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Community and Residential Energy Storage: Market Analysis and Forecasts

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This publication has been discontinued on April 5, 2014.

Abstract

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Community and residential energy storage systems are sited at the "end of the line" on the grid. These systems are typically much smaller than utility-scale or bulk energy storage and are either situated at the distribution transformer or at the customer premise. Of the varied application areas for energy storage systems, community and residential storage is one of the newest and least understood applications. Currently, utilities, vendors, and even governments are demonstrating community and residential energy storage systems with a goal of understanding the value of these small, distributed systems sited at the edge of the electrical grid. These groups are testing CRES for the purposes of smoothing peaks in electricity demand, enabling voltage support and frequency regulation, and providing islanding capabilities.

Although the CRES sector is still nascent, market conditions, technology capabilities, and economics are beginning to align in a way that points to significant growth opportunities over the coming decade. The expansion of distributed solar photovoltaics capacity, the adoption of plug-in electric vehicles, and the spread of dynamic pricing programs will all be key drivers in the growth of such distributed energy storage systems. However, current barriers to CRES include the need for further refinement of business models for community and residential deployments, regulatory barriers related to financial structures, and the identification of cost/benefit models for various CRES applications.

This Pike Research report assesses the market opportunity for the utilization of battery-based energy storage systems in community and residential deployments. Key applications covered include voltage support, frequency regulation, islanding, and peak shaving using lithium ion, advanced lead-acid, and flow battery technologies. The study includes profiles and SWOT analysis for key industry players as well as global revenue and installed capacity forecasts, segmented by technology and region, for the period from 2012 to 2022.

Key Questions Addressed:

  • What are the key applications for distributed energy storage systems?
  • What are the market drivers and barriers for community energy storage and how do they differ for residential energy storage?
  • What is the technology mix for CRES in each global region and how will it change over time?
  • What regions will be the global leaders in CRES and why?
  • How large is the CRES market, in terms of capacity and revenue?
  • What are the key metrics and methodologies for analyzing CRES market opportunities?

Who needs this report?

  • Energy storage technology vendors and integrators
  • Energy storage service providers
  • Battery manufacturers and component providers
  • Renewable energy technology providers and project developers
  • Renewable energy project developers
  • Utilities
  • Government agencies
  • Investor community

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

  • 1.1 Introduction
  • 1.2 Specific Applications for CRES
  • 1.3 CRES Technologies and Players
  • 1.4 Drivers for CRES
  • 1.5 Barriers to CRES
  • 1.6 CRES Market Forecast

2. Market Issues

  • 2.1 CRES Market Segments
    • 2.1.1 Grid-Tied Community Energy Storage
    • 2.1.2 Grid-Tied Residential Energy Storage
  • 2.2 The Grid and Differences among World Regions
  • 2.3 Pilots and Demonstrations
  • 2.4 Market Drivers
    • 2.4.1 Distributed Solar
    • 2.4.2 Plug-in Vehicles
    • 2.4.3 Other Intermittent Renewables
    • 2.4.4 Dynamic Pricing
  • 2.5 Market Barriers
    • 2.5.1 Business Models
    • 2.5.2 Utility Attitudes and Objectives
    • 2.5.3 Consumer Attitudes

