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Electric Vehicle Charging Equipment in Europe: Market Analysis and Forecasts

Abstract

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Across Europe, plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) are being delivered by the thousands each month. The EV charging infrastructure that enables vehicles to charge at home, at the workplace, and in public spaces is simultaneously being rolled out utilizing a variety of deployment models and several different technology configurations. By 2020, Pike Research forecasts that more than 2.9 million PEVs will be on Europe's roadways and that the region will have more than 4.1 million EV charging stations installed.

The top five European markets for EV supply equipment (EVSE) will be Germany, France, the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, and Italy, with this group representing more than 60% of the total market. The dynamics of demand for EVSE will be different in Europe than in other parts of the world; for example, residential charging equipment adoption will be slower than in North America as more EV owners will opt to use base power from a wall outlet or will rely primarily on commercial charging stations.

This Pike Research report examines key market trends and drivers for the deployment of electric vehicle charging equipment across Europe. The study includes a comprehensive analysis of business models and demand factors, technology and standards issues, and the strategies of key industry players within the region. Detailed market forecasts are provided for 19 European countries and seven key market segments, including projections for equipment sales and revenue through 2020.

Key Questions Addressed:

  • How many battery electric and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles will be sold in Europe through 2020?
  • What role will fast DC charging play in commercial locations?
  • What role will employers play in providing EV charging equipment?
  • How quickly will the price of EVSEs decrease, and what does that mean for demand?
  • What role do utilities play in supporting EV charging, and what are the leading companies?
  • Which charging standards are automotive OEMs currently supporting?

Who needs this report?

  • Utilities
  • Electric vehicle manufacturers
  • Charging equipment manufacturers
  • Building owners and managers
  • Industry associations
  • Government agencies
  • Investor community

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

  • 1.1 Introduction

2. Market Overview

  • 2.1 Plug-in Electric Vehicle Market
  • 2.2 Residential Charging
    • 2.2.1 Equipment Upgrades and Permitting
    • 2.2.2 Charging Rates
  • 2.3 Public Charging
    • 2.3.1 Private Charging
    • 2.3.2 Workplace Charging
  • 2.4 Automaker Support for Different Charging Methods
    • 2.4.1 BMW: Mini and ActiveE
    • 2.4.2 Daimler Group: Smart Fortwo and Mercedes Vito E-Cell
    • 2.4.3 Ford: Focus Electric
    • 2.4.4 Mia Electric: mia
    • 2.4.5 Mitsubishi and PSA Peugeot-Citroen: i-MiEV, Citroen C-Zero, and Peugeot iOn
    • 2.4.6 General Motors: Opel Ampera
    • 2.4.7 Renault-Nissan Alliance: Leaf, Kangoo Z.E., Fluence Z.E., and ZOE
    • 2.4.8 Toyota: Prius
    • 2.4.9 Volkswagen Group
  • 2.5 Equipment Cost
  • 2.6 Utility Involvement

3. Marketing and Commercialization

  • 3.1 Business Models for Providing Electricity to Electric Vehicles
    • 3.1.1 Giving It Away
    • 3.1.2 Combining EV Charging with Another Product or Service
    • 3.1.3 EV Charging on a Pay-as-You-Go Basis
    • 3.1.4 Subscription Pricing
    • 3.1.5 Charging Networks
  • 3.2 Smart Charging
    • 3.2.1 Individual Smart Charging
    • 3.2.2 Fleet Smart Charging
  • 3.3 Demand Drivers
    • 3.3.1 EU Emissions Goals
    • 3.3.2 City Emissions Reductions Goals
    • 3.3.3 Incentives for PEVs or Charging Equipment
    • 3.3.4 Cost and Origin of Electricity
  • 3.4 Smart Grid

4. Technology Issues

  • 4.1 Network and Grid Issues
    • 4.1.1 Impact on the Power Grid
      • 4.1.1.1 Generation Capacity
      • 4.1.1.2 Impact on Distribution
    • 4.1.2 Three-phase PEV Charging
    • 4.1.3 Fast DC Charging Equipment
    • 4.1.3.1 SAE Combination Charger
    • 4.1.4 Wireless Charging
  • 4.2 Battery Exchange Stations
  • 4.3 Connectors
  • 4.4 Vehicle-to-Grid
    • 4.4.1 Technical Requirements and Constraints

