• Japanese
  • Korean
  • Chinese
Cover Image

Global Water Market 2015: Meeting the World's Water and Wastewater Needs Until 2018

For the first time ever, we have released an annual update of all of the forecast spreadsheets that accompanied Global Water Market 2014 (published in April 2013). These forecasts are also accompanied by a 12 page GWI Analysts' report which highlights all of the new trends reflected in the market forecast spreadsheets and explains what they mean for your business.

Global Water Market 2014 is an essential tool for planning your business strategy over the next five years:

  • Country chapters have been extended to include exclusive information on procurement models and supply chains unique to each country market
  • Our most comprehensive country trend reports to date - they now include expanded forecasts and historical trends
  • Company profiles of major international players, so you can assess your position in the market against the dominant global players
  • Global and country-by-country forecasts - your guide to the best opportunities for the private sector
  • Comprehensive introduction to the water cycle

The global economic recovery may have been slow and the municipal market disappointing, but lucrative opportunities are still emerging providing you have access to exclusive market intelligence.

Global Water Market 2014 identifies the best global opportunities for private sector participation and investment over the next five years. The report is an essential resource for planning your business strategy and for expanding your business into these profitable country markets. It provides in-depth and exclusive information on emerging trends and opportunities, why it is worth your investment and how to get involved at the earliest stages. In-depth country chapters for the most significant water markets explain market structures, government policies and reveal exclusive current and future project information - providing you with deep market insight that will give you the edge over your regional competitors.

A comprehensive introduction to the global water industry

The report also provides a complete introduction to the water market. It covers the entire water cycle - including an overview of market dynamics, procurement systems, finance, technologies and industrial water; profiles of the most important market players; and an explanation of our market forecast.

Compiling information, forecasts and data for all the key markets into a single resource, this unique report allows you to compare the best opportunities for your business. Accompanying datasets on CD-ROM allow you to manipulate and extract this fresh data to create and present your business strategy. Now more than ever, Global Water Market is the essential resource for your business planning.

New Features for 2014

Expanded country profiles - how to access the market

A brand new section at the end of each country chapter on procurement models and supply chains gives invaluable advice from market insiders on how to do business in that country. By interviewing over 300 industry experts - including consulting engineers, equipment suppliers with an existing market presence, ministries and procurement agencies - we reveal how the market really works in practice.

To guarantee success in new markets, this report gives you crucial inside information researched using our excellent network of contacts.

The report reveals:

  • The procurement processes and market penetration strategies that international companies need to use in order to access new markets
  • Supply chain analysis including key market players
  • The relationships you need to form with consultants, contractors, operators and equipment suppliers for success
  • Possible ways to enter the supply chain alongside the dominant market players

Country trend reports

The country snapshots of 2011 have been upgraded to ‘country trend reports', as they now offer an overview of historical trends and expanded forecasts on the water and wastewater treatment industry for each country. These short reports are essential reference tools for your presentations and reports - presenting all the vital data, information and indicators you need for each country in easily accessible tables, graphs and charts.

At a glance, you have access to:

  • Market forecasts for water and wastewater utilities
  • Historical data and future trends for the water and wastewater treatment industry
  • Current and future projects

Country Chapters:

For each of the 27 in-depth country profiles the report covers:

  • Context and overview of market challenges
  • Water sector organisation and structure
  • Government's water strategy
  • Water availability and demand
  • Municipal water and wastewater infrastructure
  • Water finance
  • Private sector participation
  • Procurement process
  • Supply chain analysis
  • Current and future key projects
  • Future market direction
  • Market forecast

Global Water Market provides in-depth country profiles for:

  • Algeria
  • Australia
  • Brazil
  • Chile
  • China
  • Colombia
  • Egypt
  • France
  • Germany
  • India
  • Indonesia
  • Italy
  • Japan
  • Malaysia
  • Mexico
  • Nigeria
  • Peru
  • Philippines
  • Romania
  • Russian Federation
  • Saudi Arabia
  • South Africa
  • Spain
  • UAE
  • UK
  • USA
  • Vietnam

CD-ROM datasets

  • For water and wastewater:
    • Country-by-country utility market forecast
    • Country-by-country indicators
    • Country-by-country utility equipment market forecast
    • Global industrial market forecast
    • Global water sector mergers and acquisitions since 2000
  • GWI tariff survey 2012
  • AWI tariff survey 2012
  • Dataset of publicly traded water businesses
  • Current desalination, reuse and PPP project trackers

Table of Contents

Volume 1: Introduction and The Americas

Publication information

  • Unit conversion factors used in this publication
  • Exchange rates used in this publication
  • Indicators of utility service coverage
  • Indicators of water service coverage
  • Indicators of wastewater service coverage

Executive summary

  • Five big themes
  • Top markets
    • Brazil
    • China
    • India
    • United States of America
      • Evolution of capital expenditure in the top four markets, 2011-2018
  • Rapidly-growing markets
    • Colombia
    • Indonesia
    • Malaysia
    • Mexico
    • Russia
      • Evolution of rapidly-growing markets, 2011-2018
  • Large, established markets
    • Australia
    • France
    • Germany
    • Japan
    • United Kingdom
    • Saudi Arabia
      • Evolution of capital expenditure in established markets, 2011-2018
  • Summary
    • Total capital expendititure, 2011 and 2018

1. Introduction

  • 1.1. What is the global water market?
    • Figure 1.1. The global water-related economy
    • Figure 1.2. The global water treatment and distribution market
    • Figure 1.3. The global water market: Capital expenditure
    • Figure 1.4. The global water market: Operating expenditure
  • 1.2. Water resources development
    • Figure 1.5. Water withdrawal by sector, 2011
    • Figure 1.6. Water risk in 2030
    • Figure 1.7. Raw water sources for utilities and industry in 2011
    • Figure 1.8. Raw water sources for utilities and industry in 2030
    • 1.2.1. Expenditure on water resources development
      • Figure 1.9. The water resources development market 2011-2018
      • Figure 1.10. Cost comparison of different water scarcity solutions
    • 1.2.2. The desalination market
      • Figure 1.11. Global cumulative contracted and commissioned desalination capacity, 1965-2012
      • Figure 1.12. Annual new contracted and commissioned capacity, 1980-2011
      • 1.2.2.1. Desalination technologies
        • Figure 1.13. Annual new contracted desalination capacity by technology, 2006-2012
        • Figure 1.14. Total worldwide installed desalination capacity by feedwater quality
      • 1.2.2.2. Expenditure on desalination
        • Figure 1.15. Global seawater and brackish water desalination market, 2011-2018
        • Figure 1.16. Top 10 desalination markets, 2011-2018
      • 1.2.2.3. Desalination market participants
        • Figure 1.17. Top 20 EPC contractors by capacity, 2006-2012
  • 1.3. Networks
    • Figure 1.18. Water and wastewater network expenditure capital and operating costs, 2013
    • Figure 1.19. Water network capital expenditure by category, 2013
    • Figure 1.20. Wastewater network capital expenditure by category, 2013
    • Figure 1.21. Water and wastewater network capital expenditure, 2011-2018
    • Figure 1.22. Water network capital expenditure by category, 2011-2018
    • Figure 1.23. Wastewater network capital expenditure by category, 2011-2018
    • Figure 1.24. Municipal water network market by region
    • Figure 1.25. The top 10 municipal water network markets, 2013-2017
    • Figure 1.26. Municipal wastewater network market by region, 2011-2018
    • Figure 1.27. The top 10 municipal wastewater network markets, 2013-2017
    • 1.3.1. Equipment forecast definitions and explanations
      • 1.3.1.1. Pipes
      • 1.3.1.2. Pumps
      • 1.3.1.3. Valves / fittings
      • 1.3.1.4. Automation and control
      • 1.3.1.5. Meters
      • 1.3.1.6. Design and engineering
      • 1.3.1.7. Civil engineering
    • 1.3.2. Network market analysis
    • 1.3.3. Network-related equipment
      • 1.3.3.1. Pipes
        • Figure 1.28. Total pipe market by material, 2013
        • Figure 1.29. Major pipe suppliers
    • 1.3.4. Network maintenance
      • Figure 1.30. Network maintenance expenditure, 2011
    • 1.3.5. Pumps
      • Figure 1.31. Pump market by application, 2013
      • Figure 1.32. Pump market forecast, 2011-2018
      • Figure 1.33. Major pump suppliers active in the water sector
    • 1.3.6. Valves
      • Figure 1.34. Water valve market by application, 2013
      • Figure 1.35. Water valve market forecast, 2011-2018
      • Figure 1.36. Major water valve manufacturers
    • 1.3.7. Meters, automation and control
      • Figure 1.37. Major companies in the water meter market
  • 1.4. Water and wastewater treatment
    • Figure 1.38. Water and wastewater treatment: Industrial and municipal, 2013
    • Figure 1.39. Municipal water treatment market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 1.40. Municipal water treatment plant market by region. 2011-2018
    • Figure 1.41. The top 10 municipal water treatment markets, 2013-2017
    • Figure 1.42. Municipal wastewater treatment market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 1.43. Municipal wastewater treatment plant market by region, 2011-2018
    • Figure 1.44. The top 10 municipal wastewater treatment markets, 2013-2017
    • 1.4.1. Water and wastewater treatment plant equipment forecast definitions
      • 1.4.1.1. Screening / grit removal
      • 1.4.1.2. Agitation / mixing / settling equipment
      • 1.4.1.3. Aeration / flotation
      • 1.4.1.4. Non-membrane filtration
      • 1.4.1.5. Disinfection (chlorination, UV, ozonation)
      • 1.4.1.6. Chemical feed systems
      • 1.4.1.7. Test
      • 1.4.1.8. Low pressure membrane elements (MF / UF)
      • 1.4.1.9. High pressure membrane elements (RO/NF)
      • 1.4.1.10. Ion exchange / EDI / adsorption
      • 1.4.1.11. Sludge management
        • Sludge thickening / dewatering
        • Anaerobic digestion (sludge)
        • Sludge drying / thermal processes
        • Other sludge stabilisation
      • 1.4.1.12. Other equipment
    • 1.4.2. The water and wastewater treatment plant market
      • Figure 1.45. International water and wastewater treatment plant suppliers
    • 1.4.3. Treatment plant procurement
      • Figure 1.46. Water and wastewater treatment plant market share by contracting model
  • 1.5. The water treatment equipment market
    • 1.5.1. The membrane market
      • Figure 1.47. Membrane pore size and separation potential
      • Figure 1.48. MF/UF and RO/NF membrane market
      • Figure 1.49. MF/UF and RO/NF membrane markets by sector
      • Figure 1.50. Low pressure membrane suppliers: market share of plants with a capacity over 10,000 m3/d
    • 1.5.2. The ion exchange and adsorption market
      • Figure 1.51. The ion exchange and adsorption media market, 2013
      • Figure 1.52. The ion exchange and adsorption media market, 2013-2018
      • Figure 1.53. Major companies in the ion exchange market
      • Figure 1.54. Major companies in the electrodionisation market
    • 1.5.3. The disinfection market
      • Figure 1.55. The disinfection capital equipment market, 2013
      • Figure 1.56. The disinfection capital equipment market, 2013-2018
    • 1.5.4. The water quality testing market
      • Figure 1.57. The water quality testing market, 2013
      • Figure 1.58. The water quality testing market, 2013-2018
  • 1.6. The water operations sector
    • 1.6.1. Overview of global operating expenditure
      • Figure 1.59. Total utility water and wastewater operating expenditure, 2013
      • Figure 1.60. Operating expenditure breakdown for WTPs and WWTPs, 2013
      • Figure 1.61. Operating expenditure breakdown for water and wastewater networks, 2013
      • Figure 1.62. Operating expenditure breakdown for non-water infrastructure items, 2013
      • Figure 1.63. Total utility water and wastewater operating expenditure breakdown, 2013
    • 1.6.2. The private water operations market
      • 1.6.2.1. The private water operations market since 2000
        • Figure 1.64. Number of people served under new private sector participation contracts
    • 1.6.3. Private water operators
      • Figure 1.65. The top 50 private water operators
  • 1.7. Introduction to the industrial water market
    • Figure 1.66. UPW, seawater desalination and wastewater desalination by industrial segment, 2011-2018
    • Figure 1.67. Industry-specific forecast categories and overall forecast categories
  • 1.8. Oil and gas
    • Figure 1.68. Oil and gas industry market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 1.69. Oil and gas industry, top country markets, 2013-2017
    • 1.8.1. Forecasts
      • 1.8.1.1. Unconventional gas
        • Figure 1.70. Oil and gas industry, unconventional gas combined by region, 2011-2018
      • 1.8.1.2. Steam and water flood systems
        • Figure 1.71. Oil and gas industry, steam and water flood systems, by region 2011-2018
      • 1.8.1.3. Produced water treatment systems
        • Figure 1.72. Oil and gas industry, produced water treatment systems by region, 2011-2018
  • 1.9. Refining and petrochemicals
    • Figure 1.73. Future refining projects, 2012-2020
    • Figure 1.74. Future additional refining capacity by country, 2012-2017
    • 1.9.1. Forecast assumptions
      • Figure 1.75. Refining and petrochemicals industry market forecast, 2011-2018
      • Figure 1.76. Refining and petrochemicals industry, top country markets, 2013-2017
      • Figure 1.77. Refining and petrochemicals industry: regional markets, 2013-2017
    • 1.9.2. Seawater desalination
      • Figure 1.78. Refining and petrochemicals industry, seawater desalination by region, 2011-2018
  • 1.10. Power
    • 1.10.1. Overall picture
      • Figure 1.79. Power industry market forecast, 2011-2018
      • Figure 1.80. Power industry, top country markets, 2013-2017
      • Figure 1.81. Power industry: regional markets, 2013-2017
    • 1.10.2. Forecast assumptions
      • Figure 1.82. Power industry, seawater desalination by region, 2011-2018
      • Figure 1.83. Power industry, water and ww treatment ex. seawater desalination, by region 2011-2018
      • Figure 1.84. Power industry, co-located power/desalination by region, 2011-2018
  • 1.11. Food and beverage
    • Figure 1.85. Food and beverage industry market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 1.86. Food and beverage industry, top country markets, 2013-2017
    • 1.11.1. Forecast assumptions
      • Figure 1.87. Food and beverage industry by region, 2011-2018
  • 1.12. Pharmaceutical
    • Figure 1.88. Pharmaceutical industry market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 1.89. Pharmaceutical industry, top country markets, 2013-2017
    • 1.12.1. Forecast assumptions
      • Figure 1.90. Pharmaceutical industry market forecast by region, 2011-2018
  • 1.13. Microelectronics
    • 1.13.1. Fabrication plant (fab) projects
    • 1.13.2. Overall picture
      • Figure 1.91. Microelectronics industry market forecast, 2011-2025
    • 1.13.3. Regional trends
      • Figure 1.92. Microelectronics industry, top country markets, 2013-2017
    • 1.13.4. Forecast assumptions
      • Figure 1.93. Microelectronics industry by region, 2011-2018
  • 1.14. Pulp and paper
    • Figure 1.94. Pulp and paper industry market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 1.95. Pulp and paper industry, top country markets, 2013-2017
    • 1.14.1. Forecast assumptions
      • Figure 1.96. Pulp and paper industry by region, 2011-2018
  • 1.15. Mining
    • 1.15.1. Mining projects
      • Figure 1.97. An overview of future mining projects
    • 1.15.2. Forecast assumptions
    • 1.15.3. Overall picture
      • Figure 1.98. Mining industry market forecast, 2011-2018
      • Figure 1.99. Mining industry, top country markets, 2013-2017
      • Figure 1.100. Mining industry, regional markets, 2013-2017
    • 1.15.4. Seawater desalination
      • Figure 1.101. Mining industry, seawater desalination by region, 2011-2018
    • 1.15.5. Water and wastewater treatment ex. seawater desalination
      • Figure 1.102. Mining industry, water and ww treatment ex. seawater desalination by region, 2011-2018
  • 1.16. Summary of technology trends
  • 1.17. Industrial equipment forecast
    • Figure 1.103. Overall industrial equipment market forecast by industry, 2011-2018
    • Figure 1.104. Overall industrial equipment market forecast by equipment line, 2011-2018
    • Figure 1.105. Oil & gas equipment market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 1.106. Refining & petrochemicals equipment market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 1.107. Power equipment market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 1.108. Food & beverage equipment market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 1.109. Pharmaceuticals equipment market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 1.110. Microelectronics equipment market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 1.111. Pulp & paper equipment market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 1.112. Mining equipment market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 1.113. Other industries' equipment market forecast, 2011-2018
  • 1.18. Chemicals
    • Figure 1.114. Municipal and industrial chemicals forecast, 2011-2018
  • 1.19. The industrial outsourcing market
    • 1.19.1. Overview
      • Figure 1.115. The industrial outsourcing market size
    • 1.19.2. Industrial water utilities
      • Figure 1.116. Major industrial utilities
    • 1.19.3. BOT, DBO and O&M contracts for industrial process water and wastewater systems
      • Figure 1.117. Major players in the BOT, DBO, and O&M contracts market
      • Figure 1.118. Regional and contract segmentation of the BOT, DBO, and O&M contracts market
    • 1.19.4. Emergency water services
      • Figure 1.119. Major players in the emergency water services market
    • 1.19.5. Service contracts
      • Figure 1.120. Major players in the service contracts market
    • 1.19.6. Trucking and disposal well services
      • 1.19.6.1. Challenges affecting the market
      • 1.19.6.2. Market characteristics
        • Figure 1.121. Target market categories and industries
    • 1.19.7. Opportunities in industrial outsourcing in different industrial markets
      • 1.19.7.1. Oil & gas
        • Upstream O&G: conventional
          • Figure 1.122. Water treatment processes in the oil and gas sector
        • Upstream O&G: Oil sands & heavy oil
        • Upstream O&G: Shale
        • Upstream O&G: CSG/CBM
      • 1.19.7.2. Mining
      • 1.19.7.3. Power
      • 1.19.7.4. Petrochemicals
      • 1.19.7.5. Pharmaceuticals and cosmetics
      • 1.19.7.6. Food & Beverage
      • 1.19.8. Conclusion
  • 1.20. Global market forecast
    • 1.20.1. Utility forecast methodology
    • 1.20.2. Industrial forecast methodology
    • 1.20.3. Desalination forecast methodology
    • 1.20.4. Equipment forecast methodology
      • Figure 1.123. Standard AACE cost estimating guidelines
    • 1.20.5. Global market forecast summary
      • Figure 1.124. Market forecast, 2011-2018
      • Figure 1.125. Market forecast breakdown, 2013
      • Figure 1.126. Market forecast data, 2011-2018
  • 1.21. Major water companies
    • 1.21.1. Abengoa
      • Water revenues
        • Figure 1.127. Breakdown of Abengoa's revenues by segment
      • Development
        • Figure 1.128. Structure of Abengoa group, 2013
      • Market position
        • Figure 1.129. Abengoa's main references in the water market
      • Strategy
    • 1.21.2. Acciona Agua
      • Water-related revenues
      • Development
      • Market position
      • Strategy
    • 1.21.3. ACWA Power International
      • Water revenues
      • Development
      • Market position
      • Strategy
      • Desalination interests
    • 1.21.4. AECOM Technology Corporation
      • Water revenues
      • Development
      • Market position
      • Strategy
      • Desalination interests
    • 1.21.5. American Water
      • Water-related revenues
        • Figure 1.130. Structure of American Water
      • Development
      • Market position
      • Strategy
    • 1.21.6. Aqua America
      • Water revenues
      • Development
      • Market position
      • Strategy
    • 1.21.7. aqualia
      • Water-related revenues
      • Development
      • Market position
      • Strategy
    • 1.21.8. Black & Veatch
      • Water-related revenues
      • Development
      • Market position
      • Strategy
    • 1.21.9. CH2M Hill
      • Water revenues
      • Development
      • Market position
      • Strategy
    • 1.21.10. Doosan Heavy Industries & Construction
      • Water revenues
      • Development
      • Market position
      • Strategy
      • Desalination interests
    • 1.21.11. Dow Water & Process Solutions
      • Water-related revenues
      • Development
      • Market position
      • Strategy
    • 1.21.12. Ecolab (including Nalco)
      • Water revenues
      • Development
        • Figure 1.131. Structure of Ecolab
      • Market position
      • Strategy
    • 1.21.13. GE Water
      • Water revenues
      • Development
        • Figure 1.132. Structure of GE Water
      • Market position
      • Strategy
    • 1.21.14. GS Engineering & Construction
      • Water revenues
        • Figure 1.133. Sales of GS Engineering & Construction, breakdown by segment
      • Development
      • Market position & financials
      • Strategy
      • Desalination interests
    • 1.21.15. Hyflux
      • Water revenues
        • Figure 1.134. Hyflux's revenues by segment
      • Development
      • Market position
      • Strategy
      • Desalination interests
    • 1.21.16. IDE Technologies
      • Water revenues
      • Development
      • Market position
      • Strategy
      • Desalination interests
    • 1.21.17. Kemira Oyj
      • Water-related revenues
        • Figure 1.135. Structure of Kemira
      • Development
      • Market position
      • Strategy
      • Desalination interests
    • 1.21.18. Kurita Water Industries
      • Water revenues
        • Figure 1.136. Kurita Water Industries' revenues, breakdown by markets
      • Development
      • Market position
      • Strategy
      • Desalination interests
    • 1.21.19. Korea Water Resources Corporation (K-Water)
      • Water revenues
        • Figure 1.137. Korean Water Resources Corporation's annual results, 2010-2011
      • Development
      • Market position
      • Strategy
      • Desalination interests
    • 1.21.20. Marubeni Corporation
      • Water revenues
        • Figure 1.138. Marubeni Corporation's net income, by segments and divisions, 2011
      • Development
      • Market position
        • Figure 1.139. Marubeni's equity investments and EPC references
      • Strategy
      • Desalination interests
        • Figure 1.140. Marubeni's IWPP references
    • 1.21.21. Metito
      • Water revenues
      • Development
      • Market position
      • Strategy
      • Desalination interests
    • 1.21.22. Mitsubishi companies
      • Water revenues
        • Figure 1.141. Mitsubishi Heavy Industries' net sales by segments
      • Development
      • Ownership & financial performance
      • Market position
      • Strategy
      • Desalination interests
    • 1.21.23. Mitsui & Co.
      • Water revenues
        • Figure 1.142. Mitsui & Co, net income by segments
      • Development
      • Ownership
      • Company structure
        • Figure 1.143. Structure of Mitsui & Co.
      • Market position
        • Figure 1.144. Investment Project References, December 2012
      • Strategy
      • Desalination interests
    • 1.21.24. Pentair
      • Water-related revenues
        • Figure 1.145. Structure of Pentair
      • Development
      • Market position
      • Strategy
    • 1.21.25. Puncak Niaga
      • Water revenues
        • Figure 1.146. Puncak Niaga Sdn Bhd's annual results, 2011-2012
      • Development
      • Market position
      • Strategy
    • 1.21.26. Sembcorp
      • Water revenues
        • Figure 1.147. Sembcorp's turnover by segments by activities
      • Development
      • Company data
      • Market position & outlook
      • Strategy
      • Desalination interests
    • 1.21.27. Severn Trent plc
      • Water-related revenues
        • Figure 1.148. Structure of Severn Trent
      • Development
      • Market position
      • Strategy
    • 1.21.28. Siemens Water Technologies
      • Water-related revenues
      • Development
        • Figure 1.149. Structure of Siemens Water Technologies
      • Market position
        • Figure 1.150. Siemens Water Technologies offering and legacy brands as of April 2013
      • Strategy
        • Figure 1.151. The six technology areas where Siemens Water aims to develop its leadership
    • 1.21.29. Suez Environnement
      • Water revenues
      • Development
        • Figure 1.152. Structure of Suez Environnement
        • Figure 1.153. Suez Environnement data
      • Market position
      • Strategy
    • 1.21.30. VA Tech Wabag
      • Water revenues
        • Figure 1.154. VA Tech Wabag results (for year ending the 31st of March)
        • Figure 1.155. Ownership
      • Development
      • Market position
        • Figure 1.156. Revenue split, 2011-2012
      • Strategy
      • Desalination interests
    • 1.21.31. Veolia Environnement
      • Water revenues
      • Development and ownership
        • Figure 1.157. Structure of Veolia Environnement
        • Figure 1.158. Veolia Environnement data
      • Market position
      • Strategy
    • 1.21.32. Xylem
      • Water-related revenues
        • Figure 1.159. Structure of Xylem
      • Development
      • Market position
      • Strategy

2. Argentina

  • 2.1. Main indicators
    • Figure 2.1. Population projections, 2010-2020
    • Figure 2.2. Economic indicators
  • 2.2. Water availability and demand
    • Figure 2.3. Water resources
    • Figure 2.4. Sectoral water withdrawal
  • 2.3. Municipal water
    • Figure 2.5. Water supply indicators
    • Figure 2.6. Percentage of people connected to water network
    • Figure 2.7. Meter coverage
    • Figure 2.8. Non-revenue water
  • 2.4. Municipal wastewater
    • Figure 2.9. Wastewater indicators
    • Figure 2.10. Percentage of people connected to wastewater network
    • Figure 2.11. Wastewater treated to secondary level
  • 2.5. Private sector participation
    • Figure 2.12. Private contracts
  • 2.6. Market forecast
    • Figure 2.13. Market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 2.14. Market forecast breakdown, 2013
    • Figure 2.15. Market forecast data, 2011-2018

