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Powder Metallurgy: Technologies and Global Markets

BCC Research projects that the powder shipments are expected to approach $7.4 billion in value terms in 2014 from nearly $6.9 billion in 2013 to reach nearly $10.6 billion in 2019 by a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 7.5% for the period of 2014 to 2019.

This report provides:

  • An overview of the global powder metallurgy market.
  • Analyses of global market trends, with data from 2013, estimates for 2014, and projections of compound annual growth rates (CAGRs) through 2019.
  • Discussion of manufacturing capability and consumption by regional markets.
  • Examinations of industry standards, government and industry support, and other key factors related to the success of powder metallurgy.
  • Projections of technological issues, trends, and other influential factors.
  • Comprehensive profiles of leading companies in the industry that manufacture powder metal and other related materials used in the process, such as ceramics and nanopowders, special alloys, and metal matrix composites; and companies that make parts and components for automotive products, industrial and tolling equipment, recreation and hobby items, appliances, business machines, and other products.

STUDY GOAL AND OBJECTIVES

This report, an update of an earlier BCC Research report, has the goal of providing the most up-to-date information on the current status of the global powder metallurgy market and to assess its growth potential during the period from 2013 to 2019. The different types of metal powders and their consumption in different applications are of particular interest.

REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY

Powder metallurgy (PM) has been a steady industry over the past several decades, growing from the 1980s. Much of its growth derived from metal powder-based parts used to replace castings, forgings and machined parts. The industry has consistently demonstrated that it could meet the demand of manufacturers at a lower cost than other technologies.

PM technology is still evolving, and the industry has adopted particulates (i.e., powders and materials not made solely of metals). Products are changing, too, and PM can be adapted or modified to meet their demands. BCC Research last examined this market in October 2012, and thus considers this an appropriate time to analyze recent developments.

SCOPE OF REPORT

This report analyzes the PM industry on a global basis, including manufacturing capability and consumption by regional markets. It also examines industry standards, government and industry support, and other key factors related to the success of powder metallurgy.

Market drivers within the industry are identified. The quantity and value of various powders and parts shipments are projected from 2013 to 2014, and then over a five-year period from 2014 to 2019. Technological issues and trends are projected and other influential factors are discussed.

The report identifies major manufacturers of powder metal and other related materials, such as ceramics and nanopowders, special alloys and metal matrix composites. It also includes companies that make parts and components for automotive products, industrial and tolling equipment, recreation and hobby items, appliances, business machines and other products.

ANALYST'S CREDENTIALS

The author of the BCC Research report on which this updated edition is based is Robert H. Moran. Mr. Moran has worked as a technology market analyst and technology writer for more than 20 years and is the author of numerous BCC Research reports. He has authored reports covering various deposition technologies, displays, solar energy and solid-state lighting. He earned a B.S. degree in Economics from the University of Pennsylvania.

The analyst responsible for updating the report is Andrew McWilliams, a partner in the Boston-based international technology and marketing consulting firm 43rd Parallel LLC. Mr. McWilliams is the author or co-author of many other BCC Research studies, including studies in related fields such as AVM078A New Electronic Materials and Device Technologies: Global Markets; EGY053C Advanced Materials and Devices for Renewable Energy: Global Markets; AVM015G High-Performance Ceramic Coatings: Markets and Technologies; NAN015F Advanced Ceramics and Nanoceramic Powders; AVM028F Global Markets for Friction Products and Materials; and NAN021F Global Markets for Nanocomposites, Nanoparticles, Nanoclays and Nanotubes.

Table of Contents

CHAPTER 1 - INTRODUCTION

  • STUDY GOAL AND OBJECTIVES
  • REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY
  • SCOPE OF REPORT
  • METHODOLOGY
  • INFORMATION SOURCES
  • ANALYST'S CREDENTIALS
  • RELATED BCC RESEARCH REPORTS
  • BCC RESEARCH WEBSITE
  • DISCLAIMER

CHAPTER 2 - SUMMARY

  • SUMMARY TABLE: GLOBAL POWDER METALLURGY PARTS AND POWDER SHIPMENTS, THROUGH 2019 (MILLION POUNDS/$ MILLIONS)
  • SUMMARY FIGURE: GLOBAL POWDER METALLURGY PARTS AND POWDERS SHIPMENTS, 2013-2019 ($ MILLIONS)

