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Unmanned Maritime Systems for Defense and Security: UUV and USV Current Vendors, Products, Markets, Technologies and Uses

The world's Unmanned Maritime Systems (UMS) market is evolving rapidly, responding to changing threats, tensions in the Middle East and Asia, economic and budgetary pressures, and a growing eagerness by modern navies and developing countries alike to develop, procure and deploy UMSs.

This report condenses into a compact format - at a very affordable price - everything you need to know about UMS. The business analysis gives you a comprehensive view of current Unmanned Underwater Systems (Autonomous Underwater Vehicles, Remotely Operated Vehicles, Mine Delivery Vehicles, gliders and associated systems) and of Unmanned Surface Systems (Unmanned Surface Vehicles, partially submerged vessels and associated systems) for the Defense and Security markets (Public and Private) worldwide.

Specifically, the study focuses on:

  • Dozens of Contracts, Business Expansions Initiatives and Partnerships.
  • Current Markets by System Types (UUV, USV), Mission (Defense, Security), Geographic Regions, Procurement, R&D, Maintenance and Upgrades.
  • Current Technologies - Systems and Sub-Systems levels, Technology Gaps, Long Endurance Vehicles and more.
  • Detailed Drivers and Inhibitors.
  • Current Uses - MCM, ASW, ISR, IPOE, Harbor Surveillance, Anti-Piracy, Counter-Terrorism and more.
  • Vendors & Platforms - More Than 100 AUV, 100 USV, With Images - Highlighting New Vehicles.

Table of Contents

1. Introduction

  • 1.1. Scope of This Report
  • 1.2. Basic Terms of Source
    • 1.2.1. Unmanned Maritime Vehicle - UMV
    • 1.2.2. Unmanned Surface Vehicle - USV
    • 1.2.3. Unmanned Underwater Vehicle - UUV
  • 1.3. Language Disclaimer and Further Information
  • 1.4. Methodology
  • 1.5. Who is This Report For?
    • 1.5.1. Organizations
    • 1.5.2. Professionals
  • 1.6. How will this report benefit you?
  • 1.7. About the Lead Analyst

2. Executive Summary

  • 2.1. Systems, Not Vehicles
  • 2.2. Major Observations & Conclusions
  • 2.3. Important Tables and Graphs

3. Drivers and Inhibitors

  • 3.1. Market Drivers
    • 3.1.1. Market Driver 1
    • 3.1.2. Market Driver 2
    • 3.1.3. Market Driver 3
    • 3.1.4. Market Driver 4
    • 3.1.5. Market Driver 5
    • 3.1.6. Market Driver 6
    • 3.1.7. Market Driver 7
    • 3.1.8. Market Driver 8
    • 3.1.9. Market Driver 9
    • 3.1.10. Market Driver 10
    • 3.1.11. Market Driver 11
    • 3.1.12. Market Driver 12
    • 3.1.13. Market Driver 13
    • 3.1.14. Market Driver 14
    • 3.1.15. Market Driver 15
    • 3.1.16. Market Driver 16
    • 3.1.17. Market Driver 17
    • 3.1.18. Market Driver 18
    • 3.1.19. Market Driver 19
    • 3.1.20. Market Driver 20
    • 3.1.21. Market Driver 21
    • 3.1.22. Market Driver 22
  • 3.2. Market Inhibitors
    • 3.2.1. Market Inhibitor 1
    • 3.2.2. Market Inhibitor 2
    • 3.2.3. Market Inhibitor 3
    • 3.2.4. Market Inhibitor 4
    • 3.2.5. Market Inhibitor 5
    • 3.2.6. Market Inhibitor 6
    • 3.2.7. Market Inhibitor 7
    • 3.2.8. Market Inhibitor 8
    • 3.2.9. Market Inhibitor 9
    • 3.2.10. Market Inhibitor 10
    • 3.2.11. Market Inhibitor 11
    • 3.2.12. Market Inhibitor 12
    • 3.2.13. Market Inhibitor 13
    • 3.2.14. Market Inhibitor 14
  • 3.3. Stronger Expected Growth for USV

