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North and South America Renewable Energy Policy Handbook 2014

"North and South America Renewable Energy Policy Handbook 2014" is the latest policy report from GlobalData, the industry analysis specialists that offer comprehensive information on major policies governing renewable energy market in the region. The report presents an in-depth analysis of the renewable energy policies across the major countries in North and South America namely the US, Canada, Argentina, Brazil and Mexico. It also presents the major renewable policy frameworks in place in some of the major states in the US and Canada. The report provides the current and future renewable energy targets and plans along with the present policy framework, giving a fair idea of overall growth potential of their renewable energy industry. The report also provides major technology specific policies and incentives provided in each of these countries. The report also provides insights to major policy initiatives for the market development of renewable energy sources such as wind, solar, geothermal, biopower and biofuels.

The report is built using data and information sourced from industry associations, government websites and statutory bodies. The information is also sourced through other secondary research sources such as industry and trade magazines.

Scope

  • The report covers policy measures and incentives used by the major countries in North and South America region to promote renewable energy.
  • The report details promotional measures in different countries both for the overall renewable energy industry and for specific renewable energy technologies namely solar, wind, geothermal, hydro and bioenergy.
  • The report also highlights the differences and focus of the renewable energy policy frameworks in different countries in North and South America.
  • The report provides a platform for comparison of various renewable energy policies across countries. Major countries include the US, Canada, Argentina, Brazil and Mexico.

Reasons to buy

The report will enhance your decision making capability in a more rapid and time sensitive manner. It will allow you to -

  • Develop business strategies with the help of specific insights about policy decisions being taken on renewable energy by different markets.
  • Identify opportunities and challenges in exploiting the renewable energy markets.
  • Compare the level of support provided to different renewable energy technologies in different countries.
  • Increase future revenue and profitability with the help of insights on the future opportunities and critical success factors in the renewable energy market.
  • Be ahead of competition by keeping yourself abreast of all the latest policy changes.

1 Table of Contents

1 Table of Contents4

  • 1.1 List of Tables 13
  • 1.2 List of Figures 16

2 Introduction 18

  • 2.1 Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Global, Overview 18
  • 2.2 Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Global, Major Policy Measures 19
    • 2.2.1 Feed-in Tariff Programs 19
    • 2.2.2 Renewable Portfolio Standard 19
    • 2.2.3 Tradable Renewable Energy Certificate Systems 19
    • 2.2.4 Capital Subsidies, Grants or Rebates 20
    • 2.2.5 Energy Production Payments and Investments or Other Tax Credits 20
    • 2.2.6 Tax Reductions 20
    • 2.2.7 Net Metering 20
    • 2.2.8 Public Investment Loans 20
  • 2.3 Comparison of Major Policy Instruments by Country 21
  • 2.4 GlobalData Report Guidance 24

