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Waste Management Market Report - UK 2014-2018 Analysis

AMA Research have launched the 8th edition of the report 'Waste Management Market Report - UK 2014-2018 Analysis', addressing the management of controlled waste arisings from the municipal, commercial & industrial construction & demolition sectors. The report covers waste collection, recycling, advanced waste treatment, landfill and incineration. With 50 charts and tables the report analyses market growth potential, current and infrastructure developments in the pipeline.

Typically, official/government reports provide data for each of the four home countries separately, but this report provides an amalgamated assessment of waste management at a UK level.

This report includes:

  • UK Waste Management Market - size, trends, key influences, analysis of total market by value and volume and specifically in the municipal, commercial & industrial and construction & demolition sectors.
  • Key focus on development of new waste treatment, recycling & disposal infrastructure - identifying existing facilities and current capacity and projects in the pipeline - plant size, location, operator or developer and date of opening: MRFs, MBTs, IVC, AD, 'mass burn' EfW incineration and advanced conversion technology (ACT) plants.
  • Market supply- profiles on top 40 major national and regional contractors. Analysis of key trends, e.g. acquisitions, mergers and consolidation, entry of major new competitors and company failures.


The need to reduce waste arisings and the volumes sent to landfill, with the urgent need to increase recovery and recycling levels has rapidly risen up the national agenda, underpinned by EU Directives. Although there have been significant improvements in recycling and energy recovery, there remain pressing 2020 targets for The Landfill Directive and the 2020 renewable energy target, for which energy-from-waste technologies have a key role.

Combining and collating the most recent official data with additional original research and analysis, this report presents an informative review of the current state of waste management in the UK in terms of the key market drivers, waste arisings, disposal & recovery methods, industry infrastructure and capacity.

Areas of particular interest:

  • Detailed analysis of waste arisings by origin, key product & material streams.
  • Concise but informative assessments of the UK markets for waste collection, treatment, landfill & incineration infrastructure - trends in waste arisings, permitted processing capacities, waste deposits.
  • Focus on key technology sectors including anaerobic digestion, advanced conversion technologies and 'mass burn' EfW incineration.
  • Tables for MBTs, MRFs, AD, IVC, mass burn incineration and ACT plants (location, capacity, operators - open and planned).
  • Analysis of the waste management supply side including a table with turnovers & regions served for top 100+ general waste management contractors.

Companies profiled in the report include:

Agrivert, AmeyCespa, Associated Waste Management, Augean, Bagnall and Morris Waste Services, Biffa Waste Services, Bywaters (Leyton), Carey Group, Cleansing Service Group, Cory Environmental Services, Countrystyle Group, DCC Environmental, DS Smith Recycling, Enviroco, Environmental Waste Controls, F & R Cawley, FCC Environment (UK), Glazewing, Global Renewables, Grundon Waste Management, Hills Waste Solutions, HW Martin Waste, Impetus Waste Management Group, Kier MG Services, LondonWaste Ltd, MDJ Light Brothers, Mid UK Recycling, New Earth Solutions, Niramax Group, Norse Group, OSS Group, Palm Recycling, Powerday, Recycling Lives, Sackers Recycling, Saica Natur UK, Severn Waste Services, Shanks UK, SITA UK, SRCL, TEG Environmental, Tradebe Environmental Services, Transwaste Recycling & Aggregates, Veolia Environmental Services, Viridor Waste Management, W & S Recycling Services, Wastecare Group, William Tracey, Yorwaste.

Key areas covered in the report include:

UK WASTE MANAGEMENT MARKET OVERVIEW

  • Market size and trends by value 2008 -2013.
  • Forecasts 2014 - 2018 and key market drivers, trends, influences.
  • Market mixes - by key activities by value, including MSW collection, MSW disposal, MSW recycling, CDEW & CIW treatment and disposal, CDEW & CIW arisings etc.
  • Review of trends in waste arisings - by main end-use sector by region.
  • Trends in deposits - by method of disposal & treatment, by region, estimate of composition.
  • Review of waste treatment and recycling methods - focus on provision, capacity and key drivers for Material Recycling Facilities (MRFs), Mechanical Biological Treatment (MBT), Anaerobic Digestion (AD), Energy from Waste (EfW) combustion and advanced conversion technologies.
  • Review of key market drivers - EU Directives, UK legislation, National Waste Strategies, government initiatives e.g. Renewables Obligation, PPP/PFI, Landfill Tax and gate fees.