4. Unmanned Maritime Systems - Current Uses

  • 4.1. Current Defense Uses
    • 4.1.1. Categorizing UUVs & Differentiators
    • 4.1.2. Categorizing USVs & Differentiators
    • 4.1.3. UMVs Value to Navies
    • 4.1.4. USVs - Uses History
    • 4.1.5. Mine Counter Measures (MCM)
      • 4.1.5.1. Mines: Current Status
      • 4.1.5.2. Mine Types
      • 4.1.5.3. Mine Damage
      • 4.1.5.4. The Psychological Threats of Mines' Presence
      • 4.1.5.5. Countering Mines
      • 4.1.5.6. Counter-Mines Vessels
      • 4.1.5.7. Diver EOD
      • 4.1.5.8. Mammals Deployed as Mine Counter-Measures
      • 4.1.5.9. AUVs - MCM Missions Capabilities
      • 4.1.5.10. Airborne MCM
      • 4.1.5.11. Current Shortfalls of Traditional MCM
      • 4.1.5.12. Current UUV's MCM Uses
      • 4.1.5.13. Case Focus: iRobot Ranger, Man-Portable AUV
      • 4.1.5.14. Case Focus: ROVs as Mine Disablers Used by the German Navy
      • 4.1.5.15. Case Focus: Stated Needs from the US Navy for MCM Operations
      • 4.1.5.16. Case Focus: Input from Hydroid on UUV Market Situation
    • 4.1.6. Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW).
      • 4.1.6.1. Challenges to ASW
      • 4.1.6.2. Torpedoes and Torpedoes Countermeasures
      • 4.1.6.3. UUV Use for ASW: Gliders
      • 4.1.6.4. USV Use for ASW
      • 4.1.6.5. Case Focus: AUV for Access Route Monitoring
    • 4.1.7. Environmental Monitoring and IPOE
    • 4.1.8. Intelligence, Surveillance, Reconnaissance
    • 4.1.9. Case Focus: Large USV Requirements for Defense Uses
    • 4.1.10. AUV Attributes for Defense Customers
  • 4.2. Current Security Uses
    • 4.2.1. Introduction to Maritime Security
      • 4.2.1.1. Maritime Traffic
      • 4.2.1.2. Commercial Maritime and Strategic “Choke” Points
    • 4.2.2. Maritime Laws Varies with Distance to Land
    • 4.2.3. Maritime Security Threats
    • 4.2.4. Port and Harbor Security
    • 4.2.5. Harbor Underwater Surveys
    • 4.2.6. Other Water Bodies Requiring Securing
    • 4.2.7. Countering Terrorism
      • 4.2.7.1. Maritime Terrorism Activities
      • 4.2.7.2. Cruise Ships
      • 4.2.7.3. UMV uses for Counter-Terrorism
      • 4.2.7.4. Case Focus: Littoral Security
    • 4.2.8. Anti-Piracy
      • 4.2.8.1. Definition
      • 4.2.8.2. Pirates Attacks Statistics and Locations
      • 4.2.8.3. Piracy - Current Situation
      • 4.2.8.4. Insurance Premiums and Delays
      • 4.2.8.5. How do Pirates Operate?
      • 4.2.8.6. Legal Considerations
      • 4.2.8.7. Counter-Piracy Operations
    • 4.2.9. USV Uses in Security
    • 4.2.10. Case Focus: UMV Use against SPSS
  • 4.3. Adoption of UUVs and USVs Today
  • 4.4. Case Focus: AUV Priorities and Classes for the US Navy
  • 4.5. Case Focus: USV Mission Priorities by the US Navy
  • 4.6. Case Focus: Operational USV Limits
  • 4.7. Development & Testing by Navies in mid-2011 to mid-2012
    • 4.7.1. LCS ASW Module
    • 4.7.2. Weaponized USV
    • 4.7.3. Forces Fleet Command Maritime Interdiction New Fleet Experimentation Program
    • 4.7.4. Canadian Exercises
    • 4.7.5. Trident Warrior 2012

