• Japanese
  • Korean
  • Chinese
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Global Markets and Technologies for Carbon Nanotubes

REPORT HIGHLIGHTS

The global market for CNT primary grades was $158.6 million in 2014. This market is projected to reach $167.9 million in 2015 and $670.6 million in 2019, with a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 33.4% from 2014 to 2019.

This report provides:

  • An overview of the global markets and technologies for carbon nanotubes (CNTs).
  • Analyses of global market trends, with data from 2013, estimates for 2014, and projections of compound annual growth rates (CAGRs) through 2019.
  • Information on the history, production methodology, and unique properties of various forms of CNTs.
  • Emphasis on major application challenges CNTs face.
  • Examination of the market's dynamics, specifically growth drivers, restraints, and opportunities.
  • Assessments of the latest progress and the technical readiness of major application sectors including composites, electronics, energy storage, membranes, sensors, and other applications.
  • An extensive search/analysis of U.S. issued and pending patents (along with Canadian, European and WPTO databases where there is no USPTO presence.
  • Details concerning the competitive landscape and the industry's structure, as well as profiles of major players in the carbon nanotube industry.

SCOPE OF REPORT

Following the Introduction and Executive Summary chapters, this updated report is then divided into nine major chapters as described below.

Chapter Three, Technology Overview, defines CNTs, outlines their history, describes the production methodology, identifies the unique properties of various forms of CNTs and emphasizes the major application challenges.

Chapter Four, Patent Analysis, provides an extensive search/analysis of U.S. issued and pending patents (along with Canadian, European, and World Patent & Trademark Office databases where there is no USPTO presence) and a collation of the main technical/application sectors and identifies the most active organizations-U.S. and foreign-driving CNT technology.

Chapter Five, Industry Structure and Competitive Analysis, identifies current producers, progress in continuous production scale-up, and market segmentation, and provides industry profiles of the major players.

Chapter Six, Markets by Application, represents the body of the report, assessing the latest progress and technical readiness in the major application sectors of composites, electronics, energy storage, membranes, sensors and other applications.

Chapter Seven, Global Market Analysis, estimates five-year potential revenues of all notable CNT producers.

Chapter Eight, North American Market Analysis, estimates five-year potential revenues of U.S. and Canadian CNT producers.

Chapter Nine, European Market Analysis, estimates five-year potential revenues of European CNT producers.

Chapter Ten, Asian Market Analysis, estimates five-year potential revenues of Asian CNT producers.

Chapter Eleven, Market Pull: Prognosis for Global CNT Applications, identifies the most promising applications realizable based on the leading proponents, technical readiness and market interest.

AUTHOR'S CREDENTIALS

John Oliver, the author of this report, is the founder of Innov8 Solutions, which provides advanced materials consultation services to industrial clients. He has more than 30 years of industrial R&D experience in surface and colloid science spanning a wide range of materials technology. Working primarily as a senior scientist at Xerox Research Centre of Canada, he developed an invaluable understanding in advanced materials used in digital printing technologies such as xerography and inkjet printing (IJP). In the past 12 years, through his involvements with the Alberta Research Council and several Alberta universities, his interests have evolved into the realm of nanomaterials and microsystems device integration. He has a Ph.D. in Physical Chemistry from McGill University and a B.Sc. degree in Chemistry from Surrey University, U.K. His publications include more than 40 technical peer-reviewed technical articles and 20 patents. Between 2005 and 2009, he was the editor of BCC Research's monthly Nanoparticle News and has authored eight previous BCC Research nanomaterial technical reports.

Table of Contents

CHAPTER 1 - INTRODUCTION

  • MOTIVATION
  • OBJECTIVES AND PURPOSE OF THIS REPORT
  • SCOPE OF REPORT
  • CONTRIBUTION OF THE STUDY AND TARGET AUDIENCE
  • METHODOLOGY AND SOURCES OF INFORMATION
  • AUTHOR'S CREDENTIALS
  • RELATED BCC RESEARCH REPORTS
  • BCC RESEARCH WEBSITE
  • DISCLAIMER

CHAPTER 2 - EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

  • SUMMARY TABLE: GLOBAL MARKET FOR CNT PRIMARY GRADES BASED ON COMMITTED PRODUCTION ESTIMATES, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
  • SUMMARY FIGURE: GLOBAL MARKET FOR CNT PRIMARY GRADES BASED ON COMMITTED PRODUCTION ESTIMATES, 2014-2019 ($ MILLIONS)

CHAPTER 3 - TECHNOLOGY OVERVIEW

  • WHAT ARE CNTS?
    • FIGURE 1: FORMATION OF A SWNT STRUCTURE
    • FIGURE 2: CNT STRUCTURES
  • A BRIEF HISTORY OF NANOTUBES
    • TABLE 1: CHRONOLOGY OF SOME CNT LANDMARK DEVELOPMENTS, 1953-2015
  • COMPARISON OF CARBON COMPOUNDS
    • TABLE 2: SOME COMPARATIVE PROPERTIES OF CARBON ALLOTROPES
  • DIAMOND
    • Diamondoids
    • Nanocrystalline Diamond and CNT Hybrid Films
  • GRAPHITE
  • FULLERENES
    • Spherical Form: Buckminsterfullerene
    • Cylindrical Form: CNTs
    • Hybrid Forms: Carbon Nanobuds, Graphene Nanoribbons, and Carbon Nanocages
    • Linear Form: Carbynes
    • Other Forms
  • CARBON NANOFIBERS
    • Carbon Nanospheres
  • CARBIDE-DERIVED MESOPOROUS CARBON
  • PROPERTIES OF CNTS
    • TABLE 3: SOME CHARACTERISTIC PROPERTIES OF CNTS
    • TABLE 4: COMPARATIVE PROPERTIES OF DIFFERENT CNTS AND CFS
  • APPLICATIONS OF CNTS
    • TABLE 5: DIVERSE RANGE OF INDUSTRIAL APPLICATIONS FOR CNTS
    • TABLE 6: SOME EXAMPLES OF OPTIMUM FORMS OF CNTS REQUIRED FOR DIFFERENT APPLICATIONS
  • OTHER TYPES OF NANOTUBE COMPOUNDS
    • SYNTHETIC INORGANIC NANOTUBES
      • TABLE 7: PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS OF SOME INORGANIC NANOTUBES
  • NATURAL INORGANIC NANOTUBES
    • ORGANIC NANOTUBES
  • NANOTUBE PRODUCTION
    • TABLE 8: COMPARISON OF THE MOST COMMON TYPES OF CNT BATCH PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGIES
  • ARC DISCHARGE
  • LASER ABLATION
  • CVD
  • SYNTHETIC PROCESS FACTORS AFFECTING GROWTH
    • TABLE 9: SYNTHETIC PROCESS FACTORS AFFECTING CNT GROWTH
  • CONTINUOUS SCALABLE PRODUCTION
    • TABLE 10: COMPARATIVE ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF CNT PROCESSES
    • TABLE 11: COMPARISON OF SWNT CONTINUOUS PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGIES
    • Arc or Laser Ablation
  • CVD
    • Flame Combustion
    • Plasma Torch
    • Other Developments
      • Catalysts
      • Catalyst-Free SWNTs
      • Chiral-Specific Growth
      • Nonmetallic Catalysts
      • Natural Lava Catalysts
      • Pulsed Laser Vaporization (PLV)
      • Purer and Controlled-Diameter SWNTs
      • Separation and Sorting
      • Varying Carbon Feedstock
  • PURIFICATION AND PRODUCT QUALITY CONTROL
    • TABLE 12: COMMON CNT CHEMICAL PURIFICATION PROCESSES, OUTCOMES AND DISADVANTAGES
    • TABLE 13: HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENTS IN SEPARATION, PURIFICATION, CAPPING, AND UNCAPPING OF CNTS BASED ON U.S. PATENTS
  • CNT APPLICATION INTEGRATION
    • TABLE 14: LEADING U.S. RESEARCH ORGANIZATIONS SPEARHEADING CNT SYNTHESIS AND APPLICATIONS DEVELOPMENT
  • SURFACE CHEMICAL FUNCTIONALIZATION
    • TABLE 15: RECENT DEVELOPMENTS IN CHEMICAL FUNCTIONALIZATION OF CNTS AND POSSIBLE APPLICATIONS
    • TABLE 16: EXEMPLARY U.S. PATENTS RELATING TO CNT CHEMICAL FUNCTIONALIZATION
    • TABLE 17: ORGANIZATIONS OFFERING SURFACE FUNCTIONALIZED CNT DISPERSIONS AND THEIR APPLICATIONS
  • SEPARATING ELECTRONIC STRUCTURES
    • TABLE 18: NOTABLE DEVELOPMENTS IN SORTING ELECTRONIC-GRADE CNTS
  • CNT GROWTH AND DEVICE FABRICATION
    • TABLE 19: EXEMPLARY U.S. PATENTS RELATING TO SELF-ASSEMBLY AND ORGANIZATION OF CNTS
    • TABLE 20: RECENT DEVELOPMENTS IN CNT SCALABLE DEVICE INTEGRATION
  • OTHER FORM FACTORS
    • TABLE 21: EXEMPLARY U.S. PATENTS RELATING TO THE USE OF CNTS AS NANOTEMPLATES
    • DWNTS AND BUCKYPAPER
    • TRIPLE-WALLED CARBON NANOTUBES (TWNTS)
    • SWNT-BASED PEAPODS OR NANO TEST TUBES
    • MWNT-BASED MICROCAPSULES
    • OTHER FORMS OF CNTS
      • TABLE 22: RECENT RESEARCH DEVELOPMENTS IN OTHER CNT VARIANTS
    • DRY SPINNING OF CNT FIBERS AND SHEET-FORMING YARNS
    • THREE-DIMENSIONAL CNT ARCHITECTURES
    • WET SPINNING OF SWNTS
    • CONTINUOUSLY GROWN SWNT FIBERS
    • CONTINUOUSLY GROWN SWNT NONWOVEN TRANSPARENT FILMS
    • CNT-REINFORCED POLYMER FIBERS
  • REFRENCES

