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E-waste Management Market to 2020 - Expansion of Domestic Electronics Sector to Drive Asia Pacific Growth Despite Ban on Illegal Exports from Developed Countries

Executive Summary

Technological Advancements in Tablets and Smartphones Contributing to Excessive E-waste

Rapid developments in laptops and mobile phones are leading to the equally rapid abandonment of old models which no longer meet the mark, according to new research by technology experts GBI Research.

The new research* presents its findings that information and communication technologies represent the top producer of electronic waste (e-waste, or electronic and electrical goods that have been discarded by the original user, or which have reached the end of their productive life) today.

The generation of e-waste has grown sharply in the last two decades and will continue to grow swiftly as technology becomes more advanced. Mobile phones, once merely a tool of communication, now also function as cameras, video recorders, music players and handheld computers. These constant upgrades are increasing the volume of discarded mobile phones, spurring the need for safe disposal of such waste.

Increasing numbers of mobile users now exist and technology is being rapidly discarded from households in both developed and developing economies, with e-waste becoming one of the fastest growing waste streams in the world, according to GBI Research. While developed economies such as the US have a high rate of e-waste generation due to high replacement rates, emerging countries like India and China represent a budding new market for electrical and electronic goods.

The market penetration of Personal Computers (PCs) and mobile phones is still quite low in India, but is expected to grow rapidly in the future. A major source of obsolete PCs in the e-waste market is the large Asia-Pacific Information Technology (IT) industry, as demand for the latest technologies, higher computing speeds and increased efficiency lead to more and more electronics being thrown away. Along with the high generation of e-waste domestically, China and India also receive illegal imports of e-waste from developed countries. These trends will increase the volume of e-waste generated in India, Japan and China in the future, which GBI Research estimates will reach a total volume of 11.9 million metric tons by 2020.

E-Waste Management Market to 2020 - Expansion of Domestic Electronics Sector to Drive Asia Pacific Growth Despite Ban on Illegal Exports from Developed Countries

This report provides key market trends and competitive landscape analysis for the e-waste management market. It discusses market dynamics in detail by providing analytical content on key drivers, restraints and challenges of the e-waste management market, and segments the global e-waste recovery market on the basis of materials recovered and geography.

The report is built using data and information sourced from proprietary databases, primary and secondary research and in-house analysis by GBI Research's team of industry experts.

Abstract

E-waste Management Market to 2020 - Expansion of Domestic Electronics Sector to Drive Asia Pacific Growth Despite Ban on Illegal Exports from Developed Countries

Summary

GBI Research's new report, "E-waste Management Market to 2020 - Expansion of Domestic Electronics Sector to Drive Asia Pacific Growth Despite Ban on Illegal Exports from Developed Countries" provides key information and analysis on the market opportunities in the e-waste management industry. The report provides key market trends and competitive landscape analysis for the e-waste management market, and examines the current and forecast data for the e-waste recovery market. The research discusses market dynamics in detail by providing analysis of the key drivers, restraints and challenges of the e-waste management market. It segments the global e-waste recovery market on the basis of materials recovered and geography.

E-waste is one of the fastest growing waste streams, globally. The rate of generation of e-waste is high in both developed and developing economies. The main reason for the high growth rate in developing countries is the increasing market penetration of electrical and electronics goods. In developed economies, the rate of e-waste generation is high because of the high obsolescence rate and high replacement rate of electrical and electronics items. GBI Research expects stringent government regulations pertaining to e-waste management and increasing demand for the recycled material to drive the e-waste management market. Key manufacturers such as Apple Inc., Dell Inc. and Hewlett Packard Development Company (HP) are taking steps to ensure the safe and environmentally friendly disposal of their discarded products.

This report is built using data and information sourced from proprietary databases, primary and secondary research and in-house analysis by GBI Research's team of industry experts.

Scope

  • Key geographies with analysis of key countries such as the US, Canada, Japan, China, India, South Korea, Thailand, Australia, Taiwan and Europe.
  • Qualitative analysis of market drivers and restraints for the global e-waste management market.
  • Annualized market revenue of the recycled plastics market from 2005 to 2011, forecast forward for eight years to 2020.
  • Annualized market revenue of the recycled metals market from 2005 to 2011, forecast forward for eight years to 2020.
  • Annualized market revenue of the recycled glass market from 2005 to 2011, forecast forward for eight years to 2020.
  • Annualized market volume and revenues data for the e-waste recovery market from 2005 to 2011, forecast forward for eight years to 2020, for the major regional markets ((Asia-Pacific, Europe and North America).
  • Annualized market volume and revenues data from the major individual countries of the e-waste recovery market (India, China, Australia, US, Canada and others), for 2005 to 2011, forecast forward for eight years to 2020.
  • A competitive landscape analysis, including details initiatives by the key manufacturers and profiles of the key recyclers.

