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Water and Wastewater Treatment Technologies: Global Markets

Newspaper headlines and television documentaries warn us that humanity rapidly approaches a global water crisis with the potential to leave millions dead from thirst, starvation and wars to acquire freshwater resources. Archeologists confirm their pessimists pointing to the numerous communities that vanished when their seemingly infinite water resources disappeared. Fortunately, there is more to the story. Cities lost to water shortages are far more the exception than the rule. London, Paris, Rome, New York, indeed all of the world's major cities had at some point in their histories faced crises caused by an insufficient water supply or sanitation system. Those world capitals and thousands of smaller cities survived by applying technology to compensate for nature's inadequacies and human neglect.

In the developed world, the integration of water and wastewater treatment (WWT) technologies into the fabric of urban infrastructures is barely noticed, at least until a pipe breaks, flooding a street. It is on those rare occasions that the discovery of a section of pipe made of a hollowed tree reminds us that the overall structure of the water and sanitation industry remain unchanged and would likely be familiar to the operators of Rome's famed aqueducts. Similarly, the basic parts lists for modern systems continue to consist of a small number of commodities. In this study BCC Research forecasts the demand for those 15 core WWT products in the 40 robust national markets.

STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES

In this study, BCC Research examines and provides a 2014 through 2019 forecast for 15 products essential for constructing, maintaining and operating WWT systems in the 40 most important national markets.

REASONS FOR DOING THIS STUDY

For more than a decade, there has been increasing fear that water shortages will create mass dislocations, and perhaps ignite global conflicts - water wars if you will. While those fears have merit, they overlook an essential historic truth. All of the problems associated with a lack of clean water or adequate sanitation readily yield to relatively simple, and in most cases inexpensive, solutions. Illuminated with the light of pragmatism, the feared water crisis is less daunting than it appears, and for those involved in supplying the WWT industry, there are enormous opportunities as the business climbs toward reaching $96 billion before the end of the decade.

The modern WWT business rests on three stable and somewhat predictable profit centers:

  • Constructing new plants.
  • Upgrading existing facilities.
  • Supplying chemicals consumed in preparing clean water to end-users and making wastewater less noxious to receiving surface and ground waters.

Since the Roman era, the construction of those water and sanitation systems has been viewed as a public benefit that is properly financed and maintained by a mechanism for guaranteeing payments for their expansion and continued operation. The inherent stability of those revenue sources based on taxes and tax-like payments has allowed WWT authorities unparalleled access to construction capital and operating funds. Despite the stability of that financial foundation, the WWT business has not been immune to change. Since BCC Research last visited the topic in 2011, national governments throughout the world have been forced to undertake unheard-of belt-tightening measures in order to have continued access to international credit markets, the so-called sovereign debt crisis. In this study, BCC Research accounts for those changes and updates its 2014 to 2019 forecast to take them into account.

SCOPE OF REPORT

This study, and its accompanying more than 260 tables, focuses on the demand for the 15 basic products sold in the 40 largest and most commercially accessible national WWT markets. The core water and sanitation business revolves around 15 products divided among four product groups:

The process equipment product group comprises:

  • Primary treatment equipment.
  • Secondary treatment equipment.
  • Tertiary treatment equipment.
  • Advanced treatment equipment.

The delivery equipment product group comprises:

  • Pipes and fittings.
  • Pumps.
  • Valves and controls.

The instrumentation product group comprises monitoring devices that have been optimized for use with:

  • Anaerobic digestion systems.
  • Activated sludge systems.
  • Nutrient removal systems.
  • Sedimentation systems.

And the WWT chemicals product group comprises:

  • Activated carbon.
  • Aluminum sulfate.
  • Calcium hydroxide.
  • Specialty chemicals.

The WWT industry obviously uses far more than the 15 products listed above. A pumping station, for example, requires a structure to house the pump and concrete for the pad that supports the structure, as well as electrical connections. The focus of this work is exclusively on products optimized for WWT systems. It excludes design, engineering and construction services not directly related to product installation. This study excludes those items, along with plumbing fixtures, point-of-use appliances and locally provided consumables such as fuels, chlorine and other disinfectants and fluoridation supplies.

The 40 national markets examined in this study are:

  • Argentina.
  • Australia.
  • Austria.
  • Belgium.
  • Brazil.
  • Canada.
  • China-Hong Kong.
  • China-Mainland.
  • China-Taiwan.
  • Colombia.
  • Egypt.
  • France.
  • Germany.
  • Greece.
  • India.
  • Indonesia.
  • Iran.
  • Italy.
  • Japan.
  • Malaysia.
  • Mexico.
  • Netherlands.
  • Nigeria.
  • Norway.
  • Pakistan.
  • Philippines.
  • Poland.
  • Russia.
  • Saudi Arabia.
  • South Africa.
  • South Korea.
  • Spain.
  • Sweden.
  • Switzerland.
  • Thailand.
  • Turkey.
  • Ukraine.
  • United Kingdom.
  • United States.
  • Venezuela.

Table of Contents

CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 2

  • STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES 2
  • REASONS FOR DOING THIS STUDY 2
  • SCOPE OF REPORT 3
  • METHODOLOGY 5
  • ORGANIZATION OF THIS REPORT 5
  • INTENDED AUDIENCE 6
  • INFORMATION SOURCES 6
  • ANALYST CREDENTIALS 6
  • RELATED BCC RESEARCH REPORTS 6
  • BCC RESEARCH ONLINE SERVICES 7
  • DISCLAIMER 7

CHAPTER 2 SUMMARY 9

  • SUMMARY TABLE WASTE AND WASTEWATER TREATMENT PRODUCT GROUP FORECAST, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 10
  • SUMMARY FIGURE WWT PRODUCTS FORECAST FOR 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 10

CHAPTER 3 OVERVIEW 12

  • TABLE 1 OUTDOOR DEFECATION RATES (%) 13

CHAPTER 4 WATER RESOURCES 15

  • FRESHWATER RESOURCES 16
  • TABLE 2 FRESHWATER VERSUS SALTWATER (MILLION CUBIC METERS/%) 16
  • TABLE 3 FRESHWATER DISTRIBUTION (MILLION CUBIC METERS/%) 16
  • THE HYDROLOGIC CYCLE 17
  • HOW WE USE WATER RESOURCES 19
  • AGRICULTURAL USES 19
  • INDUSTRIAL USES 19
  • DOMESTIC WATER SUPPLIES 20
  • TABLE 4 RURAL AND URBAN POPULATIONS, 1992-2011 (UNITS AS INDICATED) 21

CHAPTER 5 WATER QUALITY 23

  • CHEMICAL AGENTS 23
  • TABLE 5 WHO GUIDELINES FOR CHEMICALS, EXCEPT CARCINOGENS (MG/L) 24
    • CHEMICALS WITH PROVISIONAL GUIDELINES 25
    • TABLE 6 WHO PROVISIONAL GUIDELINES DUE TO LIMITED INFORMATION ON HEALTH EFFECTS (MG/L) 26
    • TABLE 7 WHO PROVISIONAL GUIDELINES DUE TO POST- TREATMENT DETECTABILITY (MG/L) 27
    • TABLE 8 PROVISIONAL GUIDELINES WHERE DISINFECTION IS LIKELY TO RESULT IN THE GUIDELINE VALUE BEING EXCEEDED (MG/L) 27
    • TABLE 9 PROVISIONAL GUIDELINES WHERE CALCULATED GUIDELINE VALUE IS BELOW THE ACHIEVABLE QUANTIFICATION LEVEL (MG/L) 28
    • TABLE 10 PROVISIONAL GUIDELINES WHERE ACHIEVING HEALTH-BASED GUIDELINE VALUE MAY AFFECT THE APPEARANCE, TASTE OR ODOR OF THE WATER (MG/L) 28
    • CARCINOGENS 28
    • TABLE 11 CHEMICALS THE WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION CLASSIFIES AS CARCINOGENS (MG/L) 29
  • CHANGING ATTITUDES TOWARD TOXIC CHEMICALS 30
  • TABLE 12 EU REACH SUBSTANCES OF VERY HIGH CONCERN 31
  • PATHOGENS 32
  • TABLE 13 TYPES OF PATHOGENS THAT DAMAGE WATER QUALITY 32
  • TABLE 14 BACTERIAL PATHOGENS THAT DAMAGE WATER QUALITY 33
  • TABLE 15 PROTOZOAN PATHOGENS THAT DAMAGE WATER QUALITY 33
  • TABLE 16 HELMINTH PATHOGENS THAT DAMAGE WATER QUALITY 33
  • TABLE 17 VIRAL PATHOGENS THAT DAMAGE WATER QUALITY 34
  • RADIOACTIVITY 34

