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Top Ten Companies in Rare Earths

This report provides:

  • Identification of the top 10 companies in the market for rare earths, and the rationale behind these selections.
  • Factors taken into account, including technical innovation, market leadership, and commitment to this market via investment in products.
  • When selecting these top 10 companies, BCC Research looked across the industry spectrum and selected the most active and significant contributors while recognizing that there are many other contenders. Some of these “significant others” are included but to a less-detailed extent than the top 10 companies.

SAMPLE FIGURE
GLOBAL MARKET FOR RARE EARTHS, 2009-2016
(METRIC TONS - REO EQUIVALENT)

Source: BCC Research

STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES

Rare earths are a group of 17 metallic elements that have similar chemical structures with unique properties. BCC has followed the rare earth market for more than 15 years, reporting on all the latest technical and market developments. During this period, consumption of these materials has expanded by a factor of three and many new products containing these elements have been introduced. With this study, BCC Research continues its commitment to monitoring the rare earth market with a special focus on the companies actively engaged in the mining, separation, production, and distribution of rare earths.

This study highlights the details of the top ten companies and the details of their mines and products as well as technology advancements, executives and present financial situations of these companies. Some acknowledgement is made of how the geopolitical scene plays into the production and utilization of rare earths and the newer combinations of materials that are being investigated.

REASONS FOR DOING THIS STUDY

The first rare earths were discovered in the late 1700s, although commercial applications for these materials remained limited until the 1960s. During the last 50 years, due to the ongoing development of new applications, utilization of rare earths has steadily increased. Technologically advanced devices used in the automobile, defense, metallurgy, electronics and optoelectronics, chemical, energy, and other fields owe some of their outstanding properties to the presence of rare earths.

Once the United States was the world's leading supplier but the mine was closed for environmental reasons. The Chinese then became dominant in production. The principal reason for doing this study is to provide an updated and comprehensive assessment of the rare earth producers, particularly as it relates to the evaluation of mining projects worldwide, current and future availability of rare earths, and the status of companies that may change the availability and pricing of rare earths.

ANALYST CREDENTIALS

Anna Welch Crull, scientist, business analyst, and experienced consultant, is qualified in electrochemistry, polymers, membrane materials, and advanced materials. She a broad business background and has worked with BCC (now BCC Research) for 31 years and authored more than 115 technical/marketing and business reports, helped newsletters, and assisted in numerous special consulting studies and conferences for more than 35 corporations and intelligence for the U.S. government entities. She has worked for the U.S. Army Materials Command on rocket science, propellants, membranes, and explosives. Ms. Crull is a graduate of the School of Engineering, University of Mississippi and holds a Masters Degree in Chemistry from the University of Missouri.

Table of Contents

Top Ten Companies in Rare Earths

Chapter - 1: INTRODUCTION - Complimentary

  • STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES
  • REASONS FOR DOING THIS STUDY
  • INTENDED AUDIENCE
  • METHODOLOGY AND INFORMATION SOURCES
  • RELATED BCC RESEARCH STUDIES
  • CUSTOM ANALYSES
  • ANALYST CREDENTIALS
  • BCC ON-LINE SERVICES
  • DISCLAIMER

Chapter - 2: SUMMARY

  • Table Summary: GLOBAL MARKET FOR RARE EARTHS, THROUGH 2016
  • Figure Summary: GLOBAL MARKET FOR RARE EARTHS, 2009-2016

Chapter - 3: OVERVIEW

  • RARE EARTH ELEMENTS
    • RARE EARTH MINERALS
      • Table 2: TYPICAL RARE EARTH CONTENT IN SELECTED RARE EARTH MINERALS
    • Figure 1: RARE EARTHS IN THE PERIODIC CHART
    • Table 1: TYPICAL PROPERTIES OF LANTHANOIDS
  • RARE EARTHS PROCESSING
    • Table 3: PROCESSING STEPS IN THE RARE EARTH INDUSTRY
  • HOW RARE IS RARE?

