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The Pet Industry: Food, Accessories, Health Products & Services

Abstract

THIS REPORT

  • Detailed analysis of the U.S. pet industry market, including data for 2008, estimates for 2009, and a 5-year market forecast, with compound annual growth rates (CAGRs) through 2014
  • Analysis of market trends and developments
  • Review of recent technology
  • A discussion of markets, trends, and technology on a global level
  • Profiles of the major companies in the industry and a patent analysis.

INTRODUCTION

REASONS FOR DOING THIS STUDY

The pet industry is a major segment of the U.S. economy. In 2008, American pet owners spent more than $43 billion on their small companions, and in 2009, this figure is expected to surpass $45 billion. Since BCC published its last report on the pet industry in 2006, continued growth in all segments of the pet industry has provided an opportunity for both existing players and new entrants. A growing number of players, as well as consolidation among manufacturers, retailers, and service providers, and globalization of the American economy have transformed the maturing pet industry into a dynamic, highly competitive environment. This BCC Research report analyzes these new developments and their potential impact on the future of the pet industry.

OBJECTIVES OF THIS STUDY AND ITS CONTRIBUTION

The objective of this research is to provide a comprehensive analysis of all segments of the pet industry in the U.S. and to forecast future trends. The study analyzes developments in all animal segments, including bird, fish, small mammal, and reptile products. Due to the increasing importance of international markets for U.S. manufacturers and retailers, the report includes an analysis of global trends, with an overview of key export markets for U.S. pet products.

INTENDED AUDIENCE

The report is intended for executives and consultants in the pet food, pet supplies, veterinary, and other pet services segments of the pet industry. It will also be of interest to financial analysts, venture capitalists, and investors.

SCOPE AND CONTENT OF THE REPORT

This report covers the market for pet food, pet services, and pet supplies in the U.S. and analyzes major foreign markets for U.S. pet products. The report is divided into the following eight sections:

  • Introduction
  • Summary
  • Pets and Their Owners
  • Pet Industry Overview
  • Pet Food Segment
  • Pet Services Segment
  • Pet Supplies Segment
  • International Aspects

In addition, the report contains an appendix listing the major trade and professional organizations that are concerned with the pet care industry in the United States and selected foreign markets.

METHODOLOGY AND INFORMATION SOURCES

BCC analyzed historical growth trends in the U.S. pet population and developed a simple pet demographic model to projects future population trends. BCC also analyzed historical trends in the market for pet care products and services in the context of pet population trends and other variables, such as economics, consumer trends, competition, and price pressures. Based on its analysis, BCC projected the future market for each major segment and subsegment of the U.S. pet care industry through 2014.

The data on which these projections are based are, in some cases, open to different interpretations. Therefore, BCC has made a point of documenting its analytical assumptions and methodologies as explicitly as possible in order to enable readers to evaluate them and test the impact of substituting alternative assumptions.

In preparing this report, BCC obtained and analyzed information from trade and mainstream publications, industry and pet ownership surveys, company directories and databases, annual reports, and government sources. The U.S. Government Census, Consumer Expenditure Surveys from Bureau of Labor Statistics, and U.S. Department of Commerce provided demographic, consumer expenditure trends, and foreign trade data. Personal interviews were conducted with representatives from major companies, U.S. trade associations and publications, industry experts, and government officials. Foreign government offices, trade associations, and trade publications were contacted for information on international markets.

Table of Contents

Chapter- 1: INTRODUCTION -- Complimentary 4

  • REASONS FOR THIS STUDY AND ITS IMPORTANCE 1
  • OBJECTIVES OF THIS STUDY AND ITS CONTRIBUTION 1
  • THE AUDIENCE FOR THIS REPORT 1
  • SCOPE AND CONTENT OF THE REPORT 1
  • METHODOLOGY AND INFORMATION SOURCES 2
  • ANALYST' S CREDENTIALS 2
  • RELATED BCC REPORTS 3
  • BCC ONLINE SERVICES 3
  • DISCLAIMER 4

Chapter-2: EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 2

  • SUMMARY TABLE PET CARE PRODUCTS AND SERVICES: CURRENT AND PROJECTED U.S. SALES BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2014 ($ MILLIONS) 5
  • SUMMARY FIGURE PET CARE PRODUCTS AND SERVICES: CURRENT AND PROJECTED U.S. SALES BY SEGMENT, 2008-2014 ($ MILLIONS) 6

