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Waste Management Market Report - UK 2012-2016 Analysis

Abstract

INTRODUCTION and OVERVIEW

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AMA Research have launched the 7th edition of the report "Waste Management Market Report - UK 2012-2016 Analysis", addressing the management of controlled waste arisings from the municipal, commercial & industrial, construction & demolition sectors. The report covers waste collection, recycling, advanced waste treatment, landfill and incineration. With 60+ colour charts and tables the report analyses market growth potential, current and infrastructure developments in the pipeline.

Typically, official/government reports provide data for each of the four home countries separately, but this report provides an amalgamated assessment of waste management at a UK level.

The need to reduce waste arisings and the volumes sent to landfill, with the urgent need to increase recovery and recycling levels has rapidly risen up the national agenda, underpinned by EU Directives. Although there have been significant improvements in recycling and energy recovery, there remain pressing targets to be met; 2013 and 2020 for The Landfill Directive also the 2020 renewable energy target, for which energy-from-waste technologies will have a key role.

With 100+ pages and 60+ charts and tables this report includes:

  • UK Waste Management Market - size, trends, key influences, analysis of total market by value and volume and specifically in the municipal, commercial & industrial and construction & demolition sectors. There is also an overview of end-user sectors by region.
  • Key focus on development of new waste treatment, recycling & disposal infrastructure - identifying existing facilities and current capacity and projects in the pipeline - plant size, location, operator or developer and date of opening: - MRFs, MBT plants, IVC, AD plants, EfW incineration, commercial autoclaves and advanced thermal treatment (ATT) plants i.e. gasification and pyrolysis.
  • Market supply - profiles of top 40 major national and regional general contractors. Analysis of key trends, e.g. acquisitions, mergers and consolidation.

Combining and collating the most recent official data with additional original research and analysis, this report presents an informative review of the current state of waste management in the UK in terms of the key market drivers, waste arisings, disposal & recovery methods, industry infrastructure and capacity.

Areas of particular interest:

  • Detailed analysis of waste arisings by origin, key product & material streams.
  • Concise but informative assessments of the UK markets for waste collection, treatment, landfill & incineration infrastructure - trends in waste arisings, permitted processing capacities, waste deposits.
  • Focus on key technology sectors including anaerobic digestion, in-vessel composting, gasification and energy-from-waste combustion.
  • Lists of MBTs, MRFs, AD plants, IVC plants, mass burn incinerators and gasification plants (location, capacity, operators - open and planned).
  • Analysis of the waste management supply side including a list with turnovers & regions served for top 100+ general waste management contractors

Companies profiled in the report include:

Agrivert, Augean, Bagnall and Morris Waste Services, Biffa Waste Services, Bywaters (Leyton), Cleansing Service Group, Cory Environmental Services, Countrystyle Group, DS Smith Recycling, Enterprise Managed Services, Enviroco, Environmental Waste Controls, F & R Cawley, FCC Environment (UK), Glazewing, Global Renewables, Grundon Waste Management, Hills Waste Solutions, HW Martin Waste, Kier Services, May Gurney Environmental Services, MDJ Light Brothers, New Earth Solutions, Oran Environmental Solutions, OSS Group, Powerday, Premier Waste Management, Sackers Recycling, Severn Waste Services, Shanks UK, SITA UK, SRCL, TEG Environmental, Veolia Environmental Services, Viridor Waste Management, W & M Recycling Services, William Tracey, Yorwaste.

Key areas covered in the report include:

UK WASTE MANAGEMENT MARKET OVERVIEW

  • Market size and trends by value 2007 - 2011.
  • Forecasts 2012 - 2016 and key market drivers, trends, influences.
  • Market mixes - by key activities by values, including MSW collection, MSW disposal, MSW recycling, CDEW & CIW treatment and disposal, CDEW & CIW arisings etc.
  • Review of trends in waste arisings - by main end-use sector by region.
  • Trends in deposits - by method of disposal & treatment, by region, estimate of composition.
  • Review of waste treatment and recycling methods - focus on provision, capacity and key drivers for Material Recycling Facilities (MRFs), Mechanical Biological Treatment (MBT), Anaerobic Digestion (AD), Energy from Waste (EfW) combustion and gasification & pyrolysis.
  • Review of key market drivers - EU Directives, UK legislation, National Waste Strategies, government initiatives e.g. Renewables Obligation, PPP/PFI, Landfill Tax and gate fees.
  • Assessment of infrastructure projects in the pipeline over the next 3-4 years.

