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LED Lamp General Lighting in the U.S.AMarket Forecast and Analysis

ElectroniCast Consultants provides the research findings of their study of the United States consumption of Light Emitting Diode (LED) lamps (also known as “consumer-level bulbs”), which are used in luminaires in stationary/fixed location (non-vehicle/non-portable) solid-state lighting (SSL) General Lighting applications. The lamps are used in new fittings, as well as retrofitting/replacement of existing (installed-based) lamps.

General Lighting provides the main illumination of an area. In this study, we provide a market analysis for the year 2013 plus our forecast (2014-2018) of LED lamps used for general lighting, including interior and exterior functional lighting for residential, commercial and government areas.

For the purposes of this study, ElectroniCast Consultants includes Directional Lighting, Supplementary Lighting and Architectural Lighting in the General Lighting category. Lighting used in theaters, photography, newsgathering (TV broadcasts, film, similar) and even lighting used in nightclubs on the dance floor are considered general Lighting; however, lamps used in signage, displays and signal lighting are not included in the market forecast data for this study.

LED Level Quantified in the ElectroniCast Study

Below, are five levels (or “food chain”) pertaining to the LED marketplace. For the purposes of this ElectroniCast study, we quantify and provide a market forecast for “Level 4”.

  • Level 1 - The chip or die
  • Level 2 - The LED component (packaged LED)
  • Level 3 - LED array; may include optics, heat sink and/or power supply
  • Level 3 - LED array; may include optics, heat sink and/or power supply
  • Level 4 - Lamp (consumer-level bulb)
  • Level 5 - Light Fixture (complete with Lamps)

Market Forecast Product Categories

This market forecast of United States consumption is presented for eight (8) major lamp-type categories. The lamp categories, in turn, may have multiple sub-categories, which are determined by physical size of the lamp. Note: lower-level products, which are indented in the list shown in Table 1, are summed-up to the higher-level product category stated above it.

Table 1:
Market Forecast Data Base Hierachy Structure
General Lighting LED Lamp Product Category List

  • Total Consumption: LED Lamps
  • Parabolic aluminized reflector (PAR)
    • PAR16
    • PAR20
    • PAR30
    • PAR38
    • PAR56
    • PAR64
    • PAR-Types: Other (Miscellaneous) Sizes
  • General Service with Edison Screw: A-Type
    • A19 / Other A-Type (sizes)
      • A19
        • A19 (60W equivalent)
        • A19 (75W equivalent)
        • A19 (100W equivalent)
      • Other - Other A19 Watt and Other A-Type sizes
  • Decorative Types/Edison Screw: Candle, Fancy Round, Other
  • Multifaceted reflector (MR) Compatible
    • MR16
    • MR11 / Other MR
  • Linear Tube and Tape (Protected Strip)
    • Linear Tube < 1200mm
    • Linear Tube ≥ 1200mm (1200mm and longer)
    • Tape with Protective layer over the LEDs: Quantified by Meter
  • Street / Parking-lot / Campus / Similar (Parks, Walkways)
  • High Bay/Flood (≥ 2500Lm)
  • Miscellaneous LED-Based Lamp and Lamp Sections of Fixtures

General Service

The General Service lamp category, also referred to as general-purpose bulbs, includes LED-based “A-Type” lamps (consumer bulbs). There are two sub-categories in the A-type product category: A-19 (60W, 75W and 100W), plus the “Other A-type/Watt” sub-category, which includes: A19 (40W, other) and A-15, A-21, A-23 and other.

Miscellaneous Lamps/Lamp Sections

The product category includes all other LED-base lamps, which are not covered in the other categories. Lamps such as general-purpose bulbs that do not have an A-Type shape (such as “corn” style, other), Globe-style (G category bulbs), specialty lamps (application specific or purpose) and/or LED panels, other. Some LED lights (lamps function) are embedded in a fixture or panel, in which case ElectroniCast estimates the price value of the lamp function (section) of the fixture.

