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Survey of Fluorine Industry in China

There is no doubt that fluorine industry has been one of the fastest developing and most promising chemical industries in China and China is the second largest economic entity in the world. Thus, fluorine chemicals, such as inorganic fluoride, refrigerant, fluor-polymer and fluor-intermediate four main sectors are absolutely worth investigating.

After ten-year development, with the appreciated policies implemented, China has formed a complete industrial chain, from fluorite supply to each sector in downstream. However, most China's production of fluorine chemicals concentrates in primary products so far, and there are a high proportion of these primary products for export.

Central Government adopts a series of policies to protect the fluorite resources and upgrade the industry structure. For example, exploitation quota has been set up since 2010 and it is predicted that the quota will be generally reduced in the coming five years. Moreover, fluorine chemical industry has been listed as a sub-plan in the 12th Five-Year Plan. A series of polices in restriction of fluorite and hydrogen fluoride production has been put forward and integration of fluorite resources forcefully becomes the hot point after 2010.

Domestic demand for fluorine products is estimated to keep increasing steadily in the coming five years, which is considered to be the most important driven factor to China's fluorine chemical industry. So it is crucial to find out the consumption situation in China.

In order to have a comprehensive understanding of fluorine industry, lots of investigation has been made. To inorganic fluoride, a widely investigation is made and not only traditional products, but also lithium hexafluorophosphate which is fast developed in the past two years, is further investigated. To fluor-refrigerant, HCFC-22, HFC-134a and HFC-410A are deeply surveyed and some valuable analysis has been done. To fluor-polymer, both resin and rubber are researched. To fluor-intermediate, major synthesis routes are investigated and some exclusive opinions are raised. To sum up, in detail, analysis and forecast about each sector of fluorine industry in China are presented in this report.

The report content includes:

  • Fluorite supply situation
  • Policy analysis related to fluorine industry
  • Production situation of inorganic fluoride, refrigerant, fluor-polymer
  • Technique route for synthesis of fluor-intermediates
  • Main application for inorganic fluoride, fluor-refrigerant, fluor-polymer and fluor-intermeidate
  • In-depth analysis including
    • Industrial chain analysis
    • Key players analysis
    • Investment analysis using Poter's Five Force Model

Executive summary:

In 2012, China was the largest holder of proven reserves of fluorite, with about xxxx million tonnes of proven reserves of fluorite, and the third largest technical reserves of fluorite in the world. China's fluorite reserves are concentrated in those regions-Hunan, Inner Mongolia, Zhejiang, Jiangxi and Fujian. From 2001 to 2012, the output of fluorite in China has witnessed gradual increase with CAGR of xxxx%.

In order to protect fluorite resources, the central government has formulated exploitation quota of xxxx million tonnes in 2011. The exploitation quota will be executed in a few years and resources will further concentrate in some state-owned enterprises. Along with the policies of fluorite resource protection and integration, the price of fluorite has soared up to USDxxxx/t at the peak in xxxx and will not come back to the price (about USDxxxx/t) before xxxx any more.

Fluorine chemical industry has been one of the fastest developing and most promising chemical industries in China. China has become one of the largest fluorine chemical production and consumption areas. There are four important sectors for China's fluorine chemical industry, including inorganic fluorides, fluor-refrigerant, fluor polymer and fluor-intermediates.

China is the largest producer of hydrogen fluoride in the world. There are more than xxxx hydrogen fluoride manufacturers in China, the capacity of which was about xxxxt/a in 2012. With the xxxxt/a capacity of aluminum fluoride and xxxxt/a capacity of cryolite, China is the largest producer of aluminum fluoride and cryolite. Production of lithium hexafluorophosphate has developed fast in the past two years and its capacity has reached xxxxt/a in 2012. China's capacity of potassium fluoride was xxxxt/a, sodium fluoride was xxxxt/a. However, most inorganic fluoride producers are under the double pressure from both upstream and downstream industries, and it is estimated that they will be integrated into either fluorite companies or fluor-refrigerant companies gradually.