CHAPTER 3 - OVERVIEW

  • HISTORY
    • RECENT POWDER METALLURGY INDUSTRY ACTIVITY
  • POWDER METALLURGY PROCESS
    • TABLE 1: OVERVIEW OF THE POWDER METALLURGY PROCESS
  • MAKING METAL POWDERS
    • TABLE 2: BASIC POWDER MANUFACTURING PROCESSES
    • PARTICULATE MATERIALS
  • POWDER METALLURGY APPLICATIONS
    • TABLE 3: END PRODUCTS THAT USE POWDER METALLURGY PARTS

CHAPTER 4 - INDUSTRY STRUCTURE

  • INDUSTRY STRUCTURE
    • TABLE 4: GLOBAL POWDER METALLURGY INDUSTRY STRUCTURE, 2013
  • KEY COMPANIES IN THE POWDER METALLURGY INDUSTRY
    • TABLE 5: KEY COMPANIES IN THE GLOBAL POWDER METALLURGY INDUSTRY
  • CHARACTERISTICS OF THE 2013 POWDER METALLURGY INDUSTRY
  • POWDER METALLURGY MANUFACTURING BY REGION
    • TABLE 6: GLOBAL SHARE OF POWDER METALLURGY MANUFACTURING BY REGION, 2013-2019 (%)
    • FIGURE 1 GLOBAL SHARE OF POWDER METALLURGY MANUFACTURING BY REGION, 2013-2019 (%)
  • CONSUMPTION OF POWDER METALLURGY PRODUCTS BY REGION
    • TABLE 7: POWDER METALLURGY CONSUMPTION BY REGION, 2013-2019 (%)
    • FIGURE 2: POWDER METALLURGY CONSUMPTION BY REGION, 2013-2019` (%)
  • MARKET LEADERS
    • LEADING PARTS AND COMPONENT FABRICATORS
      • FIGURE 3: LEADING POWDER METALLURGY COMPONENT MANUFACTURERS, 2013 (%)
    • LEADING METAL POWDER PRODUCERS
      • FIGURE 4: LEADING POWDER METALLURGY POWDER MANUFACTURERS, 2013 (%)
  • COMPANY PROFILES
    • ACUPOWDER INTERNATIONAL
    • ADVANCED MATERIALS TECHNOLOGIES PTE LTD.
    • ADVANCED METALWORKING PRACTICES
    • ALPHA SINTERED METAL INC.
    • BASF
    • BORGWARNER INC.
    • CAPSTAN
    • CARPENTER TECHNOLOGY CORP.
    • CHICAGO POWDER METAL PRODUCTS
    • DORST TECHNOLOGIES
    • FEDERAL-MOGUL CORP.
    • FUKUDA METAL FOIL AND POWDER CO. LTD.
    • GKN SINTER METALS
    • H.C. STARCK
    • HITACHI POWDERED METALS CO. LTD.
    • HOEGANAES CORP.
    • HOGANAS AB
    • KENNAMETAL INC.
    • METAL POWDER PRODUCTS COMPANY
    • MIBA AG
    • NIPPON KAGAKU YAKIN COMPANY LTD.
    • NIPPON PISTON RING CO. LTD.
    • OBE GMBH
    • RAINBOW MING INDUSTRIAL CO.
    • STACKPOLE LIMITED