Chapter-3: PETS AND THEIR OWNERS 16

  • DEFINITION OF PETS 7
  • PET OWNERSHIP TRENDS IN THE U.S. 7
  • HISTORICAL TRENDS 7
  • TABLE 1 U.S. HOUSEHOLDS OWNING PETS BY TYPE, THROUGH 2008 (MILLIONS) 7
  • TABLE 2 U.S. PET POPULATION BY TYPE, THROUGH 2008 (MILLIONS) 8
  • DOGS AND DOG OWNERS 9
  • TABLE 3 TOP 10 DOG BREEDS REGISTERED BY THE AMERICAN KENNEL CLUB, 2008 9
  • Profile of Dog Owners 9
  • TABLE 4 DEMOGRAPHIC CHARACTERISTICS OF DOG OWNERS (%) 10
  • CATS AND CAT OWNERS 10
  • TABLE 5 TOP 10 CAT BREEDS REGISTERED BY CAT FANCIER' S ASSOCIATION, 2008 11
  • Profile of Cat Owners 11
  • TABLE 6 DEMOGRAPHIC CHARACTERISTICS OF CAT OWNERS (%) 12
  • FISH AND FISH OWNERS 12
  • TABLE 7 MOST POPULAR FRESHWATER FISH 12
  • TABLE 8 MOST POPULAR MARINE FISH 13
  • Profile of Fish Owners 13
  • BIRDS AND BIRD OWNERS 13
  • TABLE 9 MOST POPULAR PET BIRDS 13
  • Profile of Bird Owners 14
  • SMALL MAMMALS AND THEIR OWNERS 14
  • TABLE 10 MOST POPULAR SMALL MAMMAL SPECIES 14
  • REPTILES AND AMPHIBIANS AND THEIR OWNERS 15
  • TABLE 11 MOST POPULAR SPECIES OF REPTILES AND AMPHIBIANS 15
  • PROJECTIONS 15
  • TABLE 12 PROJECTED NUMBER OF PET-OWNING HOUSEHOLDS AND REAL PER-CAPITA INCOME, THROUGH 2014 16
  • TABLE 13 PROJECTED GROWTH IN THE POPULATION OF SPECIFIC TYPES OF PETS, THROUGH 2008 16
  • CONSUMER EXPENDITURES ON PETS 17
  • ANNUAL EXPENDITURES BY AGE GROUP 17
  • TABLE 14 SHARE OF AVERAGE ANNUAL EXPENDITURES ON PETS BY AGE GROUP, 1998 AND 2008 (%) 17
  • AVERAGE ANNUAL EXPENDITURE BY HOUSEHOLD TYPE 17
  • TABLE 15 SHARE OF AVERAGE TOTAL EXPENDITURES ON PETS, BY HOUSEHOLD TYPE, 1998 AND 2008 (%) 18
  • AVERAGE ANNUAL EXPENDITURE BY HOUSEHOLD INCOME 18
  • TABLE 16 AVERAGE SHARE OF TOTAL EXPENDITURES ON PETS, BY HOUSEHOLD INCOME, 1998 AND 2008 (%) 18
  • AVERAGE ANNUAL EXPENDITURE, HOMEOWNERS VERSUS RENTERS 19
  • TABLE 17 AVERAGE SHARE OF TOTAL EXPENDITURES ON PETS: HOMEOWNERS VS. RENTERS, 1998 AND 2008 (%) 19
  • PROFILE OF THE BEST CUSTOMER 19
  • DEMOGRAPHIC TRENDS - AGE 19
  • DEMOGRAPHIC TRENDS - HOUSEHOLD TYPES 20
  • DEMOGRAPHIC TRENDS - HOME OWNERSHIP 20
  • DEMOGRAPHIC TRENDS - INCOME 20
  • CONSUMER ATTITUDES TOWARD PETS 21
  • CONSUMER ATTITUDES TOWARD PETS (CONTINUED) 22