This report provides market data review by the following functions:

  • Consumption Value (US$)
  • Quantity (number/units)
  • Average Selling Prices ($, each)

Market Opportunity Analysis - Market Dynamics The study process by ElectroniCast Consultants takes into account the following points:

  • Standards (including general regulations & standards, environmental issues, etc.)
  • Policies and schemes for promoting the penetration of LED lighting
  • Industry trends in LED lighting fixtures
  • Distribution Channel (DIY stores, other stores, Web-based, other)
  • LED Lighting industry competitive environment

The use of LED-based lamps in SSL General lighting is driven by promised savings in maintenance/ labor, as well as “Green-Tech” (ecology-oriented) issues. The lamps are lamps are used in new construction, as well as retrofitting/replacement of existing (installed-based) lamps. The Total Cost of Ownership (TCO) is a key marketing dynamic relative to LED Lamps, which typically have a premium price point versus other lighting solutions. Some of the key elements incorporated in the cost of ownership for LED-based lamps vehicle include:

  • Depreciation Costs (LEDs last longer)
  • Energy Costs (LEDs use less energy)
  • Repairs (Especially true as a comparison vs. Ballasts in fluorescent tubes)
  • Funding programs and other government-based financial incentives
  • Maintenance Costs (Lower labor costs/less lamp replacements)

Opportunity Costs are also in the TCO mix; since ElectroniCast takes into account that using LED (energy-efficient lighting and other carbon footprint/pollution issues) depicts the organization, which installs them, as a good corporate citizen.

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

  • 1.1. Overview
  • 1.2. LED Lamps & Light Fixtures Used in General Lighting
  • 1.3. Unpackaged and Packaged LEDs - Overview

2. LEDs - Technology Overview

3. LED Lamp General lighting Consumption Forecast

  • 3.1. Overview
  • 3.2. Parabolic Aluminized Reflector (PAR) LED Lamps
  • 3.3. General Service (A-Type): LED lamps
  • 3.4. Decorative LED Lamps (Fancy Round, Candle, other-Types)
  • 3.5. Multifaceted reflector (MR). Compatible LED Lamps
  • 3.6. Linear Tube LED Lamps and LED Tape
  • 3.7. LED Lamps: Street-lighting/Parking-Lots/Campus/Parks/Similar
  • 3.8. Specialty High Bay and Flood (> = 2500Lm) LED Lamps
  • 3.9. LED-Based Miscellaneous Lamps/Lamp Sections

4. Company Profiles of LED and Related Companies

5. ElectroniCast Market Research Methodology

6. Definitions and Standards

  • 6.1. Acronyms, Abbreviations, and General Terms
  • 6.2. Lighting Standards and Protocols