Reasons to buy

  • Exploit growth opportunities in the e-waste management industry through the market segment size assessments and forecasts.
  • Identify the most suitable business segments and geographies for investment in the e-waste management industry.
  • Devise business strategies by understanding the trends and developments that are driving the e-waste management and recovery industry across the globe.
  • What is the future demand potential of the e-waste management market? - Identify, understand and capitalize.
  • Make informed business decisions from the regulatory, economical and technological information provided about the global e-waste management industry.

TOC

1 Table of Contents

1 Table of Contents 6

  • 1.1 List of Tables 8
  • 1.2 List of Figures 9

2 Introduction 11

3 Global E-waste Market, Industry Overview 13

  • 3.1 Market Definition 13
    • 3.1.1 Classification of E-waste Management Market by Geography 13
    • 3.1.2 Classification of E-waste Management Market by Material Stream 15
  • 3.2 Composition of E-waste Sources 16
  • 3.3 Composition of E-waste by Volume (%), 2012 17
  • 3.4 Global E-waste Management Market, Key Drivers 18
    • 3.4.1 Government Regulations 18
    • 3.4.2 Significant Growth of Electronics Industry 19
    • 3.4.3 Presence of Many High Value Metals and Other Raw Materials in E-waste 19
    • 3.4.4 Increasing Awareness about Toxic Substances Present in E-waste 19
  • 3.5 Global E-waste Management Market, Key Restraints 19
    • 3.5.1 Industry Fragmentation 19
    • 3.5.2 Lack of Funds 19
    • 3.5.3 E-waste Logistics 19
    • 3.5.4 Recycling of Plastics 20
    • 3.5.5 Technology Stagnation 20
    • 3.5.6 Lack of Extended Producer Responsibility 20
  • 3.6 Global E-waste Management Market, Key Challenges 20
    • 3.6.1 Introduction of New Recycling Techniques 20
    • 3.6.2 Reducing the Volume of Illegal Export of E-waste 20
    • 3.6.3 Collection of the Huge Volume of E-waste 20
    • 3.6.4 Reducing the Volume of E-waste Reaching Informal Recyclers 20

4 Global E-waste Management Market to 2020 21

  • 4.1 Global E-waste Recovery Market Revenues Breakdown (%), by Material Stream Recovered, 2011 23
    • 4.1.1 Global E-waste Recovered Plastic Market Analysis and Forecast, 2005-2020 25
    • 4.1.2 Global E-waste Recovered Metal Market Analysis and Forecast, 2005-2020 27
    • 4.1.3 Global E-waste Market Forecast of Recovered Glass, Analysis and Forecast, 2005-2020 29
  • 4.2 Global E-waste Management Market Analysis and Forecast by Geography, 2005-2020 31

5 Europe E-waste Management Market to 2020 32

  • 5.1 Europe E-waste Management Market, Volume Generated (Million Metric Tons), 2005-2020 32
    • 5.1.1 Europe E-waste Management Market Volume Generated (Million Metric Tons) by B2B and B2C, 2005-2020 34
    • 5.1.2 Europe E-waste Management Market Volume Generated (Million Metric Tons) by Region 2005-2020 35
  • 5.2 Europe E-waste Management Market Volume Recycled (Million Metric Tons), 2005-2020 37
    • 5.2.1 Europe E-waste Recycled Market Volume (Million Metric Tons) by Region, 2005-2020 39
  • 5.3 Europe E-waste Recovery Market Revenues, 2005-2020 47

