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Analyzing the Central and East European Wind Power Industry

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This publication has been discontinued on July 10, 2012.

Abstract

One of nature's most omnipresent sources of sustaining life air is also one of nature's most silent yet highly useful sources of energy for mankind. Wind is technically nothing more than moving air sometimes with considerable force from areas of high pressure to areas of low pressure and in this process it has the ability to become one of the biggest tools of satisfying environmentally sustainable energy consumption needs of industrialized economies. It is abundant, moderately easy to harvest and is a long term solution to many energy requirements. This natural resource though much under estimated at times has shown a promising future in many parts of the globe including Central and Eastern European areas.

Wind power is blowing well in the EU and in 2008. Three percent of all new capacity in the EU was from wind energy, exceeding all other technologies including gas, coal and nuclear power. The main driver is the EU-wide target that 20% of all energy should come from renewable sources by 2020. Like in the rest of Europe, this is driving growth in Eastern and Central Europe also.

Like its other EU regions, in 2008 the regions in Central and Eastern Europe joined in the wind power growth wagon wheel of the EU.

Hungary doubled its capacity to 127 megawatts (MW) and Bulgaria tripled its capacity to 158 MW. Other significant players include the Czech Republic with 150 MW, Lithuania with 54 MW and little Estonia with 78 MW. However, Poland's capacity jumped from 276 MW to 472 MW, or about 0.25% of its total energy consumption. And the government's ambitious plans call for wind generation to contribute a 2.3% share in domestic energy consumption by 2010. Currently, about 200 MW of new wind farm capacity is being built in Poland, with agreements for grid connection for an additional 4,000 MW.

Aruvian Research has identified the broad role being played by these areas in harnessing wind power and hence this report on Analyzing the Central and Eastern European Wind Power Industry provides a comprehensive encapsulated view of the wind power industry in these areas.

The report initiates with a complete theoretical ground building on wind power on its brief history as well as the harnessing mechanism for electricity through wind turbines and some of the markets.

As every energy solution cannot become a commercial success without some critical support factors this report also analyzes the Growth Drivers for wind power which support the logic for contribution of wind power into any country's energy pie and the need for growing that share of contribution based on various factors as climate change etc.

Further the report draws up a global picture of the wind power industry in a separate section wherein the global markets for wind power as structured in 2008 are explained and the world wide wind resources. The report also provides a complete pan continental view from Africa to Australia, North America thereby building a very comprehensive grasp of the global wind power industry in the back drop of policy orientations globally on this subject. In light of the recent volatility in the world economies the report also examines the industry in the light of recessionary phase of economic activity.

Coming to the core of the report on analyzing the Central and East European Wind power the report provides in detail the role of wind power in this entire geography on a country wise basis and the contribution of wind power to electricity generation in Central Europe at present. One of the key advancements made in Europe in offshore wind technology is also explained in this report which is also the contributing factor for rapid strides made by Europe in CO2 reductions and the role played by wind power is explained in this report.

In a commercial outlook this report provides a statistic on the wind power investments committed up to 2030 in Europe which can also be gauged by analyzing the growth potential of emerging markets and the major role being played by Austrian, Swiss, and German governments in the furthering of wind power. In a similar manner the report analyzes the Eastern European geography in a country-wise palette with Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Poland, Hungary, Romania, Russia, Ukraine among others which have been explained in detail.

In keeping with the overall picture of Wind power globally the report builds a clearer commercial picture of this industry by analyzing the major industry contributors globally which more or less make up the pie of wind industry power pie in the world.

In a unique section Aruvian Research's report also embarks on debunking some of the common myths associated with wind power and the myopic view that these myths plaster on the wind power industry. These are however very effectively presented in contrast to the facts of the wind power industry in this report.

Aruvian Research's report “Analyzing the Central and East European Wind Power Industry” is a comprehensive understanding of the Wind Power Industry in Central and Eastern Europe and also at the same time endeavors to increase the global consciousness towards this crucial industry which should not only remain the choice of energy matrix for some countries in the Europe but should become an environmentally sustainable lifestyle for all humanity in the global panorama for the future.