CONSTRUCTION, DEMOLITION & EXCAVATION WASTE MANAGEMENT

  • Review of waste arisings in GB - summary of official survey findings. Waste arisings by regions, by fractions.
  • Review of waste management and disposal in GB - summary of official survey findings; disposal routes.

COMMERCIAL & INDUSTRIAL WASTE (CIW) MANAGEMENT

  • Review of CIW arisings in UK 2009 - by sectors, by company sizebands, by material fractions, by regions and by various permutations of these.
  • Review of CIW management in UK 2009 - by methods of treatment types & disposal.

MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE (MSW) MANAGEMENT

  • Review of MSW arisings in UK - arisings and overview of historical trends, by region and mix by fractions.
  • Overview of MSW collection - historical review of trends by collection methods and trends in local authority revenue expenditure.
  • Review of MSW management in UK - historical overview of trends in treatment and disposal methods at UK level and by region, focus on recycling & composting with historical overview of materials mix.

INDUSTRY STRUCTURE AND SUPPLY

  • Size and distribution - breakdown by employee size band, by region and turnover band and age of businesses.
  • Trends e.g. new market entrants, consolidation, acquisitions and mergers and MBOs.
  • Market shares for top 8 waste management groups.
  • Overview of the 40 largest waste management companies in the UK with turnovers and areas of operation.
  • Contractor reviews of the 40 largest companies.

APPENDICES

12 appendices detailing: - Key Directives, Key UK Waste Legislation, PFI Waste Management Contracts, other PPP Waste Management Contracts, Acquisitions & Mergers, MSW & CIW MRF Infrastructure (operators, locations, status, capacity), MBT Infrastructure (operators, locations, status, capacity), AD Infrastructure (operators, locations, status, capacity), IVC Infrastructure (operators, locations, status, capacity), Mass Burn Incinerators (operators, locations, status, capacity), Gasification & Pyrolysis (operators, locations, status, capacity), Largest 100 General Waste Management Contractors (turnovers, regions).

SUMMARY OF REPORT CONTENTS

By value, data indicates that the market for the collection and disposal of controlled waste was valued at an estimated £8.9 billion in 2011.

Strong annual growth rates up until 2008 were underpinned by the implementation of EU Directives, aimed at reducing the volumes of landfilled waste and increasing the levels of material recovery through recycling, composting and energy-from-waste. Above all, the impact of the Landfill Tax escalator on landfill gate fees has made these alternative approaches more commercially attractive.

The downturn in the UK economy from 2008 constrained overall growth rates due to; lower levels of waste arisings, declining prices for many types of recyclate and the delay to many infrastructure projects.

Over the medium-longer term, key targets set not only by the EU Landfill Directive - for 2013 and 2020 - and renewable energy targets, mean that, regardless of the economic situation, central government, local authorities and businesses do not have the option of scaling back waste reduction and recycling objectives.

There remains a pressing need for the UK to improve waste recovery rates, particularly in the non-municipal sectors, and to develop waste treatment and recycling infrastructure.

From 2012 through to 2016, we expect to see an increase in the market growth rate, underpinned by the EU Landfill Directive target for 2013 which will necessitate an increase in waste recovery rates and a major increase in investment in the infrastructure needed to deliver this.

Post 2013, the rate of growth might stabilise for a couple of years before accelerating once more to meet 2020 targets of both the Landfill Directive and the EU Renewable Energy target.