CHAPTER 4 - PATENT ANALYSIS

  • RATIONALE AND METHODOLOGY
  • U.S. PATENTS ISSUED
    • CHRONOLOGICAL GROWTH TRENDS IN PATENT ACTIVITY
      • FIGURE 3: CNT PATENTS ISSUED, 1994-2014 (NO. OF PATENTS, CUMULATIVE TOTAL: 14,557)
  • PATENT ACTIVITY CLASSIFIED BY INDUSTRIAL APPLICATION SECTOR
    • All Countries
      • FIGURE 4: APPLICATION SECTORS DERIVED FROM U.S. CNT ISSUED PATENTS, 1994-2004 (%)
      • TABLE 23: INDUSTRIAL SECTORS AND EXEMPLARY APPLICATIONS EMERGING FROM ISSUED U.S. CNT PATENTS, 1994-2009
      • FIGURE 5: APPLICATION SECTORS DERIVED FROM U.S. CNT ISSUED PATENTS, 2007 TO JUNE 30, 2009 (%)
      • FIGURE 6: APPLICATION SECTORS DERIVED FROM U.S. CNT ISSUED PATENTS, 2012-2014 (%)
    • U.S. Versus Foreign Assignees
      • FIGURE 7: U.S. AND FOREIGN CNT PATENTS ISSUED BY APPLICATION SECTORS, 1994-2002 (TOTAL PATENTS = 415)
      • FIGURE 8: U.S. AND FOREIGN CNT PATENTS ISSUED BY APPLICATION SECTOR, 2003-2004 (TOTAL PATENTS = 480)
      • FIGURE 9: U.S. AND FOREIGN CNT PATENTS ISSUED BY APPLICATION SECTOR, 2007 TO JUNE 30, 2009 (TOTAL PATENTS = 1,987)
  • COMPARISON OF U.S. PATENT ACTIVITY WITH ASIAN, EUROPEAN, AND OTHER COUNTRIES
    • 1994 to 2004
      • FIGURE 10: U.S. VERSUS ASIAN CNT PATENTS ISSUED, 1994-2004 (TOTAL PATENTS = 679)
      • FIGURE 11: EUROPEAN AND OTHER COUNTRIES WITH U.S. CNT ISSUED PATENTS, 1994-2004 (TOTAL PATENTS = 51)
    • 2007 to June 30, 2009
      • FIGURE 12: ASIAN COUNTRIES WITH U.S. CNT PATENTS ISSUED, 2007 TO JUNE 30, 2009 (TOTAL PATENTS = 520)
      • FIGURE 13: EUROPEAN AND OTHER COUNTRIES WITH U.S. CNT PATENTS ISSUED, 2007 TO JUNE 30, 2009 (TOTAL PATENTS = 148)
    • 2010 to 2011
      • FIGURE 14: ASIAN COUNTRIES WITH U.S. CNT PATENTS ISSUED, 2010-2011 (TOTAL PATENTS = 938)
      • FIGURE 15: EUROPEAN AND OTHER COUNTRIES WITH U.S. CNT PATENTS ISSUED, 2010-2011 (TOTAL PATENTS = 292)
    • 1994 to 2014
      • FIGURE 16: U.S. VERSUS FOREIGN ASSIGNED CNT ISSUED PATENTS, 1994-2014 (TOTAL PATENTS: 13,855)
  • DOMESTIC PATENT ACTIVITY
    • Most Active States
      • FIGURE 17: LEADING U.S. ASSIGNEE STATES WITH U.S. CNT ISSUED PATENTS, JAN. 3, 2012 TO DEC. 30, 2014 (TOTAL PATENTS = 3,362)
    • Small Businesses
      • TABLE 24: LEADING SMALL U.S. BUSINESSES WITH CNT ISSUED AND PENDING PATENT APPLICATIONS, 2012-2014 (TOTAL PATENTS: 643)
      • TABLE 25: OTHER SMALL U.S. BUSINESSES WITH MULTIPLE CNT ISSUED AND PENDING PATENT APPLICATIONS, 2012-2014 (TOTAL PATENTS: 166)
    • Large Businesses
      • TABLE 26: LEADING LARGE U.S. BUSINESSES WITH CNT ISSUED AND PENDING PATENT APPLICATIONS, 2012-2014 (TOTAL PATENTS: 1,620)
      • TABLE 27: OTHER LARGE U.S. BUSINESSES WITH MULTIPLE CNT ISSUED AND PENDING PATENT APPLICATIONS, 2012-2014 (TOTAL PATENTS: 411)
    • Academic Institutions
      • TABLE 28: LEADING U.S. ACADEMIC INSTITUTIONS WITH CNT ISSUED AND PENDING PATENT APPLICATIONS, JAN. 3, 2012, TO DEC. 30, 2014 (TOTAL PATENTS: 943)
    • Government and Other Research Institutions
      • TABLE 29: U.S. GOVERNMENT AND OTHER RESEARCH INSTITUTIONS WITH CNT ISSUED AND PENDING PATENT APPLICATIONS, 2012 TO DEC. 30, 2014 (TOTAL PATENTS: 379)
  • U.S. PATENT ACTIVITY ACCORDING TO FOREIGN OWNERSHIP
    • Leading Japanese Companies
      • TABLE 30: CNT ISSUED AND PENDING PATENT APPLICATIONS FOR LEADING JAPANESE ORGANIZATIONS, 2012 TO DEC. 30, 2014 (TOTAL PATENTS: 840)
    • Leading Korean, Taiwanese and Chinese Organizations
      • TABLE 31: LEADING KOREAN, TAIWANESE AND CHINESE ORGANIZATIONS WITH U.S. CNT ISSUED AND PENDING PATENT APPLICATIONS, JAN. 3, 2012, TO DEC. 30, 2014 (TOTAL PATENTS: 1,474)
    • Leading Organizations in European and Other Countries
      • TABLE 32: CNT ISSUED AND PENDING PATENTS FOR LEADING ORGANIZATIONS IN EUROPEAN AND OTHER COUNTRIES, JAN. 3, 2012 TO DEC. 30, 2014 (TOTAL PATENTS: 1,035)
  • U.S. PATENTS PENDING
    • FIGURE 18: GROWTH IN U.S. PATENTS FILED, 2001 TO DEC. 30, 2014 (TOTAL PATENTS: 27,061)
  • CHALLENGES IN PATENTING NANOTECHNOLOGY
    • PATENT BACKLOG
    • WHO OWNS WHAT?
    • QUALITY VERSUS QUANTITY
    • A NEW BREED OF PATENT BROKERAGE COMPANIES
    • PATENT TROLL
  • REFRENCES

CHAPTER 5 - INDUSTRY STRUCTURE AND COMPETITIVE ANALYSIS

  • OVERVIEW
  • INDUSTRY STRUCTURE
  • NANOTUBE PRODUCERS
    • TABLE 33: INFLUENTIAL PLAYERS INVOLVED IN LARGE-SCALE CNT PRODUCTION AND MARKET EXPLOITATION (TONNES/YEAR)
    • TABLE 34: INFLUENTIAL PLAYERS INVOLVED IN SMALL-SCALE CNT PRODUCTION AND/OR SPECIALIZED MARKET EXPLOITATION
  • MARKET SEGMENTATION
    • TABLE 35: MARKET SEGMENTATION OF CNT INDUSTRY
  • COMPANY PROFILES: CNT PRODUCERS
    • Arkema
    • Axson France S.A.S
    • Canatu Ltd.
    • CNano Technology Ltd.
    • Continental Carbon Nanotechnologies Inc.
    • Eden Energy Ltd.
    • Felda Global Ventures Holdings (FGV)
    • Fullerene International Corp.
    • FutureCarbon GmbH
      • TABLE 36: HISTORIC DEVELOPMENTS IN COMMERCIALIZING BAYER MATERIALSCIENCE MWNTs
    • Hanwha Chemical Co.
    • Haydale Ltd.
    • Hitachi Chemical Co. Ltd.
    • Hodogaya Chemical Co. Ltd./Mitsui & Co.
    • Honjo Chemical Corp.
    • Hyperion Catalysis International Inc.
    • Klean Commodities
    • MER Corp.
    • Nano-C Inc.
    • Nanocyl S.A.
    • NanoIntegris Inc.
    • Nanotailor Inc.
    • Nanothinx S.A.
    • OCSiAl USA
    • Pyrograf Products Inc.
    • Raymor Industries Inc.
    • Selah Technologies LLC
    • Shenzhen Nanotech Port Co. Ltd.
    • Showa Denko KK
    • SouthWest NanoTechnologies (SWeNT) Inc.
      • TABLE 37: SWeNT'S LATEST COMMERCIAL CNT DEVELOPMENTS, 2009-2015
    • Thomas Swan & Co. Ltd.
    • Ube Industries
    • Unidym Inc.
      • TABLE 38: UNIDYM'S COMMERCIAL BUSINESS DEVELOPMENTS, 2010-2011
    • Xintek Inc.
    • ZEON Corp.
  • COMPANY PROFILES: CNT SPECIALTY AND ANCILLARY PRODUCTS
    • TABLE 39: RECENT DEVELOPMENTS IN SPECIALIZED CNT MARKET EXPLOITATION
    • Applied Nanotech Holdings Inc.
    • Bing Energy International LLC
    • Brewer Science Inc.
    • Carbon Solutions Inc.
    • Eikos Inc.
    • First Nano Inc.
    • General Nano LLC
    • HyCarb Inc.
    • Linde Electronics
    • Lintec of America
    • Meijo Nano Carbon Co. Ltd.
    • Minnesota Wire and Cable Co.
    • Molecular Rebar Design LLC
    • NanoComposites Inc.
    • Nanocomp Technologies Inc.
    • Nanomix Inc.
    • Plasan North America
    • Taiyo Nippon Sanso Corp.
    • Teijin Aramid BV
    • Toray Industries Inc.
    • Toyocolor Co. Ltd.
    • Zyvex Technologies
      • TABLE 40: ZYVEX TECHNOLOGIES'[ COMMERCIAL DEVELOPMENTS IN CNT-POLYMER COMPOSITES, 2007-2014
  • COMPANY PROFILES: LARGE U.S. CORPORATIONS
    • TABLE 41: LARGE U.S. CORPORATIONS LEADING IN U.S. CNT PATENT ACTIVITY (TOTAL NUMBER OF ISSUED PATENTS: 1,616)
    • 3M CO.
    • BAKER HUGHES INC.
    • BOEING CO.
    • DUPONT
    • GENERAL ELECTRIC CO.
    • GM CORP.
    • IBM CORP.
    • INTEL CORP.
    • LOCKHEED MARTIN CORP.
    • MICRON TECHNOLOGY
    • SHELL OIL CO.
    • XEROX CORP.
  • COMPANY PROFILES: LARGE FOREIGN CORPORATIONS
  • CHALLENGES AND ISSUES FACING THE CNT INDUSTRY
    • INDUSTRY DRIVING FORCES
      • TABLE 42: EXEMPLARY COMPANIES LEADING THE CNT INDUSTRY EVOLUTION
    • NANOTUBE CONSUMERS AND THE EVOLVING GRADE STRUCTURE
      • TABLE 43: DIVERSITY IN CNT CONSUMER MARKET PRODUCTS
  • COST/PERFORMANCE BALANCE
    • COMPETITION
      • TABLE 44: COMPETITIVE MATERIAL ALTERNATIVES TO CNTS FOR CERTAIN APPLICATIONS
    • CELL TOXICITY
      • TABLE 45: PROGRESS IN IDENTIFYING AND RESOLVING CNT TOXICOLOGICAL BEHAVIOR, 2005-2007
      • TABLE 46: PROGRESS IN IDENTIFYING AND RESOLVING CNT TOXICOLOGICAL BEHAVIOR, 2007-2011
      • TABLE 47: PROGRESS IN IDENTIFYING AND RESOLVING CNT TOXICOLOGICAL BEHAVIOR, 2012-2014
    • ENVIRONMENTAL SAFETY
  • NANOTECHNOLOGY RISKS AND REGULATORY CONTROL
    • ASIAN INITIATIVES
    • AUSTRALIAN GOVERNMENT
    • CANADIAN GOVERNMENT
    • EUROPEAN COMMISSION
    • INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION FOR STANDARDIZATION (ISO)
    • U.S.-LED NANOTECHNOLOGY REGULATORY CONTROL INITIATIVES
      • CBEN at Rice University
      • City of Berkeley, Calif., Nanomaterials Ordinance
      • EPA
      • Nanoethics and Social Advocacy Groups
      • National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)
      • National Science and Technology Council
      • Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars
  • REFRENCES

