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Electric Motors for Electric Vehicles 2013-2023: Forecasts, Technologies, Players

Today, the motors that propel electric vehicles on land, through water and in the air are mainly brushless because brushed commutator motors are on the way out. Most of the number and the value of those brushless traction motors lies in permanent magnet synchronous ones, notably Brushless DC "BLDC", a form with trapezoidal waveform, and Permanent Magnet AC "PMAC", a type with a sinusoidal waveform. No matter: they both have excellent performance including simple provision of reverse and regenerative braking. However, that dominance is about to change. The main reason is not those well publicised but elusive in-wheel motors coming in at two to six per vehicle but simply the move to much larger vehicles and therefore motors.

Market value $US billion 2012-2023

Source: IDTechEx

In-wheel motors not as portrayed

Ex factory unit price of EVs, in thousands of US dollars, sold globally

Source: IDTechEx

Wake up time

It is wakeup time for the electric vehicle traction motor industry. Our survey of 123 manufacturers shows far too few making asynchronous or switched reluctance synchronous motors and larger, high power, motors with strong traction or even exceptionally light weight powerful motors. There are far too many making traction motors with brushes. In short, this is an industry structured for the past that is going to have a very nasty surprise when the future comes. Most of it is not even talking to the vehicle manufacturers that will spend most to buy traction motors in the years to come. Many think easy money comes from pursuing the obvious, notably selling to the fearsomely competitive electric car market where 90% of your customers are headed for insolvency. In China alone, there are over 100 manufacturers of electric cars and none are successful.

Table of Contents

1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS

  • 1.1. Traction motor forecasts of numbers
  • 1.2. Global value market for vehicle traction motors
  • 1.3. Definition and background
  • 1.4. Shape of motors
  • 1.5. Location of motors
  • 1.6. Unique major new survey
  • 1.7. Blunt motor talk at EV Japan January 2012
  • 1.8. Switched reluctance motors a disruptive traction motor technology?
  • 1.9. Three ways that traction motor makers race to escape rare earths

2. INTRODUCTION

  • 2.1. History of electric traction motors
  • 2.2. Types of motor favoured in electric vehicles
  • 2.3. Sophisticated motors bridging gaps in performance
  • 2.4. Remaining challenges
  • 2.5. Electric outboard motors

3. ANALYSIS OF 125 TRACTION MOTOR MANUFACTURERS

4. 212 ELECTRIC VEHICLES AND THEIR MOTORS

5. INTERVIEWS AND NEWLY REPORTED OPINION ON MOTOR TRENDS

  • 5.1. Asynchronous vs Synchronous
  • 5.2. Axial vs radial flux
  • 5.3. Who will succeed with electric microcars
  • 5.4. Extending the market

6. MARKET FORECASTS

  • 6.1. Traction motor forecasts of numbers
  • 6.2. Global value market for vehicle traction motors
  • 6.3. Definition and background
  • 6.4. Shape of motors
  • 6.5. Location of motors
  • 6.6. Unique major new survey

APPENDIX 1: IDTECHEX PUBLICATIONS AND CONSULTANCY

TABLES

Note: The Table of Contents has Been Edited for Brevity. For a Complete List of Tables Please Request a Free Sample.

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