There were about xxxx fluor-refrigerant manufacturers with a total capacity of more than xxxx million tonnes in China in 2012. At present, the main fluor-refrigerants in China are HCFC-22, HFC-134a, HFC-32, HFC-125 and HFC-410A. With the capacity of xxxxt/a and the output of xxxx tonnes in 2012, HCFC-22 is still the largest refrigerant in China. However, because of the elimination of HCFCs according to Montreal Protocol, the output of HCFC-22 is restricted and its consumption proportion is generally decreasing. It is predicted that the demand of HFC-410A, which is the major substitute for HCFC-22, would increase fast in the coming five years.

Within fluor resin, PTFE is the principal product in China and the next are FEP and PVDF. The capacity of PTFE increased from xxxxt/a in 2006 to xxxxt/a in 2012, with CAGR of xxxx%, and the output of PTFE was xxxx tonnes in 2012. Most of PTFE produced in China belongs to primary resin, while high-end products are still manipulated by foreign companies.

The capacity of fluor rubber grew from xxxxt/a in 2006 to xxxxt/a in 2012 and the CAGR is xxxx%. The output of fluor rubber grew from xxxx tonnes in 2006 to xxxx tonnes in 2012 and the CAGR was xxxx%. The main products are fluor rubber 26 and fluor rubber 246. The technique in primary fluor rubber is mature in China, while the technique both in mixing and processing is rather poor, which has restricted the consumption of fluor rubber in China.

However, under the encouragement of the government in developing new materials, fluor polymer is estimated to have fast progress in the coming five years, especially the development in high-end products.

China is one of the largest fluor-intermediate producers and exporters in the world, thanks to its powerful industry foundation, both in fluoride industry and petroleum industry. There are four series of fluor-intermediates in China. They are fluorobenzene series, benzyl fluoride series, heterocyclic series and aliphatic series. Most production of fluor-intermediates concentrates in fluorobenzene series and benzyl fluoride series, and most of them are primary products that are produced in a large scale. And there are about four main technology routes to synthesize fluor-intermediate in China. They are diazotization, halogen exchange, direct fluorination and new group substitution in fluoride. The technology routes of diazotization and halogen exchange are the main technology routes for most Chinese producers. Some domestic producers are able to provide customized service and customized service market is estimated to have great progress in the coming five years.

XX Commercial in Confidence.

Table of Contents

Executive summary

Methodologies and definitions

1. Overview of fluorine industry in China

  • 1-1. Fluorine industry chain
  • 1-2. Situation of fluorine industry in China

2. Fluorite supply in China

  • 2-1. Overview of fluorite reserves in China
  • 2-2. Production situation of fluorite
  • 2-3. Price of fluorite in China
  • 2-4. Export and import situation
  • 2-5. Restriction and integration of fluorite supply in China
  • 2-6. Future trend of fluorite

3. Inorganic fluoride in China

  • 3-1. Hydrogen fluoride
  • 3-2. Aluminum fluoride and cryolite
  • 3-3. Lithium hexafluorophosphate
  • 3-4. Others

4. Fluohydrocarbon(HCFCs & HFCs) in China

  • 4-1. Overview of fluohydrocarbon industry in China
  • 4-2. Production and market situation of major products
    • 4-2-1. Situation of HCFC-22
    • 4-2-2. Situation of HFC-134a
    • 4-2-3. Situation of HFC-410A
    • 4-2-4. Situation of other major products
  • 4-3. Development trend

5. Fluor polymer in China

  • 5-1. Fluor resins
    • 5-1-1. Overview of fluor resin
    • 5-1-2. Production and market situation of major products
    • 5-1-3. Development trend
  • 5-2. Fluor rubber
    • 5-2-1. Overview of fluor rubber
    • 5-2-2. Production and market situation of fluor rubber
    • 5-2-3. Development trend

