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Wireless Power Transmission for Consumer Electronics and Electric Vehicles 2014-2024

"The most vibrant WPT markets will be the contactless charging of portable and mobile equipment."

Over the next decade, the most vibrant Wireless Power Transmission (WPT) markets will involve the contactless charging of portable and mobile equipment, in particular consumer electronics and electric vehicles and this is the focus of this report. These two aspects go together because the technology is similar, some proposed standards overlap and some suppliers seek to serve both markets.

Later, this will lead to contactless power for a high proportion of static consumer, industrial and military electronics. For now, it primarily concerns wireless charging of lithium-ion batteries in portable consumer electronics and in land, water and airborne electric vehicles, particularly cars, both hybrid and pure electric. These travel considerable distances and ready availability of standard, convenient ie contactless, charging capability is key to their widespread adoption. To the user of consumer electronics, this is particularly driven by the ever greater functionality and longer hours of use of mobile phones calling for frequent charging, given that the batteries are not improving fast enough.

Consumer electronics has a very powerful driver towards contactless charging in the form of the extreme inconvenience of the proliferation of electrically charged products each with an incompatible charging power supply, three to four billion units being made every year - a potential market for wireless charging pairs of up to ten billion dollars yearly, given market growth and an allied market of wireless power to electronic and electric consumer products that do not need charging. Similarly, there is a large unmet demand for wireless charging of vehicles, so the driver avoids the inconvenience, dirtiness and danger of having to get out of the vehicle to plug in something during bad weather or dangerous neighbourhoods. Many prefer not to handle heavy electrical equipment.

Fig. 1. Global market value of the three levels of car charging station 2014

Source: IDTechEx

*Most at currents not yet achievable with commercial contactless charging systems.

IDTechEx forecasts the number, unit value and market value of this charging equipment, including separately the Levels 1-3 of charging speed for vehicles. The forecasts reflect a full consideration of the many market drivers. Unusually, the report evaluates the many negatives delaying market growth not just the positives that are the focus of previous reports on this subject that tend to substitute enthusiasm for reality. The technology options, suppliers and their successes and challenges, standards activities and the influence of related technologies such as metamaterials, printed electronics and printed electrics are considered. The relevant needs of the consumer packaged goods industry are considered as it becomes electronic.

Table of Contents

1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS

2. INTRODUCTION

  • 2.1. What is Wireless Power Transmission (WPT)?

3. TECHNOLOGIES

  • 3.1. Device power consumption
  • 3.2. WPT past present and future
  • 3.3. What WPT encompasses
  • 3.4. Charging levels
  • 3.5. Options for short range inductive coupling
  • 3.6. Radio Frequency RF
  • 3.7. Radio frequency UHF
  • 3.8. Ambient energy harvesting
  • 3.9. Duke University
  • 3.10. Microwave and laser beams
    • 3.10.1. The laser and microwave alternatives

4. STANDARDS

  • 4.1. Wireless Power Consortium
  • 4.2. The purpose of the Wireless Power Consortium
  • 4.3. Progress in adopting the standards
  • 4.4. Consumer Electronics Association
  • 4.5. Contacted power supply standard in the European Union
  • 4.6. Contacted power supply standard in the People's Republic of China
  • 4.7. Contacted power supply standard in South Korea

5. ORGANISATIONS WIRELESSLY POWERING TRADITIONAL ELECTRONICS

  • 5.1.1. AMIMON
  • 5.1.2. Dell USA
  • 5.1.3. Energizer USA
  • 5.1.4. Fulton Innovation USA
  • 5.1.5. Haier Group USA
  • 5.1.6. Hewlett Packard
  • 5.1.7. Intel USA
  • 5.1.8. Isis Innovation Ltd
  • 5.1.9. KI USA
  • 5.1.10. Leggett & Pratt USA
  • 5.1.11. Marconi Circuit Technology Corporation USA
  • 5.1.12. Mojo Mobility USA
  • 5.1.13. Nokia Finland
  • 5.1.14. Philips Netherlands
  • 5.1.15. Powermat USA
  • 5.1.16. PureEnergy Solutions USA
  • 5.1.17. Qualcomm USA
  • 5.1.18. Research in Motion USA
  • 5.1.19. Rohm USA
  • 5.1.20. RTX Consumer Products Hong Kong
  • 5.1.21. Sanyo Japan
  • 5.1.22. Seiko Epson Corporation Japan
  • 5.1.23. Texas Instruments USA
  • 5.1.24. Wipower USA