3. Bolivia

  • 3.1. Main indicators
    • Figure 3.1. Population projections, 2010-2020
    • Figure 3.2. Economic indicators
  • 3.2. Water availability and demand
    • Figure 3.3. Water resources
    • Figure 3.4. Sectoral water withdrawal
  • 3.3. Municipal water
    • Figure 3.5. Water supply indicators
  • 3.4. Municipal wastewater
    • Figure 3.6. Wastewater indicators
  • 3.5. Private sector participation
    • Figure 3.7. Private contracts
  • 3.6. Market forecast
    • Figure 3.8. Market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 3.9. Market forecast breakdown, 2013
    • Figure 3.10. Market forecast data, 2011-2018

4. Brazil

  • 4.1. Overview of indicators
    • Figure 4.1. Population projections, 2010-2020
    • Figure 4.2. Economic indicators
  • 4.2. Context and overview of challenges
    • 4.2.1. Organisation of the territory
      • Figure 4.3. Brazil's territorial regions
      • Figure 4.4. The 10 most populous cities of Brazil in 2010
    • 4.2.2. Challenges
      • Figure 4.5. Assessment of Brazil's water supply and forecasted demand by 2015
      • Figure 4.6. Water quality index of 1,988 Brazilian sampling points assessed
  • 4.3. Water sector organisation and structure
    • 4.3.1. Government ministries and agencies
      • 4.3.1.1. Federal ministries
        • Figure 4.7. Ministries involved in the water sector: Ministry of the Environment
        • Figure 4.8. Ministries involved in the water sector: Ministry of Health and Ministry of Cities
      • 4.3.1.2. Other public authorities at federal level
        • Figure 4.9. Management structure of water resources, water supply and sanitation in Brazil
      • 4.3.1.3. Public authorities at state level
    • 4.3.2. Water and wastewater service providers
      • Figure 4.10. State water and sanitation utilities in Brazil, 2010
      • Figure 4.11. Brazilian water supply by region and type of system, 2010
  • 4.4. Government's water strategy
    • Figure 4.12. PLANSAB goals for water supply in Brazil by region, 2008-2030
    • Figure 4.13. PLANSAB goals for sanitation in Brazil by region. 2008-2030
  • 4.5. Water availability and demand
    • 4.5.1. Water availability
      • Figure 4.14. Number of municipalities by water supply system types in Brazil, 2010
      • Figure 4.15. Improvements required by 2025 to meet demand in Brazil by region
    • 4.5.2. Sectoral water demand
      • Figure 4.16. Sectoral water withdrawal
      • Figure 4.17. Volume of licensed water withdrawal in Brazil by end user, 2010-2011
  • 4.6. Municipal water and wastewater
    • Figure 4.18. Water supply indicators
    • Figure 4.19. Wastewater indicators
    • 4.6.1. Water treatment
      • Figure 4.20. Water treatment and supply in Brazil by region, 2008
      • Figure 4.21. Water treatment types used in Brazil, by region, 2008
      • Figure 4.22. Major WTPs in Brazil, 2013
    • 4.6.2. Desalination
      • Figure 4.23. Breakdown of desalination capacity in Brazil by user category, 2013
      • Figure 4.24. Breakdown of desalination capacity in Brazil by plant supplier, 2012
    • 4.6.3. Wastewater treatment
      • Figure 4.25. Number of municipalities in Brazil with wastewater treatment, 2008
      • Figure 4.26. Wastewater treatment types used in Brazil by region, 2008
      • Figure 4.27. Major WWTPs in Brazil, 2013
    • 4.6.4. Water reuse
  • 4.7. Water finance
    • 4.7.1. Funding sources
      • 4.7.1.1. Tariffs
        • Figure 4.28. Water tariffs in five major Brazilian cities, 2012
    • 4.7.2. Capital expenditure
      • Figure 4.29. Capital investment by source and destination
      • Figure 4.30. Overview of water and wastewater funding from PAC1 and PAC2, 2007-2014
      • Figure 4.31. PAC1 and PAC2 wastewater project funding allocations, 2007-2010
      • Figure 4.32. Wastewater treatment and investment, by utilities 2005-2010
    • 4.7.3. Operating expenditure
      • Figure 4.33. Operating expenditure by level, 2010
  • 4.8. Private sector participation
    • Figure 4.34. Number of municipalities with private services in Brazil by region, 2010
  • 4.9. Procurement process for water and wastewater infrastructure
    • 4.9.1. Historical background
    • 4.9.2. Overview of current process
    • 4.9.3. How to penetrate the market
  • 4.10. Supply chain
    • 4.10.1. Consulting engineers
    • 4.10.2. Contractors
      • 4.10.2.1. Brazilian contractors
        • Figure 4.35. Main Brazilian contractors, 2012
      • 4.10.2.2. Foreign contractors
    • 4.10.3. Private operators
      • 4.10.3.1. Foz do Brasil (Odebrecht group)
        • Figure 4.36. Foz do Brasil's references in Brazil's municipal market, 2012
        • Figure 4.37. Foz do Brasil's references in Brazil's industrial market, 2012
      • 4.10.3.2. AEGEA (Equipav group)
        • Figure 4.38. AEGEA's references in Brazil, 2012
        • Figure 4.39. Nascentes do Xingu's concession contracts in Brazil, 2012
      • 4.10.3.3. CAB Ambiental (Galvão Infraestrutura)
        • Figure 4.40. CAB Ambiental's references in Brazil, 2012
      • 4.10.3.4. Saneamento Ambiental Águas do Brasil (SAAB)
        • Figure 4.41. SAAB's references in Brazil, 2012
    • 4.10.4. Equipment suppliers
      • Figure 4.42. Main equipment suppliers in Brazil by type of equipment, 2012
  • 4.11. Current and future key projects
    • 4.11.1. Current projects
      • Figure 4.43. Distribution of PAC projects in water and sanitation by Brazilian state, 2012
    • 4.11.2. Future projects
      • Figure 4.45. Investments needed for rehab and expansion of water and wastewater infrastructure, 2011-2020
  • 4.12. Future market directions
    • 4.12.1. Overview
    • 4.12.2. Notes on the forecast
  • 4.13. Market forecast
    • Figure 4.47. Market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 4.48. Market forecast breakdown, 2013
    • Figure 4.49. Market forecast data, 2011-2018
    • Figure 4.50. Industrial markets, 2013-2017

5. Canada

  • 5.1. Main indicators
    • Figure 5.1. Population projections, 2010-2020
    • Figure 5.2. Economic indicators
  • 5.2. Water availability and demand
    • Figure 5.3. Water resources
    • Figure 5.4. Sectoral water withdrawal
  • 5.3. Municipal water
    • Figure 5.5. Water supply indicators
  • 5.4. Municipal wastewater
    • Figure 5.6. Wastewater indicators
    • Figure 5.7. Number of people connected to wastewater network
    • Figure 5.8. Percentage of people connected to wastewater network
    • Figure 5.9. Volume of wastewater produced
    • Figure 5.10. Wastewater collected
  • 5.5. Private sector participation
    • Figure 5.11. Private contracts
  • 5.6. Market forecast
    • Figure 5.12. Market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 5.13. Market forecast breakdown, 2013
    • Figure 5.14. Market forecast data, 2011-2018

6. Chile

  • 6.1. Overview of indicators
    • Figure 6.1. Population projections, 2010-2020
    • Figure 6.2. Economic indicators
  • 6.2. Context and overview of challenges
    • 6.2.1. Challenges
  • 6.3. Water sector organisation and structure
    • 6.3.1. Government ministries and agencies
      • Figure 6.3. Main national government water related institutions
    • 6.3.2. Water and wastewater service providers
      • Figure 6.4. Water and wastewater coverage in urban areas in Chile, 2011
      • Figure 6.5. Main water and sanitation service providers, 2011
  • 6.4. Government's water strategy
    • Figure 6.6. MOP investment plan in the APR, 2010-2012
    • 6.4.2.1. Drought and the public sector: short, medium and long term responses
    • 6.4.2.2. Implications of water scarcity on water governance
  • 6.5. Water availability and demand
    • 6.5.1. Water availability
      • Figure 6.7. Water resources
    • 6.5.2. Sectoral water demand
      • Figure 6.8. Estimates of water balance in Chile, 1996-2025
      • Figure 6.9. Water uses by sector, 1990-2006
      • Figure 6.10. Consumptive use of water by sector, 2006
      • Figure 6.11. Consumptive use of water by sector, 2030
  • 6.6. Municipal water and wastewater
    • Figure 6.12. Water supply indicators
    • Figure 6.13. Wastewater indicators
    • 6.6.1. Water treatment
    • 6.6.2. Desalination
      • 6.6.2.1. Municipal desalination
      • 6.6.2.2. Industrial desalination
    • 6.6.3. Wastewater treatment
      • Figure 6.14. Wastewater treatment technologies, 2011
      • Figure 6.15. Major WWTPs in Chile, 2012
    • 6.6.4. Water reuse
  • 6.7. Water finance
    • 6.7.1. Funding sources
      • 6.7.1.1. Tariffs
        • Figure 6.16. Aguas Andinas water and wastewater tariffs, 2012
    • 6.7.2. Capital expenditure
      • Figure 6.17. Investment plan, 2012-2022
    • 6.7.3. Operating expenditure
      • Figure 6.18. Service provider financial indicators (water and wastewater), 2010-2011
  • 6.8. Private sector participation
    • Figure 6.19. Service providers with CTDECS
    • Figure 6.20. Investment by nine service providers with CTDECS up to 2011
    • Figure 6.21. Main water and sanitation services groups in Chile in terms of clients, January 2012
    • Figure 6.22. Process for granting concessions for water and wastewater service providers
    • 6.8.1. Water scarcity and the private sector response: alternative water sources
  • 6.9. Procurement process for water and wastewater infrastructure
    • 6.9.1. Municipal procurement
      • 6.9.1.1. Procurement model
      • 6.9.1.2. Tender process
        • Figure 6.23. Requirements for public tenders by water and wastewater service providers, MOP Decree 214
      • 6.9.1.3. Pre-qualification
      • 6.9.1.4. Criteria for awarding contracts and ensuring quality
    • 6.9.2. Industrial procurement: water in mining
    • 6.9.3. Rural water services
  • 6.10. Supply chain
    • 6.10.1. Consulting engineers
    • 6.10.2. Contractors
    • 6.10.3. Private operators
    • 6.10.4. Equipment suppliers
  • 6.11. Current and future key projects
  • 6.12. Future market directions
    • 6.12.1. Overview
    • 6.12.2. Notes on the market forecast
  • 6.13. Market forecast
    • Figure 6.24. Market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 6.25. Market forecast breakdown, 2013
    • Figure 6.26. Market forecast data, 2011-2018
    • Figure 6.27. Industrial markets, 2013-2017

7. Colombia

  • 7.1. Overview of indicators
    • Figure 7.1. Population projections, 2010-2020
    • Figure 7.2. Economic indicators
  • 7.2. Context and overview of challenges
  • 7.3. Water sector organisation and structure
    • 7.3.1. Government ministries and agencies
      • Figure 7.3. Structure of the water sector at the national level in Colombia
    • 7.3.2. Water and wastewater service providers
      • Figure 7.4. Main service providers by population and subscribers, 2011
      • Figure 7.5. Percentage of public, private and mixed water and wastewater service providers, 2009-2010
  • 7.4. Government's water strategy
    • 7.4.1. Water and wastewater service provision
      • Figure 7.6. National Development Plan 2010-2014: goals for the water and wastewater sector
    • 7.4.2. Water resources management
  • 7.5. Water availability and demand
    • 7.5.1. Water availability
      • Figure 7.7. Water resources
      • Figure 7.8. Surface water availability per basin, based on a 2010 survey
    • 7.5.2. Sectoral water demand
      • Figure 7.9. Total water demand per sector, 2008
      • Figure 7.10. Total water demand, 2019
  • 7.6. Municipal water and wastewater
    • Figure 7.11. Water supply indicators
    • Figure 7.12. Wastewater indicators
    • 7.6.1. Water treatment
      • Figure 7.13. Largest WTPs in Colombia by design capacity, 2008
    • 7.6.2. Desalination
      • Figure 7.14. Major desalination plants in Colombia, 2012
    • 7.6.3. Wastewater treatment
      • Figure 7.15. Largest WWTPs in Colombia by design capacity, 2009
      • Figure 7.16. Design capacity of WWTPs in Colombia's main urban areas, 2008
    • 7.6.4. Water reuse
  • 7.7. Water finance
    • 7.7.1. Funding sources
      • 7.7.1.1. Nation-wide funding sources
        • Figure 7.17. Government and service funding sources for the water and wastewater sector, 2009 and 2010
    • 7.7.2. PAP-PDA funding mechanism
      • Figure 7.18. Criteria for allocation and use of SGP water funds, Law 1176 of 2007
      • 7.7.2.1. Tariffs
        • Tariff setting
        • Tariffs in main cities
          • Figure 7.19. Typical average water tariff, June 2010
          • Figure 7.20. Bogota wastewater tariff structure (EAAB), December 2012
    • 7.7.3. Capital expenditure
      • Figure 7.21. Funding sources for investment in infrastructure, 2010
      • Figure 7.22. Destination of SGP water funds, 2011
    • 7.7.4. Operating expenditure
      • Figure 7.23. Investment, costs and expenditure, 2009-2010
  • 7.8. Private sector participation
    • 7.8.1. Development of PSP in the country
      • Figure 7.24. Financial criteria for selection of private operators by type of contract
      • Figure 7.25. PME: Concession contracts by municipality size and investment required from the government
  • 7.9. Procurement process for water and wastewater infrastructure
    • 7.9.1. Local authorities
    • 7.9.2. ESPs
      • 7.9.2.1. Conception of the project
      • 7.9.2.2. Type of contract
      • 7.9.2.3. Tender process
      • 7.9.2.4. How companies tend to participate
      • 7.9.2.5. Other contract particularities
  • 7.10. Supply chain
    • 7.10.1. Consulting engineers
    • 7.10.2. Contractors
    • 7.10.3. Private operators
    • 7.10.4. Equipment suppliers
  • 7.11. Current and future key projects
    • 7.11.1. Current projects
    • 7.11.2. Future projects
  • 7.12. Future market directions
    • 7.12.1. Overview
    • 7.12.2. Notes on the market forecast
  • 7.13. Market forecast
    • Figure 7.26. Market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 7.27. Market forecast breakdown, 2013
    • Figure 7.28. Market forecast data, 2011-2018
    • Figure 7.29. Industrial markets, 2013-2017

8. Costa Rica

  • 8.1. Main indicators
    • Figure 8.1. Population projections, 2010-2020
    • Figure 8.2. Economic indicators
  • 8.2. Water availability and demand
    • Figure 8.3. Water resources
    • Figure 8.4. Sectoral water withdrawal
  • 8.3. Municipal water
    • Figure 8.5. Water supply indicators
  • 8.4. Municipal wastewater
    • Figure 8.6. Wastewater indicators
  • 8.5. Market forecast
    • Figure 8.7. Market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 8.8. Market forecast breakdown, 2013
    • Figure 8.9. Market forecast data, 2011-2018

9. Dominican Republic

  • 9.1. Main indicators
    • Figure 9.1. Population projections, 2010-2020
    • Figure 9.2. Economic indicators
  • 9.2. Water availability and demand
    • Figure 9.3. Water resources
    • Figure 9.4. Sectoral water withdrawal
  • 9.3. Municipal water
    • Figure 9.5. Water supply indicators
  • 9.4. Municipal wastewater
    • Figure 9.6. Wastewater indicators
  • 9.5. Market forecast
    • Figure 9.7. Market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 9.8. Market forecast breakdown, 2013
    • Figure 9.9. Market forecast data, 2011-2018

10. Ecuador

  • 10.1. Main indicators
    • Figure 10.1. Population projections, 2010-2020
    • Figure 10.2. Economic indicators
  • 10.2. Water availability and demand
    • Figure 10.3. Water resources
    • Figure 10.4. Sectoral water withdrawal
  • 10.3. Municipal water
    • Figure 10.5. Water supply indicators
    • Figure 10.6. Percentage of people connected to water network
    • Figure 10.7. Non-revenue water
  • 10.4. Municipal wastewater
    • Figure 10.8. Wastewater indicators
  • 10.5. Private sector participation
    • Figure 10.9. Private contracts
  • 10.6. Market forecast
    • Figure 10.10. Market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 10.11. Market forecast breakdown, 2013
    • Figure 10.12. Market forecast data, 2011-2018

11. El Salvador

  • 11.1. Main indicators
    • Figure 11.1. Population projections, 2010-2020
    • Figure 11.2. Economic indicators
  • 11.2. Water availability and demand
    • Figure 11.3. Water resources
    • Figure 11.4. Sectoral water withdrawal
  • 11.3. Municipal water
    • Figure 11.5. Water supply indicators
  • 11.4. Municipal wastewater
    • Figure 11.6. Wastewater indicators
  • 11.5. Market forecast
    • Figure 11.7. Market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 11.8. Market forecast breakdown, 2013
    • Figure 11.9. Market forecast data, 2011-2018

12. Guatemala

  • 12.1. Main indicators
    • Figure 12.1. Population projections, 2010-2020
    • Figure 12.2. Economic indicators
  • 12.2. Water availability and demand
    • Figure 12.3. Water resources
    • Figure 12.4. Sectoral water withdrawal
  • 12.3. Municipal water
    • Figure 12.5. Water supply indicators
  • 12.4. Municipal wastewater
    • Figure 12.6. Wastewater indicators
  • 12.5. Market forecast
    • Figure 12.7. Market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 12.8. Market forecast breakdown, 2013
    • Figure 12.9. Market forecast data, 2011-2018

13. Honduras

  • 13.1. Main indicators
    • Figure 13.1. Population projections, 2010-2020
    • Figure 13.2. Economic indicators
  • 13.2. Water availability and demand
    • Figure 13.3. Water resources
    • Figure 13.4. Sectoral water withdrawal
  • 13.3. Municipal water
    • Figure 13.5. Water supply indicators
  • 13.4. Municipal wastewater
    • Figure 13.6. Wastewater indicators
  • 13.5. Private sector participation
    • Figure 13.7. Private contracts
  • 13.6. Market forecast
    • Figure 13.8. Market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 13.9. Market forecast breakdown, 2013
    • Figure 13.10. Market forecast data, 2011-2018

14. Mexico

  • 14.1. Main indicators
    • Figure 14.1. Population projections, 2010-2020
    • Figure 14.2. Economic indicators
  • 14.2. Context and overview of challenges
  • 14.3. Water sector organisation and structure
    • 14.3.1. Government ministries and agencies
      • Figure 14.3. Regulatory structure of the environment sector
      • Figure 14.4. Institutions that liaise with Conagua
    • 14.3.2. Water and wastewater service providers
  • 14.4. Government's water strategy
    • 14.4.1. Legal and policy framework
      • Figure 14.5. Water Agenda for 2030, pillars and objectives
  • 14.5. Water availability and demand
    • 14.5.1. Water availability
      • Figure 14.6. Water resources
      • 14.5.1.1. Surface waters
      • 14.5.1.2. Groundwater
    • 14.5.2. Sectoral water demand
      • Figure 14.7. Sectoral water demand by source, 2009
  • 14.6. Municipal water and wastewater
    • Figure 14.8. Water supply indicators
    • Figure 14.9. Wastewater indicators
    • 14.6.1. Water treatment
      • Figure 14.10. Municipal drinking water plants in operation by type of treatment process, 2010
    • 14.6.2. Desalination
      • Figure 14.11. Planned investment in future desalination plants
    • 14.6.3. Wastewater treatment
      • Figure 14.12. Evolution of municipal wastewater treatment, 2007-2011
      • Figure 14.13. Municipal wastewater plants in operation by type of technology, 2010
    • 14.6.4. Water reuse
      • Figure 14.14. Reuse of municipal and non-municipal wastewater, 2008
  • 14.7. Water finance
    • Figure 14.15. Investment in programmes, 2011
    • 14.7.1. Funding sources
      • 14.7.1.1. Tariffs
        • Figure 14.16. Domestic tariffs for drinking water and wastewater services in the main Mexican cities, 2011
        • Figure 14.17. Domestic drinking water tariffs in main Mexican cities, 2010-2011
        • Figure 14.18. Domestic, commercial and industrial water tariffs in selected cities, 2011
    • 14.7.2. Capital expenditure
      • Figure 14.19. Total investment per category, 2002-2011
      • 14.7.2.1. Future investment plans
        • Figure 14.20. Water Agenda 2030 investment distribution
        • Figure 14.21. Projections for National Water Programme 2013-2018
    • 14.7.3. Operating expenditure
  • 14.8. Private sector participation
    • 14.8.1. Legislative framework for private sector participation
    • 14.8.2. Private sector participation models
      • Figure 14.22. Concessions and management contracts in Mexico, 2013
      • Figure 14.23. Main BOTs operating in Mexico, 2013
  • 14.9. Procurement process for water and wastewater infrastructure
  • 14.10. Supply chain
    • 14.10.1. Consulting engineers
      • Figure 14.24. Main consulting engineers in Mexico
    • 14.10.2. Contractors
      • Figure 14.25. Main contractors in Mexico
    • 14.10.3. Private operators
      • Figure 14.26. Main private operators in Mexico
    • 14.10.4. Equipment suppliers
  • 14.11. Current and future key projects
    • 14.11.1. Current projects
    • 14.11.2. Future projects
      • Figure 14.27. Identified future projects
  • 14.12. Future market directions
    • 14.12.1. Overview
    • 14.12.2. Notes on the market forecast
  • 14.13. Market forecast
    • Figure 14.28. Market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 14.29. Market forecast breakdown, 2013
    • Figure 14.30. Market forecast data, 2011-2018
    • Figure 14.31. Industrial markets, 2013-2017

15. Panama

  • 15.1. Main indicators
    • Figure 15.1. Population projections, 2010-2020
    • Figure 15.2. Economic indicators
  • 15.2. Water availability and demand
    • Figure 15.3. Water resources
    • Figure 15.4. Sectoral water withdrawal
  • 15.3. Municipal water
    • Figure 15.5. Water supply indicators
  • 15.4. Municipal wastewater
    • Figure 15.6. Wastewater indicators
  • 15.5. Private sector participation
    • Figure 15.7. Private contracts
  • 15.6. Market forecast
    • Figure 15.8. Market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 15.9. Market forecast breakdown, 2013
    • Figure 15.10. Market forecast data, 2011-2018

16. Paraguay

  • 16.1. Main indicators
    • Figure 16.1. Population projections, 2010-2020
    • Figure 16.2. Economic indicators
  • 16.2. Water availability and demand
    • Figure 16.3. Water resources
    • Figure 16.4. Sectoral water withdrawal
  • 16.3. Municipal water
    • Figure 16.5. Water supply indicators
  • 16.4. Municipal wastewater
    • Figure 16.6. Wastewater indicators
  • 16.5. Market forecast
    • Figure 16.7. Market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 16.8. Market forecast breakdown, 2013
    • Figure 16.9. Market forecast data, 2011-2018

17. Peru

  • 17.1. Overview of indicators
    • Figure 17.1. Population projections, 2010-2020
    • Figure 17.2. Economic indicators
  • 17.2. Context and overview of challenges
  • 17.3. Water sector organisation and structure
    • 17.3.1. Government ministries and agencies
      • Figure 17.3. Government ministries and agencies involved in water management
    • 17.3.2. Water and wastewater service providers
      • Figure 17.4. All EPS in Peru showing main indicators, 2011
  • 17.4. Government's water strategy
    • 17.4.1. Water resources
    • 17.4.2. Municipal water
  • 17.5. Water availability and demand
    • 17.5.1. Water availability
      • Figure 17.5. Water resources availability in Peru by watershed, 2011
    • 17.5.2. Sectoral water demand
      • Figure 17.6. Sectoral surface water use in Peru by watershed, 2010-2011
  • 17.6. Municipal water and wastewater
    • Figure 17.7. Water supply indicators
    • Figure 17.8. Wastewater indicators
    • 17.6.1. Water treatment
      • Figure 17.9. Types of access to drinking water (percentage of total households), 2011
      • Figure 17.10. Major WTPs in Peru by design capacity
    • 17.6.2. Desalination
      • 17.6.2.1. Desalination for municipal purposes
      • 17.6.2.2. Desalination for industrial purposes
    • 17.6.3. Wastewater treatment
      • Figure 17.11. Methods of wastewater disposal in Peru, 2011
      • Figure 17.12. Major municipal WWTPs in Peru by design capacity
      • Figure 17.13. Operating capacities and treatment technologies employed at Sedapal WWTPs in Lima, 2011
      • Figure 17.14. PLANAA strategic actions and goals relating to wastewater treatment and reuse, 2012-2021
    • 17.6.4. Water reuse
  • 17.7. Water finance
    • Figure 17.15. Investment required to meet objectives of the National Sanitation Plan 2006-2015
    • Figure 17.16. Funding scheme for the period 2009-2015
    • 17.7.1. Funding sources
      • 17.7.1.1. Tariffs
        • Figure 17.17. Sedapal tariffs (variable charge), May 2012
    • 17.7.2. Capital expenditure
      • Figure 17.18. Government investment in urban water and sanitation works, 2005-2010
    • 17.7.3. Operating expenditure
  • 17.8. Private sector participation
    • Figure 17.19. Modalities of PSP according to the National Strategy for PSP in EPS
  • 17.9. Procurement process for water and wastewater infrastructure
    • 17.9.1. Summary
      • Figure 17.20. Procurement models according to project size and broad procurement category
    • 17.9.2. Common characteristics to all procurement processes
      • 17.9.2.1. Level of openness
      • 17.9.2.2. Private companies' way of participation
      • 17.9.2.3. Prequalification stage
      • 17.9.2.4. Criteria for awarding contracts and ensuring quality
      • 17.9.2.5. Speed of procurement processes
    • 17.9.3. Concessions
      • Figure 17.21. Private Initiative flow diagram
      • Figure 17.22. Water and wastewater plant concession projects up until 2012
    • 17.9.4. Non-concession projects
      • 17.9.4.1. Common framework
      • 17.9.4.2. Large projects: DBO - DB
      • 17.9.4.3. Small projects: DBB
  • 17.10. The supply chain
    • 17.10.1. Consulting engineers
    • 17.10.2. Contractors
    • 17.10.3. Private operators
    • 17.10.4. Equipment suppliers
  • 17.11. Current and future key projects
    • 17.11.1. Current projects
    • 17.11.2. Future projects
  • 17.12. Future market directions
    • 17.12.1. Overview
    • 17.12.2. Notes on the market forecast
  • 17.13. Market forecast
    • Figure 17.23. Market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 17.24. Market forecast breakdown, 2013
    • Figure 17.25. Market forecast data, 2011-2018
    • Figure 17.26. Industrial markets, 2013-2017