6 Asia-Pacific E-waste Management Market to 2020 49

  • 6.1 Asia-Pacific E-waste Management Market, Volume Generated (Million Metric Tons), 2005-2020 49
    • 6.1.1 Asia-Pacific E-waste Management Market, Volume Generated (Million Metric Tons) by Business-to-Business and Business-to-Customer Sectors, 2005-2020 51
  • 6.2 Asia-Pacific E-waste Management Market Revenues, 2005-2020 52
  • 6.3 Asia-Pacific E-waste Management Market, Analysis and Forecast, Top Countries Contribution, 2005-2020 54
    • 6.3.1 India E-waste Management Market, Volume Generated (Metric Tons), 2005-2020 54
    • 6.3.2 India E-waste Recycled Market Volume (Metric Tons), 2005-2020 56
    • 6.3.3 India E-waste Recovery Market Revenues, 2005-2020 58
    • 6.3.4 China E-waste Management Market, Volume Generated (Metric Tons), 2005-2020 60
    • 6.3.5 China E-waste Recycled Market Volume (Metric Tons), 2005-2020 62
    • 6.3.6 China E-waste Recovery Market Revenues, 2005-2020 64
    • 6.3.7 Japan E-waste Management Market, Volume Generated (Metric Tons), 2005-2020 66
    • 6.3.8 Japan E-waste Recycled Market Volume (Metric Tons), 2005-2020 68
    • 6.3.9 Japan E-waste Recovery Market Revenues, 2005-2020 70
    • 6.3.10 Australia E-waste Management Market, Volume Generated (Metric Tons), 2005-2020 72
    • 6.3.11 Australia E-waste Recycled Market Volume (Metric Tons), 2005-2020 74
    • 6.3.12 Australia E-waste Recovery Market Revenues, 2005-2020 76
    • 6.3.13 South Korea E-waste Management Market, Volume Generated (Metric Tons), 2005-2020 78
    • 6.3.14 South Korea E-waste Recycled Market Volume (Metric Tons), 2005-2020 80
    • 6.3.15 South Korea E-waste Recovery Market Revenues, 2005-2020 82
    • 6.3.16 Thailand E-waste Management Market, Volume Generated (Metric Tons), 2005-2020 84
    • 6.3.17 Thailand E-waste Recycled Market Volume (Metric Tons), 2005-2020 86
    • 6.3.18 Thailand E-waste Recovery Market Revenues, 2005-2020 88
    • 6.3.19 Taiwan E-waste Management Market, Volume Generated (Metric Tons), 2005-2020 90
    • 6.3.20 Taiwan E-waste Recycled Market Volume (Metric Tons), 2005-2020 92
    • 6.3.21 Taiwan E-waste Recovery Market Revenues, 2005-2020 94

7 North America E-waste Management Market to 2020 96

  • 7.1 North America E-waste Management Market, Volume Generated (Million Metric Tons), 2005-2020 96
    • 7.1.1 North America E-waste Management Market, Volume Generated (Thousand Metric Tons) by BtB and BtC Sectors, 2005-2020 98
  • 7.2 North America E-waste Management Market, Revenues, 2005-2020 99
  • 7.3 North America E-waste Management Market, Analysis and Forecast, Top Countries Contribution, 2005-2020 101
    • 7.3.1 US E-waste Management Market, Volume Generated (Million Metric Tons), 2005-2020 101
    • 7.3.2 US E-waste Recycled Market Volume (Million Metric Tons), 2005-2020 103
    • 7.3.3 US E-waste Recovery Market Revenues, 2005-2020 105
    • 7.3.4 Canada E-waste Management Market, Volume Generated (Metric Tons), 2005-2020 107
    • 7.3.5 Canada E-waste Recycled Market Volume (Metric Tons), 2005-2020 109
    • 7.3.6 Canada E-waste Recovery Market Revenues, 2005-2020 111

8 Global E-waste Market, International Legislation 113

  • 8.1 Basel Convention 113
  • 8.2 European Union 113
    • 8.2.1 Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment Directive 113
  • 8.3 Australia 115
    • 8.3.1 Hazardous Waste Act 115
    • 8.3.2 The Product Stewardship Act 2011 (Cth) 115
  • 8.4 China 115
    • 8.4.1 The Cleaner Production Promotion Law 115
    • 8.4.2 The Recycling Economic Promotion Law 115
    • 8.4.3 Measures for Administration of the Pollution Control of Electronic Information Products 116
    • 8.4.4 Regulation on the Administration of the Recovery and Disposal of WEEE 116
  • 8.5 India 116
    • 8.5.1 Hazardous Waste (Management and Handling) Rule, 1989 117
  • 8.6 Japan 117
    • 8.6.1 Law for the Promotion of Effective Utilization of Resources (LPUR) 117
    • 8.6.2 Law for the Recycling of Home Appliances (LRHA) 117
  • 8.7 Thailand 117
  • 8.8 South Korea 117
  • 8.9 Taiwan 117
  • 8.10 The US 118
  • 8.11 Canada 122