Chapter - 4: APPLICATIONS AND USES FOR RARE EARTH ELEMENTS

  • END USES
    • METALLURGICAL/MECHANICAL
      • Table 4: RARE EARTH ELEMENTS APPLICATIONS IN THE METALLURGICAL AND MECHANICAL SECTOR
    • GLASS/CERAMICS
      • Table 5: RARE EARTH APPLICATIONS IN THE GLASS/CERAMIC SECTOR
    • ELECTRONICS, OPTICS AND OPTOELECTRONICS
      • Table 6: RARE EARTH APPLICATIONS IN ELECTRONICS, OPTICS AND OPTOELECTRONICS
    • CHEMICAL
      • Table 7: RARE EARTH APPLICATIONS IN THE CHEMICAL SECTOR
    • ENERGY
      • Table 8: RARE EARTH APPLICATIONS IN THE ENERGY SECTOR, 2011
    • LIFE SCIENCES
      • Table 9: RARE EARTH APPLICATIONS IN THE LIFE SCIENCES SECTOR
    • SENSORS AND INSTRUMENTATION
      • Table 10: RARE EARTH APPLICATIONS IN THE SENSORS AND INSTRUMENTATION SECTOR
    • CONSUMER
      • Table 11: RARE EARTH APPLICATIONS IN THE CONSUMER SECTOR
    • OTHERS
      • Table 12: OTHER RARE EARTH APPLICATIONS, 2011
  • SUMMARY OF DEMAND FOR RARE EARTHS BY INDUSTRY
    • Table 13: GLOBAL DEMAND FOR RARE EARTHS BY INDUSTRY

Chapter - 5: RARE EARTH ELEMENT PRODUCTION AND SEPARATIONS

  • ABUNDANCE AND DEPOSIT TYPES OF RARE EARTH ELEMENTS
    • FAST FACTS ON RARE EARTH MINERALS
      • Table 15: REPRESENTATIVE RARE EARTH CONTENT IN COMMON RARE EARTH MINERALS
    • Table 14: RARE EARTHS ABUNDANCE IN EARTH'S CRUST
  • PROCESSING STEPS
    • MINING
    • MINERAL PROCESSING
    • TRENDS IN RECYCLING RARE EARTHS
      • Recycling of Rare Earths for Rechargeable Batteries
      • Nanosized Rare Earths for Soot Reduction
    • Table 16: TYPICAL PROCESSING STEPS IN THE RARE EARTH INDUSTRY
  • INDICATED GLOBAL RARE EARTHS PRODUCTION
    • GAP BETWEEN PRODUCTION AND DEMAND
      • Table 17: RARE EARTHS PRODUCTION BY COUNTRY
  • SELECTED AREAS OF RARE EARTHS RESOURCES
    • UNITED STATES
      • Table 18: U.S. RARE EARTH RESOURCES
    • CANADA
      • Thor Lake
        • Table 19: THOR LAKE, CANADA - NECHALACHO ORE COMPOSITION
      • Eldor
        • Table 20: ELDOR, CANADA - ASHRAM ZONE ORE COMPOSITION
      • Wicheeda
      • Strange Lake
        • Table 21: STRANGE LAKE, CANADA - B-ZONE ORE COMPOSITION
      • Misery Lake
      • Oka
        • Table 22: OKA, CANADA - TYPICAL ORE COMPOSITION
      • Hoidas Lake
        • Table 23: HOIDAS LAKE, CANADA - TYPICAL RARE EARTH ORE COMPOSITION
      • Elliot Lake
        • Table 24: ELLIOT LAKE, CANADA - ECO RIDGE RARE EARTH ORE COMPOSITION
    • Other Resources
      • Kipawa
      • Eden Lake
      • Red Wine
      • Lancer
    • Summary of Rare Earths Resources in Canada
      • Table 25: CANADA RARE EARTH RESOURCES
  • BRAZIL
    • Monazite Placers
    • Other Resources
      • Morro dos Seis Lagos
      • Araxá
        • Table 26: ARAXA, BRAZIL - TYPICAL RARE EARTH ORE COMPOSITION
      • Catalaõ
        • Table 27: CATALAO, BRAZIL - TYPICAL RARE EARTH ORE COMPOSITION
      • REE in Fertilizers
      • Tapira
        • Table 28: TAPIRA, BRAZIL - TYPICAL RARE EARTH ORE COMPOSITION
      • Salitre
      • Pitinga
      • Morro do Ferro
        • Table 29: MORRO DO FERRO, BRAZIL - TYPICAL RARE EARTH ORE COMPOSITION
      • Mato Preto
        • Table 30: MATO PRETO, BRAZIL - TYPICAL RARE EARTH ORE COMPOSITION
    • Summary of Rare Earths Resources in Brazil
      • Table 31: BRAZIL RARE EARTH RESOURCES
  • ARGENTINA
    • Rodeo de Los Molles
    • Other Resources
  • INDIA
    • Monazite Placers
      • Table 32: INDIA - TYPICAL MONAZITE ORE COMPOSITION
  • CHINA
    • Bayan Obo
      • Table 33: BAYAN OBO, INNER MONGOLIA, CHINA - TYPICAL BASTNASITE ORE COMPOSITION
    • Weishan
    • Maoniuping
      • Table 34: MAONIUPING, SICHUAN, CHINA - TYPICAL ORE COMPOSITION
    • Ion-adsorption Clays
    • Other Resources
      • Table 35: SOUTHERN CHINA - TYPICAL MONAZITE ORE COMPOSITION
    • Summary of Rare Earths Resources in China
      • Table 36: CHINA RARE EARTH RESOURCES, 2011
    • Application Conditions for China Rare Earth Export Quotas (December 5, 2012)
    • Other Asian Resources
      • Table 37: VIETNAM RARE EARTH RESOURCES
  • SUMMARY OF WORLD RESERVES OF RARE EARTHS
    • Table 38: GLOBAL RARE EARTH RESERVES