INDUSTRY STRUCTURE AND SUPPLY

  • Size and distribution - breakdown by employee size band, by region and turnover band and age of businesses.
  • Trends e.g. new market entrants, consolidation, acquisitions and mergers.
  • Overview of the 40 largest waste management companies in the UK with turnovers and areas of operation.

MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT

  • Review of MSW arisings in UK - arisings and overview of historical trends, by region and mix by fractions.
  • Overview of MSW collection - historical review of trends by collection methods and trends in local authority revenue expenditure.
  • Review of MSW treatment and disposal in UK - historical overview of trends in treatment and disposal methods at UK level and by region, focus on recycling & composting with historical overview of materials mix.

COMMERCIAL & INDUSTRIAL WASTE MANAGEMENT

  • Review of CIW arisings in UK - by sectors, by material fractions, by regions and by various permutations of these.
  • Review of CIW management in UK - by methods of treatment types & disposal.

CONSTRUCTION, DEMOLITION & EXCAVATION WASTE MANAGEMENT

  • Review of waste arisings in GB- summary of official survey findings. Waste arisings and analysis of aggregate materials, trends over the last 6 years.
  • Review of waste management, treatment and disposal in GB - summary of official survey findings; disposal routes.

TABLES AND APPENDICES

Tables and appendices detailing: Key Directives, Key UK Waste Legislation, PFI Waste Management Contracts, other PPP Waste Management Contracts, Acquisitions & Mergers, MRF Infrastructure (operators, locations, status, capacity), MBT Infrastructure (operators, locations, status, capacity), AD Infrastructure (operators, locations, status, capacity), IVC Infrastructure (operators, locations, status, capacity), Mass Burn Incinerators (operators, locations, status, capacity), Advanced Conversion Technologies (operators, locations, status, capacity), Largest 100 General Waste Management Contractors (turnovers, regions).

SUMMARY OF REPORT CONTENTS

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collection, treatment, recycling and disposal of controlled waste was an estimated £18.9 billion in 2013.

Strong underlying annual growth rates have been driven by the implementation of EU Directives, aimed at reducing the volumes of landfilled waste and increasing the levels of material recovery through recycling, composting and energy-from-waste. Above all, the impact of the Landfill Tax escalator on landfill gate fees has made these alternative approaches more commercially attractive.

The downturn in the UK economy suppressed growth rates in 2012 due to; lower levels of waste arisings, declining prices for many types of recyclate and the delay to many infrastructure projects.

Over the medium-longer term, the key 2020 targets for both the EU Landfill Directive and renewable energy mean that regardless of the economic situation, central government, local authorities and businesses do not have the option of scaling back waste reduction and recycling objectives. There remains a pressing need for the UK to improve waste recovery rates, particularly in the commercial and industrial waste (CIW) sector and to develop a suitable waste collection, treatment and recycling infrastructure in this sector.

From 2014 through to 2018, it is expected that there will be an increase in the market growth rate, underpinned by the EU Landfill Directive target for 2020 which will necessitate an increase in waste recovery rates and a major increase in investment in the infrastructure needed to deliver this, by possibly as much as £5bn. To achieve both these aims, energy-from waste (EfW) technologies, in particular advanced conversion technologies (ACT), will be core to government plans to meeting both the Landfill Directive and renewable electricity targets. Despite opposition from local interest groups and NGOs, there are a large number of 'mass burn' EfW incineration and ACT plants in the development pipeline that will be used to dispose of large volumes of the 21 million tonnes of residual 'Mblack bag'M waste currently being landfilled.

There has also been marked growth in the rolling out of anaerobic digestion (AD) plants treating food waste, underpinned by Landfill Directive requirements to divert biodegradable municipal waste from landfill. From just one facility in 2005, there were over 60 AD plants taking food waste at the end of 2013.

Expansion and convergence with the EfW sector continue to attract new players into the UK waste management industry, particularly from overseas. There has also been further consolidation among UK companies.

