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Smart Textiles and Nanotechnologies: Applications, Technologies and Markets

Abstract

Executive Summary

The global textiles industry has been struggling to cope with reduced demand and downward price pressure driven by the current global economic situation. With no easy fix in sight, the industry is increasingly turning to innovation in order to maintain margins and open up new markets.

While early commentators predicted major breakthroughs from nanotechnologies in fields such a medicine and electronics, the textiles industry has been, and continues to be one of the fastest initial adopters of nanotechnology products and processes.

The innovations seen in the textile industry includes both innovations i.e. the development of recent products to deal with present consumer demand, or process innovation which leads to lesser unit costs, larger capacity and better quality. In the near future, the key opening for nanotechnology in the textiles industry is in product innovation, not process innovation.

In the textile industry, nanotechnologies are more likely to be employed to produce new materials, or improve the properties of existing materials, than to trim down the production cost or improve quality. Although still in its infancy, nanotechnology is already demonstrating to be a helpful tool in improving the performance of textiles, added value and additional revenue.

Smaller players will find it hard to adopt new technologies due to tight margins and cost of switching. Larger textile conglomerates with multiple product sectors are better placed to be winners. The highest growth opportunities (or rate of adoption) will be in technical textiles and non-cost sensitive products such as sport or military textiles. Barriers remain high for the highly cost sensitive clothing market, which makes up 60% of the market. Nanotechnology will provide incremental improvements to existing textile sectors, but offer high growth in nonconventional sectors.

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Table of Contents

ABOUT CIENTIFICA

  • Table of Contents

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

  • Source: Cientifica

INTRODUCTION

  • Objectives of the Report
  • World Textiles and Clothing
    • Overview of Nanotechnology Applications in the EU Textile Industry
    • Overview of Nanotechnology Applications in the US Textile Industry
    • Overview of Nanotechnology Applications in the Chinese Textile Industry
    • Overview of Nanotechnology Applications in the Indian Textile Industry
    • Overview of Nanotechnology Applications in the Japanese Textile Industry
    • Overview of Nanotechnology Applications in the Korean Textile Industry
    • Textiles in the Rest of the World
  • Macro and Micro Value Chain of Textiles Industry
    • Common Textiles Industry Classifications
    • End Markets and Value Chain Actors
  • Why Textiles Go Nano
  • Nanotechnology in Textiles
  • Examples of Nanotechnology in Textiles
  • Nanotechnology in Some Textile-related Categories
    • Technical & Smart Textiles
    • Multifunctional Textiles
    • High Performance Textiles
    • Smart/Intelligent Textiles
  • Nanotechnology Hype

CURRENT APPLICATIONS OF NANOTECHNOLOGY IN TEXTILE PRODUCTION

  • Nanotechnology in Fibers and Yarns
    • Nano-Structured Composite Fibers
  • Nanotechnology in Textile Finishing, Dyeing and Coating
  • Nanotechnology In Textile Printing
  • Green Technology-Nanotechnology In Textile Production Energy Saving
  • Electronic Textiles
    • Concept
    • Markets and Impacts
    • Current E-Textile Solutions and Problems
    • Nanotechnology in Electronic Textiles
    • Energy Harvesting Textiles
    • Future and Challenges of Electronic Textiles

SMART TEXTILES, NANOTECHNOLOGY AND APPAREL

  • Nano-Antibacterial Clothing Textiles
    • Nanosilver Safety Concerns
    • UV/Sun/Radiation Protective
    • Hassle-free Clothing: Stain/Oil/Water Repellence, Anti-Static, Anti-Wrinkle
    • Anti-Fade
    • Comfort Issues: Perspiration Control, Moisture Management
    • Creative Appearance and Scent for High Street Fashions
    • Nanobarcodes for Clothing Combats Counterfeiting
    • High Strength, Abrasion-Resistant Fabric Using Carbon Nanotube
    • Nanotechnology For Home Laundry
  • Current Adopters of Nanotechnology in Clothing/Apparel Textiles
    • Products and Markets
    • Market Forecast