Table of Contents

Executive Summary

A. Introduction to Wind Power

  • A.1 A Clean Green Energy - Wind Power
    • A.1.1 What is Wind Power?
    • A.1.2 How does it Work?
  • A.2 Brief History of Wind Power
  • A.3 Electricity from Wind
  • A.4 How do Wind Turbines Work?
  • A.5 Wind Power Technology
  • A.6 Wind Power Markets
  • A.7 Accommodating the Variable Nature of Wind Power
  • A.8 Environmental Impact

B. Growth Drivers for Wind Energy

  • B.1 Supply Security
  • B.2 Environmental Potential
  • B.3 Climate Change & Wind Power
    • B.3.1 Clean Development Mechanism
    • B.3.2 Wind Energy CDM Projects
  • B.4 Economic Feasibility
  • B.5 Employment & Development of Rural Areas
  • B.6 Renewable Quotas
  • B.7 Technology

C. The Global Wind Market

  • C.1 Present-day Market Scenario
  • C.2 General Situation
  • C.3 Leading Wind Markets in 2008
  • C.4 Increasing Growth Rates
  • C.5 Looking at Continental Distribution
  • C.6 World Wind Resources
  • C.7 Looking at Africa
  • C.8 Looking at Asia
  • C.9 Looking at Australia and Oceania
  • C.10 Looking at Europe
  • C.11 Looking at Latin America
  • C.12 Looking at North America
  • C.13 The Future Scenario
    • C.13.1 Rising Importance of Wind Energy
    • C.13.2 Global Outlook Scenarios
    • C.13.3 Costs & Benefits
    • C.13.4 Investment
    • C.13.5 Generation Costs
    • C.13.6 Employment
    • C.13.7 Wind Energy Outlook from Energy Watch Group
    • C.13.8 Global Wind Turbine Market

D. Looking at Global Policies

  • D.1 Analysis of the Kyoto Protocol & Post 2012 Reductions Framework
  • D.2 Changes in Export Credit Agencies, Multi-Lateral Development Banks & International Finance Institutions

E. Developing Wind Energy in Times of Recession

F. Global Wind Industry & the Financial Crisis

  • F.1 Fall in Demand
  • F.2 High Cost of Capital

G. Analyzing European Wind Power

  • G.1 Industry Overview
  • G.2 Market Statistics
  • G.3 Contribution of Wind Power to Electricity Generation

H. Greenhouse Gas Emissions in Europe

  • H.1 CO2 Reductions from Wind Power

I. Wind Energy Investments up to 2030

J. Offshore Wind in Europe

K. Key Elements for Wind Energy Markets in Europe

  • K.1 Growing Potential in Emerging Markets

L. Analyzing Wind Power in Central Europe

  • L.1 Industry Overview
  • L.2 Country-wise Analysis
  • L.3 Austria
    • L.3.1 Wind Energy in Austria
    • L.3.2 Renewable Energy in Austria
    • L.3.3 Austria and Renewable Energy Target of EU
  • L.4 Germany
    • L.4.1 Wind Energy in Germany
    • L.4.2 Offshore Statistics: (Updated Jan 2009)
    • L.4.3 German Government Plans
    • L.4.4 Regional and Local Employment
    • L.4.5 Germany and Renewable Energy Target of EU
    • L.4.6 Major Wind Farms in Germany
      • L.4.6.1 BARD Offshore 1
      • L.4.6.2 Baltic 1 Offshore Wind Farm
      • L.4.6.3 Borkum Riffgat
      • L.4.6.4 Innogy Nordsee 1
  • L.5 Slovenia
  • L.6 Switzerland
    • L.6.1 Wind Energy in Switzerland
    • L.6.2 Environmental Barriers
    • L.6.3 Technological Developments
    • L.6.4 Market Access
    • L.6.5 Switzerland's Environmental Policy
    • L.6.6 International Trade and Wind Power
    • L.6.7 Unstable Supply of Wind
    • L.6.8 Future Perspective