CHAPTER 5 - TECHNOLOGY

  • CONVENTIONAL POWDER METALLURGY
    • TABLE 8: POWDER METALLURGY PROCESS
  • POWDER MIXING
  • COMPACTING
    • Single-Action Pressing
    • Multiaction Pressing
    • Double-Die Pressing
      • TABLE 9: PARTS BY COMPLEXITY, THICKNESS AND PRESSING
  • SINTERING
    • TABLE 10: CONTINUOUS-SINTERING FURNACES BY TYPE
    • Sinter Hardening
  • FULLY DENSE PROCESSING
    • HOT ISOSTATIC PRESSING
      • TABLE 11: BASIC HOT ISOSTATIC PRESSING PROCESS
    • COLD ISOSTATIC PRESSING
      • TABLE 12: BASIC COLD ISOSTATIC PRESSING PROCESS
  • ROLL COMPACTION
  • HOT EXTRUSION
  • METAL-INJECTION MOLDING
    • TABLE 13: BASIC METAL INJECTION MOLDING PROCESS
    • Powder-Injection Molding
  • HIGH-DENSITY PROCESSING OF FERROUS METAL PARTS
    • IMPACT OF RAW MATERIALS
    • DIE WALL LUBRICATION
    • HIGH-TEMPERATURE SINTERING
    • WARM COMPACTION
      • TABLE 14: WARM COMPACTING PROCESS
    • POWDER FORGING
  • SECONDARY OPERATIONS
    • TABLE 15: SECONDARY OPERATIONS
    • COINING AND SIZING
    • IMPREGNATION
    • INFILTRATION
    • HEAT TREATING
    • MACHINING
    • FINISHING
  • METAL POWDER PRODUCTION AND PROCESSING
    • FERROUS-POWDER PRODUCTION
      • Atomization
        • TABLE 16: WATER AND GAS ATOMIZATION PROCESS COMPARISONS
      • Reduction of Oxides
      • Electrolytic Deposition
    • OTHER POWDER PROCESSING OPERATIONS
      • Diffusion Bonding
      • Segregation-Free Processing
    • NONFERROUS POWDER PRODUCTION
      • Aluminum-Based Powders
        • Air or Inert Gas Atomization
        • Ball Milling
      • Copper-Based Powders
        • Oxide Reduction
        • Water or Air Atomization
      • Nickel-Based Powders
        • Hydrometallurgical Processing
        • Gas Atomization
        • Plasma-Rotating Electrode Process
      • Titanium-Based Powders
        • Kroll Process
        • Plasma Quench Processing
      • Refractory Metal Powders
  • RECENT DEVELOPMENTS
    • EXPANDING THE DEFINITION OF POWDER METALLURGY MATERIALS
      • TABLE 17: PARTICULATE MATERIALS
  • IMPACT OF PARTICULATES ON INDUSTRY EXPANSION
    • Materials Mix
    • Benefits to the Industry
      • TABLE 18 BENEFITS OF ADDED MATERIALS TO THE POWDER METALLURGY INDUSTRY
    • Make or Outsource Materials
    • Component Manufacture Modifications
  • ADVANCES IN MATERIALS AND PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY
    • Other Injection-Molding Processes
  • ADVANCED CERAMIC POWDERS
    • Powder Types
      • TABLE 19: COMMONLY USED ADVANCED CERAMIC MATERIALS
    • Powder-Synthesis Techniques
  • NANO-CERAMIC POWDERS
    • Nanocomposite Ceramic Powder
    • Nanoceramic Applications
      • TABLE 20: COMMERCIAL APPLICATIONS FOR CERAMIC NANOPOWDERS
  • CONCLUSION
    • PATENT ANALYSIS
      • PATENTS BY SUBJECT MATTER
        • TABLE 21: PATENTS BY AREA OF POWDER METALLURGY TECHNOLOGY, 2008-MARCH 2014 (NO./%)
      • PATENTS BY REGION
        • TABLE 22: POWDER METALLURGY PATENTS BY REGION, 2008--MARCH 2014 (NO/%)
      • PATENTS BY COMPANIES
        • TABLE 23: COMPANIES WITH TWO OR MORE PATENTS, 2008-MARCH 2014 (NO/%)
    • SAMPLE ABSTRACTS
      • Method of Using a Feedstock Composition for Powder Metallurgy
      • Powder Metallurgical Compositions Containing Organometallic Lubricants
      • Powder Metallurgy Sputtering Targets and Their Production Methods
      • Making Sinter-Forged, High-Strength Aluminum Parts
      • Method for Making a Forged, Carburized Powder-Metal Part
      • Making a Turbine Blisk
      • Composite Cutting Inserts and Methods of Making the Same