CHAPTER 6 PROCESS EQUIPMENT 36

  • TABLE 18 DEMAND FOR WWT PROCESS EQUIPMENT, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 37
  • PRIMARY TREATMENT EQUIPMENT 37
    • PRELIMINARY PHYSICAL PROCESSING 37
    • DEGRITTING 37
    • SCREENING AND MACERATION 38
    • SEDIMENTATION 38
  • PRIMARY TREATMENT EQUIPMENT FORECAST 38
  • TABLE 19 FORECAST FOR PRIMARY TREATMENT EQUIPMENT, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 38
  • SECONDARY TREATMENT EQUIPMENT 39
    • FIXED FILM SYSTEMS 40
    • SUSPENDED GROWTH SYSTEMS 40
    • ROUGHING FILTERS 40
    • ACTIVATED SLUDGE 40
    • FILTER BEDS 40
    • INTEGRATED FIXED-FILM ACTIVATED SLUDGE (IFAS) 41
    • BIOLOGICAL AERATED FILTERS (BAFS) 41
    • MEMBRANE BIOLOGICAL REACTORS (MBRS) 41
    • ROTATING BIOLOGICAL CONTRACTORS (RBCS) 41
    • SECONDARY SEDIMENTATION AND CLARIFICATION 42
  • SECONDARY TREATMENT EQUIPMENT FORECAST 42
  • TABLE 20 FORECAST FOR SECONDARY TREATMENT EQUIPMENT, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 42
  • TERTIARY TREATMENT EQUIPMENT 43
    • ACTIVATED CARBON (AC) 43
    • LAGOONS 44
    • CONSTRUCTED WETLANDS 44
    • NUTRIENT REMOVAL 44
    • NITROGEN REMOVAL 44
    • PHOSPHORUS REMOVAL 44
    • DISINFECTION 45
    • CHLORINATION 45
  • TERTIARY TREATMENT EQUIPMENT FORECAST 45
  • TABLE 21 FORECAST FOR TERTIARY TREATMENT EQUIPMENT, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 46
  • ADVANCED WATER TECHNOLOGIES 47
    • DESALINATION 47
    • MICROFILTRATION 47
    • OZONE 48
    • REVERSE OSMOSIS (RO) 48
    • ULTRAFILTRATION 48
    • ULTRAVIOLET (UV) 49
  • ADVANCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT FORECAST 49
  • TABLE 22 FORECAST FOR ADVANCED TREATMENT EQUIPMENT, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 49

CHAPTER 7 DELIVERY EQUIPMENT 52

  • TABLE 23 DEMAND FOR WWT DELIVERY EQUIPMENT, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 52
    • PIPES AND FITTINGS 52
    • PIPES AND FITTING FORECAST 52
    • TABLE 24 FORECAST FOR PIPES AND FITTINGS, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 53
    • PUMPS 54
    • PUMP FORECAST 54
    • TABLE 25 FORECAST FOR PUMPS, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 55
    • VALVES AND CONTROLS 56
    • VALVE AND CONTROL FORECAST 56
    • TABLE 26 FORECAST FOR VALVES AND CONTROLS, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 56

CHAPTER 8 INSTRUMENTATION 59

  • TABLE 27 DEMAND FOR WWT INSTRUMENTATION MARKETS, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 59
  • GENERIC INSTRUMENTATION NEEDS 60
  • ANAEROBIC DIGESTION SENSORS 60
    • GASEOUS PRODUCTS (H2, CH4, CO2 AND H2S) 61
    • ALKALINITY/TITRIMETER 61
    • CALORIMETRY 61
    • FLUORESCENCE 61
    • VOLATILE FATTY ACIDS (VFAS) 62
    • BIOSENSORS 62
    • TABLE 28 FORECAST FOR ANAEROBIC DIGESTION INSTRUMENTATION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 62
  • ACTIVATED SLUDGE INSTRUMENTATION 63
    • DISSOLVED OXYGEN (DO) 63
    • RESPIROMETRY 64
    • BIOLOGICAL OXYGEN DEMAND 64
    • CHEMICAL OXYGEN DEMAND 64
    • TOTAL ORGANIC CARBON 64
    • UV ABSORBANCE 65
    • TABLE 29 FORECAST FOR ACTIVATED SLUDGE INSTRUMENTATION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 65
  • NUTRIENT REMOVAL INSTRUMENTATION 66
    • ION-SELECTIVE ELECTRODES (ISE) 66
    • UV ABSORPTION FOR NO3 66
    • TITRIMETRIC SENSOR 67
    • TABLE 30 FORECAST FOR NUTRIENT REMOVAL INSTRUMENTATION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 67
  • SEDIMENTATION SENSORS 68
    • SLUDGE BLANKET 68
    • SETTLOMETER 68
    • IMAGE ANALYSIS 69
    • FLOC SIZE 69
    • TABLE 31 FORECAST FOR SEDIMENTATION INSTRUMENTATION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 69

CHAPTER 9 TREATMENT CHEMICALS 72

  • TABLE 32 DEMAND FOR WWT CHEMICALS MARKETS, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 72
  • ACTIVATED CARBON 72
    • WATER-SOLUBLE ACTIVATED CARBON 73
    • PRINCIPLES OF ACTIVATED CARBON FILTRATION 74
    • ACTIVATION 74
    • TABLE 33 FORECAST FOR ACTIVATED CARBON, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 74
  • ALUMINUM SULFATE 75
  • TABLE 34 FORECAST FOR ALUMINUM SULFATE, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 76
  • CALCIUM HYDROXIDE 77
  • TABLE 35 FORECAST FOR CALCIUM HYDROXIDE, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 77
  • SPECIALTY CHEMICALS 78
    • CORROSION INHIBITORS 78
    • ORGANIC FLOCCULANTS 79
    • SCALE INHIBITORS 79
    • TABLE 36 FORECAST FOR SPECIALTY CHEMICALS, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 79