NANOTECHNOLOGY APPLICATIONS IN HOME TEXTILES

  • Summary of Nanotechnology Applications in Home Textiles
  • Current Applications of Nanotechnology in Home Textiles
  • Current Adopters of Nanotechnology in Home Textiles
    • Products and Markets
    • Costs and Benefits
  • Future Projections for Nanotechnology in Home Textiles
    • Market Forecast

NANOTECHNOLOGY APPLICATIONS IN MILITARY/DEFENCE TEXTILES

  • Summary of Nanotechnology Applications in Military/Defence Textiles

MILITARY TEXTILES

  • Current Applications of Nanotechnology in Military/Defence Textiles
  • Current Adopters of Nanotechnology in Military/Defence Textiles
    • Light Weight, Multifunctional Nanostructured Fibers and Materials
  • Costs and Benefits
  • Future Projections for Nanotechnology in Military/Defence Textiles
    • Market Forecast

NANOTECHNOLOGY APPLICATIONS IN MEDICAL TEXTILES

  • Summary of Nanotechnology Applications in Medical Textiles
  • Current Applications of Nanotechnology in Medical Textiles
  • Current Adopters of Nanotechnology in Medical Textiles
  • Products and Markets
  • Costs and Benefits
  • Future Projections for Nanotechnology in Medical Textiles
  • Market Forecast

NANOTECHNOLOGY APPLICATIONS IN SPORTS/OUTDOOR TEXTILES

  • Summary of Nanotechnology Applications in Sports/Outdoor Textiles
  • Current Applications of Nanotechnology in Sports/Outdoor Textiles
  • Current Adopters of Nanotechnology in Sports/Outdoor Textiles
    • Products and Markets
    • Costs and Benefits
  • Future Projections for Nanotechnology in Sports/Outdoor Textiles
  • Market Forecast

NANOTECHNOLOGY APPLICATIONS IN TECHNICAL AND SMART TEXTILES

  • Summary of Nanotechnology Applications in Technical and smart textiles
  • Current Applications of Nanotechnology in Technical Textiles
  • Current Adopters of Nanotechnology in Technical and smart textiles
    • Products and Markets
    • Costs and Benefits
  • Future Projections for Nanotechnology in Technical and smart textiles
  • Market Forecast

APPENDIX I: COMPANIES/RESEARCH INSTITUTES APPLYING NANOTECHNOLOGIES TO THE TEXTILE INDUSTRY

  • Companies Working on Nanofiber Applications
  • Companies Working on Nanofabric Applications
  • Companies Working on Nano Finishing, Coating, Dyeing and Printing Applications
  • Companies Working on Green Nanotechnology In Textile Production Energy Saving Applications
  • Companies Working on E-textile Applications
  • Companies Working on Nano Applications in Clothing/Apparel Textiles
    • Nano-Antibacterial Clothing Textiles
    • UV/Sun/Radiation Protective
    • Comfort Issues: Perspiration Control, Moisture Management
    • Creative Appearance and Scent for High Street Fashions
    • Nanobarcodes for Clothing Combats Counterfeiting
    • High Strength, Abrasion-Resistant Fabric Using Carbon Nanotubes
  • Companies Working on Nano Applications in Home Textiles
  • Companies Working on Nano Applications in Sports/Outdoor Textile
  • Companies Working on Nano Applications in Military/Defence Textiles
  • Companies Working on Nano Applications in Technical Textiles