CHAPTER 6 - COMPETITIVE ENVIRONMENT

  • ECONOMIC TRENDS
    • FIGURE 5: ANNUAL GROWTH RATE OF GLOBAL GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT, 2012-2019 (CAGR%)
  • MOTOR VEHICLE PRODUCTION
    • TABLE 24: GLOBAL MOTOR VEHICLE PRODUCTION, THROUGH 2019 (MILLION UNITS)
  • INDUSTRY AND TRADE SUPPORT
    • NORTH AMERICA
      • Metal Powder Industries Federation
        • TABLE 25: TRADE ASSOCIATIONS IN THE METAL POWDER INDUSTRIES FEDERATION
      • Pennsylvania State University Center for Innovative Sintered Products
        • TABLE 26: PENNSYLVANIA STATE UNIVERSITY CENTER FOR INNOVATIVE SINTERED
  • PRODUCTS COLLABORATING UNIVERSITIES
    • EUROPE
      • European Powder Metallurgy Association
        • TABLE 27: EUROPEAN POWDER METALLURGY ASSOCIATION'S KEY GOALS
    • ASIA-PACIFIC
      • Japan Powder Metallurgy Association
      • Powder Metallurgy Association of India
        • TABLE 28: POWDER METALLURGY ASSOCIATION OF INDIA'S MAJOR OBJECTIVES
    • OTHER REGIONS
  • STANDARDS DEVELOPMENT
    • TEST METHODS
    • POWDER-PRESS SAFETY STANDARDS
    • OTHER STANDARDS

