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DASH7 Technology and Applications: WSN and Mobile Phones - NFC

Abstract

Research Methodology

Considerable research was done using the Internet. Information from various Web sites was studied and analyzed; evaluation of publicly available marketing and technical publications was also conducted. Telephone conversations and interviews were held with industry analysts, technical experts and executives. In addition to these interviews and primary research, secondary sources were used to develop a more complete mosaic of the market landscape, including industry and trade publications, conferences and seminars.

The overriding objective throughout the work has been to provide valid and relevant information. This has led to a continual review and update of the information content.

Target Audience

This report will be useful for technical and marketing staff that is involved in the development and utilization of wireless technologies in the WSN or cellular environments. It can also help vendors to identify competition.

Brief

This report addresses the evolving DASH7 (ISO 18000-7) technology and its two major applications - Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) and Mobile Phones with Near Field Communications (NFC). The industry and users are expressing interest to DASH7 as a reliable means of communication to sustain extremely low power consumption of a transceiver (less than ZigBee transceiver in many cases) together with extended transmission ranges (up to several kilometers) and simplified networking.

The report provides:

  • Analysis of DASH7 technology status
  • Overview of the DASH7 standardization process
  • Layered structure of DASH7 protocol
  • DASH7 industry analysis.

The military applications of DASH7 were prevailing till recently; commercialization of this technology had started only a few years ago.

So far, the industry has defined several DASH7 applications. The major of them are:

  • Wireless Sensor Networks
  • Mobile Phone and other gadgets equipped with Near Field Communications integrated with DASH7.

The report details these two applications technologies, standardization, markets and the industry. It emphasizes DASH7 benefits for such applications and shows how this technology can enrich communications.

Table of Contents

1.0 Introduction

  • 1.1 General
    • 1.1.1 WSN
    • 1.1.2 NFC
  • 1.2 Scope
  • 1.3 Structure
  • 1.4 Research Methodology
  • 1.5 Target Audience

2.0 DASH7 Technology and Applications

  • 2.1 General
    • 2.1.1 Specifics
  • 2.2 DASH7 Alliance
    • 2.2.1 Specification
      • 2.2.1.1Physical Layer - PHY
      • 2.2.1.2 Data Layer
      • 2.2.1.3 Network Layer
      • 2.2.1.4 Higher Layers
      • 2.2.1.5 General Characteristics
      • 2.2.1.6 433 MHz Transmission
  • 2.3 ISO/IEC 18000-7:2009 Information technology - Radio frequency identification for item management - Part 7: Parameters for active air interface communications at 433 MHz
  • 2.4 Applications and Industry
    • Agaidi
    • Evigia
    • Hi-G-Tek
    • Identec Solutions
    • Savi
    • TI
    • WiHart Systems

3.0 Specifics and Applications: Wireless Sensor Networks

  • 3.1 Wireless Smart Sensor Structure
    • 3.1.1 General
    • 3.1.2 Major Parts
  • 3.2 Classification
    • 3.2.1 Military and Commercial
    • 3.2.2 Recording
    • 3.2.3 Technologies
    • 3.2.4 Other
  • 3.3 Details
    • 3.3.1 WSS Node
    • 3.3.2 Requirements
  • 3.4 Networking
    • 3.4.1 WSN-WSS: Examples
  • 3.5 WSS Functioning - Military Applications Example
  • 3.6 Parameters
  • 3.7 WSN at Work
    • 3.7.1 Illustration: Military
      • 3.7.1.1 Fusion
      • 3.7.1.2 Future Combat Systems
        • 3.7.1.2.1 Subgroups
          • 3.7.1.2.1.1 Tactical Subgroup
          • 3.7.1.2.1.2 Urban/MOUT Advanced Sensor Systems
    • 3.7.2 Smart Grid - HAN - Example (Commercial Application)
      • 3.7.2.1 U-SNAP Alliance
  • 3.8 Standardization
    • 3.8.1 IEEE1451: General
    • 3.8.2 IEEE1451: Family
    • 3.8.3 IEEE1451: Features
    • 3.8.4 IETF and IP/WSN
      • 3.8.4.1 Major Projects
        • 3.8.4.1.1 6LoWPAN WG
        • 3.8.4.1.2 6LoWPAN Development
        • 3.8.4.1.3 Details
        • 3.8.4.1.4 Industry Support
        • 3.8.4.1.5 NanoStack
        • 3.8.4.1.6 ROLL WG
  • 3.9 Major Applications - Classification
    • 3.9.1 General
    • 3.9.2 List of Applications
      • 3.9.2.1 Industrial Inventory Control
      • 3.9.2.2 Home Sensing (including HAN), Control and Media Delivery
      • 3.9.2.3 Logistics
      • 3.9.2.4 Industrial Process Control and Maintenance
      • 3.9.2.5 Safety / Health Monitoring
      • 3.9.2.6 Personnel Security
      • 3.9.2.7 Communications
      • 3.9.2.8 Military
      • 3.9.2.9 Industrial Sensing
      • 3.9.2.10 Infrastructure Security
      • 3.9.2.11 Smart Electrical Grid
    • 3.9.3 DASH7 and WSN
  • 3.10 Challenges
  • 3.11 Market Characteristics
    • 3.11.1 General
    • 3.10.2 Estimate
  • 3.12 Trends
  • 3.13 WSN/WSS Equipment Vendors
    • BAE Systems
    • BBN (Raytheon BBN)
    • Crossbow - Moog Crossbow
    • Crane - WMS (Acquired by Textron in 2010)
    • Dust Networks
    • Elta
    • Exensor
    • Honeywell
    • Intel
    • Freescale
    • Harris
    • IWT
    • L3
    • Lockheed Martin
    • McQ
    • MeshDynamics
    • Memsic
    • Millennial Net
    • Newtrax
    • Nelco
    • NorthropGrumman
    • Qual-Tron
    • Rheinmetall
    • Selex Galileo
    • Sensys
    • Sensinode
    • Thales
    • Trident
    • Wavetronix

