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Lightweight Materials in Transportation

Abstract

REPORT HIGHLIGHTS

This report provides:

An overview of the global market for lightweight materials in transportation equipment, including motor vehicles, aircraft, trains, and ships

Analyses of global market trends, with data from 2011, estimates for 2012, and projections of compound annual growth rates (CAGRs) through 2017

Identification of lightweight materials that are in commercial use or under development for transportation applications

Discussion of trends by type of material and application

Factors that will influence the long-term development of the market

Comprehensive company profiles of major players in the industry.

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REPORT SCOPE

INTRODUCTION

BACKGROUND

Reducing structural weight is one of the most important ways of reducing fuel consumption and improving the performance of motor vehicles and other types of transportation equipment. For example, an estimated 75% of the average motor vehicle's fuel consumption is directly related to factors associated with vehicle weight.

Less weight, consistent with other performance and safety requirements, means more useful work can be extracted from a unit of fuel or other energy source. In addition, weight-reducing technologies are critical to the success of new, highly efficient energy technologies such as hybrid vehicles.

Downsizing is one approach to reducing structural weight. However, practical considerations, safety standards and consumer preferences combine to limit the potential for reducing the weight of most transportation systems further through downsizing.

The alternative to downsizing is the development of materials that combine relatively low mass (weight) with the requisite strength, flexibility and other performance criteria. The aircraft industry was the first to introduce lightweight materials (e.g., aluminum alloys) on a widespread scale beginning in the 1920s. This continues today with the adoption of lightweight composite materials.

Other industries, particularly the automotive industry, did not embrace lightweight materials as rapidly as the aircraft industry. However, in the 1990s automakers doubled their use of aluminum in an effort to reduce vehicle weight to meet federal fuel economy standards. While the Aluminum Association projects that automotive demand for aluminum should slow in the early 21st century, automakers are now incorporating increasing amounts of composites in their products.

STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES

This report is an update of a BCC Research report published in early 2011. The overall goal of this report is to provide an up-to-date assessment of the business opportunities for providers of lightweight materials that will arise over the next five years as these materials increase their penetration into various transportation markets. In support of this goal, specific objectives of the report include:

  • Identifying the lightweight materials with the greatest commercial potential in transportation applications over the next five years (2012 to 2017).
  • Estimating the potential global markets for these technologies.
  • Analyzing the technical, commercial and other prerequisites of success in these markets.

INTENDED AUDIENCE

The report is intended especially for manufacturers and users of lightweight materials in the transportation equipment industry. Although the report is structured around specific technologies, it is largely nontechnical in nature and concerned primarily with markets, pricing, competition and other marketing-related issues.

As such, the report's intended audience is mainly marketing executives, entrepreneurs, investors, venture capitalists and other readers with a need to know where the transportation market for lightweight materials is headed in the next five years. The report is not written specifically for scientists and technologists, although its findings regarding the market for their work, including the availability of government and corporate research funding for different technologies and applications, should interest them as well.

Others who should find the report informative include government agencies, environmental and public policy interest groups focusing on transportation, energy conservation, the environment and sustainable development in general.

SCOPE OF REPORT

The report is global in scope, focusing on the worldwide market for lightweight materials in transportation equipment, including motor vehicles, aircraft, trains and ships. Lightweight materials are defined broadly as materials that are used in the fabrication of equipment primarily in order to minimize weight.

As the term is used in this report, transportation equipment includes all motorized vehicles or craft used to convey people, animals or cargo between two points, except for vehicles/craft used exclusively for sports or recreation applications (e.g., glider aircraft and sailboats). Sports and recreation vehicles and craft are excluded in part because they are the subject of another BCC report, AVM053A Materials and Devices for High-Performance Sports Products. In this report, dual-purpose transportation equipment, such as small airplanes, is analyzed along with vehicles and craft whose purpose is primarily commercial.

The report also does not cover motor vehicles, ships and aircraft built for and used by the armed forces of the United States and other nations.