CHAPTER 6 - MARKETS BY APPLICATION

  • COMPOSITES
    • TABLE 48: MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF CNTS COMPARED WITH OTHER FIBERS
    • TABLE 49: POSSIBLE APPLICATIONS OF CNT COMPOSITES
    • TABLE 50: PROPERTIES ENDOWED OF CNT COMPOSITES
    • TABLE 51: MECHANICAL PROPERTY ENHANCEMENTS IN VARIOUS CNT COMPOSITES
  • CEMENT MATRIX
    • CERAMIC MATRIX
      • TABLE 52: ENHANCEMENTS CLAIMED IN VARIOUS CNT CERAMIC SYSTEMS
  • DIAMOND MATRIX
    • GLASS MATRIX
    • METAL MATRIX
      • TABLE 53: SOME EXAMPLES OF CNT-METAL COMPOSITES
    • POLYMER MATRIX
      • TABLE 54: EXAMPLES OF CNT-POLYMER COMPOSITE MATRIX SYSTEMS AMENABLE TO COMMERCIAL PROCESSING AND APPLICATION
      • TABLE 55: SOME EXAMPLES OF CNT-POLYMER COMPOSITES
      • TABLE 56: VARIOUS PROCESSING STRATEGIES USED TO MANUFACTURE POLYMER-CNT COMPOSITES
    • Electrical Conductivity Properties of Polymer-CNT Composites
    • Mechanical Properties of Polymer-CNT Composites
      • TABLE 57: ULTIMATE MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF POLYMER-CNT COMPOSITES
      • TABLE 58: KEY PROPERTIES CONTROLLING ULTIMATE REINFORCING AND CONDUCTIVITY POTENTIAL OF SWNTs IN A POLYMER MATRIX
    • Thermal Conductivity Properties of Polymer-CNT Composites
    • Commercial Product Applications of Polymer-CNT Composites
      • TABLE 59: POLYMER COMPOSITE CNT PRODUCTS CURRENTLY MANUFACTURED OR UNDER COMMERCIAL DEVELOPMENT
      • TABLE 60: LEADING COMPANIES INVOLVED IN THE COMMERCIAL DEVELOPMENT OF CNT-POLYMER COMPOSITES
      • TABLE 61: MOST ACTIVE COMPANIES ACCORDING TO CNT-POLYMER COMPOSITE U.S. PATENTS, 2012 TO DEC. 30, 2014 (TOTAL PATENTS: 830)
      • TABLE 62: OTHER ACTIVE ORGANIZATIONS ACCORDING TO U.S. CNT-POLYMER COMPOSITE PATENTS, 2007 TO DEC. 30, 2014
    • Automotive Applications
      • TABLE 63: EXAMPLES OF READY-TO-MOLD HYPERION AUTOMOTIVE MWNT-RESIN COMPOUNDS
      • TABLE 64: COMPARATIVE PERFORMANCE OF HYPERION CONDUCTIVE AUTOMOTIVE MWNT-RESIN COMPOUNDS
      • TABLE 65: PROPERTIES AND IMPROVEMENTS OF MWNTs
      • TABLE 66: CLASSIFICATION OF CONDUCTIVE MOLDED PLASTICS BASED ON FILLER LOADING AND ELECTRICAL PROPERTIES
      • TABLE 67: APPLICATIONS OF MWNTs IN ELECTROSTATICALLY DISSIPATIVE PLASTIC AUTO COMPONENTS
      • TABLE 68: ADVANCES IN IMPROVEMENT OF STRENGTH AND CONDUCTIVITY OF POLYMER-CNT COMPOSITES, 2007-2009
    • Aeronautical Applications
      • TABLE 69: DEVELOPMENTS IN AEROSPACE CF COMPOSITES INDUSTRY
    • Electronic Applications
      • TABLE 70: ELECTRONIC APPLICATIONS OF MWNTs IN MOLDED PLASTIC ELECTRONIC COMPONENTS
    • Flame-Retardant Applications
    • Military Applications
      • TABLE 71: CNT COMPOSITE COMPANIES ATTRACTING MILITARY AND CIVILIAN APPLICATIONS DEVELOPMENT
    • Space Applications
      • TABLE 72: FUTURE SPACE APPLICATIONS FOR CNTs
    • Sporting Goods Applications
      • TABLE 73: SPORTING GOODS PROTOTYPES BASED ON MWNT-PLASTIC COMPOSITES
    • Other Applications and Important Property Considerations
      • Biocatalytic Films
      • Biomedical Composites
      • Conventional Adhesives
      • Dry Adhesives
        • TABLE 74: RECENT PATENT ACTIVITY IN CNT DRY ADHESIVE SYSTEMS*
    • Polymer Composite Coatings and Inks
      • TABLE 75: ORGANIZATIONS EXPLORING CNT-BASED OR OTHER CARBON-BASED INKS AND SMART COATINGS
      • TABLE 76: COMPARATIVE PROPERTY PERFORMANCE OF CONDUCTIVE TRANSPARENT COMPOSITE COATINGS
    • Sensor Networks for Ongoing Composite Structural Diagnostics and Repair
    • Surface Chemical Functionalization and Form Factor
  • ELECTRONIC APPLICATIONS
    • TABLE 77: TOP 10 U.S. ORGANIZATIONS LEADING THE ELECTRONICS SECTOR WITH CNT PATENTS, 2012 TO DEC. 30, 2014
    • TABLE 78: LEADING ASIAN AND EUROPEAN ORGANIZATIONS HOLDING ELECTRONICS CNT PATENTS, 2012 TO DEC. 30, 2014
  • NANOELECTRONIC COMPONENTS
    • Emergence of Nanoelectronics
      • TABLE 79: KEY CNT PROPERTIES ATTRACTING FUTURE ELECTRONIC APPLICATIONS
    • CNT Electronic Components Development
      • Synthesis and Characterization of Electronic-Grade SWNTs
      • Electronic Device Integration and Self-Assembly
      • Competition-Silicon Nanowires
      • Connectivity, Large-Scale Integration, and Potential
      • Replacement for Copper
      • Thermal Management (Solid-Based)
        • TABLE 80: ORGANIZATIONS INVOLVED IN CNT ELECTRONIC THERMAL MANAGEMENT APPLICATIONS
      • California Institute of Technology
      • CAT Science/University of Copenhagen (Denmark)
      • Fujitsu Ltd. (Japan)
      • IBM (Yorktown Heights, N.Y.)
      • Koila Inc. (Sunnyvale, Calif.)
      • LG Electronics (Korea)
      • Molecular Nanosystems Inc. (Palo Alto, Calif.)
      • Nanoconduction Inc. (Sunnyvale, Calif.)/NASA Ames Research Center
      • National Renewable Energy Laboratory (Golden, Colo.)
      • Nextreme Thermal Solutions (Research Triangle Park, N.C.)
      • OCZ Technology (Sunnyvale, Calif.)
      • Purdue University
      • Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
      • University of California, Berkeley
      • University of Colorado
    • Thermal Management (Liquid-Based)
      • Cooligy Inc. (Mountain View, Calif.)
      • Seoul National University, Korea
      • University of Leeds/Institute of Particle Science and Engineering, U.K.
    • Beyond the Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor Field Effect Transistor (CMOSFET) Paradigm
    • Current Industry FET Development
      • TABLE 81: LEADING COMPANIES WITH CNTFET PATENT INTEREST
      • GE Global Research Center
      • IBM Optoelectronic Applications
      • Infineon Technologies, Germany
    • Development of Other CNT Nanoelectronic Components
  • FE DISPLAYS AND RELATED DEVICES
    • What is FE?
    • Why are CNTs Attractive Material Candidates?
      • TABLE 82: ADVANTAGES OF A CNT AS A COLD FE CATHODE
    • FE Applications
      • FE Displays
        • Fabrication
        • CNT FEDs Compared with Other Display Technologies
          • TABLE 83: ADVANTAGES OF FE DISPLAYS OVER LCDS
        • Major Factors Dictating CNT FED Development
          • TABLE 84: MAJOR FACTORS DICTATING EMERGENCE OF CNT-BASED TECHNOLOGY IN FPD MARKETPLACE
        • Leading Organizations/Company Involved FED Development
          • TABLE 85: LEADING U.S. ORGANIZATIONS INVOLVED IN U.S. CNT FED-DISPLAY PATENT ACTIVITY, 2000 TO DEC. 29, 2011
          • TABLE 86: LEADING FOREIGN COUNTRIES INVOLVED IN U.S. CNT FED-DISPLAY PATENT ACTIVITY, 2000 TO DEC. 29, 2011
          • TABLE 87: MAJOR PLAYERS AND ORGANIZATIONS/COMPANIES INVOLVED IN CNT-FED HISTORY AND DEVELOPMENT
          • TABLE 88: ORGANIZATIONS ACTIVELY INVOLVED IN CNT-FED PROTOTYPES, 2000-2010
        • Canon KK (Japan)
        • cDream Corp. (San Jose, Calif.)
        • CEA/LETI (France)
        • CopyTele Inc. (Melville, N.Y.)
        • Futaba Corp. (Japan)
        • Japan
        • Motorola Laboratories (Tempe, Ariz.)
          • TABLE 89: ADVANTAGES AND CHALLENGES OF MOTOROLA'S CNT-BASED FED COMPARED WITH EXISTENT FPD TECHNOLOGIES
        • Nano-Proprietary/Applied Nanotech Holdings Inc. (Austin, Texas)
        • Noritake Itron Corp./Ise Electronics (Japan)
        • Printable Field Emitters Ltd. (U.K.)
        • Samsung (Korea)
        • Taiwan
    • OTHER FED APPLICATIONS
      • TABLE 90: EXAMPLES OF OTHER FED APPLICATIONS
      • Light Bulbs and Light Sources
        • TABLE 91: ADVANTAGES OF FE-CNT FLUORESCENT WHITE LIGHT SOURCE OVER CONVENTIONAL LAMPS
        • TABLE 92: RATIONALIZING CNT SYNTHESIS WITH END-USE FE PERFORMANCE REQUIREMENTS
      • Applications of CNT-Based FE Light Sources
        • TABLE 93: ORGANIZATIONS WITH U.S. PATENT ACTIVITY RELATING TO CNT-BASED FE LIGHT SOURCES, 2007-2009
      • Advance Nanotech Inc./University of Bristol
      • Ahwahnee Technology (San Jose, Calif.)
      • Delta Optoelectronics Inc. (Taiwan)
      • Dialight Japan Co. Ltd.
      • EPFL/NanoLight International Ltd. (Switzerland)
      • Electrovac AG (Austria)
      • Foxconn/Hon Hai Precision Industry Co. Ltd. (Taiwan)
      • Hanwha Chemical Co./Iljin Nanotech (Korea)
      • IBM/Thomas J. Watson Research Center
      • Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST)
      • Nanoexa (Burlingame, Calif.)
      • Samsung Electronics Co. Ltd. (Korea)
      • Taitung University, Taiwan
      • University of Surrey/Advanced Technology Institute (U.K.)
    • FLEXIBLE DISPLAYS AND ELECTRONICS
      • TABLE 94: LEADING ORGANIZATIONS INVOLVED IN THE APPLICATION OF CNTS IN FLEXIBLE ELECTRONICS AND DISPLAYS
      • Advance Nanotech Inc. (New York, N.Y.)/University of Cambridge (U.K.)
      • Advanced Technology Institute/University of Surrey/Surrey Nanosystems Ltd.
      • Aneeve Nanotechnologies LLC (Los Angeles, Calif.)
      • Arrowhead Research (Pasadena, Calif.)/University of Florida
      • DuPont Electronic Technologies (Hayward, Calif.)
      • Eikos Inc. (Franklin, Mass.)
      • NanoIntegris Inc. (Skokie, Ill.)
      • NEC Corp. (Tokyo, Japan)
      • Rennselaer Polytechnic Institute
      • Unidym Inc. (Menlo Park, Calif.)
      • University of Illinois/Semprius Inc. (Durham, N.C.)
    • MEMORY APPLICATIONS
      • TABLE 95: ATTRACTIVE PROPERTIES OF CNTS FOR MEMORY DEVICE APPLICATIONS
      • TABLE 96: LEADING COMMERCIAL PLAYERS IN CNT MEMORY INITIATIVES BASED ON U.S. PATENTS, 1997 TO DEC. 29, 2011
      • Nantero Inc. (Woburn, Mass.)
      • SanDisk 3D LLC (Santa Clara, Calif.)
    • OTHER ELECTRONIC APPLICATIONS
      • TABLE 97: RECENT DEVELOPMENTS IN OTHER APPLICATIONS OF CNTS USED IN ELECTRONIC DEVICES
  • ENERGY CONVERSION AND STORAGE
    • BATTERIES
      • Lead-Acid Batteries
      • Lithium-Ion Batteries
        • TABLE 98: RECENT DEVELOPMENTS IN CNT-BASED LITHIUM-ION AND OTHER BATTERY TECHNOLOGY, 2012-2014
      • Lithium-Polymer Batteries
      • CNT Commercial Battery Developments
        • TABLE 99: LEADING PLAYERS IN CNT-BASED BATTERY TECHNOLOGY ACCORDING TO U.S. PATENT ACTIVITY, 2004 TO DEC. 29, 2011
      • Micro Bubble Technologies Inc. (South Korea)/Next Alternative Inc. (Canada)
    • FUEL CELLS
      • TABLE 100: ATTRACTIVE PROPERTIES OF CNTS USED IN FUEL-CELL APPLICATIONS
      • Hydrogen Fuel Cells