7. ElectroniCast Market Forecast Data Base - Introduction/Explanation of Excel Worksheets

  • 7.1. Overview
  • 7.2. Tutorial of the Excel Worksheets

List of Tables

  • 1.1.1. ElectroniCast Market Forecast Hierarchy Structure: LED Lamp Product Category List
  • 1.1.2. LED Lamps in General Lighting U.S.A. Forecast, By Product Category ($ Million)
  • 1.1.3. LED Lamps in General Lighting U.S.A. Forecast, By Product Category (Quantity/Units)
  • 1.1.4. LED Lamps in General Lighting U.S.A. Forecast, By Product Category (ASP, $ Each)
  • 1.1.5. LED Lamps in General Lighting U.S.A. Market Forecast, By End-User Category ($ Million)
  • 1.1.6. Selling to a Government Entity
  • 1.1.7. Current Members of NGLIA
  • 1.1.8. Members - CERC Building Energy Efficiency Consortium
  • 1.1.9. Selected LED Streetlights Installations in the United States
  • 1.3.1. Typical Luminous Efficacies for Traditional and LED Sources
  • 2.1. LED Color Variety - Selected Examples
  • 2.2. LED Color Chart
  • 3.1.1. ElectroniCast Market Forecast Hierarchy Structure: LED Lamp Product Category List
  • 3.1.2. LED Lamps in General Lighting U.S.A. Forecast, By Product Category ($ Million)
  • 3.1.3. LED Lamps in General Lighting U.S.A. Forecast, By Product Category (Quantity/Units)
  • 3.1.4. LED Lamps in General Lighting U.S.A. Forecast, By Product Category (ASP, $ Each)
  • 3.1.5. Calculation of the Cost of Manufacturing Facility Downtime
  • 3.1.6. Comparison of Lighting Technologies
  • 3.1.7. Applications for LED Based High-Bay Lighting
  • 3.2.1. PAR Lamp Designation and Nominal Diameter
  • 3.2.2. PAR LED Lamps in General Lighting U.S.A. Forecast, By Product Category ($ Million)
  • 3.2.3. PAR LED Lamps in General Lighting U.S.A. Forecast, By Product (Quantity/Units)
  • 3.2.4. PAR LED Lamps in General Lighting U.S.A. Forecast, By Product (ASP, $ Each)
  • 3.2.5. PAR LED Lamps in General Lighting U.S.A. Forecast, By Product Category (all functions)
  • 3.2.6. PAR LED Lamps in General Lighting U.S.A. Forecast, By End User Category ($ Million)
  • 3.3.1. General Service (A-Type) LED Lamps in General Lighting U.S.A. Forecast (all functions)
  • 3.3.2. General Service (A-Type) LED Lamps in General Lighting U.S.A. Forecast, End User ($ Million)
  • 3.4.1. Decorative LED Lamps in General Lighting U.S.A. Forecast (all functions)
  • 3.4.2. Decorative LED Lamps in General Lighting U.S.A. Forecast, By End User ($ Million)
  • 3.5.1. MR-Compatible LED Lamps in General Lighting Australia Forecast, by Product (all functions)
  • 3.5.2. MR-Compatible LED Lamps in General Lighting U.S.A. Forecast, By End User ($ Million)
  • 3.6.1. Linear Tube LED Lamps and Tape in General Lighting U.S.A. Forecast, by Product (all functions)
  • 3.6.2. Linear Tube LED Lamps and Tape in General Lighting U.S.A. Forecast, By End User ($ Million)
  • 3.7.1. LED Street Lamps in General Lighting U.S.A. Forecast, By End User ($ Million)
  • 3.8.1. LED-Based Specialty Lamps: High Bay and Flood (≥2500Lm), Value Basis ($ Million)
  • 3.9.1. LED-Based Specialty Lamps: Small Flood and Miscellaneous (≤2500Lm), Value Basis, ($ Million)
  • 7.1.1. ElectroniCast Market Forecast Database Product Category Hierarchy List
  • 7.2.1. ElectroniCast Market Forecast Database Application Category Hierarchy List