CHAPTER 10 PATENT ANALYSIS 82

  • TABLE 37 THE 50 MOST RECENT WATER AND WASTEWATER CONTROL PATENTS (NEWEST FIRST) 83

CHAPTER 11 COUNTRY ANALYSES AND FORECASTS 86

  • ARGENTINA 86
    • ARGENTINEAN WATER RESOURCES AND WATER USE TABLES 87
    • TABLE 38 WATER SOURCES IN ARGENTINA (UNITS AS INDICATED) 87
    • TABLE 39 WATER USE BY SECTOR IN ARGENTINA (UNITS AS INDICATED) 88
    • TABLE 40 CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LAND IN ARGENTINA (UNITS AS
    • INDICATED) 88
    • TABLE 41 URBAN WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN ARGENTINA, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 88
    • TABLE 42 RURAL WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN ARGENTINA, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 89
    • ARGENTINEAN WWT PRODUCT FORECAST 90
    • TABLE 43 WWT FORECAST IN ARGENTINA, THROUGH 2019 (BY PRODUCT WITHIN PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 90
  • AUSTRALIA 91
    • AUSTRALIAN WATER RESOURCES AND WATER USE TABLES 91
    • TABLE 44 WATER SOURCES IN AUSTRALIA (UNITS AS INDICATED) 91
    • TABLE 45 WATER USE IN AUSTRALIA BY SECTOR (UNITS AS INDICATED) 92
    • TABLE 46 CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LAND IN AUSTRALIA (UNITS AS INDICATED) 92
    • TABLE 47 URBAN WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN AUSTRALIA, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 93
    • TABLE 48 RURAL WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN AUSTRALIA, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 94
    • AUSTRALIAN WWT PRODUCT FORECAST 94
    • TABLE 49 WWT FORECAST IN AUSTRALIA, THROUGH 2019 (BY PRODUCT WITHIN PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 95
  • AUSTRIA 95
    • AUSTRIAN WATER RESOURCES AND WATER USE TABLES 96
    • TABLE 50 WATER SOURCES IN AUSTRIA (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 96
    • TABLE 51 WATER USE BY SECTOR IN AUSTRIA (UNITS AS INDICATED) 97
    • TABLE 52 CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LAND IN AUSTRIA (UNITS AS
    • INDICATED) 97
    • TABLE 53 URBAN WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN AUSTRIA, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 97
    • TABLE 54 RURAL WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN AUSTRIA, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 98
    • AUSTRIAN WWT PRODUCT FORECAST 99
    • TABLE 55 WWT FORECAST IN AUSTRIA, THROUGH 2019 (BY PRODUCT WITHIN PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 99
  • BELGIUM 99
    • BELGIAN WATER RESOURCES AND WATER USE TABLES 100
    • TABLE 56 WATER SOURCES IN BELGIUM (UNITS AS INDICATED) 100
    • TABLE 57 WATER USE BY SECTOR IN BELGIUM (UNITS AS INDICATED) 101
    • TABLE 58 CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LAND IN BELGIUM (UNITS AS INDICATED) 101
    • TABLE 59 URBAN WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN BELGIUM, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 101
    • TABLE 60 RURAL WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN BELGIUM, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 102
    • BELGIAN WWT PRODUCT FORECAST 103
    • TABLE 61 WWT FORECAST IN BELGIUM, THROUGH 2019 (BY PRODUCT WITHIN PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 103
  • BRAZIL 103
    • BRAZILIAN WATER RESOURCES AND WATER USE TABLES 104
    • TABLE 62 WATER SOURCES IN BRAZIL (UNITS AS INDICATED) 104
    • TABLE 63 WATER USE BY SECTOR IN BRAZIL (UNITS AS INDICATED) 105
    • TABLE 64 CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LAND IN BRAZIL (UNITS AS INDICATED) 105
    • TABLE 65 URBAN WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN BRAZIL, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 106
    • BRAZILIAN WWT PRODUCT FORECAST 106
    • TABLE 66 WWT FORECAST IN BRAZIL, THROUGH 2019 (BY PRODUCT WITHIN PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 107
  • CANADA 107
    • CANADIAN WATER RESOURCES AND WATER USE TABLES 108
    • TABLE 67 WATER SOURCES IN CANADA (UNITS AS INDICATED) 108
    • TABLE 68 WATER USE BY SECTOR IN CANADA (UNITS AS INDICATED) 109
    • TABLE 69 CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LAND IN CANADA (UNITS AS INDICATED) 109
    • TABLE 70 URBAN WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN CANADA, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 110
    • TABLE 71 RURAL WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN CANADA, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 110
    • CANADIAN WWT PRODUCT FORECAST 111
    • TABLE 72 WWT FORECAST IN CANADA, THROUGH 2019 (BY PRODUCT WITHIN PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 111
  • CHINA-HONG KONG 112
    • TABLE 73 WWT FORECAST IN CHINA-HONG KONG, THROUGH 2019 (BY PRODUCT WITHIN PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 113
  • CHINA-MAINLAND 113
    • CHINESE WATER RESOURCES AND WATER USE TABLES 113
    • TABLE 74 URBAN WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN CHINA-MAINLAND, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 114
    • TABLE 75 RURAL WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN CHINA-MAINLAND, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 115
    • CHINESE WWT PRODUCT FORECAST 115
    • TABLE 76 WWT FORECAST IN CHINA-MAINLAND, THROUGH 2019 (BY PRODUCT WITHIN PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 116
  • CHINA-TAIWAN 116
    • TABLE 77 PRODUCT-LEVEL FORECAST IN CHINA-TAIWAN, THROUGH 2019 (BY PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 117
    • COLOMBIA 117
    • COLOMBIAN WATER RESOURCES AND WATER USE TABLES 118
    • TABLE 78 WATER SOURCES IN COLOMBIA (UNITS AS INDICATED) 118
    • TABLE 79 WATER USE BY SECTOR IN COLOMBIA (UNITS AS INDICATED) 119
    • TABLE 80 CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LAND IN COLOMBIA (UNITS AS INDICATED) 119
    • TABLE 81 URBAN WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN COLOMBIA, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 119
    • TABLE 82 RURAL WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN COLOMBIA, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 120
    • COLOMBIAN WWT PRODUCT FORECAST 121
    • TABLE 83 WWT FORECAST IN COLOMBIA, THROUGH 2019 (BY PRODUCT WITHIN PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 121
  • EGYPT 121
    • EGYPTIAN WATER RESOURCES AND WATER USE TABLES 122
    • TABLE 84 WATER SOURCES IN EGYPT (UNITS AS INDICATED) 122
    • TABLE 85 WATER USE BY SECTOR IN EGYPT (UNITS AS INDICATED) 123
    • TABLE 86 CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LAND IN EGYPT (UNITS AS INDICATED) 123
    • TABLE 87 URBAN WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN EGYPT, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 124
    • TABLE 88 RURAL WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN EGYPT, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 124
    • EGYPTIAN WWT PRODUCT FORECAST 125
    • TABLE 89 WWT FORECAST IN EGYPT, THROUGH 2019 (BY PRODUCT WITHIN PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 125
    • FRANCE 126
    • FRENCH WATER RESOURCES AND WATER USE TABLES 126
    • TABLE 90 WATER SOURCES IN FRANCE (UNITS AS INDICATED) 126
    • TABLE 91 WATER USE BY SECTOR IN FRANCE (UNITS AS INDICATED) 127
    • TABLE 92 CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LAND IN FRANCE (UNITS AS INDICATED) 127
    • TABLE 93 URBAN WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN FRANCE, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 128
    • TABLE 94 RURAL WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN FRANCE, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 128
    • FRENCH WWT PRODUCT FORECAST 129
    • TABLE 95 WWT FORECAST IN FRANCE, THROUGH 2019 (BY PRODUCT WITHIN PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 129
  • GERMANY 130
    • GERMAN WATER RESOURCES AND WATER USE TABLES 130
    • TABLE 96 WATER USE BY SECTOR IN GERMANY (UNITS AS INDICATED) 130
    • TABLE 97 CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LAND IN GERMANY (UNITS AS INDICATED) 131
    • TABLE 98 URBAN WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN GERMANY, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 131
    • TABLE 99 RURAL WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN GERMANY, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 132
    • GERMAN WWT PRODUCT FORECAST 132
    • TABLE 100 WWT FORECAST IN GERMANY, THROUGH 2019 (BY PRODUCT WITHIN PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 133
  • GREECE 133
    • GREEK WATER RESOURCES AND WATER USE TABLES 134
    • TABLE 101 WATER SOURCES IN GREECE (UNITS AS INDICATED) 134
    • TABLE 102 WATER USE BY SECTOR IN GREECE (UNITS AS INDICATED) 135
    • TABLE 103 CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LAND IN GREECE (UNITS AS INDICATED) 135
    • TABLE 104 URBAN WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN GREECE, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 135
    • TABLE 105 RURAL WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN GREECE, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 136
    • GREEK WWT PRODUCT FORECAST 137
    • TABLE 106 WWT FORECAST IN GREECE, THROUGH 2019 (BY PRODUCT WITHIN PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 137
  • INDIA 137
    • INDIAN WATER RESOURCES AND WATER USE TABLES 138
    • TABLE 107 WATER SOURCES IN INDIA (UNITS AS INDICATED) 138
    • TABLE 108 WATER USE BY SECTOR IN INDIA (UNITS AS INDICATED) 139
    • TABLE 109 CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LAND IN INDIA (UNITS AS INDICATED) 139
    • TABLE 110 URBAN WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN INDIA, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 139
    • TABLE 111 RURAL WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN INDIA, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 140
    • INDIAN WWT PRODUCT FORECAST 141