Chapter-4: PET INDUSTRY OVERVIEW 21

  • SUMMARY 23
  • FIGURE 1 U.S. EXPENDITURES ON PETS BY SEGMENT, 2008 (PERCENT OF TOTAL EXPENDITURES) 23
  • TABLE 18 PET INDUSTRY: CURRENT AND PROJECTED SALES BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2014 ($ MILLIONS) 24
  • FORCES SHAPING THE INDUSTRY 24
  • CONSOLIDATION AND BRAND RATIONALIZATION 24
  • Consolidation 24
  • Brand Rationalization 25
  • Recent M & A Transactions 26
  • TABLE 19 MAJOR ACQUISITIONS AND MERGERS IN THE PET INDUSTRY, 2000-2008 27
  • CHANGING RETAIL DYNAMICS 27
  • TABLE 20 AVERAGE SIZE OF PET DEPARTMENTS IN PRIMARY RETAIL OUTLETS 28
  • SUPERSTORES REGROUP TO CAPITALIZE ON CONSUMER MOVE TOWARD THE HIGHER END OF THE MARKET AND THE PET PAMPERING TENDENCY 28
  • TABLE 21 PETSMART AND PETCO FINANCIAL AND OTHER PERFORMANCE INDICATORS* 29
  • TABLE 22 PETSMART AND PETCO SALES PERFORMANCE, 2002-2008 ($ BILLIONS) 30
  • FIGURE 2 PETSMART AND PETCO SALES TRENDS, 2002-2008 ($ BILLIONS) 30
  • FIGURE 3 PETSMART AND PETCO NUMBER OF STORES IN THE U.S., 2002-2008 31
  • PetSmart, Inc. 31
  • TABLE 23 PETSMART SALES AND COMPARABLE STORE SALES INCREASES, THROUGH 2008 ($ MILLIONS/%) 32
  • PETCO 33
  • TABLE 24 PETCO, INC. U.S. SALES AND COMPARABLE STORE SALES INCREASES, THROUGH 2006 ($ MILLIONS/%) 33
  • SUPERMARKETS REMAIN IMPORTANT OUTLETS, ALTHOUGH SHARE DETERIORATES 34
  • MASS MERCHANDISERS CAPTURE SHARE AS PET CARE BECOMES A KEY CATEGORY 35
  • INDEPENDENTS SQUEEZED BY INTENSIFIED COMPETITION AND FALLING PROFIT MARGINS 36
  • TABLE 25 INDEPENDENT PET STORE SELECTED PERFORMANCE INDICATORS, 2000 AND 2007 36
  • RETAILERS ARE RELYING INCREASINGLY ON PRIVATE LABELS TO DIFFERENTIATE THEMSELVES FROM THEIR COMPETITION 37
  • E-COMMERCE STILL A FACTOR; BRICK-AND-MORTAR RETAILERS ARE THE BIGGEST ONLINE SELLERS 37
  • GROWING INTEREST IN PET HEALTH CARE 38
  • GROWING SYNERGY BETWEEN ALL PET CARE SECTORS LEADS TO THE EMERGENCE OF THE TOTAL PET CARE CONCEPT 39
  • PetSmart 39
  • PETCO 39
  • VCA Antech 40
  • Product Manufacturers Expand 40
  • GLOBALIZATION LEADS TO PRESSURE FOR HARMONIZATION OF REGULATORY REQUIREMENTS IN MAJOR WORLD MARKETS 41
  • National Research Council 41
  • American Association of Feed Control Officials 41
  • Major Differences in EU, U.S., and Japan Approaches 42
  • Major Differences in ... (Continued) 43