To achieve both these aims, energy-from waste (EfW) technologies will be critical. Despite opposition from local interest groups and various NGOs, there are a large number of EfW combustion / incineration plants in the development pipeline that will be used to dispose of large volumes of residual 'black bag' waste.

There should also be some growth in the expansion of gasification and pyrolysis plants, albeit from a low base, although to date several key developments have been delayed or refused planning permission.

More successful has been the rolling out of anaerobic digestion (AD) plants treating food waste, underpinned by Landfill Directive requirements to divert biodegradable municipal waste from landfill. From just one facility in 2005, in 2012 there will be around 60 AD plants by the end of 2012. In addition there are a further 70 or so in the development pipeline.

Expansion and convergence with the energy sector, via EfW power generation, continue to attract new players into the UK waste management industry, particularly from overseas.

The latest major new market entrants are German EfW incineration plant developer/operator MV Umwelt and Spanish waste management companies Cespa and Urbaser.

There has also been further consolidation among UK companies, although since 2011 the only major take-over has been that of the waste management business of SCA Packaging by DS Smith and incorporated into DS Smith Recycling.

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Table of Contents

CONTENTS and LIST OF TABLES & CHARTS

1 INTRODUCTION

  • 1.1 MARKET DEFINITION
  • 1.2 METHODOLOGY
  • 1.3 GLOSSARY OF TERMS AND ABBREVIATIONS

2 SUMMARY

3 ECONOMIC OVERVIEW

  • 3.1 GDP
  • 3.2 INFLATION & INTEREST RATES
  • 3.3 UNEMPLOYMENT
  • 3.4 HOUSEHOLD CONSUMPTION
  • 3.5 HOUSING & CONSTRUCTION
  • 3.6 STERLING
  • 3.7 POPULATION PROFILE
  • 3.8 CONCLUSIONS

4 WASTE MANAGEMENT MARKET

  • 4.1 OVERVIEW OF MARKET SIZE AND TRENDS
  • 4.2 MARKET MIX BY PRINCIPAL ACTIVITY
  • 4.3. KEY MARKET DRIVERS
    • 4.3.1 Introduction
    • 4.3.2 National Waste Strategies
    • 4.3.3 Legislation
    • 4.3.4 Landfill Tax
    • 4.3.5 Government Initiatives
    • 4.3.6 PPP/PFI
  • 4.4 WASTE ARISINGS
  • 4.5 WASTE TREATMENT AND DISPOSAL
    • 4.5.1 Overview
    • 4.5.2 Materials Recycling Facilities
    • 4.5.3 Landfill
    • 4.5.4 Mass Burn Incineration with EfW
    • 4.5.5 Anaerobic Digestion
    • 4.5.6 In Vessel Composting
    • 4.5.7 Gasification and Pyrolysis

5 CONSTRUCTION, DEMOLITION & EXCAVATION WASTE MANAGEMENT

  • 5.1 INTRODUCTION
  • 5.2 MARKET OVERVIEW
  • 5.3 ENGLAND
    • 5.3.1 CDEW Arisings
    • 5.3.2 England CDEW Treatment & Disposal
  • 5.4 SCOTLAND
    • 5.4.1 Introduction
    • 5.4.2 Scotland CDEW Arisings
    • 5.4.3 Scotland CDEW Treatment & Disposal
  • 5.5 WALES & NORTHERN IRELAND

6 COMMERCIAL & INDUSTRIAL WASTE MANAGEMENT

  • 6.1 SECTOR OVERVIEW
  • 6.2 WASTE ARISINGS
    • 6.2.1 Waste Arisings By Sector
    • 6.2.2 UK CIW Arisings by Company Size Bands
    • 6.2.3 UK CIW Arisings by Material Fraction
    • 6.2.4 UK CIW Arisings by Region
  • 6.3 UK CIW MANAGEMENT

7 MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE (MSW)

  • 7.1 INTRODUCTION
  • 7.2 MSW ARISINGS
  • 7.3 MSW COLLECTION
  • 7.4 MSW TREATMENT & DISPOSAL
    • 7.4.1 Disposal Trends
    • 7.4.2 Landfill
    • 7.4.3 Recycling & Composting

