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ITS in Public Transport - 3rd Edition

The term Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) refers to information and communication technology applied to transport infrastructure and vehicles. Berg Insight's definition of ITS for public transport includes systems installed in public transport vehicles as well as at terminals, stops, depots and similar. Included are also backoffice IT systems which ensure that public transport services can be planned, scheduled and managed to achieve efficient operations. An important part of ITS for public transport is further solutions providing travellers with updated information about routes, departure times, possible disturbances and connecting services. The history of these different types of solutions dates back several decades and current state-of-the-art solutions include for example real-time intermodal journey planners, automated fare collection systems using contactless cards or NFC-enabled handsets, and on-board infotainment solutions with information about nearby points of interest.

Public transport plays an essential role in the European society. Approximately 60 billion public transport passenger journeys per year are carried out in the EU27. Available modes include for example local and regional buses and trolleybuses, regional and suburban rail transport, metros and trams, and local waterborne passenger transport services. A total of 757,000 buses and coaches account for 8.6 percent of the yearly passenger kilometres on land in Europe. The economic value of public transport services in Europe is estimated to around € 150-200 billion per year, which represents approximately 1-1.5 percent of the GDP. The public transport sector furthermore creates about 1.2 million direct employments in Europe, and an average of 2-2.5 indirect employments per direct job.

Berg Insight is of the opinion that the European market for ITS for public transport is in a growth phase which will last for several years to come. Individual markets may however continue to experience temporary fluctuations, depending on the political climate and local developments. The total market value for public transport ITS for buses and trams is forecasted to grow at a compound annual growth rate of 9 percent from € 0.94 billion in 2012 to reach € 1.44 billion by 2017. The penetration of on-board computers with GPS location functionality and wireless communication in buses and trams is estimated to increase from 42.5 percent in 2012 to 59.6 percent in 2017, varying considerably between regional markets. A group of international aftermarket solution providers have emerged as the leaders on the European market for public transport ITS. The dominant providers are Trapeze Group, INIT and IVU, all having headquarters in the German-speaking region and substantial installed bases across a multitude of countries in Europe and beyond. Examples of companies with major market shares on national markets in Europe include Ineo Systrans which holds a leading position in France, and Vix which is a major provider on the UK market. Other significant players include the Spanish groups GMV, Indra and Grupo Etra, Swarco's subsidiary Swarco Mizar in Italy, the Norwegian provider FARA and the Belgium-based company Prodata Mobility Systems.

All the major bus manufacturers have initiatives related to OEM bus telematics. Scania currently offers the same telematics features for buses as for trucks and the company plans to introduce a wider range of bus-specific solutions. Daimler has introduced a modified version of its fleet management system for trucks, marketed as a bus-specific system, while Iveco collaborates with third-party suppliers when fulfilling customer requirements for ITS. MAN does not yet offer an OEM telematics system for its buses, though plans are to introduce such functionality. Volvo Group, in turn, offers solutions not only for conventional telematics and fleet management, but also traffic management functionality such as dispatching, traffic monitoring and real-time passenger information. Volvo Buses has been established as a notable player together with its telematics partner Consat Telematics.

The outlook for the European public transport ITS market is positive, as several major developments foster increased investments in such technologies. ITS adoption is likely to increase following international public transport related initiatives such as the EU project EBSF and associated efforts such as 3iBS and ITxPT. Contributing developments further include the ever-increasing environmental awareness and UITP's sought-after doubling of the public transport ridership by 2025. Another major driver is on-going global developments related to the concept of smart cities, where ITS in general and public transport ITS in particular constitute key elements to enable sustainable smart mobility.

Market value of public transport ITS (EU27+2 2012-2017)

Highlights from this report:

  • Insights from 30 new executive interviews with market leading companies.
  • New data on vehicle fleets and public transport utilisation in Europe.
  • Comprehensive description of the public transport ITS value chain and key applications.
  • In-depth analysis of market trends and key developments.
  • Updated Profiles of 54 aftermarket ITS solution providers.
  • Summary of OEM propositions from public transport vehicle brands.
  • Revised market forecasts lasting until 2017.

This report answers the following questions:

  • How is public transport organised and managed in the European countries?
  • What is the geographical structure of public transport fleets in Europe?
  • Which are the leading international and regional providers aftermarket public transport ITS solutions in Europe?
  • What offerings are available from vehicle OEMs?
  • What impact will the launch of standard factory installed on-board computers from the OEMs have on the market?
  • How has the economic crisis affected the market for public transport ITS solutions in Europe.
  • How are the regulatory developments in Europe affecting the public transport ITS industry?
  • How will the public transport ITS industry evolve in the future?

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

List of Figures

Executive summary

1. Public transport in Europe

  • 1.1. Modal split of passenger transport
  • 1.2. Bus fleets and public transport utilisation
  • 1.3. Market shares for bus and coach OEMs
  • 1.4. Rail-borne public transport modes
    • 1.4.1. Trams and light rail
    • 1.4.2. Metro
  • 1.5. Organisation and contracting in public transport
    • 1.5.1. Legal framework
    • 1.5.2. Organisational forms and regional differences
  • 1.6. Major public transport operators

2. ITS technologies and solutions

  • 2.1. Public transport ITS infrastructure
    • 2.1.1. Vehicle segment
    • 2.1.2. Roadside segment
    • 2.1.3. Backoffice segment
    • 2.1.4. Traveller segment
    • 2.1.5. GNSS segment
    • 2.1.6. Network segment
  • 2.2. Public transport management
    • 2.2.1. Planning and scheduling tools
    • 2.2.2. Computer aided dispatch systems
    • 2.2.3. Traffic signal priority
    • 2.2.4. Depot management
  • 2.3. Traveller management
    • 2.3.1. Passenger information
    • 2.3.2. Entertainment
    • 2.3.3. Fare payment
  • 2.4. Driver management
    • 2.4.1. Driving data registration and analysis
    • 2.4.2. Eco-driving schemes
    • 2.4.3. Insurance risk management
  • 2.5. Vehicle management
    • 2.5.1. Vehicle diagnostics and maintenance planning
    • 2.5.2. On-board security solutions
  • 2.6. Business models and strategies

