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Tungsten: Markets, Competitors and Opportunities 2012 - 2022 Analysis and Forecasts

Abstract

Tungsten is a hard, rare metal of critical and strategic importance. The British Geological Survey ranks tungsten among the scarcest elements on earth - rarer even than rare earths. The US Department of Energy also considers tungsten a critical material. The European Commission identified tungsten as the second most critical material in terms of economic importance vs. supply risk. The metal's unique properties make it essential to the manufacture of everything from drill bits to cruise missiles and there are no known substitutes.

China currently dominates the supply of tungsten and is expected to do so for the next decade. However, the Chinese government has adopted restrictive policies including implementing quota systems, increasing tax rates and pushing for industry consolidation, etc. to reorganize its tungsten industry, the same as in its rare earth industry. Chinese primary tungsten production will be curbed to half its historical growth rate going forward. Further, very few tungsten mines outside of China are expected to be in production, or close to beginning production, during the next few years.

Rising demand for tungsten coupled with dwindling supplies is keeping prices high. As a result, tungsten presents a unique situation with many opportunities for producers, fabricators and investors.

This report provides an in-depth look at the global tungsten industry including:

  • What is tungsten, where does it come from, how is it obtained, what is it used for and why it is so important.
  • Tungsten production, demand, prices, world trade and market outlook.
  • China's role in tungsten supply, consumption, industry consolidation, pricing and shortages.
  • Detailed analysis of the global tungsten market by segment from 2012 to 2022.
  • Key strategic issues.
  • Regional trends.
  • Political risks.
  • New technologies.
  • Major opportunities.
  • Competitive landscape.
  • Top players in the market.

Additionally, profiles of 28 leading foreign and US companies are given. The report also includes 61 figures and 24 tables.

Table of Contents

CONTENTS

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

INTRODUCTION

  • Background
  • Methodology and Sources
  • Statistical Notes

TUNGSTEN

  • Definition
  • History
  • Physical Properties
  • Isotopes
  • Chemical Properties
  • Biological Role
  • Occurrence
  • Extraction Methods
  • Surface Mining
  • Underground Mining
  • Processing
  • Concentrates
  • Scrap
  • Applications
  • Military
  • Chemical
  • Niche Uses
  • Gold Substitution
  • Electronics
  • Conflict Minerals

TUNGSTEN MARKET OVERVIEW

  • Data Notes
  • US Legislation and Government Programs
  • US Production
  • US Consumption
  • Prices
  • Foreign Trade
  • World Review
  • Australia
  • Austria
  • Brazil
  • Canada
  • China
  • Congo (Kinshasa)
  • Japan
  • Peru
  • Portugal
  • Russia
  • Rwanda
  • Rwanda
  • South Korea
  • Spain
  • Sweden
  • United Kingdom
  • Vietnam
  • Market Outlook

CHINA TUNGSTEN INDUSTRY

  • Strategic Metal
  • China Dominates the Supply
  • Stable Demand
  • Shortages Expected to Drive Prices Up
  • Essential to Technology and Industry
  • China's Market Position
  • China Curbs Supply Growth
  • Implementing the Quota Systems
  • Increasing Tax Rates
  • Promoting Industry Consolidation
  • Push for Consolidation
  • Post Consolidation Winners
  • Similarities to Rare Earth Industry Consolidation
  • Production Outlook
  • Rest of World Supply Lags
  • Recycling and Stockpile Sales
  • Broad Based Consumption
  • Chinese Demand Is Critical
  • Hard Metals in China
  • Rest of World Demand Is Mature With Some Exceptions
  • Shortages To Drive Up Prices
  • Price Issues
  • Price Outlook

