• Japanese
  • Korean
  • Chinese
Cover Image

Gas Infrastructure in Europe

This report investigates the current position of gas infrastructure in Europe and the current state of gas pipelines and projects in the region.

Features and benefits

  • Analyze the legislation surrounding the gas industry in Europe.
  • Analyze the major gas pipelines impacting Europe.
  • Analyze the major gas projects impacting Europe.
  • Understand the demand and supply dynamics of the gas market in Europe.
  • Understand the major drivers behind the growing gas market in Europe and who the major suppliers will be.

Highlights

The EU possesses only 1.6% of the world's proved natural gas reserves, and produces only 6.2% of the total production on earth, making imports a necessity now and in the foreseeable future. Natural gas is likely to become the energy source of choice in Europe after Germany and other countries decided to abandon nuclear energy.

Russia is the owner of proven natural gas reserves estimated at 1,680tcf located mainly in Siberia and is also the world's second largest producer of natural gas after the US, and the EU's largest external supplier. Four of Russia's seven major export pipelines move product to Europe and have a combined capacity of 4.0 tcf.

Shale gas refers to natural gas trapped within shale formations. The two key pieces of legislation at EU level that apply to shale gas activities are the Hydrocarbons Directive and REACH. Very little specific legislation or regulation, either at an EU or member-state level, currently exists regarding shale gas activities.

Your key questions answered

  • What are the major gas pipelines and what are the downsides to the proposed routes?
  • What are the major gas projects and how is this impacting the political environment?
  • How will the supply infrastructure change over the next 20 years?
  • What is the capital expenditure on major gas pipelines and projects over the next 20 years?
  • What is the future outlook for European gas infrastructure and which countries are most likely benefit?

Table of Contents

About the author

  • Disclaimer

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

  • European gas market
  • Legislation and regulation in the gas industry
  • Major gas pipelines in Europe
  • Major gas projects in Europe
  • Future outlook for gas infrastructure in Europe

European gas market

  • Summary
  • World gas reserves/European gas reserves
    • European proximity to major suppliers
    • Relations with Russia
    • Supply capacities
    • Size of the gas market in Europe
    • Use of gas in power generation
    • Gas and sustainability
  • Gas market in Europe
    • Germany
    • Italy
    • The Netherlands
    • Norway
    • Russia
    • Spain
    • The UK

Legislation and regulation in the gas industry

  • Summary
  • Shale gas and fracking
    • Legislation and regulation overview
    • Hydrocarbons Directive
    • REACH
    • Current status of shale legislation
    • Country-specific developments
  • Carbon emissions
    • The Kyoto Protocol
    • The 20-20-20 Targets
    • EU Emissions Trading System
    • The Copenhagen Accord, December 2009
    • Climate and Energy Package, December 2008
    • Shale gas and fracking emissions
  • Transit and storage
    • EU Transit Protocol
    • Timeline of transit and storage legislation
    • Problems with EU policy
    • Other relevant legislation for the gas sector
    • Storage and supply

Major pipelines in Europe

  • Summary
  • Introduction
  • Nabucco
    • Capacity
    • Ownership
    • Transit countries
    • Capex cost
    • Start-up date
    • Supply sources
    • End consumers
    • Transit fees
    • Current status
  • South Stream
    • Capacity
    • Ownership
    • Transit countries
    • Capex cost
    • Start-up date
    • Supply sources
    • End consumers
    • Transit fees
  • Nord Stream
    • Capacity
    • Ownership
    • Transit countries
    • Capex cost
    • Start-up date
    • Supply sources
    • End consumers
    • Transit fees
  • Langeled
    • Capacity
    • Ownership
    • Transit countries
    • Capex cost
    • Start-up date
    • Supply sources
    • End consumers
  • Blue Stream
    • Capacity
    • Ownership
    • Transit countries
    • Capex cost
    • Start-up date
    • Supply sources
    • End consumers
    • Transit fees
  • Blue Stream 2
  • Galsi
    • Capacity
    • Ownership
    • Transit countries
    • Capex cost
    • Start-up date
    • Supply sources
    • End consumers
  • Trans Adriatic Pipeline (TAP)
    • Capacity
    • Ownership
    • Transit countries
    • Capex cost
    • Start-up date
    • Supply sources
    • End consumers
    • Transit fees
  • Interconnector Turkey-Greece-Italy (ITGI)
    • Capacity
    • Ownership
    • Transit countries
    • Capex cost
    • Start-up date
    • Supply sources
    • End consumers
    • Transit fees
  • Medgaz
    • Capacity
    • Ownership
    • Transit countries
    • Capex cost
    • Start-up date
    • Supply sources
  • Maghreb Europe
    • Capacity
    • Ownership
    • Transit countries
    • Capex cost
    • Start-up date
    • Supply sources
    • End consumers
    • Transit fees
  • Trans-Mediterranean
    • Capacity
    • Ownership
    • Capex cost
    • Start-up date
    • Supply sources
    • End consumers
    • Transit fees
  • Green Stream
    • Capacity
    • Ownership
    • Capex cost
    • Start-up date
    • Supply sources
    • End consumers
  • White Stream
    • Capacity
    • Ownership
    • Transit countries
    • Capex cost
    • Start-up date
    • Supply source
    • End consumers