By 2018, it is estimated that the market for the collection, treatment, recycling and disposal of controlled waste will be worth around £24bn following annual growth rates of between 3-7% per annum.

Table of Contents

1. INTRODUCTION

  • 1.1 MARKET DEFINITION
  • 1.2 METHODOLOGY
  • 1.3 GLOSSARY OF TERMS AND ABBREVIATIONS

2. SUMMARY

3. ECONOMIC OVERVIEW

  • 3.1 GDP
  • 3.2 INFLATION & INTEREST RATES
  • 3.3 UNEMPLOYMENT
  • 3.4 HOUSEHOLD CONSUMPTION
  • 3.5 HOUSING & CONSTRUCTION
  • 3.6 STERLING
  • 3.7 POPULATION PROFILE
  • 3.8 CONCLUSIONS

4. WASTE MANAGEMENT MARKET

  • 4.1 OVERVIEW OF MARKET SIZE AND TRENDS
  • 4.2 CONTROLLED WASTE COLLECTION SERVICES
  • 4.3 CONTROLLED WASTE TREATMENT AND DISPOSAL
  • 4.4 MATERIALS RECOVERY
  • 4.5 KEY MARKET DRIVERS
    • 4.5.1 Introduction
    • 4.5.2 National Waste Strategies
    • 4.5.3 Legislation
    • 4.5.4 Landfill Tax
    • 4.5.5 Government Initiatives
    • 4.5.6 Non-Government Initiatives
    • 4.5.7 PPP/PFI
  • 4.6 WASTE TREATMENT AND DISPOSAL
    • 4.6.1 Overview
    • 4.6.2 Materials Recycling Facilities (MRF)
    • 4.6.3 Landfill
    • 4.6.4 Mass Burn Incineration with EfW
    • 4.6.5 Anaerobic Digestion
    • 4.6.6 Mechanical Biological Treatment
    • 4.6.7 In Vessel Composting
    • 4.6.8 Advanced Conversion Technologies

5. INDUSTRY STRUCTURE AND SUPPLY

  • 5.1 COMPANY SIZE
  • 5.2 TRENDS
  • 5.3 CONTRACTORS REVIEW
    • 5.3.1 Large National Contractors
    • 5.3.2 Regional And Specialist Waste Management Contractors

6. MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE (MSW)

  • 6.1 INTRODUCTION
  • 6.2 MSW ARISINGS
  • 6.3 MSW COLLECTION
  • 6.4 MSW TREATMENT & DISPOSAL
    • 6.4.1 Overview of Trends in Treatment and Disposal
    • 6.4.2 MSW Landfill
    • 6.4.3 MSW Recycling & Composting

7. COMMERCIAL & INDUSTRIAL WASTE (CIW)

  • 7.1 INTRODUCTION
  • 7.2 WASTE ARISINGS
    • 7.2.1 Waste Arisings By Sector
    • 7.2.2 UK CIW Arisings by Material Fraction
    • 7.2.3 UK CIW Arisings by Region
  • 7.3 UK CIW MANAGEMENT