COMPANY PROFILES

  • Allegheny Technologies Incorporated
    • (Background, Tungsten, Engineered Products, Tungsten Materials Sales, Products, Tungsten Powder, ATI DENSalloyR Tungsten Heavy Alloy, Tungsten Heavy Alloy Products, Infiltrated Tungsten, Processing Capabilities, Brakenridge Plant, Significant Barriers to Entry, Competitors)
  • Almonty Industries Inc
    • (Background, Tungsten, Los Santos Project, Recent Events)
  • Carbine Tungsten
    • (Background, Tungsten, Mt Carbine Project, Estimated Future Revenues)
  • Chenzhou Mining Group Co., Ltd
    • (Background, Tungsten, Strong Growth Trends Indicated by Its 12th Five-Year Plan, High Self-Sufficiency Rate Brings High Margin)
  • China Minmetals Corporation
    • (Background, Tungsten, Xiamen Tungsten JV)
  • China Molybdenum Co., Ltd.
    • (Background, Tungsten, Revenue and Margins, Future Plans)
  • China Tungsten and Hightech Materials Co
    • (Background, Tungsten)
  • Chongyi Zhangyuan Tungsten Co., Ltd
    • (Background, Tungsten, Abundant Reserves Mean a Stable, Secure Supply, Deep Processing Products: The Main Source of Revenues and Profits, M&A Growth)
  • Deutsche Rohstoff AG
    • (Background, Tungsten, Wolfram Camp Mining, Global Tungsten & Powders Corp. Agreement)
  • Global Tungsten & Powders Corp.
    • (Background, Tungsten, Fuel Cell Plans, Deutsche Rohstoff Agreement, Wolfram Camp)
  • H.C. Starck GmbH & Co. KG
    • (Background, Tungsten, Products, Powders & Compounds, Fabricated Products, Jiangxi Rare Metals Tungsten JV, Recycling)
  • Hazelwood Resources Limited
    • (Background, Tungsten, ATC Ferrotungsten Project, Mt Mulgine Tungsten Project, Exploration History, Fit with Hazelwood's Business)
  • Hunan Nonferrous Metals Corporation Ltd.
    • (Background, Tungsten)
  • Jiangsu Shunchi Tungsten & Molybdenum Products Co., Ltd.
    • (Background, Tungsten, Products)
  • King Island Scheelite Limited
    • (Background, Tungsten)
  • Malaga Inc
    • (Background, Tungsten, Resource, Production, Production Costs, Outlook)
  • Mitsubishi Materials Corporation
    • (Background, Tungsten, Superhard Tools)
  • Nippon Tungsten Co., Ltd.
    • (Background, Tungsten, Tungsten Sheet)
  • North American Tungsten Corporation Ltd.
    • (Background, Tungsten, Cantung Mine, Mactung Property)
  • Northcliff Resources Ltd
    • (Background, Tungsten, Sisson Project)
  • Ormonde Mining PLC
    • (Background, Tungsten, Barruecopardo Tungsten Project)
  • Plansee Group
    • (Background, Tungsten)
  • Rising Nonferrous Metals Share Co Ltd.
    • (Background, Tungsten)
  • Sandvik AB
    • (Background, Tungsten, Global Tooling Leader, Mining Capital Expenditures Being Driven by High Commodity Prices)
  • Thor Mining Plc
    • (Background, Tungsten, Molyhil)
  • Wolf Minerals Limited
    • (Background, Tungsten, Hemerdon)
  • Woulfe Mining Corp
    • (Background, Tungsten, Sangdong Tungsten/Molybdenum Project)
  • Xiamen Tungsten Co., Ltd.
    • (Background, Tungsten, Products, Towards Higher Margins, Mines, Upstream Mines, Midstream Smelting, Downstream Deep Processing, Mine Expansion for Self-Sufficiency, High-End Products, Future Development and Asset Injection Potential)

FIGURES

  • 1. Wolframite (Scale in cm)
  • 2. Wolfram Evaporated Crystals and 1 cm3 Cube
  • 3. Tungsten Price and Production Over the Past 100 Years
  • 4. Global Mining Production of Selective Metals (Tonnes): 2009
  • 5. Average APT Price (US$/MTU): 2007-2012
  • 6. ) Global Demand and Supply of Tungsten: 2008-2015
  • 7. Relative Price Performance Between Tungsten and Base Metals: 2004-2011
  • 8. World Tungsten Reserves by Country: 2010
  • 9. World Tungsten Output by Country: 2010
  • 10. China Tungsten Reserves by Province: 2007
  • 11. China Tungsten Output by Province: 2010
  • 12. Different Types of Chinese Tungsten Products and Their Export Status
  • 13. Chinese Export Tax Rebates and Export Tariffs for Tungsten Products by Type: 2004-2011
  • 14. Mining Quota Distribution Among China Tungsten Suppliers
  • 15. Average Quota Per Mine Among China Tungsten Suppliers
  • 16. China's Primary Tungsten Production: 2001-2015
  • 17. Non-Chinese Primary Tungsten Production by Country (kT): 2001-2015
  • 18. Tungsten Supply CAGR by Source: 2011-2015
  • 19. World Tungsten Supply Breakdown by Source: 2015
  • 20. Global Tungsten Consumption by Sector: 2008
  • 21. Tungsten Consumption by Country: 2008
  • 22. China Tungsten Consumption by Sector: 2008
  • 23. Europe Tungsten Consumption by Sector: 2008
  • 24. US Tungsten Consumption by Sector: 2008
  • 25. Japan Tungsten Consumption by Sector: 2008
  • 26. : China Tungsten Consumption and CAGR: 2001-2015
  • 27. Five-Year CAGR in China Tungsten Demand by Sector: 2006-2010, 2011-2015
  • 28. Hard Metals Production in China: 2001-2010
  • 29. High-Speed Tool Steels Production in China: 2001-2010
  • 30. Rest of World Tungsten Demand by Country and Region (Tonnes, %): 2001-2015
  • 31. Tungsten Consumption by Country and Region: 2015
  • 32. Tungsten Demand, Supply and Shortages Worldwide by Source (Tonnes): 2008-2015
  • 33. Prices of Various Tungsten Products (Rmb/Kg): 2004-2011
  • 34. Price Premiums of Tungsten Various Products (%): 2006-2011
  • 35. APT FOB Price Premium To Domestic Price: 2006-2011
  • 36. China Domestic APT Prices (Rmb/Kg): 2005-2015
  • 37. Allegheny Technologies' Engineered Products Sales, Product Mix and Markets (%, $ Million): 2010, 2011
  • 38. Chenzhou Mining Group Revenue by Segment: 2010
  • 39. Chenzhou Mining Group Corporate Structure
  • 40. Chenzhou Mining Group's Five-Year Plan: 2010-2015
  • 41. China Minmetals Tungsten Assets
  • 42. Chongyi Zhangyuan Tungsten Co. Revenue by Segment: 2010
  • 43. Chongyi Zhangyuan Tungsten Co. Corporate Structure
  • 44. : Chongyi Zhangyuan Tungsten Co. Value Chain
  • 45. Chongyi Zhangyuan Tungsten Co.'s Share of Production Quotas: 2010
  • 46. Chongyi Zhangyuan Tungsten Co.'s Share of Export Quotas: 2010
  • 47. Chongyi Zhangyuan Tungsten Co.'s Revenues and Gross Margins by Product: 2007-2013
  • 48. Chongyi Zhangyuan Tungsten Co.'s Gross Profits by Product (Rmb Million): 2007-2013
  • 49. Hunan Nonferrous Metals Gross Profits by Segment: 2009-2011
  • 50. Malaga Production at Pasto Bueno: 2011-2014
  • 51. Malaga Production Comparison To Its Peers
  • 52. Global Superhard Tips Sales Volume and Average Selling Price (JPY): 2004-2011
  • 53. Global Tooling Market Share by Company: 2011
  • 54. Global Mining Capital Expenditures by Company Type: 2001-2011
  • 55. Mining Equipment Competitive Landscape: 2011
  • 56. Xiamen Tungsten Co. Corporate Structure
  • 57. Xiamen Tungsten Co's Value Chain
  • 58. Xiamen Tungsten Co's Share of Production Quotas: 2010
  • 59. Xiamen Tungsten Co's Share of Export Quotas: 2010
  • 60. Xiamen Tungsten's Revenue and Gross Margins by Segment: 2006-2013
  • 61. Xiamen Tungsten's Gross Profits by Segment: 2006-2013