    • TABLE 112 WWT FORECAST IN INDIA, THROUGH 2019 (BY PRODUCT WITHIN PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 141
  • INDONESIA 141
    • INDONESIAN WATER RESOURCES AND WATER USE TABLES 142
    • TABLE 113 WATER SOURCES IN INDONESIA (UNITS AS INDICATED) 142
    • TABLE 114 WATER USE BY SECTOR IN INDONESIA (UNITS AS INDICATED) 143
    • TABLE 115 CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LAND IN INDONESIA (UNITS AS INDICATED) 143
    • TABLE 116 URBAN WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN INDONESIA, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 143
    • TABLE 117 RURAL WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN INDONESIA, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 144
    • INDONESIAN WWT PRODUCT FORECAST 145
    • TABLE 118 WWT FORECAST IN INDONESIA, THROUGH 2019 (BY PRODUCT WITHIN PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 145
  • IRAN 145
    • IRANIAN WATER RESOURCES AND WATER USE TABLES 146
    • TABLE 119 WATER SOURCES IN IRAN (UNITS AS INDICATED) 146
    • TABLE 120 WATER USE BY SECTOR IN IRAN (UNITS AS INDICATED) 147
    • TABLE 121 CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LAND IN IRAN (UNITS AS INDICATED) 147
    • TABLE 122 URBAN WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN IRAN, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 147
    • TABLE 123 URBAN WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN IRAN, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 148
    • IRANIAN WWT PRODUCT FORECAST 149
    • TABLE 124 WWT FORECAST IN IRAN, THROUGH 2019 (BY PRODUCT WITHIN PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 149
  • ITALY 149
    • ITALIAN WATER RESOURCES AND WATER USE TABLES 150
    • TABLE 125 WATER SOURCES IN ITALY (UNITS AS INDICATED) 150
    • TABLE 126 WATER USE BY SECTOR IN ITALY (UNITS AS INDICATED) 151
    • TABLE 127 CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LAND IN ITALY (UNITS AS INDICATED) 151
    • TABLE 128 URBAN WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN ITALY, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 151
    • TABLE 129 RURAL WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN ITALY, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 152
    • ITALIAN WWT PRODUCT FORECAST 153
    • TABLE 130 WWT FORECAST IN ITALY, THROUGH 2019 (BY PRODUCT WITHIN PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 153
  • JAPAN 153
    • JAPANESE WATER RESOURCES AND WATER USE TABLES 154
    • TABLE 131 WATER SOURCES IN JAPAN (UNITS AS INDICATED) 154
    • TABLE 132 WATER USE BY SECTOR IN JAPAN (UNITS AS INDICATED) 155
    • TABLE 133 CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LAND IN JAPAN (UNITS AS INDICATED) 155
    • TABLE 134 URBAN WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN JAPAN, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 155
    • TABLE 135 RURAL WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN JAPAN, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 156
    • JAPANESE WWT PRODUCT FORECAST 157
    • TABLE 136 WWT FORECAST IN JAPAN, THROUGH 2019 (BY PRODUCT WITHIN PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 157
  • MALAYSIA 158
    • MALAYSIAN WATER RESOURCES AND WATER USE TABLES 158
    • TABLE 137 WATER SOURCES IN MALAYSIA (UNITS AS INDICATED) 158
    • TABLE 138 WATER USE BY SECTOR IN MALAYSIA (UNITS AS INDICATED) 159
    • TABLE 139 CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LAND IN MALAYSIA (UNITS AS INDICATED) 159
    • TABLE 140 URBAN WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN MALAYSIA, THROUGH 2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 159
    • TABLE 141 RURAL WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN MALAYSIA, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 160
    • MALAYSIAN WWT PRODUCT FORECAST 161
    • TABLE 142 WWT FORECAST IN MALAYSIA, THROUGH 2019 (BY PRODUCT WITHIN PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 161
  • MEXICO 161
    • MEXICAN WATER RESOURCES AND WATER USE TABLES 162
    • TABLE 143 WATER SOURCES IN MEXICO (UNITS AS INDICATED) 162
    • TABLE 144 WATER USE BY SECTOR IN MEXICO (UNITS AS INDICATED) 163
    • TABLE 145 CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LAND IN MEXICO (UNITS AS INDICATED) 163
    • TABLE 146 URBAN WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN MEXICO, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 163
    • TABLE 147 RURAL WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN MEXICO, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 164
    • MEXICAN WWT PRODUCT FORECAST 165
    • TABLE 148 WWT FORECAST IN MEXICO, THROUGH 2019 (BY PRODUCT WITHIN PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 165
  • NETHERLANDS 166
    • NETHERLANDS WATER RESOURCES AND WATER USE TABLES 166
    • TABLE 149 WATER SOURCES IN THE NETHERLANDS (UNITS AS INDICATED) 166
    • TABLE 150 WATER USE BY SECTOR IN THE NETHERLANDS (UNITS AS INDICATED) 167
    • TABLE 151 CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LAND IN THE NETHERLANDS (UNITS AS INDICATED) 167
    • TABLE 152 URBAN WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN THE NETHERLANDS, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 167
    • TABLE 153 RURAL WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN THE NETHERLANDS, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 168
    • NETHERLANDS WWT PRODUCT FORECAST 169
    • TABLE 154 WWT FORECAST IN THE NETHERLANDS, THROUGH 2019 (BY PRODUCT WITHIN PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 169
  • NIGERIA 169
    • NIGERIAN WATER RESOURCES AND WATER USE TABLES 170
    • TABLE 155 WATER SOURCES IN NIGERIA (UNITS AS INDICATED) 170
    • TABLE 156 WATER USE BY SECTOR IN NIGERIA (UNITS AS INDICATED) 171
    • TABLE 157 CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LAND IN NIGERIA (UNITS AS INDICATED) 171
    • TABLE 158 URBAN WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN NIGERIA, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 171
    • TABLE 159 RURAL WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN NIGERIA, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 172
    • NIGERIAN WWT PRODUCT FORECAST 173
    • TABLE 160 WWT FORECAST IN NIGERIA, THROUGH 2019 (BY PRODUCT WITHIN PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 173
  • NORWAY 173
    • NORWEGIAN WATER RESOURCES AND WATER USE TABLES 174
    • TABLE 161 WATER SOURCES IN NORWAY (UNITS AS INDICATED) 174
    • TABLE 162 WATER USE BY SECTOR IN NORWAY (UNITS AS INDICATED) 175
    • TABLE 163 CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LAND IN NORWAY (UNITS AS INDICATED) 175
    • TABLE 164 URBAN WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN NORWAY, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 175
    • TABLE 165 RURAL WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN NORWAY, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 176
    • NORWEGIAN WWT PRODUCT FORECAST 177
    • TABLE 166 WWT FORECAST IN NORWAY, THROUGH 2019 (BY PRODUCT WITHIN PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 177
  • PAKISTAN 177
    • PAKISTANIAN WATER RESOURCES AND WATER USE TABLES 178
    • TABLE 167 WATER SOURCES IN PAKISTAN (UNITS AS INDICATED) 178
    • TABLE 168 WATER USE BY SECTOR IN PAKISTAN (UNITS AS INDICATED) 179
    • TABLE 169 CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LAND IN PAKISTAN (UNITS AS INDICATED) 179
    • TABLE 170 URBAN WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN PAKISTAN, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 179
    • TABLE 171 RURAL WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN PAKISTAN, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 180
    • PAKISTANIAN WWT PRODUCT FORECAST 181
    • TABLE 172 WWT FORECAST IN PAKISTAN, THROUGH 2019 (BY PRODUCT WITHIN PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 181
  • PHILIPPINES 181
    • PHILIPPINE WATER RESOURCES AND WATER USE TABLES 182
    • TABLE 173 WATER SOURCES IN THE PHILIPPINES (UNITS AS INDICATED) 182
    • TABLE 174 WATER USE BY SECTOR IN THE PHILIPPINES (UNITS AS INDICATED) 183
    • TABLE 175 CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LAND IN THE PHILIPPINES (UNITS AS INDICATED) 183
    • TABLE 176 URBAN WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN THE PHILIPPINES, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 183
    • TABLE 177 RURAL WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN THE PHILIPPINES, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 184
    • PHILIPPINE WWT PRODUCT FORECAST 185
    • TABLE 178 WWT FORECAST IN THE PHILIPPINES, THROUGH 2019 (BY PRODUCT WITHIN PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 185
  • POLAND 185
    • POLISH WATER RESOURCES AND WATER USE TABLES 186
    • TABLE 179 WATER SOURCES IN POLAND (UNITS AS INDICATED) 186
    • TABLE 180 WATER USE BY SECTOR IN POLAND (UNITS AS INDICATED) 187
    • TABLE 181 CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LAND IN POLAND (UNITS AS INDICATED) 187
    • TABLE 182 URBAN WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN POLAND, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 187
    • TABLE 183 RURAL WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN POLAND, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 188
    • POLISH WWT PRODUCT FORECAST 189
    • TABLE 184 WWT FORECAST IN POLAND, THROUGH 2019 (BY PRODUCT WITHIN PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 189
  • RUSSIA 189
    • RUSSIAN WATER RESOURCES AND WATER USE TABLES 190
    • TABLE 185 WATER SOURCES IN RUSSIA (UNITS AS INDICATED) 190
    • TABLE 186 WATER USE BY SECTOR IN RUSSIA (UNITS AS INDICATED) 191
    • TABLE 187 CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LAND IN RUSSIA (UNITS AS INDICATED) 191
    • TABLE 188 URBAN WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN RUSSIA, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 191