3 Renewable Energy Policy Framework, US 25

  • 3.1 Renewable Energy Policy Framework, US, Federal Incentives 27
    • 3.1.1 Energy Policy Act, 1992 28
    • 3.1.2 Energy Policy Act, 2005 28
    • 3.1.3 Energy Independence and Security Act, 2007 29
    • 3.1.4 Energy Improvement and Extension Act, 2008 30
    • 3.1.5 American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, 2009 30
    • 3.1.6 Corporate Tax Credits 31
    • 3.1.7 Federal Grants 34
    • 3.1.8 Federal Loan Program 41
    • 3.1.9 Modified Accelerated Cost Recovery System 42
    • 3.1.10 Renewable Energy Production Incentives 44
    • 3.1.11 Other Federal Policies 45
  • 3.2 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Solar, Federal Incentives 46
    • 3.2.1 The Solar America Initiative 48
    • 3.2.2 SunShot Initiative 49
  • 3.3 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Wind, Federal Incentives 49
  • 3.4 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Geothermal, Federal Incentives 50
    • 3.4.1 GeoPowering the West Initiative 52
    • 3.4.2 Geothermal Technologies Program 52
  • 3.5 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Hydropower, Federal Incentives 53
    • 3.5.1 Hydroelectric Production Incentives 53
    • 3.5.2 Hydroelectric Efficiency Improvement 53
  • 3.6 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Bioenergy, Federal Incentives 53
    • 3.6.1 Energy Policy Act - Alternative Fuels 53
    • 3.6.2 Regional Biofuels Promotion Plan 54
    • 3.6.3 Farm Bill 2008 54
    • 3.6.4 Energy Independence and Security Act 56
    • 3.6.5 Federal Tax Credits 59
    • 3.6.6 Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 62
  • 3.7 Renewable Energy Policy Framework, US, State-Level Incentives 62
    • 3.7.1 Renewable Portfolio Standards 62
    • 3.7.2 Renewable Energy Certificates 64
    • 3.7.3 Public Benefit Funds 64
    • 3.7.4 Interconnection Standards 65
    • 3.7.5 Net Metering Laws 66
  • 3.8 Renewable Energy Policy Framework, California 66
    • 3.8.1 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Renewable Energy Sources, California 66
    • 3.8.2 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Solar, California 72
    • 3.8.3 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Wind, California 77
    • 3.8.4 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Hydropower, California 78
    • 3.8.5 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Geothermal, California 78
    • 3.8.6 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Bioenergy, California 79
  • 3.9 Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Colorado 81
    • 3.9.1 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Renewable Energy Sources, Colorado 81
    • 3.9.2 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Wind, Colorado 88
    • 3.9.3 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Hydropower, Colorado 89
    • 3.9.4 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Bioenergy, Colorado 89
  • 3.10 Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Iowa 91
    • 3.10.1 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Renewable Energy Sources, Iowa 91
    • 3.10.2 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Solar, Iowa 96
    • 3.10.3 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Wind, Iowa 96
    • 3.10.4 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Bioenergy, Iowa 97
  • 3.11 Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Minnesota 98
    • 3.11.1 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Renewable Energy Sources, Minnesota 98
    • 3.11.2 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Wind, Minnesota 103
    • 3.11.3 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Hydropower, Minnesota 103
    • 3.11.4 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Bioenergy, Minnesota 104
  • 3.12 Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Nevada 105
    • 3.12.1 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Renewable Energy Sources, Nevada 106
    • 3.12.2 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Solar, Nevada 111
    • 3.12.3 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Wind, Nevada 111
    • 3.12.4 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Hydropower, Nevada 111
  • 3.13 Renewable Energy Policy Framework, New Jersey 112
    • 3.13.1 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Renewable Energy Sources, New Jersey 112
    • 3.13.2 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Solar, New Jersey 119
    • 3.13.3 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Wind, New Jersey 123
    • 3.13.4 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Bioenergy, New Jersey 123
  • 3.14 Renewable Energy Policy Framework, New York 124
    • 3.14.1 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Renewable Energy Sources, New York 124
    • 3.14.2 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Solar, New York 128
    • 3.14.3 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Wind, New York 130
    • 3.14.4 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Bioenergy, New York 131
  • 3.15 Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Oregon 133
    • 3.15.1 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Renewable Energy Sources, Oregon 133
    • 3.15.2 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Solar, Oregon 141
    • 3.15.3 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Wind, Oregon 143
    • 3.15.4 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Bioenergy, Oregon 144
  • 3.16 Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Texas 146
    • 3.16.1 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Renewable Energy Sources, Texas 146
    • 3.16.2 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Solar, Texas 150
    • 3.16.3 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Wind, Texas 153
    • 3.16.4 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Bioenergy, Texas 154
  • 3.17 Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Washington 155
    • 3.17.1 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Renewable Energy Sources, Washington 155
    • 3.17.2 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Solar, Washington 160
    • 3.17.3 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Bioenergy, Washington 162
    • 3.17.4 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Electric Vehicles, Washington 163