8 INDUSTRY STRUCTURE AND SUPPLY

  • 8.1 COMPANY SIZE & DISTRIBUTION
  • 8.2 TRENDS
  • 8.3 CONTRACTORS REVIEW

APPENDICES

  • APPENDIX A KEY EU DIRECTIVES RE WASTE MANAGEMENT
  • APPENDIX B KEY WASTE LEGISLATION
  • APPENDIX C PFI WASTE MANAGEMENT CONTRACTS
  • APPENDIX D NON-PFI PPP CONTRACTS
  • APPENDIX E WASTE MANAGEMENT INDUSTRY - ACQUISITIONS AND MERGERS
  • APPENDIX F UK COMMERCIAL MATERIAL RECYCLING FACILITIES
  • APPENDIX G UK MECHANICAL BIOLOGICAL TREATMENT PLANTS
  • APPENDIX H UK COMMERCIAL ANAEROBIC DIGESTION PLANTS
  • APPENDIX I UK COMMERCIAL IN-VESSEL COMPOSTING PLANTS
  • APPENDIX J UK EFW MASS BURN INCINERATORS IN THE DEVELOPMENT PIPELINE
  • APPENDIX K UK COMMERCIAL ADVANCED THERMAL TREATMENT PLANTS
  • APPENDIX L LEADING GENERAL WASTE MANAGEMENT CONTRACTORS