TABLES

  • 1. US Tungsten Statistics (Production, Consumptions, Exports, Imports, Prices, Stocks, End Uses) (Metric Tons, USD): 2006-2010
  • 2. US Government National Defense Stockpile (Ore/Concentrates, Metal Powder, Plan, Sales, Inventory) (Metric Tons): 2010
  • 3. US Net Production and Stocks of Tungsten Products (Metric Tons): 2009, 2010
  • 4. US Processors of Tungsten and Plant Locations: 2010
  • 5. US Consumption and Stocks of Tungsten Products by End Use and Form (Metric Tons): 2010
  • 6. US Exports of Tungsten Ores and Concentrates by Country (Metric Tons, USD): 2009, 2010
  • 7. US Exports of Ammonium Paratungstate by Country (Metric Tons, USD): 2009, 2010
  • 8. US exports of Tungsten Metal Powders by Country (Metric Tons, USD): 2009, 2010
  • 9. US Exports of Tungsten Carbide Powder by Country (Metric Tons, USD): 2009, 2010
  • 10. US Exports of Miscellaneous Tungsten-Bearing Materials by Country (Metric Tons, USD): 2009, 2010
  • 11. US Imports for Consumption of Tungsten Ores and Concentrates by Country (Metric Tons, USD): 2009, 2010
  • 12. US Imports for Consumption of Ammonium Paratungstate by Country (Metric Tons, USD): 2009, 2010
  • 13. US Imports for Consumption of Ferrotungsten and Ferrosilicon Tungsten by Country (Metric Tons, USD): 2009, 2010
  • 14. US Imports for Consumption of Miscellaneous Tungsten-Bearing Materials by Country US Imports for Consumption of: 2009, 2010
  • 15. World Tungsten Concentrate Production by Country (Metric Tons): 2006-2010
  • 16. Global Tungsten Production (Metric Tons), Unit Value ($/T), Market Value (USD), CAGR: 1905-2022
  • 17. Comparison of China's Tungsten and Rare Earth Industries
  • 18. Non-Chinese Tungsten Mine Profiles: 2011
  • 19. Chenzhou Mining Group's Resources Profile
  • 20. Chongyi Zhangyuan Tungsten Co. Mines Profiles (Reserves, Quota, Output): 2007-2010
  • 21. Chongyi Zhangyuan Tungsten Co.'s Output by Product (Tonnes, Rmb/Kg): 2008-2013
  • 22. Mitsubishi Materials Revenue and Profits by Segment: 2010-2014
  • 23. North American Tungsten Operating Results: 2011-2013
  • 24. Sandvik AB Corporate Snapshot: 2011
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