4 Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Canada 165

  • 4.1 Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Canada, Major Policies and Incentives 165
  • 4.2 Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Canada, Federal Incentives 167
    • 4.2.1 Canada - Renewable Energy & Energy Efficiency Partnership 167
    • 4.2.2 Canadian Renewable Conservation Expenses 167
    • 4.2.3 Implementing Agreement on Renewable Energy Technology Deployment 168
    • 4.2.4 ecoEnergy for Renewable Power Program 169
    • 4.2.5 ecoEnergy for Aboriginal and Northern Communities Program 169
    • 4.2.6 ecoEnergy Technology Initiative 169
    • 4.2.7 Trust Fund for Clean Air and Climate Change 170
    • 4.2.8 Accelerated Capital Cost Allowance 170
    • 4.2.9 Clean Energy Fund: Renewable Energy and Clean Energy Systems Demonstration Projects 171
  • 4.3 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Solar, Federal Incentives 172
    • 4.3.1 ecoEnergy Retrofit 173
    • 4.3.2 Tax Credit 173
    • 4.3.3 Main Provincial Solar Support Programs 174
  • 4.4 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Wind, Federal Incentives 175
    • 4.4.1 Wind Power Production Incentive 176
  • 4.5 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Geothermal, Federal Incentives 177
    • 4.5.1 Canadian GeoExchange Coalition 177
    • 4.5.2 Geothermal Heat Pump Tax Credit 177
  • 4.6 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Hydropower, Federal Incentives 177
  • 4.7 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Bioenergy, Federal Incentives 178
    • 4.7.1 Biofuel Regulation 178
    • 4.7.2 Biofuels Bill 178
    • 4.7.3 Canadian Agricultural Adaptation Program 178
    • 4.7.4 ecoEnergy for Biofuels 179
  • 4.8 Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Canada, Provincial Incentives 180
    • 4.8.1 Eastern Provincial Programs 181
    • 4.8.2 Western Provincial Programs 182
  • 4.9 Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Alberta 183
    • 4.9.1 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Renewable Energy Sources, Alberta 183
    • 4.9.2 Alberta, Climate Change Strategy 183
    • 4.9.3 Alberta, Provincial Energy Strategy 184
    • 4.9.4 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Wind, Alberta 184
    • 4.9.5 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Bioenergy, Alberta 187
  • 4.10 Renewable Energy Policy Framework, British Columbia 193
    • 4.10.1 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Renewable Energy Sources, British Columbia 193
  • 4.11 Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Nova Scotia 196
    • 4.11.1 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Renewable Energy Sources, Nova Scotia 196
    • 4.11.2 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Wind, Nova Scotia 202
    • 4.11.3 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Energy Efficiency, Nova Scotia 202
  • 4.12 Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Ontario 203
    • 4.12.1 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Renewable Energy Sources, Ontario 203
    • 4.12.2 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Solar, Ontario 211
    • 4.12.3 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Wind, Ontario 212
    • 4.12.4 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Geothermal, Ontario 213
    • 4.12.5 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Hydropower, Ontario 213
    • 4.12.6 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Bioenergy, Ontario 214
  • 4.13 Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Quebec 215
    • 4.13.1 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Renewable Energy Sources, Quebec 215
    • 4.13.2 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Wind, Quebec 216
    • 4.13.3 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Geothermal, Quebec 217
    • 4.13.4 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Hydropower, Quebec 217
    • 4.13.5 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Bioenergy, Quebec 218

5 Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Argentina 219

  • 5.1 Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Argentina, Major Policies and Incentives 219
    • 5.1.1 Renewable Energy in Rural Markets 220
    • 5.1.2 Law on Promotion of Renewable Sources of Energy for Electricity Production: 26.190 222
    • 5.1.3 Renewable Energy Generation Program 222
  • 5.2 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Solar, Argentina 222
  • 5.3 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Wind, Argentina 223
    • 5.3.1 National Strategic Plan for Wind Energy 223
  • 5.4 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Bioenergy, Argentina 224
    • 5.4.1 Biodiesel Competitiveness Plan 224
    • 5.4.2 The Biofuel Law 224
    • 5.4.3 Biodiesel Content Requirement 225
    • 5.4.4 National Bioenergy Program 225
  • 5.5 Policy Support for Energy Efficiency, Argentina 226
    • 5.5.1 Energy Efficiency Project 226
    • 5.5.2 Energy Efficiency Policies for Appliances 226
    • 5.5.3 National Program for Rational and Efficient Use of Energy 227

6 Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Brazil 228

  • 6.1 Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Brazil, Major Policies and Incentives 228
    • 6.1.1 Program of Incentives for Alternative Electricity Sources 229
    • 6.1.2 Renewable Energy Auctions 231
    • 6.1.3 Alternative Energy Auction LFA-2010 and Reserve Energy Auction LER-2010 233
    • 6.1.4 Brazil National Climate Change Plan 233
    • 6.1.5 Luz para Todos Electrification Program 235
    • 6.1.6 National Biodiesel Program 235
  • 6.2 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Wind, Brazil 236
  • 6.3 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Solar Photovoltaic, Brazil 236
  • 6.4 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Hydropower, Brazil 236
    • 6.4.1 International Action Program, Brazil's Hydropower Program 236
    • 6.4.2 Incentives for Small Hydropower Facilities, Law No. 9648 237
  • 6.5 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Bioenergy, Brazil 237
    • 6.5.1 National Alcohol Program 238
    • 6.5.2 Federal and State Taxes on Ethanol 238
    • 6.5.3 Spending on Biofuels 239
    • 6.5.4 Social Fuel Stamp Auction System 241
  • 6.6 Policy Support for Energy Efficiency, Brazil 242
    • 6.6.1 National Energy Efficiency Policy 242
    • 6.6.2 Regulated Investments in Energy Efficiency 242
    • 6.6.3 The Energy Efficiency Law 243
    • 6.6.4 Solar Water Heating Legislation 243