Chapter - 6: FOCUS COMPANIES

  • TOP TEN FOCUS COMPANIES FOR RARE EARTHS
    • BAOTA STEEL RARE EARTH (GROUP) HI-TECH CO., LTD.
      • Business News
      • Products
      • Key Executives
      • Financials
    • CHINA RARE EARTH HOLDINGS LTD. (CRE)
      • Business Profile
      • Products
      • Key Executives
      • Financials
    • SOLVAY GROUP--RHODA S.A.
      • Business Acquisitions
      • Products
      • Key Executives
      • Financials
    • INDIAN RARE EARTHS LTD. (IREL)
      • Business News and Acquisitions
      • Products
      • Development
      • Key Executives
      • Financial
    • MOLYCORP INC.
      • Neo Material Technologies Inc.
      • Business News
      • Acquisitions and Investments
      • Key Executives
      • Financials
    • LYNAS CORPORATION
      • Business News
      • Products
      • Key Executives
      • Financials
    • MITSUI MINING AND SMELTING
      • Business News
      • Products
      • Key Executives
      • Financials
    • IRTYSH RARE EARTHS LTD. (IRESCO)
      • Products
        • Minerals in Kazakhstan
      • Key Executives
      • Financials
    • GANSU RARE EARTH GROUP (GSRE)
      • Products
      • Key Executives
      • Financial
    • ARAFURA RESOURCES LTD.
      • Products and Prospects
      • Advancing Technology
      • Key Executives
      • Financials
  • WORTHY OF BEING MENTIONED
    • AVALON RARE METALS INC.
    • BOLERO RESOURCES CORP.
    • CHINA MINMETALS
    • COMMERCE RESOURCES CORPORATION
    • DANDONG JINLONG RARE EARTH
    • FERRO CORPORATION
    • SANTOKU CORPORATION
    • SHIN-ETSU CHEMICAL CO., LTD.
    • SHOWA DENKO
    • OTHER COMPANIES IN THE RARE EARTH BUSINESS IN CHINA

