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Global Markets and Technologies for Carbon Nanotubes

Abstract

REPORT HIGHLIGHTS

  • The global market for various carbon nanotubes (CNT) grades was $192 million in 2011. In 2012, it is estimated to generate nearly $239 million in revenues, and projected to grow over the next five years at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 22.4%, reaching $527 million by 2016.
  • The global market for multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs) is estimated to rise from $219 million in 2012 to $292 million in 2016, a CAGR of 9.1% between 2011 and 2016.
  • The global market for few-walled carbon nanotubes (FWNTs) is estimated to reach $1.8 million in 2012 and $120 million in 2016, a CAGR of 131.6% between 2011 and 2016.

SUMMARY FIGURE
GLOBAL MARKET FOR CNT GRADES BASED ON COMMITTED PRODUCTION,
2011-2016 ($ MILLIONS)

Source: BCC Research

MOTIVATION

Among the numerous categories in the evolving field of newly synthesized nanomaterials, carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are perhaps among the most dynamic and undergoing the most rapid pace of development. The past five years have witnessed relentless growth in the research, development and technological understanding of these remarkable materials. Universities, small businesses and start-ups, as well as large corporations, have continued to probe and exploit numerous commercial possibilities for these fascinating materials. As a result, the list of product applications is expanding considerably and is projected to do so well into the future.

The most tangible evidence for growth and interest is reflected by the emergence of new CNT producers now capable of offering CNTs in commercial-scale quantities - in kilograms, tonnes and even hundreds of tonnes, depending on the specific grade - at more affordable and increasingly competitive unit pricing. In addition, after several years of incubation, there is a new breed of more mature university spin-offs, or nanotechnology companies, targeting specific application sectors. Additional evidence of growth is the increasing presence of larger, more established corporations that recognize the future market opportunities offered by CNTs. Finally, over the past five years, there has been phenomenal growth in patent activity. In 2010 alone, the number of issued CNT-related U.S. patents reached 1,585, an increase of 54% over the previous year. In 2011, this increased more moderately, by 7.7%, but nonetheless reached an annual output record of 1,707. For patents pending, the situation is even more dramatic, with a cumulative backlog from 2001 to 2011 now totaling 16,775. For the current review period (2010 to 2011 total output alone reached 54% of the previous period (2001 to 2009).

In view of the technical momentum - representing a multibillion-dollar technology investment - and the enormous business potential, this report provides a timely update on CNTs - their level of technical maturity, where they are starting to penetrate the marketplace, and when and where the broadening market unravels.

OBJECTIVES AND PURPOSE OF THIS REPORT

The primary objectives of this report are threefold:

  • Assess the current state-of-the-art in CNT production and technical applications understanding.
  • Identify the current players seeking to exploit their unique properties.
  • Evaluate actual or impending markets in terms of the technical readiness of CNTs and the projected market revenues.

SCOPE OF REPORT

This updated report is divided into the following nine major chapters:

  • CHAPTER THREE - TECHNOLOGY OVERVIEW defines, outlines the history, describes the production methodology, identifies the unique properties of various forms of CNTs and emphasizes the major application challenges.
  • CHAPTER FOUR - PATENT ANALYSIS provides an extensive search/analysis of U.S. issued and pending patents (along with Canadian, European and WPTO databases where there is no USPTO presence), a collation of the main technical/application sectors and identifies the most active organizations - U.S. and foreign - driving CNT technology.
  • CHAPTER FIVE - INDUSTRY STRUCTURE AND COMPETITIVE ANALYSIS identifies current producers, progress in continuous production scale-up, market segmentation and an industry profile covering the major players.
  • CHAPTER SIX - MARKETS BY APPLICATION represents the body of the report assessing the latest progress and technical readiness in the major application sectors of composites, electronics, energy storage, membranes, sensors and other applications.
  • CHAPTER SEVEN - GLOBAL MARKET ANALYSIS estimates five-year potential revenues of all notable CNT producers.
  • CHAPTER EIGHT - NORTH AMERICAN MARKET ANALYSIS estimates five-year potential revenues of U.S. and Canadian CNT producers.
  • CHAPTER NINE - EUROPEAN MARKET ANALYSIS estimates five-year potential revenues of European CNT producers.
  • CHAPTER TEN - ASIAN MARKET ANALYSIS estimates five-year potential revenues of Asian CNT producers.
  • CHAPTER ELEVEN - MARKET PULL: PROGNOSIS FOR GLOBAL CNT APPLICATIONS identifies the most promising applications realizable based on the leading proponents, technical readiness and market interest.