The report includes the following major elements:

  • Executive summary.
  • Definitions.
  • Lightweight materials that are in commercial use or under development for transportation applications.
  • Lightweight materials and applications with the greatest commercial potential through 2017.
  • Global market trends by type of material and application, 2011 to 2017.
  • Factors that will influence the long-term development of the market.

INFORMATION SOURCES AND METHODOLOGY

The information sources and methodologies used to develop the market projections in this report are discussed at length in the section "Global Market for Lightweight Materials in Transportation Applications, 2011 through 2017/Detailed Market Estimates and Projections." In general, BCC used the following approach:

  • Identified commercial as well as promising developmental materials and their target markets through a literature review and interviews with industry experts.
  • Estimated baseline (2011) market penetration ratio for each material and target market.
  • Developed forecasts of growth trends in each target market.
  • Analyzed technical, economic and other factors that will influence the ability of different materials to compete for a share of their respective market(s) and estimated future consumption of each material on this basis.

The report estimates the market for each technology in unit as well as cost terms. Average cost data were obtained from a variety of sources, including industry publications, manufacturers' price lists and contacts with industry sources. Where possible, BCC has projected 2017 prices based on factors such as historical price trends, supply-demand relationships and overall levels of production.

The report carefully documents data sources and assumptions. In this way, readers can see how the market estimates were developed and, if they so desire, they can test the impact on the final numbers of changing assumptions such as price.

ANALYST CREDENTIALS

Andrew McWilliams, the author of this report, is a partner in the Boston-based international technology and marketing consulting firm, 43rd Parallel LLC. He is the author of numerous other BCC Research business opportunity analyses, including the previous edition of this report, as well as analyses of related markets such as EGY051A Petroleum Fuel Optimization Technologies; AVM038D Advanced Structural Carbon Products: Fibers, Foams and Composites; AVM053A Materials and Devices for High-Performance Sports Products; and NAN021E Nanocomposites, Nanoparticles, Nanoclays and Nanotubes.

Table of Contents

Chapter- 1: INTRODUCTION - Complimentary

  • BACKGROUND
  • STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES
  • INTENDED AUDIENCE
  • SCOPE OF REPORT
  • INFORMATION SOURCES AND METHODOLOGY
  • ANALYST CREDENTIALS
  • RELATED BCC PUBLICATIONS
  • BCC ONLINE SERVICES
  • DISCLAIMER

Chapter- 2: EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

  • Table Summary : GLOBAL MARKET FOR LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS IN TRANSPORTATION, THROUGH 2017
  • Figure Summary : TRENDS IN GLOBAL MARKET FOR LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS USED IN TRANSPORTATION EQUIPMENT, 2011-2017

Chapter- 3: OVERVIEW

  • DEFINITIONS
  • IMPORTANCE OF LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS
  • END-USER SEGMENTS

Chapter- 4: LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS FOR TRANSPORTATION APPLICATIONS

  • OVERVIEW

Chapter- 5: PATENT ANALYSIS

  • OVERVIEW
  • PATENTS BY TYPE OF MATERIAL
  • PATENTS BY TYPE OF TRANSPORT APPLICATION

Chapter- 6: PUBLIC POLICY DIMENSIONS OF LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS

  • BACKGROUND
  • UNITED STATES
  • EUROPEAN UNION
  • JAPAN
  • OTHER COUNTRIES

Chapter- 7: GLOBAL MARKET FOR LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS USED IN TRANSPORTATION EQUIPMENT