Major gas projects in Europe

  • Summary
  • Introduction
    • Kashagan Project
    • Shah Deniz
    • Shtokman
    • Yamal
    • Sakhalin
    • Karachaganak Field
    • Major gas companies with European projects

Future outlook for gas infrastructure in Europe

  • Summary
  • Changing market dynamics
    • Internal infrastructure
    • Funding issues
    • Third party suppliers
  • Key
  • Bibliography

TABLES

  • Table: World natural gas consumption (tcf), 2008 - 35
  • Table: World proved reserves of natural gas (tcf), 2009
  • Table: Eurasian gas consumption (bcm), 2000 - 10
  • Table: Issues and implications of fracking, 2012
  • Table: Fossil fuel emission levels (Ibs per billion btu of energy input), 2010
  • Table: Transit storage legislation, 1988 - 2011
  • Table: Unbundling options proposed under the third legislative package, 2009
  • Table: Major European pipelines, 2012
  • Table: Nabucco pipeline key statistics, 2012
  • Table: Shareholders of NIC, 2012
  • Table: South Stream ownership structure (%), 2012
  • Table: Nord Stream ownership structure (%), 2012
  • Table: Langeled pipeline key statistics, 2012
  • Table: Gas supplies to Turkey via Blue Stream (bcm), 2006 - 09
  • Table: Galsi ownership structure (%), 2012
  • Table: TAP ownership structure (%), 2012
  • Table: Medgaz ownership structure (%), 2012
  • Table: Major gas projects reserves (tcm) and capex (€ bn), 2012
  • Table: Agip Kazakhstan North Caspian Operating Company, shareholding (%)
  • Table: Shah Deniz ownership structure (%), 2012
  • Table: Sakhalin project partners (%), 2012
  • Table: Karachaganak consortium ownership structure (%), 2012

FIGURES

  • Figure: World natural gas consumption (tcf), 2008 - 35
  • Figure: World proved reserves of natural gas (tcf), 2009
  • Figure: World shale resources, 2010
  • Figure: Eurasian gas consumption (bcm), 2000 - 10
  • Figure: Relevant EU legislation on carbon emissions, 2002 - 12
  • Figure: Nabucco pipeline, 2011
  • Figure: South Stream ownership structure (%), 2012
  • Figure: Nord Stream ownership structure (%), 2012
  • Figure: Nord Stream pipeline, 2012
  • Figure: Langeled pipeline, 2012
  • Figure: Blue Stream pipeline, 2012
  • Figure: Gas supplies to Turkey via Blue Stream (bcm), 2006-09
  • Figure: Galsi ownership structure (%), 2012
  • Figure: Galsi pipeline, 2012
  • Figure: TAP ownership structure, 2012
  • Figure: ITGI pipeline, 2012
  • Figure: ITGI development 2005-2015
  • Figure: Ownership structure of Medgaz, 2012
  • Figure: Maghreb Europe pipeline, 2012
  • Figure: White Stream pipeline, 2012
  • Figure: Agip Kazakhstan North Caspian Operating Company, shareholding (%)
  • Figure: Kashagan project, 2012
  • Figure: Shah Deniz and Absheron blocks, 2012
  • Figure: Shah Deniz ownership structure (%), 2012
  • Figure: Shtokman field, 2012
  • Figure: Yamal gas fields, 2011
  • Figure: Sakhalin gas project, 2011
  • Figure: Karachaganak consortium ownership structure (%), 2012
  • Figure: Karachaganak field and CPC pipeline, 2011
Show More
Pricing
Get Notified
Email me when related reports are published