18. Trinidad and Tobago

  • 18.1. Main indicators
    • Figure 18.1. Population projections, 2010-2020
    • Figure 18.2. Economic indicators
  • 18.2. Water availability and demand
    • Figure 18.3. Water resources
    • Figure 18.4. Sectoral water withdrawal
  • 18.3. Municipal water
    • Figure 18.5. Water supply indicators
    • Figure 18.6. Number of water connections
    • Figure 18.7. Municipal water supply capacity
  • 18.4. Municipal wastewater
    • Figure 18.8. Wastewater indicators
  • 18.5. Private sector participation
    • Figure 18.9. Private contracts
  • 18.6. Market forecast
    • Figure 18.10. Market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 18.11. Market forecast breakdown, 2013
    • Figure 18.12. Market forecast data, 2011-2018

19. United States of America

  • 19.1. Overview of indicators
    • Figure 19.1. Population projections, 2010-2020
    • Figure 19.2. Economic indicators
  • 19.2. Context and overview of challenges
  • 19.3. Water sector organisation and structure
    • 19.3.1. Government ministries and agencies
      • 19.3.1.1. Federal
      • 19.3.1.2. Regional, state, river basin and local agencies
      • 19.3.1.3. Water industry-related associations
        • Figure 19.3. Major water industry associations, 2013
    • 19.3.2. Water and wastewater service providers
      • Figure 19.4. Drinking water providers according to population served, 2012
      • Figure 19.5. Major public water and wastewater providers in the U.S., 2013
  • 19.4. Government's water strategy
  • 19.5. Water availability and demand
    • 19.5.1. Water availability
      • Figure 19.6. Total renewable water resources in the United States, 2012
    • 19.5.2. Sectoral water demand
      • Figure 19.7. U.S. sectoral water withdrawal, 2005
      • Figure 19.8. Water demand/drought models, 2013
  • 19.6. Municipal water and wastewater
    • Figure 19.9. Water supply indicators
    • Figure 19.10. Wastewater indicators
    • 19.6.1. Water treatment
      • Figure 19.11. Drinking water production by water source, 2012
      • Figure 19.12. Types of advanced technology employed by U.S. WTPs, 2013
      • Figure 19.13. Major WTPs in the U.S. by operational capacity, 2013
    • 19.6.2. Desalination
      • 19.6.2.1. Municipal desalination trend
      • 19.6.2.2. Industrial desalination trend
      • 19.6.2.3. Technology trend
        • Figure 19.14. The 10 largest municipal desalination plants in the U.S. by daily volume of water output, 2012
    • 19.6.3. Wastewater treatment
      • 19.6.3.1. WWTP capacity and technology overview
        • Figure 19.15. Number of WWTPs and cumulative capacities, 2011
        • Figure 19.16. Treatment levels of U.S. municipal WWTPs, with future projections
        • Figure 19.17. Major WWTPs in the U.S. by design capacity, 2013
      • 19.6.3.2. Current trends in the wastewater treatment sector
      • 19.6.3.3. Nutrient management regulations
      • 19.6.3.4. Wastewater overflow regulations
      • 19.6.3.5. New opportunities for resource recovery
    • 19.6.4. Water reuse
      • 19.6.4.1. Municipal water reuse practice
        • Figure 19.18. Major municipal water reuse projects in the U.S. by operating capacity, 2013
      • 19.6.4.2. Industrial water reuse practice
  • 19.7. Water finance
    • 19.7.1. Funding sources
      • Figure 19.19. Overview of the main project construction funding mechanisms in the U.S., 2013
      • 19.7.1.1. Finance availability and utility debt
      • 19.7.1.2. Trends in federal funding
        • Figure 19.20. Annual federal capitalisation grants for SRFs, 2002-2010
      • 19.7.1.3. Trends in private financing
      • 19.7.1.4. Tariffs
        • Figure 19.21. AWI Water Tariff Survey Highlights, United States, 2012
    • 19.7.2. Capital expenditure
      • Figure 19.22. Public versus private spending for water supply construction projects, 2002-2012
      • 19.7.2.1. Construction spending of state and local public utilities
        • Figure 19.23. Construction spending for water supply projects at state and local levels, 2002-2012
        • Figure 19.24. Construction spending on ww, sludge & dry waste projects at state & local levels, 2002-2012
    • 19.7.3. Operating expenditure
      • Figure 19.25. Capital and operating expenditures for state and local public utilities, 2010
    • 19.7.4. Water utility revenues
      • Figure 19.26. Public versus private water and wastewater utility revenue, 2010
      • Figure 19.27. Total spending versus revenue of public utilities, 1999-2010
      • 19.7.4.1. Private contract operation & maintenance market revenue
        • Figure 19.28. Top-five largest contract ops companies by revenue, 2011
  • 19.8. Private sector participation
    • Figure 19.29. Water and wastewater services by provider, 2012
    • 19.8.1. Alternative project finance and performance management contracts
      • Figure 19.30. Alternative finance and project management contracts in the U.S.
      • Figure 19.31. Performance contracts in the prequalification stage
  • 19.9. Procurement process for water and wastewater infrastructure
    • 19.9.1. Procurement models overview
      • Figure 19.32. Main procurement models in the U.S.
      • 19.9.1.1. Procurement regulations
    • 19.9.2. Procurement process outline
      • 19.9.2.1. Procurement process steps
    • 19.9.3. Project identification
    • 19.9.4. Project need
    • 19.9.5. Planning framework
    • 19.9.6. Where to look for new projects
      • 19.9.6.1. Grass-root identification of new projects
      • 19.9.6.2. Project databases and other printed documents
      • 19.9.6.3. Selection process of a design firm
    • 19.9.7. Technical specification and equipment selection
      • 19.9.7.1. Sole-sourcing practice
      • 19.9.7.2. Involvement of international companies
    • 19.9.8. Bidding process for construction and equipment services
      • 19.9.8.1. Evaluation of bids
      • 19.9.8.2. Project performance guarantees and risk allocation
    • 19.9.9. Procurement models trends
      • Figure 19.33. Market forecast by project delivery model
  • 19.10. Supply chain
    • 19.10.1. Design Firms
      • Figure 19.34. Major design firms active in the water and wastewater sector
      • 19.10.1.1. The role of local design firms
    • 19.10.2. Construction contractors
      • Figure 19.35. Major construction contractor firms active in the water and wastewater sector
    • 19.10.3. Private operators
      • Figure 19.36. Major regulated private water operators in the U.S.
      • Figure 19.37. Major non-regulated O&M private operators in the U.S.
    • 19.10.4. Equipment suppliers
      • Figure 19.38. Major U.S. equipment suppliers
      • 19.10.4.1. Equipment sales strategies
      • 19.10.4.2. The role and influence of sales reps
      • 19.10.4.3. New product market entry
  • 19.11. Current and future key projects
    • 19.11.1. Current projects
    • 19.11.2. Future projects
      • 19.11.2.1. WTP projects
      • 19.11.2.2. WWTP projects
      • 19.11.2.3. Desalination
      • 19.11.2.4. O&M outsourcing
  • 19.12. Future market directions
    • 19.12.1. Overview
    • 19.12.2. Notes on the market forecast
  • 19.13. Market forecast
    • Figure 19.39. Market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 19.40. Market forecast breakdown, 2013
    • Figure 19.41. Market forecast data, 2011-2018
    • Figure 19.42. Industrial markets, 2013-2017

20. Uruguay

  • 20.1. Main indicators
    • Figure 20.1. Population projections, 2010-2020
    • Figure 20.2. Economic indicators
  • 20.2. Water availability and demand
    • Figure 20.3. Water resources
    • Figure 20.4. Sectoral water withdrawal
  • 20.3. Municipal water
    • Figure 20.5. Water supply indicators
  • 20.4. Municipal wastewater
    • Figure 20.6. Wastewater indicators
  • 20.5. Private sector participation
    • Figure 20.7. Private contracts
  • 20.6. Market forecast
    • Figure 20.8. Market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 20.9. Market forecast breakdown, 2013
    • Figure 20.10. Market forecast data, 2011-2018

21. Venezuela

  • 21.1. Main indicators
    • Figure 21.1. Population projections, 2010-2020
    • Figure 21.2. Economic indicators
  • 21.2. Water availability and demand
    • Figure 21.3. Water resources
    • Figure 21.4. Sectoral water withdrawal
  • 21.3. Municipal water
    • Figure 21.5. Water supply indicators
    • Figure 21.6. Number of people connected to water network
    • Figure 21.7. Percentage of people connected to water network
    • Figure 21.8. Municipal water supply capacity
    • Figure 21.9. Meter coverage
  • 21.4. Municipal wastewater
    • Figure 21.10. Wastewater indicators
    • Figure 21.11. Percentage of people connected to wastewater network
    • Figure 21.12. Wastewater treated to secondary level
  • 21.5. Private sector participation
    • Figure 21.13. Private contracts
  • 21.6. Market forecast
    • Figure 21.14. Market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 21.15. Market forecast breakdown, 2013
    • Figure 21.16. Market forecast data, 2011-2018

Volume 2: Europe and Africa

22. Algeria

  • 22.1. Overview of indicators
    • Figure 22.1. Population projections, 2010-2020
    • Figure 22.2. Economic indicators
  • 22.2. Context and overview of challenges
  • 22.3. Water sector organisation and structure
    • 22.3.1. Government ministries and agencies
    • 22.3.2. Water and wastewater service providers
      • Figure 22.3. Institutional framework for water and wastewater provision in Algeria
      • Figure 22.4. Water and wastewater service provision in 2012 in Algeria, by service provider
      • 22.3.2.1. Public service providers
      • 22.3.2.2. Management contracts
        • Figure 22.5. Contracts for water and wastewater in Algeria's four largest cities
  • 22.4. Government's water strategy
    • 22.4.1. Five-year plan, 2010-2014
    • 22.4.2. The National Water Plan (Plan National de l'Eau, PNE)
  • 22.5. Water availability and demand
    • Figure 22.6. Water availability and demand in 2005 with projected data for 2025
    • 22.5.1. Water availability
      • Figure 22.7. Water availability indicators, 1999-2014
      • Figure 22.8. Water resources in Algeria, 2012
    • 22.5.2. Sectoral water demand
      • Figure 22.9. Sectoral water withdrawal
  • 22.6. Municipal water and wastewater
    • Figure 22.10. Water supply indicators
    • Figure 22.11. Wastewater indicators
    • 22.6.1. Water treatment
      • Figure 22.12. Largest WTPs in Algeria by design capacity, 2012
      • Figure 22.13. Frequency of water supply to the population, 1999-2011
    • 22.6.2. Desalination
      • Figure 22.14. Major desalination plants in Algeria
      • Figure 22.15. Small SWRO plants in Algeria, 2012
    • 22.6.3. Brackish water desalination
    • 22.6.4. Wastewater treatment
      • Figure 22.16. Major WWTPs by design capacity in Algeria, 2012
    • 22.6.5. Water reuse
      • Figure 22.17. Current and future reuse projects in Algeria
  • 22.7. Water finance
    • 22.7.1. Funding sources
      • 22.7.1.1. Tariffs
        • Figure 22.18. Current domestic water tariffs in Algeria
        • Figure 22.19. Current wastewater and other water tariffs in Algeria
    • 22.7.2. Capital expenditure
      • Figure 22.20. Water and wastewater investment plan, 2006-2025
      • Figure 22.21. Breakdown of investment within the water sector, 2006-2025
    • 22.7.3. Operating expenditure
      • Figure 22.22. ONA's operational expenditure by type of activity, October 2012
      • Figure 22.23. ONA's operational expenditure by type of expense, October 2012
  • 22.8. Private sector participation
    • 22.8.1. Management contracts
    • 22.8.2. Desalination
    • 22.8.3. O&M contracts
  • 22.9. Procurement process for water and wastewater infrastructure
    • 22.9.1. Project inception and specification
    • 22.9.2. Request for proposals
    • 22.9.3. Evaluation of bids
    • 22.9.4. Award and commissioning
    • 22.9.5. BOT desalination plants
      • Figure 22.24. Simplified BOT structure for desalination plant in Algeria
  • 22.10. Supply chain
    • 22.10.1. Consulting engineers
    • 22.10.2. Contractors
    • 22.10.3. Private operators
    • 22.10.4. Equipment suppliers
  • 22.11. Current and future key projects
    • 22.11.1. Current projects
    • 22.11.2. Future projects
      • 22.11.2.1. Desalination
        • Figure 22.25. Future Algerian desalination projects
      • 22.11.2.2. Wastewater
      • 22.11.2.3. Network upgrades
  • 22.12. Future market directions
    • 22.12.1. Skills and expertise
    • 22.12.2. O&M challenges
    • 22.12.3. Network solutions
    • 22.12.4. Notes on the market forecast
  • 22.13. Market forecast
    • Figure 22.26. Market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 22.27. Market forecast breakdown, 2013
    • Figure 22.28. Market forecast data, 2011-2018
    • Figure 22.29. Industrial markets, 2013-2017

23. Angola

  • 23.1. Main indicators
    • Figure 23.1. Population projections, 2010-2020
    • Figure 23.2. Economic indicators
  • 23.2. Water availability and demand
    • Figure 23.3. Water resources
    • Figure 23.4. Sectoral water withdrawal
  • 23.3. Municipal water
    • Figure 23.5. Water supply indicators
  • 23.4. Municipal wastewater
    • Figure 23.6. Wastewater indicators
    • Figure 23.7. Number of people connected to wastewater network
    • Figure 23.8. Percentage of people connected to wastewater network
  • 23.5. Market forecast
    • Figure 23.9. Market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 23.10. Market forecast breakdown, 2013
    • Figure 23.11. Market forecast data, 2011-2018

24. Austria

  • 24.1. Main indicators
    • Figure 24.1. Population projections, 2010-2020
    • Figure 24.2. Economic indicators
  • 24.2. Water availability and demand
    • Figure 24.3. Water resources
    • Figure 24.4. Sectoral water withdrawal
  • 24.3. Municipal water
    • Figure 24.5. Water supply indicators
  • 24.4. Municipal wastewater
    • Figure 24.6. Wastewater indicators
    • Figure 24.7. Number of people connected to wastewater network
    • Figure 24.8. Percentage of people connected to wastewater network
    • Figure 24.9. Wastewater treatment by technology
  • 24.5. Private sector participation
    • Figure 24.10. Private contracts
  • 24.6. Market forecast
    • Figure 24.11. Market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 24.12. Market forecast breakdown, 2013
    • Figure 24.13. Market forecast data, 2011-2018

25. Azerbaijan

  • 25.1. Main indicators
    • Figure 25.1. Population projections, 2010-2020
    • Figure 25.2. Economic indicators
  • 25.2. Water availability and demand
    • Figure 25.3. Water resources
    • Figure 25.4. Sectoral water withdrawal
  • 25.3. Municipal water
    • Figure 25.5. Water supply indicators
  • 25.4. Municipal wastewater
    • Figure 25.6. Wastewater indicators
  • 25.5. Private sector participation
    • Figure 25.7. Private contracts
  • 25.6. Market forecast
    • Figure 25.8. Market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 25.9. Market forecast breakdown, 2013
    • Figure 25.10. Market forecast data, 2011-2018

26. Belarus

  • 26.1. Main indicators
    • Figure 26.1. Population projections, 2010-2020
    • Figure 26.2. Economic indicators
  • 26.2. Water availability and demand
    • Figure 26.3. Water resources
    • Figure 26.4. Sectoral water withdrawal
  • 26.3. Municipal water
    • Figure 26.5. Water supply indicators
  • 26.4. Municipal wastewater
    • Figure 26.6. Wastewater indicators
  • 26.5. Market forecast
    • Figure 26.7. Market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 26.8. Market forecast breakdown, 2013
    • Figure 26.9. Market forecast data, 2011-2018

27. Belgium

  • 27.1. Main indicators
    • Figure 27.1. Population projections, 2010-2020
    • Figure 27.2. Economic indicators
  • 27.2. Water availability and demand
    • Figure 27.3. Water resources
    • Figure 27.4. Sectoral water withdrawal
  • 27.3. Municipal water
    • Figure 27.5. Water supply indicators
    • Figure 27.6. Number of people connected to water network
    • Figure 27.7. Percentage of people connected to water network
    • Figure 27.8. Number of water connections
    • Figure 27.9. Municipal water supply capacity
  • 27.4. Municipal wastewater
    • Figure 27.10. Wastewater indicators
    • Figure 27.11. Number of people connected to wastewater network
    • Figure 27.12. Number of wastewater connections
    • Figure 27.13. Percentage of people connected to wastewater network
    • Figure 27.14. Wastewater treated to secondary level
    • Figure 27.15. Wastewater treated to tertiary level
  • 27.5. Private sector participation
    • Figure 27.16. Private contracts
  • 27.6. Market forecast
    • Figure 27.17. Market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 27.18. Market forecast breakdown, 2013
    • Figure 27.19. Market forecast data, 2011-2018

28. Bulgaria

  • 28.1. Main indicators
    • Figure 28.1. Population projections, 2010-2020
    • Figure 28.2. Economic indicators
  • 28.2. Water availability and demand
    • Figure 28.3. Water resources
    • Figure 28.4. Sectoral water withdrawal
  • 28.3. Municipal water
    • Figure 28.5. Water supply indicators
  • 28.4. Municipal wastewater
    • Figure 28.6. Wastewater indicators
  • 28.5. Private sector participation
    • Figure 28.7. Private contracts
  • 28.6. Market forecast
    • Figure 28.8. Market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 28.9. Market forecast breakdown, 2013
    • Figure 28.10. Market forecast data, 2011-2018

29. Cameroon

  • 29.1. Main indicators
    • Figure 29.1. Population projections, 2010-2020
    • Figure 29.2. Economic indicators
  • 29.2. Water availability and demand
    • Figure 29.3. Water resources
    • Figure 29.4. Sectoral water withdrawal
  • 29.3. Municipal water
    • Figure 29.5. Water supply indicators
  • 29.4. Municipal wastewater
    • Figure 29.6. Wastewater indicators
  • 29.5. Private sector participation
    • Figure 29.7. Private contracts
  • 29.6. Market forecast
    • Figure 29.8. Market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 29.9. Market forecast breakdown, 2013
    • Figure 29.10. Market forecast data, 2011-2018

30. Côte d'Ivoire

  • 30.1. Main indicators
    • Figure 30.1. Population projections, 2010-2020
    • Figure 30.2. Economic indicators
  • 30.2. Water availability and demand
    • Figure 30.3. Water resources
    • Figure 30.4. Sectoral water withdrawal
  • 30.3. Municipal water
    • Figure 30.5. Water supply indicators
  • 30.4. Municipal wastewater
    • Figure 30.6. Wastewater indicators
  • 30.5. Private sector participation
    • Figure 30.7. Private contracts
  • 30.6. Market forecast
    • Figure 30.8. Market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 30.9. Market forecast breakdown, 2013
    • Figure 30.10. Market forecast data, 2011-2018

31. Croatia

  • 31.1. Main indicators
    • Figure 31.1. Population projections, 2010-2020
    • Figure 31.2. Economic indicators
  • 31.2. Water availability and demand
    • Figure 31.3. Water resources
    • Figure 31.4. Sectoral water withdrawal
  • 31.3. Municipal water
    • Figure 31.5. Water supply indicators
    • Figure 31.6. Number of water connections
    • Figure 31.7. Municipal water supply capacity
    • Figure 31.8. Non-revenue water
  • 31.4. Municipal wastewater
    • Figure 31.9. Wastewater indicators
    • Figure 31.10. Number of wastewater connections
    • Figure 31.11. Volume of wastewater produced
    • Figure 31.12. Wastewater collected
    • Figure 31.13. Wastewater treated to secondary level
    • Figure 31.14. Wastewater treated to tertiary level
  • 31.5. Private sector participation
    • Figure 31.15. Private contracts
  • 31.6. Market forecast
    • Figure 31.16. Market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 31.17. Market forecast breakdown, 2013
    • Figure 31.18. Market forecast data, 2011-2018

32. Cyprus

  • 32.1. Main indicators
    • Figure 32.1. Population projections, 2010-2020
    • Figure 32.2. Economic indicators
  • 32.2. Water availability and demand
    • Figure 32.3. Water resources
    • Figure 32.4. Sectoral water withdrawal
  • 32.3. Municipal water
    • Figure 32.5. Water supply indicators
    • Figure 32.6. Municipal water supply capacity
  • 32.4. Municipal wastewater
    • Figure 32.7. Wastewater indicators
    • Figure 32.8. Wastewater treatment by technology
  • 32.5. Private sector participation
    • Figure 32.9. Private contracts
  • 32.6. Market forecast
    • Figure 32.10. Market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 32.11. Market forecast breakdown, 2013
    • Figure 32.12. Market forecast data, 2011-2018

33. Czech Republic

  • 33.1. Main indicators
    • Figure 33.1. Population projections, 2010-2020
    • Figure 33.2. Economic indicators
  • 33.2. Water availability and demand
    • Figure 33.3. Water resources
    • Figure 33.4. Sectoral water withdrawal
  • 33.3. Municipal water
    • Figure 33.5. Water supply indicators
    • Figure 33.6. Number of people connected to water network
    • Figure 33.7. Percentage of people connected to water network
    • Figure 33.8. Municipal water supply capacity
    • Figure 33.9. Non-revenue water
  • 33.4. Municipal wastewater
    • Figure 33.10. Wastewater indicators
    • Figure 33.11. Number of people connected to wastewater network
    • Figure 33.12. Percentage of people connected to wastewater network
    • Figure 33.13. Volume of wastewater produced
  • 33.5. Private sector participation
    • Figure 33.14. Private contracts
  • 33.6. Market forecast
    • Figure 33.15. Market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 33.16. Market forecast breakdown, 2013
    • Figure 33.17. Market forecast data, 2011-2018

34. Denmark

  • 34.1. Main indicators
    • Figure 34.1. Population projections, 2010-2020
    • Figure 34.2. Economic indicators
  • 34.2. Water availability and demand
    • Figure 34.3. Water resources
    • Figure 34.4. Sectoral water withdrawal
  • 34.3. Municipal water
    • Figure 34.5. Water supply indicators
    • Figure 34.6. Municipal water supply capacity
  • 34.4. Municipal wastewater
    • Figure 34.7. Wastewater indicators
  • 34.5. Private sector participation
    • Figure 34.8. Private contracts
  • 34.6. Market forecast
    • Figure 34.9. Market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 34.10. Market forecast breakdown, 2013
    • Figure 34.11. Market forecast data, 2011-2018

35. Egypt

  • 35.1. Overview of indicators
    • Figure 35.1. Population projections, 2010-2020
    • Figure 35.2. Economic indicators
  • 35.2. Context and overview of challenges
  • 35.3. Water sector organisation and structure
    • 35.3.1. Government ministries and agencies
      • Figure 35.3. Hierarchy of water and wastewater organisations in Egypt
    • 35.3.2. Water and wastewater service providers
      • Figure 35.4. HCWW water and wastewater indicators
  • 35.4. Government's water strategy
    • 35.4.1. HCWW Master Plan for Water and Wastewater Sectors
    • 35.4.2. Water Policy and Regulatory Reform (WPRR) project
  • 35.5. Water availability and demand
    • 35.5.1. Water availability
      • Figure 35.5. Estimated water resources in Egypt, 2010/2011
    • 35.5.2. Sectoral water demand
      • Figure 35.6. Water use by sector in Egypt, 2007-2017
      • Figure 35.7. Estimated industrial water demand by sector in Egypt, 2017
  • 35.6. Municipal water and wastewater
    • 35.6.1. HCWW water production
      • Figure 35.8. HCWW water production breakdown, 2010
      • Figure 35.9. Water supply indicators
      • Figure 35.10. Wastewater indicators
    • 35.6.2. Water treatment
      • Figure 35.11. Improvement in water service in Egypt since 2005
      • Figure 35.12. Sample of WTPs operating in Egypt
    • 35.6.3. Desalination
      • Figure 35.13. Desalination production and use by sector in Egypt, 2011
      • Figure 35.14. Planned desalination plants by total capacity in four key governorates, 2017-2037
      • Figure 35.15. Estimated desalination investment required until 2037
      • Figure 35.16. Largest desalination plants in Egypt, 2012
    • 35.6.4. Wastewater treatment
      • Figure 35.17. Improvement in wastewater service since 2005
      • Figure 35.18. Largest WWTPs in Egypt, 2012
    • 35.6.5. Water reuse
      • Figure 35.19. Reuse of treated wastewater in Egypt, 2010
  • 35.7. Water finance
    • 35.7.1. Funding sources
      • 35.7.1.1. Tariffs
        • Figure 35.20. Tariff structure in Egypt, 2009/10
      • 35.7.1.2. Direct government subsidy
        • Figure 35.21. Government subsidy to water companies
      • 35.7.1.3. International funding
    • 35.7.2. Capital expenditure
      • Figure 35.22. Planned capital investment requirements in Egypt, 2012-2037
    • 35.7.3. Operating expenditure
  • 35.8. Private sector participation
    • 35.8.1. The Public-Private Partnership Law
  • 35.9. Procurement process for water and wastewater infrastructure
    • 35.9.1. Public tendering
    • 35.9.2. PPP projects
  • 35.10. Supply chain
    • 35.10.1. Consulting engineers
    • 35.10.2. Contractors
    • 35.10.3. Private operators
    • 35.10.4. Equipment suppliers
  • 35.11. Current and future key projects
    • 35.11.1. Current projects
    • 35.11.2. Future projects
  • 35.12. Future market directions
    • 35.12.1. Overview
    • 35.12.2. Notes on the market forecast
  • 35.13. Market forecast
    • Figure 35.23. Market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 35.24. Market forecast breakdown, 2013
    • Figure 35.25. Market forecast data, 2011-2018
    • Figure 35.26. Industrial markets, 2013-2017