Chapter-5: PET FOOD 41

  • SUMMARY 44
  • TABLE 26 CURRENT SALES AND FORECASTS FOR PET FOOD BY PET TYPE, THROUGH 2014 ($ BILLIONS) 44
  • FIGURE 4 PET FOOD MARKET BY TYPE OF PET, 2008 AND 2014 (%) 45
  • DOG AND CAT FOOD 46
  • MAJOR MARKET SEGMENT 46
  • Dog Food 46
  • TABLE 27 HISTORICAL TRENDS IN DOG FOOD SALES, THROUGH 2008 ($ MILLIONS) 47
  • FIGURE 5 TRENDS IN DOG FOOD PRODUCT SEGMENTS, 2003 AND 2008 (PERCENT OF TOTAL SALES) 47
  • FIGURE 5 (CONTINUED) 48
  • TABLE 28 ANNUAL SALES OF DOG FOOD BY PRODUCT TYPE, THROUGH 2014 ($ MILLIONS) 48
  • Dry Dog Food 49
  • Dog Treats 49
  • Canned Food 50
  • Cat Food 50
  • TABLE 29 HISTORICAL TRENDS IN CAT FOOD SALES, THROUGH 2008 ($ MILLIONS) 50
  • FIGURE 6 TRENDS IN CAT FOOD PRODUCT SEGMENTS, 2003 AND 2008 (PERCENT OF TOTAL SALES) 51
  • TABLE 30 ANNUAL SALES OF CAT FOOD BY PRODUCT TYPE, THROUGH 2014 ($ MILLIONS) 52
  • Canned Food 52
  • Dry Food 53
  • Treats 53
  • Premium and Super-Premium Foods 53
  • Premium and ... (Continued) 54
  • TABLE 31 U.S. SALES OF PREMIUM AND SUPER-PREMIUM PET FOODS, THROUGH 2014 ($ BILLIONS) 55
  • FIGURE 7 TRENDS IN PREMIUM AND SUPER-PREMIUM PET FOOD SALES, 2008-2014 ($ BILLIONS) 55
  • Private Label Foods 56
  • Natural and Organic Pet Food Products 56
  • Natural and ... (Continued) 57
  • TABLE 32 MARKET FOR ORGANIC AND NATURAL DOG AND CAT FOODS, THROUGH 2014 ($ MILLIONS) 58
  • OTHER MARKET DEVELOPMENTS 58
  • Innovative Functional Food Ingredients 58
  • Nutraceuticals 59
  • Novel Functional Ingredients 59
  • Growing Interest in Controlling Obesity 60
  • Life-Stage-Specific Foods 61
  • New Packaging Trends 61
  • DISTRIBUTION CHANNELS 62
  • FIGURE 8 MARKET SHARES OF DOG AND CAT FOODS BY DISTRIBUTION CHANNEL, 2008 (%) 63
  • DOG AND CAT FOOD MANUFACTURERS 64
  • FIGURE 9 U.S. MARKET SHARES OF LARGEST DOG AND CAT FOOD MANUFACTURERS, 2008 (%) 64
  • FIGURE 9 (CONTINUED) 65
  • Nestle Purina PetCare 65
  • Iams 66
  • Del Monte Foods 66
  • Hill' s Pet Nutrition Co. 67
  • Mars 67
  • OTHER PET FOODS 68
  • BIRD AND SMALL MAMMAL FOOD 68
  • Bird Food 68
  • TABLE 33 BIRD FOOD SALES, THROUGH 2014 ($ MILLIONS) 69
  • FIGURE 10 BIRD FOOD SALES, 2008-2014 ($ MILLIONS) 69
  • Small Mammal Food 69
  • TABLE 34 SMALL MAMMAL FOOD SALES, THROUGH 2014 ($ MILLIONS) 70
  • FIGURE 11 SMALL MAMMAL FOOD SALES, 2008-2014 ($ MILLIONS) 70
  • Other Market Trends 70
  • Bird and Small Mammal Food Manufacturers 71
  • Central Garden & Pet Co. 71
  • Hartz Mountain 72
  • FISH FOOD 72
  • TABLE 35 FISH FOOD SALES, THROUGH 2014 ($ MILLIONS) 73
  • FIGURE 12 FISH FOOD SALES, 2008-2014 ($ MILLIONS) 73
  • Fish Food Manufacturers 73
  • Tetra 74
  • REPTILE FOOD 74
  • TABLE 36 REPTILE FOOD SALES, THROUGH 2014 ($ MILLIONS) 75
  • FIGURE 13 REPTILE FOOD SALES, 2008-2014 ($ MILLIONS) 75
  • PRODUCT TRENDS IN OTHER PET FOODS 75
  • DISTRIBUTION CHANNELS 76
  • FIGURE 14 MARKET SHARES OF OTHER PET FOODS BY DISTRIBUTION CHANNEL, 2008 (%) 76
  • REGULATION OF THE PET FOOD INDUSTRY 77
  • FEDERAL REGULATIONS 77
  • Regulation Intended to Enhance Food Supply Chain Security 78
  • Prior Notice 78
  • Registration 79
  • Manufacture and Labeling of Raw Meat Foods 79
  • Manufacture and ... (Continued) 80
  • Manufacture and ... (Continued) 81
  • AAFCO REGULATIONS 82
  • AAFCO Labeling Regulations 82
  • The 95 Percent Rule 82
  • The 25 Percent Rule 83
  • The Three Percent Rule 83
  • The Flavor Rule 83
  • AAFCO Nutritional Adequacy Statement Requirements 83
  • Recent AAFCO Regulations 83
  • STATE REGULATIONS 84