6. Fluor intermediate

  • 6-1. Overview of fluor intermediates
  • 6-2. Main synthesis technique of organic fluoride intermediates in China
    • 6-2-1. Introduction of synthesis routes
    • 6-2-2. Comparison with different routes
    • 6-2-3. Technology development trend
  • 6-3. Applications of fluor intermediates
  • 6-4. Industry chain analysis
  • 6-5. Development trend

7. Environment and investment analysis of fluorine industry

  • 7-1. Economy environment situation
  • 7-2. Policies situation
  • 7-3. Fluorine industry chain analysis
  • 7-4. Key players analysis
  • 7-5. Investment environment analysis

8. Forecast

  • 8-1. Inorganic fluoride
  • 8-2. Fluohydrocarbon(HCFCs & HFCs)
  • 8-3. Fluor polymer
    • 8-3-1. Fluor resin
    • 8-3-2. Fluor rubber
  • 8-4. Fluor-intermediate

9. Conclusion

10. Profiles

  • 10-1. Do-Fluoride Chemicals Co., Ltd.
  • 10-2. Centralfluor Industries Group, Inc
  • 10-3. China Kings Resources Group Co., Ltd.
  • 10-4. Juhua Group Corporation
  • 10-5. Jiangsu Meilan Chemical Group Co., Ltd.
  • 10-6. Sinochem Lantian Co., Ltd.
  • 10-7. Shanghai 3F New Materials Co., Ltd.
  • 10-8. Dongyue Group Ltd.
  • 10-9. Arkema (Changshu) Fluorochemical Co., Ltd.
  • 10-10. Dalian Zhenbang Fluorocarbon Paint Stock Co., Ltd.
  • 10-11. Shandong Huaxia Shenzhou New Material Co., Ltd.
  • 10-12. Sichuan Chenguang Research Institute of Chemical Industry
  • 10-13. Zhejiang Yongtai Technology Co., Ltd.
  • 10-14. Zhejiang Weihua Chemical Co., Ltd.
  • 10-15. Zhejiang Fusheng Holding Group Co., Ltd.
  • 10-16. Zhejiang Sanmen Xie's Chemical Industrial Co., Ltd.

List of Tables:

  • Table 2.2-1: Main producers of fluorite in China, 2012
  • Table 2.4-1: Import and export situation of fluorite (content>97%) in China, 2005-2012
  • Table 2.4-2: Import and export situation of fluorite (content≤97%) in China, 2005-2012
  • Table 2.5-1: Fluorite export quota in China, 2003-2012
  • Table 2.5-2: Export rebate and tariff of fluorite in China, Jan. 2003-Jul. 2013
  • Table 2.5-3: Fluorite ore exploitation quota distribution in China, 2010 and 2011
  • Table 2.5-4: Some policies in protecting fluorite resources in China
  • Table 3.1-1: Main producers of AHF in China, 2012
  • Table 3.1-2: Import and export situation of hydrogen fluoride in China, 2006-2012
  • Table 3.2-1: Main producers of aluminum fluoride in China, 2012
  • Table 3.2-2: Main producers of cryolite in China, 2012
  • Table 3.3-1: Main producers of lithium hexafluorophosphate in China, 2012
  • Table 3.4-1: Main producers of potassium fluoride in China, 2012
  • Table 4-1: Current policies of refrigerant products, 2012
  • Table 4.1-1: Output of downstream products of refrigerant industry in China 2005-2012, Unit
  • Table 4.2.1-1: Major producers of HCFC-22 in China, 2012
  • Table 4.2.2-1: Major producers of HFC-134a in China, 2012
  • Table 4.2.4-1: Mixing ratio of HFC-32 and HFC-125 in major mixed refrigerants
  • Table 5.1.2-1: Main producers of PTFE in China, 2012
  • Table 5.1.2-2: Import and export situation of PTFE resin in China, 2006-2012
  • Table 5.1.2-3: Main producers of PVDF in China, 2012
  • Table 5.1.2-4: Main producers of FEP in China, 2012
  • Table 5.2.2-1: Main producers of fluor rubber in China, 2012
  • Table 5.2.2-2: Expansion project of fluor rubber in China, 2013-2014
  • Table 6.2.1-1: Main products with diazotization technique route in China, 2012
  • Table 6.2.1-2: Main products with Halogen exchange technique route in China, 2012
  • Table 6.2.1-3: Main products with direct fluorination technique route in China, 2012
  • Table 6.2.1-4: Main products with new group substitution in fluoride technique route in China, 2012
  • Table 6.2.2-1: Comparison of three different synthesis techniques for fluor-intermediate in China, 2012
  • Table 6.3-1: Main producers of ofloxacin flumequine series medicine in China, 2012
  • Table 6.3-2: Main producers of fluor-pesticide in China, 2012
  • Table 7.4-1: Key players of fluorine industry revenue analysis, 2012, USD
  • Table 7.4-2: Production information of the five key players in China, 2012
  • Table 7.5-1: Poter's Five Force Model analysis of hydrogen fluoride industry in China, 2012
  • Table 7.5-2: Poter's Five Force Model analysis of fluor-refrigerant industry in China, 2012
  • Table 7.5-3: Poter's Five Force Model analysis of fluor-polymer industry in China, 2012
  • Table 8.1-1: Forecast on demand volume for inorganic-fluoride products in China, 2013-2016
  • Table 8.2-1: Forecast on demand volume for the main fluorinated refrigerants in China, 2013~2017
  • Table 8.4-1: Forecast on demand volume for fluor-intermediate in China, 2013-2017
  • Table 10.1-1: Company info of Do-Fluoride, 2012
  • Table 10.1-2: Capacity of major products of Do-Fluoride, 2012
  • Table 10.2-1: Company info of CFIC, 2012
  • Table 10.2-2: Capacity and output of major products of CFIC, 2012
  • Table 10.3-1: Company info of China Kings Resources, 2012
  • Table 10.3-2: Capacity and output of major products of China Kings Resources, 2012
  • Table 10.4-1: Company info of Juhua Group, 2012
  • Table 10.4-2: Capacity and output of major products of Juhua Group, 2012
  • Table 10.5-1: Company info of Meilan Chemical, 2012
  • Table 10.5-2: Capacity and output of major products of Jiangsu Meilan, 2012
  • Table 10.6-1: Company info of Sinochem Lantian, 2012
  • Table 10.6-2: Capacity and output of major products of Sinochem Lantian, 2012
  • Table 10.7-1: Company info of Shanghai 3F, 2012
  • Table 10.7-2: Capacity and output of major products of Shanghai 3F, 2012
  • Table 10.8-1: Company info of Dongyue Group, 2012
  • Table 10.8-2: Capacity and output of major products of Dongyue Group, 2012
  • Table 10.9-1: Company info of Arkema Changshu, 2012
  • Table 10.9-2: Capacity and output of major products of Arkema Changshu, 2012
  • Table 10.10-1: Company info of Dalian Zhenbang, 2012
  • Table 10.10-2: Capacity and output of major products of Dalian Zhenbang, 2012
  • Table 10.11-1: Company info of Shandong Shenzhou, 2012
  • Table 10.11-2: Capacity and output of major products of Shandong Shenzhou, 2012
  • Table 10.12-1: Company info of Sichuan Chenguang, 2012
  • Table 10.12-2: Capacity and output of major products of Sichuan Chenguang, 2012
  • Table 10.13-1: Company info of Zhejiang Yongtai, 2012
  • Table 10.14-1: Company info of Zhejiang Weihua, 2012
  • Table 10.14-2: Subsidiary companies of Zhejiang Weihua, 2012
  • Table 10.15-1: Company info of Zhejiang Fusheng, 2012
  • Table 10.16-1: Company info of Zhejiang Xie's, 2012

List of Figures:

  • Figure 1.1-1: Fluorine chemical industry chain in China, 2012
  • Figure 2.1-1: Fluorite proven reserve distribution in China, 2012
  • Figure 2.2-1: Output of fluorite in China, 2001-2012, tonnes
  • Figure 2.3-1: Market price of fluorite in China, Jan. 2010-May 2013, USD/t
  • Figure 2.4-1: Export volume of fluorite (content>97%) in China, 2005-2012
  • Figure 2.4-2: Major export destinations of China's fluorite (content>97%) by volume, 2012
  • Figure 2.4-3: Import and export situation of fluorite (content≤97%) in China, 2005-2012
  • Figure 2.4-4: Major export destinations of China's fluorite (content≤97%) by volume, 2012
  • Figure 3.1-1: Capacity and output of AHF in China, 2006-2012
  • Figure 3.1-2: Major export destinations of China's HF by volume, 2012
  • Figure 3.2-1: Output of aluminum fluoride in China, 2007-2012
  • Figure 3.2-2: Output of cryolite in China, 2007-2012
  • Figure 4.1-1: Main refrigerant substitutes in China
  • Figure 4.2.1-1: Capacity and output of HCFC-22 in China, 2006-2012
  • Figure 4.2.1-2: Consumption pattern of R22 in China, 2012
  • Figure 4.2.1-3: Ex-works price of HCFC-22 in China, Jan. 2012-Jul. 2013
  • Figure 4.2.2-1: Consumption pattern of HFC-134a in China, 2012
  • Figure 4.2.2-2: Ex-works price of HFC-134a in China, Jan. 2012-Jul. 2013
  • Figure 5.1.1-1: Main products of fluor resin by output in China, 2012
  • Figure 5.1.2-1: Production status of PTFE in China, 2006-2012
  • Figure 5.1.2-2: Geographical distribution of PTFE production in China, by capacity, 2012
  • Figure 5.1.2-3: Import and export volume of PTFE in China, 2006-2012
  • Figure 5.1.2-4: Average import price and average export price of PTFE resin in China, 2011-2012
  • Figure 5.1.2-5: Apparent consumption of PTFE resin in China, 2006-2012
  • Figure 5.1.2-6: Production status of PVDF in China, 2006-2012
  • Figure 5.1.2-7: Production status of FEP in China, 2006-2012
  • Figure 5.1.2-8: Output of FEVE resin in China, 2006-2012
  • Figure 5.2.2-1: Production status of fluor rubber in China, 2006-2012
  • Figure 5.2.2-2: Share of fluor rubber output by product in China, 2012
  • Figure 5.2.2-3: Consumption structure of fluor rubber by volume in China, 2012
  • Figure 5.2.2-4: Output of automobile in China, 2006-2012, unit
  • Figure 7.1-1: Chinese GDP, 2006-2012
  • Figure 7.3-1: Gross profit analysis in fluorine industry in China, 2012
  • Figure 8-1: Chinese fluorine chemical industry situation and forecast, 2012-2016
  • Figure 8.1-1: Forecast on capacity and output of hydrogen fluoride in China, 2013-2017
  • Figure 8.1-2: Forecast on capacity and output of aluminum fluoride in China, 2013-2017
  • Figure 8.1-3: Forecast on capacity and output of cryolite in China, 2013-2017
  • Figure 8.1-4: Forecast on capacity and output of lithium hexafluorophosphate in China, 2013-2017
  • Figure 8.2-1: Forecast on capacity and output of HCFC-22 in China, 2013-2017
  • Figure 8.2-2: Forecast on capacity and output of HFC-134a in China, 2013-2017
  • Figure 8.2-3: Forecast on capacity and output of HFC-410A in China, 2013-2017
  • Figure 8.3.1-1: Forecast on capacity and output of PTFE in China, 2013-2017
  • Figure 8.3.1-2: Forecast on capacity and output of PVDF in China, 2013-2017
  • Figure 8.3.1-3: Forecast on capacity and output of FEP in China, 2013-2017
  • Figure 8.3.2-1: Forecast on capacity and output of fluor rubber in China, 2013-2017
  • Figure 8.3.2-2: Forecast on output of fluor rubber by product in China, 2013-2017
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