36. Estonia

  • 36.1. Main indicators
    • Figure 36.1. Population projections, 2010-2020
    • Figure 36.2. Economic indicators
  • 36.2. Water availability and demand
    • Figure 36.3. Water resources
    • Figure 36.4. Sectoral water withdrawal
  • 36.3. Municipal water
    • Figure 36.5. Water supply indicators
    • Figure 36.6. Percentage of people connected to water network
  • 36.4. Municipal wastewater
    • Figure 36.7. Wastewater indicators
    • Figure 36.8. Percentage of people connected to wastewater network
    • Figure 36.9. Wastewater treatment by technology
  • 36.5. Private sector participation
    • Figure 36.10. Private contracts
  • 36.6. Market forecast
    • Figure 36.11. Market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 36.12. Market forecast breakdown, 2013
    • Figure 36.13. Market forecast data, 2011-2018

37. Ethiopia

  • 37.1. Main indicators
    • Figure 37.1. Population projections, 2010-2020
    • Figure 37.2. Economic indicators
  • 37.2. Water availability and demand
    • Figure 37.3. Water resources
    • Figure 37.4. Sectoral water withdrawal
  • 37.3. Municipal water
    • Figure 37.5. Water supply indicators
  • 37.4. Municipal wastewater
    • Figure 37.6. Wastewater indicators
  • 37.5. Market forecast
    • Figure 37.7. Market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 37.8. Market forecast breakdown, 2013
    • Figure 37.9. Market forecast data, 2011-2018

38. Finland

  • 38.1. Main indicators
    • Figure 38.1. Population projections, 2010-2020
    • Figure 38.2. Economic indicators
  • 38.2. Water availability and demand
    • Figure 38.3. Water resources
    • Figure 38.4. Sectoral water withdrawal
  • 38.3. Municipal water
    • Figure 38.5. Water supply indicators
  • 38.4. Municipal wastewater
    • Figure 38.6. Wastewater indicators
    • Figure 38.7. Percentage of people connected to wastewater network
    • Figure 38.8. Wastewater treatment by technology
  • 38.5. Market forecast
    • Figure 38.9. Market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 38.10. Market forecast breakdown, 2013
    • Figure 38.11. Market forecast data, 2011-2018

39. France

  • 39.1. Overview of indicators
    • Figure 39.1. Population projections, 2010-2020
    • Figure 39.2. Economic indicators
  • 39.2. Context and overview of challenges
  • 39.3. Water sector organisation and structure
    • 39.3.1. Government ministries and agencies
      • Figure 39.3. Government ministries and agencies
      • Figure 39.4. Map of the six French water agencies
    • 39.3.2. Local authorities
    • 39.3.3. Direct management
      • Figure 39.5. Direct/régie management
    • 39.3.4. Delegated management
      • Figure 39.6. Lease contract
      • Figure 39.7. Concession contract
    • 39.3.5. Water and wastewater service providers
      • Figure 39.8. Distribution of water services by service type, 2012
      • Figure 39.9. Distribution of sanitation services by service type, 2012
  • 39.4. Government's water strategy
    • 39.4.1. Decrease in drinking water consumption
      • Figure 39.10. Evolution of drinking water consumption, 1998-2008
    • 39.4.2. Position towards the European legislative framework
    • 39.4.3. Specific governmental plans
    • 39.4.4. Network renewal
      • Figure 39.11. Characteristics of the water and wastewater networks in France, 2008
  • 39.5. Water availability and demand
    • 39.5.1. Water availability
      • Figure 39.12. Water resources, 2011
    • 39.5.2. Sectoral water demand
      • Figure 39.13. Annual water withdrawals by end user, 2006-2009
      • Figure 39.14. Withdrawals from surface water and groundwater by sector, 2009
  • 39.6. Municipal water and wastewater
    • Figure 39.15. Water supply indicators
    • Figure 39.16. Wastewater indicators
    • 39.6.1. Water treatment
      • Figure 39.17. Drinking water production capacity by WTP size, 2007
      • Figure 39.18. Drinking water production capacity by treatment type, 2007
      • Figure 39.19. Major WTPs in France
    • 39.6.2. Desalination
    • 39.6.3. Wastewater treatment
      • Figure 39.20. Treatment capacity of municipal WWTPs, 2008
      • Figure 39.21. Breakdown of municipal WWTPs according to treatment level, 2008
      • Figure 39.22. Major WWTPs in France
    • 39.6.4. Water reuse
      • Figure 39.23. Treatment capacity of selected reuse projects, 2009
      • Figure 39.24. Distribution of reuse projects by treatment capacity, 2009
  • 39.7. Water finance
    • 39.7.1. Funding sources
      • Figure 39.25. Total value of collected water bills, 2006-2009
    • 39.7.2. Tariffs
      • 39.7.2.1. Water tariff composition
        • Figure 39.26. Typical water tariff composition
      • 39.7.2.2. Water billing distribution
        • Figure 39.27. Distribution of water bills by recipient, 2006-2009
        • Figure 39.28. Distribution of wastewater bills by recipient, 2006-2009
    • 39.7.3. Capital expenditure
      • 39.7.3.1. Capital expenditure for water infrastructure
        • Figure 39.29. Investment in water infrastructure in France, 2005-2010
      • 39.7.3.2. Capital expenditure in wastewater infrastructure
        • Figure 39.30. Capital expenditure on wastewater infrastructure in France, 2005-2010
        • Figure 39.31. Capital expenditure on collective sanitation in France, 2005-2010
    • 39.7.4. Operating expenditure
      • 39.7.4.1. Operating expenditure on water infrastructure
        • Figure 39.32. Water operating expenditure in France, 2005-2010
      • 39.7.4.2. Operating expenditure in wastewater infrastructure
        • Figure 39.33. Wastewater operating expenditure in France, 2005-2010
        • Figure 39.34. Collective sanitation operating expenditure in France, 2005-2010
  • 39.8. Private sector participation
    • 39.8.1. Facts and figures
      • Figure 39.35. Distribution of water services according to management type, 2009
      • Figure 39.36. Distribution of sanitation services according to management type, 2009
    • 39.8.2. A business model in decline
      • Figure 39.37. Water concession contracts held by private operators in major French cities, 2012
    • 39.8.3. Consequences
  • 39.9. Procurement process for water and wastewater infrastructure
    • 39.9.1. Overview of the procurement process
    • 39.9.2. How the market works
    • 39.9.3. Market penetration
  • 39.10. Supply chain
    • 39.10.1. Consulting engineers
      • Figure 39.38. Main consulting engineers active in the water and wastewater market
    • 39.10.2. Contractors
    • 39.10.3. Overview of the sector
      • Figure 39.39. EPC contractors active in the water and wastewater market
    • 39.10.4. Relationship between EPC contractors and equipment suppliers
      • Figure 39.40. Relationships between EPC contractors and equipment suppliers
    • 39.10.5. Private operators
      • Figure 39.41. Breakdown of water services by operator, 2008-2010
      • Figure 39.42. Breakdown of wastewater services by operator, 2008-2010
      • Figure 39.43. Operators active in water and wastewater market
    • 39.10.6. Equipment suppliers
      • Figure 39.44. Large equipment suppliers active in the water and wastewater market, 2011
      • Figure 39.45. Independent equipment suppliers in the water and wastewater market
  • 39.11. Current and future key projects
    • 39.11.1. Current projects
    • 39.11.2. Future projects
      • Figure 39.46. WWTPs in need of refurbishment, 2013-2018
      • Figure 39.47. WWTPs in need for refurbishment with design capacities >10,000 PE, 2013-2015
  • 39.12. Future market directions
    • 39.12.1. Overview
    • 39.12.2. Notes on the market forecast
  • 39.13. Market forecast
    • Figure 39.48. Market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 39.49. Market forecast breakdown, 2013
    • Figure 39.50. Market forecast data, 2011-2018
    • Figure 39.51. Industrial markets, 2013-2017

40. Germany

  • 40.1. Overview of indicators
    • Figure 40.1. Population projections, 2010-2020
    • Figure 40.2. Economic indicators
  • 40.2. Context and overview of challenges
  • 40.3. Water sector organisation and structure
    • 40.3.1. Federal ministries and agencies
    • 40.3.2. State water authorities
    • 40.3.3. Local authorities
    • 40.3.4. Water and wastewater service providers
      • Figure 40.3. Organisational forms in the German water and wastewater sector
      • Figure 40.4. Organisational forms in the water production and distribution sector, 1997-2008
      • Figure 40.5. Distribution of water utilities by state, 2010
    • 40.3.4.1. Wastewater service providers
      • Figure 40.6. Organisational forms in the wastewater sector, 1997-2009
      • Figure 40.7. Distribution of wastewater utilities by state, 2007
  • 40.4. Government's water strategy
  • 40.5. Water availability and demand
    • 40.5.1. Water availability
      • Figure 40.8. Water resources, 2011
    • 40.5.2. Sectoral water demand
      • Figure 40.9. Sectoral water demand, 1990-2010
  • 40.6. Municipal water and wastewater
    • Figure 40.10. Water supply indicators
    • Figure 40.11. Wastewater indicators
    • 40.6.1. Water treatment
      • Figure 40.12. Sources of drinking water, 2010
      • Figure 40.13. Water distribution losses, 1991-2010
      • Figure 40.14. Evolution of per capita daily water consumption, 1990-2011
      • Figure 40.15. Distribution of WTPs by state, 2010
    • 40.6.2. Desalination
    • 40.6.3. Wastewater treatment
      • Figure 40.16. Distribution of WWTPs by state, 2007
    • 40.6.4. Water reuse
      • Figure 40.17. Water use in the top 5 water intensive industries, 2007
  • 40.7. Water finance
    • 40.7.1. Funding sources
      • 40.7.1.1. Tariffs
        • Figure 40.18. Drinking water and wastewater annual expenditure, 2000-2010
    • 40.7.2. Capital expenditure
      • Figure 40.19. Water supply capital expenditure, 1990-2010
      • Figure 40.20. Water capital expenditure breakdown, 2010
      • Figure 40.21. Distribution of different types of investments in wastewater treatment, 2011
      • 40.7.2.1. Future investments
    • 40.7.3. Operating expenditure
      • Figure 40.22. Cost structure of water supply, 2008-2010
      • Figure 40.23. Cost structure of wastewater supply, 2008-2010
  • 40.8. Private sector participation
    • 40.8.1. Models for private sector participation
      • 40.8.1.1. Public-private partnerships
      • 40.8.1.2. Concession agreements
  • 40.9. Procurement process for water and wastewater infrastructure
    • 40.9.1. Characteristics of the German procurement process
      • 40.9.1.1. Overview of the procurement process
      • 40.9.1.2. Particular influence of European regulation
      • 40.9.1.3. Federalism and the “Mittelstand” spirit
    • 40.9.2. Importance of professional associations
      • 40.9.2.1. Overview of professional associations
        • Figure 40.24. Comparison between the DVGW and the DWA
      • 40.9.2.2. Role of professional associations
      • 40.9.2.3. Market penetration
  • 40.10. Supply chain
    • 40.10.1. Consulting engineers
      • Figure 40.25. Implementation of main consulting engineers
    • 40.10.2. Contractors
      • 40.10.2.1. Krüger Wabag GmbH
      • 40.10.2.2. WTE Wassertechnik
      • 40.10.2.3. SH+E Group
        • Figure 40.26. Structure of the SH+E Group
      • 40.10.2.4. Von Roll BHU Umwelttechnik GmbH
    • 40.10.3. Private operators
      • 40.10.3.1. REMONDIS Aqua GmbH & Co. KG/ Eurawasser Aufbereitungs- und Entsorgungs GmbH
        • Figure 40.27. Operation contracts undertaken by REMONDIS Aqua
        • Figure 40.28. Operation contracts undertaken by EURAWASSER
      • 40.10.3.2. Gelsenwasser AG
        • Figure 40.29. Participations of Gelsenwasser AG
    • 40.10.4. Equipment suppliers
      • 40.10.4.1. Small integrators
        • Figure 40.30. Small integrators in the German market
      • 40.10.4.2. Equipment and components suppliers
        • Figure 40.31. Equipment suppliers in Germany
      • 40.10.4.3. Concrete elements suppliers
  • 40.11. Current and future key projects
  • 40.12. Future market directions
    • 40.12.1. Overview
    • 40.12.2. Notes on the market forecast
  • 40.13. Market forecast
    • Figure 40.32. Market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 40.33. Market forecast breakdown, 2013
    • Figure 40.34. Market forecast data, 2011-2018
    • Figure 40.35. Industrial markets, 2013-2017

41. Ghana

  • 41.1. Main indicators
    • Figure 41.1. Population projections, 2010-2020
    • Figure 41.2. Economic indicators
  • 41.2. Water availability and demand
    • Figure 41.3. Water resources
    • Figure 41.4. Sectoral water withdrawal
  • 41.3. Municipal water
    • Figure 41.5. Water supply indicators
  • 41.4. Municipal wastewater
    • Figure 41.6. Wastewater indicators
  • 41.5. Private sector participation
    • Figure 41.7. Private contracts
  • 41.6. Market forecast
    • Figure 41.8. Market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 41.9. Market forecast breakdown, 2013
    • Figure 41.10. Market forecast data, 2011-2018

42. Greece

  • 42.1. Main indicators
    • Figure 42.1. Population projections, 2010-2020
    • Figure 42.2. Economic indicators
  • 42.2. Water availability and demand
    • Figure 42.3. Water resources
    • Figure 42.4. Sectoral water withdrawal
  • 42.3. Municipal water
    • Figure 42.5. Water supply indicators
    • Figure 42.6. Number of people connected to water network
    • Figure 42.7. Percentage of people connected to water network
    • Figure 42.8. Municipal water supply capacity
  • 42.4. Municipal wastewater
    • Figure 42.9. Wastewater indicators
    • Figure 42.10. Number of people connected to wastewater network
    • Figure 42.11. Percentage of people connected to wastewater network
    • Figure 42.12. Wastewater treated to secondary level
    • Figure 42.13. Wastewater treated to tertiary level
  • 42.5. Private sector participation
    • Figure 42.14. Private contracts
  • 42.6. Market forecast
    • Figure 42.15. Market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 42.16. Market forecast breakdown, 2013
    • Figure 42.17. Market forecast data, 2011-2018

43. Hungary

  • 43.1. Main indicators
    • Figure 43.1. Population projections, 2010-2020
    • Figure 43.2. Economic indicators
  • 43.2. Water availability and demand
    • Figure 43.3. Water resources
    • Figure 43.4. Sectoral water withdrawal
  • 43.3. Municipal water
    • Figure 43.5. Water supply indicators
    • Figure 43.6. Number of people connected to water network
    • Figure 43.7. Percentage of people connected to water network
    • Figure 43.8. Number of water connections
    • Figure 43.9. Municipal water supply capacity
    • Figure 43.10. Meter coverage
  • 43.4. Municipal wastewater
    • Figure 43.11. Wastewater indicators
    • Figure 43.12. Number of wastewater connections
    • Figure 43.13. Wastewater treated to secondary level
    • Figure 43.14. Wastewater treated to tertiary level
  • 43.5. Private sector participation
    • Figure 43.15. Private contracts
  • 43.6. Market forecast
    • Figure 43.16. Market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 43.17. Market forecast breakdown, 2013
    • Figure 43.18. Market forecast data, 2011-2018

44. Ireland

  • 44.1. Main indicators
    • Figure 44.1. Population projections, 2010-2020
    • Figure 44.2. Economic indicators
  • 44.2. Water availability and demand
    • Figure 44.3. Water resources
    • Figure 44.4. Sectoral water withdrawal
  • 44.3. Municipal water
    • Figure 44.5. Water supply indicators
  • 44.4. Municipal wastewater
    • Figure 44.6. Wastewater indicators
    • Figure 44.7. Volume of wastewater produced
    • Figure 44.8. Wastewater collected
    • Figure 44.9. Wastewater treated to secondary level
    • Figure 44.10. Wastewater treated to tertiary level
    • Figure 44.11. Wastewater treatment by technology
  • 44.5. Private sector participation
    • Figure 44.12. Private contracts
  • 44.6. Market forecast
    • Figure 44.13. Market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 44.14. Market forecast breakdown, 2013
    • Figure 44.15. Market forecast data, 2011-2018

45. Italy

  • 45.1. Overview of indicators
    • Figure 45.1. Population projections, 2010-2020
    • Figure 45.2. Economic indicators
  • 45.2. Context and overview of challenges
  • 45.3. Water sector organisation and structure
    • Figure 45.3. Government ministries and agencies responsible for the water sector in Italy
    • 45.3.1. Government ministries and agencies
    • 45.3.2. Local authorities
    • 45.3.3. Concession
    • 45.3.4. Water and wastewater service providers
      • Figure 45.4. Map of the awarded concession in Italy, 2010
      • Figure 45.5. Number of entrusted operators of the SII by type of company, 2009
  • 45.4. Government's water strategy
  • 45.5. Water availability and demand
    • 45.5.1. Water availability
      • Figure 45.6. Water resources in Italy, 2011
    • 45.5.2. Sectoral water demand
      • Figure 45.7. Annual water withdrawals by end user, 1999
  • 45.6. Municipal water and wastewater
    • Figure 45.8. Average age of works of the water supply system, 2009
    • Figure 45.9. Water supply indicators
    • Figure 45.10. Wastewater indicators
    • 45.6.1. Water treatment
      • Figure 45.11. Drinking water production capacity by region, 2008
      • Figure 45.12. No. of water supply systems by volume of water withdrawn and prevailing water source, 1999
      • Figure 45.13. Major WTPs in Italy
    • 45.6.2. Desalination
      • Figure 45.14. Largest desalination plants in Italy
    • 45.6.3. Wastewater treatment
      • Figure 45.15. Treatment capacity of municipal WWTPs in Italy, 2008
      • Figure 45.16. Number of municipal WWTPs by treatment level in Italy, 2008
      • Figure 45.17. Major WWTPs in Italy
    • 45.6.4. Water reuse
  • 45.7. Water finance
    • 45.7.1. Funding sources
    • 45.7.2. Tariffs
      • 45.7.2.1. Water tariff until 2012
        • Figure 45.18. Average water and wastewater service tariff for a consumption of 200 m3 by region, 2010
        • Figure 45.19. Average percentage composition of the SII tariff for a consumption of 200 m3/yr, 2010
      • 45.7.2.2. New tariff method
    • 45.7.3. Capital expenditure
      • Figure 45.20. Planned capital investments by geographical area in Italy, 2010-2039
      • Figure 45.21. Investments in the water and wastewater sectors by region, 1999-2009
    • 45.7.4. Operating expenditure
      • Figure 45.22. Operating costs and revenues, 2007-2010
  • 45.8. Private sector participation
    • 45.8.1. Private participation in water service
      • Figure 45.23. Examples of public-private operators of the SII in Italy
    • 45.8.2. Private financing in the Italian water market
      • Figure 45.24. Examples of private financing in the Italian water market
  • 45.9. Procurement process for water and wastewater infrastructure
    • 45.9.1. Overview
      • 45.9.1.1. Regulatory framework
      • 45.9.1.2. Procurement models
        • Figure 45.25. Summary of procurement models in Italy
    • 45.9.2. Procurement stages
      • 45.9.2.1. Tender
        • Figure 45.26. Requested documents for tender participation
      • 45.9.2.2. Evaluation of bids
  • 45.10. Supply chain
    • 45.10.1. Consulting engineers
    • 45.10.2. Contractors
      • Figure 45.27. Contractors active in the large water and wastewater project market in Italy
    • 45.10.3. Private operators
      • Figure 45.28. Private operators of the SII in Italy
    • 45.10.4. Equipment suppliers
      • Figure 45.29. Large equipment suppliers active in the Italian water and wastewater market
  • 45.11. Current and future key projects
    • 45.11.1. Current projects
      • Figure 45.30. Current projects in the Italian water sector
    • 45.11.2. Future projects
      • Figure 45.31. Future projects in the Italian water sector
  • 45.12. Future market directions
    • 45.12.1. Overview
    • 45.12.2. Notes on the market forecast
  • 45.13. Market forecast
    • Figure 45.32. Market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 45.33. Market forecast breakdown, 2013
    • Figure 45.34. Market forecast data, 2011-2018
    • Figure 45.35. Industrial markets, 2013-2017

46. Kazakhstan

  • 46.1. Main indicators
    • Figure 46.1. Population projections, 2010-2020
    • Figure 46.2. Economic indicators
  • 46.2. Water availability and demand
    • Figure 46.3. Water resources
    • Figure 46.4. Sectoral water withdrawal
  • 46.3. Municipal water
    • Figure 46.5. Water supply indicators
  • 46.4. Municipal wastewater
    • Figure 46.6. Wastewater indicators
  • 46.5. Private sector participation
    • Figure 46.7. Private contracts
  • 46.6. Market forecast
    • Figure 46.8. Market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 46.9. Market forecast breakdown, 2013
    • Figure 46.10. Market forecast data, 2011-2018

47. Kenya

  • 47.1. Main indicators
    • Figure 47.1. Population projections, 2010-2020
    • Figure 47.2. Economic indicators
  • 47.2. Water availability and demand
    • Figure 47.3. Water resources
    • Figure 47.4. Sectoral water withdrawal
  • 47.3. Municipal water
    • Figure 47.5. Water supply indicators
  • 47.4. Municipal wastewater
    • Figure 47.6. Wastewater indicators
  • 47.5. Private sector participation
    • Figure 47.7. Private contracts
  • 47.6. Market forecast
    • Figure 47.8. Market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 47.9. Market forecast breakdown, 2013
    • Figure 47.10. Market forecast data, 2011-2018

48. Latvia

  • 48.1. Main indicators
    • Figure 48.1. Population projections, 2010-2020
    • Figure 48.2. Economic indicators
  • 48.2. Water availability and demand
    • Figure 48.3. Water resources
    • Figure 48.4. Sectoral water withdrawal
  • 48.3. Municipal water
    • Figure 48.5. Water supply indicators
  • 48.4. Municipal wastewater
    • Figure 48.6. Wastewater indicators
    • Figure 48.7. Wastewater treatment by technology
  • 48.5. Market forecast
    • Figure 48.8. Market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 48.9. Market forecast breakdown, 2013
    • Figure 48.10. Market forecast data, 2011-2018

49. Lithuania

  • 49.1. Main indicators
    • Figure 49.1. Population projections, 2010-2020
    • Figure 49.2. Economic indicators
  • 49.2. Water availability and demand
    • Figure 49.3. Water resources
    • Figure 49.4. Sectoral water withdrawal
  • 49.3. Municipal water
    • Figure 49.5. Water supply indicators
  • 49.4. Municipal wastewater
    • Figure 49.6. Wastewater indicators
  • 49.5. Market forecast
    • Figure 49.7. Market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 49.8. Market forecast breakdown, 2013
    • Figure 49.9. Market forecast data, 2011-2018

50. Luxembourg

  • 50.1. Main indicators
    • Figure 50.1. Population projections, 2010-2020
    • Figure 50.2. Economic indicators
  • 50.2. Water availability and demand
    • Figure 50.3. Water resources
    • Figure 50.4. Sectoral water withdrawal
  • 50.3. Municipal water
    • Figure 50.5. Water supply indicators
    • Figure 50.6. Number of people connected to water network
    • Figure 50.7. Percentage of people connected to water network
    • Figure 50.8. Municipal water supply capacity
  • 50.4. Municipal wastewater
    • Figure 50.9. Wastewater indicators
    • Figure 50.10. Wastewater treatment by technology
  • 50.5. Market forecast
    • Figure 50.11. Market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 50.12. Market forecast breakdown, 2013
    • Figure 50.13. Market forecast data, 2011-2018