METHODOLOGY AND SOURCES OF INFORMATION

This report is primarily derived from the enormous amount of patent and technical literature relating to CNTs disclosed in the public domain. In addition, complementary information has also been drawn from the business community, such as company investment news, company profiles, press releases and personal telephone interviews with selected companies.

AUTHOR'S CREDENTIALS

John Oliver, the author of this report, is the founder of Innov8 Solutions, which provides advanced materials consultation services to industrial clients. He has more than 30 years of industrial R&D experience in surface and colloid science spanning a wide range of materials technology. Primarily, working as a senior scientist at Xerox Research Centre of Canada, he developed an invaluable understanding in advanced materials used in digital printing technologies such as xerography and ink-jet printing (IJP). In the past 10 years through his involvements with the Alberta Research Council and several Alberta universities, his interests have evolved into the realm of nanomaterials and microsystems device integration. He has a Ph.D. in Physical Chemistry from McGill University, and a BSc degree in Chemistry from Surrey University, U.K. His publications include more than 40 technical peer-reviewed technical articles and 20 patents.

Table of Contents

Global Markets and Technologies for Carbon Nanotubes

Chapter - 1: INTRODUCTION - Complimentary

  • MOTIVATION
  • OBJECTIVES AND PURPOSE OF THIS REPORT
  • SCOPE OF REPORT
  • CONTRIBUTION OF THE STUDY AND TARGET AUDIENCE
  • METHODOLOGY AND SOURCES OF INFORMATION
  • AUTHOR'S CREDENTIALS
  • RELATED BCC REPORTS AND PUBLICATIONS
  • BCC ONLINE SERVICES
  • DISCLAIMER

Chapter - 2: EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

  • Table Summary: GLOBAL MARKET REVENUES FOR CNT GRADES BASED ON COMMITTED PRODUCTION ESTIMATES, THROUGH 2016
  • Figure Summary: GLOBAL MARKET FOR CNT GRADES BASED ON COMMITTED PRODUCTION, 2011-2016

Chapter - 3: TECHNOLOGY OVERVIEW

  • WHAT ARE CNTS?
  • A BRIEF HISTORY OF NANOTUBES
  • COMPARISON OF CARBON COMPOUNDS
  • PROPERTIES OF CNTS
  • APPLICATIONS OF CNTS
  • OTHER TYPES OF NANOTUBE COMPOUNDS
  • NANOTUBE PRODUCTION
  • PURIFICATION AND PRODUCT QUALITY CONTROL
  • CNT APPLICATIONS INTEGRATION
  • CNT GROWTH AND DEVICE FABRICATION
  • OTHER FORM FACTORS
    • Figure 1: FORMATION OF A SWNT STRUCTURE
    • Figure 2: CNT STRUCTURES

Chapter - 4: PATENT ANALYSIS

  • RATIONALE AND METHODOLOGY
  • U.S. PATENTS ISSUED
  • U.S. PATENTS PENDING
  • CHALLENGES IN PATENTING NANOTECHNOLOGY

Chapter - 5: INDUSTRY STRUCTURE AND COMPETITIVE ANALYSIS

  • OVERVIEW
  • INDUSTRY STRUCTURE
  • NANOTUBE PRODUCERS

Chapter - 6: MARKETS BY APPLICATION

  • COMPOSITES
  • ELECTRONIC APPLICATIONS
  • ENERGY CONVERSION AND STORAGE
  • MEMBRANES: FILTRATION AND SEPARATION MEDIA
  • SENSORS
  • OTHER APPLICATIONS
    • Table 46: MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF CNTS COMPARED WITH OTHER FIBERS
    • Table 47: CNT COMPOSITES: RANGE OF POSSIBLE APPLICATIONS
    • Table 48: CNT COMPOSITES: PROPERTIES ENDOWED
    • Table 49: MECHANICAL PROPERTY ENHANCEMENTS IN VARIOUS CNT COMPOSITES