6. POWERING CONSUMER PACKAGED GOODS CPG

  • 6.1. The need for WPT with CPG
    • 6.1.1. Bundesdruckerei Germany
    • 6.1.2. Fulton Innovation USA
    • 6.1.3. Poly IC Germany
    • 6.1.4. Schreiner PrinTronics Germany
    • 6.1.5. Toppan Forms Japan

7. CHARGING ELECTRIC VEHICLES

  • 7.1. History of vehicle charging
  • 7.2. Company profiles
    • 7.2.1. Car Charging Group: parking bumper charging
    • 7.2.2. Conductix-Wampfler Italy
    • 7.2.3. Energy Dynamics Laboratory USA
    • 7.2.4. Evatran USA
    • 7.2.5. HaloIPT New Zealand
    • 7.2.6. Korea Advanced Institute of Technology
    • 7.2.7. Magna-Charge USA
    • 7.2.8. Nissan Japan
    • 7.2.9. Presidio Graduate School USA
    • 7.2.10. RRC Germany
    • 7.2.11. Siemens-BMW
    • 7.2.12. Singapore A*STAR
    • 7.2.13. Utah State University USA
    • 7.2.14. Volvo and Flanders Drive Sweden, Belgium
    • 7.2.15. WiTricity and Partners USA

8. GLOBAL MARKET FOR ELECTRIC VEHICLE CHARGING INFRASTRUCTURE

  • 8.1. Ten year forecasts
  • 8.2. Pricing information
  • 8.3. Forecasts of Level 1, 2 & 3
  • 8.4. Examples of expenditure in China
  • 8.5. Market beyond cars
  • 8.6. Vehicle projections by type
  • 8.7. Market drivers for charging stations

9. MARKET FORECASTS

  • 9.1. WPT Forecasts 2014-2024
  • 9.2. Market by region
    • 9.2.1. Technology road map

APPENDIX 1: GLOSSARY

APPENDIX 2: IDTECHEX RESEARCH REPORTS

APPENDIX 3: INTRODUCTION TO METAMATERIALS

APPENDIX 4: INTRODUCTION PRINTED ELECTRONICS

TABLES

  • 1.1. Number, unit value ex-factory and total market value rounded of WPT hardware sold for consumer electronics worldwide 2014-2024
  • 1.2. Number, hardware unit value ex-factory excluding any power storage and total market value rounded of contactless on-road vehicle charging stations sold worldwide in thousands 2014-2024
  • 1.3. Number of on-road vehicle charging stations sold worldwide in thousands 2014-2024, residential, other and total, rounded, including plug-in and contactless
  • 1.4. Global market value of the three levels of car charging station 2014-2024 in $ millions
  • 3.1. 2000 year history of WPT, wireless power charging and batteries
  • 7.1. The good and the bad of inductive contactless charging of electric vehicles
  • 8.1. Global market for electric vehicle chargers US$ billion ex factory 2011 and 2021 rounded
  • 8.2. Approximate global car charging station market in 2011 and 2021 in $ billion rounded
  • 8.3. Value of the global traction battery charging station hardware market 2011-2021 giving percent of total for East Asia, Europe and North America for 2011 and 2021
  • 8.4. Number of on-road vehicle charging stations sold worldwide in thousands 2014-2024, residential, other and total, rounded, including plug-in and contactless
  • 8.5. Numbers thousands of the three levels of car charging station hardware worldwide 2014-2024
  • 8.6. Examples of orders and commitments for non-residential car charging stations for on-road vehicles
  • 8.7. Average unit price ex factory of the three levels of car charging station hardware 2014-2024 in $ thousands, excluding energy storage
  • 8.8. Typical hardware price of charging stations indoor and outdoor in $ thousands
  • 8.9. Global market value of the three levels of car charging station 2014-2024 in $ millions
  • 8.10. Market for electric vehicles, both hybrid and pure electric, sold in the world 2013-2024 in thousands of units rounded
  • 8.11. The charging infrastructure situation by category
  • 8.12. Sales of Light Electric Vehicles (LEVs) (two wheelers and allied eg electric quad bikes and on road three wheel micro cars) by region by percentage of units
  • 8.13. Split between Level 2 and Level 3 chargers with rounded percentage
  • 9.1. Number, unit value ex-factory and total market value rounded of WPT hardware sold for consumer electronics worldwide 2014-2024
  • 9.2. Number, hardware unit value ex-factory excluding any power storage and total market value rounded of contactless on-road vehicle charging stations sold worldwide in thousands 2014-2024
  • 9.3. Number of on-road vehicle charging stations sold worldwide in thousands 2014-2024, residential, other and total, rounded, including plug-in and contactless
  • 9.4. Global market value of the three levels of car charging station 2014-2024 in $ millions