51. Netherlands

  • 51.1. Main indicators
    • Figure 51.1. Population projections, 2010-2020
    • Figure 51.2. Economic indicators
  • 51.2. Water availability and demand
    • Figure 51.3. Water resources
    • Figure 51.4. Sectoral water withdrawal
  • 51.3. Municipal water
    • Figure 51.5. Water supply indicators
    • Figure 51.6. Number of people connected to water network
    • Figure 51.7. Number of water connections
    • Figure 51.8. Municipal water supply capacity
    • Figure 51.9. Meter coverage
    • Figure 51.10. Non-revenue water
  • 51.4. Municipal wastewater
    • Figure 51.11. Wastewater indicators
    • Figure 51.12. Number of people connected to wastewater network
    • Figure 51.13. Wastewater treatment by technology
  • 51.5. Private sector participation
    • Figure 51.14. Private contracts
  • 51.6. Market forecast
    • Figure 51.15. Market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 51.16. Market forecast breakdown, 2013
    • Figure 51.17. Market forecast data, 2011-2018

52. Nigeria

  • 52.1. Overview of indicators
    • Figure 52.1. Population projections, 2010-2020
    • Figure 52.2. Economic indicators
  • 52.2. Context and overview of challenges
  • 52.3. Water sector organisation and structure
    • 52.3.1. Government ministries and agencies
      • 52.3.1.1. Federal level ministries and agencies
        • Figure 52.3. Federal government level ministries/agencies
      • 52.3.1.2. State and local level ministries and agencies
        • Figure 52.4. Standardised structure of state level government ministries/agencies
    • 52.3.2. Water and wastewater service providers
      • 52.3.2.1. Water service providers
        • Figure 52.5. Operational data for selected state water agencies and boards in Nigeria
        • Figure 52.6. IBNET state water agencies and boards benchmarking data, 2011
      • 52.3.2.2. Alternative water services
      • 52.3.2.3. Access to water
        • Figure 52.7. Urban and rural access to piped on premises water services, 1990-2008
      • 52.3.2.4. Wastewater service providers
        • Figure 52.8. Wastewater coverage in Abuja (FCT) and Lagos States
      • 52.3.2.5. Alternative wastewater services
  • 52.4. Government's water strategy
    • 52.4.1. Overview
      • Figure 52.9. Government expenditure on water, sanitation and hygiene, 2001-2008
      • Figure 52.10. Water and wastewater targets in Nigeria and their status of implementation
    • 52.4.2. Private sector partnership
    • 52.4.3. Investment plans
  • 52.5. Water availability and demand
    • 52.5.1. Water availability
      • Figure 52.11. Water resources
    • 52.5.2. Sectoral water demand
      • Figure 52.12. Annual water withdrawals by end user, 1998-2007
  • 52.6. Municipal water and wastewater
    • Figure 52.13. Water supply indicators
    • Figure 52.14. Wastewater indicators
    • 52.6.1. Water treatment
      • Figure 52.15. Major WTPs in Nigeria
    • 52.6.2. Desalination
      • Figure 52.16. Planned desalination projects in Lagos, Nigeria
    • 52.6.3. Wastewater treatment
      • 52.6.3.1. Access to sanitation
        • Figure 52.17. Urban and rural access to sanitation services in Nigeria, 1990-2008
      • 52.6.3.2. Wastewater treatment overview
      • 52.6.3.3. Wastewater treatment characteristics
        • Figure 52.18. Major WWTPs in Nigeria
    • 52.6.4. Water reuse
  • 52.7. Water finance
    • 52.7.1. Funding sources
      • Figure 52.19. Cost sharing and distribution for capital and O&M costs
      • 52.7.1.1. Tariffs
      • 52.7.1.2. Overview
      • 52.7.1.3. Water tariff structures
      • 52.7.1.4. Domestic water tariffs
        • Figure 52.20. Domestic water tariffs in selected states
      • 52.7.1.5. Industrial and commercial water tariffs
        • Figure 52.21. Industrial, commercial and institutional water tariffs in selected states
      • 52.7.1.6. Other funding sources
        • Figure 52.22. PSP funded projects at the federal level
    • 52.7.2. Capital expenditure
      • 52.7.2.1. Overview
      • 52.7.2.2. State level future capex plans
      • 52.7.2.3. Lagos Water Supply Plan 2010-2020
        • Figure 52.23. LWC short to long-term water production statistics, 2010-2020
        • Figure 52.24. Summary of capex implications, 2010-2020
      • 52.7.2.4. Ogun State water corporation investment plan 2010-2030
        • Figure 52.25. OGSWC capex breakdown for the immediate term
        • Figure 52.26. Capex breakdown in the medium- to long-term
      • 52.7.2.5. Lagos State wastewater infrastructural development plan 2011-2015
        • Figure 52.27. Map of Lagos wastewater infrastructural development plan 2011-2015
        • Figure 52.28. Five year breakdown of Lagos wastewater infrastructural plan
    • 52.7.3. Operating expenditure
      • Figure 52.29. Lagos Water Corporation opex, 2011-2012
  • 52.8. Private sector participation
    • 52.8.1. History and overview
      • Figure 52.30. Nigerian legislative framework governing PPPs
    • 52.8.2. Private sector participation contracts and financing
      • Figure 52.31. Federal and state level PPP projects
    • 52.8.3. State level private sector participation of the water sector
      • 52.8.3.1. Lagos State private sector participation
      • 52.8.3.2. Ogun State private sector participation
  • 52.9. Procurement process for water and wastewater infrastructure
    • Figure 52.32. Procurement process stages at federal and state levels
    • 52.9.1. Procurement models and financing structures
      • 52.9.1.1. Multi-lateral donor financing
    • 52.9.2. The tender process
      • 52.9.2.1. Market penetration
  • 52.10. Supply chain
    • 52.10.1. Consulting engineers
      • Figure 52.33. National and international water/wastewater sector consulting engineering firms
    • 52.10.2. Contractors
      • Figure 52.34. National and international water/wastewater sector contractors
    • 52.10.3. Private operators
    • 52.10.4. Equipment suppliers
      • Figure 52.35. Nigerian water/wastewater sector equipment suppliers
  • 52.11. Current and future key projects
    • 52.11.1. Current projects
    • 52.11.2. Future projects
  • 52.12. Future market directions
    • 52.12.1. Overview
    • 52.12.2. Planned expenditure
    • 52.12.3. Notes on the market forecast
  • 52.13. Market forecast
    • Figure 52.36. Market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 52.37. Market forecast breakdown, 2013
    • Figure 52.38. Market forecast data, 2011-2018
    • Figure 52.39. Industrial markets, 2013-2017

53. Norway

  • 53.1. Main indicators
    • Figure 53.1. Population projections, 2010-2020
    • Figure 53.2. Economic indicators
  • 53.2. Water availability and demand
    • Figure 53.3. Water resources
    • Figure 53.4. Sectoral water withdrawal
  • 53.3. Municipal water
    • Figure 53.5. Water supply indicators
    • Figure 53.6. Number of people connected to water network
    • Figure 53.7. Percentage of people connected to water network
    • Figure 53.8. Municipal water supply capacity
    • Figure 53.9. Meter coverage
    • Figure 53.10. Non-revenue water
  • 53.4. Municipal wastewater
    • Figure 53.11. Wastewater indicators
    • Figure 53.12. Number of people connected to wastewater network
    • Figure 53.13. Percentage of people connected to wastewater network
    • Figure 53.14. Volume of wastewater produced
    • Figure 53.15. Wastewater collected
    • Figure 53.16. Wastewater treatment by technology
  • 53.5. Private sector participation
    • Figure 53.17. Private contracts
  • 53.6. Market forecast
    • Figure 53.18. Market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 53.19. Market forecast breakdown, 2013
    • Figure 53.20. Market forecast data, 2011-2018

54. Poland

  • 54.1. Main indicators
    • Figure 54.1. Population projections, 2010-2020
    • Figure 54.2. Economic indicators
  • 54.2. Water availability and demand
    • Figure 54.3. Water resources
    • Figure 54.4. Sectoral water withdrawal
  • 54.3. Municipal water
    • Figure 54.5. Water supply indicators
    • Figure 54.6. Number of people connected to water network
    • Figure 54.7. Percentage of people connected to water network
    • Figure 54.8. Number of water connections
    • Figure 54.9. Municipal water supply capacity
    • Figure 54.10. Non-revenue water
  • 54.4. Municipal wastewater
    • Figure 54.11. Wastewater indicators
    • Figure 54.12. Number of people connected to wastewater network
    • Figure 54.13. Number of wastewater connections
    • Figure 54.14. Percentage of people connected to wastewater network
    • Figure 54.15. Volume of wastewater produced
    • Figure 54.16. Wastewater collected
    • Figure 54.17. Wastewater treated to secondary level
    • Figure 54.18. Wastewater treated to tertiary level
    • Figure 54.19. Wastewater treatment by technology
  • 54.5. Private sector participation
    • Figure 54.20. Private contracts
  • 54.6. Market forecast
    • Figure 54.21. Market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 54.22. Market forecast breakdown, 2013
    • Figure 54.23. Market forecast data, 2011-2018

55. Portugal

  • 55.1. Main indicators
    • Figure 55.1. Population projections, 2010-2020
    • Figure 55.2. Economic indicators
  • 55.2. Water availability and demand
    • Figure 55.3. Water resources
    • Figure 55.4. Sectoral water withdrawal
  • 55.3. Municipal water
    • Figure 55.5. Water supply indicators
    • Figure 55.6. Number of people connected to water network
    • Figure 55.7. Percentage of people connected to water network
    • Figure 55.8. Municipal water supply capacity
  • 55.4. Municipal wastewater
    • Figure 55.9. Wastewater indicators
    • Figure 55.10. Percentage of people connected to wastewater network
    • Figure 55.11. Wastewater collected
    • Figure 55.12. Wastewater treatment by technology
  • 55.5. Private sector participation
    • Figure 55.13. Private contracts
  • 55.6. Market forecast
    • Figure 55.14. Market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 55.15. Market forecast breakdown, 2013
    • Figure 55.16. Market forecast data, 2011-2018

56. Romania

  • 56.1. Overview of indicators
    • Figure 56.1. Population projections, 2010-2020
    • Figure 56.2. Economic indicators
  • 56.2. Context and overview of challenges
  • 56.3. Water sector organisation and structure
    • 56.3.1. Government ministries and agencies
      • Figure 56.3. The government ministries and agencies responsible for the water sector in Romania, 2012
    • 56.3.2. Local authorities
    • 56.3.3. Water and wastewater service providers
      • Figure 56.4. Number of people served by regional utilities in Romania, 2009-2010
      • Figure 56.5. Major regional utilities in Romania by number of inhabitants served, 2010
  • 56.4. Government's water strategy
  • 56.5. Water availability and demand
    • 56.5.1. Water availability
      • Figure 56.6. Water availability in Romania by source, 2011
    • 56.5.2. Sectoral water demand
      • Figure 56.7. Romanian water demand and withdrawal by activity, 2011
  • 56.6. Municipal water and wastewater
    • Figure 56.8. Water supply indicators
    • Figure 56.9. Wastewater indicators
    • 56.6.1. Water treatment
      • Figure 56.10. Major WTPs in Romania, 2013
    • 56.6.2. Desalination
    • 56.6.3. Wastewater treatment
      • Figure 56.11. Number of existing WWTPs in Romania by treatment type, 2005
      • Figure 56.12. Number of agglomerations with respective population equivalents (PE), 2005
      • Figure 56.13. Major WWTPs in Romania's 10 largest cities, 2013
    • 56.6.4. Water reuse
  • 56.7. Water finance
    • 56.7.1. Funding sources
      • 56.7.1.1. Tariffs
        • Figure 56.14. The structure of the water tariff in Romania, 2011
        • Figure 56.15. The lowest, highest and average water and wastewater tariff in Romania, 2011
      • 56.7.1.2. EU funding
    • 56.7.2. Capital expenditure
    • 56.7.3. Operating expenditure
      • Figure 56.16. Total revenues and expenses for regional utilities, 2009 and 2010
      • Figure 56.17. Largest utilities in Romania by revenues and expenses, 2010
  • 56.8. Private sector participation
    • 56.8.1. Private capital investment
    • 56.8.2. Operations and maintenance
  • 56.9. Procurement process for water and wastewater infrastructure
    • 56.9.1. Overview
    • 56.9.2. Procurement models for PSP
      • Figure 56.18. Procurement models for PSP
    • 56.9.3. The tender process
      • 56.9.3.1. Project inception and specification
      • 56.9.3.2. Prequalification process and request for bids
      • 56.9.3.3. Evaluation of bids
      • 56.9.3.4. Award and commissioning
  • 56.10. Supply chain
    • 56.10.1. Consulting engineers
      • Figure 56.19. Major consulting engineers, 2010-2013
    • 56.10.2. Contractors
      • Figure 56.20. Major contractors in Romania, 2010-2013
    • 56.10.3. Private operators
    • 56.10.4. Equipment suppliers
  • 56.11. Current and future key projects
    • 56.11.1. Current projects
    • 56.11.2. Future projects
      • Figure 56.21. Major projects under preparation, 2012
  • 56.12. Future market directions
    • 56.12.1. Overview
    • 56.12.2. Potential new directions
    • 56.12.3. Planned expenditure
    • 56.12.4. Notes on the forecast
  • 56.13. Market forecast
    • Figure 56.22. Market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 56.23. Market forecast breakdown, 2013
    • Figure 56.24. Market forecast data, 2011-2018
    • Figure 56.25. Industrial markets, 2013-2017

57. Russian Federation

  • 57.1. Overview of indicators
    • Figure 57.1. Population projections, 2010-2020
    • Figure 57.2. Economic indicators
  • 57.2. Context and overview of challenges
  • 57.3. Water sector organisation and structure
    • 57.3.1. Government ministries and agencies
      • Figure 57.3. Main government ministries and agencies related to the water sector in the Russian Federation
    • 57.3.2. Regional authorities (subordinate entities of the Russian Federation)
    • 57.3.3. Local authorities
    • 57.3.4. Water and wastewater service providers
      • 57.3.4.1. Major water and wastewater service providers in the Russian Federation
        • Figure 57.4. Major water and wastewater service providers in the Russian Federation, 2011
      • 57.3.4.2. Private operators of utilities
        • Figure 57.5. Market share of private operators in the Russian Federation, 2011
        • Figure 57.6. Major private operators of utilities in the Russian Federation, 2011
  • 57.4. Government's water strategy
    • Figure 57.7. Water strategy of the Russian Federation, 2009-2020
    • 57.4.1. Main federal water programmes
      • 57.4.1.1. FCP Clean Water
        • Figure 57.8. Projected target indicators of the FCP Clean Water programme for the period 2011-2017
      • 57.4.1.2. Development of Water Utilisation Systems of the Russian Federation for the period 2012-2020
        • Figure 57.9. Targets and measures for lowering negative human impacts on water resources, 2012
    • 57.4.2. Other federal water programmes
      • Figure 57.10. Target indicators of FCP Modernisation of Municipal Infrastructure Objects, 2011-2015
  • 57.5. Water availability and demand
    • 57.5.1. Water availability
      • Figure 57.11. Water resources in the Russian Federation
    • 57.5.2. Sectoral water demand
      • Figure 57.12. Water use by sector in the Russian Federation, 2000-2011
      • Figure 57.13. Detailed sectoral water withdrawal in the Russian Federation, 2011
  • 57.6. Municipal water and wastewater
    • Figure 57.14. Water supply to various consumers connected to the water supply network, 2011
    • Figure 57.15. Wastewater collected from wastewater network, 2011
    • Figure 57.16. Water supply indicators
    • Figure 57.17. Wastewater indicators
    • 57.6.1. Water treatment
      • Figure 57.18. Major Russian municipal WTPs by design capacity, 2012
    • 57.6.2. Desalination
    • 57.6.3. Wastewater treatment
      • Figure 57.19. Major WWTPs in the Russian Federation by design capacity, 2012
    • 57.6.4. Water reuse
  • 57.7. Water finance
    • 57.7.1. Funding sources
      • 57.7.1.1. Tariffs
        • Figure 57.20. Current procedure for setting tariffs in the Russian Federation, 2012
        • Figure 57.21. Water and wastewater tariffs in the main Russian cities including VAT (18%), 2012
    • 57.7.2. Capital expenditure
      • Figure 57.22. Deterioration levels of the key components of Russian vodokanal infrastructure, 2011
      • 57.7.2.1. Budget investments
        • Figure 57.23. Priority investment projects supported by the IF in municipal water and wastewater sectors, 2012
        • Figure 57.24. Investments in municipal water and wastewater within the main federal programmes
      • 57.7.2.2. Extra-budgetary investments
        • Figure 57.25. EBRD activities regarding municipal environmental infrastructure, 2012
    • 57.7.3. Operating expenditure
      • Figure 57.26. Breakdown of total operating expenditure, 2011
      • Figure 57.27. Operating costs of the largest vodokanals for water supply, 2011
      • Figure 57.28. Operating costs of the largest vodokanals for wastewater disposal, 2011
  • 57.8. Private sector participation
    • Figure 57.29. Federal private operators
    • 57.8.1. Legislative framework of PPP
      • Figure 57.30. Investments in municipal water & ww projects under the Clean Water programme 2011-2017
  • 57.9. Procurement process for water and wastewater infrastructure
    • 57.9.1. Projects procured under federal law No.94-FZ
    • 57.9.2. Projects procured under federal law No.223-FZ
    • 57.9.3. Projects procured under federal law No.115-FZ
    • 57.9.4. Project inception and specification
    • 57.9.5. Procurement models
      • 57.9.5.1. Procurement of projects financed by International Financial Institutions (IFIs)
    • 57.9.6. The tender process
    • 57.9.7. Evaluation of bids
  • 57.10. Supply chain
    • 57.10.1. Consulting engineers
    • 57.10.2. Contractors
    • 57.10.3. Private operators
      • Figure 57.31. JSC Mosvodokanal WTP & WWTP projects based on BOOT model
    • 57.10.4. Equipment suppliers
  • 57.11. Current and future key projects
    • 57.11.1. Current projects
    • 57.11.2. Future projects
  • 57.12. Future market directions
    • 57.12.1. Overview
    • 57.12.2. Notes on the market forecast
  • 57.13. Market forecast
    • Figure 57.32. Market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 57.33. Market forecast breakdown, 2013
    • Figure 57.34. Market forecast data, 2011-2018
    • Figure 57.35. Industrial markets, 2013-2017

58. Serbia

  • 58.1. Main indicators
    • Figure 58.1. Population projections, 2010-2020
    • Figure 58.2. Economic indicators
  • 58.2. Water availability and demand
    • Figure 58.3. Water resources
    • Figure 58.4. Sectoral water withdrawal
  • 58.3. Municipal water
    • Figure 58.5. Water supply indicators
    • Figure 58.6. Number of people connected to water network
    • Figure 58.7. Percentage of people connected to water network
    • Figure 58.8. Number of water connections
    • Figure 58.9. Municipal water supply capacity
    • Figure 58.10. Meter coverage
    • Figure 58.11. Non-revenue water
  • 58.4. Municipal wastewater
    • Figure 58.12. Wastewater indicators
    • Figure 58.13. Number of people connected to wastewater network
    • Figure 58.14. Number of wastewater connections
    • Figure 58.15. Percentage of people connected to wastewater network
    • Figure 58.16. Volume of wastewater produced
    • Figure 58.17. Wastewater collected
    • Figure 58.18. Wastewater treated to secondary level
    • Figure 58.19. Wastewater treated to tertiary level
    • Figure 58.20. Wastewater treatment by technology
  • 58.5. Market forecast
    • Figure 58.21. Market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 58.22. Market forecast breakdown, 2013
    • Figure 58.23. Market forecast data, 2011-2018

59. Slovakia

  • 59.1. Main indicators
    • Figure 59.1. Population projections, 2010-2020
    • Figure 59.2. Economic indicators
  • 59.2. Water availability and demand
    • Figure 59.3. Water resources
    • Figure 59.4. Sectoral water withdrawal
  • 59.3. Municipal water
    • Figure 59.5. Water supply indicators
    • Figure 59.6. Number of people connected to water network
    • Figure 59.7. Percentage of people connected to water network
    • Figure 59.8. Municipal water supply capacity
    • Figure 59.9. Non-revenue water
  • 59.4. Municipal wastewater
    • Figure 59.10. Wastewater indicators
    • Figure 59.11. Number of people connected to wastewater network
    • Figure 59.12. Percentage of people connected to wastewater network
    • Figure 59.13. Wastewater treatment by technology
  • 59.5. Private sector participation
    • Figure 59.14. Private contracts
  • 59.6. Market forecast
    • Figure 59.15. Market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 59.16. Market forecast breakdown, 2013
    • Figure 59.17. Market forecast data, 2011-2018

60. Slovenia

  • 60.1. Main indicators
    • Figure 60.1. Population projections, 2010-2020
    • Figure 60.2. Economic indicators
  • 60.2. Water availability and demand
    • Figure 60.3. Water resources
    • Figure 60.4. Sectoral water withdrawal
  • 60.3. Municipal water
    • Figure 60.5. Water supply indicators
    • Figure 60.6. Number of water connections
    • Figure 60.7. Municipal water supply capacity
    • Figure 60.8. Non-revenue water
  • 60.4. Municipal wastewater
    • Figure 60.9. Wastewater indicators
    • Figure 60.10. Number of wastewater connections
    • Figure 60.11. Volume of wastewater produced
    • Figure 60.12. Wastewater collected
    • Figure 60.13. Wastewater treated to secondary level
    • Figure 60.14. Wastewater treated to tertiary level
    • Figure 60.15. Wastewater treatment by technology
  • 60.5. Private sector participation
    • Figure 60.16. Private contracts
  • 60.6. Market forecast
    • Figure 60.17. Market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 60.18. Market forecast breakdown, 2013
    • Figure 60.19. Market forecast data, 2011-2018

61. South Africa

  • 61.1. Overview of indicators
    • Figure 61.1. Population projections, 2010-2020
    • Figure 61.2. Economic indicators
  • 61.2. Context and overview of challenges
  • 61.3. Water sector organisation and structure
    • 61.3.1. Government ministries and agencies
      • Figure 61.3. Ministries and agencies involved in water and wastewater sector
      • 61.3.1.1. Central level
      • 61.3.1.2. At local level
        • Figure 61.4. Provinces of South Africa, with population breakdown, 2011
        • Figure 61.5. Number of South African municipalities, 2011
        • Figure 61.6. List of provinces and Water Management Areas in South Africa, 2013
        • Figure 61.7. Agencies supervised by the DWA, 2013
    • 61.3.2. Water and wastewater service providers
      • 61.3.2.1. Overview of service providers
        • Figure 61.8. Municipalities considered as Water Service Authorities, 2010
      • 61.3.2.2. Water boards
        • Figure 61.9. Water Boards' operational presence, 2012
  • 61.4. Government's water strategy
  • 61.5. Water availability and demand
    • 61.5.1. Water availability
      • Figure 61.10. Water sources in South Africa
      • Figure 61.11. Estimated water deficit by 2025
    • 61.5.2. Sectoral water demand
      • Figure 61.12. Sectoral water demand in South Africa, 2010
  • 61.6. Municipal water and wastewater
    • Figure 61.13. Water supply indicators
    • Figure 61.14. Wastewater indicators
    • 61.6.1. Water treatment
      • Figure 61.15. Water access: breakdown of population in South Africa by province, 2011
      • Figure 61.16. Number of municipal WTPs in South Africa by province, 2011
      • Figure 61.17. Largest municipal WTPs in South Africa
    • 61.6.2. Desalination
      • Figure 61.18. Desalination capacities in South Africa by raw water source, 2012
      • Figure 61.19. Desalination capacities in South Africa by end user, 2012
    • 61.6.3. Wastewater treatment
      • Figure 61.20. Wastewater access: breakdown of population in South Africa by province, 2011
      • Figure 61.21. Number of municipal WWTPs in South Africa by province, 2010
      • Figure 61.22. Breakdown of municipal WWTPs in South Africa by size, 2010
      • Figure 61.23. Breakdown of municipal WWTPs in South Africa by performance, 2010
      • Figure 61.24. WWTPs with the largest design capacities in South Africa
    • 61.6.4. Water reuse
      • Figure 61.25. Breakdown of wastewater treated by RO membranes in South Africa by end user, 2013
      • Figure 61.26. Main reuse projects in South Africa, 2013
  • 61.7. Water finance
    • 61.7.1. Funding sources
      • 61.7.1.1. National, regional and municipal budgets
      • 61.7.1.2. Water tariffs
        • Figure 61.27. Water tariffs in two major South African cities, 2012
    • 61.7.2. Capital expenditure
      • 61.7.2.1. Capital expenditures by Water Boards
        • Figure 61.28. Water Boards' capital expenditure, 2009
      • 61.7.2.2. Capital expenditure by municipalities
        • Figure 61.29. Breakdown of capital expenditure in South Africa by municipality type, 2006-2013
    • 61.7.3. Operating expenditure
      • 61.7.3.1. Operating expenditures by Water Boards
        • Figure 61.30. Operating expenditure by Water Board, 2009
      • 61.7.3.2. Operating expenditure by municipalities
        • Figure 61.31. Breakdown of operating expenditure by type of municipality in South Africa, 2006-2013
  • 61.8. Private sector participation
  • 61.9. Procurement process for water and wastewater infrastructure
    • 61.9.1. Specificity of the South African procurement process
    • 61.9.2. Procurement models
    • 61.9.3. Procurement process
      • 61.9.3.1. Pre-qualification
      • 61.9.3.2. Evaluation of bids
  • 61.10. Supply chain
    • 61.10.1. Consulting engineers
      • Figure 61.32. Main consulting engineers in South Africa, 2013
    • 61.10.2. Contractors
      • Figure 61.33. Main contractors in South Africa, 2013
    • 61.10.3. Private operators
    • 61.10.4. Equipment suppliers
      • Figure 61.34. Main equipment suppliers in South Africa, 2013
  • 61.11. Current and future key projects
    • Figure 61.35. Investments needed in water and wastewater infrastructure in South Africa each year
    • Figure 61.36. Upcoming water and wastewater projects in South Africa
  • 61.12. Future market directions
    • 61.12.1. Overview
    • 61.12.2. Notes on the market forecast
  • 61.13. Market forecast
    • Figure 61.37. Market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 61.38. Market forecast breakdown, 2013
    • Figure 61.39. Market forecast data, 2011-2018
    • Figure 61.40. Industrial markets, 2013-2017