Chapter - 7: GLOBAL MARKET ANALYSIS

  • TECHNOLOGY PUSH
  • MARKET PULL

Chapter - 8: NORTH AMERICAN MARKET ANALYSIS

  • CNT COMMERCIAL PRODUCTION AND ESTIMATED SALES REVENUES

Chapter - 9: EUROPEAN MARKET ANALYSIS

  • CNT COMMERCIAL PRODUCTION AND ESTIMATED SALES REVENUES

Chapter - 10: ASIAN MARKET ANALYSIS

  • CNT COMMERCIAL PRODUCTION AND ESTIMATED SALES REVENUES

Chapter - 11: MARKET PULL: PROGNOSIS FOR GLOBAL CNT APPLICATIONS

  • POLYMER COMPOSITES
  • MARKET PROSPECTS FOR CNTS IN OTHER MATRIX COMPOSITES
  • MARKET PROSPECTS FOR CNTS IN ELECTRONIC APPLICATIONS
  • FE DISPLAYS AND RELATED DEVICES
  • MARKET PROSPECTS FOR CNTS IN ENERGY APPLICATIONS
  • MARKET PROSPECTS FOR CNTS IN OTHER APPLICATIONS

Chapter - 12: APPENDIX

  • ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS
  • UNITS

List of Tables

  • Summary Table: GLOBAL MARKET REVENUES FOR CNT GRADES BASED ON COMMITTED PRODUCTION ESTIMATES, THROUGH 2016
    • Table 1: CHRONOLOGY OF SOME CNT LANDMARK DEVELOPMENTS, 1953 - 2012
    • Table 2: SOME COMPARATIVE PROPERTIES OF CARBON ALLOTROPES
    • Table 3: SOME CHARACTERISTIC PROPERTIES OF CNTS
    • Table 4: COMPARATIVE PROPERTIES OF DIFFERENT CNTS AND CFS
    • Table 5: DIVERSE RANGE OF INDUSTRIAL APPLICATIONS FOR CNTS
    • Table 6: SOME EXAMPLES OF OPTIMUM FORMS OF CNTS REQUIRED FOR DIFFERENT APPLICATIONS
    • Table 7: PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS OF SOME INORGANIC NANOTUBES
    • Table 8: COMPARISON OF THE MOST COMMON TYPES OF CNT BATCH PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGIES
    • Table 9: SYNTHETIC PROCESS FACTORS AFFECTING CNT GROWTH
    • Table 10: COMPARATIVE ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF CNT PROCESSES
    • Table 11: COMPARISON OF SWNT CONTINUOUS PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGIES
    • Table 12: COMMON CNT CHEMICAL PURIFICATION PROCESSES, OUTCOMES AND DISADVANTAGES
    • Table 13: HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT IN SEPARATION, PURIFICATION, CAPPING AND UNCAPPING OF CNTS BASED ON U.S. PATENTS
    • Table 14: LEADING U.S. RESEARCH ORGANIZATIONS SPEARHEADING CNT SYNTHESIS AND APPLICATIONS DEVELOPMENT
    • Table 15: RECENT DEVELOPMENTS IN CHEMICAL FUNCTIONALIZATION OF CNTS AND POSSIBLE APPLICATIONS
    • Table 16: EXEMPLARY U.S. PATENTS RELATING TO CNT CHEMICAL FUNCTIONALIZATION
    • Table 17: ORGANIZATIONS OFFERING SURFACE FUNCTIONALIZED CNT DISPERSIONS AND THEIR APPLICATIONS
    • Table 18: NOTABLE DEVELOPMENTS IN SORTING ELECTRONIC GRADE CNTS
    • Table 19: EXEMPLARY U.S. PATENTS RELATING TO SELF-ASSEMBLY AND ORGANIZATION OF CNTS
    • Table 20: SCALABLE DEVICE INTEGRATION OF CNTS
    • Table 21: EXEMPLARY U.S. PATENTS RELATING TO THE USE OF CNTS AS NANOTEMPLATES
    • Table 22: RECENT RESEARCH DEVELOPMENTS IN OTHER CNT VARIANTS
    • Table 23: INDUSTRIAL SECTORS AND EXEMPLARY APPLICATIONS EMERGING FROM ISSUED U.S. CNT PATENTS, 1994 - 2009