7 Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Mexico 244

  • 7.1 Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Mexico, Major Policies and Incentives 245
    • 7.1.1 Law for Renewable Energy Usage and Energy Transition Financing 245
    • 7.1.2 Law for the Use of Renewable Sources of Energy 247
    • 7.1.3 National Energy Strategy 247
    • 7.1.4 Mexico Renewable Energy Program 248
    • 7.1.5 CONAE Program 249
    • 7.1.6 Large Scale Renewable Energy Development Project 249
    • 7.1.7 Integrated Energy Services Project for Small Localities of Rural Mexico, 2006-2011 250
    • 7.1.8 Accelerated Depreciation for Environmental Investment 251
    • 7.1.9 Wheeling Service Agreement for Electricity from Renewable Energy Sources 251
    • 7.1.10 Methodology to Establish Service Charges for the Transmission of Renewable Electricity 251
    • 7.1.11 Grid Interconnection Contract for Renewable Energy 252
    • 7.1.12 Renewable Energy Outlook - Vision for 2030 on the Use of Renewable Energy in Mexico 253
    • 7.1.13 Renewable Energy Promotion-PromovER 253
  • 7.2 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Solar, Mexico 254
    • 7.2.1 Project to Connect Solar Power to Grid 254
  • 7.3 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Wind, Mexico 254
    • 7.3.1 Technological Development Programs 254
  • 7.4 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Bioenergy, Mexico 255
    • 7.4.1 Law for the Promotion and Development of Bioenergy 255
    • 7.4.2 Sustainable Rural Development Project for the Promotion of Alternative Energy Sources in Agribusiness 256
    • 7.4.3 Value Added Agribusiness Risk Sharing Schemes 256
    • 7.4.4 Feasibility Study on the Potential for Ethanol and Bio-Diesel Use and Production in Mexico 257
    • 7.4.5 Bioenergy Promotion and Development Law 257
  • 7.5 Policy Support for Energy Efficiency, Mexico 258
    • 7.5.1 Law for Sustainable Use of Energy and the National Program for the Sustainable Use of Energy 258
    • 7.5.2 Energy Efficiency Program 259
    • 7.5.3 Compact Fluorescent Lamp Market, Mexico 259
    • 7.5.4 Green Mortgage Program 260
    • 7.5.5 Solar Water Heaters Program 261
    • 7.5.6 Program for Financing of Electric Energy Saving 261

8 Appendix 262

  • 8.1 Definitions 262
    • 8.1.1 Power 262
    • 8.1.2 Installed Capacity 262
    • 8.1.3 Electricity Generation 262
    • 8.1.4 Electricity Consumption 262
    • 8.1.5 Solar Power 262
    • 8.1.6 Renewable Energy Resources 262
  • 8.2 Abbreviations 263
  • 8.3 Bibliography 268
  • 8.4 Research Methodology 272
    • 8.4.1 Coverage 272
    • 8.4.2 Secondary Research 272
  • 8.5 Disclaimer 273