62. Spain

  • 62.1. Main indicators
    • Figure 62.1. Population projections, 2010-2020
    • Figure 62.2. Economic indicators
  • 62.2. Context and overview of challenges
  • 62.3. Water sector organisation and structure
    • 62.3.1. Government ministries and agencies
      • Figure 62.3. Government authorities with responsibilities for the water and wastewater sector, 2013
    • 62.3.2. Water and wastewater service providers
  • 62.4. Government's water strategy
  • 62.5. Water availability and demand
    • 62.5.1. Water availability
      • Figure 62.4. Water resources, 2011
    • 62.5.2. Sectoral water demand
      • Figure 62.5. Sectoral water demand, 2010
  • 62.6. Municipal water and wastewater
    • Figure 62.6. Water supply indicators
    • Figure 62.7. Wastewater indicators
    • 62.6.1. Water treatment
      • Figure 62.8. Sources for water supply, 2010
      • Figure 62.9. Evolution of per capita daily water consumption, 1990-2011
      • Figure 62.10. Water distribution losses, 2000-2010
      • Figure 62.11. Examples of large WTPs in major Spanish cities
    • 62.6.2. Desalination
      • Figure 62.12. Major desalination plants in Spain by capacity, 2013
    • 62.6.3. Wastewater treatment
      • Figure 62.13. Regional breakdown of WWTPs
      • Figure 62.14. Volume of wastewater collected and treated in municipal WWTPs, 2000-2010
      • Figure 62.15. Degree of compliance with the UWWTD, 2010
      • Figure 62.16. Investments in wastewater treatment infrastructure, 2005-2012
    • 62.6.4. Water reuse
      • Figure 62.17. Breakdown of wastewater reuse volumes by river basins, 2009
      • Figure 62.18. Distribution of treated wastewater by use, 2006
  • 62.7. Water finance
    • 62.7.1. Funding sources
      • 62.7.1.1. Tariffs
        • Figure 62.19. Estimates for average water and wastewater prices, 2007-2009
        • Figure 62.20. Estimates for average water prices by CCAA, 2010
    • 62.7.2. Capital expenditure
      • Figure 62.21. Investments in water and wastewater infrastructure in Spain, 2005-2012
      • Figure 62.22. Capital expenditure on water supply and wastewater treatment services, 2007-2010
    • 62.7.3. Operating expenditure
      • Figure 62.23. Revenue from water supply and wastewater collection and treatment charges, 2007-2010
  • 62.8. Private sector participation
  • 62.9. Procurement process for water and wastewater infrastructure
    • 62.9.1. The tender process
      • 62.9.1.1. Project inception and specification
    • 62.9.2. Prequalification process and request for proposals
      • 62.9.2.1. Evaluation of bids
      • 62.9.2.2. Award and commissioning
    • 62.9.3. Procurement models for private sector participation
    • 62.9.4. Industrial clients
  • 62.10. The supply chain
    • 62.10.1. Consulting engineers
      • Figure 62.24. Examples of major consulting engineering firms in Spain
    • 62.10.2. EPC contractors
    • 62.10.3. Private operators
    • 62.10.4. Equipment suppliers
      • Figure 62.25. Main equipment categories imported in Spain
  • 62.11. Current and future projects
    • 62.11.1. Current projects
    • 62.11.2. Future projects
  • 62.12. Future market directions
    • 62.12.1. Overview
    • 62.12.2. Notes on the market forecast
  • 62.13. Market forecast
    • Figure 62.26. Market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 62.27. Market forecast breakdown, 2013
    • Figure 62.28. Market forecast data, 2011-2018
    • Figure 62.29. Industrial markets, 2013-2017

63. Sudan

  • 63.1. Main indicators
    • Figure 63.1. Population projections, 2010-2020
    • Figure 63.2. Economic indicators
  • 63.2. Water availability and demand
    • Figure 63.3. Water resources
    • Figure 63.4. Sectoral water withdrawal
  • 63.3. Municipal water
    • Figure 63.5. Water supply indicators
    • Figure 63.6. Municipal water supply capacity
  • 63.4. Municipal wastewater
    • Figure 63.7. Wastewater indicators
  • 63.5. Private sector participation
    • Figure 63.8. Private contracts
  • 63.6. Market forecast
    • Figure 63.9. Market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 63.10. Market forecast breakdown, 2013
    • Figure 63.11. Market forecast data, 2011-2018

64. Sweden

  • 64.1. Main indicators
    • Figure 64.1. Population projections, 2010-2020
    • Figure 64.2. Economic indicators
  • 64.2. Water availability and demand
    • Figure 64.3. Water resources
    • Figure 64.4. Sectoral water withdrawal
  • 64.3. Municipal water
    • Figure 64.5. Water supply indicators
  • 64.4. Municipal water supply capacity
  • 64.5. Municipal wastewater
    • Figure 64.6. Wastewater indicators
    • Figure 64.7. Wastewater treated to secondary level
    • Figure 64.8. Wastewater treated to tertiary level
    • Figure 64.9. Wastewater treatment by technology
  • 64.6. Private sector participation
    • Figure 64.10. Private contracts
  • 64.7. Market forecast
    • Figure 64.11. Market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 64.12. Market forecast breakdown, 2013
    • Figure 64.13. Market forecast data, 2011-2018

65. Switzerland

  • 65.1. Main indicators
    • Figure 65.1. Population projections, 2010-2020
    • Figure 65.2. Economic indicators
  • 65.2. Water availability and demand
    • Figure 65.3. Water resources
    • Figure 65.4. Sectoral water withdrawal
  • 65.3. Municipal water
    • Figure 65.5. Water supply indicators
    • Figure 65.6. Municipal water supply capacity
  • 65.4. Municipal wastewater
    • Figure 65.7. Wastewater indicators
    • Figure 65.8. Number of people connected to wastewater network
    • Figure 65.9. Percentage of people connected to wastewater network
    • Figure 65.10. Volume of wastewater produced
  • 65.5. Market forecast
    • Figure 65.11. Market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 65.12. Market forecast breakdown, 2013
    • Figure 65.13. Market forecast data, 2011-2018

66. Tanzania

  • 66.1. Main indicators
    • Figure 66.1. Population projections, 2010-2020
    • Figure 66.2. Economic indicators
  • 66.2. Water availability and demand
    • Figure 66.3. Water resources
    • Figure 66.4. Sectoral water withdrawal
  • 66.3. Municipal water
    • Figure 66.5. Water supply indicators
    • Figure 66.6. Number of water connections
    • Figure 66.7. Meter coverage
    • Figure 66.8. Non-revenue water
  • 66.4. Municipal wastewater
    • Figure 66.9. Wastewater indicators
    • Figure 66.10. Number of wastewater connections
  • 66.5. Private sector participation
    • Figure 66.11. Private contracts
  • 66.6. Market forecast
    • Figure 66.12. Market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 66.13. Market forecast breakdown, 2013
    • Figure 66.14. Market forecast data, 2011-2018

67. Turkey

  • 67.1. Main indicators
    • Figure 67.1. Population projections, 2010-2020
    • Figure 67.2. Economic indicators
  • 67.2. Water availability and demand
    • Figure 67.3. Water resources
    • Figure 67.4. Sectoral water withdrawal
  • 67.3. Municipal water
    • Figure 67.5. Water supply indicators
    • Figure 67.6. Number of people connected to water network
    • Figure 67.7. Percentage of people connected to water network
    • Figure 67.8. Municipal water supply capacity
  • 67.4. Municipal wastewater
    • Figure 67.9. Wastewater indicators
    • Figure 67.10. Number of people connected to wastewater network
    • Figure 67.11. Percentage of people connected to wastewater network
    • Figure 67.12. Volume of wastewater produced
    • Figure 67.13. Wastewater collected
    • Figure 67.14. Wastewater treated to secondary level
    • Figure 67.15. Wastewater treated to tertiary level
    • Figure 67.16. Wastewater treatment by technology
  • 67.5. Private sector participation
    • Figure 67.17. Private contracts
  • 67.6. Market forecast
    • Figure 67.18. Market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 67.19. Market forecast breakdown, 2013
    • Figure 67.20. Market forecast data, 2011-2018

68. Uganda

  • 68.1. Main indicators
    • Figure 68.1. Population projections, 2010-2020
    • Figure 68.2. Economic indicators
  • 68.2. Water availability and demand
    • Figure 68.3. Water resources
    • Figure 68.4. Sectoral water withdrawal
  • 68.3. Municipal water
    • Figure 68.5. Water supply indicators
    • Figure 68.6. Non-revenue water
  • 68.4. Municipal wastewater
    • Figure 68.7. Wastewater indicators
    • Figure 68.8. Percentage of people connected to wastewater network
  • 68.5. Private sector participation
    • Figure 68.9. Private contracts
  • 68.6. Market forecast
    • Figure 68.10. Market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 68.11. Market forecast breakdown, 2013
    • Figure 68.12. Market forecast data, 2011-2018

69. Ukraine

  • 69.1. Main indicators
    • Figure 69.1. Population projections, 2010-2020
    • Figure 69.2. Economic indicators
  • 69.2. Water availability and demand
    • Figure 69.3. Water resources
    • Figure 69.4. Sectoral water withdrawal
  • 69.3. Municipal water
    • Figure 69.5. Water supply indicators
  • 69.4. Municipal wastewater
    • Figure 69.6. Wastewater indicators
  • 69.5. Market forecast
    • Figure 69.7. Market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 69.8. Market forecast breakdown, 2013
    • Figure 69.9. Market forecast data, 2011-2018

70. United Kingdom

  • 70.1. Overview of indicators
    • Figure 70.1. Population projections, 2010-2020
    • Figure 70.2. Economic indicators
  • 70.2. Context and overview of challenges
  • 70.3. Water sector organisation and structure
    • 70.3.1. England & Wales
    • 70.3.2. Scotland
    • 70.3.3. Northern Ireland
    • 70.3.4. Water and wastewater service providers
      • 70.3.4.1. Water and wastewater service providers in England & Wales
        • Figure 70.3. Water indicators for WoCs and WaSCs in England & Wales
        • Figure 70.4. Wastewater indicators for WaSCs in England & Wales, 2011
      • 70.3.4.2. Water and wastewater service provider in Scotland
        • Figure 70.5. Water and wastewater indicators for Scottish Water, 2009-2012
      • 70.3.4.3. Water and wastewater service provider in Northern Ireland
        • Figure 70.6. Water and wastewater indicators from Northern Ireland Water, 2007-2012
  • 70.4. Government's water strategy
  • 70.5. Water availability and demand
    • 70.5.1. Water availability
      • Figure 70.7. Water resources in the UK, 2011
    • 70.5.2. Sectoral water demand
      • 70.5.2.1. Sectoral water demand in England & Wales
        • Figure 70.8. Water abstraction by sector in England & Wales, 2000-2011
        • Figure 70.9. Water abstraction from sources by sector, 2011
      • 70.5.2.2. Sectoral water demand in Scotland
        • Figure 70.10. Water abstraction by subsector in Scotland, 2004
      • 70.5.2.3. Sectoral water demand in Northern Ireland
      • 70.5.2.4. UK sectoral water demand
        • Figure 70.11. Annual water withdrawals by sector, 1988-2007
        • Figure 70.12. UK water abstraction by water source
  • 70.6. Municipal water and wastewater
    • Figure 70.13. Water supply indicators
    • Figure 70.14. Wastewater indicators
    • 70.6.1. Water treatment
      • Figure 70.15. Water treatment plants and supply by utility in the UK
      • Figure 70.16. Major WTPs in the UK
    • 70.6.2. Desalination
      • Figure 70.17. Major desalination plants in the UK
    • 70.6.3. Wastewater treatment
      • Figure 70.18. Treatment capacity breakdowns of WWTPs, 2011
      • Figure 70.19. Treatment categories of UK WWTPs, 2011
      • Figure 70.20. Major WWTPs in the UK
    • 70.6.4. Water reuse
  • 70.7. Water finance
    • 70.7.1. Funding sources
      • 70.7.1.1. Tariffs in England & Wales
        • Figure 70.21. Average annual price limits for England & Wales (K factor)
        • Figure 70.22. ‘K' factors for England & Wales, 2010-2015
        • Figure 70.23. Average metered and unmetered water and wastewater charges, 2011/2012
      • 70.7.1.2. Tariffs in Scotland
        • Figure 70.24. Unmetered household water and wastewater tariffs, 2012/2013
      • 70.7.1.3. Tariffs in Northern Ireland
    • 70.7.2. Capital expenditure
      • 70.7.2.1. England & Wales
        • Figure 70.25. Capital expenditure by service, 2005-2010
        • Figure 70.26. Gross capital expenditure on water and wastewater services by service area, 2005-2010
        • Figure 70.27. Capital spending targets on water and wastewater services, 2010-2015
        • Figure 70.28. Capital spending & infrastructure renewals in England & Wales for AMP4 and AMP5
        • Figure 70.29. Capital spending areas, 2010-2015
      • 70.7.2.2. Scotland
        • Figure 70.30. Capital and PFI investments, 2010-2015
      • 70.7.2.3. Northern Ireland
        • Figure 70.31. Public expenditure in Northern Ireland, 2013-2015
    • 70.7.3. Operating expenditure
      • 70.7.3.1. England & Wales
        • Figure 70.32. Total operating expenditure breakdown by service, 2005-2010
        • Figure 70.33. Operating expenditure for water and wastewater services by function
      • 70.7.3.2. Scotland
        • Figure 70.34. Operating expenditure from, 2005-2012
  • 70.8. Private sector participation
    • 70.8.1. Overview
    • 70.8.2. Private Finance Initiative reform
  • 70.9. Procurement process for water and wastewater infrastructure
    • 70.9.1. Overview
      • Figure 70.35. Minimum competitive procurement process threshold
    • 70.9.2. The tender process
      • 70.9.2.1. Invitation to tender
      • 70.9.2.2. Pre-qualification
      • 70.9.2.3. Tender evaluation
    • 70.9.3. Asset management plans
    • 70.9.4. Framework agreement contracts
    • 70.9.5. AMP6 Alliance frameworks
      • 70.9.5.1. Anglian Water Alliance framework
      • 70.9.5.2. Thames Water Alliance framework
        • Figure 70.36. Joint ventures and programme manager candidates for Thames Water AMP6 cycle
  • 70.10. Supply chain
    • 70.10.1. How the market works
      • 70.10.1.1. Supply chain inefficiencies
      • 70.10.1.2. Procurement models and contracts
      • 70.10.1.3. Project risks
      • 70.10.1.4. Market access
    • 70.10.2. Consulting engineers
      • Figure 70.37. Consulting engineering firms active in the UK water and wastewater industry
    • 70.10.3. Contractors
      • Figure 70.38. AMP5 framework contractors for WaSCs, 2010-2015
      • Figure 70.39. Contractors in the UK water and wastewater industry
    • 70.10.4. Private operators
    • 70.10.5. Equipment suppliers
      • Figure 70.40. Equipment suppliers in the UK water and wastewater market
  • 70.11. Current and future key projects
    • 70.11.1. Current projects
      • 70.11.1.1. England & Wales
      • 70.11.1.2. Scotland
    • 70.11.2. Future projects
      • 70.11.2.1. England & Wales
      • 70.11.2.2. Scotland
      • 70.11.2.3. Northern Ireland
  • 70.12. Future market directions
    • 70.12.1. Overview
    • 70.12.2. Planned expenditure
    • 70.12.3. Notes on the market forecast
  • 70.13. Market forecast
    • Figure 70.41. Market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 70.42. Market forecast breakdown, 2013
    • Figure 70.43. Market forecast data, 2011-2018
    • Figure 70.44. Industrial markets, 2013-2017

Volume 3: Middle East and Asia Pacific

71. Australia

  • 71.1. Overview of indicators
    • Figure 71.1. Population projections, 2010-2020
    • Figure 71.2. Economic indicators
  • 71.2. Context and overview of challenges
  • 71.3. Water sector organisation and structure
    • 71.3.1. Government ministries and agencies
      • 71.3.1.1. Federal organisations: Water management
        • Figure 71.3. Australia federal water governance
      • 71.3.1.2. Federal organisations: Water management of environmental flows
      • 71.3.1.3. State organisations
        • Figure 71.4. Water regulatory structure in NSW (left) and Southern Australia (right)
        • Figure 71.5. Water regulatory structure in Queensland
        • Figure 71.6. Water regulatory structure in Tasmania
        • Figure 71.7. Water regulatory structure in Victoria
        • Figure 71.8. Water regulatory structure in ACT (left) and Northern Territory (right)
        • Figure 71.9. Water regulatory structure in Western Australia
    • 71.3.2. Water and wastewater service providers
      • Figure 71.10. Water utilities in Australia by State or Territory
      • Figure 71.11. Major water and wastewater utilities in Australia, 2012
  • 71.4. Government's water strategy
    • 71.4.1. National Water Initiative
    • 71.4.2. The Water for the Future project
      • Figure 71.12. Projects under the National Urban Water and Desalination Plan
    • 71.4.3. Raising National Water Standards
      • Figure 71.13. Areas funded under the Raising National Water Standards programme
  • 71.5. Water availability and demand
    • 71.5.1. Water availability
      • Figure 71.14. Sources of water available in Australia
    • 71.5.2. Sectoral water demand
      • Figure 71.15. Sectoral water consumption in Australia, 2010-2011
  • 71.6. Municipal water and wastewater
    • Figure 71.16. Water supply indicators
    • Figure 71.17. Wastewater indicators
    • 71.6.1. Water treatment
      • Figure 71.18. Major WTPs in Australia
    • 71.6.2. Desalination
      • Figure 71.19. Major desalination plants in Australia
    • 71.6.3. Wastewater treatment
      • Figure 71.20. Major WWTPs in Australia
    • 71.6.4. Water reuse
      • Figure 71.21. Major water reuse plants in Australia
      • Figure 71.22. Total volume of recycled water supplied by major utilities in Australia, 2010-2011
  • 71.7. Water finance
    • Figure 71.23. Financial indicators for the major utilities in Australia, 2010-2011
    • 71.7.1. Funding sources
      • 71.7.1.1. Tariffs
        • Figure 71.24. Average annual residential tariff for water and wastewater by major utility
        • Figure 71.25. Major utilities' net profit after tax, 2006-2011
    • 71.7.2. Capital expenditure
      • Figure 71.26. Water and wastewater capital expenditure for major utilities in Australia, 2006-2011
      • Figure 71.27. Water and wastewater capital expenditure by a utility
    • 71.7.3. Operating expenditure
      • Figure 71.28. Water and wastewater operating costs for major utilities in Australia, 2006-2011
  • 71.8. Private sector participation
    • Figure 71.29. Examples of O&M contracts and other PPPs
  • 71.9. Procurement process for water and wastewater infrastructure
    • 71.9.1. Procurement models overview and trends
      • Figure 71.30. Overview of the procurement models used in Australia
      • 71.9.1.1. Influence on project development outcome
      • 71.9.1.2. Future trends in the usage of procurement models
    • 71.9.2. Identification of projects
    • 71.9.3. Tender process
      • 71.9.3.1. Lump-sum EPC tendering process
      • 71.9.3.2. Competitive EPC Alliance tendering process
    • 71.9.4. Equipment specification
      • 71.9.4.1. Pre-qualification process and preferred equipment suppliers list
      • 71.9.4.2. Sole-sourcing
    • 71.9.5. Quality assurance
      • 71.9.5.1. Quality assurance in long-term O&M contracts
  • 71.10. Supply chain
    • 71.10.1. Design firms
    • 71.10.2. Contractors
      • 71.10.2.1. Prequalification criteria
      • 71.10.2.2. Local preference
    • 71.10.3. Private operators
    • 71.10.4. Equipment suppliers
      • 71.10.4.1. Equipment sales strategies
      • 71.10.4.2. Partnership restrictions for development of desalination plants
  • 71.11. Current and future key projects
    • 71.11.1. Current projects
      • Figure 71.31. Contracted water and wastewater projects in Australia
    • 71.11.2. Future projects
      • Figure 71.32. Future water and wastewater projects in Australia
  • 71.12. Future market directions
    • 71.12.1. Overview
    • 71.12.2. Notes on the market forecast
  • 71.13. Market forecast
    • Figure 71.33. Market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 71.34. Market forecast breakdown, 2013
    • Figure 71.35. Market forecast data, 2011-2018
    • Figure 71.36. Industrial markets, 2013-2017

72. Bahrain

  • 72.1. Main indicators
    • Figure 72.1. Population projections, 2010-2020
    • Figure 72.2. Economic indicators
  • 72.2. Water availability and demand
    • Figure 72.3. Water resources
    • Figure 72.4. Sectoral water withdrawal
  • 72.3. Municipal water
    • Figure 72.5. Water supply indicators
  • 72.4. Municipal wastewater
    • Figure 72.6. Wastewater indicators
  • 72.5. Private sector participation
    • Figure 72.7. Private contracts
  • 72.6. Market forecast
    • Figure 72.8. Market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 72.9. Market forecast breakdown, 2013
    • Figure 72.10. Market forecast data, 2011-2018

73. Bangladesh

  • 73.1. Main indicators
    • Figure 73.1. Population projections, 2010-2020
    • Figure 73.2. Economic indicators
  • 73.2. Water availability and demand
    • Figure 73.3. Water resources
    • Figure 73.4. Sectoral water withdrawal
  • 73.3. Municipal water
    • Figure 73.5. Water supply indicators
  • 73.4. Municipal wastewater
    • Figure 73.6. Wastewater indicators
  • 73.5. Market forecast
    • Figure 73.7. Market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 73.8. Market forecast breakdown, 2013
    • Figure 73.9. Market forecast data, 2011-2018

74. China

  • 74.1. Overview of indicators
    • Figure 74.1. Population projections, 2010-2020
    • Figure 74.2. Economic indicators
  • 74.2. Context and overview of challenges
  • 74.3. Water sector organisation and structure
    • Figure 74.3. China's government bodies performing water-related roles
    • 74.3.1. Water and wastewater service providers
      • Figure 74.4. Examples of large public and private water utilities by the size of population served in China
  • 74.4. Government's water strategy
  • 74.5. Water availability and demand
    • 74.5.1. Water availability
      • Figure 74.5. Annual water resources in China, 2008-2011
      • Figure 74.6. Annual water withdrawal in China, 2007-2011
    • 74.5.2. Sectoral water demand
      • Figure 74.7. Annual water withdrawal by sector, 2007-2011
  • 74.6. Municipal water and wastewater
    • Figure 74.8. Water supply indicators
    • Figure 74.9. Wastewater indicators
    • 74.6.1. Water treatment
      • Figure 74.10. Major WTPs by design capacity in China, 2012
    • 74.6.2. Desalination
      • Figure 74.11. Major desalination plants by design capacity in China, 2012
    • 74.6.3. Wastewater treatment
      • Figure 74.12. Major WWTPs by design capacity in China, 2012
      • Figure 74.13. Wastewater treatment targets included in the 12 FYP, 2011-2015
    • 74.6.4. Water reuse
      • Figure 74.14. Water reuse projects by design capacity in China, 2012
  • 74.7. Water finance
    • 74.7.1. Funding sources
      • 74.7.1.1. Tariffs
        • Figure 74.15. Water tariffs of municipal utilities of the main cities in China, 2011-2012
    • 74.7.2. Capital expenditure
      • Figure 74.16. Total fixed assets investment plan of water sector, 2007-2011
    • 74.7.3. Operating expenditure
    • 74.7.4. Future investment
  • 74.8. Private sector participation
    • 74.8.1. Extent of PPP
    • 74.8.2. Legal & policy framework
    • 74.8.3. Role of foreign companies
  • 74.9. Introduction to procurement in industrial projects
    • 74.9.1. State-owned enterprises (SOEs)
      • 74.9.1.1. The impact of SOEs on the water market
      • 74.9.1.2. Relationship between SOEs and the government
    • 74.9.2. Non-SOEs
    • 74.9.3. State-linked water solution providers
    • 74.9.4. Non-state-linked water solution providers
  • 74.10. Procurement process for water and wastewater infrastructure
    • 74.10.1. Project inception and specification
    • 74.10.2. The tender process proper
    • 74.10.3. Bid evaluation
    • 74.10.4. Contractual/tariff negotiations
    • 74.10.5. Local versus foreign players
    • 74.10.6. Current procurement trends in China
  • 74.11. Supply chain
    • 74.11.1. Design institutes
    • 74.11.2. Contractors
      • 74.11.2.1. Relationship between contractors and suppliers
    • 74.11.3. Equipment suppliers
  • 74.12. Current and future key projects
    • Figure 74.17. Current projects in China
    • Figure 74.18. Future projects in China
  • 74.13. Future market directions
    • 74.13.1. Overview
    • 74.13.2. Notes on the market forecast
  • 74.14. Market forecast
    • Figure 74.19. Market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 74.20. Market forecast breakdown, 2013
    • Figure 74.21. Market forecast data, 2011-2018
    • Figure 74.22. Industrial markets, 2013-2017

