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Vaccine Production (Trends, Techniques, Key Players, Spending Estimates and Forecasts)

The considerable revenue growth in the vaccine market over the past ten years suggests the amount of vaccine production and the techniques of vaccine production will need to adapt to match a revived industry.

This report, Vaccine Production (Trends, Techniques, Key Players, Spending Estimates and Forecasts) examines the market for vaccine manufacturing and production technologies. The focus is on current production methods and new methods in development. While there may be some overlap for technologies in development, the emphasis of the report is process rather than product development.

As part of its analysis of vaccine manufacturing, the report includes:

  • Doses Produced: 2010-2015
  • Estimates of Vaccine Production Spending
  • Finished Vaccine Markets and Top Selling Categories
  • Market Potential for Contract Vaccine Manufacturing
  • Top Vaccine Companies Market Share
  • Production Challenges for Categories of Vaccines
  • Discussion of Cell, Insect and Plant Production
  • Recent Influenza Production Trends
  • Vaccine Approval Challenges
  • Profiles of Major Vaccine Marketers
  • Profiles of Major Contract Manufacturers
  • Production Methods for Common Vaccines (Oral polio, Tetanus, Measles, Influenza, Diphtheria, Pertussis, BCG, Hep. B, Hib, MMR)

As part of Kalorama Information's coverage, several profiles are included of vaccine manufacturers and contract manufacturing organizations (CMOs).

The following companies are profiled:

  • GlaxoSmithKline Biopharmaceuticals
  • Sanofi-Aventis
  • Merck KgaA
  • Pfizer-Pfizer CenterSource
  • Novartis AG
  • Baxter International
  • Teva
  • Crucell (Johnson &Johnson)
  • CSL Biotherapies
  • Intercell
  • MedImmune/Astra Zeneca
  • MassBioLogics
  • Lonza
  • Boehringer Ingelheim
  • Fujifilm Diosynth Biotechnology
  • Catalent Pharma Solutions
  • Patheon
  • DSM Pharmaceutical
  • Cambrex (Lonza)
  • IDT Biologika
  • Charles River Biopharmaceutical Services (BPS)

Sales estimates for the vaccine market and for market segment represent global revenues and are expressed in current dollars. Spending also represents global spending and expressed in current dollars.

Information for this report was gathered from a wide variety of published sources including company reports and filings, government documents, legal filings, trade journals, newspapers and business press, analysts' reports and other sources. Interviews with company representatives and other experts were conducted to capture the perspectives from industry participants' point of view and assess trends, and form the basis of the forecasting and competitive analysis.

Table of Contents

CHAPTER ONE: EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

  • Scope and Methodology
    • Production Technology
      • Legacy Technologies
      • Innovative Technologies
    • Manufacturing
      • Originator and Big Pharma
      • Contract Manufacturing Organizations
    • Profitability of The Vaccine Industry
    • Major Vaccine Manufacturers
    • Conclusions
    • Scope and Methodology

CHAPTER TWO: THE VACCINE INDUSTRY: TRENDS, MAJOR PLAYERS AND MARKETS

  • Overview
    • Types of Vaccines
      • Attenuated (Weakened) Live Viruses
      • Killed (Inactivated) Viruses
      • Toxoid Vaccines
      • Genetically Engineered/Modified Vaccines
      • Subunit Vaccines
      • Conjugate Vaccines
      • DNA Vaccination
    • Major Vaccine Manufacturers
    • Vaccine Approval Process
      • Government and NGO Investment
      • Manufacturing and Infrastructure Building
      • Centers for Innovation in Advanced Development and Manufacturing
      • BARDA Influenza & Emerging Disease Program
      • WHO
    • The cycle of Vaccine Procurement
    • Public/Private Partnerships
      • Bush Administration/Homeland Security
      • Project GreenVax
      • Vaccine Research Center Production Programs
    • Production, Prices and Other Profit Considerations
      • Negotiated Prices
      • Production Expenses
      • Sales and Marketing Expenses

CHAPTER THREE: VACCINE PRODUCTION: SPENDING, INNOVATIONS, AND CHALLENGES

  • Vaccine Production Estimates
    • Main Vaccine Types
      • Inactivated Vaccines or Live attenuated vaccines
      • Acellular / Component Vaccines
      • Live, Attenuated Vaccines
      • Toxoid Vaccines
      • Analogue Vaccines
      • Vaccines through Genetic Engineering
    • Reformulation
      • Thiomersal
    • Influenza Vaccine Production
    • Influenza Vaccine Production
      • Egg Production
      • Unique Aspects of Manufacturing Influenza Vaccine
      • Rate-Limiting Steps in the Seasonal Vaccine Process
      • Cellular Production
    • WHO Annual Flu Vaccine Guidelines
    • Pandemics
    • History and Shortages
    • HIN Pandemic of /
    • The Vaccine Industry's Role
    • A Decade of Pandemic Preparations
    • WHO Pandemic Influenza Vaccine Manufacturing Process and Timeline
    • Activities at regulatory agencies - regulatory approval
    • Mammalian Cell Culture
    • Background
    • Cell - Mammalian
    • Cell Culture Influenza Vaccines
    • Advantages
    • Ideal cell lines for production
    • Specific Cell Lines
    • Madin Darby Canine Kidney (MDCK)
    • Vero Cells
    • PER.C cells
    • DNA Vaccines
    • Concerns
    • Novartis and Medicago Open Non-Traditional Vaccine Operations
    • Vaccine Distribution
    • Estimates of Vaccine Production Spending
    • Contract Vaccine Manufacturing
    • Contract Manufacturing Market