1.1 List of Tables

  • Table 1: Renewable Energy Market, North and South America, Policy Instruments by Country, 2013 22
  • Table 2: Renewable Energy Market, US, Production Tax Credit ($/kWh), 2013 32
  • Table 3: Renewable Energy Market, US, Treasury Grant Credit Availability and Eligibility, 2013 35
  • Table 4: Renewable Energy Market, US, Total Treasury Grants, 2009-July 30, 2013 36
  • Table 5: Renewable Energy Market, US, Treasury Grants by Technology, Share of Value (%), 2009-July 30, 2013 37
  • Table 6: Renewable Energy Market, US, Treasury Grants by Technology, Volume (%), 2009-July 30, 2013 38
  • Table 7: Renewable Energy Market, US, Treasury Grants by State, 2009-July 30, 2013 39
  • Table 8: Renewable Energy Market, US, Green Power Purchasing Goal (%), 2007-2013 45
  • Table 9: Solar Photovoltaic, US, Annual Installed Capacity (MW), 2001-2013 48
  • Table 10: Geothermal Power, US, Annual Installed Capacity (MW), 2005-2013 51
  • Table 11: Geothermal Power, US, Geothermal Technologies Program Annual Funding ($m), 2006-2014 52
  • Table 12: Biofuels, US, Minimum Share of Renewable Fuel (%), 2014 57
  • Table 13: Biofuels, US, Required Renewable Transport Fuel Sales (Billion Gallons), 2008-2022 58
  • Table 14: Gasoline, US, Volumetric Ethanol Excise Tax Credit ($/gallon), 2007 59
  • Table 15: Renewable Power, US, Renewable Portfolio Standards, State Targets, 2014 63
  • Table 16: Renewable Energy Market, California, Nominal Feed-in Tariffs ($/kWh), 2012-2020 70
  • Table 17: Renewable Energy Market, California, Procurement Requirement after Third Renewable Mechanism Auction (MW), 2010-2013 71
  • Table 18: Renewable Energy Market, California, Go Solar Campaign Program Components, 2007-2016 73
  • Table 19: Renewable Energy Market, California, California Solar Initiative Program Budget ($m), 2007-2016 73
  • Table 20: Renewable Energy Market, California, California Solar Initiative Rebate Levels by Incentive Step and Rebate Type, 2012 74
  • Table 21: Renewable Energy Market, California, California Solar Initiative, Details by Incentive Type, 2013 75
  • Table 22: Renewable Energy Market, Colorado, Renewable Portfolio Standard (%), 2007 onwards 82
  • Table 23: Renewable Energy Market, Colorado, Capital Cost Threshold Rates, 2014 86
  • Table 24: Alternative Fuel, Colorado, Excise Taxes ($), 2014 onwards 90
  • Table 25: Renewable Energy Market, Minnesota, Renewable Portfolio Standards for Xcel Energy and Other Utilities (%), 2010-2025 99
  • Table 26: Renewable Portfolio Standard, Nevada (%), 2005 onwards 107
  • Table 27: Wind Energy, Nevada, Maximum Incentive Level ($m), 2009-2013 111
  • Table 28: Renewable Energy Market, New Jersey, RPS (%), 2004 onwards 113
  • Table 29: Renewable Energy Market, New Jersey, Solar Alternative Compliance Payment ($/MWh), 2008-2028 120
  • Table 30: Renewable Energy Market, New Jersey, Initial Eight-Year Schedule of Solar Alternative Compliance Payment ($/MWh), 2008-2016 121
  • Table 31: Renewable Energy Market, Oregon, Renewable Portfolio Standards (%), 2011-2025 134
  • Table 32: Renewable Energy Market, Oregon, RPS-Eligible Resource Types Based on Facility Operational Date, 1995-2025 135
  • Table 33: Renewable Energy Market, Oregon, Renewable Energy Tax Credit, 2013 140
  • Table 34: Renewable Energy Market, Washington, Renewable Energy Standards (%), 2012 onwards 156
  • Table 35: Renewable Energy Market, Washington, Member-Owned Renewable Energy Program Rate ($/kWh), 2010-2015 158
  • Table 36: Solar Power, Canada, Capacity Addition (MW), 2001-2013 173
  • Table 37: Wind Power, Canada, Capacity Addition (MW), 2002-2013 176
  • Table 38: Renewable Energy Market, Canada, Provincial Targets and Policies, 2010-2016 181
  • Table 39: Biorefining Commercialization and Market Development Program and Bioenergy Infrastructure Development Program Grant Recipients, Alberta, 2007-2011 189
  • Table 40: Bio-refining, Alberta, Commercialization and Market Development Program Funding Availability, Phase II, 2010-2012 191
  • Table 41: Renewable Energy Market, Nova Scotia, Community Feed-in Tariffs (CAD$/kWh), 2011 200
  • Table 42: Renewable Energy Market, Ontario, Feed-in Tariff Prices, 2014 205
  • Table 43: Green Energy Act, Ontario, Additional Price Incentives on Feed-in Tariff, 2014 206
  • Table 44: Renewable Energy Market, Argentina, Renewable Energy in Rural Markets, Total Program Cost ($m), 2005-2012 221
  • Table 45: Renewable Energy Auctions, Brazil, 2007-2014 232
  • Table 46: Biodiesel and Mineral Diesel, Brazil, Federal Taxes 242
  • Table 47: Renewable Energy Market, Mexico, Energy Efficiency Framework, Loans Under Green Mortgage Program (MXN), 2013 260
  • Table 48: Abbreviations 263