CHAPTER 7 - POWDER METALLURGY MATERIALS AND PARTS MARKETS

  • FERROUS POWDER METALS AND PARTS
    • FERROUS METAL-POWDER CHARACTERISTICS AND PROPERTIES
      • Metal-Powder Properties
        • Particle Size and Distribution
          • TABLE 29: STANDARD U.S. SIEVE SIZES (MICRONS/INCHES)
        • Apparent or Tap Density
        • Flow Rate
          • TABLE 30: SAMPLE PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL IRON-BASED POWDERS
      • Ferrous-Powder Types
        • TABLE 31: SAMPLE COMPOSITION OF SINTERED AUTOMOTIVE STEEL STRUCTURAL COMPONENT MATERIALS
  • FERROUS POWDER METALLURGY APPLICATIONS
    • Automotive Applications
      • TABLE 32: REPRESENTATIVE AUTOMOTIVE APPLICATIONS FOR POWDER METALLURGY PARTS
      • Ferrous Structural Automotive Parts
        • Engine Connecting Rods
        • Engine Main-Bearing Caps
        • Camshaft Lobes
        • Exhaust-System Flanges
        • Bearings, Gears and Sprockets
        • Transmission Components
        • Torque Converter Turbine Hubs
        • Valve Guides and Valve Seat Inserts
        • Steering Systems
        • Braking Systems
      • Ferrous Self-Lubricating Bearings
      • Ferrous Magnetic Parts
      • Ferrous Friction Materials
    • Advantages of Powder Metallurgies in Automotive Applications
      • TABLE 33: ADVANTAGES OF POWDER METALLURGIES IN AUTOMOTIVE APPLICATIONS
    • Non-Automotive Applications of Ferrous-Powder Metallurgies
  • MARKET ANALYSIS
    • Iron and Steel Powders
      • TABLE 34: GLOBAL SHIPMENTS OF IRON AND STEEL POWDERS AND PARTS, THROUGH 2019 (MILLION POUNDS/$ MILLIONS)
      • FIGURE 6 GLOBAL IRON AND STEEL POWDERS AND PARTS SHIPMENTS, 2013-2019 ($ MILLIONS)
    • Volume Projections
      • TABLE 35: GLOBAL SHIPMENT TRENDS FOR MOTOR VEHICLES AND IRON AND STEEL POWDERS, 2007-2013 (MILLION VEHICLES/ TONS)
    • Price Considerations
  • STAINLESS-STEEL POWDERS
    • Characteristics and Properties
    • Applications
      • TABLE 36 MAJOR APPLICATIONS FOR STAINLESS-STEEL POWDERS
    • Market Analysis
      • TABLE 37: GLOBAL SHIPMENTS OF STAINLESS-STEEL POWDERS AND PARTS, THROUGH 2019 (MILLION POUNDS/$ MILLIONS)
      • FIGURE 7: GLOBAL SHIPMENTS OF STAINLESS-STEEL POWDERS AND PARTS, 2013-2019 ($ MILLIONS)
  • ALUMINUM POWDERS AND PARTS
    • ALUMINUM POWDER AND PARTS PROPERTIES
      • Advantages of Aluminum Powder Metallurgy
        • TABLE 38: ADVANTAGES OF ALUMINUM POWDER METALLURGY
      • Search for Weight Reduction
      • Density: A Positive Factor
  • ALUMINUM POWDER APPLICATIONS
    • Automotive Applications
      • Cam-Shaft Bearing Caps
    • Aerospace Applications
      • Metal Matrix Composites
        • TABLE 39: METAL MATRIX COMPOSITE MANUFACTURING METHODS
    • Thermal Management Applications
    • Other Applications
  • ALUMINUM POWDER AND PARTS MARKET ASSESSMENT
    • TABLE 40: GLOBAL SHIPMENTS OF ALUMINUM POWDER AND PARTS, THROUGH 2019 (MILLION POUNDS/$ MILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 8: GLOBAL SHIPMENTS OF ALUMINUM POWDERS AND PARTS, 2013-2019 ($ MILLIONS)
    • Volume Projections
    • Price Considerations
  • COPPER POWDERS AND COPPER-BASED PARTS
    • COPPER POWDER PROPERTIES
      • TABLE 41: PRIMARY ADVANTAGES OF COPPER POWDER
    • Hybrid Vehicles
    • Bronze Bearings, Filters and Related Parts
    • High-Conductivity Structural Parts
    • Other Copper Powder Metallurgy Applications
      • Friction Materials
  • COPPER POWDER AND PARTS MARKET ASSESSMENT
    • TABLE 42: GLOBAL COPPER POWDER AND PARTS SHIPMENTS, THROUGH 2019 (MILLION POUNDS/$ MILLION)
