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World Hydrogen

Abstract

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Global demand to rise 4.1% annually through 2016

Global demand for hydrogen is forecast to expand 4.1 percent per annum through 2016 to 286 billion cubic meters valued at $43.2 billion. Growth in hydrogen demand will benefit from strong activity in the petroleum sector, its principal consumer, where increasing demand for low sulfur fuels in response to stricter environmental regulations will increase the amount of hydrogen required to produce them. Favorable demand fundamentals for hydrogen also exist in chemical manufacturing applications, and production of semiconductors, float glass, metal components and food processing.

Merchant market poised for growth while captive consumption dominates

Petroleum refineries around the world are consuming greater quantities of hydrogen and this represents the most significant opportunity to merchant suppliers of the gas. Of the 52.3 billion cubic meters of overall demand growth in hydrogen by 2016, 35 percent will be met by merchant suppliers. Merchant and on-purpose hydrogen generated by oil refineries will still account for 78 percent of worldwide hydrogen consumption in 2016. Nonrefinery applications for hydrogen combined for 21 percent of total consumption in 2011. Of this, chemical manufacturing exclusive of ammonia and methanol production) accounted for 12 percent; the remaining 9 percent was accounted for by other manufacturing processes and non-manufacturing applications. Nonchemical manufacturing industries that use hydrogen include float glass, metal components, semiconductors, and food processing.

Asia/Pacific region to be leading hydrogen market

The rapid growth of many economies in the Asia/Pacific region -- especially those of China and India -- will make this region the world's largest hydrogen consumer by 2013. Western Europe is third among the world's hydrogen consumers. In the Central and South American region, above average growth in hydrogen consumption will be led by the Brazilian economy; in Eastern Europe the economies of Russia, Ukraine, Poland and Romania will lead the region in hydrogen gains; and growth in the Africa/Mideast region will be led by the oil-rich economies of Saudi Arabia and Iran, as well as the growing industrialized economies of South Africa and Turkey.

Hydrogen economy gains a foothold

The phrase "hydrogen economy" refers to programs or initiatives aimed at using hydrogen as an energy carrier to replace hydrocarbon fuels and reduce emissions produced by their consumption. Technologies such as fuel cells developed for cars, buses, power generation and other applications, along with the infrastructural implications of their broad and increasing use, are being demonstrated in many countries around the world. Although the market impact of global, massive deployment of the hydrogen economy on hydrogen demand is beyond the time horizon of this report, activities related to the hydrogen economy are covered on a country by country basis, where applicable.

Study coverage

Details on these and other findings are contained in the upcoming Freedonia industry study, World Hydrogen, presents historical demand data (2001, 2006 and 2011) plus forecasts for 2016 and 2021 by application, source (captive, merchant), market, world region, and for 17 countries. The study also considers key market environment factors, evaluates company market share, and profiles global industry competitors, including Air Liquide, Air Products and Chemicals, Linde Group, and Praxair.

Table of Contents

INTRODUCTION

I. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

II. MARKET ENVIRONMENT

  • General
  • World Economic Overview
  • Recent Historical Trends
  • World Economic Outlook
  • World Population Overview
  • World Manufacturing Overview
  • World Chemical Manufacturing Outlook
  • World Energy Outlook
  • World Petroleum Refining Outlook
  • World Fuel Cell Outlook
  • World Motor Vehicle Outlook
  • Hydrogen-Powered Motor Vehicles
  • Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicles
  • Hydrogen Internal Combustion Engine Vehicles
  • Environmental & Regulatory Issues
  • Codes & Standards

III. WORLD HYDROGEN OVERVIEW

  • General
  • World Hydrogen Demand by Region
  • World Hydrogen Demand by Market
  • Petroleum Refining
  • Petroleum Refining Processes
  • Chemical Manufacturing
  • Other Markets for Hydrogen
  • Manufacturing
  • All Other
  • The Hydrogen Economy
  • General
  • Fuel Cells
  • Electric Power Generation
  • Motor Vehicles
  • Other Transportation Equipment
  • Industrial Stationary & Motive Power
  • Portable Electronics
  • Other
  • Hydrogen Production Methods
  • Hydrogen from Hydrocarbons
  • Hydrogen from Water
  • Hydrogen from Other Sources
  • Hydrogen Storage
  • Pricing Trends