75. India

  • 75.1. Overview of indicators
    • Figure 75.1. Population projections, 2010-2020
    • Figure 75.2. Economic indicators
  • 75.2. Context and overview of challenges
  • 75.3. Water sector organisation and structure
    • 75.3.1. Government ministries and agencies
      • Figure 75.3. Organisational structure of water and wastewater management in India, 2012
      • 75.3.1.1. Central Government Level
        • Figure 75.4. Central Government agencies involved in the water and wastewater sector, 2012
      • 75.3.1.2. State Government Level
        • Figure 75.5. State-level organisations responsible for water & wastewater services by state, 2012
    • 75.3.2. Water and wastewater service providers
  • 75.4. Government's water strategy
    • 75.4.1. Twelfth Five Year Plan, 2012-2017
    • 75.4.2. Central government programmes/schemes
      • Figure 75.6. Existing JNNURM structure
  • 75.5. Water availability and demand
    • 75.5.1. Water availability
      • Figure 75.7. Water resources in India, 2011
    • 75.5.2. Sectoral water demand
      • Figure 75.8. Future water demand in India for various sectors, 2000-2050
    • 75.5.3. Water in industry
      • Figure 75.9. Estimated values of industrial water withdrawal for 2008-2030
  • 75.6. Municipal water and wastewater
    • Figure 75.10. Water supply indicators
    • Figure 75.11. Wastewater indicators
    • 75.6.1. Water treatment
      • Figure 75.12. Major WTPs by design capacity in India, 2012
    • 75.6.2. Desalination
      • Figure 75.13. Major desalination plants in India by design capacity, 2012
    • 75.6.3. Wastewater treatment
      • Figure 75.14. Municipal wastewater generation and treatment in India for Class-1 and Class-2 cities, 2009
      • Figure 75.15. WWTPs in Class 1 & 2 cities & small towns by treatment technology & design capacity, 2005
    • 75.6.4. Water reuse
  • 75.7. Water finance
    • 75.7.1. Funding sources
      • 75.7.1.1. Tariffs
        • Figure 75.16. Water and wastewater tariffs per m3 in sample cities/towns in India, 2012
      • 75.7.1.2. Sources of funding for the 12th FYP
        • Figure 75.17. Sources of funding for water, wastewater & overall infrastructure during the 12th FYP, 2012-2017
    • 75.7.2. Capital expenditure
      • Figure 75.18. Projected investment in water and ww infrastructure for the 12th Five Year Plan, 2012-2017
      • Figure 75.19. Water, wastewater and drainage projects approved under JNNURM, July 2012
      • Figure 75.20. Proposed water supply and wastewater budget by state, 12th Five Year Plan, 2012-2017
    • 75.7.3. Operating expenditure
  • 75.8. Private sector participation
    • 75.8.1. Policy
    • 75.8.2. Market direction
      • 75.8.2.1. Slow pace of PPPs
      • 75.8.2.2. Developments
        • Figure 75.21. Prominent water and wastewater PPP projects, India
  • 75.9. Procurement process for water and wastewater infrastructure
    • 75.9.1. Procurement models
      • 75.9.1.1. EPC model
      • 75.9.1.2. PPP models
      • 75.9.1.3. Unsolicited bids
      • 75.9.1.4. Business-to-business (B2B) model
    • 75.9.2. How the market works
      • 75.9.2.1. Opaque procurement process
      • 75.9.2.2. Relationships and connections
      • 75.9.2.3. Complex institutional structure and delays
      • 75.9.2.4. Consulting engineers' influence
      • 75.9.2.5. Partnering with local players
    • 75.9.3. Market penetration
  • 75.10. Supply chain
    • 75.10.1. Consulting engineers (CE)
      • 75.10.1.1. Role
      • 75.10.1.2. Market players
    • 75.10.2. Contractors
      • 75.10.2.1. Role
      • 75.10.2.2. Market players
      • Figure 75.22. Prominent water contractors, India, 2012
    • 75.10.3. Private operators
    • 75.10.4. Equipment suppliers
      • 75.10.4.1. Role
      • 75.10.4.2. Market players
  • 75.11. Current and future key projects
    • Figure 75.23. Current water PPP projects in India
    • Figure 75.24. Future water PPP projects in India
  • 75.12. Future market directions
    • 75.12.1. Overview
    • 75.12.2. Notes on the market forecast
  • 75.13. Market forecast
    • Figure 75.25. Market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 75.26. Market forecast breakdown, 2013
    • Figure 75.27. Market forecast data, 2011-2018
    • Figure 75.28. Industrial markets, 2013-2017

76. Indonesia

  • 76.1. Overview of indicators
    • Figure 76.1. Population projections, 2010-2020
    • Figure 76.2. Economic indicators
  • 76.2. Context and overview of challenges
    • 76.2.1. Challenges in Indonesia's water and wastewater sector
  • 76.3. The water sector organisation and structure
    • 76.3.1. Government ministries and agencies
      • Figure 76.3. Central and local governmental bodies responsible for the water sector in Indonesia
      • Figure 76.4. Organisational structure of the Ministry of Public Works
      • Figure 76.5. Other organisations involved in Indonesia's water sector
    • 76.3.2. Water and wastewater service providers
      • Figure 76.6. Indonesian water utility capacities based on province
      • Figure 76.7. The 10 largest public water utilities by number of household connections in 2010
  • 76.4. Government strategies
    • 76.4.1. Water sector strategies
      • 76.4.1.1. The Urban Water Supply Programme
      • 76.4.1.2. The Rural Water Supply Programme
    • 76.4.2. Wastewater Sector Strategy
      • 76.4.2.1. Institutional-based approach
      • 76.4.2.2. Community-based approach
  • 76.5. Water availability and demand
    • 76.5.1. Water availability
      • Figure 76.8. Indonesian water resources, 2011
      • Figure 76.9. Indonesian Islands' potential water reserves
    • 76.5.2. Sectoral water demand
      • Figure 76.10. Sectoral water use trends in Indonesia, 1990-2011
  • 76.6. Municipal water and wastewater
    • Figure 76.11. Public access to piped water supply in Indonesia, 1990-2010
    • Figure 76.12. Percentage of households in urban and rural areas by drinking water source, 2010
    • Figure 76.13. Water supply indicators
    • Figure 76.14. Wastewater indicators
    • 76.6.1. Water treatment
      • Figure 76.15. The 10 largest water utilities in Indonesia by design and operational capacity
    • 76.6.2. Desalination
      • Figure 76.16. Desalination plants by sector in Indonesia
    • 76.6.3. Wastewater treatment
      • Figure 76.17. Existing WWTPs in Indonesia, 2011
    • 76.6.4. Water reuse
  • 76.7. Water finance
    • 76.7.1. Funding sources
      • 76.7.1.1. PDAM budget, and local (municipal/regencial) government funds
      • 76.7.1.2. PDAM tariffs
        • Figure 76.18. Water tariffs charged by the largest public utilities, 2010
      • 76.7.1.3. Private sector investment
      • 76.7.1.4. On-lending
      • 76.7.1.5. On-granting
      • 76.7.1.6. Commercial credit support
      • 76.7.1.7. Government funding agencies
      • 76.7.1.8. Government budgets for the wastewater sector
    • 76.7.2. Capital expenditure
      • Figure 76.19. Funding details for Indonesian Water Sector Programmes, 2011-2014 period
    • 76.7.3. Operating expenditure
  • 76.8. Private sector participation
    • 76.8.1. Public-private partnership (PPP)
      • Figure 76.20. Current PPP contracts in Indonesia
      • 76.8.1.1. Build-Operate-Transfer (BOT)
      • 76.8.1.2. Concession
  • 76.9. Procurement process for water and wastewater infrastructure
    • 76.9.1. Business-to-business (B2B) procurement model
      • 76.9.1.1. Overview
      • 76.9.1.2. Procurement process for B2B projects
      • 76.9.1.3. Current projects procured under B2B model
    • 76.9.2. Unsolicited PPP procurement method
      • 76.9.2.1. Overview
      • 76.9.2.2. Procurement process for unsolicited projects
    • 76.9.3. Solicited PPP procurement method
      • 76.9.3.1. Overview
      • 76.9.3.2. Procurement process for solicited projects
      • 76.9.3.3. Current obstacles in procurement of solicited PPP projects
  • 76.10. Supply chain
    • 76.10.1. Consulting engineers
    • 76.10.2. Contractors
    • 76.10.3. Private operators
    • 76.10.4. Equipment suppliers
      • Figure 76.21. Equipment suppliers in Indonesia
  • 76.11. Current and future key projects
    • 76.11.1. Current projects
    • 76.11.2. Future projects
      • 76.11.2.1. Large-scale priority projects
      • 76.11.2.2. Large-scale potential projects
  • 76.12. Future market directions
    • 76.12.1. Overview
    • 76.12.2. Notes on the market forecast
  • 76.13. Market forecast
    • Figure 76.22. Market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 76.23. Market forecast breakdown, 2013
    • Figure 76.24. Market forecast data, 2011-2018
    • Figure 76.25. Industrial markets, 2013-2017

77. Iran

  • 77.1. Main indicators
    • Figure 77.1. Population projections, 2010-2020
    • Figure 77.2. Economic indicators
  • 77.2. Water availability and demand
    • Figure 77.3. Water resources
    • Figure 77.4. Sectoral water withdrawal
  • 77.3. Municipal water
    • Figure 77.5. Water supply indicators
  • 77.4. Municipal wastewater
    • Figure 77.6. Wastewater indicators
  • 77.5. Private sector participation
    • Figure 77.7. Private contracts
  • 77.6. Market forecast
    • Figure 77.8. Market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 77.9. Market forecast breakdown, 2013
    • Figure 77.10. Market forecast data, 2011-2018

78. Iraq

  • 78.1. Main indicators
    • Figure 78.1. Population projections, 2010-2020
    • Figure 78.2. Economic indicators
  • 78.2. Water availability and demand
    • Figure 78.3. Water resources
    • Figure 78.4. Sectoral water withdrawal
  • 78.3. Municipal water
    • Figure 78.5. Water supply indicators
  • 78.4. Municipal wastewater
    • Figure 78.6. Wastewater indicators
  • 78.5. Market forecast
    • Figure 78.7. Market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 78.8. Market forecast breakdown, 2013
    • Figure 78.9. Market forecast data, 2011-2018

79. Israel

  • 79.1. Main indicators
    • Figure 79.1. Population projections, 2010-2020
    • Figure 79.2. Economic indicators
  • 79.2. Water availability and demand
    • Figure 79.3. Water resources
    • Figure 79.4. Sectoral water withdrawal
  • 79.3. Municipal water
    • Figure 79.5. Water supply indicators
  • 79.4. Municipal wastewater
    • Figure 79.6. Wastewater indicators
    • Figure 79.7. Volume of wastewater produced
    • Figure 79.8. Wastewater collected
    • Figure 79.9. Wastewater treatment by technology
  • 79.5. Private sector participation
    • Figure 79.10. Private contracts
  • 79.6. Market forecast
    • Figure 79.11. Market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 79.12. Market forecast breakdown, 2013
    • Figure 79.13. Market forecast data, 2011-2018

80. Japan

  • 80.1. Overview of indicators
    • Figure 80.1. Population projections, 2010-2020
    • Figure 80.2. Economic indicators
  • 80.2. Context and overview of challenges
  • 80.3. Water sector organisation and structure
    • 80.3.1. Government ministries and agencies
      • Figure 80.3. Governmental organisational structure in the water sector, as of 2011
    • 80.3.2. Water and wastewater service providers
      • Figure 80.4. Number of public utilities for water, wastewater and industrial water, 2010
  • 80.4. Government's water strategy
    • Figure 80.5. Water-related targets specified by MLIT, 2011-2016
  • 80.5. Water availability and demand
    • 80.5.1. Water availability
      • Figure 80.6. Water resources
    • 80.5.2. Sectoral water demand
      • Figure 80.7. Water demand in Japan by sector, 2006-2009
      • Figure 80.8. Industrial water usage in Japan by sector and application, 2010
  • 80.6. Municipal water and wastewater
    • Figure 80.9. Water supply indicators
    • Figure 80.10. Wastewater indicators
    • 80.6.1. Water treatment
      • Figure 80.11. Number of WTPs and the volume of water treated in Japan by technology, 2011
      • Figure 80.12. Number of WTPs employing advanced water treatment in Japan by technology, 2009
      • Figure 80.13. WTPs in the municipality of Tokyo, as of 2008
      • Figure 80.14. Major WTPs in Japan, 2011
    • 80.6.2. Desalination
      • Figure 80.15. Major desalination plants in Japan by design capacity, 2008
    • 80.6.3. Wastewater treatment
      • Figure 80.16. Volume of wastewater treated to primary, secondary and tertiary levels by plant size, 2009
      • Figure 80.17. Major WWTPs in Japan, 2009
    • 80.6.4. Water reuse
      • Figure 80.18. Number of reuse facilities in Japan by water reuse application, 2006
  • 80.7. Water finance
    • 80.7.1. Funding sources
      • 80.7.1.1. Tariffs
        • Figure 80.19. Typical tariff systems in Japan, 2006
    • 80.7.2. Capital expenditure
      • Figure 80.20. Capital investment in public enterprises, 2012
      • Figure 80.21. Funding sources of capital expenditure for the development of new facilities, 2006
      • Figure 80.22. Capital investment into water and wastewater, 2008-2012
    • 80.7.3. Operating expenditure
      • Figure 80.23. Funding sources for operating expenditure of existing facilities
      • Figure 80.24. Breakdown of O&M costs, 1975-2010
  • 80.8. Private sector participation
    • 80.8.1. Relevant laws and regulation
    • 80.8.2. Modes of private sector participation (PSP)
      • 80.8.2.1. O&M contracts
      • 80.8.2.2. Design-build-operate (DBO)
      • 80.8.2.3. Build-transfer-operate (BTO)
      • 80.8.2.4. Concessions
    • 80.8.3. EPC
  • 80.9. Procurement process for water and wastewater infrastructure
    • 80.9.1. Procurement models
    • 80.9.2. Project development
    • 80.9.3. Development of specifications
      • 80.9.3.1. Specifications for EPC projects
      • 80.9.3.2. Specifications for DBO an BTO projects
    • 80.9.4. Tender announcement
    • 80.9.5. Prequalification
    • 80.9.6. Bidding
      • 80.9.6.1. Bidders for EPC contracts
      • 80.9.6.2. Bidders for DBO and BTO contracts
    • 80.9.7. Evaluation of bids
    • 80.9.8. Award and contract negotiation
    • 80.9.9. Foreign participation
  • 80.10. Supply chain
    • 80.10.1. Overview
    • 80.10.2. Consulting engineers
    • 80.10.3. EPC contractors
    • 80.10.4. Private operators
    • 80.10.5. Equipment suppliers
      • Figure 80.25. Major equipment suppliers in the Japanese water sector
  • 80.11. Current and future key projects
    • 80.11.1. Current projects
      • Figure 80.26. Current projects in Japan
    • 80.11.2. Future projects
      • Figure 80.27. Examples of announced projects
  • 80.12. Future market directions
    • 80.12.1. Overview
    • 80.12.2. Notes on the market forecast
  • 80.13. Market forecast
    • Figure 80.28. Market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 80.29. Market forecast breakdown, 2013
    • Figure 80.30. Market forecast data, 2011-2018
    • Figure 80.31. Industrial markets, 2013-2017

81. Jordan

  • 81.1. Main indicators
    • Figure 81.1. Population projections, 2010-2020
    • Figure 81.2. Economic indicators
  • 81.2. Water availability and demand
    • Figure 81.3. Water resources
    • Figure 81.4. Sectoral water withdrawal
  • 81.3. Municipal water
    • Figure 81.5. Water supply indicators
  • 81.4. Municipal wastewater
    • Figure 81.6. Wastewater indicators
  • 81.5. Private sector participation
    • Figure 81.7. Private contracts
  • 81.6. Market forecast
    • Figure 81.8. Market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 81.9. Market forecast breakdown, 2013
    • Figure 81.10. Market forecast data, 2011-2018

82. Korea, Republic

  • 82.1. Main indicators
    • Figure 82.1. Population projections, 2010-2020
    • Figure 82.2. Economic indicators
  • 82.2. Water availability and demand
    • Figure 82.3. Water resources
    • Figure 82.4. Sectoral water withdrawal
  • 82.3. Municipal water
    • Figure 82.5. Water supply indicators
    • Figure 82.6. Number of people connected to water network
    • Figure 82.7. Percentage of people connected to water network
    • Figure 82.8. Municipal water supply capacity
    • Figure 82.9. Non-revenue water
  • 82.4. Municipal wastewater
    • Figure 82.10. Wastewater indicators
    • Figure 82.11. Percentage of people connected to wastewater network
  • 82.5. Private sector participation
    • Figure 82.12. Private contracts
  • 82.6. Market forecast
    • Figure 82.13. Market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 82.14. Market forecast breakdown, 2013
    • Figure 82.15. Market forecast data, 2011-2018

83. Kuwait

  • 83.1. Main indicators
    • Figure 83.1. Population projections, 2010-2020
    • Figure 83.2. Economic indicators
  • 83.2. Water availability and demand
    • Figure 83.3. Water resources
    • Figure 83.4. Sectoral water withdrawal
  • 83.3. Municipal water
    • Figure 83.5. Water supply indicators
  • 83.4. Municipal wastewater
    • Figure 83.6. Wastewater indicators
  • 83.5. Private sector participation
    • Figure 83.7. Private contracts
  • 83.6. Market forecast
    • Figure 83.8. Market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 83.9. Market forecast breakdown, 2013
    • Figure 83.10. Market forecast data, 2011-2018

84. Lebanon

  • 84.1. Main indicators
    • Figure 84.1. Population projections, 2010-2020
    • Figure 84.2. Economic indicators
  • 84.2. Water availability and demand
    • Figure 84.3. Water resources
    • Figure 84.4. Sectoral water withdrawal
  • 84.3. Municipal water
    • Figure 84.5. Water supply indicators
  • 84.4. Municipal wastewater
    • Figure 84.6. Wastewater indicators
  • 84.5. Market forecast
    • Figure 84.7. Market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 84.8. Market forecast breakdown, 2013
    • Figure 84.9. Market forecast data, 2011-2018

85. Libya

  • 85.1. Main indicators
    • Figure 85.1. Population projections, 2010-2020
    • Figure 85.2. Economic indicators
  • 85.2. Water availability and demand
    • Figure 85.3. Water resources
    • Figure 85.4. Sectoral water withdrawal
  • 85.3. Municipal water
    • Figure 85.5. Water supply indicators
  • 85.4. Municipal wastewater
    • Figure 85.6. Wastewater indicators
    • Figure 85.7. Wastewater treatment by technology
  • 85.5. Private sector participation
    • Figure 85.8. Private contracts
  • 85.6. Market forecast
    • Figure 85.9. Market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 85.10. Market forecast breakdown, 2013
    • Figure 85.11. Market forecast data, 2011-2018

86. Malaysia

  • 86.1. Overview of indicators
    • Figure 86.1. Population projections, 2010-2020
    • Figure 86.2. Economic indicators
  • 86.2. Context and overview of challenges
  • 86.3. Water sector organisation and structure
    • 86.3.1. Government ministries and agencies
      • Figure 86.3. Government ministries and agencies
    • 86.3.2. Water and wastewater service providers
      • 86.3.2.1. Water service providers
        • Figure 86.4. Water supply providers in Malaysia by state
      • 86.3.2.2. Wastewater service providers
  • 86.4. Government's water strategy
    • 86.4.1. 10th Malaysia Plan (2011-2015)
      • Figure 86.5. Government strategy for the water services industry in Malaysia
    • 86.4.2. National Water Resources Policy (NWRP)
    • 86.4.3. Wastewater strategy
    • 86.4.4. Water and wastewater projects within the Economic Transformation Programme
  • 86.5. Water availability and demand
    • 86.5.1. Water availability
      • Figure 86.6. Water resource availability in Malaysia by state
    • 86.5.2. Sectoral water demand
      • Figure 86.7. Projected sectoral water demand for Malaysia, 2010-2050
      • Figure 86.8. Breakdown of water demand by sector, 2010-2050
  • 86.6. Municipal water and wastewater
    • Figure 86.9. Water supply indicators
    • Figure 86.10. Wastewater indicators
    • 86.6.1. Water treatment
      • 86.6.1.1. Metered water consumption and NRW
        • Figure 86.11. Metered domestic and non-domestic consumption, 2007-2011
        • Figure 86.12. Volume of water feeding the system and percentage of NRW by state, 2011
        • Figure 86.13. Breakdown of water supply network by types of pipe, 2011
      • 86.6.1.2. Water treatment capacity
        • Figure 86.14. Water treatment design and operational capacity by state, 2011
        • Figure 86.15. Projected potable water demand for 2020 vs WTP design capacities as of 2011
        • Figure 86.16. Major WTPs in Malaysia
      • 86.6.1.3. Water treatment in Selangor
    • 86.6.2. Desalination
    • 86.6.3. Wastewater treatment
      • Figure 86.17. Wastewater services for Peninsular Malaysia, 2011
      • Figure 86.18. Public STPs in Peninsular Malaysia by type, 2011
      • Figure 86.19. Distribution of STPs by state, 2010
      • Figure 86.20. Number of STPs for the connected wastewater facilities by capacity, 2011
      • Figure 86.21. Major WWTPs in Malaysia
    • 86.6.4. Water reuse
  • 86.7. Water finance
    • 86.7.1. Funding sources
      • 86.7.1.1. Tariffs
        • Figure 86.22. Average domestic water tariffs for the first 35 m3 in Malaysia, 2009-2012
        • Figure 86.23. Structure of wastewater tariff in Malaysia by type of customer, 2012
    • 86.7.2. Capital expenditure
      • 86.7.2.1. Capital expenditure in the water sector
        • Figure 86.24. Schedule of proposed water supply projects in Malaysia and estimated costs, 2010-2050
        • Figure 86.25. Water supply projects in Malaysia until 2050 by state
      • 86.7.2.2. Capital expenditure in the wastewater sector
        • Figure 86.26. Capital investments in wastewater sector in Peninsular Malaysia, 2008-2011
        • Figure 86.27. Capital investments in the wastewater sector according to federal programme
    • 86.7.3. Operating expenditure
      • Figure 86.28. Total operating costs, total expenditure and revenues in the water sector, 2010-2011
      • Figure 86.29. Evolution of total expenditure and revenue in the water sector, 2007-2011
      • Figure 86.30. Total operating costs, total expenditure and revenues in the wastewater sector, 2010-2011
      • Figure 86.31. Evolution of total expenditure and revenue in the wastewater sector, 2007-2011
  • 86.8. Private sector participation
    • Figure 86.32. Summary of PPI projects in Malaysia
  • 86.9. Procurement process for water and wastewater infrastructure
    • 86.9.1. Procurement procedures
    • 86.9.2. Procurement requirements
      • Figure 86.33. Registration requirements for supply chain companies in Malaysia
      • Figure 86.34. PKK classes for civil work contractors
    • 86.9.3. Procurement stages
      • 86.9.3.1. Tender
        • Figure 86.35. Procurement process of Malaysia
    • 86.9.4. Procurement models
  • 86.10. Supply chain
    • 86.10.1. Consulting engineers
    • 86.10.2. Contractors
      • Figure 86.36. Major EPC contractors active in more than one sector of the supply chain in Malaysia
    • 86.10.3. Private operators
      • 86.10.3.1. Selangor case
    • 86.10.4. Equipment suppliers
  • 86.11. Current and future key projects
    • 86.11.1. Current projects
      • Figure 86.37. Water supply projects under the 10th Malaysia Plan for the period 2011-2012
      • Figure 86.38. Current projects in the Malaysian water industry
    • 86.11.2. Future projects
      • Figure 86.39. Future projects in the Malaysian water industry
  • 86.12. Future market directions
    • 86.12.1. Overview
    • 86.12.2. Notes on the market forecast
  • 86.13. Market forecast
    • Figure 86.40. Market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 86.41. Market forecast breakdown, 2013
    • Figure 86.42. Market forecast data, 2011-2018
    • Figure 86.43. Industrial markets, 2013-2017

87. Morocco

  • 87.1. Main indicators
    • Figure 87.1. Population projections, 2010-2020
    • Figure 87.2. Economic indicators
  • 87.2. Water availability and demand
    • Figure 87.3. Water resources
    • Figure 87.4. Sectoral water withdrawal
  • 87.3. Municipal water
    • Figure 87.5. Water supply indicators
  • 87.4. Municipal wastewater
    • Figure 87.6. Wastewater indicators
    • Figure 87.7. Wastewater treated to secondary level
  • 87.5. Private sector participation
    • Figure 87.8. Private contracts
  • 87.6. Market forecast
    • Figure 87.9. Market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 87.10. Market forecast breakdown, 2013
    • Figure 87.11. Market forecast data, 2011-2018

88. New Zealand

  • 88.1. Main indicators
    • Figure 88.1. Population projections, 2010-2020
    • Figure 88.2. Economic indicators
  • 88.2. Water availability and demand
    • Figure 88.3. Water resources
    • Figure 88.4. Sectoral water withdrawal
  • 88.3. Municipal water
    • Figure 88.5. Water supply indicators
    • Figure 88.6. Number of people connected to water network
    • Figure 88.7. Percentage of people connected to water network
    • Figure 88.8. Municipal water supply capacity
  • 88.4. Municipal wastewater
    • Figure 88.9. Wastewater indicators
    • Figure 88.10. Volume of wastewater produced
    • Figure 88.11. Wastewater treatment by technology
  • 88.5. Private sector participation
    • Figure 88.12. Private contracts
  • 88.6. Market forecast
    • Figure 88.13. Market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 88.14. Market forecast breakdown, 2013
    • Figure 88.15. Market forecast data, 2011-2018