    • FIGURE 9: GLOBAL COPPER POWDERS AND PARTS SHIPMENTS, 2013-2019 ($ MILLIONS)
    • Volume Projections
    • Price Considerations
  • NICKEL-BASED POWDERS AND PARTS
    • NICKEL-POWDER PROPERTIES
      • TABLE 43: NICKEL-POWDER PROPERTIES
    • NICKEL-POWDER APPLICATIONS
      • TABLE 44: NICKEL-POWDER APPLICATIONS BY POWDER TYPE
    • NICKEL POWDER AND PARTS MARKET ASSESSMENT
      • TABLE 45: GLOBAL NICKEL POWDER AND PART SHIPMENTS, THROUGH 2019 (MILLION POUNDS/$ MILLIONS)
      • FIGURE 10: GLOBAL NICKEL POWDER AND PART SHIPMENTS, 2013-2019 ($ MILLIONS)
      • Volume Projections
      • Price Considerations
  • MARKETS FOR TUNGSTEN AND MOLYBDENUM POWDERS AND ALLOY PM PARTS
    • PROPERTIES
      • Tungsten
      • Molybdenum
    • APPLICATIONS
      • Tungsten
      • Molybdenum
    • TUNGSTEN AND MOLYBDENUM POWDER AND PARTS MARKET ASSESSMENT
      • TABLE 46: GLOBAL TUNGSTEN AND MOLYBDENUM-POWDER AND PARTS SHIPMENTS, THROUGH 2019 (MILLION POUNDS/$ MILLIONS)
      • FIGURE 11: GLOBAL TUNGSTEN AND MOLYBDENUM POWDER AND PARTS SHIPMENTS, 2013-2019 ($ MILLIONS)
      • Volume Projections
      • Price Considerations
  • TIN POWDERS AND TIN-BASE PARTS
    • PROPERTIES
    • APPLICATIONS
      • TABLE 47: MAJOR TIN POWDER APPLICATIONS
    • TIN POWDER AND PARTS MARKET ASSESSMENT
      • TABLE 48: GLOBAL TIN POWDER AND PARTS SHIPMENTS, THROUGH 2019 (MILLION POUNDS/$ MILLIONS)
      • FIGURE 12: GLOBAL SHIPMENTS OF TIN POWDERS AND PARTS, 2013-2019 ($ MILLIONS)
      • Volume Projections
      • Price Considerations
  • PARTICULATES AND OTHER ADVANCED MATERIALS
    • PROPERTIES
      • Special Alloy Materials
        • TABLE 49: ALLOYS WITH HIGH-CARBON CONTENT (%)
      • Ceramic Powders
      • Nanoceramic Powders
        • TABLE 50: METHODS FOR MAKING NANOPOWDERS
  • APPLICATIONS
    • TABLE 51: PARTICULATE AND OTHER ADVANCED-MATERIAL APPLICATIONS
  • PARTICULATE AND OTHER ADVANCED-MATERIAL MARKET ASSESSMENT
    • TABLE 52: GLOBAL PARTICULATE AND OTHER ADVANCED POWDER AND PARTS SHIPMENTS, THROUGH 2019 (MILLION POUNDS/$ MILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 13: GLOBAL PARTICULATE AND OTHER ADVANCED POWDER AND PARTS SHIPMENTS, 2013-2019 ($ MILLIONS)
    • Volume Projections
      • FIGURE 14: PARTICULATES AND SPECIAL POWDERS MARKET SHARES, 2013 (%)
    • Pricing Considerations
  • GLOBAL POWDER AND PARTS GROWTH
    • POWDER METALLURGY MATERIALS
      • Volume
        • TABLE 53: GLOBAL POWDER METAL SHIPMENT VOLUME AND MARKET SHARE BY MATERIAL TYPE, THROUGH 2019 (SHORT TONS/% MARKET SHARE)
        • FIGURE 15: GLOBAL SHIPMENT VOLUME OF POWDER MATERIALS BY MATERIAL TYPE, 2013-2019 (SHORT TONS)
        • FIGURE 16: GLOBAL POWDER METAL SHIPMENTS BY MATERIAL TYPE, 2013-2019 (%)
      • Value
        • TABLE 54: GLOBAL POWDER METALLURGY MARKET BY MATERIAL TYPE, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS AND % MARKET SHARE)
        • FIGURE 17: GLOBAL POWDER METALLURGY SHIPMENTS BY MATERIAL TYPE, 2013-2019 ($ MILLIONS)
        • FIGURE 18: GLOBAL POWDER METALLURGY SHIPMENTS BY MATERIAL TYPE, 2013-2019 (%)
  • PARTS
    • Parts Shipments by Powder Metal Type
      • TABLE 55: GLOBAL POWDER METALLURGY PARTS SHIPMENTS, 2013-2019 (MILLION POUNDS/$ MILLIONS)
    • Parts Shipments by End Use Type
      • TABLE 56: GLOBAL POWDER METALLURGY COMPONENT SHIPMENTS AND SHARE BY MARKET TYPE, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS/% MARKET SHARE)
      • FIGURE 19: GLOBAL POWDER METALLURGY COMPONENT SHIPMENTS BY MARKET TYPE, 2013-2019 ($ MILLIONS)
      • FIGURE 20: GLOBAL POWDER METALLURGY COMPONENT SHARE BY MARKET TYPE, 2013-2019 (%)