APPENDIX II: SELECTED COMPANY PROFILES

APPENDIX III: COMPANIES MENTIONED IN THIS REPORT

List of Figures

  • Figure 1 Current World Textile Market by Sector (2012-22)
  • Figure 2 The Global Textile Market By Sector (US$ Millions)
  • Figure 3 Market for Textile Products Using Nanotechnologies (2012-22)
  • Figure 4 Markets for Nano-enabled Textiles
  • Figure 5 % of Markets Impacted by Nanotechnologies
  • Figure 6 Nano-contribution to World Textiles by Sector (2012-22)
  • Figure 7 Total Value of Nanomaterials in Textiles (2012-2022)
  • Figure 8 Value of Nanomaterials in Textiles by Sector (2012-2022)
  • Figure 9 Nanotechnology Enabled Average Market Growth in Textiles by Sector (2012-2022)
  • Figure 10 Changes in Global Textile Markets 2012-2022
  • Figure 11 Relevant Product Development Stages for the Different Company Types
  • Figure 12 Global Textile Market by Sector (2012-22)
  • Figure 13 Top 10 Countries By Nanotechnology & Textile Publishing Activity 2009-12
  • Figure 14 Main Players in World Exports of Textiles (left) and Clothing (right)
  • Figure 16 Uses of artificial leather Chamude®: (a) suede, (b) bags, and (c) jackets
  • Figure 17 Nanotechnology at AIST: (a) tailor-made molecular tubes, (b) drug delivery systems, and (c) single electron transistors
  • Figure 18 Macro-Value Chain of Textiles Industry
  • Figure 20 The Technical Textiles Wheel
  • Figure 21 Textile Technology and Function Convergence
  • Figure 22 One day we may be able to make stronger nylon by starting at the nanoscale
  • Figure 23 The World's Shortest Piece of Nylon
  • Figure 24 NanoSino's 4 E Principles for Coating Trends
  • Figure 25: SEM images of cotton fibers, control (a), treated with bulk ZnO (b) and treated with nano-ZnO (c)
  • Figure 26 Antibacterial activity of cotton fabrics: untreated (a), bulk ZnO treated (b) and nano- ZnO treated (c). The dotted growth on the left-hand side corresponds to S. aureus and mucous growth corresponds to K. pneumoniae. Arrows represent the zone of inhibition of aureus by nano-ZnO coated cotton fabrics
  • Figure 27 The 'lotus effect' effectively repels dirt and moisture
  • Figure 28 BASF's lotus-effect aerosol spray combines nanoparticles with hydrophobic polymers such as polypropylene, polyethylene and waxes
  • Figure 29 Fabric Without and With the Sun-block Layer, Courtesy of Hong Kong Polytechnic University
  • Figure 30 SEM photograph of Functional Material Coating on Polyester Fiber Surface Courtesy of Toray Industries, Inc.
  • Figure 31 J-Teck nanodot inks set up on a Mimaki JV33/ JV5 Crab Feeder
  • Figure 32 The development of e-textiles
  • Figure 34 IMEC's wireless, flexible and stretchable ECG patch for comfortable cardiac monitoring
  • Figure 35 Conducting meanders in the non-stretched state allow up to 40% stretch
  • Figure 36 Stretchable thermometer demonstrating possibility of embedded components
  • Figure 37 Chain Mail Fabric for Smart Textiles
  • Figure 38 Electroplated Fabric
  • Figure 39 Potential applications of carbon nanotube coated yarns
  • Figure 40 A Fuji Electric employee displays the company's flexible solar power cell 'Fwave', a light, thin and flexible modules that can be mounted on curved surfaces
  • Figure 41 Conducting cotton creates a simple circuit at Cornell University
  • Figure 42 Energy harvesting textiles at the University of Southampton
  • Figure 43 LGChem cable-shaped lithium-ion battery powers an LED display even when twisted and strained
  • Figure 44 This organic electrochemical transistor was made with cotton fibers. The gate, drain and source in the device are made from cotton threads with conductive or semiconductive behavior induced by using nanoparticle-based coatings