3. Markets by Region

  • 3.1 Summary
  • 3.2 North America
    • 3.2.1 Energy Mix
    • 3.2.2 Distributed Solar PV
    • 3.2.3 Plug-in Electric Vehicles
    • 3.2.4 Dynamic Pricing
    • 3.2.5 Spotlight: State of California Initiatives
  • 3.3 Europe
    • 3.3.1 Energy Mix
    • 3.3.2 Distributed Solar PV
    • 3.3.3 Plug-in Electric Vehicles
    • 3.3.4 Dynamic Pricing
    • 3.3.5 Spotlight: CRES Opportunities in France
      • 3.3.5.1 Distributed Solar PV
      • 3.3.5.2 Plug-in Vehicles
      • 3.3.5.3 Residential Electricity Pricing Schemes
    • 3.3.6 Spotlight on CRES Opportunities: Germany
      • 3.3.6.1 Distributed Solar PV
      • 3.3.6.2 Plug-in Vehicles
  • 3.4 Asia Pacific
    • 3.4.1 Key Drivers in Asia Pacific
    • 3.4.2 Spotlight: CRES Opportunities in China
      • 3.4.2.1 Distributed Solar PV
      • 3.4.2.2 Plug-in Vehicles
      • 3.4.2.3 Dynamic Pricing
    • 3.4.3 Spotlight: CRES Opportunities in Japan
      • 3.4.3.1 Distributed Solar PV
      • 3.4.3.2 Dynamic Pricing
    • 3.4.4 Spotlight: South Korea's New Energy Initiatives
      • 3.4.4.1 Smart Grid Program
      • 3.4.4.2 Jeju Island Test Bed
  • 3.5 Rest of the World

4. Technology Issues

  • 4.1 Introduction
  • 4.2 Flow Batteries
    • 4.2.1 Vanadium Redox Flow Batteries
    • 4.2.2 Zinc Bromine Flow Batteries
  • 4.3 Lead-Acid Batteries
  • 4.4 Advanced Lead-Acid Batteries
  • 4.5 Li-ion Batteries
    • 4.5.1 Overview
    • 4.5.2 Leading Chemistries
    • 4.5.3 Summary of Developments
    • 4.5.4 Efficiency and Capacity
    • 4.5.5 Issues Related to Cost

5. Key Industry Players

  • 5.1 Introduction
  • 5.2 Advanced Lead-Acid Batteries
    • 5.2.1 GS Battery
    • 5.2.2 Panasonic
    • 5.2.3 Xtreme Power
  • 5.3 Li-ion
    • 5.3.1 A123 Systems
    • 5.3.2 Altair Nanotechnologies
    • 5.3.3 Boston-Power, Inc.
    • 5.3.4 International Battery
    • 5.3.5 LG Chem Ltd.
    • 5.3.6 Saft Batteries
    • 5.3.7 Sony
  • 5.4 Flow Batteries
    • 5.4.1 EnerVault Corporation
    • 5.4.2 Premium Power Corporation
    • 5.4.3 Prudent Energy Corporation
    • 5.4.4 Primus Power
    • 5.4.5 RedFlow Technologies, Ltd.
    • 5.4.6 Sumitomo Electric Industries, Ltd.
    • 5.4.7 ZBB Energy Corporation
  • 5.5 Utilities
    • 5.5.1 American Electric Power
    • 5.5.2 Duke Energy
    • 5.5.3 Scottish and Southern Energy (SSE)
    • 5.5.4 Southern California Edison
  • 5.6 Energy Storage Value-Add Players
    • 5.6.1 Pacific Northwest National Lab
    • 5.6.2 ABB
    • 5.6.3 Rubenius
    • 5.6.4 S&C Electric Company

6. Market Forecasts

  • 6.1 Pike Research Forecast Methodology
    • 6.1.1 Cost
    • 6.1.2 Model
    • 6.1.3 Flexpoints in the Model
  • 6.2 Forecast by CRES Technology
  • 6.3 Applications Forecast
  • 6.4 Forecast by Region