    • TABLE 189 RURAL WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN RUSSIA, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 192
    • RUSSIAN WWT PRODUCT FORECAST 193
    • TABLE 190 WWT FORECAST IN RUSSIA, THROUGH 2019 (BY PRODUCT WITHIN PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 193
  • SAUDI ARABIA 193
    • SAUDI ARABIAN WATER RESOURCES AND WATER USE TABLES 194
    • TABLE 191 WATER SOURCES IN SAUDI ARABIA (UNITS AS INDICATED) 194
    • TABLE 192 WATER USE BY SECTOR IN SAUDI ARABIA (UNITS AS INDICATED) 195
    • TABLE 193 CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LAND IN SAUDI ARABIA (UNITS AS INDICATED) 195
    • TABLE 194 URBAN WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN SAUDI ARABIA, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 195
    • TABLE 195 RURAL WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN SAUDI ARABIA, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 196
    • SANDI ARABIAN WWT PRODUCT FORECAST 197
    • TABLE 196 WWT FORECAST IN SAUDI ARABIA, THROUGH 2019 (BY PRODUCT WITHIN PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 197
  • SOUTH AFRICA 197
    • SOUTH AFRICAN WATER RESOURCES AND WATER USE TABLES 198
    • TABLE 197 WATER SOURCES IN SOUTH AFRICA (UNITS AS INDICATED) 198
    • TABLE 198 WATER USE BY SECTOR IN SOUTH AFRICA (UNITS AS INDICATED) 199
    • TABLE 199 CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LAND IN SOUTH AFRICA (UNITS AS INDICATED) 199
    • TABLE 200 URBAN WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN SOUTH AFRICA, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 199
    • TABLE 201 RURAL WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN SOUTH AFRICA, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 200
    • SOUTH AFRICAN WWT PRODUCT FORECAST 201
    • TABLE 202 WWT FORECAST IN SOUTH AFRICA (BY PRODUCT WITHIN PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 201
  • SOUTH KOREA 201
    • SOUTH KOREAN WATER RESOURCES AND WATER USE TABLES 202
    • TABLE 203 WATER SOURCES IN SOUTH KOREA (UNITS AS INDICATED) 202
    • TABLE 204 WATER USE BY SECTOR IN SOUTH KOREA (UNITS AS INDICATED) 203
    • TABLE 205 CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LAND IN SOUTH KOREA (UNITS AS INDICATED) 203
    • TABLE 206 URBAN WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN SOUTH KOREA, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 203
    • TABLE 207 RURAL WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN SOUTH KOREA, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 204
    • SOUTH KOREAN WWT PRODUCT FORECAST 205
    • TABLE 208 WWT FORECAST IN SOUTH KOREA, THROUGH 2019 (BY PRODUCT WITHIN PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 205
  • SPAIN 205
    • SPANISH WATER RESOURCES AND WATER USE TABLES 206
    • TABLE 209 WATER SOURCES IN SPAIN (UNITS AS INDICATED) 206
    • TABLE 210 WATER USE BY SECTOR IN SPAIN (UNITS AS INDICATED) 207
    • TABLE 211 CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LAND IN SPAIN (UNITS AS INDICATED) 207
    • TABLE 212 URBAN WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN SPAIN, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 207
    • TABLE 213 RURAL WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN SPAIN, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 208
    • SPANISH WWT PRODUCT FORECAST 209
    • TABLE 214 WWT FORECAST IN SPAIN, THROUGH 2019 (BY PRODUCT WITHIN PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 209
  • SWEDEN 210
    • SWEDISH WATER RESOURCES AND WATER USE TABLES 210
    • TABLE 215 WATER SOURCES IN SWEDEN (UNITS AS INDICATED) 210
    • TABLE 216 WATER USE BY SECTOR IN SWEDEN (UNITS AS INDICATED) 211
    • TABLE 217 CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LAND IN SWEDEN (UNITS AS INDICATED) 211
    • TABLE 218 URBAN WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN SWEDEN, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 211
    • TABLE 219 RURAL WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN SWEDEN, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 212
    • SWEDISH WWT PRODUCT FORECAST 213
    • TABLE 220 WWT FORECAST IN SWEDEN, THROUGH 2019 (BY PRODUCT WITHIN PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 213
  • SWITZERLAND 213
    • SWISS WATER RESOURCES AND WATER USE TABLES 214
    • TABLE 221 WATER SOURCES IN SWITZERLAND (UNITS AS INDICATED) 214
    • TABLE 222 WATER USE BY SECTOR IN SWITZERLAND (UNITS AS INDICATED) 215
    • TABLE 223 CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LAND IN SWITZERLAND (UNITS AS INDICATED) 215
    • TABLE 224 URBAN WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN SWITZERLAND, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 215
    • TABLE 225 RURAL WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN SWITZERLAND, 1992-2011
    • (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 216
    • SWISS WWT PRODUCT FORECAST 217
    • TABLE 226 WWT FORECAST IN SWITZERLAND, THROUGH 2019 (BY PRODUCT WITHIN PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 217
  • THAILAND 217
    • THAI WATER RESOURCES AND WATER USE TABLES 218
    • TABLE 227 WATER SOURCES IN THAILAND (UNITS AS INDICATED) 218
    • TABLE 228 WATER USE BY SECTOR IN THAILAND (UNITS AS INDICATED) 219
    • TABLE 229 CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LAND IN THAILAND (UNITS AS INDICATED) 219
    • TABLE 230 URBAN WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN THAILAND, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 219
    • TABLE 231 RURAL WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN THAILAND, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 220
    • THAI WWT PRODUCT FORECAST 221
    • TABLE 232 WWT FORECAST IN THAILAND, THROUGH 2019 (BY PRODUCT WITHIN PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 221
  • TURKEY 221
    • TURKISH WATER RESOURCES AND WATER USE TABLES 222
    • TABLE 233 WATER SOURCES IN TURKEY (UNITS AS INDICATED) 222
    • TABLE 234 WATER USE BY SECTOR IN TURKEY (UNITS AS INDICATED) 223
    • TABLE 235 CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LAND IN TURKEY (UNITS AS INDICATED) 223
    • TABLE 236 URBAN WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN TURKEY, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 223
    • TABLE 237 RURAL WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN TURKEY, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 224
    • TURKISH WWT PRODUCT FORECAST 225
    • TABLE 238 WWT FORECAST IN TURKEY, THROUGH 2019 (BY PRODUCT WITHIN PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 225
  • UKRAINE 225
    • UKRAINIAN WATER RESOURCES AND WATER USE TABLES 226
    • TABLE 239 WATER SOURCES IN UKRAINE (UNITS AS INDICATED) 226
    • TABLE 240 WATER USE BY SECTOR IN UKRAINE (UNITS AS INDICATED) 227
    • TABLE 241 CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LAND IN UKRAINE (UNITS AS INDICATED) 227
    • TABLE 242 URBAN WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN UKRAINE, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 227
    • TABLE 243 RURAL WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN UKRAINE, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 228
    • UKRAINIAN WWT PRODUCT FORECAST 229
    • TABLE 244 WWT FORECAST IN UKRAINE, THROUGH 2019 (BY PRODUCT WITHIN PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 229
    • UNITED KINGDOM 229
    • UNITED KINGDOM'S WATER RESOURCES AND WATER USE TABLES 230
    • TABLE 245 WATER SOURCES IN THE UNITED KINGDOM (UNITS AS INDICATED) 230
    • TABLE 246 WATER USE BY SECTOR IN THE UNITED KINGDOM (UNITS AS INDICATED) 231
    • TABLE 247 CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LAND IN THE UNITED KINGDOM (UNITS AS INDICATED) 231
    • TABLE 248 URBAN WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN THE UNITED KINGDOM, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 231
    • TABLE 249 RURAL WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN THE UNITED KINGDOM, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 232
    • UNITED KINGDOM'S WWT PRODUCT FORECAST 233
    • TABLE 250 WWT FORECAST IN THE UNITED KINGDOM, THROUGH 2019 (BY PRODUCT WITHIN PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 233
  • UNITED STATES 233
    • UNITED STATES' WATER RESOURCES AND WATER USE TABLES 234
    • TABLE 251 WATER SOURCES IN THE UNITED STATES (UNITS AS INDICATED) 234
    • TABLE 252 WATER USE BY SECTOR IN THE UNITED STATES (UNITS AS INDICATED) 235
    • TABLE 253 CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LAND IN THE UNITED STATES (UNITS AS INDICATED) 235
    • TABLE 254 URBAN WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN THE UNITED STATES, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 235
    • TABLE 255 RURAL WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN THE UNITED STATES, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 236
    • UNITED STATES' WWT PRODUCT FORECAST 237
    • TABLE 256 WWT FORECAST IN THE UNITED STATES (BY PRODUCT WITHIN PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 237
  • VENEZUELA 237
    • VENEZUELAN WATER RESOURCES AND WATER USE TABLES 238
    • TABLE 257 WATER SOURCES IN VENEZUELA (UNITS AS INDICATED) 238
    • TABLE 258 WATER USE BY SECTOR IN VENEZUELA (UNITS AS INDICATED) 239
    • TABLE 259 CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LAND IN VENEZUELA (UNITS AS INDICATED) 239
    • TABLE 260 URBAN WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN VENEZUELA, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 239
    • TABLE 261 RURAL WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN VENEZUELA, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 240
    • VENEZUELAN WWT PRODUCT FORECAST 241
    • TABLE 262 WWT FORECAST IN VENEZUELA, THROUGH 2019 (BY PRODUCT WITHIN PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 241