  • Figure 45 Woven fabrics containing carbon nanotubes for strength and conductivity
  • Figure 46 Organic field effect transistor (OFET) fully compatible with textile processing techniques
  • Figure 47 A Huichol girl from Mexico examines an early prototype of the solar-powered portable light. (Image: Kennedy & Violich Architecture)
  • Figure 48 These Aboriginal women are trying foldable versions of the prototype light source, which includes an aluminised textile to help spread the light
  • Figure 49 Aboriginal man is wearing a Mexican-made bag that has the photovoltaic panels sewn into it. He is holding the light device in his hand (Image: Sheila Kennedy)
  • Figure 50 Sphelar Textile
  • Figure 51 Sphelar Textile Solar Cells
  • Figure 52 Soft House can 16,000 watt-hours of electricity, or over half the daily energy needs of a typical U.S. home
  • Figure 53 Sportswear with integrated sensors from Textronix
  • Figure 55 'Intimacy White' and 'Intimacy Black' introduced by the Dutch firm Studio Roosegaarde
  • Figure 56 Functional fashion Levi's using Schoeller's nanosphere technology
  • Figure 57 The Market for Anti-Bacterial Textiles
  • Figure 58 How antibacterial 'SmartSilver works
  • Figure 59 Typical delivery formats of nano silver (from NanoHorizons Inc.)
  • Figure 60 A fiber coated with silver nanoparticles
  • Figure 61 BASF Ultramid BS416N® with TiO2 nanoparticles for UV protection
  • Figure 62 Oil resistance of Inanova®
  • Figure 63 Klimeo - Microcapsules containing a natural temperature-regulating ingredient applied in and on the fabric
  • Figure 64 Karma Chameleon Chenille Strip Prototype - photonic bandgap (PBG) fibers woven on a computer-controlled electronic Jacquard loom
  • Figure 65 Karma Chameleon Leaf pattern using a white cotton warp, a white cotton weft and PBG fiber weft to create individual illuminated designs
  • Figure 66 Products with Nano-Metal Coating Effect, Courtesy of Suzutora
  • Figure 67 Teijin's Morphotex allows colors without the use of dyes
  • Figure 68 Donna Sgro's Morphotex dress
  • Figure 69 Design student Olivia Ong '07 hugs two garments, treated with metallic nanoparticles through a collaboration with fiber scientists Juan Hinestroza and Hong Dong, that she designed as part of her fashion line, "Glitterati
  • Figure 70 Clothing designed by Olivia Ong. The dress and jacket contain nanoparticles with antibacterial and air-purifying qualities
  • Figure 71 A scanning electron microscope image showing a cotton fiber with palladium nanoparticle coating
  • Figure 72 Smart Fabrics Offer Designers New Possibilities in Fashion
  • Figure 73 Nanotechnology Enabled Clothing/Apparel Textiles Market 2012-2022
  • Figure 74 Value of Nanotech Inputs in Clothing Textiles 2012-22
  • Figure 75 The Roadmap for Future Applications of Nanotechnology in Clothing/Apparel Textiles Source: Cientifica
  • Figure 77 Value and properties added by metal films
  • Figure 80 The Global Textile Market in 2012 (% Market Share)
  • Figure 81 The Global Textile Market in 2012 (US$ Millions)
  • Figure 82 Nanotechnology Enabled Home Textiles Market (US$ Millions)
  • Figure 83 Value of Nanomaterials in Home Textiles 2012-2022 (US$ Million)
  • Figure 84 The Roadmap for Future Applications of Nanotechnology in Home Textiles
  • Figure 85 The World's Shortest Piece of Nylon
  • Figure 87 Alexium's Cleanshell treatment has the ability to protect against Chemical Warfare Agents for days, as opposed to minutes offered by other methods
  • Figure 88 Self-Assembling Nanotubes in Water
  • Figure 89 Self-Assembling Nanocarpet
  • Figure 90 A forest of carbon nanotubes
  • Figure 91 twisted nanofibers
  • Figure 92 Two-ply nanofiber yarn from CSIRO Textile & Fiber Technology