  • SUMMARY
  • DETAILED MARKET ESTIMATES AND PROJECTIONS

Chapter- 8: COMPANY PROFILES

  • 3M CO.
  • ADVANCED MAGNESIUM ALLOYS CORP.
  • AEROSPACE METAL COMPOSITES
  • AKZO NOBEL NV
  • ALCOA INC.
  • AZDEL INC.
  • BASF SE
  • BAYER MATERIAL SCIENCE AG
  • CYTEC INDUSTRIES INC.
  • DOW CHEMICAL CO.
  • E.I. DU PONT DE NEMOURS AND CO.
  • DWA ALUMINUM COMPOSITES
  • EXATEC LLC
  • FMW COMPOSITE SYSTEMS INC.
  • FREIGHTCAR AMERICA
  • HEXCEL CORP.
  • HOLLAND CO.
  • LANXESS AG
  • LYONDELLBASELL INDUSTRIES
  • MAGNESIUM ELEKTRON
  • MARTIN MARIETTA COMPOSITES
  • MERITOR INC.
  • MESSIER-BUGATTI-DOWTY
  • METAL MATRIX CAST COMPOSITES LLC
  • MX COMPOSITES AB
  • POLYONE CORP.
  • RAYMOR INDUSTRIES INC.
  • RENTON COIL SPRING CO.
  • RHODIA SA
  • SABIC INNOVATIVE PLASTICS
  • SIEMENS AG
  • SOLVAY SA
  • TICONA ENGINEERING POLYMERS
  • TITANIUM METALS CORP.
  • UBE INDUSTRIES LTD.
  • U.S. STEEL CORP.
  • VERKHNAYA SALDA METALLURGICAL PRODUCTION ASSOC.
  • VICTREX PLC