        • TABLE 101: KEY PROPERTIES AFFECTING FUEL-CELL PERFORMANCE
      • Direct Methanol Fuel Cell (DMFC)
      • Substitution of CNTs in MEA Materials
        • CNTs Used in Hydrogen and DMFCs
        • Optimizing Catalyst Loading and Retention
        • CNT-Based MEAs
        • Critical Fuel-Cell Components
          • Gas Diffusion Layers (GDLs)
          • Surface Wettability
      • Early Commercial Applications and Development of Fuel Cells
        • TABLE 102: LEADING ORGANIZATIONS PATENTING U.S. CNT FUEL-CELL ENHANCEMENTS, 2002 TO DEC. 30, 2006
      • More Recent Patent Activity and Commercial Developments in Fuel Cells
        • TABLE 103: PATENT ACTIVITY IN CNT-BASED FUEL-CELL APPLICATIONS AMONG U.S. ORGANIZATIONS, 2007 TO DEC. 29, 2011
        • TABLE 104: PATENT ACTIVITY IN U.S. CNT-BASED FUEL-CELL APPLICATIONS AMONG FOREIGN ORGANIZATIONS, 2007 TO DEC. 29, 2011
      • Angstrom Power Inc. (Vancouver, Canada)
      • Intematix Corp. (Fremont, Calif.)
      • Japan
      • Motorola Inc. (Tempe, Ariz.)
      • MTI MicroFuel Cells Inc. (Albany, N.Y.)
      • Neah Power Systems Inc. (Bothel, Wash.)
      • Pacific Fuel Cell Corp. (Riverside, Calif.)
      • Samsung SDI (Korea)
      • Showa Denko KK (Japan)
      • Toyota (Japan)
      • UltraCell Corp. (Livermore, Calif.)
    • HYDROGEN STORAGE
      • Carbon Nanostructures
      • Underlying System Properties
      • Commercial Development and Patent Activity
        • TABLE 105: EARLY PATENT ACTIVITY IN U.S. CNT-BASED HYDROGEN STORAGE APPLICATIONS, 1997 TO APRIL 2006
        • TABLE 106: LEADING U.S. AND FOREIGN PATENT ACTIVITY IN U.S. CNT-BASED HYDROGEN STORAGE APPLICATIONS, 2007 TO DEC. 29, 2011
        • Sony Corp.
        • Nanomix Inc.
        • Motorola Inc.
    • SUPERCAPACITORS
      • Basic Characteristics
        • TABLE 107: PERFORMANCE COMPARISON OF ENERGY STORAGE DEVICES
        • TABLE 108: ADVANTAGES OF SUPERCAPACITOR ELECTRICAL STORAGE DEVICES COMPARED WITH BATTERIES
        • TABLE 109: COMPARATIVE PERFORMANCE OF BATTERIES VERSUS CAPACITORS
        • Electric Double-Layer Capacitor (EDLC)
      • Early Research Activities in CNT-Based EDLCs
        • Georgia Institute of Technology Textile and Fiber Engineering
        • Institut National de la Recherche Scientifique (INRS) (Quebec, Canada)
        • MIT Laboratory for Electromagnetic and Electronic Systems (LEES)
        • NASA Johnson Space Center
        • National Institute of AIST (Japan)
        • Rice University
        • Stanford University/UCLA
        • Tsinghua-Foxconn Nanotechnology Research Center (China)
        • University of California, Davis
        • University of California, San Diego
        • University of Cambridge/Department of Engineering (U.K.)
        • University of Southern California (USC)
        • University of Texas at Austin
        • University of Texas at Dallas/NanoTech Institute
      • Recent Research Activities in CNT-Based EDLCs
        • TABLE 110: RECENT DEVELOPMENTS IN CNT-BASED SUPERCAPACITORS, 2012-2014
      • Early Patent Activity and Commercial Development in CNT-Based EDLCs
        • GSI Creos Corp., Asahi Glass, and TDK (Japan)
          • TABLE 111: U.S. PATENT ACTIVITY IN U.S. CNT-BASED EDL CAPACITORS AND APPLICATIONS, 1997 TO DEC. 30, 2006
        • Hyperion Catalysis International
        • Iljin Nanotech (Korea)
      • Recent Patent Activity and Commercial Development in CNT-Based EDLCs
        • TABLE 112: LEADING ORGANIZATIONS INVOLVED IN U.S. CNT-BASED EDL CAPACITOR PATENT ACTIVITY, 2007 TO DEC. 30, 2014
        • Arrowhead Research Corp./Agonn Systems Inc. (Pasadena, Calif.)
        • Kemet Corp. (Greenville, S.C.)
        • Nisshinbo Holdings Inc. (Tokyo, Japan)
        • Honda Motor Co. Ltd. (Tokyo, Japan)
  • SOLAR/PV CELLS
    • Basic Characteristics
    • Academic Research
      • TABLE 113: ACADEMIC RESEARCH ACTIVITIES IN CNT-BASED SOLAR CELLS
      • TABLE 114: RECENT DEVELOPMENTS IN CNT-BASED SOLAR CELLS, 2010-2012
      • TABLE 115: RECENT DEVELOPMENTS IN CNT-BASED SOLAR CELLS, 2012-2014
    • Commercial Development
      • TABLE 116: CNT PATENT ACTIVITY IN SOLAR CELL APPLICATIONS, 1997-DEC. 30, 2006
      • TABLE 117: PATENT ACTIVITY LEADERS IN CNT-BASED SOLAR CELL APPLICATIONS, 2007 TO DEC. 29, 2011
      • AMBIT Corp. (Ashland, Mass.)
      • Arrowhead Research Corp./NanoPolaris (Pasadena, Calif.)
      • BP Solar North America (Frederick, Mass.)
      • Dow Corning Corp. (Midland, Mich.)
      • DuPont (Wilmington, Del.)
      • Eikos Inc. (Franklin, Mass.)
      • First Solar LLC (Phoenix, Ariz.)
      • HelioVolt Corp. (Austin, Texas)
      • Innovalight Inc. (Sunnyvale, Calif.)
      • Konarka Technologies (Lowell, Mass.)
      • Miasolé (San Jose, Calif.)
      • Nanosolar Inc. (Palo Alto, Calif.)
      • Natcore Technology (Red Bank, N.J.)
      • Plextronics Inc. (Pittsburgh, Pa.)
      • Wakonda Technologies Inc./RIT
  • OTHER ENERGY CONVERSION SYSTEMS
    • TABLE 118: PATENT ACTIVITY IN U.S. CNT-BASED APPLICATIONS USED IN OTHER ENERGY CONVERSION SYSTEMS, 2007 TO DEC. 29, 2011
    • Mechanical Energy Storage
    • Thermionic Power
    • Thermal Rectifiers
    • Thermocells
    • Thermoelectric Power
    • Thermopower Wave
  • MEMBRANES: FILTRATION AND SEPARATION MEDIA
    • TABLE 119: ATTRACTIVE PROPERTIES OF CNTS AS SEPARATION MEMBRANES
  • DEVELOPMENTS AND APPLICATIONS
    • TABLE 120: ORGANIZATIONS WITH U.S. PATENT ACTIVITY IN CNT MEMBRANES, FILTRATION, AND SEPARATION MEDIA, 2007 TO DEC. 29, 2011
    • TABLE 121: RESEARCH AND COMMERCIAL PROTOTYPE DEVELOPMENTS OF VARIOUS CNT-BASED MEMBRANE SEPARATION TECHNOLOGIES
    • Biosource Inc./Voltea Ltd. (London, U.K.)
    • Clemson University
    • Cnanoz Inc. (Research Triangle Park, N.C.)
    • Covalent Industrial Technologies LLC (Hayward, Calif.)
    • Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) (Livermore, Calif.)
    • NanOasis Technologies (Richmond, Calif.)
    • Philip Morris USA Research Center
    • Procter & Gamble Co.
    • Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
    • Seldon Laboratories LLC
    • University of Kentucky, Center for Applied Energy Research
    • Velocys Inc. (Plain City, Ohio)/Oxford Catalysts Group plc (Oxford, U.K.)
  • SENSORS
    • TYPES OF SENSORS
      • TABLE 122: TYPES OF CNT SENSORS
    • Bio/Nanoparticle Sensors
      • TABLE 123: RECENT TYPES OF CNT BIOSENSOR SYSTEMS
    • Chemical Sensors
      • TABLE 124: KEY PROPERTIES OF CNTS EXPLOITED IN SENSOR APPLICATIONS
    • Physical/Mechanical Sensors and Actuators
  • RECENT PATENT ACTIVITY IN SENSORS
    • TABLE 120: ORGANIZATIONS WITH U.S. PATENT ACTIVITY IN CNT MEMBRANES, FILTRATION, AND SEPARATION MEDIA, 2007 TO DEC. 29, 2011
    • Commercial Prototype Developments
      • Applied Nanotech Holdings Inc. (Austin, Texas)
      • Enzyme-Coated CNT Sensor
      • Gated Metal Oxide Sensor
      • Palladium Nanoparticle Hydrogen Sensor
      • Photoacoustic Sensor (PAS)
  • OTHER RECENT SENSOR AND DETECTOR-RELATED DEVELOPMENTS
    • Honeywell International Inc. (Morristown, N.J.)
    • Motorola Laboratories (Tempe, Ariz.)
    • Nano Engineered Applications Inc. (Riverside, Calif.)
    • Nanomix Inc. (Emeryville, Calif.)
      • Nanosensors Inc. (Santa Clara, Calif.)
      • Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (Richland, Wash.)
      • YTC America Inc. (Camarillo, Calif.)
  • OTHER APPLICATIONS
    • Biosensors
      • Alpha Szenszor Inc. (Worcester, Mass.)
      • Applied Nanotech Holdings Inc. (Austin, Texas)
      • Nanomix Inc. (Emeryville, Calif.)/Mystic MD Inc. (Groton, Conn.)
  • BIOMEDICAL DEVELOPMENTS
    • TABLE 126: POTENTIAL USES OF CNTS IN THE BIOMEDICAL AREA
    • TABLE 127: RESEARCH DEVELOPMENTS IN CNT BIOMEDICAL APPLICATIONS, PRIOR TO 2007
    • TABLE 128: RESEARCH DEVELOPMENTS IN CNT BIOMEDICAL APPLICATIONS, 2007-2009
    • TABLE 129: RESEARCH DEVELOPMENTS IN CNT BIOMEDICAL APPLICATIONS, 2010-2011
    • Potential Commercial CNT Biomedical Developments
      • Cromoz Inc. (Research Triangle Park, N.C.)
      • Ensysce Biosciences Inc. (Houston, Texas)
      • Intel Corp. (Santa Clara, Calif.)
      • XinRay Systems LLC (Research Triangle Park, N.C.)
  • INDUSTRIAL CATALYST SUPPORTS
    • Industrial Chemical Process Synthesis
      • TABLE 130: U.S. PATENT ACTIVITY LEADERS IN CNT CATALYST SUPPORTS, 2007 TO DEC. 29, 2011
      • BTU International Inc. (North Billerica, Mass.)
      • Headwaters Technology Innovation Inc. (Lawrenceville, N.J.)
      • Hyperion Catalysis International Inc. (Cambridge, Mass.)
    • Electrocatalysis
    • Photocatalytic Support Systems
      • TABLE 131: APPLICATIONS OF CNTs IN PHOTOCATALYTIC SYSTEMS
  • ELECTROPHOTOGRAPHY
    • Xerox Corp. (Stamford, Conn.)
  • INSTRUMENTS: ACTUATORS, MANIPULATORS AND PROBES
    • TABLE 132: U.S. CNT PATENT ACTIVITY INVOLVING ACTUATORS, INSTRUMENTS AND MANIPULATORS, 2009 TO DEC. 29, 2011
    • Commercial Developments in SPM/AFM CNT Probes
      • Carbon Design Innovations (Burlingame, Calif.)
      • Carbon Nanoprobes Inc. (White Plains, N.Y.)
      • Xidex Corp. (Austin, Texas)
  • OIL RECOVERY
    • TABLE 133: U.S. PATENT ACTIVITY IN CNT ENHANCEMENTS IN OIL RECOVERY, 2010 TO DEC. 29, 2011
  • SECURITY
    • TABLE 134: LEADING ORGANIZATIONS INVOLVED IN VARIOUS CNT-BASED SECURITY APPLICATIONS
    • Bioterrorism and Explosives Detection
      • Stanford University
      • MIT
    • Body Armor and Smart Textiles
      • National Research Council (NRC) Canada (Ottawa, Ont., Canada)
      • Nanocomp Technologies Inc. (Concord, N.H.)
      • Q-Flo Ltd. (Cambridge, U.K.)
      • Nico Technologies (Ann Arbor, Mich.)
    • Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) Tags
      • Alien Technology Corp. (Morgan Hills, Calif.)
      • Ambient Systems BV (Enschede, Netherlands)
      • AMBIT Corp. (Ashland, Mass.)
      • Nantero Inc. (Woburn, Mass.)/HP Specialty Printing Systems (San Diego, Calif.)
    • X-Ray Detection
      • American Science and Engineering Inc. (Billerica, Mass.)
      • XinRay Systems LLC (Research Triangle Park, N.C.)
  • POLISHING
    • Applied Materials Inc. (Santa Clara, Calif.)
  • REFRENCES