9 Global E-waste Management Market, Recycling Practices 123

  • 9.1 Detoxification 123
  • 9.2 Shredding 123
  • 9.3 Refining 123
  • 9.4 Hazardous Technologies 123
    • 9.4.1 Incineration 123
    • 9.4.2 Open Burning 123
    • 9.4.3 Landfilling 123

10 Global E-waste Management Market, Competitive Landscape 124

  • 10.1 Global E-waste Management Market, Value Chain 124
    • 10.1.1 Global E-waste Management Market, Key Manufacturers 124
  • 10.2 Global E-waste Management Market, Collectors 127
    • 10.2.1 Global E-waste Management Market, Recyclers 127

11 Appendix 132

  • 11.1 About GBI Research 132
  • 11.2 Abbreviations 132
  • 11.3 Bibliography 133
  • 11.4 Methodology 133
    • 11.4.1 Coverage 133
    • 11.4.2 Secondary Research 134
    • 11.4.3 Primary Research 134
    • 11.4.4 Expert Panel Validation 134
  • 11.5 Contact Us 134
  • 11.6 Disclaimer 135

List of Tables

1.1 List of Tables

  • Table 1: E-waste Management Market, Global, E-waste Sources (%), 2005-2020 16
  • Table 2: E-waste Management Market, Global, E-waste Composition by Volume (%), 2012 17
  • Table 3: E-waste Recovery Market, Global, Revenues ($bn), 2005-2020 22
  • Table 4: E-waste Management Market, Global, Revenue Breakdown (%), by Material Stream Recovered, 2005-2020 24
  • Table 5: E-waste Recovered Plastic Market, Global, Revenues ($m), 2005-2020 26
  • Table 6: E-waste Recovered Metal Market, Global, Revenues ($bn), 2005-2020 28
  • Table 7: E-waste Recovered Glass Market, Global, Revenues ($m), 2005-2020 30
  • Table 8: E-waste Recovery Market, Global, Revenues ($bn), Contribution by Region, 2011 vs. 2020 31
  • Table 9: E-waste Market, Europe, Volume Generated (Million Metric Tons), 2005-2020 33
  • Table 10: Europe E-waste Management Market, Volume Generated (Million Metric Tons) by B2B and B2C, 2005-2020 34
  • Table 11: E-waste Management Market, Europe, Volume Generated (Million Metric Tons), by Region, 2005-2020 36
  • Table 12: E-waste Management Market, Europe, Volume Recycled (Million Metric Tons), 2005-2020 38
  • Table 13: E-waste Market, Eastern Europe, Volume Recycled (Million Metric Tons), 2005-2020 40
  • Table 14: E-waste Market, Western Europe, Volume Recycled (Million Metric Tons), 2005-2020 42
  • Table 15: E-waste Market, Northern Europe, Volume Recycled (Million Metric Tons), 2005-2020 44
  • Table 16: E-waste Market, Southern Europe, Volume Recycled (Million Metric Tons), 2005-2020 46
  • Table 17: E-waste Recovery Market, Europe, Revenues ($bn), 2005-2020 48
  • Table 18: E-waste Market, Asia-Pacific, Volume Generated (Million Metric Tons), 2005-2020 50
  • Table 19: Asia-Pacific E-waste Management Market, Volume Generated (Million Metric Tons) by BtB and BtC, 2005-2020 51
  • Table 20: E-waste Recovery Market, Asia-Pacific, Revenues ($bn), 2005-2020 53
  • Table 21: E-waste Management Market, India, Volume Generated (Metric Tons), 2005-2020 55