    • Table 24: LEADING SMALL U.S. BUSINESSES WITH CNT ISSUED AND PENDING PATENT APPLICATIONS, 2010-NOVEMBER 22, 2011
    • Table 25: OTHER SMALL U.S. BUSINESSES WITH MULTIPLE CNT ISSUED AND PENDING PATENT APPLICATIONS, 2010-NOVEMBER 22, 2011
    • Table 26: LEADING LARGE U.S. BUSINESSES WITH CNT ISSUED AND PENDING PATENT APPLICATIONS, 2010-NOVEMBER 22, 2011
    • Table 27: OTHER LARGE U.S. BUSINESSES WITH MULTIPLE CNT ISSUED AND PENDING PATENT APPLICATIONS, 2010-NOVEMBER 22, 2011
    • Table 28: CNT ISSUED AND PENDING PATENT APPLICATIONS AMONG LEADING U.S. ACADEMIC INSTITUTIONS, 2010-NOVEMBER 1, 2011
    • Table 29: U.S. GOVERNMENT AND OTHER RESEARCH INSTITUTIONS WITH CNT ISSUED AND PENDING PATENT APPLICATIONS, 2010-NOVEMBER 24, 2011
    • Table 30: CNT ISSUED AND PENDING PATENT APPLICATIONS FOR LEADING JAPANESE ORGANIZATIONS, 2010-NOVEMBER 24, 2011
    • Table 31: U.S. CNT ISSUED AND PENDING PATENT APPLICATIONS FOR LEADING KOREAN, TAIWANESE AND CHINESE ORGANIZATIONS, 2010-NOVEMBER 24, 2011
    • Table 32: CNT ISSUED AND PENDING PATENTS FOR LEADING ORGANIZATIONS IN EUROPE AND OTHER COUNTRIES, 2010 TO NOVEMBER 24, 2011
    • Table 33: INFLUENTIAL PLAYERS INVOLVED IN LARGE-SCALE CNT PRODUCTION AND MARKET EXPLOITATION
    • Table 34: INFLUENTIAL PLAYERS INVOLVED IN SMALL-SCALE CNT PRODUCTION AND/OR SPECIALIZED MARKET EXPLOITATION
    • Table 35: MARKET SEGMENTATION OF CNT INDUSTRY
    • Table 36: RECENT DEVELOPMENTS IN COMMERCIALIZING BAYER MATERIALSCIENCE MWNTS
    • Table 37: SWENT'S LATEST COMMERCIAL SWNT DEVELOPMENTS: OCTOBER 2009-OCTOBER 2011
    • Table 38: UNIDYM'S LATEST COMMERCIAL BUSINESS DEVELOPMENTS: 2010 - 2011
    • Table 39: ZYVEX TECHNOLOGIES COMMERCIAL DEVELOPMENTS IN CNT POLYMER COMPOSITES, 2007 - 2011
    • Table 40: LARGE U.S. CORPORATIONS LEADING IN U.S. CNT PATENT ACTIVITY*
    • Table 41: EXEMPLARY COMPANIES LEADING THE CNT INDUSTRY EVOLUTION
    • Table 42: DIVERSITY IN CNT CONSUMER MARKET PRODUCTS
    • Table 43: COMPETITIVE MATERIAL ALTERNATIVES TO CNTS FOR CERTAIN APPLICATIONS
    • Table 44: PROGRESS IN IDENTIFYING AND RESOLVING CNT TOXICOLOGICAL BEHAVIOR, 2005 - 2007
    • Table 45: PROGRESS IN IDENTIFYING AND RESOLVING CNT TOXICOLOGICAL BEHAVIOR, 2008 - 2011
    • Table 46: MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF CNTS COMPARED WITH OTHER FIBERS
    • Table 47: CNT COMPOSITES: RANGE OF POSSIBLE APPLICATIONS
    • Table 48: CNT COMPOSITES: PROPERTIES ENDOWED
    • Table 49: MECHANICAL PROPERTY ENHANCEMENTS IN VARIOUS CNT COMPOSITES
    • Table 50: ENHANCEMENTS CLAIMED IN VARIOUS CNT CERAMIC SYSTEMS
    • Table 51: SOME EXAMPLES OF CNT-METAL COMPOSITES
    • Table 52: EXAMPLES OF CNT-POLYMER COMPOSITE MATRIX SYSTEMS AMENABLE TO COMMERCIAL PROCESSING AND APPLICATION
    • Table 53: SOME EXAMPLES OF CNT-POLYMER COMPOSITES
    • Table 54: VARIOUS PROCESSING STRATEGIES USED TO MANUFACTURE POLYMER-CNT COMPOSITES