Chapter-6: PET SERVICES 24

  • SUMMARY 85
  • TABLE 37 CURRENT SALES AND FORECASTS FOR PET SERVICES BY TYPE, THROUGH 2014 ($ MILLIONS) 85
  • VETERINARY SERVICES 85
  • TABLE 38 CONSUMER EXPENDITURES ON VETERINARY SERVICES, THROUGH 2014 ($ MILLIONS) 86
  • INDUSTRY STRUCTURE 86
  • FIGURE 15 DISTRIBUTION OF U.S. PRIVATE VETERINARY PRACTICES BY SALES VOLUME, 2008 (%) 87
  • FIGURE 16 DISTRIBUTION OF U.S. PRIVATE VETERINARY PRACTICES BY NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES, 2008 (%) 88
  • CONSOLIDATION 89
  • National and Regional Chain Expansion 89
  • Consolidation Factors 89
  • Impact of Consolidation on Veterinary Services 90
  • VCA Antech, Inc. (Formerly Veterinary Centers of America, Inc.) 91
  • Company Overview 91
  • Company ...(Continued) 92
  • TRENDS IN VETERINARY SERVICES 93
  • Continuing Specialization of Veterinary Services 93
  • Increasing Need for Senior Health Care and Critical Care 94
  • Pet Health Insurance 94
  • Pet Health ... (Continued) 95
  • Pet HMOs 96
  • Entry of Pet Superstores into the Veterinary Market 97
  • REGULATION OF VETERINARY PRACTICES AND VETERINARY MEDICINE 98
  • The Animal Drug Availability Act 98
  • Animal Medicinal Drug Use Clarification Act 99
  • Regulations on Dispensing Veterinary Prescription Drugs 100
  • OTHER PET SERVICES 100
  • FIGURE 17 MARKET SHARE OF THE OTHER PET SERVICES SEGMENT, 2008 (%) 101
  • TABLE 39 CONSUMER EXPENDITURES ON OTHER PET SERVICES, THROUGH 2014 ($) 102
  • PROFILE OF PET SERVICE USERS 102
  • GROOMING AND BOARDING SERVICES 102
  • Overview of the Boarding and Grooming Businesses 103
  • Demand for Grooming Services Has Continued to Grow in Recent Years 103
  • Upscale Full-Range Establishments Flourish Despite Economic Slowdown 103
  • Upscale ... (Continued) 104
  • DOG TRAINING SERVICES 105
  • Overview of Dog Training Businesses 105
  • BREEDING SERVICES 106
  • Overview of the Breeding Business 106
  • PET-SITTING SERVICES 106
  • Overview of the Pet-Sitting Businesses 107
  • CONSOLIDATION OF THE PET SERVICES SEGMENT 107
  • One-Stop Shopping for Pet Services 108
  • Market Drivers 108