CHAPTER 7 - GLOBAL MARKET ANALYSIS

  • TECHNOLOGY PUSH
  • CNT COMMERCIAL PRODUCTION AND ESTIMATED SALES REVENUES
    • MWNTs
      • TABLE 135: GLOBAL MWNTs TIER 1 COMPANIES MARKET BY CAPACITY AND REVENUE, THROUGH 2019 (METRIC TONNES/$ MILLIONS)
    • SWNTs
      • TABLE 136: GLOBAL SWNTs TIER 1 COMPANIES MARKET BY CAPACITY AND REVENUE, THROUGH 2019 (METRIC TONNES/$ MILLIONS)
    • Few-Walled Grades (FWNTs)
      • TABLE 137: GLOBAL FWNTs TIER 1 COMPANIES MARKET BY CAPACITY AND REVENUE, THROUGH 2019 (METRIC TONNES/$ MILLIONS)
  • MARKET PULL
  • COMPOSITES
    • Polymer
      • TABLE 138: COMMERCIAL PROTOTYPE DEVELOPMENTS IN CNT-POLYMER COMPOSITES
    • Other Matrix Materials
      • TABLE 139: COMMERCIAL PROTOTYPE DEVELOPMENTS IN OTHER MATRIX COMPOSITES
  • ELECTRONICS
    • TABLE 140: COMMERCIAL PROTOTYPE DEVELOPMENTS IN ELECTRONICS
  • ENERGY
    • TABLE 141: COMMERCIAL PROTOTYPE DEVELOPMENTS IN ENERGY
  • OTHER APPLICATIONS
    • TABLE 142: COMMERCIAL PROTOTYPE DEVELOPMENTS IN OTHER APPLICATIONS

CHAPTER 8 - NORTH AMERICAN MARKET ANALYSIS

  • CNT COMMERCIAL PRODUCTION AND ESTIMATED SALES REVENUES
  • MWNTS
    • Commodity Grade
      • TABLE 143: U.S. COMMODITY-GRADE MWNTs TIER 1 COMPANIES MARKET, THROUGH 2019 (METRIC TONNES, $ MILLIONS)
    • Specialty Grade
      • TABLE 144: ANNUAL PRODUCTION COMMITMENT AND REVENUES FOR U.S. SPECIALTY-GRADE MWNTs TIER 1 COMPANY SWeNT, THROUGH 2019 (METRIC TONNES, $ MILLIONS)
  • SWNTS
    • TABLE 145: ANNUAL PRODUCTION COMMITMENT AND REVENUES OF NORTH AMERICAN COMMERCIAL SWNT PRODUCERS TIER 1 COMPANIES, THROUGH 2019 (KG/YEAR, $ MILLIONS)
  • FEW-WALLED GRADES (FWNTS)
    • TABLE 146: ANNUAL PRODUCTION COMMITMENT AND REVENUES FOR U.S. SPECIALTY-GRADE FWNTS TIER 1 COMPANY SWENT, THROUGH 2019 (METRIC TONNES, $ MILLIONS)

CHAPTER 9 - EUROPEAN MARKET ANALYSIS

  • CNT COMMERCIAL PRODUCTION AND ESTIMATED SALES REVENUES
  • MWNTS
    • TABLE 147: EUROPEAN PRODUCTION COMMITMENT AND REVENUES OF COMMERCIAL MWNTS TIER 1 COMPANIES, THROUGH 2019 (METRIC TONNES, $ MILLIONS)
  • SWNTS
    • TABLE 148: EUROPEAN ANNUAL PRODUCTION COMMITMENT AND REVENUES FOR COMMERCIAL SWNTS AND NANOBUDS TIER 1 COMPANIES, THROUGH 2019 (TONNES/YEAR, $ MILLIONS)