    • Table 55: ULTIMATE MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF CNT FIBERS AND EXAMPLES OF THEIR ENHANCEMENT IN VARIOUS POLYMER COMPOSITE SYSTEMS
    • Table 56: KEY PROPERTIES CONTROLLING ULTIMATE REINFORCING AND CONDUCTIVITY POTENTIAL OF SWNTS IN A POLYMER MATRIX
    • Table 57: POLYMER COMPOSITE CNT PRODUCTS CURRENTLY MANUFACTURED OR UNDER COMMERCIAL DEVELOPMENT
    • Table 58: LEADING COMPANIES INVOLVED IN THE COMMERCIAL DEVELOPMENT OF CNT-POLYMER COMPOSITES
    • Table 59: MOST ACTIVE COMPANIES ACCORDING TO CNT-POLYMER COMPOSITE U.S. PATENTS, 2007 - DECEMBER 29, 2011
    • Table 60: OTHER ACTIVE ORGANIZATIONS ACCORDING TO U.S. CNT-POLYMER COMPOSITE PATENTS, 2007 - DECEMBER 29, 2011
    • Table 61: EXAMPLES OF READY-TO-MOLD HYPERION AUTOMOTIVE MWNT-RESIN COMPOUNDS
    • Table 62: COMPARATIVE PERFORMANCE FOR HYPERION CONDUCTIVE AUTOMOTIVE MWNT-RESIN COMPOUNDS
    • Table 63: ADVANTAGES OF MWNTS COMPARED WITH CONVENTIONAL CONDUCTIVE FILLERS USED IN MOLDED AUTOMOTIVE PLASTICS
    • Table 64: CLASSIFICATION OF CONDUCTIVE MOLDED PLASTICS ACCORDING TO FILLER LOADING AND ELECTRICAL PROPERTIES
    • Table 65: VARIOUS APPLICATIONS OF MWNTS IN ELECTROSTATICALLY DISSIPATIVE PLASTIC AUTO COMPONENTS
    • Table 66: ADVANCES IN IMPROVING THE STRENGTH AND CONDUCTIVITY OF POLYMER-CNT COMPOSITES, 2007 - 2009
    • Table 67: RECENT DEVELOPMENTS IN AEROSPACE CF COMPOSITES INDUSTRY
    • Table 68: VARIOUS ELECTRONIC APPLICATIONS OF MWNTS IN MOLDED PLASTIC ELECTRONIC COMPONENTS
    • Table 69: CNT COMPOSITE COMPANIES ATTRACTING MILITARY AND OTHER CIVILIAN APPLICATIONS DEVELOPMENT
    • Table 70: FUTURE SPACE APPLICATIONS FOR CNTS
    • Table 71: SPORTING GOODS PROTOTYPES BASED ON MWNT-PLASTIC COMPOSITES
    • Table 72: RECENT PATENT ACTIVITY IN CNT DRY ADHESIVE SYSTEMS*
    • Table 73: ORGANIZATIONS EXPLORING CNT-BASED OR OTHER CARBON-BASED INKS AND SMART COATINGS
    • Table 74: COMPARATIVE PROPERTY PERFORMANCE OF CONDUCTIVE TRANSPARENT COMPOSITE COATINGS
    • Table 75: U.S. ORGANIZATIONS LEADING THE ELECTRONICS SECTOR WITH CNT PATENTS, 2010-DECEMBER 29, 2011
    • Table 76: LEADING ASIAN AND EUROPEAN ORGANIZATIONS HOLDING ELECTRONICS CNT PATENTS, 2010-DECEMBER 29, 2011
    • Table 77: KEY CNT PROPERTIES ATTRACTING FUTURE ELECTRONIC APPLICATIONS
    • Table 78: ORGANIZATIONS INVOLVED IN CNT ELECTRONIC THERMAL MANAGEMENT APPLICATIONS
    • Table 79: LEADING COMPANIES WITH CNTFET PATENT INTEREST
    • Table 80: ADVANTAGES OF CNTS AS A COLD FE CATHODE
    • Table 81: ADVANTAGES OF FE DISPLAYS OVER LCDS
    • Table 82: MAJOR FACTORS DICTATING EMERGENCE OF CNT-BASED TECHNOLOGY IN FPD MARKETPLACE
    • Table 83: LEADING U.S. ORGANIZATIONS INVOLVED IN U.S. CNT FED-DISPLAY PATENT ACTIVITY, 2000-DECEMBER 29, 2011
    • Table 84: LEADING FOREIGN COUNTRIES INVOLVED IN U.S. CNT-FED DISPLAY PATENT ACTIVITY, 2000-DECEMBER 29, 2011
    • Table 85: MAJOR PLAYERS AND ANCILLIARY GROUPS/COMPANIES INVOLVED IN CNT-FED HISTORY AND DEVELOPMENT