CHAPTER 12 THE WATER AND WASTEWATER TREATMENT COMMUNITY 243

  • ACCIONA AGUA 243
  • ACQUEAU 244
  • ADVANCED DRAINAGE SYSTEMS, INC. 244
  • AGUAS DE PORTUGAL 245
  • AMERICAN CONCRETE PIPE ASSOCIATION 245
  • AMERICAN CONCRETE PRESSURE PIPE ASSOCIATION 245
  • AMERICAN MEMBRANE TECHNOLOGY ASSOCIATION 246
  • AMERICAN PUBLIC WORKS ASSOCIATION 246
  • AMERICAN SOCIETY OF CIVIL ENGINEERS 246
  • AMERICAN WATER RESOURCES ASSOCIATION 247
  • AMERICAN WATER WORKS ASSOCIATION 248
  • AMERICAN WATER 249
  • APTWATER INC. 249
  • AQUA AMERICA, INC. 250
  • AQUAFIN NV 250
  • AQUANTIS GMBH 250
  • AQUATEAM 251
  • ASIAN WATER TECHNOLOGY 251
  • ASOCIACION ESPANOLA DE ABASTECIMIENTOS DE AGUA Y SANEAMIENTO 251
  • ASSOCIATION OF WATER TECHNOLOGIES 252
  • ATKINS 252
  • AUSTRALIAN WATER ASSOCIATION 253
  • BEFESA AGUA 253
  • BERLIN CENTRE OF COMPETENCE FOR WATER 253
  • BEST WATER TECHNOLOGY 254
  • BLACK AND & VEATCH 254
  • BRITISH GEOLOGICAL SURVEY 255
  • CABOT NORIT ACTIVATED CARBON 255
  • CALGON CARBON CORP. 256
  • CANADIAN WATER RESOURCES ASSOCIATION 256
  • CANAL DE ISABEL II 256
  • CERMAGREF 257
  • IRSTEA 257
  • CENTRE FOR ECOLOGY & HYDROLOGY 257
  • CERES 258
  • CETAQUA 258
  • CH2M HILL 258
  • COMPANHIA DE SANEAMENTO BASICO DO ESTADO DE SAO PAULO 259
  • COPA-COGECA 259
  • CSTB 260
  • CULLIGAN INTERNATIONAL CO. 260
  • DANISH WATER FORUM 260
  • DANISH WATER AND WASTEWATER ASSOCIATION 261
  • DELTARES 261
  • DHI 261
  • DVGW 262
  • EBARA JITSUGYO CO., LTD. 262
  • ENERKEM 263
  • ENPAR TECHNOLOGIES INC. 263
  • EUROPEAN ASSOCIATION OF NATIONAL WATER AND WASTEWATER ASSOCIATIONS AND USERS 263
  • EUROPEAN CHEMICALS AGENCY 264
  • EUROPEAN COMMISSION WATER SUPPLY AND SANITATION TECHNOLOGY PLATFORM 264
  • EUROPEAN MEMBRANE HOUSE 264
  • EUROPEAN WATER ASSOCIATION 265
  • FEDERUTILITY 265
  • GE WATER & PROCESS TECHNOLOGIES 266
  • GLOBAL WATER PARTNERSHIP 266
  • GRONTMIJ N.V. 267
  • INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL HYDROLOGY 267
  • INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF HYDROLOGICAL SCIENCES 268
  • INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF HYDROLOGISTS 268
  • INTERNATIONAL DESALINATION ASSOCIATION 268
  • INTERNATIONAL JOINT COMMISSION 269
  • INTERNATIONAL SOCIETY FOR TRENCHLESS TECHNOLOGY 269
  • INTERNATIONAL WATER ASSOCIATION 270
  • INTERNATIONAL WATER MANAGEMENT INSTITUTE 271
  • INTEVRAS 271
  • ITT CORP. 271
  • KEMIRA 272
  • KRUGER A/S 272
  • KURITA WATER INDUSTRIES LTD. 273
  • KWR WATERCYCLE RESEARCH INSTITUTE 273
  • LAYNE 273
  • LG SOUND 274
  • THE JAMES HUTTON INSTITUTE 274
  • MWH 275
  • NALCO 275
  • NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF CLEAN WATER AGENCIES 276
  • NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF WATER COMPANIES 276
  • NORIT CARBON 276
  • NORWEGIAN INSTITUTE FOR WATER RESEARCH 276
  • PALL CORP. 277
  • PENTAIR INC. 277
  • PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA MINISTRY OF WATER RESOURCES 278
  • SALINE WATER CONVERSION CORP. 279
  • SCHLUMBERGER WATER SERVICES 279
  • SEVERN TRENT PLC 280
  • SIEMENS INDUSTRY, INC. 280
  • SUEZ ENVIRONNEMENT 281
  • SVENSK VATTEN 281
  • THAMES WATER UTILITIES 282
  • THIRD WORLD CENTRE FOR WATER MANAGEMENT 282
  • UNITED NATIONS FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION 283
  • UN-WATER 283
  • UNITED STATES ARMY CORPS OF ENGINEERS - HYDROLOGIC ENGINEERING CENTER 284
  • UNITED STATES ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY 284
  • FEDERAL LAWS 285
  • EXECUTIVE ORDERS 286
  • UNITED WATER INC. 287
  • UNITED UTILITIES PLC 287
  • VEOLIA ENVIRONNEMENT 287
  • WATER AND WASTEWATER EQUIPMENT MANUFACTURERS ASSOCIATION 288
  • WATER ENVIRONMENT FEDERATION 289
  • WATER SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY BOARD 289
  • WATTS WATER TECHNOLOGIES 289
  • WORLD WATER COUNCIL 290