89. Oman

  • 89.1. Main indicators
    • Figure 89.1. Population projections, 2010-2020
    • Figure 89.2. Economic indicators
  • 89.2. Water availability and demand
    • Figure 89.3. Water resources
    • Figure 89.4. Sectoral water withdrawal
  • 89.3. Municipal water
    • Figure 89.5. Water supply indicators
  • 89.4. Municipal wastewater
    • Figure 89.6. Wastewater indicators
  • 89.5. Private sector participation
    • Figure 89.7. Private contracts
  • 89.6. Market forecast
    • Figure 89.8. Market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 89.9. Market forecast breakdown, 2013
    • Figure 89.10. Market forecast data, 2011-2018

90. Pakistan

  • 90.1. Main indicators
    • Figure 90.1. Population projections, 2010-2020
    • Figure 90.2. Economic indicators
  • 90.2. Water availability and demand
    • Figure 90.3. Water resources
    • Figure 90.4. Sectoral water withdrawal
  • 90.3. Municipal water
    • Figure 90.5. Water supply indicators
  • 90.4. Municipal wastewater
    • Figure 90.6. Wastewater indicators
  • 90.5. Market forecast
    • Figure 90.7. Market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 90.8. Market forecast breakdown, 2013
    • Figure 90.9. Market forecast data, 2011-2018

91. Philippines

  • 91.1. Overview of indicators
    • Figure 91.1. Population projections, 2010-2020
    • Figure 91.2. Economic indicators
  • 91.2. Context and overview of challenges
  • 91.3. Water sector organisation and structure
    • 91.3.1. Government ministries and agencies
      • Figure 91.3. Organisations of the water sector in the Philippines
    • 91.3.2. Local authorities
      • Figure 91.4. Regional breakdown of LGUs in the Philippines, 2010
    • 91.3.3. Water and wastewater service providers
      • Figure 91.5. Regional breakdown of the population served in 2009, by water service provider
      • 91.3.3.1. Service providers in Metro Manila
        • Figure 91.6. Characteristics of concessionaires in Metro Manila
      • 91.3.3.2. Service providers outside Metro Manila
  • 91.4. Government's water strategy
  • 91.5. Water availability and demand
    • 91.5.1. Water availability
      • Figure 91.7. Water resources
    • 91.5.2. Sectoral water demand
      • Figure 91.8. Sectoral water demand in the Philippines, 2011
  • 91.6. Municipal water and wastewater
    • Figure 91.9. Water supply indicators
    • Figure 91.10. Wastewater indicators
    • 91.6.1. Water treatment
      • 91.6.1.1. Overview
        • Figure 91.11. Levels of water system in the Philippines, official definitions
        • Figure 91.12. Breakdown of households in the Philippines by level of water access, 2009
      • 91.6.1.2. Water treatment in Metro Manila
        • Figure 91.13. Characteristics of the water service in Metro Manila, by zone
        • Figure 91.14. Raw water reservoirs in Metro Manila
        • Figure 91.15. Major WTPs in the Philippines, by capacity
      • 91.6.1.3. Water treatment outside Metro Manila
    • 91.6.2. Desalination
    • 91.6.3. Wastewater treatment
      • 91.6.3.1. Overview
        • Figure 91.16. Characteristics of the wastewater service in Metro Manila, by zone
      • 91.6.3.2. Wastewater treatment in the west zone of Metro Manila
        • Figure 91.17. Main wastewater systems in Metro Manila
        • Figure 91.18. Work undertaken by Maynilad on Metro Manila's wastewater infrastructure
      • 91.6.3.3. Wastewater treatment in the east zone of Metro Manila
        • Figure 91.19. Major WWTPs in the Philippines, by capacity
    • 91.6.4. Water reuse
  • 91.7. Water finance
    • 91.7.1. Funding sources
      • 91.7.1.1. Tariffs
      • Figure 91.20. Water tariffs for residential users in Metro Manila and Davao City, 2012
      • 91.7.1.2. Sagana at Ligtas na Tubig sa Lahat
      • 91.7.1.3. Philippines Water Revolving Fund (PWRF)
      • 91.7.1.4. Metro Manila Wastewater Management Project
        • Figure 91.21. Projected progression of wastewater network coverage in Metro Manila, 2012-2037
    • 91.7.2. Capital expenditure
      • Figure 91.22. Capital expenditure for water and wastewater infrastructure in the Philippines, 2008-2010
    • 91.7.3. Operating expenditure
      • Figure 91.23. Operating expenditure for water and wastewater infrastructure in the Philippines, 2008-2010
  • 91.8. Private sector participation
    • 91.8.1. Emphasis on private sector participation since 2010
      • 91.8.1.1. Framework for private sector participation
      • 91.8.1.2. The PPP Center, a dedicated agency
        • Figure 91.24. PPP projects underway in the Philippines, 2013
    • 91.8.2. Private sector participation: Current situation
      • 91.8.2.1. Overview
        • Figure 91.25. Concessions outside of Metro Manila awarded to Manila Water
      • 91.8.2.2. Future perspectives
  • 91.9. Procurement process for water and wastewater infrastructure
    • 91.9.1. Procurement process followed by governmental entities
      • Figure 91.26. Procurement process followed by governmental entities in the Philippines
    • 91.9.2. Procurement process followed by private entities
  • 91.10. Supply chain
    • 91.10.1. Consulting engineers
      • Figure 91.27. Consulting engineers present in the water and wastewater market in the Philippines
    • 91.10.2. Contractors
      • Figure 91.28. Contractors present in the water and wastewater market in the Philippines
    • 91.10.3. Private operators
      • Figure 91.29. Private operators present in the water and wastewater market in the Philippines
    • 91.10.4. Equipment suppliers
      • Figure 91.30. Equipment suppliers present in the water and wastewater market in the Philippines
  • 91.11. Current and future key projects
    • Figure 91.31. Breakdown of the Metro Manila Wastewater Management Project
  • 91.12. Future market directions
    • 91.12.1. Overview
    • 91.12.2. Notes on the market forecast
  • 91.13. Market forecast
    • Figure 91.32. Market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 91.33. Market forecast breakdown, 2013
    • Figure 91.34. Market forecast data, 2011-2018
    • Figure 91.35. Industrial markets, 2013-2017

92. Qatar

  • 92.1. Main indicators
    • Figure 92.1. Population projections, 2010-2020
    • Figure 92.2. Economic indicators
  • 92.2. Water availability and demand
    • Figure 92.3. Water resources
    • Figure 92.4. Sectoral water withdrawal
  • 92.3. Municipal water
    • Figure 92.5. Water supply indicators
  • 92.4. Municipal wastewater
    • Figure 92.6. Wastewater indicators
  • 92.5. Private sector participation
    • Figure 92.7. Private contracts
  • 92.6. Market forecast
    • Figure 92.8. Market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 92.9. Market forecast breakdown, 2013
    • Figure 92.10. Market forecast data, 2011-2018

93. Saudi Arabia

  • 93.1. Overview of indicators
    • Figure 93.1. Population projections, 2010-2020
    • Figure 93.2. Economic indicators
  • 93.2. Context and overview of challenges
  • 93.3. Water sector organisation and structure
    • 93.3.1. Government ministries and agencies
      • 93.3.1.1. The Ministry of Water and Electricity
      • 93.3.1.2. The National Water Company
      • 93.3.1.3. The Saline Water Conversion Corporation
      • 93.3.1.4. The Water and Electricity Company
      • 93.3.1.5. Electricity and Co-generation Regulatory Authority
      • 93.3.1.6. Other institutions
    • 93.3.2. Water and wastewater service providers
    • 93.3.3. The structure of water supply in Saudi Arabia
      • Figure 93.3. Water and wastewater authorities in Saudi Arabia
  • 93.4. Government's water strategy
    • 93.4.1. National Water Strategy
      • 93.4.1.1. Conserving and developing water resources
        • Figure 93.4. MOWE conservation targets, 2013
      • 93.4.1.2. Improving governance and management
        • Figure 93.5. Regions with regulated aquifer withdrawal in Saudi Arabia, 2010-2040
      • 93.4.1.3. Improving water services
        • Figure 93.6. MOWE service targets, 2013
    • 93.4.2. Renewable energy
      • Figure 93.7. Projected water supply in Saudi Arabia by source, 2011
    • 93.4.3. Privatisation
  • 93.5. Water availability and demand
    • 93.5.1. Water availability
      • Figure 93.8. Estimated water resources in Saudi Arabia, 2010
    • 93.5.2. Sectoral water demand
      • Figure 93.9. Estimated water demand by source in Saudi Arabia, 2010-2060
  • 93.6. Municipal water and wastewater
    • Figure 93.10. Water supply indicators
    • Figure 93.11. Wastewater indicators
    • 93.6.1. Water treatment
      • Figure 93.12. Domestic water supply by source in Saudi Arabia, 2010
      • Figure 93.13. WTPs in Saudi Arabia serving Riyadh
    • 93.6.2. Desalination
      • Figure 93.14. The largest seawater desalination plants in Saudi Arabia
    • 93.6.3. Wastewater treatment
      • Figure 93.15. Wastewater flow and treatment capacity in Saudi Arabia, 2010
      • Figure 93.16. Major WWTPs by design capacity in Saudi Arabia, 2013
    • 93.6.4. Water reuse
      • Figure 93.17. Reuse in Saudi Arabia by sector, 2010-2035
      • Figure 93.18. MOWE guidance on treated wastewater quality
  • 93.7. Water finance
    • 93.7.1. Funding sources
      • 93.7.1.1. Tariffs
      • 93.7.1.2. The National Water Company's TSE programme
      • Figure 93.19. NWC income projections by source, 2012-2030
    • 93.7.2. Capital expenditure
      • 93.7.2.1. National Water Company
        • Figure 93.20. NWC capital investment forecast, 2012-2017
      • 93.7.2.2. Saline Water Conversion Corporation
    • 93.7.3. Operating expenditure
  • 93.8. Private sector participation
    • 93.8.1. Independent Water and Power Projects (IWPPs)
    • 93.8.2. SWCC privatisation
    • 93.8.3. NWC privatisation
  • 93.9. Procurement process for water and wastewater infrastructure
    • 93.9.1. National Water Company (NWC)
      • 93.9.1.1. Prequalification
      • 93.9.1.2. Bidding
      • 93.9.1.3. Bid evaluation and award
    • 93.9.2. MOWE
    • 93.9.3. Saline Water Conversion Corporation
      • 93.9.3.1. Prequalification
      • 93.9.3.2. Bidding and award
    • 93.9.4. Marafiq and the Royal Commission for Jubail and Yanbu
    • 93.9.5. Industrial customers
  • 93.10. Supply chain
    • 93.10.1. Consulting engineers
      • 93.10.1.1. Water and wastewater
      • 93.10.1.2. Desalination
    • 93.10.2. Contractors
      • 93.10.2.1. Leading thermal desalination contractors
    • 93.10.3. Developers
      • Figure 93.21. Saudi IWPP developers
    • 93.10.4. Private operators
      • Figure 93.22. NWC's key city water managers
      • 93.10.4.1. IWPPs
        • Figure 93.23. IWPP O&M contracts in Saudi Arabia
      • 93.10.4.2. Other private operators
    • 93.10.5. Equipment suppliers
  • 93.11. Current and future key projects
    • 93.11.1. Current projects
    • 93.11.2. Future projects
      • 93.11.2.1. NWC's wastewater pipeline
      • 93.11.2.2. SWCC desalination pipeline
      • 93.11.2.3. Marafiq project pipeline
  • 93.12. Future market directions
    • 93.12.1. Overview
    • 93.12.2. Notes on the market forecast
  • 93.13. Market forecast
    • Figure 93.24. Market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 93.25. Market forecast breakdown, 2013
    • Figure 93.26. Market forecast data, 2011-2018
    • Figure 93.27. Industrial markets, 2013-2017

94. Singapore

  • 94.1. Main indicators
    • Figure 94.1. Population projections, 2010-2020
    • Figure 94.2. Economic indicators
  • 94.2. Water availability and demand
    • Figure 94.3. Water resources
    • Figure 94.4. Sectoral water withdrawal
  • 94.3. Municipal water
    • Figure 94.5. Water supply indicators
    • Figure 94.6. Percentage of people connected to water network
    • Figure 94.7. Number of water connections
    • Figure 94.8. Non-revenue water
  • 94.4. Municipal wastewater
    • Figure 94.9. Wastewater indicators
    • Figure 94.10. Number of wastewater connections
    • Figure 94.11. Percentage of people connected to wastewater network
    • Figure 94.13. Wastewater collected
  • 94.5. Private sector participation
    • Figure 94.14. Private contracts
  • 94.6. Market forecast
    • Figure 94.15. Market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 94.16. Market forecast breakdown, 2013
    • Figure 94.17. Market forecast data, 2011-2018

95. Sri Lanka

  • 95.1. Main indicators
    • Figure 95.1. Population projections, 2010-2020
    • Figure 95.2. Economic indicators
  • 95.2. Water availability and demand
    • Figure 95.3. Water resources
    • Figure 95.4. Sectoral water withdrawal
  • 95.3. Municipal water
    • Figure 95.5. Water supply indicators
    • Figure 95.6. Percentage of people connected to water network
    • Figure 95.7. Number of water connections
    • Figure 95.8. Municipal water supply capacity
  • 95.4. Municipal wastewater
    • Figure 95.9. Wastewater indicators
    • Figure 95.10. Number of wastewater connections
  • 95.5. Market forecast
    • Figure 95.11. Market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 95.12. Market forecast breakdown, 2013
    • Figure 95.13. Market forecast data, 2011-2018

96. Taiwan

  • 96.1. Main indicators
    • Figure 96.1. Population projections, 2010-2020
    • Figure 96.2. Economic indicators
  • 96.2. Municipal water
    • Figure 96.3. Water supply indicators
    • Figure 96.4. Number of people connected to water network
    • Figure 96.5. Percentage of people connected to water network
    • Figure 96.6. Number of water connections
  • 96.3. Municipal wastewater
    • Figure 96.7. Wastewater indicators
    • Figure 96.8. Number of people connected to wastewater network
    • Figure 96.9. Number of wastewater connections
    • Figure 96.10. Percentage of people connected to wastewater network
    • Figure 96.11. Volume of wastewater produced
    • Figure 96.12. Wastewater collected
    • Figure 96.13. Wastewater treatment by technology
  • 96.4. Private sector participation
    • Figure 96.14. Private contracts
  • 96.5. Market forecast
    • Figure 96.15. Market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 96.16. Market forecast breakdown, 2013
    • Figure 96.17. Market forecast data, 2011-2018

97. Thailand

  • 97.1. Main indicators
    • Figure 97.1. Population projections, 2010-2020
    • Figure 97.2. Economic indicators
  • 97.2. Water availability and demand
    • Figure 97.3. Water resources
    • Figure 97.4. Sectoral water withdrawal
  • 97.3. Municipal water
    • Figure 97.5. Water supply indicators
  • 97.4. Municipal wastewater
    • Figure 97.6. Wastewater indicators
    • Figure 97.7. Percentage of people connected to wastewater network
    • Figure 97.8. Wastewater treatment by technology
  • 97.5. Private sector participation
    • Figure 97.9. Private contracts
  • 97.6. Market forecast
    • Figure 97.10. Market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 97.11. Market forecast breakdown, 2013
    • Figure 97.12. Market forecast data, 2011-2018

98. Tunisia

  • 98.1. Main indicators
    • Figure 98.1. Population projections, 2010-2020
    • Figure 98.2. Economic indicators
  • 98.2. Water availability and demand
    • Figure 98.3. Water resources
    • Figure 98.4. Sectoral water withdrawal
  • 98.3. Municipal water
    • Figure 98.5. Water supply indicators
  • 98.4. Municipal wastewater
    • Figure 98.6. Wastewater indicators
  • 98.5. Private sector participation
    • Figure 98.7. Private contracts
  • 98.6. Market forecast
    • Figure 98.8. Market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 98.9. Market forecast breakdown, 2013
    • Figure 98.10. Market forecast data, 2011-2018

99. United Arab Emirates

  • 99.1. Overview of indicators
    • Figure 99.1. Population projections, 2010-2020
    • Figure 99.2. Economic indicators
  • 99.2. Context and overview of challenges
  • 99.3. Water sector organisation and structure
    • 99.3.1. Government ministries and agencies
      • 99.3.1.1. Supply, water transmission and distribution
    • 99.3.2. Water and wastewater companies
      • 99.3.2.1. Regulated water-generating companies
      • 99.3.2.2. Regulated wastewater treatment companies
    • 99.3.3. Structure of water supply in Abu Dhabi
      • Figure 99.3. Organisation of the water and electricity sector in Abu Dhabi
  • 99.4. Government's water strategy
    • 99.4.1. Plan Abu Dhabi 2030
    • 99.4.2. Waterwise and demand management
    • 99.4.3. Renewable energy
  • 99.5. Water availability and demand
    • 99.5.1. Water availability
      • Figure 99.4. Estimated renewable water resources in Abu Dhabi, 2013
    • 99.5.2. Sectoral water demand
      • Figure 99.5. Water sources and water use in Abu Dhabi, 2007
      • Figure 99.6. Potable water consumption by sector in Abu Dhabi, 2009
    • 99.5.3. Supply to the Northern Emirates
      • Figure 99.7. ADWEC's estimated peak daily demand from Abu Dhabi and Northern Emirates, 2011-2030
  • 99.6. Municipal water and wastewater
    • Figure 99.8. Water supply indicators
    • Figure 99.9. Wastewater indicators
    • 99.6.1. Water treatment
    • 99.6.2. Desalination
    • Figure 99.10. The largest desalination plants in Abu Dhabi
    • 99.6.3. Wastewater treatment
      • Figure 99.11. Treated sewage effluent quality at the Mafraq WWTP, 2007
      • Figure 99.12. Largest WWTPs in Abu Dhabi
    • 99.6.4. Water reuse
  • 99.7. Water finance
    • 99.7.1. Funding sources
      • 99.7.1.1. Tariffs
        • Figure 99.13. Water tariff rates in Abu Dhabi
      • 99.7.1.2. Government subsidy
    • 99.7.2. Capital expenditure
    • 99.7.3. Operating expenditure
  • 99.8. Private sector participation
    • 99.8.1. Independent water and power projects
    • 99.8.2. Wastewater BOOs
    • 99.8.3. Wastewater network operation
      • Figure 99.14. Abu Dhabi's wastewater infrastructure areas
  • 99.9. Procurement process for water and wastewater infrastructure
    • 99.9.1. Private sector contract models
      • Figure 99.15. Typical BOO contract structure
    • 99.9.2. ADWEA
      • 99.9.2.1. Prequalification
      • 99.9.2.2. Bidding and award
    • 99.9.3. ADSSC
  • 99.10. Supply chain
    • 99.10.1. Consulting engineers
    • 99.10.2. Contractors
      • 99.10.2.1. Desalination
      • 99.10.2.2. Wastewater
    • 99.10.3. Developers
      • Figure 99.16. Private developers in Abu Dhabi
    • 99.10.4. Private operators
      • 99.10.4.1. Private plant operators
        • Figure 99.17. Private plant operators in Abu Dhabi
      • 99.10.4.2. Wastewater network operators
    • 99.10.5. Equipment suppliers
  • 99.11. Current and future key projects
    • 99.11.1. Current projects
    • 99.11.2. Future projects
  • 99.12. Future market directions
    • 99.12.1. Overview
    • 99.12.2. Notes on the market forecast
  • 99.13. Market forecast
    • Figure 99.18. Market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 99.19. Market forecast breakdown, 2013
    • Figure 99.20. Market forecast data, 2011-2018
    • Figure 99.21. Industrial markets, 2013-2017

100. Vietnam

  • 100.1. Overview of indicators
    • Figure 100.1. Population projections, 2010-2020
    • Figure 100.2. Economic indicators
  • 100.2. Context and overview of challenges
  • 100.3. Water sector organisation and structure
    • Figure 100.3. Governmental ministries and agencies responsible for the water sector in Vietnam
    • 100.3.1. Main governmental agencies
    • 100.3.2. Other agencies
    • 100.3.3. Classification of urban areas in Vietnam
      • Figure 100.4. Classification of Vietnam's urban areas and future projections
    • 100.3.4. Water and wastewater service providers
      • 100.3.4.1. Water service providers
        • Figure 100.5. Water utilities in Vietnam, 2009
      • 100.3.4.2. Wastewater service providers
  • 100.4. Government's water strategy
    • 100.4.1. Vietnam's national water strategy
    • 100.4.2. Urban water plans
      • Figure 100.6. Vietnam's water targets for urban areas, 2015-2025
    • 100.4.3. Urban wastewater plans
      • Figure 100.7. Vietnam's wastewater targets for urban areas, 2015-2025
    • 100.4.4. Rural water supply and sanitation (RWSS) programme
      • Figure 100.8. National Target Programme (NTP) for RWSS - targets to be met by 2015
  • 100.5. Water availability and demand
    • 100.5.1. Water availability
      • Figure 100.9. Water resources in Vietnam, 2011
    • 100.5.2. Sectoral water demand
      • Figure 100.10. Freshwater withdrawal in Vietnam by sector, 2005
      • Figure 100.11. Water withdrawal in Vietnam by water source, 2005
  • 100.6. Municipal water and wastewater
    • 100.6.1. Drinking water sources in Vietnam
      • Figure 100.12. Breakdown of households in Vietnam by main drinking water source, 2002-2010
      • Figure 100.13. Breakdown of households in urban & rural areas of Vietnam by main drinking water source, 2010
      • 100.6.1.1. Urban water supply
        • Figure 100.14. Performance of water utilities in Vietnam in 2009
        • Figure 100.16. Total water produced in Vietnam, 2007-2009
      • 100.6.1.2. Rural water supply
    • 100.6.2. Water treatment
      • Figure 100.17. The 10 largest WTPs in Vietnam
      • Figure 100.18. Water supply indicators
      • Figure 100.19. Wastewater indicators
    • 100.6.3. Sanitation in Vietnam
    • 100.6.4. Wastewater treatment
      • Figure 100.20. Existing WWTPs in Vietnam, 2012
    • 100.6.5. Desalination
  • 100.7. Water finance
    • 100.7.1. Funding sources
      • 100.7.1.1. Tariffs
        • Figure 100.21. Water tariffs in Hanoi and HCMC, 2012
      • 100.7.1.2. Official development assistance (ODA) funding
        • Figure 100.22. ODA funding in Vietnam's water and wastewater sector since 1996
    • 100.7.2. Future investment needs
      • 100.7.2.1. Urban water and wastewater
        • Figure 100.24. Future investment needs to achieve water supply targets by 2020
        • Figure 100.25. Future investment needs to achieve drainage and wastewater targets by 2020
      • 100.7.2.2. Rural water supply and sanitation programme (RWSS)
        • Figure 100.26. Budget for RWSS implementation, 2012-2015
    • 100.7.3. Operating expenditure
      • Figure 100.27. Estimated operating costs and revenues, 2007-2009
  • 100.8. Private sector participation
    • 100.8.1. General issues regarding private involvement in the water sector
    • 100.8.2. Regulatory framework for PPP
    • 100.8.2.1. Decree 108
    • 100.8.2.2. Decision 71
    • 100.8.2.3. Equitised assets
    • 100.8.2.4. Private-private contracts
      • Figure 100.28. JICA PPP preparatory survey funded projects
  • 100.9. Procurement process for water and wastewater infrastructure
    • 100.9.1. Overview of the procurement process
    • 100.9.2. Standard public procurement
      • 100.9.2.1. Standard procurement on paper
      • 100.9.2.2. Standard procurement in practice
    • 100.9.3. IFI-financed projects
    • 100.9.4. Bilateral donor-financed projects
    • 100.9.5. Other opportunities for private companies
    • 100.9.6. Corruption
  • 100.10. Supply chain
    • 100.10.1. Consulting engineers
      • Figure 100.29. Consulting engineers active in Vietnam
    • 100.10.2. Contractors
      • Figure 100.30. EPC companies active in Vietnam
    • 100.10.3. Private operators
    • 100.10.4. Equipment suppliers
      • Figure 100.31. Equipment suppliers active in Vietnam
  • 100.11. Current and future key projects in Vietnam
    • Figure 100.32. Current and future projects funded by the ADB and World Bank in Vietnam
    • Figure 100.33. List of future WWTPs in Vietnam
    • Figure 100.34. List of future WTPs in Vietnam
  • 100.12. Future market directions
    • 100.12.1. Overview
    • 100.12.2. Notes on the market forecast
  • 100.13. Market forecast
    • Figure 100.35. Market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 100.36. Market forecast breakdown, 2013
    • Figure 100.37. Market forecast data, 2011-2018
    • Figure 100.38. Industrial markets, 2013-2017

101. Yemen

  • 101.1. Main indicators
    • Figure 101.1. Population projections, 2010-2020
    • Figure 101.2. Economic indicators
  • 101.2. Water availability and demand
    • Figure 101.3. Water resources
    • Figure 101.4. Sectoral water withdrawal
  • 101.3. Municipal water
    • Figure 101.5. Water supply indicators
  • 101.4. Municipal wastewater
    • Figure 101.6. Wastewater indicators
    • Figure 101.7. Wastewater treatment by technology
  • 101.5. Market forecast
    • Figure 101.8. Market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 101.9. Market forecast breakdown, 2013
    • Figure 101.10. Market forecast data, 2011-2018

References

Show More
Pricing