    • Table 86: ORGANIZATIONS ACTIVELY INVOLVED IN CNT-FED PROTOTYPES, 2000 - 2011
    • Table 87: ADVANTAGES AND CHALLENGES OF MOTOROLA'S CNT-BASED FED COMPARED WITH EXISTENT FPD TECHNOLOGIES
    • Table 88: EXAMPLES OF OTHER FED APPLICATIONS
    • Table 89: ADVANTAGES OF FE-CNT FLUORESCENT WHITE LIGHT SOURCE OVER CONVENTIONAL LAMPS
    • Table 90: RATIONALIZING CNT SYNTHESIS WITH END-USE FE PERFORMANCE REQUIREMENTS
    • Table 91: ORGANIZATIONS WITH U.S. PATENT ACTIVITY RELATING TO CNT-BASED FE LIGHT-SOURCES
    • Table 92: LEADING ORGANIZATIONS INVOLVED IN THE APPLICATION OF CNTS IN FLEXIBLE ELECTRONICS AND DISPLAYS
    • Table 93: ATTRACTIVE PROPERTIES OF CNTS FOR MEMORY APPLICATIONS
    • Table 94: LEADING COMMERCIAL PLAYERS IN CNT-MEMORY INITIATIVES BASED ON U.S. PATENTS, 1997 - DECEMBER 29, 2011
    • Table 95: RECENT DEVELOPMENTS IN OTHER APPLICATIONS OF CNTS USED IN ELECTRONIC DEVICES
    • Table 96: LEADING PLAYERS IN CNT-BASED BATTERY TECHNOLOGY ACCORDING TO U.S. PATENT ACTIVITY, 2004-DECEMBER 29, 2011
    • Table 97: CNTS ENDEARING PROPERTIES USED IN FUEL CELL APPLICATIONS
    • Table 98: KEY PROPERTIES AFFECTING FUEL CELL PERFORMANCE
    • Table 99: LEADING ORGANIZATIONS PATENTING U.S. CNT FUEL CELL ENHANCEMENTS, 2002 - DECEMBER 30, 2006
    • Table 100: PATENT ACTIVITY IN CNT-BASED FUEL CELL APPLICATIONS AMONG U.S. ORGANIZATIONS, 2007 - DECEMBER 29, 2011
    • Table 101: PATENT ACTIVITY IN U.S. CNT-BASED FUEL CELL APPLICATIONS AMONG FOREIGN ORGANIZATIONS, 2007-DECEMBER 29, 2011
    • Table 102: EARLY PATENT ACTIVITY IN U.S. CNT-BASED HYDROGEN STORAGE APPLICATIONS, 1997 - APRIL 2006
    • Table 103: LEADING U.S. AND FOREIGN PATENT ACTIVITY IN U.S. CNT-BASED HYDROGEN STORAGE APPLICATIONS, 2007 - DECEMBER 29, 2011
    • Table 104: PERFORMANCE COMPARISON OF ENERGY STORAGE DEVICES
    • Table 105: ADVANTAGES OF SUPERCAPACITOR ELECTRICAL STORAGE DEVICES COMPARED WITH BATTERIES
    • Table 106: COMPARATIVE PERFORMANCE OF BATTERIES VERSUS CAPACITORS
    • Table 107: U.S. PATENT ACTIVITY IN U.S. CNT-BASED EDL CAPACITORS AND APPLICATIONS, 1997 - DECEMBER 30, 2006
    • Table 108: LEADING ORGANIZATIONS INVOLVED IN U.S. CNT-BASED EDL CAPACITOR PATENT ACTIVITY, 2007 - DECEMBER 29, 2011
    • Table 109: ACADEMIC RESEARCH ACTIVITIES IN CNT-BASED SOLAR CELLS
    • Table 110: MORE RECENT DEVELOPMENTS IN CNT-BASED SOLAR CELLS, 2010 TO 2012
    • Table 111: CNT PATENT ACTIVITY IN SOLAR CELL APPLICATIONS, 1997 - DECEMBER 30, 2006
    • Table 112: PATENT ACTIVITY LEADERS IN CNT-BASED SOLAR CELL APPLICATIONS, 2007 - DECEMBER 29, 2011
    • Table 113: PATENT ACTIVITY IN U.S. CNT-BASED APPLICATIONS USED IN OTHER ENERGY CONVERSION SYSTEMS, 2007-DECEMBER 29, 2011
    • Table 114: ATTRACTIVE PROPERTIES OF CNTS AS SEPARATION MEMBRANES
    • Table 115: ORGANIZATIONS WITH U.S. PATENT ACTIVITY IN CNT MEMBRANES, FILTRATION AND SEPARATION MEDIA, 2007-DECEMBER 29, 2011
