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Building Integrated Photovoltaics

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This publication has been discontinued on October 23, 2014.

The building industry in the United States and in many other parts of the world has faced severe challenges, with continued low housing starts and new builds for some time. At the same time, the global solar industry has been subjected to severe reductions in financial subsidies in key markets that, until recently, were the savior of the industry. The emergent building integrated photovoltaics (BIPV) and building applied photovoltaics (BAPV) market, which straddles the two industries, offers a new way to develop revenue streams for both parties. Though it has drawn scant attention, until recently, from the solar industry's major players, BIPV is set to become one of the fastest-growing segments in the sector, with up to 4.6 GW of installations forecast through 2017.

Reductions in feed-in tariffs and other support schemes for solar energy have caused massive upheaval throughout the world. Despite the sharp reduction of financial incentives and the ongoing economic troubles in the Eurozone, however, Western Europe remains the largest market for BIPV products. Other notable new markets for BIPV that are likely to emerge through 2017 include Eastern Europe (Lithuania, Serbia, Slovenia, Poland, and Ukraine), Asia Pacific (especially Australia, China, India, Japan, Malaysia, and Thailand), Latin America (Brazil and Chile), and South Africa. While the solar industry has faced numerous challenges in the United States, the U.S. government is paying greater attention to BIPV, as shown by the Department of Energy's approval of an additional $145 million in funding for the SunShot Initiative - and specifically BIPV development programs - in September 2011.

This Pike Research report examines the expanding global markets for BIPV and BAPV including a comprehensive analysis of demand drivers and economics, technology issues, and key industry players. The report includes detailed profiles of 53 companies in the sector as well as a detailed review of current government policies and financial incentives. Forecasts for worldwide BIPV/BAPV capacity by world region and by technology, along with forecasts of wholesale market revenues, are provided through 2017.

Key Questions Addressed:

  • What is the market for BIPV and BAPV in terms of overall market growth and end market applications?
  • Which technological advances will help drive BIPV/BAPV to a significant share of the overall solar market?
  • How will the reductions in FITs and other government support mechanisms affect the emerging BIPV market?
  • Who are the current key players and technologies in the BIPV/BAPV market and which emerging technologies and companies will likely win market share?
  • What are the characteristics of the BIPV/BAPV market in various world regions?
  • How large will the BIPV/BAPV market be through 2017 in terms of capacity and revenues?

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

  • 1.1. Building Integrated Photovoltaics Overview

2. Market Issues

  • 2.1. Market Overview
  • 2.2. Market Segments
  • 2.3. Current Market Activities (2011-2012)
    • 2.3.1. Roof Applications
      • 2.3.1.1. Solar Panels
      • 2.3.1.2. Tiles
      • 2.3.1.3. Shingles
    • 2.3.2. Wall Applications
      • 2.3.2.1. Facades
      • 2.3.2.2. Cladding
      • 2.3.2.3. Curtain Walls
    • 2.3.3. Window Applications
      • 2.3.3.1. Atrium and Skylights
      • 2.3.3.2. Shading Structures
      • 2.3.3.3. Windows
  • 2.4. Building Types and Activities
    • 2.4.1. Commercial
    • 2.4.2. Residential
    • 2.4.3. Energy Programs
    • 2.4.4. Zero Energy Homes Feed into BIPV
      • 2.4.4.1. North America
      • 2.4.4.2. Europe
      • 2.4.4.3. Asia Pacific