7. Company Directory

8. Acronym and Abbreviation List

9. Table of Contents

10. Table of Charts and Figures

11. Scope of Study, Sources and Methodology, Notes

List of Charts and Figures

  • CRES Installed Capacity by Technology, World Markets: 2012-2022
  • Electricity Production by Fuel Type, Canada: 2008
  • Electricity Production by Fuel Type, United States: 2008
  • Distributed PV Annual Capacity Additions, Americas: 2009-2015
  • Cumulative Light-Duty PEV Sales, North America: 2011-2017
  • Share of Renewable Energy in Gross Final Energy Consumption, World Markets: 2006-2020
  • Distributed PV Annual Capacity Additions, Europe: 2009-2015
  • Cumulative Light-Duty PEV Sales, Europe: 2011-2017
  • Distributed PV Capacity Additions, Asia Pacific: 2009-2015
  • Cumulative Light-Duty PEV Sales, Asia Pacific: 2011-2017
  • Electricity Production by Fuel Type, China: 2008
  • Electricity Production by Fuel Type, Japan: 2008
  • CRES Installed Capacity by Technology, World Markets: 2012-2022
  • Installed Revenue by CRES Technology, World Markets: 2012-2022
  • Installed Capacity for CES by Technology, World Markets: 2012-2022
  • Installed Capacity for RES by Technology, World Markets: 2012-2022
  • Installed Capacity by CRES Application, World Markets: 2012-2022
  • Installed CRES Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2012-2022
  • Installed CES Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2012-2022
  • Installed RES Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2012-2022
  • Installed Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2012-2022
  • Installed CES Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2012-2022
  • Installed RES Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2012-2022
  • Pattern of Voltage Levels Delivered to Customers Worldwide
  • Renewable Distributed Energy Generation Carve-Outs by State, United States: 2011
  • Solar Energy Production (Ton of Oil Equivalent) in Europe
  • Japan's Solar PV Plan
  • How TEPCO Calculates Electricity Charges for Residential Customers
  • Korea's Smart Grid Roadmap
  • Korea's Jeju Island Smart Grid Test Bed
  • Schematic of Vanadium Redox Battery Technology
  • Core VRB Application: Conventional Energy Time Shifting or Load Leveling
  • Advanced Lead-Acid Battery Cycle Life Comparison to Other Advanced Batteries
  • List of Tables
  • Specific Applications Performed by CRES, Drivers, Challenges, and Benefits
  • Community, Residential, and Off-Grid/Remote Energy Storage Projects, World Markets: 2011
  • Renewable Energy Policies and Incentives, World Markets: 2010
  • Utilities with Residential Dynamic Charges, United States
  • Energy Storage Guidelines under SGIP
  • AB 2514 Implementation Timeline
  • EDF Flat-Rate and Peak/Off-Peak Rates as Set by Regulator, France: 2011
  • EDF Tempo Color Scheme, France: 2011
  • Tempo Pricing Scheme, Pricing Set by Regulator, France: 2011
  • Standard Pricing Scheme for TEPCO Residential Customers
  • New and Renewable Energy Feed-In Tariff Scheme, Korea
  • Funding Profile of Korea's Smart Grid Program through 2030
  • CRES Segments and Technologies Summary
  • Characteristics of Li-ion Battery Chemistries
  • GS Battery SWOT Analysis
  • Panasonic SWOT Analysis
  • Xtreme Power SWOT Analysis
  • A123 Systems SWOT Analysis
  • Altair Nanotechnologies SWOT Analysis
  • Boston Power SWOT Analysis
  • International Battery SWOT Analysis
  • LG Chem SWOT Analysis
  • Saft Batteries SWOT Analysis
  • Sony SWOT Analysis
  • EnerVault SWOT Analysis
  • Premium Power SWOT Analysis
  • Prudent Energy SWOT Analysis
  • Primus Power SWOT Analysis
  • RedFlow Technologies SWOT Analysis
  • Sumitomo Electric Industries SWOT Analysis
  • ZBB Energy Corporation SWOT Analysis
  • American Electric Power SWOT Analysis
  • Duke Energy SWOT Analysis
  • SSE SWOT Analysis
  • Southern California Edison SWOT Analysis
  • Pacific Northwest National Lab SWOT Analysis
  • ABB SWOT Analysis
  • Rubenius SWOT Analysis
  • S&C Electric Company SWOT Analysis
  • Baseline Figures for Each Application in the CRES Forecast, World Markets: 2012
  • Key Flexpoints in the CRES Model
  • Renewable Energy Policies and Incentives, World Markets: 2010
  • Installed Power Cost by Technology for CRES Applications: 2012-2022
  • Installed Energy Cost by Technology for CRES Applications: 2012-2022
  • Growth of New Advanced Lead-Acid Batteries by Region, World Markets: 2012-2022
  • Advanced Lead-Acid Battery Installed New Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2012-2022
  • Advanced Lead-Acid Battery Installed New CES Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2012-2022
  • Advanced Lead-Acid Battery Installed New RES Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2012-2022
  • Advanced Lead-Acid Battery Power Cost by Region, World Markets: 2012-2022
  • Advanced Lead-Acid Battery Energy Cost by Region, World Markets: 2012-2022
  • Advanced Lead-Acid Battery Total Installed System Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2012-2022
  • Advanced Lead-Acid Battery CES Installed System Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2012-2022