LIST OF TABLES

  • SUMMARY TABLE: GLOBAL POWDER METALLURGY PARTS AND POWDER SHIPMENTS, THROUGH 2019 (MILLION POUNDS/$ MILLIONS) 6
    • TABLE 1: OVERVIEW OF THE POWDER METALLURGY PROCESS 10
    • TABLE 2: BASIC POWDER MANUFACTURING PROCESSES 11
    • TABLE 3: END PRODUCTS THAT USE POWDER METALLURGY PARTS 12
    • TABLE 4: GLOBAL POWDER METALLURGY INDUSTRY STRUCTURE, 2013 15
    • TABLE 5: KEY COMPANIES IN THE GLOBAL POWDER METALLURGY INDUSTRY 15
    • TABLE 6: GLOBAL SHARE OF POWDER METALLURGY MANUFACTURING BY REGION, 2013-2019 (%) 20
    • TABLE 7: POWDER METALLURGY CONSUMPTION BY REGION, 2013-2019 (%) 21
    • TABLE 8: POWDER METALLURGY PROCESS 45
    • TABLE 9: PARTS BY COMPLEXITY, THICKNESS AND PRESSING 47
    • TABLE 10: CONTINUOUS-SINTERING FURNACES BY TYPE 48
    • TABLE 11: BASIC HOT ISOSTATIC PRESSING PROCESS 50
    • TABLE 12: BASIC COLD ISOSTATIC PRESSING PROCESS 51
    • TABLE 13: BASIC METAL INJECTION MOLDING PROCESS 52
    • TABLE 14: WARM COMPACTING PROCESS 54
    • TABLE 15: SECONDARY OPERATIONS 56
    • TABLE 16: WATER AND GAS ATOMIZATION PROCESS COMPARISONS 59
    • TABLE 17: PARTICULATE MATERIALS 63
    • TABLE 18: BENEFITS OF ADDED MATERIALS TO THE POWDER METALLURGY INDUSTRY 64
    • TABLE 19: COMMONLY USED ADVANCED CERAMIC MATERIALS 67
    • TABLE 20: COMMERCIAL APPLICATIONS FOR CERAMIC NANOPOWDERS 69
    • TABLE 21: PATENTS BY AREA OF POWDER METALLURGY TECHNOLOGY, 2008-MARCH 2014 (NO./%) 70
    • TABLE 22: POWDER METALLURGY PATENTS BY REGION, 2008--MARCH 2014 (NO/%) 71
    • TABLE 23: COMPANIES WITH TWO OR MORE PATENTS, 2008-MARCH 2014 (NO/%) 72
    • TABLE 24: GLOBAL MOTOR VEHICLE PRODUCTION, THROUGH 2019 (MILLION UNITS) 79
    • TABLE 25: TRADE ASSOCIATIONS IN THE METAL POWDER INDUSTRIES FEDERATION 80
    • TABLE 26: PENNSYLVANIA STATE UNIVERSITY CENTER FOR INNOVATIVE SINTERED PRODUCTS COLLABORATING UNIVERSITIES 81
    • TABLE 27: EUROPEAN POWDER METALLURGY ASSOCIATION'S KEY GOALS 82
    • TABLE 28: POWDER METALLURGY ASSOCIATION OF INDIA'S MAJOR OBJECTIVES 83
    • TABLE 29: STANDARD U.S. SIEVE SIZES (MICRONS/INCHES) 87
    • TABLE 30: SAMPLE PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL IRON-BASED POWDERS 89
    • TABLE 31: SAMPLE COMPOSITION OF SINTERED AUTOMOTIVE STEEL STRUCTURAL COMPONENT MATERIALS 89
    • TABLE 32: REPRESENTATIVE AUTOMOTIVE APPLICATIONS FOR POWDER METALLURGY PARTS 90
    • TABLE 33: ADVANTAGES OF POWDER METALLURGIES IN AUTOMOTIVE APPLICATIONS 97
    • TABLE 34: GLOBAL SHIPMENTS OF IRON AND STEEL POWDERS AND PARTS, THROUGH 2019 (MILLION POUNDS/$ MILLIONS) 98
    • TABLE 35: GLOBAL SHIPMENT TRENDS FOR MOTOR VEHICLES AND IRON AND STEEL POWDERS, 2007-2013 (MILLION VEHICLES/ TONS) 99
    • TABLE 36: MAJOR APPLICATIONS FOR STAINLESS-STEEL POWDERS 101
    • TABLE 37: GLOBAL SHIPMENTS OF STAINLESS-STEEL POWDERS AND PARTS, THROUGH 2019 (MILLION POUNDS/$ MILLIONS) 102
    • TABLE 38: ADVANTAGES OF ALUMINUM POWDER METALLURGY 103
    • TABLE 39: METAL MATRIX COMPOSITE MANUFACTURING METHODS 106
    • TABLE 40: GLOBAL SHIPMENTS OF ALUMINUM POWDER AND PARTS, THROUGH 2019 (MILLION POUNDS/$ MILLIONS) 107
    • TABLE 41: PRIMARY ADVANTAGES OF COPPER POWDER 109
    • TABLE 42: GLOBAL COPPER POWDER AND PARTS SHIPMENTS, THROUGH 2019 (MILLION POUNDS/$ MILLION) 112
    • TABLE 43: NICKEL-POWDER PROPERTIES 113
    • TABLE 44: NICKEL-POWDER APPLICATIONS BY POWDER TYPE 114
    • TABLE 45: GLOBAL NICKEL POWDER AND PART SHIPMENTS, THROUGH 2019 (MILLION POUNDS/$ MILLIONS) 115
    • TABLE 46: GLOBAL TUNGSTEN AND MOLYBDENUM-POWDER AND PARTS SHIPMENTS, THROUGH 2019 (MILLION POUNDS/$ MILLIONS) 119
    • TABLE 47: MAJOR TIN POWDER APPLICATIONS 121
    • TABLE 48: GLOBAL TIN POWDER AND PARTS SHIPMENTS, THROUGH 2019 (MILLION POUNDS/$ MILLIONS) 122
    • TABLE 49: ALLOYS WITH HIGH-CARBON CONTENT (%) 124
    • TABLE 50: METHODS FOR MAKING NANOPOWDERS 125
    • TABLE 51: PARTICULATE AND OTHER ADVANCED-MATERIAL APPLICATIONS 127
    • TABLE 52: GLOBAL PARTICULATE AND OTHER ADVANCED POWDER AND PARTS SHIPMENTS, THROUGH 2019 (MILLION POUNDS/$ MILLIONS) 128
    • TABLE 53: GLOBAL POWDER METAL SHIPMENT VOLUME AND MARKET SHARE BY MATERIAL TYPE, THROUGH 2019 (SHORT TONS/% MARKET SHARE) 130
    • TABLE 54: GLOBAL POWDER METALLURGY MARKET BY MATERIAL TYPE, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS AND % MARKET SHARE) 132
    • TABLE 55: GLOBAL POWDER METALLURGY PARTS SHIPMENTS, 2013-2019 (MILLION POUNDS/$ MILLIONS) 134
    • TABLE 56: GLOBAL POWDER METALLURGY COMPONENT SHIPMENTS AND SHARE BY MARKET TYPE, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS/% MARKET SHARE) 135