1.2 List of Figures

  • Figure 1: Renewable Energy Market, US, Impact Analysis of Various Policies, 1992-2013 26
  • Figure 2: Renewable Energy Market, US, Policy Impact on Applicable Renewable Power Sources, 2013 27
  • Figure 3: Renewable Energy Market, US, Production Tax Credit ($/kWh), 2013 32
  • Figure 4: Renewable Energy Market, US, Total Treasury Grants, 2009-July 30, 2013 36
  • Figure 5: Renewable Energy Market, US, Treasury Grants by Technology, Share of Value (%), 2009-July 30, 2013 37
  • Figure 6: Renewable Energy Market, US, Treasury Grants by Technology, Volume (%), 2009-July 30, 2013 38
  • Figure 7: Solar Photovoltaic, US, Annual Installed Capacity (MW), 2001-2013 47
  • Figure 8: Wind Power, US, Annual Installed Capacity (TW), 2001-2015 50
  • Figure 9: Geothermal Power, US, Annual Installed Capacity (MW), 2005-2013 51
  • Figure 10: Biofuels, US, Required Renewable Transport Fuel Sales (Billion Gallons), 2008-2022 57
  • Figure 11: Renewable Energy Market, California, Policy Applicability to Renewable Power Sources, 2013 67
  • Figure 12: Renewable Energy Market, Colorado, Policy Applicability to Renewable Power Sources, 2013 81
  • Figure 13: Renewable Energy Market, Iowa, Policy Applicability to Renewable Power Sources, 2013 91
  • Figure 14: Renewable Energy Market, Minnesota, Policy Applicability to Renewable Power Sources, 2013 98
  • Figure 15: Renewable Energy Market, Nevada, Policy Applicability to Renewable Power Sources, 2013 105
  • Figure 16: Renewable Energy Market, Nevada, RPS (%), 2005-2025 onwards 107
  • Figure 17: Renewable Energy Market, New Jersey, Policy Applicability to Renewable Power Sources, 2013 112
  • Figure 18: Renewable Energy Market, New York, Policy Applicability to Renewable Power Sources, 2013 124
  • Figure 19: Renewable Energy Market, Oregon, Policy Applicability to Renewable Power Sources, 2013 133
  • Figure 20: Renewable Energy Market, Oregon, Renewable Portfolio Standards (%), 2011-2025 134
  • Figure 21: Renewable Energy Market, Texas, Policy Applicability to Renewable Power Sources, 2013 146
  • Figure 22: Renewable Energy Market, Washington, Policy Applicability to Renewable Power Sources, 2013 155
  • Figure 23: Renewable Energy Market, Washington, Renewable Energy Standards (%), 2012 onwards 156
  • Figure 24: Renewable Energy Market, Canada, Impact Analysis of Various Policies, 2002-2013 166
  • Figure 25: Renewable Energy Market, Canada, Policy Impact on Applicable Renewable Power Sources, 2013 167
  • Figure 26: Solar Power, Canada, Capacity Addition (MW), 2001-2013 172
  • Figure 27: Wind Power, Canada, Capacity Addition (MW), 2002-2013 175
  • Figure 28: Renewable Energy Market, British Columbia, Policy Applicability to Renewable Power Sources, 2013 193
  • Figure 29: Renewable Energy Market, Nova Scotia, Policy Applicability to Renewable Power Sources, 2013 196
  • Figure 30: Renewable Energy Market, Ontario, Policy Applicability to Renewable Power Sources, 2013 203
  • Figure 31: Renewable Energy Market, Argentina, Impact Analysis of Policies, 2001-2013 220
  • Figure 32: Renewable Energy Market, Brazil, Impact Analysis of Policies, 2002-2013 229
  • Figure 33: Renewable Energy Market, Mexico, Policy Impact Analysis, 2002-2013 245
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