  • Advanced Lead-Acid Battery RES Installed System Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2012-2022
  • Growth of New Advanced Li-ion Batteries by Region, World Markets: 2012-2022
  • Advanced Li-ion Battery Installed New Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2012-2022
  • Advanced Li-ion Battery Installed New CES Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2012-2022
  • Advanced Li-ion Battery Installed New RES Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2012-2022
  • Advanced Li-ion Battery Power Cost by Region, World Markets: 2012-2022
  • Advanced Li-ion Battery Energy Cost by Region, World Markets: 2012-2022
  • Advanced Li-ion Battery Total Installed System Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2012-2022
  • Advanced Li-ion Battery CES Installed System Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2012-2022
  • Advanced Li-ion Battery RES Installed System Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2012-2022
  • Growth of New Advanced Flow Batteries by Region, World Markets: 2012-2022
  • Advanced Flow Battery Installed New Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2012-2022
  • Advanced Flow Battery Installed New CES Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2012-2022
  • Advanced Flow Battery Installed New RES Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2012-2022
  • Advanced Flow Battery Power Cost by Region, World Markets: 2012-2022
  • Advanced Flow Battery Energy Cost by Region, World Markets: 2012-2022
  • Advanced Flow Battery Total Installed System Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2012-2022
  • Advanced Flow Battery CES Installed System Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2012-2022
  • Advanced Flow Battery RES Installed System Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2012-2022
  • New Installed CRES Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2012-2022
  • Advanced Lead-Acid New Installed Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2012-2022
  • Li-ion New Installed Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2012-2022
  • Flow Battery New Installed Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2012-2022
  • Grid-tied Community Storage Revenue by Technology, World Markets: 2012-2022
  • Grid-tied Residential Storage Revenue by Technology, World Markets: 2012-2022
  • Total Revenue by Technology, World Markets: 2012-2022
  • Total Revenue by Application, World Markets: 2012-2022
  • Total New Installed Community Energy Storage Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2012-2022
  • Advanced Lead-Acid New Installed Community Energy Storage Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2012-2022
  • Li-ion New Installed Community Energy Storage Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2012-2022
  • Flow Battery New Installed Community Energy Storage Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2012-2022
  • Total New Installed Residential Energy Storage Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2012-2022
  • Advanced Lead-Acid New Installed Residential Energy Storage Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2012-2022
  • Li-ion New Installed Residential Energy Storage Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2012-2022
  • Flow Battery New Installed Residential Energy Storage Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2012-2022
  • Total New Installed CRES Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2012-2022
  • Advanced Lead-Acid New Installed Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2012-2022
  • Li-ion New Installed Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2012-2022
  • Flow Battery New Installed Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2012-2022
  • Grid-tied Community Storage by Technology, World Markets: 2012-2022
  • Grid-tied Residential Storage by Technology, World Markets: 2012-2022
  • Total Capacity by Technology, World Markets: 2012-2022
  • Total Capacity by Application, World Markets: 2012-2022
  • Total New Installed Community Energy Storage Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2012-2022
  • Advanced Lead-Acid New Installed Community Energy Storage Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2012-2022
  • Li-ion New Installed Community Energy Storage Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2012-2022
  • Flow Battery New Installed Community Energy Storage Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2012-2022
  • Total New Installed Residential Energy Storage Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2012-2022
  • Advanced Lead-Acid New Installed Residential Energy Storage Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2012-2022
  • Li-ion New Installed Residential Energy Storage Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2012-2022
  • Flow Battery New Installed Residential Energy Storage Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2012-2022
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