3. Market forecasts and trends

  • 3.1. Market analysis
    • 3.1.1. Market value forecast
    • 3.1.2. Regional markets
    • 3.1.3. Major vendors
  • 3.2. Market drivers and barriers
    • 3.2.1. Macroeconomic environment
    • 3.2.2. Regulatory environment
    • 3.2.3. Competitive environment
    • 3.2.4. Technology environment
  • 3.3. Value chain analysis
    • 3.3.1. ITS and telematics industry players
    • 3.3.2. Automotive industry players
    • 3.3.3. Telecom industry players
    • 3.3.4. IT industry players
  • 3.4. Future industry trends

4. OEM products and strategies

  • 4.1. Daimler
  • 4.2. Iveco
  • 4.3. MAN
  • 4.4. Scania
  • 4.5. Volvo Group
  • 4.6. Other bus manufacturers
    • 4.6.1. Alexander Dennis
    • 4.6.2. VDL
    • 4.6.3. Van Hool

5. Aftermarket solution providers

  • 5.1. International
    • 5.1.1. Cubic Transportation Systems
    • 5.1.2. GIRO
    • 5.1.3. INIT
    • 5.1.4. IVU
    • 5.1.5. Prodata Mobility Systems
    • 5.1.6. Swarco
    • 5.1.7. Thales
    • 5.1.8. Trapeze Group
    • 5.1.9. Xerox
  • 5.2. Germany and Eastern Europe
    • 5.2.1. Atron
    • 5.2.2. BMG MIS
    • 5.2.3. i-Cell
    • 5.2.4. PSI Transcom
    • 5.2.5. R&G
    • 5.2.6. Radcom
    • 5.2.7. Siemens
    • 5.2.8. UTI
  • 5.3. France, Benelux and the UK
    • 5.3.1. Actia
    • 5.3.2. Comatis
    • 5.3.3. GreenRoad
    • 5.3.4. Ineo Systrans
    • 5.3.5. Lumiplan
    • 5.3.6. MiX Telematics
    • 5.3.7. Moviken
    • 5.3.8. Navocap
    • 5.3.9. Omnibus
    • 5.3.10. SPIE
    • 5.3.11. Vix
  • 5.4. The Mediterranean
    • 5.4.1. Digigroup
    • 5.4.2. GMV
    • 5.4.3. Goal Systems
    • 5.4.4. Grupo Etra
    • 5.4.5. Indra
    • 5.4.6. Link Technologies
    • 5.4.7. PluService
    • 5.4.8. Prointec
    • 5.4.9. Selex ES
    • 5.4.10. T&T
    • 5.4.11. Tecmic
  • 5.5. The Nordics
    • 5.5.1. Consat
    • 5.5.2. FARA
    • 5.5.3. Hogia
    • 5.5.4. Pilotfish
    • 5.5.5. Thoreb
    • 5.5.6. Trivector
    • 5.5.7. Vehco
  • 5.6. Additional solution providers
    • 5.6.1. 21st Century
    • 5.6.2. DILAX
    • 5.6.3. HaCon
    • 5.6.4. Hanover Displays
    • 5.6.5. Höft & Wessel
    • 5.6.6. Luminator Technology Group
    • 5.6.7. Nettropolis
    • 5.6.8. Scheidt & Bachmann
  • Glossary

List of Figures

  • Figure 1.1: Modal split of passenger transport on land (EU23+2 2010)
  • Figure 1.2: Bus statistics - vehicle stock, new registrations & passenger-km (EU23+2)
  • Figure 1.3: Bus & coach (>16t) market shares, by group & brand (EU27+2 2012)
  • Figure 1.4: Bus & coach (3.5-16t) market shares, by group & brand (EU27+2 2012)
  • Figure 1.5: Statistics on metro systems in Europe (EU23+2 2010)
  • Figure 1.6: Key figures on major public transport operators in Europe
  • Figure 1.7: Market presence in Europe for major transport operators (EU23+2 2013)
  • Figure 2.1: Public transport ITS infrastructure overview
  • Figure 2.2: Examples of on-board equipment installed in public transport vehicles
  • Figure 2.3: Example of public transport ITS backoffice segment
  • Figure 2.4: Examples of journey planner for iPhone and smartcard payment solution
  • Figure 3.1: Public transport ITS market value and penetration (EU27+2 2012-2017)
  • Figure 3.2: Major public transport ITS providers on the European market
  • Figure 3.3: Financial data for leading ITS and telematics industry players
  • Figure 3.4: Key data for companies and groups active in ITS for public transport
  • Figure 3.5: Mergers and acquisitions among companies active in public transport ITS
  • Figure 3.6: Mobile operators in Europe by M2M subscriber base (Q4-2012)
  • Figure 5.1: Product overview of INIT's offering
  • Figure 5.2: Overview of IVU.suite
  • Figure 5.3: Prodata Mobility Systems products
  • Figure 5.4: Trapeze's Intelligent Touch Terminal and Trapeze-Elgeba's Ticontrol 500
  • Figure 5.5: Actia's I-HMI and Podium dashboard with driverAID function
  • Figure 5.6: Ineo Systrans' TACTILEO driver interface
  • Figure 5.7: MiX Telematics' new generation RIBAS display
  • Figure 5.8: Pilotfish's Vehicle Gateway VG200 and Driver Console FK500
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