3. BIPV Markets and Incentives by Region

  • 3.1. Introduction
  • 3.2. North America
    • 3.2.1. Canada
    • 3.2.2. United States
      • 3.2.2.1. California
      • 3.2.2.2. Connecticut
      • 3.2.2.3. Florida
      • 3.2.2.4. Maryland
      • 3.2.2.5. Massachusetts
      • 3.2.2.6. New Jersey
      • 3.2.2.7. Other States
  • 3.3. Europe
    • 3.3.1. Germany
    • 3.3.2. France
    • 3.3.3. Italy
    • 3.3.4. Belgium
    • 3.3.5. Greece
    • 3.3.6. United Kingdom
    • 3.3.7. The Netherlands
    • 3.3.8. Ukraine
    • 3.3.9. Other European Markets
  • 3.4. Asia Pacific
    • 3.4.1. China
    • 3.4.2. India
    • 3.4.3. Japan
    • 3.4.4. Malaysia
    • 3.4.5. South Korea
    • 3.4.6. Taiwan
    • 3.4.7. Thailand
  • 3.5. Middle East and Africa

4. Technology Issues

  • 4.1. Advances in Materials
    • 4.1.1. First Generation
    • 4.1.2. Second Generation
    • 4.1.3. Third Generation
  • 4.2. Trends by PV Technology
    • 4.2.1. Crystalline Silicon
    • 4.2.2. Thin-film PV
      • 4.2.2.1. Thin-film Silicon
      • 4.2.2.2. CIGS
      • 4.2.2.3. DSC and OPV
  • 4.3. Performance Developments
    • 4.3.1. Amorphous Silicon
    • 4.3.2. Cadmium Telluride
    • 4.3.3. CIGS
    • 4.3.4. Dye-Sensitized Cells
    • 4.3.5. Organic Photovoltaics
    • 4.3.6. Lifetimes
    • 4.3.7. Nano-inverter Technology
  • 4.4. Building Codes and Standards
    • 4.4.1. Architectural and Building Codes
    • 4.4.2. Standards
      • 4.4.2.1. Where Does an Integrated Standard Really Belong?
      • 4.4.2.2. Underwriters Laboratories and American Society for Testing and Materials
      • 4.4.2.3. European Standards
    • 4.4.3. Fire Classifications
    • 4.4.4. Wind Resistance
    • 4.4.5. Wind-driven Rain
    • 4.4.6. Roof Water Tightness
    • 4.4.7. Roof Warranty
    • 4.4.8. Quality Control

5. Key Industry Players

  • 5.1. Overview
  • 5.2. Solar Panel Suppliers
    • 5.2.1. Conventional c-Si Solar Suppliers
      • 5.2.1.1. Bosch
      • 5.2.1.2. Centrosolar
      • 5.2.1.3. Hanwha SolarOne
      • 5.2.1.4. Swiss Solar Systems
    • 5.2.2. Thin-film Solar Suppliers
      • 5.2.2.1. Dyesol Ltd.
      • 5.2.2.2. Energy Conversion Devices
      • 5.2.2.3. General Electric
      • 5.2.2.4. Global Solar Energy
      • 5.2.2.5. Panasonic
      • 5.2.2.6. Sanyo
      • 5.2.2.7. SoloPower
      • 5.2.2.8. SunPower Corp.
  • 5.3. BAPV/BIPV Suppliers
    • 5.3.1. BAPV Suppliers
      • 5.3.1.1. Aishin Seiki Company Ltd.
      • 5.3.1.2. ERG Renew
      • 5.3.1.3. GE Solar
      • 5.3.1.4. HelioVolt
      • 5.3.1.5. Honda Soltec
      • 5.3.1.6. Kyocera Solar
      • 5.3.1.7. Lumeta Inc.
      • 5.3.1.8. PowerFilm, Inc.
      • 5.3.1.9. Sharp Solar
      • 5.3.1.10. Soltecture
      • 5.3.1.11. Suntech Power Holdings
    • 5.3.2. BIPV Suppliers
      • 5.3.2.1. ERG Renew
      • 5.3.2.2. Glaswerke Arnold GmbH & Co. KG
      • 5.3.2.3. Heliatek GmbH
      • 5.3.2.4. Mage Sunovation GmbH
      • 5.3.2.5. Oxford Photovoltaics
      • 5.3.2.6. Schott Solar
      • 5.3.2.7. Schuco
      • 5.3.2.8. Scheuten Solar
      • 5.3.2.9. Solarmer Energy
      • 5.3.2.10. Stellaris
  • 5.4. Key Building Materials Suppliers
    • 5.4.1.1. altPOWER
    • 5.4.1.2. Dow Solar Solutions
    • 5.4.1.3. Eagle Roofing
    • 5.4.1.4. Guardian Industries
    • 5.4.1.5. Kalzip
    • 5.4.1.6. Johns Manville
    • 5.4.1.7. Monier Group
    • 5.4.1.8. PetersenDean Roofing & Solar Systems
    • 5.4.1.9. Pilkington Glass
    • 5.4.1.10. PV Systems
    • 5.4.1.11. Pythagoras Solar
    • 5.4.1.12. Saint-Gobain Solar Systems (Avancis)
    • 5.4.1.13. Sapa Solar
    • 5.4.1.14. SKYShades
    • 5.4.1.15. Tata Steel (Corus Colors)
    • 5.4.1.16. ThyssenKrupp Steel Europe
    • 5.4.1.17. Trulite Glass & Aluminum Solutions (Incorporating Arch Aluminum & Glass Co. Inc.)