M. Analyzing Wind Power in Eastern Europe

  • M.1 Industry Overview
  • M.2 Country-wise Analysis
  • M.3 Bulgaria
    • M.3.1 Wind Energy in Bulgaria
    • M.3.2 Bulgaria and Renewable Energy Target of EU
    • M.3.3 Latest Developments
    • M.3.4 Major Wind Farms in Bulgaria
      • M.3.4.1 Dobrin Wind Farm
      • M.3.4.2 Kavarna Wind Farm
      • M.3.4.3 Plambeck Bulgarian Wind Farm
  • M.4 Croatia
    • M.4.1 Wind Energy in Croatia
  • M.5 Czech Republic
    • M.5.1 Wind Energy in Czech Republic
    • M.5.2 Czech Republic and Renewable Energy Target of EU
  • M.6 Poland
    • M.6.1 Wind Energy in Poland
    • M.6.2 Offshore Statistics: (Updated Jan 2009)
    • M.6.3 Polish Government Plans
    • M.6.4 Poland and Renewable Energy Target of EU
  • M.7 Hungary
    • M.7.1 Wind Energy in Hungary
    • M.7.2 Hungary and Renewable Energy Target of EU
    • M.7.3 Latest Developments
  • M.8 Romania
    • M.8.1 Wind Energy in Romania
    • M.8.2 Offshore Wind in Romania
    • M.8.3 Regulatory Framework
    • M.8.4 Romania and Renewable Energy Target of EU
    • M.8.5 Major Wind Farms in Romania
      • M.8.5.1 Enel Agichiol Wind Farm
      • M.8.5.2 Eolica Baia Wind Farm
      • M.8.5.3 Eolica Beidaud Wind Farm
      • M.8.5.4 Eolica Casimcea Wind Farm
      • M.8.5.5 Eolica Cogealac Wind Farm
      • M.8.5.6 Eolica Sacele Wind Farm
      • M.8.5.7 Fântânele Wind Farm
      • M.8.5.8 Mariselu Wind Farm
      • M.8.5.9 Sinus Holding Wind Farm
      • M.8.5.10 Tomis Team Dobrogea Wind Farm
  • M.9 Russia
    • M.9.1 Wind Energy in Russia
    • M.9.2 Latest Developments
  • M.10 Ukraine
    • M.10.1 Wind Energy in Ukraine
    • M.10.2 Regulatory Framework
  • M.11 Others
    • M.11.1 Belarus
    • M.11.2 Moldova
    • M.11.3 Slovakia

N. Leading Industry Contributors - Global

  • N.1 ACCIONA Energy
  • N.2 Airtricity
  • N.3 Bonus Energy
  • N.4 Cielo Wind Power
  • N.5 DeWind
  • N.6 Ecotecnia
  • N.7 EDF Energies Nouvelles
  • N.8 Enercon
  • N.9 Energia Hidroelectrica de Navarra (EHN)
  • N.10 Eurus Energy
  • N.11 FPL Energy
  • N.12 Fuhrlander
  • N.13 Gamesa Eolica
  • N.14 GE Energy
  • N.15 Horizon Wind Energy
  • N.16 Invenergy
  • N.17 Mitsubishi Heavy Industries
  • N.18 NEG Micon
  • N.19 Nordex
  • N.20 PPM Energy
  • N.21 REpower Systems
  • N.22 ScanWind
  • N.23 Shell Renewables
  • N.24 Siemens
  • N.25 Suzlon
  • N.26 TransCanada
  • N.27 UPC Wind
  • N.28 Vestas
  • N.29 VisionQuest Windelectric
  • N.30 Western Wind Energy
  • N.31 Wind Prospect
  • N.32 Windtec GmBH
  • N.33 WKN Windkraft Nord

O. Debunking Wind Myths

  • O.1 The Myth: “Wind Power is Expensive”
  • O.2 The Myth: “Wind Power Harms the Environment
  • O.3 The Myth: “Wind Power is Unreliable and Always needs Back-up”
  • O.4 The Myth: “Wind Power is Highly Subsidized”

P. Appendix

Q. Glossary of Terms

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