  • Table 22: E-waste Management Market, India, Volume Recycled (Metric Tons), 2005-2020 57
  • Table 23: E-waste Recovery Market, India, Revenues ($m), 2005-2020 59
  • Table 24: E-waste Market, China, Volume Generated (Metric Tons), 2005-2020 61
  • Table 25: E-waste Management Market, China, Volume Recycled (Metric Tons), 2005-2020 63
  • Table 26: E-waste Recovery Market, China, Revenues ($m), 2005-2020 65
  • Table 27: E-waste Market, Japan, Volume Generated (Metric Tons), 2005-2020 67
  • Table 28: E-waste Management Market, Japan, Volume Recycled (Metric Tons), 2005-2020 69
  • Table 29: E-waste Recovery Market, Japan, Revenues ($m), 2005-2020 71
  • Table 30: E-waste Market, Australia, Volume Generated (Metric Tons), 2005-2020 73
  • Table 31: E-waste Management Market, Australia, Volume Recycled (Metric Tons), 2005-2020 75
  • Table 32: E-waste Recovery Market, Australia, Revenues ($m), 2005-2020 77
  • Table 33: E-waste Market, South Korea, Volume Generated (Metric Tons), 2005-2020 79
  • Table 34: E-waste Management Market, South Korea, Volume Recycled (Metric Tons), 2005-2020 81
  • Table 35: E-waste Recovery Market, South Korea, Revenues ($m), 2005-2020 83
  • Table 36: E-waste Market, Thailand, Volume Generated (Metric Tons), 2005-2020 85
  • Table 37: E-waste Management Market, Thailand, Volume Recycled (Metric Tons), 2005-2020 87
  • Table 38: E-waste Recovery Market, Thailand, Revenues ($m), 2005-2020 89
  • Table 39: E-waste Market, Taiwan, Volume Generated (Metric Tons), 2005-2020 91
  • Table 40: E-waste Management Market, Taiwan, Volume Recycled (Metric Tons), 2005-2020 93
  • Table 41: E-waste Recovery Market, Taiwan, Revenues ($m), 2005-2020 95
  • Table 42: E-waste Market, North America, Volume Generated (Million Metric Tons), 2005-2020 97
  • Table 43: North America E-waste Management Market, Volume Generated (Million Metric Tons) by B2B and B2C, 2005-2020 98
  • Table 44: E-waste Recovery Market, North America, Revenues ($bn), 2005-2020 100
  • Table 45: E-waste Market, US, Volume Generated (Million Metric Tons), 2005-2020 102
  • Table 46: E-waste Management Market, US, Volume Recycled (Million Metric Tons), 2005-2020 104
  • Table 47: E-waste Recovery Market, US, Revenues ($m), 2005-2020 106
  • Table 48: E-waste Market, Canada, Volume Generated (Metric Tons), 2005-2020 108
  • Table 49: E-waste Market, Canada, Volume Recycled (Metric Tons), 2005-2020 110
  • Table 50: E-waste Recovery Market, Canada, Revenues ($m), 2005-2020 112
  • Table 51: US State Laws on Electronics Recycling, 2011 118
  • Table 52: Canada Regulations on Electronics Recycling, 2012 122
  • Table 53: E-waste Management Market, Global, Apple Inc.'s Initiatives 124
  • Table 54: E-waste Management Market, Global, HP's Options for the Electronics Products 126
  • Table 55: Glossary of Terms 132