CHAPTER 10 - ASIAN MARKET ANALYSIS

  • CNT COMMERCIAL PRODUCTION AND ESTIMATED SALES REVENUES
    • MWNTS
      • TABLE 149: JAPANESE ANNUAL COMMERCIAL PRODUCTION COMMITMENT AND REVENUES FOR MWNTS TIER 1 COMPANIES, THROUGH 2019 (METRIC TONNES, $ MILLIONS)
      • TABLE 150: UNCONFIRMED ANNUAL PRODUCTION COMMITMENT OF COMMERCIAL MWNTS TIER 2 ASIAN COMPANIES, THROUGH 2019 (METRIC TONNES)
    • SWNTS
      • TABLE 151: UNCONFIRMED ASIAN COMMERCIAL SWNT PRODUCTION COMMITMENT TIER 2 COMPANIES, THROUGH 2019 (METRIC TONNES/$ MILLIONS)
    • FEW-WALLED GRADES (FWNTS)
      • TABLE 152: POTENTIAL ASIAN COMMERCIAL FWNT PRODUCTION COMMITMENT TIER 2 COMPANIES, THROUGH 2019

CHAPTER 11 - MARKET PULL: PROGNOSIS FOR GLOBAL CNT APPLICATIONS

  • POLYMER COMPOSITES
    • AERONAUTICAL APPLICATIONS
    • AUTOMOTIVE APPLICATIONS
    • ELECTRONIC PACKAGING APPLICATIONS
    • FLAME-RETARDANT APPLICATIONS
    • INDUSTRIAL SEALS
    • MILITARY APPLICATIONS
    • PROSPECTIVE APPLICATIONS OF OTHER COMPOSITE FORMS OF CNTS
    • SPORTS EQUIPMENT APPLICATIONS
    • OTHER COMPETITIVE FACTORS AND DEVELOPMENTS
  • MARKET PROSPECTS FOR CNTS IN OTHER MATRIX COMPOSITES
  • MARKET PROSPECTS FOR CNTS IN ELECTRONIC APPLICATIONS
    • ELECTRONIC/NANOELECTRONIC COMPONENTS
    • FE DISPLAYS
      • TABLE 153: PROS AND CONS FOR CNT FE DISPLAY MARKET
      • Market Challenges: Competition and Manufacturing Cost
      • Commercial Champions-Who's Leading the Chase and When?
    • LIGHT BULBS AND LIGHT SOURCES
    • FLEXIBLE DISPLAYS AND ELECTRONICS
    • MEMORY APPLICATIONS
    • SENSORS
      • Alpha Szenszor Inc. (Worcester, Mass.)
      • Applied Nanotech Holdings Inc. (Austin, Texas)
      • Nanomix Inc. (Emeryville, Calif.)/Mystic MD Inc. (Groton, Conn.)
      • Nanosense Inc. (Redwood City, Calif.)/Evolved Machines Inc. (Palo Alto, Calif.)
    • WIRE AND CABLE CONNECTIVITY
      • Minnesota Wire and Cable Co.
      • TE Connectivity
      • Teijin Aramid
  • MARKET PROSPECTS FOR CNTS IN ENERGY APPLICATIONS
    • BATTERIES
      • Market Prognosis
        • CNT Commercial Battery Developments
          • Contour Energy Systems Inc. (Irwindale, Calif.)
          • Micro Bubble Technologies Inc. (South Korea)/Next
          • Alternative Inc. (Canada)
          • Molecular Rebar Design LLC (Austin, Texas)
          • SmartEnergi Corp. (Atlanta, Ga.)
          • Vendum Batteries Inc. (El Segundo, Calif.)
      • Potential Flexible Battery Developments
  • CAPACITORS
    • Market Prognosis for Commercial Development of CNT-Based Supercapacitors
    • Recent Patent Activity and Commercial Development in CNT-Based EDLCs
      • Arrowhead Research Corp./Agonn Systems Inc. (Pasadena, Calif.)
      • Kemet Corp. (Greenville, S.C.)
      • Nisshinbo Holdings Inc. (Tokyo, Japan)
      • Honda Motor Co. Ltd. (Tokyo, Japan)/Power Battery Co. (Paterson, N.J.)
  • FUEL CELLS
    • Recent Patent Activity and Commercial Development in CNT-Based Fuel Cells
      • Bing Energy Inc. (Tallahassee, Fla.)
      • Intematix Corp. (Fremont, Calif.)
      • Japan
      • Neah Power Systems Inc. (Bothel, Wash.)
      • Pacific Fuel Cell Corp. (Riverside, Calif.)
      • Showa Denko KK (Japan)
      • UltraCell Corp. (Livermore, Calif.)
  • HYDROGEN STORAGE AND HYDROGEN FUEL-CELL VEHICLES
  • SOLAR/PV CELLS
    • AMBIT Corp. (Ashland, Mass.)
    • DuPont (Wilmington, Del.)
    • Eikos Inc. (Franklin, Mass.)
    • Konarka Technologies (Lowell, Mass.)
    • Natcore Technology (Red Bank, N.J.)
  • OTHER ENERGY CONVERSION SYSTEMS
  • MARKET PROSPECTS FOR CNTS IN OTHER APPLICATIONS
    • BIOMEDICAL DEVELOPMENTS
    • CATALYST SUPPORTS
    • INDUSTRIAL COATINGS
    • INSTRUMENTS: ACTUATORS, MANIPULATORS AND PROBES
    • MEMBRANES AND SEPARATION TECHNOLOGY
    • OIL RECOVERY
    • SECURITY
    • Body Armor and Smart Textiles
    • RFID Tags
      • Alien Technology Corp. (Morgan Hills, Calif.)
      • Ambient Systems BV (Enschede, Netherlands)
      • AMBIT Corp. (Ashland, Mass.)
      • Nantero Inc. (Woburn, Mass.)/HP Specialty Printing Systems (San Diego, Calif.)
      • Paru Co. Ltd. (Sunchon, Korea)/Sunchon National University/Rice University
      • X-ray Detection
      • XinRay Systems LLC (Research Triangle Park, N.C.)
  • REFRENCES