List of Tables

  • Summary Table : GLOBAL MARKET FOR LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS IN TRANSPORTATION, THROUGH 2017
  • Table 1 : TRANSPORTATION EQUIPMENT MATERIALS CONSUMPTION, THROUGH 2017
  • Table 2 : PROJECTED MOTOR VEHICLE PRODUCTION BY TYPE, THROUGH 2017
  • Table 3 : GLOBAL SHIPMENTS OF RAILWAY LOCOMOTIVES AND ROLLING STOCK, 2011
  • Table 4 : PROJECTED SHIPMENTS OF RAILWAY LOCOMOTIVES AND ROLLING STOCK, THROUGH 2017
  • Table 5 : AVERAGE WEIGHT OF RAILWAY LOCOMOTIVES AND ROLLING STOCK, 2011
  • Table 6 : WORLD SHIP DELIVERIES, THROUGH 2011
  • Table 7 : WORLD SHIP DELIVERIES, THROUGH 2017
  • Table 8 : GLOBAL DELIVERIES OF CIVILIAN AIRCRAFT, 2011 THROUGH 2017
  • Table 9 : CIVILIAN AIRCRAFT AVERAGE UNLOADED WEIGHT BY TYPE OF AIRCRAFT, 2011
  • Table 10 : MAJOR END USES AND APPLICATIONS OF HIGH-STRENGTH STEEL
  • Table 11 : MAJOR MANUFACTURERS OF LIGHTWEIGHT STEEL FOR TRANSPORTATION APPLICATIONS
  • Table 12 : ALUMINUM ALLOY DESIGNATIONS
  • Table 13 : AVERAGE LIGHT VEHICLE ALUMINUM CONTENT BY REGION OF MANUFACTURE AND YEAR, 2002 THROUGH 2012
  • Table 14 : MAJOR MANUFACTURERS OF ALUMINUM FOR TRANSPORTATION APPLICATIONS
  • Table 15 : TITANIUM ALLOYS COMMONLY USED IN AEROSPACE APPLICATIONS
  • Table 16 : TITANIUM APPLICATIONS IN MOTOR VEHICLES
  • Table 17 : MAJOR SUPPLIERS OF TITANIUM AND TITANIUM PRODUCTS FOR TRANSPORTATION APPLICATIONS
  • Table 18 : MAJOR SUPPLIERS OF MAGNESIUM AND MAGNESIUM PRODUCTS FOR TRANSPORTATION APPLICATIONS
  • Table 19 : COMMONLY USED PLASTICS IN TRANSPORTATION APPLICATIONS
  • Table 20 : TYPICAL PLASTICS APPLICATIONS IN MOTOR VEHICLES
  • Table 21 : TYPICAL PLASTICS APPLICATIONS IN AIRCRAFT
  • Table 22 : PRICES OF PLASTICS USED IN TRANSPORTATION APPLICATIONS
  • Table 23 : MAJOR MANUFACTURERS OF PLASTICS FOR TRANSPORTATION APPLICATIONS
  • Table 24 : TYPICAL SMC/BMC FORMULATION
  • Table 25 : TYPICAL COMPOSITE APPLICATIONS IN MOTOR VEHICLES
  • Table 26 : AUTOMOTIVE APPLICATIONS OF NANOCOMPOSITE MATERIALS
  • Table 27 : MAJOR MANUFACTURERS OF POLYMER COMPOSITES FOR TRANSPORTATION APPLICATIONS
  • Table 28 : POTENTIAL AUTOMOTIVE APPLICATIONS OF MMCS
  • Table 29 : POTENTIAL COMMERCIAL/GENERAL AVIATION APPLICATIONS OF MMCS
  • Table 30 : MAJOR MANUFACTURERS OF METAL MATRIX COMPOSITES FOR TRANSPORTATION APPLICATIONS
  • Table 31 : MAJOR MANUFACTURERS OF HYBRID MATERIALS FOR TRANSPORTATION APPLICATIONS
  • Table 32 : GLOBAL MARKET FOR LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS USED IN TRANSPORTATION EQUIPMENT, 2011 THROUGH 2017
  • Table 33 : GLOBAL MARKET FOR LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS USED IN TRANSPORTATION EQUIPMENT BY END-USER SEGMENT, 2011 THROUGH 2017
  • Table 34 : GLOBAL LIGHTWEIGHT TRANSPORTATION MATERIALS MARKET SHARES BY END-USER SEGMENT, THROUGH 2017
  • Table 35 : GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS USED IN MOTOR VEHICLES, THROUGH 2017