IV. NORTH AMERICA

  • Macroeconomic Environment
  • Hydrogen Demand
  • Suppliers & Market Share
  • United States
  • Canada
  • Mexico

V. WESTERN EUROPE

  • Macroeconomic Environment
  • Hydrogen Demand
  • Suppliers & Market Share
  • Germany
  • Italy
  • France
  • United Kingdom
  • The Netherlands
  • Spain
  • Other Western Europe

VI. ASIA/PACIFIC

  • Macroeconomic Environment
  • Hydrogen Demand
  • Suppliers & Market Share
  • China
  • Japan
  • India
  • South Korea
  • Taiwan
  • Australia
  • Other Asia/Pacific

VII. OTHER REGIONS

  • Central & South America
  • Macroeconomic Environment
  • Hydrogen Demand
  • Suppliers & Market Share
  • Brazil
  • Other Central & South America
  • Eastern Europe
  • Macroeconomic Environment
  • Hydrogen Demand
  • Suppliers & Market Share
  • Russia
  • Other Eastern Europe
  • Africa/Mideast
  • Macroeconomic Environment
  • Hydrogen Demand
  • Suppliers & Market Share

VIII. INDUSTRY STRUCTURE

  • General
  • Market Share
  • Acquisitions & Divestitures
  • Cooperative Agreements
  • Distribution
  • Tonnage Distribution
  • Liquid Distribution
  • Cylinder & Packaged Gas Distribution
  • COMPANY PROFILES
  • Air Liquide Group
  • Air Products and Chemicals Incorporated
  • Airgas Incorporated
  • Hydro Edge, see Iwatani International
  • Iwatani International Corporation
  • Linde Group
  • Linde Nippon Sanso, see Linde Group and Taiyo Nippon
  • Sanso
  • Matheson Tri-Gas, see Taiyo Nippon Sanso
  • Messer Group GmbH
  • Praxair Incorporated
  • Showa Denko KK
  • Taiyo Nippon Sanso Corporation

LIST OF TABLES

SECTION I -- EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

  • Summary Table

SECTION II -- MARKET ENVIRONMENT

  • 1 World Gross Domestic Product by Region
  • 2 World Population by Region
  • 3 World Manufacturing Value Added by Region
  • 4 World Chemical Manufacturing Value Added by Region
  • 5 World Energy Production by Type
  • 6 World Refined Petroleum Products Production by Region
  • 7 World Commercial Fuel Cell Demand by Region
  • 8 World Motor Vehicle Production by Region
  • 9 World Commercial Motor Vehicle Fuel Cell Demand
  • by Chemistry, Region, & Product

SECTION III -- WORLD HYDROGEN OVERVIEW

  • 1 World Hydrogen Demand
  • 2 World Hydrogen Demand by Region
  • 3 World Hydrogen Demand by Market
  • 4 World Petroleum Refining Market for Hydrogen
  • 5 World Petroleum Refining Market for Hydrogen by Application
  • & Source
  • 6 World Chemical Manufacturing Market for Hydrogen
  • 7 Other Global Markets for Hydrogen by Region & Type
  • 8 World Commercial Fuel Cell Demand by Application
  • 9 Hydrogen Pricing & Valuation

SECTION IV -- NORTH AMERICA

  • 1 North America: Market Environment for Hydrogen
  • 2 North America: Hydrogen Demand by Market
  • 3 United States: Market Environment for Hydrogen
  • 4 United States: Hydrogen Demand by Market
  • 5 Canada: Market Environment for Hydrogen
  • 6 Canada: Hydrogen Demand by Market
  • 7 Mexico: Market Environment for Hydrogen
  • 8 Mexico: Hydrogen Demand by Market