CHAPTER 12 - APPENDIX

  • ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS
  • UNITS

LIST OF TABLES

  • SUMMARY TABLE: GLOBAL MARKET FOR CNT PRIMARY GRADES BASED ON COMMITTED PRODUCTION ESTIMATES, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 1: CHRONOLOGY OF SOME CNT LANDMARK DEVELOPMENTS, 1953-2015
    • TABLE 2: SOME COMPARATIVE PROPERTIES OF CARBON ALLOTROPES
    • TABLE 3: SOME CHARACTERISTIC PROPERTIES OF CNTS
    • TABLE 4: COMPARATIVE PROPERTIES OF DIFFERENT CNTS AND CFS
    • TABLE 5: DIVERSE RANGE OF INDUSTRIAL APPLICATIONS FOR CNTS
    • TABLE 6: SOME EXAMPLES OF OPTIMUM FORMS OF CNTS REQUIRED FOR DIFFERENT APPLICATIONS
    • TABLE 7: PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS OF SOME INORGANIC NANOTUBES
    • TABLE 8: COMPARISON OF THE MOST COMMON TYPES OF CNT BATCH PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGIES
    • TABLE 9: SYNTHETIC PROCESS FACTORS AFFECTING CNT GROWTH
    • TABLE 10: COMPARATIVE ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF CNT PROCESSES
    • TABLE 11: COMPARISON OF SWNT CONTINUOUS PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGIES
    • TABLE 12: COMMON CNT CHEMICAL PURIFICATION PROCESSES, OUTCOMES AND DISADVANTAGES
    • TABLE 13: HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENTS IN SEPARATION, PURIFICATION, CAPPING, AND UNCAPPING OF CNTS BASED ON U.S. PATENTS
    • TABLE 14: LEADING U.S. RESEARCH ORGANIZATIONS SPEARHEADING CNT SYNTHESIS AND APPLICATIONS DEVELOPMENT
    • TABLE 15: RECENT DEVELOPMENTS IN CHEMICAL FUNCTIONALIZATION OF CNTS AND POSSIBLE APPLICATIONS
    • TABLE 16: EXEMPLARY U.S. PATENTS RELATING TO CNT CHEMICAL FUNCTIONALIZATION
    • TABLE 17: ORGANIZATIONS OFFERING SURFACE FUNCTIONALIZED CNT DISPERSIONS AND THEIR APPLICATIONS
    • TABLE 18: NOTABLE DEVELOPMENTS IN SORTING ELECTRONIC-GRADE CNTS
    • TABLE 19: EXEMPLARY U.S. PATENTS RELATING TO SELF-ASSEMBLY AND ORGANIZATION OF CNTS
    • TABLE 20: RECENT DEVELOPMENTS IN CNT SCALABLE DEVICE INTEGRATION
    • TABLE 21: EXEMPLARY U.S. PATENTS RELATING TO THE USE OF CNTS AS NANOTEMPLATES
    • TABLE 22: RECENT RESEARCH DEVELOPMENTS IN OTHER CNT VARIANTS
    • TABLE 23: INDUSTRIAL SECTORS AND EXEMPLARY APPLICATIONS EMERGING FROM ISSUED U.S. CNT PATENTS, 1994-2009
    • TABLE 24: LEADING SMALL U.S. BUSINESSES WITH CNT ISSUED AND PENDING PATENT APPLICATIONS, 2012-2014 (TOTAL PATENTS: 643)
    • TABLE 25: OTHER SMALL U.S. BUSINESSES WITH MULTIPLE CNT ISSUED AND PENDING PATENT APPLICATIONS, 2012-2014 (TOTAL PATENTS: 166)
    • TABLE 26: LEADING LARGE U.S. BUSINESSES WITH CNT ISSUED AND PENDING PATENT APPLICATIONS, 2012-2014 (TOTAL PATENTS: 1,620)
    • TABLE 27: OTHER LARGE U.S. BUSINESSES WITH MULTIPLE CNT ISSUED AND PENDING PATENT APPLICATIONS, 2012-2014 (TOTAL PATENTS: 411)
    • TABLE 28: LEADING U.S. ACADEMIC INSTITUTIONS WITH CNT ISSUED AND PENDING PATENT APPLICATIONS, JAN. 3, 2012, TO DEC. 30, 2014 (TOTAL PATENTS: 943)
    • TABLE 29: U.S. GOVERNMENT AND OTHER RESEARCH INSTITUTIONS WITH CNT ISSUED AND PENDING PATENT APPLICATIONS, 2012 TO DEC. 30, 2014 (TOTAL PATENTS: 379)
    • TABLE 30: CNT ISSUED AND PENDING PATENT APPLICATIONS FOR LEADING JAPANESE ORGANIZATIONS, 2012 TO DEC. 30, 2014 (TOTAL PATENTS: 840)
    • TABLE 31: LEADING KOREAN, TAIWANESE AND CHINESE ORGANIZATIONS WITH U.S. CNT ISSUED AND PENDING PATENT APPLICATIONS, JAN. 3, 2012, TO DEC. 30, 2014 (TOTAL PATENTS: 1,474)
    • TABLE 32: CNT ISSUED AND PENDING PATENTS FOR LEADING ORGANIZATIONS IN EUROPEAN AND OTHER COUNTRIES, JAN. 3, 2012 TO DEC. 30, 2014 (TOTAL PATENTS: 1,035)
    • TABLE 33: INFLUENTIAL PLAYERS INVOLVED IN LARGE-SCALE CNT PRODUCTION AND MARKET EXPLOITATION (TONNES/YEAR)
    • TABLE 34: INFLUENTIAL PLAYERS INVOLVED IN SMALL-SCALE CNT PRODUCTION AND/OR SPECIALIZED MARKET EXPLOITATION
    • TABLE 35: MARKET SEGMENTATION OF CNT INDUSTRY
    • TABLE 36: HISTORIC DEVELOPMENTS IN COMMERCIALIZING BAYER MATERIALSCIENCE MWNTS
    • TABLE 37: SWENT'S LATEST COMMERCIAL CNT DEVELOPMENTS, 2009-2015
    • TABLE 38: UNIDYM'S COMMERCIAL BUSINESS DEVELOPMENTS, 2010-2011
    • TABLE 39: RECENT DEVELOPMENTS IN SPECIALIZED CNT MARKET EXPLOITATION
    • TABLE 40: ZYVEX TECHNOLOGIES'[ COMMERCIAL DEVELOPMENTS IN CNT-POLYMER COMPOSITES, 2007-2014
    • TABLE 41: LARGE U.S. CORPORATIONS LEADING IN U.S. CNT PATENT ACTIVITY (TOTAL NUMBER OF ISSUED PATENTS: 1,616)
    • TABLE 42: EXEMPLARY COMPANIES LEADING THE CNT INDUSTRY EVOLUTION
    • TABLE 43: DIVERSITY IN CNT CONSUMER MARKET PRODUCTS
    • TABLE 44: COMPETITIVE MATERIAL ALTERNATIVES TO CNTS FOR CERTAIN APPLICATIONS
    • TABLE 45: PROGRESS IN IDENTIFYING AND RESOLVING CNT TOXICOLOGICAL BEHAVIOR, 2005-2007
    • TABLE 46: PROGRESS IN IDENTIFYING AND RESOLVING CNT TOXICOLOGICAL BEHAVIOR, 2007-2011
    • TABLE 47: PROGRESS IN IDENTIFYING AND RESOLVING CNT TOXICOLOGICAL BEHAVIOR, 2012-2014
    • TABLE 48: MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF CNTS COMPARED WITH OTHER FIBERS
    • TABLE 49: POSSIBLE APPLICATIONS OF CNT COMPOSITES
    • TABLE 50: PROPERTIES ENDOWED OF CNT COMPOSITES
    • TABLE 51: MECHANICAL PROPERTY ENHANCEMENTS IN VARIOUS CNT COMPOSITES
    • TABLE 52: ENHANCEMENTS CLAIMED IN VARIOUS CNT CERAMIC SYSTEMS
    • TABLE 53: SOME EXAMPLES OF CNT-METAL COMPOSITES
    • TABLE 54: EXAMPLES OF CNT-POLYMER COMPOSITE MATRIX SYSTEMS AMENABLE TO COMMERCIAL PROCESSING AND APPLICATION
    • TABLE 55: SOME EXAMPLES OF CNT-POLYMER COMPOSITES
    • TABLE 56: VARIOUS PROCESSING STRATEGIES USED TO MANUFACTURE POLYMER-CNT COMPOSITES
    • TABLE 57: ULTIMATE MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF POLYMER-CNT COMPOSITES
    • TABLE 58: KEY PROPERTIES CONTROLLING ULTIMATE REINFORCING AND CONDUCTIVITY POTENTIAL OF SWNTS IN A POLYMER MATRIX
    • TABLE 59: POLYMER COMPOSITE CNT PRODUCTS CURRENTLY MANUFACTURED OR UNDER COMMERCIAL DEVELOPMENT
    • TABLE 60: LEADING COMPANIES INVOLVED IN THE COMMERCIAL DEVELOPMENT OF CNT-POLYMER COMPOSITES
    • TABLE 61: MOST ACTIVE COMPANIES ACCORDING TO CNT-POLYMER COMPOSITE U.S. PATENTS, 2012 TO DEC. 30, 2014 (TOTAL PATENTS: 830)
    • TABLE 62: OTHER ACTIVE ORGANIZATIONS ACCORDING TO U.S. CNT-POLYMER COMPOSITE PATENTS, 2007 TO DEC. 30, 2014
    • TABLE 63: EXAMPLES OF READY-TO-MOLD HYPERION AUTOMOTIVE MWNT-RESIN COMPOUNDS
    • TABLE 64: COMPARATIVE PERFORMANCE OF HYPERION CONDUCTIVE AUTOMOTIVE MWNT-RESIN COMPOUNDS
    • TABLE 65: PROPERTIES AND IMPROVEMENTS OF MWNTS
    • TABLE 66: CLASSIFICATION OF CONDUCTIVE MOLDED PLASTICS BASED ON FILLER LOADING AND ELECTRICAL PROPERTIES
    • TABLE 67: APPLICATIONS OF MWNTS IN ELECTROSTATICALLY DISSIPATIVE PLASTIC AUTO COMPONENTS
    • TABLE 68: ADVANCES IN IMPROVEMENT OF STRENGTH AND CONDUCTIVITY OF POLYMER-CNT COMPOSITES, 2007-2009
    • TABLE 69: DEVELOPMENTS IN AEROSPACE CF COMPOSITES INDUSTRY
    • TABLE 70: ELECTRONIC APPLICATIONS OF MWNTS IN MOLDED PLASTIC ELECTRONIC COMPONENTS
    • TABLE 71: CNT COMPOSITE COMPANIES ATTRACTING MILITARY AND CIVILIAN APPLICATIONS DEVELOPMENT
    • TABLE 72: FUTURE SPACE APPLICATIONS FOR CNTS
    • TABLE 73: SPORTING GOODS PROTOTYPES BASED ON MWNT-PLASTIC COMPOSITES
    • TABLE 74: RECENT PATENT ACTIVITY IN CNT DRY ADHESIVE SYSTEMS*
    • TABLE 75: ORGANIZATIONS EXPLORING CNT-BASED OR OTHER CARBON-BASED INKS AND SMART COATINGS
    • TABLE 76: COMPARATIVE PROPERTY PERFORMANCE OF CONDUCTIVE TRANSPARENT COMPOSITE COATINGS
    • TABLE 77: TOP 10 U.S. ORGANIZATIONS LEADING THE ELECTRONICS SECTOR WITH CNT PATENTS, 2012 TO DEC. 30, 2014
    • TABLE 78: LEADING ASIAN AND EUROPEAN ORGANIZATIONS HOLDING ELECTRONICS CNT PATENTS, 2012 TO DEC. 30, 2014
    • TABLE 79: KEY CNT PROPERTIES ATTRACTING FUTURE ELECTRONIC APPLICATIONS
    • TABLE 80: ORGANIZATIONS INVOLVED IN CNT ELECTRONIC THERMAL MANAGEMENT APPLICATIONS
    • TABLE 81: LEADING COMPANIES WITH CNTFET PATENT INTEREST
    • TABLE 82: ADVANTAGES OF A CNT AS A COLD FE CATHODE
    • TABLE 83: ADVANTAGES OF FE DISPLAYS OVER LCDS
    • TABLE 84: MAJOR FACTORS DICTATING EMERGENCE OF CNT-BASED TECHNOLOGY IN FPD MARKETPLACE
    • TABLE 85: LEADING U.S. ORGANIZATIONS INVOLVED IN U.S. CNT FED-DISPLAY PATENT ACTIVITY, 2000 TO DEC. 29, 2011
    • TABLE 86: LEADING FOREIGN COUNTRIES INVOLVED IN U.S. CNT FED-DISPLAY PATENT ACTIVITY, 2000 TO DEC. 29, 2011
    • TABLE 87: MAJOR PLAYERS AND ORGANIZATIONS/COMPANIES INVOLVED IN CNT-FED HISTORY AND DEVELOPMENT
    • TABLE 88: ORGANIZATIONS ACTIVELY INVOLVED IN CNT-FED PROTOTYPES, 2000-2010
    • TABLE 89: ADVANTAGES AND CHALLENGES OF MOTOROLA'S CNT-BASED FED COMPARED WITH EXISTENT FPD TECHNOLOGIES
    • TABLE 90: EXAMPLES OF OTHER FED APPLICATIONS
    • TABLE 91: ADVANTAGES OF FE-CNT FLUORESCENT WHITE LIGHT SOURCE OVER CONVENTIONAL LAMPS
    • TABLE 92: RATIONALIZING CNT SYNTHESIS WITH END-USE FE PERFORMANCE REQUIREMENTS
    • TABLE 93: ORGANIZATIONS WITH U.S. PATENT ACTIVITY RELATING TO CNT-BASED FE LIGHT SOURCES, 2007-2009
    • TABLE 94: LEADING ORGANIZATIONS INVOLVED IN THE APPLICATION OF CNTS IN FLEXIBLE ELECTRONICS AND DISPLAYS
    • TABLE 95: ATTRACTIVE PROPERTIES OF CNTS FOR MEMORY DEVICE APPLICATIONS
    • TABLE 96: LEADING COMMERCIAL PLAYERS IN CNT MEMORY INITIATIVES BASED ON U.S. PATENTS, 1997 TO DEC. 29, 2011
    • TABLE 97: RECENT DEVELOPMENTS IN OTHER APPLICATIONS OF CNTS USED IN ELECTRONIC DEVICES
    • TABLE 98: RECENT DEVELOPMENTS IN CNT-BASED LITHIUM-ION AND OTHER BATTERY TECHNOLOGY, 2012-2014
    • TABLE 99: LEADING PLAYERS IN CNT-BASED BATTERY TECHNOLOGY ACCORDING TO U.S. PATENT ACTIVITY, 2004 TO DEC. 29, 2011
    • TABLE 100: ATTRACTIVE PROPERTIES OF CNTS USED IN FUEL-CELL APPLICATIONS
    • TABLE 101: KEY PROPERTIES AFFECTING FUEL-CELL PERFORMANCE
    • TABLE 102: LEADING ORGANIZATIONS PATENTING U.S. CNT FUEL-CELL ENHANCEMENTS, 2002 TO DEC. 30, 2006
    • TABLE 103: PATENT ACTIVITY IN CNT-BASED FUEL-CELL APPLICATIONS AMONG U.S. ORGANIZATIONS, 2007 TO DEC. 29, 2011
    • TABLE 104: PATENT ACTIVITY IN U.S. CNT-BASED FUEL-CELL APPLICATIONS AMONG FOREIGN ORGANIZATIONS, 2007 TO DEC. 29, 2011
    • TABLE 105: EARLY PATENT ACTIVITY IN U.S. CNT-BASED HYDROGEN STORAGE APPLICATIONS, 1997 TO APRIL 2006
    • TABLE 106: LEADING U.S. AND FOREIGN PATENT ACTIVITY IN U.S. CNT-BASED HYDROGEN STORAGE APPLICATIONS, 2007 TO DEC. 29, 2011
    • TABLE 107: PERFORMANCE COMPARISON OF ENERGY STORAGE DEVICES
    • TABLE 108: ADVANTAGES OF SUPERCAPACITOR ELECTRICAL STORAGE DEVICES COMPARED WITH BATTERIES
    • TABLE 109: COMPARATIVE PERFORMANCE OF BATTERIES VERSUS CAPACITORS
    • TABLE 110: RECENT DEVELOPMENTS IN CNT-BASED SUPERCAPACITORS, 2012-2014
    • TABLE 111: U.S. PATENT ACTIVITY IN U.S. CNT-BASED EDL CAPACITORS AND APPLICATIONS, 1997 TO DEC. 30, 2006
    • TABLE 112: LEADING ORGANIZATIONS INVOLVED IN U.S. CNT-BASED EDL CAPACITOR PATENT ACTIVITY, 2007 TO DEC. 30, 2014
    • TABLE 113: ACADEMIC RESEARCH ACTIVITIES IN CNT-BASED SOLAR CELLS
    • TABLE 114: RECENT DEVELOPMENTS IN CNT-BASED SOLAR CELLS, 2010-2012
    • TABLE 115: RECENT DEVELOPMENTS IN CNT-BASED SOLAR CELLS, 2012-2014
    • TABLE 116: CNT PATENT ACTIVITY IN SOLAR CELL APPLICATIONS, 1997-DEC. 30, 2006
    • TABLE 117: PATENT ACTIVITY LEADERS IN CNT-BASED SOLAR CELL APPLICATIONS, 2007 TO DEC. 29, 2011
    • TABLE 118: PATENT ACTIVITY IN U.S. CNT-BASED APPLICATIONS USED IN OTHER ENERGY CONVERSION SYSTEMS, 2007 TO DEC. 29, 2011
    • TABLE 119: ATTRACTIVE PROPERTIES OF CNTS AS SEPARATION MEMBRANES
    • TABLE 120: ORGANIZATIONS WITH U.S. PATENT ACTIVITY IN CNT MEMBRANES, FILTRATION, AND SEPARATION MEDIA, 2007 TO DEC. 29, 2011
    • TABLE 121: RESEARCH AND COMMERCIAL PROTOTYPE DEVELOPMENTS OF VARIOUS CNT-BASED MEMBRANE SEPARATION TECHNOLOGIES
    • TABLE 122: TYPES OF CNT SENSORS
    • TABLE 123: RECENT TYPES OF CNT BIOSENSOR SYSTEMS
    • TABLE 124: KEY PROPERTIES OF CNTS EXPLOITED IN SENSOR APPLICATIONS
    • TABLE 120: ORGANIZATIONS WITH U.S. PATENT ACTIVITY IN CNT MEMBRANES, FILTRATION, AND SEPARATION MEDIA, 2007 TO DEC. 29, 2011
    • TABLE 126: POTENTIAL USES OF CNTS IN THE BIOMEDICAL AREA
    • TABLE 127: RESEARCH DEVELOPMENTS IN CNT BIOMEDICAL APPLICATIONS, PRIOR TO 2007
    • TABLE 128: RESEARCH DEVELOPMENTS IN CNT BIOMEDICAL APPLICATIONS, 2007-2009
    • TABLE 129: RESEARCH DEVELOPMENTS IN CNT BIOMEDICAL APPLICATIONS, 2010-2011
    • TABLE 130: U.S. PATENT ACTIVITY LEADERS IN CNT CATALYST SUPPORTS, 2007 TO DEC. 29, 2011
    • TABLE 131: APPLICATIONS OF CNTS IN PHOTOCATALYTIC SYSTEMS
    • TABLE 132: U.S. CNT PATENT ACTIVITY INVOLVING ACTUATORS, INSTRUMENTS AND MANIPULATORS, 2009 TO DEC. 29, 2011
    • TABLE 133: U.S. PATENT ACTIVITY IN CNT ENHANCEMENTS IN OIL RECOVERY, 2010 TO DEC. 29, 2011
    • TABLE 134: LEADING ORGANIZATIONS INVOLVED IN VARIOUS CNT-BASED SECURITY APPLICATIONS
    • TABLE 135: GLOBAL MWNTS TIER 1 COMPANIES MARKET BY CAPACITY AND REVENUE, THROUGH 2019 (METRIC TONNES/$ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 136: GLOBAL SWNTS TIER 1 COMPANIES MARKET BY CAPACITY AND REVENUE, THROUGH 2019 (METRIC TONNES/$ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 137: GLOBAL FWNTS TIER 1 COMPANIES MARKET BY CAPACITY AND REVENUE, THROUGH 2019 (METRIC TONNES/$ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 138: COMMERCIAL PROTOTYPE DEVELOPMENTS IN CNT-POLYMER COMPOSITES
    • TABLE 139: COMMERCIAL PROTOTYPE DEVELOPMENTS IN OTHER MATRIX COMPOSITES
    • TABLE 140: COMMERCIAL PROTOTYPE DEVELOPMENTS IN ELECTRONICS
    • TABLE 141: COMMERCIAL PROTOTYPE DEVELOPMENTS IN ENERGY
    • TABLE 142: COMMERCIAL PROTOTYPE DEVELOPMENTS IN OTHER APPLICATIONS
    • TABLE 143: U.S. COMMODITY-GRADE MWNTS TIER 1 COMPANIES MARKET, THROUGH 2019 (METRIC TONNES, $ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 144: ANNUAL PRODUCTION COMMITMENT AND REVENUES FOR U.S. SPECIALTY-GRADE MWNTS TIER 1 COMPANY SWENT, THROUGH 2019 (METRIC TONNES, $ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 145: ANNUAL PRODUCTION COMMITMENT AND REVENUES OF NORTH AMERICAN COMMERCIAL SWNT PRODUCERS TIER 1 COMPANIES, THROUGH 2019 (KG/YEAR, $ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 146: ANNUAL PRODUCTION COMMITMENT AND REVENUES FOR U.S. SPECIALTY-GRADE FWNTS TIER 1 COMPANY SWENT, THROUGH 2019 (METRIC TONNES, $ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 147: EUROPEAN PRODUCTION COMMITMENT AND REVENUES OF COMMERCIAL MWNTS TIER 1 COMPANIES, THROUGH 2019 (METRIC TONNES, $ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 148: EUROPEAN ANNUAL PRODUCTION COMMITMENT AND REVENUES FOR COMMERCIAL SWNTS AND NANOBUDS TIER 1 COMPANIES, THROUGH 2019 (TONNES/YEAR, $ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 149: JAPANESE ANNUAL COMMERCIAL PRODUCTION COMMITMENT AND REVENUES FOR MWNTS TIER 1 COMPANIES, THROUGH 2019 (METRIC TONNES, $ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 150: UNCONFIRMED ANNUAL PRODUCTION COMMITMENT OF COMMERCIAL MWNTS TIER 2 ASIAN COMPANIES, THROUGH 2019 (METRIC TONNES)
    • TABLE 151: UNCONFIRMED ASIAN COMMERCIAL SWNT PRODUCTION COMMITMENT TIER 2 COMPANIES, THROUGH 2019 (METRIC TONNES/$ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 152: POTENTIAL ASIAN COMMERCIAL FWNT PRODUCTION COMMITMENT TIER 2 COMPANIES, THROUGH 2019
    • TABLE 153: PROS AND CONS FOR CNT FE DISPLAY MARKET