5. Current Technologies

  • 5.1. USVs and USSs
    • 5.1.1. Unmanned Surface Systems - Description
      • 5.1.1.1. Unmanned Surface Sub-Systems Elements
      • 5.1.1.2. Critical Sub-Systems Elements
      • 5.1.1.3. Important Sub-Systems Elements
      • 5.1.1.4. Mission Specific Components
      • 5.1.1.5. Payloads, Modules & Mission Packages
      • 5.1.1.6. Case Focus: USV Mission Package for ASW
      • 5.1.1.7. Case Focus: USV Mission Package for MCM
      • 5.1.1.8. Case Focus: SailBuoy
      • 5.1.1.9. Case Focus: Anyone can make a USV
      • 5.1.1.10. USV Conversion Kit
  • 5.2. UUVs and UUSs
    • 5.2.1. Unmanned Underwater Vehicle Sub-Systems
      • 5.2.1.1. UUVs - Main Sub-Systems Elements
      • 5.2.1.2. AUV Launch and Recovery
      • 5.2.1.3. Mission-Specific Components
      • 5.2.1.4. Case Focus: US Navy Man Portable UUV
    • 5.2.2. Gliders
    • 5.2.3. Case Focus: L-3 Oceans Mine Disposal Vehicle
    • 5.2.4. System Architecture Attribute
  • 5.3. Technology Gaps
    • 5.3.1. Current Technology Challenges
    • 5.3.2. Case Focus: MCM UUV Mission Versatility
    • 5.3.3. UUV Energy
    • 5.3.4. USV: Autonomy Depends on Perception
    • 5.3.5. UUV Technology Long Poles
    • 5.3.6. Technology Challenges for MCM and ASW UMV
  • 5.4. Characteristics Comparison amongst UMVs

6. Current Markets by Application

  • 6.1. Current Defense Markets
    • 6.1.1. USV
      • 6.1.1.1. Why USVs are not Used More in Defense Applications Today
      • 6.1.1.2. USV in Operation Today
      • 6.1.1.3. USV for MCM
      • 6.1.1.4. Case Focus: Spartan Scout, USV for ASW
    • 6.1.2. UUV
      • 6.1.2.1. UUVs Sell Internationally
      • 6.1.2.2. UUVs for MCM
      • 6.1.2.3. Best Sellers
      • 6.1.2.4. UUV Contracts
    • 6.1.3. Reasons for Slow Market Development of UMV
  • 6.2. Current Security Markets
    • 6.2.1. Maritime Security Threats
    • 6.2.2. Threats Migrate from Land to the Seas
    • 6.2.3. Case Focus: The Cost of Disruption is Higher than the Crime Itself
    • 6.2.4. USV for Security
    • 6.2.5. UUV for Security
    • 6.2.6. Current Counter-Piracy Market
    • 6.2.7. Case Focus: ROV for the Port of New York City

7. Current Markets by Region

  • 7.1.1. Current Global UMS Procurement Market by Market Sectors
  • 7.2. Current Defense Markets
    • 7.2.1. Americas
      • 7.2.1.1. USVs
      • 7.2.1.2. UUVs
    • 7.2.2. Europe
      • 7.2.2.1. USVs
      • 7.2.2.2. UUVs
    • 7.2.3. Asia
      • 7.2.3.1. USVs
      • 7.2.3.2. UUVs
  • 7.3. Current Security Markets
    • 7.3.1. Americas
      • 7.3.1.1. USVs
      • 7.3.1.2. UUVs
    • 7.3.2. Europe
      • 7.3.2.1. USVs
      • 7.3.2.2. UUVs
    • 7.3.3. Asia
      • 7.3.3.1. USVs
      • 7.3.3.2. UUVs
    • 7.3.4. Africa
      • 7.3.4.1. USVs
      • 7.3.4.2. UUVs
    • 7.3.5. Unknown Developed UUVs and USVs Around the World
    • 7.3.6. Main Worldwide UUV Markets
  • 7.4. USV Contracts
    • 7.4.1. USV Contracts - by Manufacturer
      • 7.4.1.1. USV Contract 1
      • 7.4.1.2. USV Contract 2
      • 7.4.1.3. USV Contract 3
      • 7.4.1.4. USV Contract 4
      • 7.4.1.5. USV Contract 5
      • 7.4.1.6. USV Contract 6
      • 7.4.1.7. USV Contract 7
      • 7.4.1.8. USV Contract 8
      • 7.4.1.9. USV Contract 9
      • 7.4.1.10. USV Contract 10
    • 7.4.2. USV Contracts - by Region
      • 7.4.2.1. North America (non USA)
      • 7.4.2.2. Europe
      • 7.4.2.3. Asia
  • 7.5. UUV Contracts
    • 7.5.1. UUV Contracts - by Manufacturer
      • 7.5.1.1. UUV Contract 1
      • 7.5.1.2. UUV Contract 2
      • 7.5.1.3. UUV Contract 3
      • 7.5.1.4. UUV Contract 4
      • 7.5.1.5. UUV Contract 5
      • 7.5.1.6. UUV Contract 6
      • 7.5.1.7. UUV Contract 7
  • 7.6. UMS Contracts by Region
    • 7.6.1. USA
    • 7.6.2. UK
    • 7.6.3. Europe