6. Market Forecasts

  • 6.1. Introduction
  • 6.2. Costs and Economic Assessment
    • 6.2.1. BIPV System Costs
    • 6.2.2. Roofs
    • 6.2.3. Facades
    • 6.2.4. Future Costs
  • 6.3. Technology-Supplier Partnerships
  • 6.4. BIPV Economic Parameters
  • 6.5. Leasing - A New Business Reality?
  • 6.6. BIPV Forecasts (2011-2017)
    • 6.6.1. Worldwide BIPV/BAPV Market Demand
    • 6.6.2. BIPV/BAPV Growth by Region
    • 6.6.3. BIPV/BAPV Growth by Technology

7. Company Directory

8. Acronym and Abbreviation List

9. Table of Contents

10. Table of Charts and Figures

11. Scope of Study, Sources, and Methodology, Notes

List of Charts and Figures

  • BIPV/BAPV Revenue, Base Scenario, World Markets: 2011-2017
  • BIPV/BAPV Capacity, World Markets: 2011-2017
  • BIPV Capacity, World Markets: 2011-2017
  • BAPV Capacity, World Markets: 2011-2017
  • Wholesale BIPV/BAPV Revenue, World Markets: 2011-2017
  • Base Case BIPV/BAPV Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2011-2017
  • BIPV/BAPV Capacity by Technology, World Markets: 2011-2017
  • Pros and Cons of Solar Building Elements versus Standard Building Elements
  • RTL-CDW Solar Tiles
  • Zero Energy Home - Incorporating Solar Shingles
  • Heliatek BIPV Concrete Facade with Purple OPV Solar Modules
  • Complex BIPV Facade on the Canton Tower in China
  • Solar Cladding Installed at the Central Library, Imperial College (U.K.)
  • SolarIris from Hanwha
  • Solar Shade Structures from SKYShades
  • Self-illuminating Solar Module Window
  • Material Solutions for Bayer's ECB Program
  • NAHB/Wells Fargo HMI and New Single-Family Housing Starts, U.S. 1985-2012
  • Percentage Positive Score for Each Factor for Solar PV Systems
  • Fujisawa Sustainable Smart Town - Opens 2014
  • Largest Amorphous Silicon BIPV Rooftop in Germany (5.72 m2)
  • Layout of OPV Cell
  • Cell Efficiency Roadmap for PV Technologies (1990-2010)
  • Example of Generated Electricity for Both Clear and Sunny Days (left) and Cloudy Days (right) Between December and July for the DSC Modules and the Si Module
  • Solantro IC-based Micro- and Nano-inverters Form a Natural Evolution for AC PV
  • EN Eurocodes & Related Standards
  • U.S. Wind Map
  • Global Solar Energy Product Concept
  • Suntech Residential PV Product, the Just Roof
  • SAPA Building Systems Product Groups