  • Figure 93 Sandia researcher George Bachand examines an enlargement of actual images of light-emitting quantum dots
  • Figure 94 The Future Force Warrior system
  • Figure 95 Nanotechnology Enabled Military/Defense Textiles 2012-2022 (US$ Millions)
  • Figure 96 Value of Nanomaterials in Military/Defense Textiles 2012-2022 (US$ Millions)
  • Figure 97 The Roadmap for Future Applications of Nanotechnology in Military/Defence Textiles
  • Figure 98 Integrating bio-chemical sensors into textiles for continuous monitoring of a person's health is the goal of the EU-funded BIOTEX
  • Figure 99 Acticoat 7 burn dressing containing nanosilver particles from Smith & Nephew
  • Figure 100 Schoeller Medical's iLoad fabric used in incontinence underwear
  • Figure 101 Smart Footwear installed with fabric sensors. (Credit: Image courtesy of The Hong Kong Polytechnic University)
  • Figure 102 SOFTCEPTOR™ textile strain sensors
  • Figure 103 Nanoflex moniroring system
  • Figure 104 Clothing+ Cardiac Monitor for Adidas
  • Figure 105 Nanotechnology Enabled Medical Textiles 2012-2022 (US$ Millions)
  • Figure 106 Value of Nanomaterials in Medical Textiles 2021-2022 (US$ Millions
  • Figure 107 Teijin's Nanofront fiber used in cycling and golf gloves
  • Figure 108 New Balance running sock using Teijin's Nanofront modified with nano-sized bumps to raise frictional force and increase surface area
  • Figure 110 Checklight from Reebock and MC10
  • Figure 111 Nanotechnology Enabled Sports/Outdoor Textiles 2012-2022 (US$ Millions)
  • Figure 112 Value of Nanomaterials in Sports/Outdoor Textiles 2012-2022 (US$ Millions)
  • Figure 113 The Roadmap for Future Applications of Nanotechnology in Sports/Outdoor Textiles
  • Figure 114 Scanning electron microscopic images of the chars of ABS nanocomposites
  • Figure 115 Fire completely destroys untreated cotton fabric until nothing remains (control), but only burns a
  • Figure 116 The World's Shortest Piece of Nylon
  • Figure 117 Potential applications of carbon nanotube coated yarns
  • Figure 118 A Fuji Electric employee displays the company's flexible solar power cell 'Fwave', a light, thin and flexible modules that can be mounted on curved surfaces
  • Figure 119 Conducting cotton creates a simple circuit at Cornell University
  • Figure 120 Energy harvesting textiles at the University of Southampton
  • Figure 121 LGChem cable-shaped lithium-ion battery powers an LED display even when twisted and strained
  • Figure 122 Nanotechnology Enabled Technical and smart textiles 2012-2022 (US$ Million)
  • Figure 123 Value of Nanomaterials in Technical and smart textiles 2012-2022 (US$ Millions

List of Tables

  • Table 1 Nanotechnology-Enabled Market Growth in Textile by Sector (2012-22)
  • Table 2 Global Textile Market by Sector (2012-22)
  • Table 3 Top 20 Countries Publishing on Nanotechnology and Textiles in Scientific Journals (2009-12)
  • Table 4 Key Areas of Japanese Textile Research
  • Table 5 Exports, Imports, Production and Domestic Demand in Korea
  • Table 6 Comparisons between Japan, Korea and UK
  • Table 7 Additional Cost Caused by Adding Nanomaterials (Nanofinish) for Home Textiles
  • Table 8 World's top 15 military spenders (from SIPRI 2011)
  • Table 9 Non-implantable Materials for Medical Textiles
  • Table 10 implantable Materials for Medical Textiles
  • Table 11 Extracorporeal Devices for Medical Textiles
  • Table 12 Healthcare/Hygiene Products for Medical Textiles
  • Table 13 Medical Products & Equipment rank 4th in terms of industry profitability (CNN Money)
  • Table 14 Estimated Consumption of Technical Textile in Various Applications Source: Bharat Textile
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