TABLES AND CHARTS

  • CHART 1 UK CONTROLLED WASTE COLLECTION AND DISPOSAL SERVICES MARKET (£MILLION) 2007-2016
  • CHART 2 INTEREST RATES AND INFLATION (CPI) FROM 1992-2016
  • CHART 3 PDI & SAVINGS RATIO AT CURRENT PRICES 1992-2016
  • TABLE 4 EXCHANGE RATE FLUCTUATIONS 2006-2012 - STERLING TO THE DOLLAR, AND THE EURO, SPOT RATES
  • CHART 5 AGE DISTRIBUTION OF THE RESIDENT UK POPULATION MID-2010 ('000)
  • TABLE 6 UK MARKET SIZE FOR CONTROLLED WASTE COLLECTION, DISPOSAL AND TREATMENT SERVICES BY VALUE (£MILLION) 2007 -2016
  • CHART 7 UK WASTE MANAGEMENT MARKET BY VALUE BY PRINCIPAL ACTIVITIES 2010
  • CHART 8 GB TRENDS IN TOTAL CONTROLLED WASTE TREATMENT AND DISPOSAL BY TONNAGE (MILLION TONNES) 2006 - 2011
  • TABLE 9 MAXIMUM AMOUNT OF LANDFILL (MILLION TONNES) 2010, 2013 & 2020
  • TABLE 10 MEDIAN GATE FEES COMPARISON (£/TONNE) BY METHOD OF DISPOSAL AND TREATMENT 2008, 2010 AND 2012
  • CHART 11 UK ESTIMATED TOTAL CONTROLLED WASTE ARISINGS BY TONNAGE (MILLION TONNES) UPLIFTED 2006 - 2011
  • CHART 12 UK WASTE ARISINGS BY ORIGIN BY MAIN SECTORS BY VOLUME 2010
  • CHART 13 ENGLAND & WALES TRENDS IN WASTE TREATMENT BY METHOD BY TONNAGE ('000 TONNES) UPLIFTED 2002 - 2010
  • TABLE 14 UK 'SUPER MRFS' - 150KTPA + PERMITTED CAPACITIES AND YEAR OF OPENING
  • TABLE 15 MEDIAN GATE FEES FOR MRFS VERSUS LANDFILL (£/TONNE) 2010 AND 2012
  • TABLE 16 GB LANDFILL DEPOSITS (MILLION TONNES) BY REGION 2002 - 2010
  • CHART 17 UK LANDFILLED WASTE BY BROAD END USE SECTOR BY VOLUME
  • TABLE 18 GB ACTIVE LANDFILL CAPACITY (MILLION TONNES) BY REGION 2002 - 2010
  • TABLE 19 UK OPERATIONAL MSW AND/OR CIW MASS BURN INCINERATORS AT JULY 2012
  • CHART 20 ESTIMATED UK EFW INCINERATION CAPACITY (PERMITTED INPUT, MILLION TONNES) 1990 - 2015
  • TABLE 21 UK ANAEROBIC DIGESTION INFRASTRUCTURE AT JUNE 2012 VERSUS JUNE 2011
  • TABLE 22 MEDIAN GATE FEES (£/TONNE) FOR IVC VERSUS AD AND WINDOW COMPOSTING 2010 AND 2012
  • CHART 23 ENGLAND CDEW ARISINGS (MT) INCLUDING RAW AGGREGATES, SOILS AND STONES, TIMBER, METALS, PACKAGING ETC 2008 -2010
  • TABLE 24 KEY CONSTRUCTION MATERIAL WASTE STREAMS ON TRADITIONAL NEWBUILD APPLICATIONS BY MATERIAL BY VOLUME (CUBIC METRES)
  • TABLE 25 ENGLAND CDEW TREATMENT AND DISPOSAL ROUTES (MILLION TONNES) 2008 -2010
  • CHART 26 SCOTLAND TRENDS IN CDEW ARISINGS BY TONNAGE (MILLION TONNES) UPLIFTED 2004 - 2010
  • CHART 27 SCOTLAND ESTIMATED CDEW ARISINGS BY FRACTION 2009
  • CHART 28 SCOTLAND - CONTROLLED CDEW MANAGED AT LICENSED /PERMITTED WASTE FACILITIES BY FRACTION 2009
  • TABLE 29 UK CIW ARISINGS BY END USER SECTOR BY TONNAGE UPLIFTED (MILLION TONNES) 2009
  • TABLE 30 UK CIW ARISINGS BY END USER SECTOR BY EMPLOYEE SIZE BANDS BY TONNAGE (MILLION TONNES) 2009
  • CHART 31 UK CIW ARISINGS BY TYPES OF WASTE MATERIAL BY % OF TONNAGE UPLIFTED
  • TABLE 32 UK CIW ARISINGS BY END USER SECTOR (RETAIL, WHOLESALE, POWER, HOTEL ETC) AND WASTE TYPES (NON METAL, MINERAL, CHEMICAL, ETC) BY % BY VOLUME 2009
  • CHART 33 UK CIW ARISINGS BY REGION BY % BY VOLUME
  • CHART 34 UK CIW MANAGEMENT BY TREATMENT AND DISPOSAL METHODS BY % OF TONNAGE HANDLED IN 2009