SECTION V -- WESTERN EUROPE

  • 1 Western Europe: Market Environment for Hydrogen
  • 2 Western Europe: Hydrogen Demand by Market
  • 3 Germany: Market Environment for Hydrogen
  • 4 Germany: Hydrogen Demand by Market
  • 5 Italy: Market Environment for Hydrogen
  • 6 Italy: Hydrogen Demand by Market
  • 7 France: Market Environment for Hydrogen
  • 8 France: Hydrogen Demand by Market
  • 9 United Kingdom: Market Environment for Hydrogen
  • 10 United Kingdom: Hydrogen Demand by Market
  • 11 Netherlands: Market Environment for Hydrogen
  • 12 Netherlands: Hydrogen Demand by Market
  • 13 Spain: Market Environment for Hydrogen
  • 14 Spain: Hydrogen Demand by Market
  • 15 Other Western Europe: Market Environment for Hydrogen
  • 16 Other Western Europe: Hydrogen Demand by Market

SECTION VI -- ASIA/PACIFIC

  • 1 Asia/Pacific: Market Environment for Hydrogen
  • 2 Asia/Pacific: Hydrogen Demand by Market
  • 3 China: Market Environment for Hydrogen
  • 4 China: Hydrogen Demand by Market
  • 5 Japan: Market Environment for Hydrogen
  • 6 Japan: Hydrogen Demand by Market
  • 7 India: Market Environment for Hydrogen
  • 8 India: Hydrogen Demand by Market
  • 9 South Korea: Market Environment for Hydrogen
  • 10 South Korea: Hydrogen Demand by Market
  • 11 Taiwan: Market Environment for Hydrogen
  • 12 Taiwan: Hydrogen Demand by Market
  • 13 Australia: Market Environment for Hydrogen
  • 14 Australia: Hydrogen Demand by Market
  • 15 Other Asia/Pacific: Market Environment for Hydrogen
  • 16 Other Asia/Pacific: Hydrogen Demand by Market

SECTION VII -- OTHER REGIONS

  • 1 Central & South America: Market Environment for Hydrogen
  • 2 Central & South America: Hydrogen Demand by Market
  • 3 Brazil: Market Environment for Hydrogen
  • 4 Brazil: Hydrogen Demand by Market
  • 5 Other Central & South America: Market Environment for Hydrogen
  • 6 Other Central & South America: Hydrogen Demand by Market & Country
  • 7 Eastern Europe: Market Environment for Hydrogen
  • 8 Eastern Europe: Hydrogen Demand by Market
  • 9 Russia: Market Environment for Hydrogen
  • 10 Russia: Hydrogen Demand by Market
  • 11 Other Eastern Europe: Market Environment for Hydrogen
  • 12 Other Eastern Europe: Hydrogen Demand by Market & Country
  • 13 Africa/Mideast: Market Environment for Hydrogen
  • 14 Africa/Mideast: Hydrogen Demand by Market & Country

SECTION VIII -- INDUSTRY STRUCTURE

  • 1 Merchant Hydrogen Sales by Company, 2011
  • 2 Selected Acquisitions & Divestitures
  • 3 Selected Cooperative Agreements

LIST OF CHARTS

SECTION II -- MARKET ENVIRONMENT

  • 1 World Energy Production by Type, 2001-2021
  • 2 World Commercial Fuel Cell Demand by Region, 2011

SECTION III -- WORLD HYDROGEN OVERVIEW

  • 1 World Hydrogen Demand by Region, 2011
  • 2 Share of Market Growth by Region, 2011-2016
  • 3 World Hydrogen Demand by Market, 2011

SECTION IV -- NORTH AMERICA

  • 1 North America: Hydrogen Demand by Country, 2011
  • 2 North America: Merchant Hydrogen Market Share, 2011

SECTION V -- WESTERN EUROPE

  • 1 Western Europe Hydrogen Demand by Country, 2011
  • 2 Western Europe: Merchant Market Share, 2011

SECTION VI -- ASIA/PACIFIC

  • 1 Asia/Pacific: Hydrogen Demand by Country, 2011
  • 2 Asia/Pacific: Merchant Hydrogen Market Share, 2011

SECTION VII -- OTHER REGIONS

  • 1 Central & South America: Merchant Hydrogen Market Share, 2011
  • 2 Eastern Europe: Merchant Hydrogen Market Share, 2011
  • 3 Africa/Mideast: Merchant Hydrogen Market Share, 2011

SECTION VIII -- INDUSTRY STRUCTURE

  • 1 World Merchant Hydrogen Market Share, 2011
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