8. Unmanned Maritime Vehicles (UMV) - Current Vendors

  • 8.1. Unmanned Surface Vehicles (USV) - Current Vendors
    • 8.1.1. List of USV Models by Vendor
    • 8.1.2. New USV Models by Vendor
      • 8.1.2.1. MaMRUS
      • 8.1.2.2. Sealtech
      • 8.1.2.3. Thales UK
      • 8.1.2.4. Neany Inc
      • 8.1.2.5. Eco Marine Power Co Ltd
      • 8.1.2.6. 5G Marine Update
      • 8.1.2.7. New USV by Research Institutions and Consortiums
    • 8.1.3. Case Focus: Elbit Marlin and ECA Inspector
    • 8.1.4. Business Development Expansion (USV)
      • 8.1.4.1. Textron partners with Hydronalix
      • 8.1.4.2. ACCeSS Gets New Funding
      • 8.1.4.3. Advanced Acoustic Concepts in North America
      • 8.1.4.4. Textron AAI
  • 8.2. Unmanned Underwater Vehicles (UUV) - Current Vendors
    • 8.2.1. List of UUV Models by Vendor
    • 8.2.2. New UUV Models by Vendor
      • 8.2.2.1. Boeing
      • 8.2.2.2. Penn State University
      • 8.2.2.3. Hydroid
      • 8.2.2.4. Bluefin Robotics
      • 8.2.2.5. Atlas Elektronik
      • 8.2.2.6. Evologics Manta Ray
    • 8.2.3. New UUV Models by Research Institutions and Consortiums
      • 8.2.3.1. NURC MDV
      • 8.2.3.2. University of Virginia Mantabot
      • 8.2.3.3. Virginia Tech Jellyfish
      • 8.2.3.4. University of Porto
      • 8.2.3.5. Unknown Manufacturer in Iran
      • 8.2.3.6. South Korean MDV
    • 8.2.4. Business Development Expansion (UUV)
      • 8.2.4.1. Bluefin and SeeByte
      • 8.2.4.2. From Defense to Commercial

Appendixes

  • Glossary

List of Tables

  • Table 1 - Global UMS Market by Market Segments by [$Millions] - 2012 and 2013
  • Table 2 - Global UMS Market by Market Sectors by [$Millions] - 2012 and 2013
  • Table 3 - Global UMS Market by System Type by [$Millions] - 2012 and 2013
  • Table 4 - UUV Classes by US Navy
  • Table 5 - World Ports Ranking by Cargo Volume by [Tons x 1000] - 2008
  • Table 6 - World Ports Ranking by Container Traffic - 2008
  • Table 7 - Ranking of the 10 Largest Container Shipment Operators
  • Table 8 - Percent Distribution of Capacity on Cruise Regions, 2008
  • Table 9 - Maritime Piracy Statistics - 2006-2010
  • Table 10 - AUV Classification by the US Navy
  • Table 11 - US Navy USV priorities per class
  • Table 12 - Specifications Comparison of Two Very Long Endurance USV
  • Table 13 - Advantages and Disadvantages of UUV and USV
  • Table 14 - Global UMS Procurement Market by Region by [$Millions] - 2012 and 2013
  • Table 15 - Global UMS Procurement Market by Market Sectors by [$Millions] - 2012 and 2013
  • Table 16 - Countries Buying UUVs
  • Table 17 - PMS 406 USV Propulsion System
  • Table 18 - Unmanned Surface Vehicles (USV) - Current Vendors and Models
  • Table 19 - Elbit Systems Silver Marlin USV Specifications
  • Table 20 - ECA Inspector USV Specifications