FIGURES

  • 2.1. Concept of a wireless power mat
  • 3.1. Power requirements and sources for lowest power devices compared with contactless personal electrics and contactless vehicle charging
  • 3.2. The place of energy harvesting in wirelessly powering electronic and electrical devices and vehicles
  • 3.3. Solar bag and solar panel on phone, both for charging phones
  • 3.4. Power in use vs duty cycle for portable and mobile devices showing zones of use of single use vs rechargeable batteries
  • 3.5. Laptop fire caused by lithium-ion battery
  • 3.6. Electric taxi in China on fire due to lithium-ion battery
  • 3.7. Fatal UPS plane crash caused by the lithium battery cargo
  • 3.8. The inadequate improvement in batteries compared to other technologies in the last 20 years
  • 3.9. Powercast wireless sensor node without a battery, utilising transmitted UHF power
  • 3.10. LaserMotive objectives illustrated
  • 4.1. WPC interoperability logo
  • 5.1. Photographs of the experimental set-up for RF-powered e-Skin in the dark (top) and transparent state (bottom)
  • 5.2. Example of a segmented e-Skin panel (in two different states), illustrating the design freedom
  • 5.3. A functional sample of an e-Skin window from Philips Research and Holst Centre that doesn't require external power or batteries
  • 5.4. WilkCharge mat
  • 5.5. eneloop
  • 6.1. Fulton wireless power integration in packaging
  • 6.2. Wireless power circuit is printed directly
  • 6.3. Poly IC application
  • 6.4. PolyLogo®-RAD radio activated displays
  • 6.5. Card with no battery, the image being illuminated by RF from RFID reader
  • 7.1. Hino "no plug in" bus
  • 7.2. In-road charging of small buses in Turin Italy
  • 7.3. Evatran EV charging
  • 7.4. Evatran Plugless Power EV charging station
  • 7.5. HaloIPT 2010 launch of the first wireless charging in the UK
  • 7.6. Operating principle of HaloIPT
  • 7.7. Drayson racing car
  • 7.8. KAIST OLEVs in 2010
  • 7.9. Proximity charged tram
  • 7.10. Inductive paddle
  • 7.11. Wireless e-bike charger
  • 7.12. Principle of the WiTricity Delphi wireless charging system
  • 8.1. Value of the global traction battery charging station hardware market 2011-2021 percent of total for East Asia, Europe and North America for 2011 and 2021
  • 8.2. Nissan backed charging stations being installed in the USA by region
  • 8.3. Number of car charging stations sold worldwide in thousands 2014-2024, residential, outdoor and destination, rounded
  • 8.4. Numbers thousands of the three levels of charging station worldwide 2014-2024
  • 8.5. Average unit price of the three levels of charging station hardware vehicle 2014-2024 in US$ thousands
  • 8.6. BYD Auto charging station for pure electric taxis in China
  • 8.7. Slow charging station in China
  • 8.8. Fast charger for lead acid traction batteries in electric bicycles in China
  • 8.9. Global market value of the three levels of car charging station 2014-2024 in $ millions
  • 8.10. Market for electric vehicles, both hybrid and pure electric, sold in the world 2013-2024 in thousands of units
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