List of Figures

  • 1.1.1. LED Lamps in General Lighting U.S.A. Market Forecast (Value Basis, $ Million)
  • 1.1.2. LED Lamps in General Lighting U.S.A. Market Forecast (Quantity Basis, Million/Units)
  • 1.1.3. Product Life Cycle (PLC)
  • 1.1.4. LED-Based Bright Lit Ceiling
  • 1.1.5. Campus at Night with LED Lighting
  • 1.1.6. LED Streetlights in San Francisco (Before LED and After LED Installation)
  • 1.2.1. A19 Bulbs (Consumer-Level Bulb/LED Lamp)
  • 1.2.2. Obstruction Bulbs (Lamps) - Flashing - 138 red or amber LEDs
  • 1.2.3. LED Lamp - Down-light Retrofit Module
  • 1.2.4. Miscellaneous LED Lamps
  • 1.2.5. LED Light Bulb (Cool White)
  • 1.2.6. Complete Fixture and Replacement Bulb - Streetlight (Lamp)
  • 1.2.7. Samples of Lighting Fixture Types
  • 1.2.8. LED-Based T8 Linear Tube Lamps
  • 1.2.9. LED-Based High Bay Lamp/Fixtures
  • 1.2.10. Hazardous Location Lighting (Class 1, Division 2)
  • 1.2.11. LED Panel Light with Adjustable Color, Built in Dimmer
  • 1.2.12. 19-Inch LED Ring Light Fixture Set
  • 1.3.1. Diagram of a typical LED chip
  • 1.3.2. Diagram of a typical LED chip
  • 1.3.3. LED Chip Cross-Sectional Structure
  • 1.3.4. Chip On Glass Cross-Sectional Structure
  • 1.3.5. ESD Protection Diodes
  • 1.3.6. Electrostatic Discharge Example
  • 1.3.7. Chip-on-Board LED Technology
  • 1.3.8. Single-die LED: 1000 lm at 100 lm/W at 3A
  • 1.3.9. Four-die LED with Primary Optics
  • 1.3.10. LED Packaged Chip/Bulb
  • 1.3.11. LED Packaged Chip/Bulb
  • 1.3.12. LED Packaged Chip/Bulb Surface Mount Variations
  • 1.3.13. LED Packaged Chip/Bulb
  • 1.3.14. High Brightness LED Packaged Chip/Bulb
  • 2.1. RPCVD Process Equipment
  • 2.2. LED Chromatic Chart
  • 2.3. Evolution of Research Emphasis During Technology Life Cycle
  • 2.4. LED Chip: Metal Layer (Thin Film Technology)
  • 2.5. Vertical LED Chip
  • 2.6. AC LED Technology on a Wafer
  • 2.7. Ultra High Bright LED Chip
  • 2.8. LED Chip Design with Copper Alloy Thermal Conductivity
  • 2.9. LED Chip Design - Sapphire vs. Copper Alloy
  • 2.10. Ultra-Thin LED
  • 2.11. Solid-State Lighting LED
  • 2.12. LED Module with High Light Quality
  • 2.13. LED Module with Low-Profile Rectangular Shape
  • 2.14. Lumiramic Phosphor Technology: Thin Film Flip Chip (TFFC) technology
  • 2.15. Next-Generation Light Emitting Diode Module
  • 2.16. 4-Leaded RGB LED
  • 2.17. Basic Structure of a Deep-UV Light-Emitting Diode
  • 2.18. Vertically Conducting Advanced LED Structure
  • 2.19. AlGaInP LED Efficacy
  • 2.20. Red Nitride Phosphors
  • 3.1.1. World Map - Cooperation on Reducing GHG Emissions
  • 3.1.2. L Prize Target
  • 3.1.3. LED-Based Operating Theater Lighting
  • 3.1.4. LED-Based Operating Theater Lighting
  • 3.1.5. LED-Based Operating Theater Lighting
  • 3.1.6. LED-Based Airfield Runway Edge Lighting (Solar Powered)
  • 3.1.7. LED-Based Solar Powered Airfield Light
  • 3.1.8. LED-Based Lighting: Coffee Shop
  • 3.1.9. Retail Outlets
  • 3.1.10. LED Technology for Stage Lighting
  • 3.1.11. Entertainment & Architectural Lighting: Multiple Color LED in a Surface-Mount (SMT) Package
  • 3.1.12. Color Mixer Reflector for LED Technology Lighting
  • 3.1.13. Production-Lighting: Small Rectangle LED Light Fixture
  • 3.1.14. Production Lighting: 8.3-inch LED Circular Spot
  • 3.1.15. Production Lighting: 14x14-inch LED Light Panel