List of Figures

  • Figure 1 - Global UMS Market Share by Market Segments by [%] - 2012 and 2013
  • Figure 2 - Global UMS Market Share by Market Sectors by [%] - 2012 and 2013
  • Figure 3 - Global UMS Market Share by System Type by [%] - 2012 and 2013
  • Figure 4 - Mines Types per Depth
  • Figure 5 - Kingfisher Minehunter (MCH-56, US Navy)
  • Figure 6 - Diver EOD Disabling a Mine
  • Figure 7 - A Sea Lion Disabling a Mine
  • Figure 8 - Dolphins and AUV Both Have Roles in for Mine Detection
  • Figure 9 - Airborne Mine Sweeping Operation
  • Figure 10 - Seafox in Attack Position
  • Figure 11 - Maritime Shipping Routes and Strategic Locations
  • Figure 12 - Maritime Boundaries
  • Figure 13 - Harbor Clutter
  • Figure 14 - Cruise Ship Escorted by Military Vessel
  • Figure 15 - The Interceptor USV by 5G Marine
  • Figure 16 - Piracy Attacks Statistic - by Region - 2010
  • Figure 17 - Piracy Attacks Statistic - by Neighboring Country - 2011
  • Figure 18 - Pirates' Reach Increasing
  • Figure 19 - Pirates' Ship
  • Figure 20 - Combined Task Force 151
  • Figure 21 - Pirates' Attack and Rare Consequences to Pirates
  • Figure 22 - US Fleet Forces Exercise
  • Figure 23 - Trident Warrior 2012 Troubleshooting the Sea Hawk USV during the exercise
  • Figure 24 - Multi-Beam Side Scan SONAR system, Towable by a USV
  • Figure 25 - US Navy USV Hardware Overview
  • Figure 26 - USV Equipped for ASW Missions
  • Figure 27 - USV Equipped for MCM Missions
  • Figure 28 - USV Conversion kit by Maritime Robotics
  • Figure 29 - Launch Systems of UUV
  • Figure 30 - Submerged Recovery Station for Hydroid Remus
  • Figure 31 - Man Portable and Light Weight UUV Technology
  • Figure 32 - SeaGlider, iRobot
  • Figure 33 - Specification of the Mk 8x MDV by L-3 Oceans
  • Figure 34 - Mark 8x Expendable Mine Destructor
  • Figure 35 - Remote Minehunting System
  • Figure 36 - AUV Technology Long Poles
  • Figure 37 - UMV Characteristics Comparison Chart
  • Figure 38 - USV - Installed Base Share by Regions - 2011
  • Figure 39 - Global UMS Procurement Market Share by Region by [%] - 2012 and 2013
  • Figure 40 - Global UMS Procurement Market Share by Market Sectors by [%] - 2012 and 2013
  • Figure 41 - USV-Targets for Canadian Swarm Training Exercise
  • Figure 42 - The Protector USV, early model
  • Figure 43 - Korean USV Concept
  • Figure 44 - Protector USV by Rafael Advanced Defense Systems
  • Figure 45 - “ZhenHe” USV by Taiwan Ocean Research Institute
  • Figure 46 - RAFT Refueling Project
  • Figure 47 - USVMANTAS by MaMRUS
  • Figure 48 - USV Mistral, Libeccio, Celeste by Sealtech
  • Figure 49 - “DragonSpy” USV by Neany Inc
  • Figure 50 - Dogus University USV
  • Figure 51 - Universitas Indonesia
  • Figure 52 - Elbit Systems Silver Marlin USV
  • Figure 53 - “Inspector” USV by ECA
  • Figure 54 - Textron Fleet-class Common USV
  • Figure 55 - List of UUV Models by Vendor (as of late 2012)
  • Figure 56 - Sea Maverick in Key West, Florida
  • Figure 57 - Bluefin Proteus
  • Figure 58 - COBRA attachment module on Seafox MDV
  • Figure 59 - Atlas USV
  • Figure 60 - Manta Ray by Evologics
  • Figure 61 - NURC low cost COTS MCM MDV
  • Figure 62 - Mantabot Ray, University of Virginia
  • Figure 63 - Jellyfish Robot, Virginia Tech
  • Figure 64 - Seacon UUV
  • Figure 65 - MK-2 MDV
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