    • Table 116: RESEARCH AND COMMERCIAL PROTOTYPE DEVELOPMENTS OF VARIOUS CNT-BASED MEMBRANE SEPARATION TECHNOLOGIES
    • Table 117: TYPES OF CNT SENSORS
    • Table 118: RECENT TYPES OF CNT BIOSENSOR SYSTEMS
    • Table 119: KEY PROPERTIES OF CNTS EXPLOITED IN SENSOR APPLICATIONS
    • Table 120: LEADING ORGANIZATIONS INVOLVED IN U.S. CNT-SENSOR PATENT ACTIVITY, 2007 - DECEMBER 29, 2011
    • Table 121: POTENTIAL USES OF CNTS IN THE BIOMEDICAL AREA
    • Table 122: RESEARCH DEVELOPMENTS IN CNT BIOMEDICAL APPLICATIONS, PRIOR TO 2007
    • Table 123: RESEARCH DEVELOPMENTS IN CNT BIOMEDICAL APPLICATIONS, 2007-2009
    • Table 124: RESEARCH DEVELOPMENTS IN CNT BIOMEDICAL APPLICATIONS, 2010 - 2011
    • Table 125: U.S. PATENT ACTIVITY LEADERS IN CNT CATALYST SUPPORTS, 2007 - DECEMBER 29, 2011
    • Table 126: APPLICATIONS OF CNTS IN PHOTOCATALYTIC SYSTEMS
    • Table 127: U.S. CNT PATENT ACTIVITY INVOLVING ACTUATORS, INSTRUMENTS AND MANIPULATORS, 2009 - DECEMBER 29, 2011
    • Table 128: U.S. PATENT ACTIVITY IN CNT ENHANCEMENTS IN OIL RECOVERY, 2010 - DECEMBER 29, 2011
    • Table 129: LEADING ORGANIZATIONS INVOLVED IN VARIOUS CNT-BASED SECURITY APPLICATIONS
    • Table 130: GLOBAL MARKET FORECAST FOR MWNT ANNUAL PRODUCTION AND REVENUES: TIER 1 COMPANIES, THROUGH 2016
    • Table 131: GLOBAL ANNUAL PRODUCTION COMMITMENT FOR COMMERCIAL SWNTS AND REVENUES: TIER 1 COMPANIES, THROUGH 2016
    • Table 132: FORECAST FOR SPECIALTY FWNTS PRODUCTION AND REVENUES, THROUGH 2016
    • Table 133: COMMERCIAL PROTOTYPE DEVELOPMENTS IN CNT POLYMER COMPOSITES
    • Table 134: COMMERCIAL PROTOTYPE DEVELOPMENTS IN OTHER MATRIX COMPOSITES
    • Table 135: COMMERCIAL PROTOTYPE DEVELOPMENTS IN ELECTRONICS
    • Table 136: COMMERCIAL PROTOTYPE DEVELOPMENTS IN ENERGY
    • Table 137: COMMERCIAL PROTOTYPE DEVELOPMENTS IN OTHER APPLICATIONS
    • Table 138: ANNUAL PRODUCTION COMMITMENT AND REVENUES FOR U.S. COMMERCIAL MWNT PRODUCERS: TIER 1 COMPANIES, THROUGH 2016
    • Table 139: ANNUAL PRODUCTION COMMITMENT AND REVENUES OF U.S. COMMERCIAL SWNT PRODUCERS: TIER 1 COMPANIES, THROUGH 2016
    • Table 140: FORECAST FOR NORTH AMERICAN SPECIALTY FWNTS PRODUCTION: REVENUES, THROUGH 2016
    • Table 141: OTHER COMPANIES AIDING GLOBAL CNT COMMERCIALIZATION
    • Table 142: EUROPEAN PRODUCTION COMMITMENT AND REVENUES OF COMMERCIAL MWNTS: TIER 1 COMPANIES, THROUGH 2016
    • Table 143: EUROPEAN ANNUAL PRODUCTION COMMITMENT OF COMMERCIAL SWNTS AND REVENUES: TIER 1 THOMAS SWAN, THROUGH 2016
    • Table 144: JAPANESE ANNUAL COMMERCIAL PRODUCTION COMMITMENT AND REVENUES FOR MWNTS: TIER 1 SHOWA DENKO COMPANY, THROUGH 2016
    • Table 145: UNCONFIRMED ANNUAL PRODUCTION COMMITMENT OF COMMERCIAL MWNTS: TIER 2 ASIAN COMPANIES, 2011-2016
    • Table 146: UNCONFIRMED ASIAN COMMERCIAL SWNT PRODUCTION COMMITMENT: TIER 2 COMPANIES, 2011-2016
    • Table 147: PROS AND CONS FOR CNT FE DISPLAY MARKET