  • 3.1.16. Production Lighting: LED Circular Fresnel Spot Fixtures
  • 3.1.17. LED Technology for Under-Cabinet Lighting
  • 3.1.18. LED-Based Linear Lamps used in Warehousing Application
  • 3.1.19. 48-inch Fluorescent Replacement Style LED Light Fixture
  • 3.1.20. DIP T8 - Linear Tube Lamps With Plastic End-Caps
  • 3.1.21. SMD T8 and T5 - LED Linear Tube Lamps With Plastic End-Caps
  • 3.1.22. DIP-Type LED Linear Tube Lamps with Plastic End-Caps
  • 3.1.23. DIP-Type LED Linear Tube Lamps with Metal End-Caps
  • 3.1.24. SMD-Type LED Linear Tube Lamps with Metal End-Caps
  • 3.1.25. SMD-Type High-Output LED Linear Tube Lamps with Plastic End-Caps
  • 3.1.26. Silicone Encapsulant and Silicone Lens in LEDs
  • 3.1.27. Silicone Products for LED Lamps
  • 3.1.28. Silicone Products for LED Streetlamps
  • 3.1.29. LED Tape Light
  • 3.1.30. LED Based High Bay Luminaire
  • 3.1.31. LED-Based Specialty (Type) High Bay Lighting in Cold Storage Area Facility
  • 3.1.32. Small LED-Based Specialized Flood Lighting
  • 3.1.33. Explosion-Proof Lighting
  • 3.1.34. LED Explosion Proof General-Area Light
  • 3.1.35. LED Explosion Proof Gas Station Lights
  • 3.2.1. LED-Based PAR 30 Lamp
  • 3.2.2. LED PAR56 Underwater Illuminator
  • 3.3.1. General Service LED-based Lamp (A-Style Bulb Category)
  • 3.3.2. General Service LED-based Lamp (A-Style Bulb Category) / A19 / 100W
  • 3.3.3. LED-Based Bulb A21-Type; Base Medium Screw (E26) in Retail Package
  • 3.3.4. General Service/Globe LED Lamps General Lighting U.S.A. Market Forecast ($ Million)
  • 3.3.5. General Service/Globe LED Lamps General Lighting U.S.A. Market Forecast (Quantity)
  • 3.3.6. General Service/Globe LED Lamps General Lighting U.S.A. Market Forecast (ASP, $ ea)
  • 3.3.7. General Service A19 & “Other” Type-A LED Lamps in General Lighting U.S.A. Forecast ($ Million)
  • 3.3.8. General Service A19 & “Other” Type-A LED Lamps in General Lighting U.S.A. Forecast (Quantity)
  • 3.3.9. General Service A19 & “Other” Type-A LED Lamps in General Lighting U.S.A. Forecast (ASP,$ea)
  • 3.4.1. Decorative (Candle-Style) LED-based Lamp (C-Style Bulb Category)
  • 3.4.2. Decorative LED Lamps General Lighting U.S.A. Market Forecast ($ Million)
  • 3.4.3. Decorative LED Lamps General Lighting U.S.A. Market Forecast (Quantity)
  • 3.4.4. Decorative Service/Globe LED Lamps SSL General Lighting U.S.A. Market Forecast (ASP, $ ea)
  • 3.5.1. 1W 12V GU5.3 / 2 Pin MR16 LED Replacement Lamp
  • 3.5.2. MR Compatible LED Lamps General Lighting U.S.A. Market Forecast ($ Million)
  • 3.5.3. MR Compatible LED Lamps General Lighting U.S.A. Market Forecast (Quantity)
  • 3.5.4. MR Compatible LED Lamps General Lighting U.S.A. Market Forecast (ASP, $ each)
  • 3.6.1. Linear/Tube LED Lamps General Lighting U.S.A. Market Forecast ($ Million)
  • 3.6.2. Linear/Tube LED Lamps General Lighting U.S.A. Market Forecast (Quantity)
  • 3.6.3. Linear/Tube LED Lamps General Lighting U.S.A. Market Forecast (ASP, $ each)
  • 3.6.4. Linear Tube T8 LED Lamp
  • 3.6.5. Linear Tube T8 LED Lamp
  • 3.6.6. LED Tape Light
  • 3.7.1. LED Street Lamps Undergoing Test Operations
  • 3.7.2. LED-Based Street Lights
  • 3.7.3. LED Street Lamps General Lighting U.S.A. Market Forecast ($ Million)
  • 3.7.4. LED Street Lamps General Lighting U.S.A. Market Forecast (Quantity)