  • Table 36 : LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS CONSUMED IN PRODUCTION OF PASSENGER CARS AND LIGHT TRUCKS, 2011
  • Table 37 : PROJECTED GLOBAL SHIPMENTS OF PASSENGER CARS AND OTHER LIGHT VEHICLES, THROUGH 2017
  • Table 38 : PROJECTED CONSUMPTION OF LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS IN PASSENGER CARS AND LIGHT TRUCKS THROUGH 2017*
  • Table 39 : PROJECTED WEIGHT OF LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIAL USED IN HEAVY TRUCKS, 2011-2017
  • Table 40 : PROJECTED AVERAGE PRICE OF ALUMINUM ALLOYS USED IN HEAVY TRUCKS, THROUGH 2017
  • Table 41 : PROJECTED CONSUMPTION OF LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS IN HEAVY TRUCKS THROUGH 2017
  • Table 42 : LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS USED IN THE FABRICATION OF BUSES, 2011
  • Table 43 : MARKET PENETRATION RATIOS FOR LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS USED IN BUSES, 2011-2017
  • Table 44 : PRICES OF LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS USED IN THE FABRICATION OF BUSES, 2011
  • Table 45 : PROJECTED CONSUMPTION OF LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS USED IN BUSES THROUGH 2017*
  • Table 46 : LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS USED IN FABRICATION OF RAILWAY EQUIPMENT, 2011
  • Table 47 : MARKET PENETRATION RATIOS FOR LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS USED IN RAILWAY EQUIPMENT, 2011-2017
  • Table 48 : PRICES OF LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS USED IN FABRICATION OF RAILWAY EQUIPMENT, THROUGH 2017
  • Table 49 : PROJECTED CONSUMPTION OF LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS IN RAILWAY LOCOMOTIVES AND CARS, THROUGH 2017
  • Table 50 : LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS USED IN FABRICATION OF COMMERCIAL SHIPS, 2011
  • Table 51 : PROJECTED WEIGHT OF MATERIAL USED IN COMMERCIAL SHIPBUILDING, 2011-2017
  • Table 52 : MARKET PENETRATION RATIOS FOR LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS USED IN COMMERCIAL SHIPBUILDING, 2011-2017
  • Table 53 : PRICE TRENDS FOR LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS USED IN COMMERCIAL SHIPBUILDING, 2011-2017
  • Table 54 : PROJECTED CONSUMPTION OF LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS IN SHIPBUILDING, THROUGH 2017
  • Table 55 : LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS USED IN FABRICATION OF COMMERCIAL AND CIVILIAN AIRCRAFT, 2011
  • Table 56 : PROJECTED WEIGHT OF MATERIAL USED IN COMMERCIAL AND CIVILIAN AIRCRAFT, 2011-2017
  • Table 57 : MARKET PENETRATION RATIOS FOR LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS USED IN COMMERCIAL AND CIVILIAN AIRCRAFT, 2011-2017
  • Table 58 : LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS USED IN COMMERCIAL AND CIVILIAN AIRCRAFT, 2011-2017
  • Table 59 : PROJECTED CONSUMPTION OF LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS IN COMMERCIAL AND CIVILIAN AIRCRAFT, THROUGH 2017