CHAPTER FOUR: COMPANY PROFILES

  • GlaxoSmithKline Biopharmaceuticals
  • Sanofi-Aventis
  • Merck KgaA
  • Pfizer-Pfizer CenterSource
  • Novartis AG
  • Baxter International
  • Teva
  • Crucell (Johnson &Johnson)
  • CSL Biotherapies
  • Intercell
  • MedImmune/Astra Zeneca
  • MassBioLogics

CHAPTER FIVE: VACCINE CONTRACT MANUFACTURERS

  • Lonza
  • Boehringer Ingelheim
  • Fujifilm Diosynth Biotechnology
  • Fujifilm Diosynth Biotechnology
  • Catalent Pharma Solutions
  • Patheon
  • DSM Pharmaceutical
  • Cambrex (Lonza)
  • IDT Biologika
  • Charles River Biopharmaceutical Services (BPS)

LIST OF EXHIBITS

CHAPTER ONE: EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

  • Table 1-1: The Major Vaccine Development Categories
  • Table 1-2: World Vaccines Market (Pediatric and Adult)
  • Table 1-3: Technologies with the Greatest Promise for Producing Vaccines, 2011
  • Figure 1-1: Vaccine Industry Production Spending, 2008-2015
  • Figure 1-2: Discount for Selected Vaccines (ActHIB, Havrix, Tripedia, Fluarix, FluMist, Twinrix, Afluria, Decavac, MMRII, Zostravix, ENGERIX-B, Ceravix, Gardasil, Prevnar)
  • Table 1-4: Largest Vaccine Manufacturers

CHAPTER TWO: THE VACCINE INDUSTRY: TRENDS, MAJOR PLAYERS AND MARKETS

  • Table 2-1: Top Vaccine Sellers, 2011: Revenues in US$ millions
  • Table 2-2: Vaccine-Preventable Diseases, August 2011
  • Table 2-3: World Vaccines Market Manufacturer's Market Shares, 2009
  • Table 2-4: Major Vaccine Merger & Acquisition Activity
  • Table 2-5: Vaccines Approved by FDA for US Sales, July, 2011
  • Table 2-6: HHS/ BARDA Vaccine Advanced Development Milestones
  • Table 2-7: Documents Required to Determine Eligibility for WHO Prequalification
  • Table 2-8: Private Sector Price versus Negotiated Price For Selected Vaccines (ActHIB, Havrix, Tripedia, Fluarix, FluMist, Twinrix, Afluria, Decavac, MMRII, Zostravix, ENGERIX-B, Ceravix, Gardasil, Prevnar)
  • Figure 2-1: Private Sector Price versus Negotiated Price ( cost in US dollars)
  • Figure 2-2: Discount for Selected Vaccines (ActHIB, Havrix, Tripedia, Fluarix, FluMist, Twinrix, Afluria, Decavac, MMRII, Zostravix, ENGERIX-B, Ceravix, Gardasil, Prevnar)
  • Figure 2-3: Vaccine Companies vs. Traditional Pharma: Production and Sales Costs

CHAPTER THREE: VACCINE PRODUCTION: SPENDING, INNOVATIONS, AND CHALLENGES

  • Figure 3-1: Doses of Vaccine Produced Worldwide, 2010-2015
  • Table 3-1: Vaccine Classes and Associated Industrial Challenges (Oral Polio, Rabies, Acellular pertussis, Pneumococcal, Hepatitis B, Japanese encephalitis)
  • Table 3-2: Production Methods for Common Vaccines (Oral polio, Tetanus, Measles, Influenza, Diphtheria, Pertussis, BCG, Hep. B, Hib, MMR)
  • Table 3-3: Inactivated or Attenuated Vaccine Examples
  • Table 3-4: Acelluar/Component Vaccine Examples
  • Table 3-5: Attenuated Vaccine Examples
  • Table 3-6: Toxoid Vaccine Examples
  • Table 3-7: Thiomersal Content of Vaccines Routinely Recommended for Children
  • Table 3-8: Preservatives Used in U.S. Licensed Vaccines
  • Table 3-9: Annual Influenza Statistics
  • Table 3-10: Cell-based Vaccine Advantages
  • Table 3-11: Activities at WHO Collaborating Centers
  • Table 3-12: Activities at Vaccine Manufacturers
  • Figure 3-1: Vaccine Approval Timeline
  • Table 3-13: Advantages of Cell Culture Vaccines
  • Figure 3-2: Spending on Vaccine Production, Estimated (2008-2015) (billions of US Dollars Spent)
  • Table 3-14: Top Vaccine Contract Manufacturers, 2011
  • Figure 3-3: Estimated Outsourcing Market for Vaccines (2008-2015)
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