  • 3.7.5. LED Street Lamps General Lighting U.S.A. Market Forecast (ASP, $ each)
  • 3.8.1. LED-Based Specialty (Type) High Bay Lighting
  • 3.8.2. LED-Based Specialty (Type) High Bay Lighting at Warehouse Facility
  • 3.8.3a. LED-Based Specialty (Type) High Bay Lamp
  • 3.8.3b. LED-Based Specialty (Type) High Bay Lamp and Fixture
  • 3.8.3c. LED-Based Specialty (Type) High Bay Lighting in Facilities
  • 3.8.4a. LED-Based Specialty (Type) Flood Lighting
  • 3.8.4b. LED-Based Specialty (Type) Flood Lighting
  • 3.8.5. LED- High Bay and Flood (>=2500Lm) U.S.A. Market Forecast (Value Basis, US$ Million)
  • 3.8.6. LED- High Bay and Flood (>=2500Lm) U.S.A. Market Forecast (Quantity)
  • 3.8.7. LED- High Bay and Flood (>=2500Lm) U.S.A. Market Forecast (ASP, $ each)
  • 3.9.1. Small LED-Based Specialized Flood Lighting
  • 3.9.2a. Other Type (Miscellaneous) of LED Lamp LED Round Panel Lights
  • 3.9.2b. Other Type (Miscellaneous) Downlight
  • 3.9.3. General Service: Other Shape (not A-Type)
  • 3.9.4. LED “Corn” Lamp
  • 3.9.5. Daylight Studio Panel Light with 400 LEDs
  • 3.9.6. LED Light Fixture System
  • 3.9.7. DMX LED Light Fixture
  • 3.9.8. LED-Based Miscellaneous Lamps/Lamp Sections U.S.A. Market Forecast (Value Basis, $ Million)
  • 3.9.9. LED-Based Miscellaneous Lamps/Lamp Sections U.S.A. Market Forecast (Quantity)
  • 3.9.10. LED-Based Miscellaneous Lamps/Lamp Sections U.S.A. Market Forecast (ASP, $ each)
  • 4.1. PCB Assembly
  • 4.2. LED Backlit Display
  • 4.3. Rugged Touch Screen with NVIS Capability
  • 4.4. High Performance Materials used for Functional Parts in LED Luminaries
  • 4.5. LED Down light with 102 Lumens per Watt Fixture
  • 4.6. LED Lighting Military Solutions
  • 4.7. LED Lighting in Railway Station
  • 4.8. 4-inch x 4.7-inch Round Light/Fixture
  • 4.9. Dense Matrix LED / LED-Based Light Source
  • 4.10. Silicone Encapsulant and Silicone Lens in LEDs
  • 4.11. Silicone Products for LED Lamps
  • 4.12. Silicone Products for LED Streetlamps
  • 4.13. LED Technology Safelight Design
  • 4.14. NVIS/LED Control Panel
  • 4.15. Integrated Weapons Delivery System
  • 4.16. Cockpit Modular Display/Panel
  • 4.17. Cockpit Large Area Display
  • 4.18. Traffic Lamp LED
  • 4.19. High Power LED Lamp
  • 4.20. Surface Mount Type LED
  • 4.21. Surface Mount Type LED
  • 4.22. Exterior Aircraft LED Lighting
  • 4.23. LED/CCD Barcode Readers
  • 4.24. Surface-Mount Multi-layer Ceramic Packages
  • 4.25. LED Linear Optical Array
  • 4.26. Solid-State NVIS Lamps
  • 4.27. Nanostructures Designed for Different Color Emission
  • 4.28. LED Array Lighting - Lamp
  • 4.29. Light-Measurement Device
  • 4.30. SSL LED: Replacement for Halogen Lamp in Spotlights
  • 4.31. Assorted LED Lighting Profile Devices
  • 4.32. Federal Lighting Location Requirements for Buses
  • 4.33. LED-Based Digital Billboard (Signage/Display)
  • 4.34. Diagram of Backlight LED Drivers
  • 4.35. Diagram of Multifunction Backlight LED Drivers
  • 4.36. Diagram of White Backlight LED Drivers
  • 4.37. Diagram White Backlight LED Drivers
  • 4.38. Rotary Wing Aircraft Cockpit Display
  • 4.39. Ultra-Thin LED
  • 4.40. Quality Management System in LED Manufacturing
  • 4.41. Military and Harsh-Environment LEDs
  • 4.42. LED Street Lights
  • 5.1. ElectroniCast Market Research and Forecasting Methodology
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