List of Figures

  • Summary Figure : TRENDS IN GLOBAL MARKET FOR LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS USED IN TRANSPORTATION EQUIPMENT, 2011-2017
  • Figure 1 : TRANSPORTATION SECTOR SHARE OF GLOBAL LIQUID FUELS CONSUMPTION, 2008 AND 2035
  • Figure 2 : GLOBAL FUEL CONSUMPTION BY TRANSPORT MODE, 2011
  • Figure 3 : GLOBAL TRANSPORT SECTOR CONTRIBUTION TO GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS
  • Figure 4 : COMPARATIVE COST/STRENGTH OF STEEL VERSUS LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS FOR VEHICLE PRIMARY STRUCTURES, 2011
  • Figure 5 : TRENDS IN TRANSPORTATION EQUIPMENT MATERIALS CONSUMPTION, 2011-2017
  • Figure 6 : MAJOR END-USER SHARES OF TRANSPORTATION EQUIPMENT MATERIALS CONSUMPTION, 2011 VERSUS 2017
  • Figure 7 : GLOBAL PRODUCTION OF MOTOR VEHICLES BY TYPE, 2011
  • Figure 8 : FUTURE TRENDS IN PRODUCTION OF MOTOR VEHICLES BY TYPE, 2011 2017
  • Figure 9 : AVERAGE VEHICLE WEIGHTS BY CLASS, 2011
  • Figure 10 : TOTAL MOTOR VEHICLE MATERIAL USAGE, 2011-2017
  • Figure 11 : TOTAL RAILWAY LOCOMOTIVE AND ROLLING STOCK MATERIAL USAGE, 2011 THROUGH 2017
  • Figure 12 : TRENDS IN WORLD SHIP DELIVERIES, 2004-2011
  • Figure 13 : PROJECTED SHIP DELIVERIES, 2011-2017
  • Figure 14 : STEELWEIGHT OF PROJECTED SHIP DELIVERIES, 2011-2017
  • Figure 15 : GLOBAL CIVILIAN AIRCRAFT DELIVERIES, 2011
  • Figure 16 : TRENDS IN GLOBAL DELIVERIES OF CIVILIAN AIRCRAFT, 2011-2017
  • Figure 17 : TOTAL CIVILIAN AIRCRAFT MATERIALS USAGE, 2011-2017
  • Figure 18 : TRENDS IN GLOBAL CARBON STEEL PRICES, 1995-2012
  • Figure 19 : TRENDS IN AVERAGE LIGHT VEHICLE ALUMINUM CONTENT BY REGION OF MANUFACTURE AND YEAR, 2002-2012
  • Figure 20 : MAIN ALUMINUM APPLICATIONS IN PASSENGER CARS AND LIGHT TRUCKS, 2012
  • Figure 21 : ALUMINUM ALLOY PRICE TRENDS, 1995 THROUGH 2012
  • Figure 22 : TRENDS IN AVERAGE MAGNESIUM PRICES, 2011-2017
  • Figure 23 : U.S. PATENTS ISSUED THROUGH OCT. 2012 RELATING TO LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS FOR TRANSPORTATION APPLICATIONS, BY TYPE OF MATERIAL
  • Figure 24 : U.S. PATENTS ISSUED THROUGH OCT. 2012 AND PATENT APPLICATIONS RELATING TO LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS FOR TRANSPORTATION APPLICATIONS, BY TYPE OF APPLICATION
  • Figure 25 : TRENDS IN GLOBAL MARKET FOR LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS USED IN TRANSPORTATION EQUIPMENT, 2011 THROUGH 2017
  • Figure 26 : GLOBAL LIGHTWEIGHT TRANSPORTATION MATERIALS MARKET SHARES BY TYPE OF MATERIAL, 2011-2017
  • Figure 27 : GLOBAL LIGHTWEIGHT TRANSPORTATION MATERIALS MARKET DOLLAR SHARES BY TYPE OF MATERIAL, 2011-2017
  • Figure 28 : LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS TONNAGE SHARES OF MOTOR VEHICLE MARKET, 2011-2017
  • Figure 29 : LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS DOLLAR SHARES OF MOTOR VEHICLE MARKET, 2011-2017
  • Figure 30 : GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS USED IN AUTOS AND LIGHT TRUCKS, 2011
  • Figure 31 : AUTOMOBILE AND LIGHT TRUCK CONSUMPTION OF LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS, TONNAGE AND VALUE, 2011
  • Figure 32 : TRENDS IN WORLDWIDE SHIPMENTS OF PASSENGER CARS AND OTHER LIGHT VEHICLES, 2011-2017
  • Figure 33 : MARKET PENETRATION RATIOS FOR LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS USED IN AUTOS AND LIGHT TRUCKS, 2011-2017
  • Figure 34 : PRICE TRENDS FOR LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS USED IN AUTOS AND LIGHT TRUCKS, 2011-2017
  • Figure 35 : AUTOMOBILE AND LIGHT TRUCK CONSUMPTION OF LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS, 2017
  • Figure 36 : GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS USED IN HEAVY TRUCKS, 2011
  • Figure 37 : GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS USED IN BUSES, 2011
  • Figure 38 : CONSUMPTION OF LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS IN THE FABRICATION OF BUSES, TONS AND VALUE, 2011
  • Figure 39 : TRENDS IN WORLDWIDE SHIPMENTS OF BUSES AND RELATED MATERIALS CONSUMPTION, 2011-2017
  • Figure 40 : CONSUMPTION OF LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS IN THE FABRICATION OF BUSES, TONS AND VALUE, 2017
  • Figure 41 : GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS USED IN RAILWAY EQUIPMENT, 2011
  • Figure 42 : CONSUMPTION OF LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS IN THE FABRICATION OF RAILWAY EQUIPMENT, TONS AND VALUE, 2011
  • Figure 43 : TRENDS IN WORLDWIDE SHIPMENTS RAILWAY CARS, 2011-2017
  • Figure 44 : PROJECTED CONSUMPTION OF LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS IN THE FABRICATION OF RAILWAY EQUIPMENT, TONS AND VALUE, 2017
  • Figure 45 : GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS USED IN COMMERCIAL SHIPBUILDING, 2011
  • Figure 46 : ONSUMPTION OF LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS IN COMMERCIAL SHIPBUILDING, TONS AND VALUE, 2011
  • Figure 47 : PROJECTED CONSUMPTION OF LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS IN COMMERCIAL SHIPBUILDING, TONS AND VALUE, 2017
  • Figure 48 : GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS USED IN COMMERCIAL AND CIVILIAN AIRCRAFT, 2011
  • Figure 49 : CONSUMPTION OF LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS IN COMMERCIAL AND CIVILIAN AIRCRAFT, TONS AND VALUE, 2011
  • Figure 50 : PROJECTED CONSUMPTION OF LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS IN COMMERCIAL AND CIVILIAN AIRCRAFT, TONS AND VALUE, 2017
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