LIST OF FIGURES

  • SUMMARY FIGURE: GLOBAL MARKET FOR CNT PRIMARY GRADES BASED ON COMMITTED PRODUCTION ESTIMATES, 2014-2019 ($ MILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 1: FORMATION OF A SWNT STRUCTURE
    • FIGURE 2: CNT STRUCTURES
    • FIGURE 3: CNT PATENTS ISSUED, 1994-2014 (NO. OF PATENTS, CUMULATIVE TOTAL: 14,557)
    • FIGURE 4: APPLICATION SECTORS DERIVED FROM U.S. CNT ISSUED PATENTS, 1994-2004 (%)
    • FIGURE 5: APPLICATION SECTORS DERIVED FROM U.S. CNT ISSUED PATENTS, 2007 TO JUNE 30, 2009 (%)
    • FIGURE 6: APPLICATION SECTORS DERIVED FROM U.S. CNT ISSUED PATENTS, 2012-2014 (%)
    • FIGURE 7: U.S. AND FOREIGN CNT PATENTS ISSUED BY APPLICATION SECTORS, 1994-2002 (TOTAL PATENTS = 415)
    • FIGURE 8: U.S. AND FOREIGN CNT PATENTS ISSUED BY APPLICATION SECTOR, 2003-2004 (TOTAL PATENTS = 480)
    • FIGURE 9: U.S. AND FOREIGN CNT PATENTS ISSUED BY APPLICATION SECTOR, 2007 TO JUNE 30, 2009 (TOTAL PATENTS = 1,987)
    • FIGURE 10: U.S. VERSUS ASIAN CNT PATENTS ISSUED, 1994-2004 (TOTAL PATENTS = 679)
    • FIGURE 11: EUROPEAN AND OTHER COUNTRIES WITH U.S. CNT ISSUED PATENTS, 1994-2004 (TOTAL PATENTS = 51)
    • FIGURE 12: ASIAN COUNTRIES WITH U.S. CNT PATENTS ISSUED, 2007 TO JUNE 30, 2009 (TOTAL PATENTS = 520)
    • FIGURE 13: EUROPEAN AND OTHER COUNTRIES WITH U.S. CNT PATENTS ISSUED, 2007 TO JUNE 30, 2009 (TOTAL PATENTS = 148)
    • FIGURE 14: ASIAN COUNTRIES WITH U.S. CNT PATENTS ISSUED, 2010-2011 (TOTAL PATENTS = 938)
    • FIGURE 15: EUROPEAN AND OTHER COUNTRIES WITH U.S. CNT PATENTS ISSUED, 2010-2011 (TOTAL PATENTS = 292)
    • FIGURE 16: U.S. VERSUS FOREIGN ASSIGNED CNT ISSUED PATENTS, 1994-2014 (TOTAL PATENTS: 13,855)
    • FIGURE 17: LEADING U.S. ASSIGNEE STATES WITH U.S. CNT ISSUED PATENTS, JAN. 3, 2012 TO DEC. 30, 2014 (TOTAL PATENTS = 3,362)
    • FIGURE 18: GROWTH IN U.S. PATENTS FILED, 2001 TO DEC. 30, 2014 (TOTAL PATENTS: 27,061)
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