8. CONSTRUCTION, DEMOLITION & EXCAVATION WASTE MANAGEMENT (CDEW)

  • 8.1 INTRODUCTION
  • 8.2 WASTE ARISINGS
  • 8.3 CDEW TREATMENT AND DISPOSAL

APPENDICES

  • APPENDIX A PFI WASTE MANAGEMENT CONTRACTS
  • APPENDIX B NON-PFI PPP CONTRACTS
  • APPENDIX C WASTE MANAGEMENT INDUSTRY - ACQUISITIONS AND MERGERS
  • APPENDIX D UK COMMERCIAL MATERIAL RECYCLING FACILITIES
  • APPENDIX E UK COMMERCIAL ANAEROBIC DIGESTION PLANTS
  • APPENDIX F UK COMMERCIAL IN-VESSEL COMPOSTING PLANTS
  • APPENDIX G LEADING GENERAL WASTE MANAGEMENT CONTRACTORS
  • TABLES AND CHARTS
  • CHART 1 UK CONTROLLED WASTE COLLECTION AND DISPOSAL SERVICES MARKET (£MILLION) 2008-2018
  • TABLE 2 GDP DATA - 2011-2014 - KEY CONSTITUENT ELEMENTS
  • CHART 3 INTEREST RATES AND INFLATION (CPI) FROM 1994-2018
  • CHART 4 PDI & SAVINGS RATIO AT CURRENT PRICES 1995-2018
  • TABLE 5 EXCHANGE RATE FLUCTUATIONS 2008-2014 - STERLING TO THE DOLLAR, AND THE EURO, SPOT RATES
  • TABLE 6 UK MARKET SIZE FOR THE CONTROLLED WASTE MANAGEMENT SECTOR BY VALUE (£MILLION) 2008 -2018
  • CHART 7 UK MARKET FOR CONTROLLED WASTE COLLECTION BY VALUE (£M) 2008 - 2014
  • CHART 8 UK CONTROLLED WASTE COLLECTION MARKET 2012/13
  • CHART 9 UK MARKET FOR CONTROLLED WASTE TREATMENT AND DISPOSAL BY VALUE (£M) 2008 - 2014
  • CHART 10 UK CONTROLLED WASTE TREATMENT AND DISPOSAL BY METHOD BY VOLUME 2012/13
  • CHART 11 UK MARKET FOR MATERIAL RECOVERY BY VALUE (£M) 2008 -2014
  • TABLE 12 KEY EU DIRECTIVES RE WASTE MANAGEMENT
  • TABLE 13 MAXIMUM AMOUNT OF LANDFILL (MILLION TONNES) 2010, 2013 & 2020
  • TABLE 14 MEDIAN GATE FEES COMPARISON (£/TONNE) BY METHOD OF DISPOSAL AND TREATMENT 2008, 2010, 2012 & 2013
  • TABLE 15 UK 'SUPER MRFS- - 150KTPA+ PERMITTED CAPACITIES AND YEAR OF OPENING
  • CHART 16 ENGLAND TOTAL COLLECTED MSW RECOVERED VOLUMES FOR RECYCLING 2003/04 TO 2012/13
  • CHART 17 UK LANDFILL VOLUMES 2002 - 2014
  • CHART 18 UK LANDFILLED WASTE BY BROAD END USE SECTOR BY VOLUME
  • TABLE 19 GB ACTIVE LANDFILL CAPACITY (MILLION TONNES) 2002 - 2014
  • TABLE 20 UK OPERATIONAL MSW AND/OR CIW 'MASS BURN- INCINERATORS AT SEPTEMBER 2014
  • CHART 21 ESTIMATED UK EFW INCINERATION CAPACITY (PERMITTED INPUT, MILLION TONNES) 1990 - 2017
  • TABLE 22 UK EFW MASS BURN INCINERATORS IN THE DEVELOPMENT PIPELINE AT SEPT 2014 BY REGION, PERMITTED CAPACITY, DEVELOPER & STATUS
  • CHART 23 UK AD DESIGN CAPACITY BY TYPE OF OPERATION BY CAPACITY AT SEPTEMBER 2014
  • TABLE 24 MBT FACILITIES - TYPICAL SIZES & COSTS
  • TABLE 25 UK MECHANICAL BIOLOGICAL TREATMENT PLANTS - OPERATIONAL AND IN THE DEVELOPMENT PIPELINE AT SEPTEMBER 2014 BY REGION, PERMITTED CAPACITY, DEVELOPER & STATUS
  • TABLE 26 UK COMMERCIAL ADVANCED CONVERSION TECHNOLOGY PLANTS - OPERATIONAL AND IN THE DEVELOPMENT PIPELINE AT SEPTEMBER 2014 BY REGION, PERMITTED CAPACITY, DEVELOPER & STATUS