4.0 Near Field Communications

  • 4.1 General
  • 4.2 Major Characteristics
  • 4.3 Standards
    • 4.3.1 General
    • 4.3.2 ECMA - Near Field Communication Interface and Protocol (NFCIP-1)
    • 4.3.2.1 ECMA-352 - NFCIP-2
    • 4.3.3 ISO
    • 4.3.4 NFC Forum
      • 4.3.4.1 General
      • 4.3.4.2 Specifications
    • 4.3.5 NFC and ETSI
      • 4.3.5.1 Single Wire Protocol
    • 4.3.6 European Consortium (StoLPaN)
    • 4.3.7 Summary
  • 4.4 Security
  • 4.5 Comparison
    • 4.5.1 Bluetooth
    • 4.5.2 RFID
    • 4.5.3 NFC and DASH7
  • 4.6 NFC Applications
    • 4.6.1 General
    • 4.6.2 Primary Users
    • 4.6.3 NFC and Mobile Phone
      • 4.6.3.1 Examples
      • 4.6.3.2 Danger
    • 4.6.4 WPAN Applications
    • 4.6.5 Payment and Ticketing
    • 4.6.6 Smart Poster
    • 4.6.7 NFC and Wi-Fi
    • 4.6.8 NFC and UWB
    • 4.6.9 Trials and Services
    • 4.6.10 NFC and Health Care
  • 4.7 NFC Market
    • 4.7.1 General
    • 4.7.2 Market Drivers
    • 4.7.3 Estimate
  • 4.8 Vendors
    • Alvin
    • Apple
    • Arygon (Identive)
    • Broadcom
    • Gentag
    • G&D
    • Infineon (Intel)
    • Innovision (Acquired by Broadcom in 2010)
    • Inside Secure
    • Cambridge Consultants
    • Legic
    • Motorola Solutions
    • NEC
    • NeoWave
    • Nokia
    • Nexperts
    • NXP
    • Reslink
    • STMicroelectronics
    • Stollmann
    • Toppan Forms
    • Twinlinx
    • UPM Raflatac
    • Venyon
    • VivoTech
    • Wireless Dynamics
    • Zenius
  • 4.9 Summary of Major Trends

5.0 Conclusions

  • Figure 1: Transmission Ranges
  • Figure 2: Two Groups
  • Figure 3: WSS - by Recording
  • Figure 4: WSS Technologies
  • Figure 5: WSN Node
  • Figure 6: SS Intelligence Process
  • Figure 7: U.S. Commercial Segment - WSN Market Value Estimate ($B)
  • Figure 8: U.S. Commercial Segment - WSN Market Value Estimate (nodes)
  • Figure 9: WSN Market Geographical Segmentation (Commercial Segment)
  • Figure 10: WSN - Number of Nodes
  • Figure 11: Spectrum
  • Figure 12: Standardization
  • Figure 13: NFC ECMA and ISO Standards
  • Figure 14: NFC Forum Activities
  • Figure 15: Mobile Phone with NFC
  • Figure 16: TAM: Cell Phones & Accessories Sales (Bil. Units)
  • Figure 17: TAM: Cell Phones and Accessories Sales ($B)
  • Figure 18: TAM: NFC-enable Cell Phones Global Sales (Units Million)
  • Figure 19: TAM: NFC-able Cell Phones Sales ($B)
  • Figure 20: NFC-able Cell Phone Rate of Penetration (%)
  • Figure 21: TAM: Global NFC ICs Sales (Units Bil.)
  • Figure 22: TAM: Global NFC ICs Sales ($B)
  • Figure 23: NFC Market Geography
  • Table 1: Mode 1 and Mode 2
  • Table 2: DASH7 - PHY
  • Table 3: WSS Node Components-Price
  • Table 4: NFC Features Comparison
  • Table 5: NFC History
  • Table 6: NFC Development
  • Table 7: NFC Modes of Operations
  • Table 8: Bluetooth and NFC
  • Table 9: Examples: NFC-enable Cell Phones
  • Table 10: NFC-based Payment Systems -Trials
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