List of Tables

  • Summary Table: GLOBAL MARKET FOR RARE EARTHS, THROUGH 2016
    • Table 1: TYPICAL PROPERTIES OF LANTHANOIDS
    • Table 2: TYPICAL RARE EARTH CONTENT IN SELECTED RARE EARTH MINERALS
    • Table 3: PROCESSING STEPS IN THE RARE EARTH INDUSTRY
    • Table 4: RARE EARTH ELEMENTS APPLICATIONS IN THE METALLURGICAL AND MECHANICAL SECTOR
    • Table 5: RARE EARTH APPLICATIONS IN THE GLASS/CERAMIC SECTOR
    • Table 6: RARE EARTH APPLICATIONS IN ELECTRONICS, OPTICS AND OPTOELECTRONICS
    • Table 7: RARE EARTH APPLICATIONS IN THE CHEMICAL SECTOR
    • Table 8: RARE EARTH APPLICATIONS IN THE ENERGY SECTOR, 2011
    • Table 9: RARE EARTH APPLICATIONS IN THE LIFE SCIENCES SECTOR
    • Table 10: RARE EARTH APPLICATIONS IN THE SENSORS AND INSTRUMENTATION SECTOR
    • Table 11: RARE EARTH APPLICATIONS IN THE CONSUMER SECTOR
    • Table 12: OTHER RARE EARTH APPLICATIONS, 2011
    • Table 13: GLOBAL DEMAND FOR RARE EARTHS BY INDUSTRY
    • Table 14: RARE EARTHS ABUNDANCE IN EARTH'S CRUST
    • Table 15: REPRESENTATIVE RARE EARTH CONTENT IN COMMON RARE EARTH MINERALS
    • Table 16: TYPICAL PROCESSING STEPS IN THE RARE EARTH INDUSTRY
    • Table 17: RARE EARTHS PRODUCTION BY COUNTRY
    • Table 18: U.S. RARE EARTH RESOURCES
    • Table 19: THOR LAKE, CANADA - NECHALACHO ORE COMPOSITION
    • Table 20: ELDOR, CANADA - ASHRAM ZONE ORE COMPOSITION
    • Table 21: STRANGE LAKE, CANADA - B-ZONE ORE COMPOSITION
    • Table 22: OKA, CANADA - TYPICAL ORE COMPOSITION
    • Table 23: HOIDAS LAKE, CANADA - TYPICAL RARE EARTH ORE COMPOSITION
    • Table 24: ELLIOT LAKE, CANADA - ECO RIDGE RARE EARTH ORE COMPOSITION
    • Table 25: CANADA RARE EARTH RESOURCES
    • Table 26: ARAXA, BRAZIL - TYPICAL RARE EARTH ORE COMPOSITION
    • Table 27: CATALAO, BRAZIL - TYPICAL RARE EARTH ORE COMPOSITION
    • Table 28: TAPIRA, BRAZIL - TYPICAL RARE EARTH ORE COMPOSITION
    • Table 29: MORRO DO FERRO, BRAZIL - TYPICAL RARE EARTH ORE COMPOSITION
    • Table 30: MATO PRETO, BRAZIL - TYPICAL RARE EARTH ORE COMPOSITION
    • Table 31: BRAZIL RARE EARTH RESOURCES
    • Table 32: INDIA - TYPICAL MONAZITE ORE COMPOSITION
    • Table 33: BAYAN OBO, INNER MONGOLIA, CHINA - TYPICAL BASTNASITE ORE COMPOSITION
    • Table 34: MAONIUPING, SICHUAN, CHINA - TYPICAL ORE COMPOSITION
    • Table 35: SOUTHERN CHINA - TYPICAL MONAZITE ORE COMPOSITION
    • Table 36: CHINA RARE EARTH RESOURCES, 2011
    • Table 37: VIETNAM RARE EARTH RESOURCES
    • Table 38: GLOBAL RARE EARTH RESERVES

List of Figures

  • Summary Figure: GLOBAL MARKET FOR RARE EARTHS, 2009-2016
    • Figure 1: RARE EARTHS IN THE PERIODIC CHART
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