Chapter-7: PET SUPPLIES 29

  • SUMMARY 109
  • TABLE 40 GROWTH IN SALES OF PET SUPPLIES VS. INCREASE IN PET POPULATION, THROUGH 2008 ($ MILLIONS) 109
  • FIGURE 18 MARKET SHARES OF PET SUPPLIES BY ANIMAL TYPE, 2008 (%) 110
  • TABLE 41 PROJECTED GROWTH RATE OF TARGET PET POPULATION AND SUPPLIES, 2008-2014 (%) 111
  • TABLE 42 CONSUMER EXPENDITURES ON PET SUPPLIES, THROUGH 2014 ($) 111
  • DEFINITION OF PET SUPPLIES BY PRODUCT CATEGORY 112
  • CONSUMER EXPENDITURES ON PET SUPPLIES 113
  • FIGURE 19 CONSUMER EXPENDITURES ON PET SUPPLIES, 1998-2008 ($ MILLIONS) 113
  • PET SUPPLIES SECTOR STRUCTURE 113
  • HARTZ MOUNTAIN CORP. 114
  • DOG AND CAT SUPPLIES 115
  • FIGURE 20 MARKET SHARES OF DOG AND CAT SUPPLIES BY PRODUCT CATEGORY, 2008 (%) 115
  • CAT LITTER 116
  • FIGURE 21 MARKET SHARES OF THE CAT LITTER MARKET, 2008 (%) 117
  • Leading Marketers in the Segment 117
  • Nestle Purina 117
  • Clorox Co. 118
  • Oil-Dri Corp. of America 118
  • American Colloid 118
  • Recent Product Trends 119
  • FIGURE 22 CAT LITTER MARKET BY TYPE, 2008 (%) 119
  • FIGURE 22 (CONTINUED) 120
  • OTHER DOG AND CAT ACCESSORIES 120
  • FIGURE 23 MARKET SHARES OF DOG AND CAT ACCESSORIES BY PRODUCT TYPE, 2008 (%) 121
  • DOG AND CAT TOYS/GIFTS 122
  • FIGURE 24 MARKET SHARES OF DOG AND CAT TOYS/GIFTS BY PRODUCT TYPE, 2008 (%) 123
  • FLEA AND TICK PRODUCTS 123
  • DISTRIBUTION CHANNELS 124
  • FIGURE 25 MARKET SHARES OF DOG AND CAT SUPPLIES BY DISTRIBUTION CHANNEL, 2008 (%) 125
  • FISH SUPPLIES 126
  • FIGURE 26 MARKET SHARES OF FISH SUPPLIES BY PRODUCT CATEGORY, 2008 (%) 126
  • BIRD SUPPLIES 127
  • FIGURE 27 MARKET SHARES OF BIRD SUPPLIES BY PRODUCT CATEGORY, 2008 (%) 127
  • SMALL MAMMAL AND REPTILE SUPPLIES 128
  • FIGURE 28 MARKET SHARES FOR SMALL MAMMAL SUPPLIES BY PRODUCT CATEGORY, 2008 (%) 128
  • FIGURE 28 (CONTINUED) 129
  • FIGURE 29 MARKET SHARES FOR REPTILE SUPPLIES BY PRODUCT CATEGORY, 2008 (%) 129
  • CONSUMER TRENDS IN PET SUPPLIES 130
  • TRENDS IN THE DISTRIBUTION CHANNELS 131
  • MASS MERCHANDISERS 132
  • PET SUPERSTORES 132
  • SUPERMARKETS 133
  • INDEPENDENTS 134
  • GOVERNMENT REGULATION 134
  • FDA 135
  • Animal Drug Regulation 135
  • EPA 136
  • 1998 EPA Health Effects Test Guidelines for Companion Animal Safety 136
  • 1996 EPA Regulations Concerning Improved Label Directions for Dog and Cat Pesticide Products 137

Chapter-8: INTERNATIONAL ASPECTS 15

  • GLOBALIZATION OF PET CARE MARKETS 138
  • GLOBAL MARKET FOR PET FOOD AND SUPPLIES 139
  • GLOBAL MARKET FOR PET FOOD AND PET SUPPLIES 139
  • TABLE 43 GLOBAL MARKET FOR PET FOOD AND PET SUPPLIES BY SECTOR, 2008 ($ MILLIONS) 139
  • OVERVIEW OF GLOBAL MARKET FOR PET FOOD 139
  • FIGURE 30 GLOBAL PET FOOD MARKET BY REGION, 2008 (% BASED ON VOLUME) 140
  • TABLE 44 GLOBAL PET FOOD MARKET TRENDS BY REGION, THROUGH 2014 ($ BILLIONS AND PERCENTAGE SHARE) 141
  • FIGURE 31 GLOBAL PET FOOD MARKET BY SECTOR, 2008 (%) 141
  • FIGURE 31 (CONTINUED) 142
  • PET FOOD EXPORTS FROM THE U.S. 142
  • Dog and Cat Food 142
  • TABLE 45 TRENDS IN U.S. DOG AND CAT FOOD EXPORTS, THROUGH 2008 ($ MILLIONS) 142
  • TABLE 46 U.S. DOG AND CAT FOOD TOP EXPORT DESTINATIONS AND SHARE OF TOTAL EXPORTS, THROUGH 2008 ($ MILLIONS/PERCENTAGE SHARE) 143
  • PET FOOD IMPORTS 143
  • Dog and Cat Food 143
  • TABLE 47 TRENDS IN U.S. DOG AND CAT FOOD IMPORTS, THROUGH 2008 ($ MILLIONS) 143
  • SELECTED MAJOR MARKETS 144
  • CANADA 144
  • ITALY 145
  • JAPAN 146
  • Japan (Continued) 147
  • Japan (Continued) 148
  • APPENDIX: U.S.-BASED PET INDUSTRY ASSOCIATIONS AND FOREIGN-BASED PET INDUSTRY ASSOCIATIONS 149
  • TABLE 48 U.S.-BASED PET INDUSTRY ASSOCIATIONS 149
  • TABLE 48 (CONTINUED) 150
  • TABLE 48 (CONTINUED) 151
  • TABLE 49 FOREIGN-BASED PET INDUSTRY ASSOCIATIONS 151
  • TABLE 49 (CONTINUED) 152
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