  • TABLE 26 UK COMMERCIAL ADVANCED CONVERSION TECHNOLOGY PLANTS - OPERATIONAL AND IN THE DEVELOPMENT PIPELINE AT SEPTEMBER 2014 BY REGION, PERMITTED CAPACITY, DEVELOPER & STATUS
  • TABLE 27 UK NUMBER OF UK VAT/PAYE REGISTERED WASTE HANDLING ENTERPRISES BY EMPLOYEE SIZE-BANDS 2013
  • TABLE 28 UK NUMBER OF UK VAT/PAYE REGISTERED WASTE HANDLING ENTERPRISES BY TURNOVER SIZE-BANDS 2013
  • TABLE 29 UK NO. VAT/PAYE REGISTERED WASTE MANAGEMENT ENTERPRISES BY MAIN ACTIVITY BY AGE OF BUSINESS 2013
  • TABLE 30 TOP 40 WASTE MANAGEMENT CONTRACTORS IN UK BY ANNUAL TURNOVER 2012/2013
  • CHART 31 UK TRENDS IN MSW ARISINGS BY TONNAGE (-000 TONNES) UPLIFTED 2004/05 - 2015/16
  • CHART 32 UK MSW ARISINGS BY REGION BY % OF VOLUME UPLIFTED 2012/2013
  • CHART 33 GB MSW ARISINGS BY FRACTION BY % OF TOTAL
  • CHART 34 UK TRENDS IN MSW COLLECTIONS BY METHOD BY TONNAGE (-000 TONNES) UPLIFTED 2002/03 - 2012/13
  • CHART 35 ENGLAND TRENDS IN LOCAL AUTHORITY REVENUE EXPENDITURE ON WASTE COLLECTION SERVICES (£-000 AT CURRENT PRICES) 2006/07 TO 2012/13
  • CHART 36 GB TRENDS IN MSW DISPOSAL BY MAIN METHODS BY TONNAGE (-000 TONNES) UPLIFTED 2006/07 - 2012/13
  • TABLE 37 UK METHODS OF MSW DISPOSAL & RECOVERY BY REGION BY VOLUME HANDLED (-000 TONNES) 2012/13
  • CHART 38 ENGLAND TRENDS IN LOCAL AUTHORITY REVENUE EXPENDITURE ON WASTE DISPOSAL SERVICES (£-000 AT CURRENT PRICES) 2006/07 TO 2012/13
  • CHART 39 UK CIW ARISINGS BY TYPES OF WASTE MATERIAL BY % OF TONNAGE UPLIFTED 2012
  • CHART 40 UK CIW ARISINGS BY TYPES OF WASTE MATERIAL BY % OF TONNAGE UPLIFTED
  • CHART 41 UK CIW ARISINGS BY REGION BY % BY VOLUME
  • CHART 42 UK CIW MANAGEMENT BY TREATMENT AND DISPOSAL METHODS BY % OF TONNAGE HANDLED
  • CHART 43 UK TRENDS IN SUPPLY OF BUILDING SAND & GRAVEL, READYMIX CONCRETE AND CEMENTITIOUS PRODUCTS 2008-2013
  • TABLE 44 GB CDEW TREATMENT AND DISPOSAL ROUTES BY % DEPOSITED BY TONNAGE
  • TABLE 45 PFI WASTE MANAGEMENT CONTRACTS
  • TABLE 46 NON-PFI PPP CONTRACTS
  • TABLE 47 WASTE MANAGEMENT INDUSTRY - ACQUISITIONS AND MERGERS
  • TABLE 48 UK COMMERCIAL MATERIAL RECYCLING FACILITIES HANDLING MSW & CIW - OPERATIONAL AND IN THE DEVELOPMENT PIPELINE AT JULY 2014 BY REGION, PERMITTED CAPACITY, DEVELOPER & STATUS
  • TABLE 49 UK COMMERCIAL ANAEROBIC DIGESTION PLANTS TREATING POST-CONSUMER FOOD WASTE - OPERATIONAL AND IN THE DEVELOPMENT PIPELINE AT AUGUST 2014 BY REGION, PERMITTED CAPACITY, DEVELOPER & STATUS
  • TABLE 50 UK COMMERCIAL IN-VESSEL COMPOSTING PLANTS - OPERATIONAL AND IN THE DEVELOPMENT PIPELINE AT SEPTEMBER 2014 BY REGION, PERMITTED CAPACITY, DEVELOPER & STATUS
  • TABLE 51 LEADING GENERAL WASTE MANAGEMENT CONTRACTORS IN THE COMMERCIAL & INDUSTRIAL SECTOR TURNOVERS AND REGIONS COVERED
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