List of Figures

  • Summary Figure: GLOBAL MARKET FOR CNT GRADES BASED ON COMMITTED PRODUCTION, 2011-2016
    • Figure 1: FORMATION OF A SWNT STRUCTURE
    • Figure 2: CNT STRUCTURES
    • Figure 3: CNT PATENTS ISSUED, 1994-2011
    • Figure 4: BREAKDOWN OF THE MAIN INDUSTRY/APPLICATION SECTORS DERIVED FROM U.S. CNT ISSUED PATENTS, 1994-2004
    • Figure 5: BREAKDOWN OF THE MAIN INDUSTRY/APPLICATION SECTORS FROM U.S. CNT ISSUED PATENTS, 2007-JUNE 30, 2009
    • Figure 6: U.S. AND FOREIGN CNT PATENTS ISSUED, CLASSIFIED ACCORDING TO INDUSTRIAL/APPLICATIONS SECTORS, 1994 - 2002
    • Figure 7: U.S. AND FOREIGN CNT PATENTS ISSUED, CLASSIFIED ACCORDING TO INDUSTRY/APPLICATION SECTOR, 2003-2004
    • Figure 8: U.S. AND FOREIGN CNT PATENTS ISSUED, CLASSIFIED ACCORDING TO INDUSTRIAL/APPLICATION SECTOR, 2007 TO JUNE 30, 2009
    • Figure 9: U.S. VERSUS ASIAN CNT PATENTS ISSUED, 1994 - 2004
    • Figure 10: EUROPEAN AND OTHER COUNTRIES WITH U.S. CNT ISSUED PATENTS, 1994 - 2004
    • Figure 11: U.S. CNT PATENTS ISSUED: ASIA, 2007 - JUNE 30, 2009
    • Figure 12: U.S. CNT PATENTS ISSUED: EUROPEAN AND OTHER COUNTRIES, 2007 - JUNE 30, 2009
    • Figure 13: U.S. CNT PATENTS ISSUED: ASIA, 2011 - 2012
    • Figure 14: U.S. CNT PATENTS ISSUED: EUROPEAN AND OTHER COUNTRIES, 2010 - 2011
    • Figure 15: LEADING U.S. STATES WITH U.S. CNT ISSUED PATENTS, 2009 - NOVEMBER 21, 2011
    • Figure 16: GROWTH AND BACKLOG IN U.S. PATENTS FILED 2001-DECEMBER 29, 2011
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