List of Tables

  • Solar Company Closures, World Markets: 2010-2012
  • Solar Company Acquisitions, World Markets: 2011-2012
  • Solar Product Application Matrix by Solar Technology
  • Markets for BIPV Products
  • Selected Commercial BAPV/BIPV Systems by Power, World Markets: 2008-2012
  • Status of EPBD and NZEB Legal Compliance in Selected European Countries
  • Recent FIT Changes in Global BIPV Markets
  • Feed-in Tariffs, Key PV Regions in North America: 2011
  • PV Feed-in Tariffs, Ontario: 2012
  • Ontario's FIT and microFIT Project Installation Summary
  • Top States by PV Installations, United States: 2010 and 2011
  • Rebate Levels for Commercial and Residential Solar Systems, United States: 2012
  • Solar Feed-in Tariffs, Key BIPV European Countries: 2012
  • PV Feed-in Tariffs, Germany: 2012
  • PV Feed-in Tariffs, France: 2012
  • PV Tariffs, Italy: 2012-2016
  • BIPV Tariffs, Italy: 2011-2014
  • PV Feed-in Tariffs, Greece: 2011-2014
  • PV Feed-in Tariffs, United Kingdom: 2011-2012
  • PV Feed-in Tariffs, Emerging Eastern European Markets: 2011-2014
  • Feed-in Tariffs for Key Thin-Film PV Countries, Asia Pacific: 2012
  • PV Feed-in Tariffs, China: 2010-2014
  • National Solar Mission, India: 2010-2022
  • PV Feed-in Tariffs, India: 2011
  • Japan's New Law for Utilization and PV Power Purchase Price: 2009
  • Japan's New FIT Program - from July 2012
  • PV Feed-in Tariffs, Malaysia: 2012
  • PV Feed-in Tariffs, South Korea: 2011
  • South Korea's One Million Green Home Program
  • PV Feed-in Tariffs, Taiwan: 2011
  • Comparison of Solar Technologies for BIPV
  • Comparison of PV Cell Technologies for the BIPV Market
  • a-Si Technology Roadmap Goals: 2010, 2011, and 2017
  • CdTe Technology Roadmap Goals: 2011 and 2017
  • CIGS Technology Roadmap Goals: 2011 and 2017
  • DSC Technology Roadmap Goals: 2011, 2012, and 2017
  • OPV Technology Roadmap Goals: 2011, 2012, and 2017
  • OPV Technology Issues and Developments
  • Issues Associated with PV Installations in Buildings
  • Architectural and Building Code Issues
  • Key UL and IEC Standards for BIPV Products
  • Standard Fire Ratings for Roof Coverings - UL 790/ASTM 108
  • Fire and Wind Standards for BIPV Products
  • Solar Partnerships - Technology Suppliers Teaming Up with Construction/Building Firms
  • Key Solar Panel Suppliers, World Markets: 2012
  • Dyesol Technology Developers and Industrial Partners
  • Key Developers Integrating Solar Cell Technology into BAPV/BIPV Products, World Markets: 2012
  • Key Developers Integrating Solar Cell Technology into BIPV Products, World Markets: 2012
  • Solarmer's OPV Developments
  • Key Building Materials Suppliers Integrating Solar Cell Technology into BAPV/BIPV Products
  • Comparison of PV Module Costs by Technology, World Markets: 2011, 2012, and 2017
  • BIPV/BAPV Capacity, World Markets: 2011-2017
  • BIPV Capacity, World Markets: 2011-2017
  • BAPV Capacity, World Markets: 2011-2017
  • Wholesale BIPV/BAPV Revenue, World Markets: 2011-2017
  • BIPV/BAPV Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2011-2017
  • BIPV/BAPV Capacity by Technology, World Markets: 2011-2017
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