CHAPTER 13 APPENDIX A 292

  • GLOSSARY OF WATER AND WASTEWATER TREATMENT TERMS 292

CHAPTER 14 APPENDIX B 310

  • KEY WATER AND WASTEWATER CONTROL PATENTS 310
  • TABLE 263 KEY WATER & WASTEWATER CONTROL PATENTS (NEWEST 1ST) 310

LIST OF TABLES

  • SUMMARY TABLE WASTE AND WASTEWATER TREATMENT PRODUCT GROUP FORECAST, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 10
  • TABLE 1 OUTDOOR DEFECATION RATES (%) 13
  • TABLE 2 FRESHWATER VERSUS SALTWATER (MILLION CUBIC METERS/%) 16
  • TABLE 3 FRESHWATER DISTRIBUTION (MILLION CUBIC METERS/%) 16
  • TABLE 4 RURAL AND URBAN POPULATIONS, 1992-2011 (UNITS AS INDICATED) 21
  • TABLE 5 WHO GUIDELINES FOR CHEMICALS, EXCEPT CARCINOGENS (MG/L) 24
  • TABLE 6 WHO PROVISIONAL GUIDELINES DUE TO LIMITED INFORMATION ON HEALTH EFFECTS (MG/L) 26
  • TABLE 7 WHO PROVISIONAL GUIDELINES DUE TO POST- TREATMENT DETECTABILITY (MG/L) 27
  • TABLE 8 PROVISIONAL GUIDELINES WHERE DISINFECTION IS LIKELY TO RESULT IN THE GUIDELINE VALUE BEING EXCEEDED (MG/L) 27
  • TABLE 9 PROVISIONAL GUIDELINES WHERE CALCULATED GUIDELINE VALUE IS BELOW THE ACHIEVABLE QUANTIFICATION LEVEL (MG/L) 28
  • TABLE 10 PROVISIONAL GUIDELINES WHERE ACHIEVING HEALTH-BASED GUIDELINE VALUE MAY AFFECT THE APPEARANCE, TASTE OR ODOR OF THE WATER (MG/L) 28
  • TABLE 11 CHEMICALS THE WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION CLASSIFIES AS CARCINOGENS (MG/L) 29
  • TABLE 12 EU REACH SUBSTANCES OF VERY HIGH CONCERN 31
  • TABLE 13 TYPES OF PATHOGENS THAT DAMAGE WATER QUALITY 32
  • TABLE 14 BACTERIAL PATHOGENS THAT DAMAGE WATER QUALITY 33
  • TABLE 15 PROTOZOAN PATHOGENS THAT DAMAGE WATER QUALITY 33
  • TABLE 16 HELMINTH PATHOGENS THAT DAMAGE WATER QUALITY 33
  • TABLE 17 VIRAL PATHOGENS THAT DAMAGE WATER QUALITY 34
  • TABLE 18 DEMAND FOR WWT PROCESS EQUIPMENT, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 37
  • TABLE 19 FORECAST FOR PRIMARY TREATMENT EQUIPMENT, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 38
  • TABLE 20 FORECAST FOR SECONDARY TREATMENT EQUIPMENT, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 42
  • TABLE 21 FORECAST FOR TERTIARY TREATMENT EQUIPMENT, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 46
  • TABLE 22 FORECAST FOR ADVANCED TREATMENT EQUIPMENT, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 49
  • TABLE 23 DEMAND FOR WWT DELIVERY EQUIPMENT, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 52
  • TABLE 24 FORECAST FOR PIPES AND FITTINGS, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 53
  • TABLE 25 FORECAST FOR PUMPS, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 55
  • TABLE 26 FORECAST FOR VALVES AND CONTROLS, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 56
  • TABLE 27 DEMAND FOR WWT INSTRUMENTATION MARKETS, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 59
  • TABLE 28 FORECAST FOR ANAEROBIC DIGESTION INSTRUMENTATION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 62
  • TABLE 29 FORECAST FOR ACTIVATED SLUDGE INSTRUMENTATION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 65
  • TABLE 30 FORECAST FOR NUTRIENT REMOVAL INSTRUMENTATION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 67
  • TABLE 31 FORECAST FOR SEDIMENTATION INSTRUMENTATION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 69
  • TABLE 32 DEMAND FOR WWT CHEMICALS MARKETS, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 72
  • TABLE 33 FORECAST FOR ACTIVATED CARBON, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 74
  • TABLE 34 FORECAST FOR ALUMINUM SULFATE, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 76
  • TABLE 35 FORECAST FOR CALCIUM HYDROXIDE, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 77
  • TABLE 36 FORECAST FOR SPECIALTY CHEMICALS, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 79
  • TABLE 37 THE 50 MOST RECENT WATER AND WASTEWATER CONTROL PATENTS (NEWEST FIRST) 83
  • TABLE 38 WATER SOURCES IN ARGENTINA (UNITS AS INDICATED) 87
  • TABLE 39 WATER USE BY SECTOR IN ARGENTINA (UNITS AS INDICATED) 88
  • TABLE 40 CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LAND IN ARGENTINA (UNITS AS INDICATED) 88
  • TABLE 41 URBAN WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN ARGENTINA, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 88
  • TABLE 42 RURAL WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN ARGENTINA, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 89
  • TABLE 43 WWT FORECAST IN ARGENTINA, THROUGH 2019 (BY PRODUCT WITHIN PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 90
  • TABLE 44 WATER SOURCES IN AUSTRALIA (UNITS AS INDICATED) 91
  • TABLE 45 WATER USE IN AUSTRALIA BY SECTOR (UNITS AS INDICATED) 92
  • TABLE 46 CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LAND IN AUSTRALIA (UNITS AS INDICATED) 92
  • TABLE 47 URBAN WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN AUSTRALIA, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 93
  • TABLE 48 RURAL WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN AUSTRALIA, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 94
  • TABLE 49 WWT FORECAST IN AUSTRALIA, THROUGH 2019 (BY PRODUCT WITHIN PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 95
  • TABLE 50 WATER SOURCES IN AUSTRIA (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 96
  • TABLE 51 WATER USE BY SECTOR IN AUSTRIA (UNITS AS INDICATED) 97
  • TABLE 52 CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LAND IN AUSTRIA (UNITS AS INDICATED) 97
  • TABLE 53 URBAN WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN AUSTRIA, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 97
  • TABLE 54 RURAL WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN AUSTRIA, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 98
  • TABLE 55 WWT FORECAST IN AUSTRIA, THROUGH 2019 (BY PRODUCT WITHIN PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 99
  • TABLE 56 WATER SOURCES IN BELGIUM (UNITS AS INDICATED) 100
  • TABLE 57 WATER USE BY SECTOR IN BELGIUM (UNITS AS INDICATED) 101
  • TABLE 58 CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LAND IN BELGIUM (UNITS AS INDICATED) 101
  • TABLE 59 URBAN WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN BELGIUM, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 101
  • TABLE 60 RURAL WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN BELGIUM, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 102
  • TABLE 61 WWT FORECAST IN BELGIUM, THROUGH 2019 (BY PRODUCT WITHIN PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 103
  • TABLE 62 WATER SOURCES IN BRAZIL (UNITS AS INDICATED) 104
  • TABLE 63 WATER USE BY SECTOR IN BRAZIL (UNITS AS INDICATED) 105
  • TABLE 64 CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LAND IN BRAZIL (UNITS AS INDICATED) 105
  • TABLE 65 URBAN WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN BRAZIL, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 106
  • TABLE 66 WWT FORECAST IN BRAZIL, THROUGH 2019 (BY PRODUCT WITHIN PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 107
  • TABLE 67 WATER SOURCES IN CANADA (UNITS AS INDICATED) 108
  • TABLE 68 WATER USE BY SECTOR IN CANADA (UNITS AS INDICATED) 109
  • TABLE 69 CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LAND IN CANADA (UNITS AS INDICATED) 109
  • TABLE 70 URBAN WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN CANADA, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 110
  • TABLE 71 RURAL WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN CANADA, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 110
  • TABLE 72 WWT FORECAST IN CANADA, THROUGH 2019 (BY PRODUCT WITHIN PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 111
  • TABLE 73 WWT FORECAST IN CHINA-HONG KONG, THROUGH 2019 (BY PRODUCT WITHIN PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 113
  • TABLE 74 URBAN WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN CHINA-MAINLAND, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 114
  • TABLE 75 RURAL WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN CHINA-MAINLAND, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 115
  • TABLE 76 WWT FORECAST IN CHINA-MAINLAND, THROUGH 2019 (BY PRODUCT WITHIN PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 116
  • TABLE 77 PRODUCT-LEVEL FORECAST IN CHINA-TAIWAN, THROUGH 2019 (BY PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 117
  • TABLE 78 WATER SOURCES IN COLOMBIA (UNITS AS INDICATED) 118
  • TABLE 79 WATER USE BY SECTOR IN COLOMBIA (UNITS AS INDICATED) 119
  • TABLE 80 CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LAND IN COLOMBIA (UNITS AS INDICATED) 119
  • TABLE 81 URBAN WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN COLOMBIA, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 119
  • TABLE 82 RURAL WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN COLOMBIA, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 120
  • TABLE 83 WWT FORECAST IN COLOMBIA, THROUGH 2019 (BY PRODUCT WITHIN PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 121
  • TABLE 84 WATER SOURCES IN EGYPT (UNITS AS INDICATED) 122
  • TABLE 85 WATER USE BY SECTOR IN EGYPT (UNITS AS INDICATED) 123
  • TABLE 86 CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LAND IN EGYPT (UNITS AS INDICATED) 123
  • TABLE 87 URBAN WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN EGYPT, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 124
  • TABLE 88 RURAL WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN EGYPT, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 124
  • TABLE 89 WWT FORECAST IN EGYPT, THROUGH 2019 (BY PRODUCT WITHIN PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 125
  • TABLE 90 WATER SOURCES IN FRANCE (UNITS AS INDICATED) 126
  • TABLE 91 WATER USE BY SECTOR IN FRANCE (UNITS AS INDICATED) 127
  • TABLE 92 CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LAND IN FRANCE (UNITS AS INDICATED) 127
  • TABLE 93 URBAN WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN FRANCE, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 128
  • TABLE 94 RURAL WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN FRANCE, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 128
  • TABLE 95 WWT FORECAST IN FRANCE, THROUGH 2019 (BY PRODUCT WITHIN PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 129
  • TABLE 96 WATER USE BY SECTOR IN GERMANY (UNITS AS INDICATED) 130
  • TABLE 97 CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LAND IN GERMANY (UNITS AS INDICATED) 131
  • TABLE 98 URBAN WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN GERMANY, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 131
  • TABLE 99 RURAL WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN GERMANY, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 132
  • TABLE 100 WWT FORECAST IN GERMANY, THROUGH 2019 (BY PRODUCT WITHIN PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 133
  • TABLE 101 WATER SOURCES IN GREECE (UNITS AS INDICATED) 134
  • TABLE 102 WATER USE BY SECTOR IN GREECE (UNITS AS INDICATED) 135
  • TABLE 103 CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LAND IN GREECE (UNITS AS INDICATED) 135
  • TABLE 104 URBAN WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN GREECE, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 135
  • TABLE 105 RURAL WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN GREECE, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 136
  • TABLE 106 WWT FORECAST IN GREECE, THROUGH 2019 (BY PRODUCT WITHIN PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 137
  • TABLE 107 WATER SOURCES IN INDIA (UNITS AS INDICATED) 138
  • TABLE 108 WATER USE BY SECTOR IN INDIA (UNITS AS INDICATED) 139
  • TABLE 109 CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LAND IN INDIA (UNITS AS INDICATED) 139
  • TABLE 110 URBAN WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN INDIA, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 139
  • TABLE 111 RURAL WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN INDIA, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 140
  • TABLE 112 WWT FORECAST IN INDIA, THROUGH 2019 (BY PRODUCT WITHIN PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 141
  • TABLE 113 WATER SOURCES IN INDONESIA (UNITS AS INDICATED) 142
  • TABLE 114 WATER USE BY SECTOR IN INDONESIA (UNITS AS INDICATED) 143
  • TABLE 115 CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LAND IN INDONESIA (UNITS AS INDICATED) 143
  • TABLE 116 URBAN WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN INDONESIA, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 143
  • TABLE 117 RURAL WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN INDONESIA, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 144
  • TABLE 118 WWT FORECAST IN INDONESIA, THROUGH 2019 (BY PRODUCT WITHIN PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 145
  • TABLE 119 WATER SOURCES IN IRAN (UNITS AS INDICATED) 146
  • TABLE 120 WATER USE BY SECTOR IN IRAN (UNITS AS INDICATED) 147
  • TABLE 121 CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LAND IN IRAN (UNITS AS INDICATED) 147
  • TABLE 122 URBAN WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN IRAN, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 147
  • TABLE 123 URBAN WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN IRAN, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 148
  • TABLE 124 WWT FORECAST IN IRAN, THROUGH 2019 (BY PRODUCT WITHIN PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 149
  • TABLE 125 WATER SOURCES IN ITALY (UNITS AS INDICATED) 150
  • TABLE 126 WATER USE BY SECTOR IN ITALY (UNITS AS INDICATED) 151
  • TABLE 127 CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LAND IN ITALY (UNITS AS INDICATED) 151
  • TABLE 128 URBAN WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN ITALY, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 151
  • TABLE 129 RURAL WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN ITALY, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 152
  • TABLE 130 WWT FORECAST IN ITALY, THROUGH 2019 (BY PRODUCT WITHIN PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 153
  • TABLE 131 WATER SOURCES IN JAPAN (UNITS AS INDICATED) 154
  • TABLE 132 WATER USE BY SECTOR IN JAPAN (UNITS AS INDICATED) 155
  • TABLE 133 CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LAND IN JAPAN (UNITS AS INDICATED) 155
  • TABLE 134 URBAN WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN JAPAN, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 155