List of Figures

1.2 List of Figures

  • Figure 1: Classification of E-waste Management Market 13
  • Figure 2: E-waste Management Market, Global, E-waste Source (%), 2011-2020 16
  • Figure 3: E-waste Management Market, Global, E-waste Composition by Volume (%), 2012 17
  • Figure 4: E-waste Management Market, Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR), 2012 18
  • Figure 5: E-waste Recovery Market, Global, Revenues ($bn), 2005-2020 21
  • Figure 6: E-waste Recovery Market, Global, Material Stream Recovered, 2011 23
  • Figure 7: E-waste Management Market, Global, Revenue Breakdown (%), by Material Stream Recovered, 2011-2020 24
  • Figure 8: E-waste Recovered Plastic Market, Global, Revenues ($m), 2005-2020 25
  • Figure 9: E-waste Recovered Metal Market, Global, Revenues ($m), 2005-2020 27
  • Figure 10: E-waste Recovered Glass Market, Global, Revenues ($m), 2005-2020 29
  • Figure 11: E-waste Recovery Market, Global, Revenues ($bn), Contribution by Region, 2011 vs. 2020 31
  • Figure 12: E-waste Market, Europe, Volume Generated (Million Metric Tons), 2005-2020 32
  • Figure 13: E-waste Management Market, Europe, Volume Generated (Million Metric Tons), by Region, 2005-2020 35
  • Figure 14: E-waste Management Market, Europe, Volume Recycled (Million Metric Tons), 2005-2020 37
  • Figure 15: E-waste Market, Eastern Europe, Volume Recycled (Million Metric Tons), 2005-2020 39
  • Figure 16: E-waste Market, Western Europe, Volume Recycled (Million Metric Tons), 2005-2020 41
  • Figure 17: E-waste Market, Northern Europe, Volume Recycled (Million Metric Tons), 2005-2020 43
  • Figure 18: E-waste Market, Southern Europe, Volume Recycled (Million Metric Tons), 2005-2020 45
  • Figure 19: E-waste Recovery Market, Europe, Revenues ($bn), 2005-2020 47
  • Figure 20: E-waste Market, Asia-Pacific, Volume Generated (Million Metric Tons), 2005-2020 49
  • Figure 21: E-waste Recovery Market, Asia-Pacific, Revenues ($bn), 2005-2020 52
  • Figure 22: E-waste Management Market, India, Volume Generated (Metric Tons), 2005-2020 54
  • Figure 23: E-waste Management Market, India, Volume Recycled (Metric Tons), 2005-2020 56
  • Figure 24: E-waste Recovery Market, India, Revenues ($m), 2005-2020 58
  • Figure 25: E-waste Market, China, Volume Generated (Metric Tons), 2005-2020 60
  • Figure 26: E-waste Management Market, China, Volume Recycled (Metric Tons), 2005-2020 62
  • Figure 27: E-waste Recovery Market, China, Revenues ($m), 2005-2020 64
  • Figure 28: E-waste Market, Japan, Volume Generated (Metric Tons), 2005-2020 66
  • Figure 29: E-waste Management Market, Flow Diagram of Home Appliances Recycling in Japan 67
  • Figure 30: E-waste Management Market, Japan, Volume Recycled (Metric Tons), 2005-2020 68
  • Figure 31: E-waste Recovery Market, Japan, Revenues ($m), 2005-2020 70
  • Figure 32: E-waste Market, Australia, Volume Generated (Metric Tons), 2005-2020 72
  • Figure 33: E-waste Management Market, Australia, Volume Recycled (Metric Tons), 2005-2020 74
  • Figure 34: E-waste Recovery Market, Australia, Revenues ($m), 2005-2020 76
  • Figure 35: E-waste Market, South Korea, Volume Generated (Metric Tons), 2005-2020 78
  • Figure 36: E-waste Management Market, Flow Diagram of Recycling System in Korea 79
  • Figure 37: E-waste Management Market, South Korea, Volume Recycled (Metric Tons), 2005-2020 80
  • Figure 38: E-waste Recovery Market, South Korea, Revenues ($m), 2005-2020 82
  • Figure 39: E-waste Market, Thailand, Volume Generated (Metric Tons), 2005-2020 84
  • Figure 40: E-waste Management Market, Thailand, Volume Recycled (Metric Tons), 2005-2020 86
  • Figure 41: E-waste Recovery Market, Thailand, Revenues ($m), 2005-2020 88
  • Figure 42: E-waste Market, Taiwan, Volume Generated (Metric Tons), 2005-2020 90
  • Figure 43: E-waste Management Market, Flow Diagram of Recycling System in Taiwan 91
  • Figure 44: E-waste Management Market, Taiwan, Volume Recycled (Metric Tons), 2005-2020 92
  • Figure 45: E-waste Recovery Market, Taiwan, Revenues ($m), 2005-2020 94
  • Figure 46: E-waste Market, North America, Volume Generated (Million Metric Tons), 2005-2020 96
  • Figure 47: E-waste Recovery Market, North America, Revenues ($bn), 2005-2020 99
  • Figure 48: E-waste Market, US, Volume Generated (Million Metric Tons), 2005-2020 101
  • Figure 49: E-waste Management Market, US, Volume Recycled (Million Metric Tons), 2005-2020 103
  • Figure 50: E-waste Recovery Market, US, Revenues ($m), 2005-2020 105
  • Figure 51: E-waste Market, Canada, Volume Generated (Metric Tons), 2005-2020 107
  • Figure 52: E-waste Market, Canada, Volume Recycled (Metric Tons), 2005-2020 109
  • Figure 53: E-waste Recovery Market, Canada, Revenues ($m), 2005-2020 111
  • Figure 54: E-waste Management Market, Cimelia Resource Recovery Process, 2011 129
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