LIST OF FIGURES

  • SUMMARY FIGURE: GLOBAL POWDER METALLURGY PARTS AND POWDERS SHIPMENTS, 2013-2019 ($ MILLIONS) 7
    • FIGURE 1: GLOBAL SHARE OF POWDER METALLURGY MANUFACTURING BY REGION, 2013-2019 (%) 20
    • FIGURE 2: POWDER METALLURGY CONSUMPTION BY REGION, 2013-2019` (%) 21
    • FIGURE 3: LEADING POWDER METALLURGY COMPONENT MANUFACTURERS, 2013 (%) 22
    • FIGURE 4: LEADING POWDER METALLURGY POWDER MANUFACTURERS, 2013 (%) 23
    • FIGURE 5: ANNUAL GROWTH RATE OF GLOBAL GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT, 2012-2019 (CAGR%) 78
    • FIGURE 6: GLOBAL IRON AND STEEL POWDERS AND PARTS SHIPMENTS, 2013--2019 ($ MILLIONS) 98
    • FIGURE 7: GLOBAL SHIPMENTS OF STAINLESS-STEEL POWDERS AND PARTS, 2013-2019 ($ MILLIONS) 102
    • FIGURE 8: GLOBAL SHIPMENTS OF ALUMINUM POWDERS AND PARTS, 2013-2019 ($ MILLIONS) 107
    • FIGURE 9: GLOBAL COPPER POWDERS AND PARTS SHIPMENTS, 2013-2019 ($ MILLIONS) 112
    • FIGURE 10: GLOBAL NICKEL POWDER AND PART SHIPMENTS, 2013-2019 ($ MILLIONS) 115
    • FIGURE 11: GLOBAL TUNGSTEN AND MOLYBDENUM POWDER AND PARTS SHIPMENTS, 2013-2019 ($ MILLIONS) 119
    • FIGURE 12: GLOBAL SHIPMENTS OF TIN POWDERS AND PARTS, 2013-2019 ($ MILLIONS) 122
    • FIGURE 13: GLOBAL PARTICULATE AND OTHER ADVANCED POWDER AND PARTS SHIPMENTS, 2013-2019 ($ MILLIONS) 128
    • FIGURE 14: PARTICULATES AND SPECIAL POWDERS MARKET SHARES, 2013 (%) 128
    • FIGURE 15: GLOBAL SHIPMENT VOLUME OF POWDER MATERIALS BY MATERIAL TYPE, 2013-2019 (SHORT TONS) 131
    • FIGURE 16: GLOBAL POWDER METAL SHIPMENTS BY MATERIAL TYPE, 2013-2019 (%) 131
    • FIGURE 17: GLOBAL POWDER METALLURGY SHIPMENTS BY MATERIAL TYPE, 2013-2019 ($ MILLIONS) 133
    • FIGURE 18: GLOBAL POWDER METALLURGY SHIPMENTS BY MATERIAL TYPE, 2013-2019 (%) 133
    • FIGURE 19: GLOBAL POWDER METALLURGY COMPONENT SHIPMENTS BY MARKET TYPE, 2013-2019 ($ MILLIONS) 136
    • FIGURE 20: GLOBAL POWDER METALLURGY COMPONENT SHARE BY MARKET TYPE, 2013-2019 (%) 136
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