  • TABLE 135 RURAL WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN JAPAN, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 156
  • TABLE 136 WWT FORECAST IN JAPAN, THROUGH 2019 (BY PRODUCT WITHIN PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 157
  • TABLE 137 WATER SOURCES IN MALAYSIA (UNITS AS INDICATED) 158
  • TABLE 138 WATER USE BY SECTOR IN MALAYSIA (UNITS AS INDICATED) 159
  • TABLE 139 CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LAND IN MALAYSIA (UNITS AS INDICATED) 159
  • TABLE 140 URBAN WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN MALAYSIA, THROUGH 2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 159
  • TABLE 141 RURAL WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN MALAYSIA, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 160
  • TABLE 142 WWT FORECAST IN MALAYSIA, THROUGH 2019 (BY PRODUCT WITHIN PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 161
  • TABLE 143 WATER SOURCES IN MEXICO (UNITS AS INDICATED) 162
  • TABLE 144 WATER USE BY SECTOR IN MEXICO (UNITS AS INDICATED) 163
  • TABLE 145 CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LAND IN MEXICO (UNITS AS INDICATED) 163
  • TABLE 146 URBAN WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN MEXICO, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 163
  • TABLE 147 RURAL WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN MEXICO, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 164
  • TABLE 148 WWT FORECAST IN MEXICO, THROUGH 2019 (BY PRODUCT WITHIN PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 165
  • TABLE 149 WATER SOURCES IN THE NETHERLANDS (UNITS AS INDICATED) 166
  • TABLE 150 WATER USE BY SECTOR IN THE NETHERLANDS (UNITS AS INDICATED) 167
  • TABLE 151 CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LAND IN THE NETHERLANDS (UNITS AS INDICATED) 167
  • TABLE 152 URBAN WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN THE NETHERLANDS, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 167
  • TABLE 153 RURAL WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN THE NETHERLANDS, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 168
  • TABLE 154 WWT FORECAST IN THE NETHERLANDS, THROUGH 2019 (BY PRODUCT WITHIN PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 169
  • TABLE 155 WATER SOURCES IN NIGERIA (UNITS AS INDICATED) 170
  • TABLE 156 WATER USE BY SECTOR IN NIGERIA (UNITS AS INDICATED) 171
  • TABLE 157 CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LAND IN NIGERIA (UNITS AS INDICATED) 171
  • TABLE 158 URBAN WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN NIGERIA, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 171
  • TABLE 159 RURAL WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN NIGERIA, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 172
  • TABLE 160 WWT FORECAST IN NIGERIA, THROUGH 2019 (BY PRODUCT WITHIN PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 173
  • TABLE 161 WATER SOURCES IN NORWAY (UNITS AS INDICATED) 174
  • TABLE 162 WATER USE BY SECTOR IN NORWAY (UNITS AS INDICATED) 175
  • TABLE 163 CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LAND IN NORWAY (UNITS AS INDICATED) 175
  • TABLE 164 URBAN WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN NORWAY, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 175
  • TABLE 165 RURAL WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN NORWAY, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 176
  • TABLE 166 WWT FORECAST IN NORWAY, THROUGH 2019 (BY PRODUCT WITHIN PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 177
  • TABLE 167 WATER SOURCES IN PAKISTAN (UNITS AS INDICATED) 178
  • TABLE 168 WATER USE BY SECTOR IN PAKISTAN (UNITS AS INDICATED) 179
  • TABLE 169 CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LAND IN PAKISTAN (UNITS AS INDICATED) 179
  • TABLE 170 URBAN WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN PAKISTAN, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 179
  • TABLE 171 RURAL WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN PAKISTAN, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 180
  • TABLE 172 WWT FORECAST IN PAKISTAN, THROUGH 2019 (BY PRODUCT WITHIN PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 181
  • TABLE 173 WATER SOURCES IN THE PHILIPPINES (UNITS AS INDICATED) 182
  • TABLE 174 WATER USE BY SECTOR IN THE PHILIPPINES (UNITS AS INDICATED) 183
  • TABLE 175 CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LAND IN THE PHILIPPINES (UNITS AS INDICATED) 183
  • TABLE 176 URBAN WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN THE PHILIPPINES, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 183
  • TABLE 177 RURAL WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN THE PHILIPPINES, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 184
  • TABLE 178 WWT FORECAST IN THE PHILIPPINES, THROUGH 2019 (BY PRODUCT WITHIN PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 185
  • TABLE 179 WATER SOURCES IN POLAND (UNITS AS INDICATED) 186
  • TABLE 180 WATER USE BY SECTOR IN POLAND (UNITS AS INDICATED) 187
  • TABLE 181 CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LAND IN POLAND (UNITS AS INDICATED) 187
  • TABLE 182 URBAN WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN POLAND, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 187
  • TABLE 183 RURAL WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN POLAND, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 188
  • TABLE 184 WWT FORECAST IN POLAND, THROUGH 2019 (BY PRODUCT WITHIN PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 189
  • TABLE 185 WATER SOURCES IN RUSSIA (UNITS AS INDICATED) 190
  • TABLE 186 WATER USE BY SECTOR IN RUSSIA (UNITS AS INDICATED) 191
  • TABLE 187 CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LAND IN RUSSIA (UNITS AS INDICATED) 191
  • TABLE 188 URBAN WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN RUSSIA, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 191
  • TABLE 189 RURAL WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN RUSSIA, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 192
  • TABLE 190 WWT FORECAST IN RUSSIA, THROUGH 2019 (BY PRODUCT WITHIN PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 193
  • TABLE 191 WATER SOURCES IN SAUDI ARABIA (UNITS AS INDICATED) 194
  • TABLE 192 WATER USE BY SECTOR IN SAUDI ARABIA (UNITS AS INDICATED) 195
  • TABLE 193 CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LAND IN SAUDI ARABIA (UNITS AS INDICATED) 195
  • TABLE 194 URBAN WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN SAUDI ARABIA, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 195
  • TABLE 195 RURAL WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN SAUDI ARABIA, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 196
  • TABLE 196 WWT FORECAST IN SAUDI ARABIA, THROUGH 2019 (BY PRODUCT WITHIN PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 197
  • TABLE 197 WATER SOURCES IN SOUTH AFRICA (UNITS AS INDICATED) 198
  • TABLE 198 WATER USE BY SECTOR IN SOUTH AFRICA (UNITS AS INDICATED) 199
  • TABLE 199 CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LAND IN SOUTH AFRICA (UNITS AS INDICATED) 199
  • TABLE 200 URBAN WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN SOUTH AFRICA, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 199
  • TABLE 201 RURAL WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN SOUTH AFRICA, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 200
  • TABLE 202 WWT FORECAST IN SOUTH AFRICA (BY PRODUCT WITHIN PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 201
  • TABLE 203 WATER SOURCES IN SOUTH KOREA (UNITS AS INDICATED) 202
  • TABLE 204 WATER USE BY SECTOR IN SOUTH KOREA (UNITS AS INDICATED) 203
  • TABLE 205 CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LAND IN SOUTH KOREA (UNITS AS INDICATED) 203
  • TABLE 206 URBAN WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN SOUTH KOREA, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 203
  • TABLE 207 RURAL WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN SOUTH KOREA, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 204
  • TABLE 208 WWT FORECAST IN SOUTH KOREA, THROUGH 2019 (BY PRODUCT WITHIN PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 205
  • TABLE 209 WATER SOURCES IN SPAIN (UNITS AS INDICATED) 206
  • TABLE 210 WATER USE BY SECTOR IN SPAIN (UNITS AS INDICATED) 207
  • TABLE 211 CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LAND IN SPAIN (UNITS AS INDICATED) 207
  • TABLE 212 URBAN WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN SPAIN, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 207
  • TABLE 213 RURAL WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN SPAIN, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 208
  • TABLE 214 WWT FORECAST IN SPAIN, THROUGH 2019 (BY PRODUCT WITHIN PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 209
  • TABLE 215 WATER SOURCES IN SWEDEN (UNITS AS INDICATED) 210
  • TABLE 216 WATER USE BY SECTOR IN SWEDEN (UNITS AS INDICATED) 211
  • TABLE 217 CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LAND IN SWEDEN (UNITS AS INDICATED) 211
  • TABLE 218 URBAN WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN SWEDEN, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 211
  • TABLE 219 RURAL WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN SWEDEN, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 212
  • TABLE 220 WWT FORECAST IN SWEDEN, THROUGH 2019 (BY PRODUCT WITHIN PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 213
  • TABLE 221 WATER SOURCES IN SWITZERLAND (UNITS AS INDICATED) 214
  • TABLE 222 WATER USE BY SECTOR IN SWITZERLAND (UNITS AS INDICATED) 215
  • TABLE 223 CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LAND IN SWITZERLAND (UNITS AS INDICATED) 215
  • TABLE 224 URBAN WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN SWITZERLAND, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 215
  • TABLE 225 RURAL WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN SWITZERLAND, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 216
  • TABLE 226 WWT FORECAST IN SWITZERLAND, THROUGH 2019 (BY PRODUCT WITHIN PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 217
  • TABLE 227 WATER SOURCES IN THAILAND (UNITS AS INDICATED) 218
  • TABLE 228 WATER USE BY SECTOR IN THAILAND (UNITS AS INDICATED) 219
  • TABLE 229 CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LAND IN THAILAND (UNITS AS INDICATED) 219
  • TABLE 230 URBAN WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN THAILAND, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 219
  • TABLE 231 RURAL WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN THAILAND, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 220
  • TABLE 232 WWT FORECAST IN THAILAND, THROUGH 2019 (BY PRODUCT WITHIN PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 221
  • TABLE 233 WATER SOURCES IN TURKEY (UNITS AS INDICATED) 222
  • TABLE 234 WATER USE BY SECTOR IN TURKEY (UNITS AS INDICATED) 223
  • TABLE 235 CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LAND IN TURKEY (UNITS AS INDICATED) 223
  • TABLE 236 URBAN WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN TURKEY, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 223
  • TABLE 237 RURAL WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN TURKEY, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 224
  • TABLE 238 WWT FORECAST IN TURKEY, THROUGH 2019 (BY PRODUCT WITHIN PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 225
  • TABLE 239 WATER SOURCES IN UKRAINE (UNITS AS INDICATED) 226
  • TABLE 240 WATER USE BY SECTOR IN UKRAINE (UNITS AS INDICATED) 227
  • TABLE 241 CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LAND IN UKRAINE (UNITS AS INDICATED) 227
  • TABLE 242 URBAN WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN UKRAINE, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 227
  • TABLE 243 RURAL WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN UKRAINE, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 228
  • TABLE 244 WWT FORECAST IN UKRAINE, THROUGH 2019 (BY PRODUCT WITHIN PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 229
  • TABLE 245 WATER SOURCES IN THE UNITED KINGDOM (UNITS AS INDICATED) 230
  • TABLE 246 WATER USE BY SECTOR IN THE UNITED KINGDOM (UNITS AS INDICATED) 231
  • TABLE 247 CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LAND IN THE UNITED KINGDOM (UNITS AS INDICATED) 231
  • TABLE 248 URBAN WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN THE UNITED KINGDOM, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 231
  • TABLE 249 RURAL WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN THE UNITED KINGDOM, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 232
  • TABLE 250 WWT FORECAST IN THE UNITED KINGDOM, THROUGH 2019 (BY PRODUCT WITHIN PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 233
  • TABLE 251 WATER SOURCES IN THE UNITED STATES (UNITS AS INDICATED) 234
  • TABLE 252 WATER USE BY SECTOR IN THE UNITED STATES (UNITS AS INDICATED) 235
  • TABLE 253 CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LAND IN THE UNITED STATES (UNITS AS INDICATED) 235
  • TABLE 254 URBAN WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN THE UNITED STATES, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 235
  • TABLE 255 RURAL WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN THE UNITED STATES, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 236
  • TABLE 256 WWT FORECAST IN THE UNITED STATES (BY PRODUCT WITHIN PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 237
  • TABLE 257 WATER SOURCES IN VENEZUELA (UNITS AS INDICATED) 238
  • TABLE 258 WATER USE BY SECTOR IN VENEZUELA (UNITS AS INDICATED) 239
  • TABLE 259 CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LAND IN VENEZUELA (UNITS AS INDICATED) 239
  • TABLE 260 URBAN WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN VENEZUELA, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 239
  • TABLE 261 RURAL WWT INFRASTRUCTURE IN VENEZUELA, 1992-2011 (MILLIONS, MILLIONS UTILIZING) 240
  • TABLE 262 WWT FORECAST IN VENEZUELA, THROUGH 2019 (BY PRODUCT WITHIN PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 241
  • TABLE 263 KEY WATER & WASTEWATER CONTROL PATENTS (NEWEST 1ST) 310

LIST OF FIGURES

  • SUMMARY FIGURE WWT PRODUCTS FORECAST FOR 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 10
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