5. Key Industry Players

  • 5.1 Car Manufacturers
    • 5.1.1 BMW AG
    • 5.1.2 Daimler (Mercedes and Smart)
    • 5.1.3 Ford
    • 5.1.4 General Motors (Opel and Chevrolet)
    • 5.1.5 Mia Electric
    • 5.1.6 Mitsubishi (with Peugeot-Citroen)
    • 5.1.7 Renault-Nissan
    • 5.1.8 Toyota
    • 5.1.9 Volkswagen
  • 5.2 EVSE Manufacturers
    • 5.2.1 ABB
    • 5.2.2 Alpiq E-Mobility AG
    • 5.2.3 Chargemaster Plc
    • 5.2.4 Circutor SA
    • 5.2.5 Coulomb Technologies, Inc.
    • 5.2.6 DBT France
    • 5.2.7 Efacec Group
    • 5.2.8 Elektromotive Ltd.
    • 5.2.9 General Electric
    • 5.2.10 Hager Ltd.
    • 5.2.11 Legrand
    • 5.2.12 Mennekes Elektrotechnik GmbH & Co. KG
    • 5.2.13 POD Point, Ltd.
    • 5.2.14 SaintrOnic
    • 5.2.15 Schneider Electric SA
    • 5.2.16 Siemens AG
  • 5.3 Utilities
    • 5.3.1 A2A S.p.A.
    • 5.3.2 British Gas
    • 5.3.3 DB Energie
    • 5.3.4 Ecotricity Group Ltd.
    • 5.3.5 Elektrizitatswerke des Kantons Zurich (EKZ)
    • 5.3.6 EnBW Energie Baden-Wurttemberg AG
    • 5.3.7 Enel S.p.A.
    • 5.3.8 Electricity Supply Board (ESB)
    • 5.3.9 Gruppo Hera (Hera Group)
    • 5.3.10 RWE AG
    • 5.3.11 Vattenfall AB
  • 5.4 Service Companies, Associations, and Non-Profit Organizations
    • 5.4.1 Auto Bleue
    • 5.4.2 ChargePoint Services, Ltd.
    • 5.4.3 ChoosEV A/S
    • 5.4.4 Danish Energy Association
    • 5.4.5 Edison
    • 5.4.6 Stichting e-laad
    • 5.4.7 Monaco Government

6. Market Forecasts

  • 6.1 EV Penetration
  • 6.2 EVSE Market Forecasts
    • 6.2.1 Denmark
    • 6.2.2 France
    • 6.2.3 Germany
    • 6.2.4 Ireland
    • 6.2.5 Italy
    • 6.2.6 Netherlands
    • 6.2.7 Norway
    • 6.2.8 Portugal
    • 6.2.9 Spain
    • 6.2.10 Switzerland
    • 6.2.11 United Kingdom

7. Company Directory

8. Acronym and Abbreviation List

9. Table of Contents

10. Table of Charts and Figures

11. Scope of Study, Sources and Methodology, Notes

List of Charts and Figures

  • EV Charging Equipment Revenue by Segment, Europe: 2012-2020
  • Total Light Duty PEV Sales by Country, Europe: 2012-2020
  • Total EV Charging Equipment Unit Sales by Country, Europe: 2012-2020
  • Residential EV Charging Equipment Unit Sales by Country, Europe: 2012-2020
  • Workplace EV Charging Equipment Unit Sales by Country, Europe: 2012-2020
  • Public EV Charging Equipment Unit Sales by Country, Europe: 2012-2020
  • Private EV Charging Equipment Unit Sales by Country, Europe: 2012-2020
  • DC Charging Station Installations by Country, Europe: 2012-2020
  • Wireless EV Charging Station Installations by Country, Europe: 2012-2020
  • Total EV Charging Equipment Unit Sales, Denmark: 2012-2020
  • Total EV Charging Equipment Unit Sales, France: 2012-2020
  • Total EV Charging Equipment Unit Sales, Germany: 2012-2020
  • Total EV Charging Equipment Unit Sales, Ireland: 2012-2020
  • Total EV Charging Equipment Unit Sales, Italy: 2012-2020
  • Total EV Charging Equipment Unit Sales, Netherlands: 2012-2020
  • Total EV Charging Equipment Unit Sales, Norway: 2012-2020
  • Total EV Charging Equipment Unit Sales, Portugal: 2012-2020
  • Total EV Charging Equipment Unit Sales, Spain: 2012-2020
  • Total EV Charging Equipment Unit Sales, Switzerland: 2012-2020
  • Total EV Charging Equipment Unit Sales, United Kingdom: 2012-2020
  • Roadside EV Charging Equipment
  • Smart Charging Grid Integration
  • SAE Combination Charger
  • Qualcomm Halo Wireless Charging Equipment
  • Mennekes Connector

List of Tables

  • Vehicle Roadmap for Plug-in Hybrid and Electric Passenger Vehicles, Europe: 2012-2014
  • European Public EVSE Installation Projects
  • European EV Charging Networks
  • Light Duty PHEV Sales by Country, Europe: 2012-2020
  • Light Duty BEV Sales by Country, Europe: 2012-2020
  • Total Light Duty PEV Sales by Country, Europe: 2012-2020
  • Cumulative Light Duty PEV Sales by Country, Europe: 2012-2020
  • Total EV Charging Equipment Unit Sales by Country, Europe: 2012-2020
  • Cumulative EV Charging Equipment Unit Sales by Country, Europe: 2012-2020
  • Residential EV Charging Equipment Sales by Country, Europe: 2012-2020
  • Workplace EV Charging Equipment Sales by Country, Europe: 2012-2020
  • Public EV Charging Equipment Sales by Country, Europe: 2012-2020
  • Private EV Charging Equipment Unit Sales by Country, Europe: 2012-2020
  • EV Charging Equipment Sales Percentage by Segment, Europe: 2012-2020
  • DC Charging Station Installations by Country, Europe: 2012-2020
  • Commercial EV Charging Station Installations by Country, Europe: 2012-2020
  • Wireless EV Charging Station Installations by Country, Europe: 2013-2020
  • EV Charging Equipment Revenue by Country, Europe: 2012-2020
  • Residential EV Charging Equipment Revenue by Country, Europe: 2012-2020
  • DC Charging Equipment Revenue by Country, Europe: 2012-2020
  • Commercial EV Charging Equipment Revenue by Country, Europe: 2012-2020
  • Wireless EV Charging Station Revenue by Country, Europe: 2013-2020
  • Total EV Charging Equipment Revenue by Segment, Europe: 2012-2020
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