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Japan Payments Market Update

Abstract

New research by Mercator Advisory Group strategically examines size and growth of credit, debit, and prepaid markets

Boston, MA -- In recent years, Japan's payments market has slowed due to declining economic output and consumer spending during the recession. Today Japan remains a cash-oriented society, but consumer adoption of electronic payments has been improving over the years. Particular improvement has been witnessed in the past decade, as emerging electronic money (prepaid cards/devices based on contactless chips) has grown in popularity, changing the way Japanese consumers make payments at convenience stores, train stations, restaurants, and other locations. At the same time, the debit card market has struggled with service and infrastructure issues while the credit card market has continued steady growth.

Mercator Advisory Group's report, Japan Payments Market Update, offers an overview of the overall payment card market in Japan in 2010. Market sizes and growth are discussed, and the various segments -- credit, debit, and e-money (prepaid) -- are compared and reviewed in detail with respect to strategic changes, profitability, regulations, and other considerations. The report also provides an overview of the proximity mobile payment market in Japan.

"The Japanese payments market is different from those in most other advanced economies," Terry Xie, Director of Mercator Advisory Group?'s International Advisory Service and principal analyst on the report, commented. "Cash is still king there. And though credit penetration is high on paper (more than two cards per person); usage has been low, each card being used fewer than 18 times in 2010. The debit card market in Japan is one of the least developed among the advanced economies due to inherent faults with the service and the system. But e-money has really taken off in recent years, with average usage per card likely to surpass usage of credit cards in several years. In other words, in Japan contactless e-money cards/devices have taken up the role that debit cards play in other markets as a means of electronic payment. This fact will help the development of proximity mobile payments market in Japan, at least with respect to consumer and merchant education, if not the technology itself since it uses different contactless technologies than global contactless payment card standards like Near Field Communication (NFC), MasterCard PayPass, and Visa PayWave.

Highlights of the research findings include:

Comparison of the average spending and consumer payment behavior on the large number credit cards in Japan with those of other developed economies

The changes and revised focus areas for credit card issuers resulting from Japan's new Money Lending Law

Recent changes to the debit card market and the underlying reasons for the changes

The bright highlight in the prepaid market and group helping to fuel it

The timeline for migration from existing legacy proximity mobile payment services to the new global NFC standard, and the entities that have teamed up to streamline the process and coordinate their efforts

One of the 14 exhibits included in this report:

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This report contains 25 pages and 14 exhibits.

Companies and services mentioned in this report include: JCB, Credit Saison, Japan Post Bank, Sumitomo Mitsui Banking Corporation, J-Debit, Visa, MasterCard, Amex, Suica, NTT DoCoMo, Seven & I Holdings, Aeon Co. Ltd., NTT DoCoMo, KDDI, and Softbank Mobile.

Members of Mercator Advisory Group's International Advisory Service have access to this report as well as the upcoming research for the year ahead, presentations, analyst access and other membership benefits.

Table of Contents

Executive Summary

Introduction

Overview of the Payments Market

  • Japan's Card Issuing Market
  • Consumer Behavior

Credit Card Segment Overview

  • Growth: Continued but Slow
  • Profitability
  • Competitive Landscape

Debit Card Segment Overview

Electronic Money Segment Overview

Proximity Mobile Payments Segment Overview

Conclusions

  • Copyright Notice
  • End Notes

Figures

  • Figure 1: Number of Payment Cards in Circulation in Japan, 2006 - 2010
  • Figure 2: Number of Payment Cards in Circulation by Card Type, 2007 - 2010
  • Figure 3: Total Annual Number of Payment Card Transactions by Card Type, 2007 - 2010
  • Figure 4: Total Card Payment Value by Card Type, 2007 - 2011
  • Figure 5: Average Annual Card Usage per Card by Card Type, 2007 - 2010
  • Figure 6: Average Annual Card Spending by Card Type, 2007 - 2010
  • Figure 7: Number of Credit Cards in Circulation in Japan, 2007-2011(E)
  • Figure 8: Credit Card Spending in Japan, 2006 - 2010
  • Figure 9: Credit Card Lending in Japan: Outstanding Balances, 2006 - 2010
  • Figure 10: Year-End Credit Card Receivables as a Percentage of Credit Card Spending in Japan, 2006 - 2010
  • Figure 11: Composition of the Japanese Credit Card Issuing Market, 2006 - 2010
  • Figure 12: Number of E-Money Cards and Devices in Japan, 2007 - 2011(E)
  • Figure 13: E-Money Payment Transactions in Japan, 2007 - 2011(E)
  • Figure 14: Value of E-Money Payment Transactions in Japan, 2007 - 2011(E)
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