  • TABLE 35 UK ESTIMATES OF CIW ARISINGS BY END USER SECTOR BY TREATMENT TYPE BY % OF TONNAGE HANDLED 2009
  • CHART 36 UK TRENDS IN MSW ARISINGS BY TONNAGE ('000 TONNES) UPLIFTED 2004/05 - 2010/11 AND FORECASTS TO 2015/2016
  • CHART 37 UK MSW ARISINGS BY REGION BY % OF VOLUME UPLIFTED 2010/2011
  • CHART 38 ENGLAND MSW ARISINGS BY FRACTION BY % OF TOTAL MSW ARISINGS
  • CHART 39 UK TRENDS IN MSW COLLECTIONS BY METHOD BY TONNAGE ('000 TONNES) UPLIFTED 2002/03 - 2010/11
  • CHART 40 ENGLAND TRENDS IN LOCAL AUTHORITY REVENUE EXPENDITURE ON WASTE COLLECTION SERVICES AT £'000 AT CURRENT PRICES 2006/07 TO 2010/11
  • CHART 41 GB TRENDS IN MSW DISPOSAL BY METHOD BY TONNAGE ('000 TONNES) UPLIFTED 2006/07 - 2010/11
  • TABLE 42 UK METHODS OF MSW DISPOSAL & RECOVERY BY REGION BY VOLUME HANDLED ('000 TONNES) 2010/11
  • CHART 43 ENGLAND TRENDS IN LOCAL AUTHORITY REVENUE EXPENDITURE ON WASTE DISPOSAL SERVICES AT £'000 AT CURRENT PRICES 2006/07 TO 2010/11
  • CHART 44 ENGLAND MSW RECYCLING TRENDS ('000 TONNES) BY MATERIAL 2002/03 - 2009/10
  • TABLE 45 UK NUMBER OF UK VAT/PAYE REGISTERED WASTE HANDLING ENTERPRISES BY EMPLOYEE SIZE-BANDS 2011
  • TABLE 46 UK NUMBER OF LOCAL UNITS IN UK VAT/PAYE REGISTERED WASTE HANDLING ENTERPRISES BY EMPLOYMENT SIZE-BANDS 2011
  • TABLE 47 UK NUMBER OF LOCAL UNITS OF VAT/PAYE REGISTERED WASTE HANDLING ENTERPRISES BY ACTIVITY BY REGION 2011
  • TABLE 48 UK NO. VAT/PAYE REGISTERED WASTE MANAGEMENT ENTERPRISES BY MAIN ACTIVITY BY AGE OF BUSINESS 2011
  • CHART 49 UK WASTE MANAGEMENT SERVICES MARKET - % MARKET SHARES
  • TABLE 50 TOP 40 WASTE MANAGEMENT CONTRACTORS IN UK BY ANNUAL TURNOVER 2010/2011
  • TABLE 51 KEY EU DIRECTIVES RE WASTE MANAGEMENT
  • TABLE 52 KEY WASTE LEGISLATION FOR ENGLAND & WALES, SCOTLAND & NORTHERN IRELAND
  • TABLE 53 PFI WASTE MANAGEMENT CONTRACTS AS AT AUGUST 2012
  • TABLE 54 NON-PFI PPP CONTRACTS AS AT MAY 2012
  • TABLE 55 WASTE MANAGEMENT INDUSTRY - ACQUISITIONS AND MERGERS
  • TABLE 56 UK COMMERCIAL MATERIAL RECYCLING FACILITIES HANDLING MSW & CIW - OPERATIONAL AND IN THE DEVELOPMENT PIPELINE AT MAY 2012 BY REGION, PERMITTED CAPACITY, DEVELOPER & STATUS
  • TABLE 57 UK MECHANICAL BIOLOGICAL TREATMENT PLANTS - OPERATIONAL AND IN THE DEVELOPMENT PIPELINE AT MAY 2012 BY REGION, PERMITTED CAPACITY, DEVELOPER & STATUS
  • TABLE 58 UK COMMERCIAL ANAEROBIC DIGESTION PLANTS - OPERATIONAL AND IN THE DEVELOPMENT PIPELINE AT MAY 2012 BY REGION, PERMITTED CAPACITY, DEVELOPER & STATUS
  • TABLE 59 UK COMMERCIAL IN-VESSEL COMPOSTING PLANTS - OPERATIONAL AND IN THE DEVELOPMENT PIPELINE AT MAY 2012 BY REGION, PERMITTED CAPACITY, DEVELOPER & STATUS
  • TABLE 60 UK EFW MASS BURN INCINERATORS IN THE DEVELOPMENT PIPELINE AT MAY 2012 BY REGION, PERMITTED CAPACITY, DEVELOPER & STATUS
  • TABLE 61 UK COMMERCIAL ADVANCED THERMAL TREATMENT PLANTS - OPERATIONAL AND IN THE DEVELOPMENT PIPELINE AT MAY 2012 BY REGION, PERMITTED CAPACITY, DEVELOPER & STATUS
  • TABLE 62 LEADING GENERAL WASTE MANAGEMENT CONTRACTORS IN THE COMMERCIAL & INDUSTRIAL SECTOR2010/11 TURNOVERS AND REGIONS COVERED
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