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Silicon and Ferrosilicon: Global Industry Markets and Outlook, 14th Edition 2014

Are you facing big decisions involving salt?

The market for silicon and ferrosilicon is global, and local events can make waves across the world. If you're involved with silicon and ferrosilicon in any way, you know that everything's important - both the small details and the big picture. A complete perspective is essential, whether you're preparing a company strategy, bringing product to market, buying, selling or investing.

Make the right choice

Whatever your challenge, this report gives you deep insights to help you make well-informed recommendations or decisions. It's a detailed account of:

  • World production and consumption
  • End-use market applications
  • Demand projections
  • International trade patterns
  • The operations of the major producers
  • Potential new and expansion projects

Is this report for you?

Our clients include anyone with an interest in the evolving silicon and ferrosilicon market, anywhere in the world. Readers of past reports have come from a wide range of relevant industries - from extraction to end-use, from raw material producers to consumers to banks, from existing players to new entrants. And they range from analysts and researchers to operational managers and chief executives.

Get accurate answers from independent experts

  • 1. Which is the fastest growing end-use for FeSi?
  • 2. What are the main factors affecting production costs of Si and FeSi?
  • 3. What is the global capacity utilisation rate for silicon metal plants?
  • 4. What are the main applications for silicones?
  • 5. How have export taxes and anti-dumping duties affected trade in Si and FeSi?

Table of Contents

1. Summary

  • 1.1. Silicon metal
  • 1.2. Ferrosilicon

2. Occurrence, history and properties of silicon metal and ferrosilicon

  • 2.1. Occurrence and resources of silicon
  • 2.2. Properties of silicon

3. Production processes, production costs and grades of silicon metal and ferrosilicon

  • 3.1. Silicon metal production processes
  • 3.2. Ferrosilicon production processes
  • 3.3. Silicon metal and ferrosilicon production costs
    • 3.3.1. Electricity costs
    • 3.3.2. Reductant costs
    • 3.3.3. Quartzite costs
    • 3.3.4. Electrode and iron costs
    • 3.3.5. Labour costs
    • 3.3.6. Cost curves for silicon metal
    • 3.3.7. Cost curves for ferrosilicon
  • 3.4. Grades of silicon metal and ferrosilicon
    • 3.4.1. Silicon metal grades
    • 3.4.2. Ferrosilicon grades

4. World supply of silicon metal and ferrosilicon

  • 4.1. Silicon metal production
    • 4.1.1. Silicon metal producing companies and capacities
  • 4.2. Ferrosilicon production
    • 4.2.1. Ferrosilicon capacities and producing companies
  • 4.3. New projects and future capacity

5. Notes on silicon metal and ferrosilicon producing countries

  • 5.1. Argentina
    • 5.1.1. Electrometalurgica Andina SAIC
    • 5.1.2. Globe Metales SA
    • 5.1.3. Industrias Siderurgicas Grassi
  • 5.2. Australia
    • 5.2.1. Simcoa Operations Pty Ltd.
  • 5.3. Bhutan
    • 5.3.1. Bhutan Ferro Alloys Ltd
    • 5.3.2. Other producers
  • 5.4. Bosnia-Herzegovina
    • 5.4.1. BSI d.o.o.
    • 5.4.2. Steelmin BH
  • 5.5. Brazil
    • 5.5.1. Silicon and ferrosilicon producing companies in Brazil
      • 5.5.1.1. Dow Corning - Cia Brasileira Carbureto de Calcio (CBCC)
      • 5.5.1.2. Dow Corning - Metais do Para
      • 5.5.1.3. Cia de Ferro Ligas da Bahia (Ferbasa)
      • 5.5.1.4. Cia Ferroligas Minas Gerais (Minasligas)
      • 5.5.1.5. Italmagnesio Nordeste SA
      • 5.5.1.6. Ligas de Aluminio SA (Liasa)
      • 5.5.1.7. Ligas do Brasil SA (Libra)
      • 5.5.1.8. Nova Era Silicon SA
      • 5.5.1.9. Rima Industrial SA
      • 5.5.1.10. Inonibras
      • 5.5.1.11. Bozel SA
  • 5.6. Bulgaria
  • 5.7. Canada
    • 5.7.1. Quebec Silicon Limited Partnership
    • 5.7.2. Elkem Chicoutimi
    • 5.7.3. Ferroatlantica SA
  • 5.8. Chile
  • 5.9. China
    • 5.9.1. Silicon metal producers in China
      • 5.9.1.1. Hubei Sanxin
      • 5.9.1.2. Gansu Sanxin
      • 5.9.1.3. Xinjiang Hesheng
      • 5.9.1.4. Guizhou Shibing Hengsheng
      • 5.9.1.5. Zhejiang Kaihua Yuantong Silicon
      • 5.9.1.6. Maoxian Panda Silicon
      • 5.9.1.7. Dalian Kangning Silicon Development
      • 5.9.1.8. Xiamen K Metal Co
      • 5.9.1.9. Yunnan Yongchang Silicon
      • 5.9.1.10. Yunnan Jingcheng
      • 5.9.1.11. Ferroatlantica Mangshi Sinice Silicon
      • 5.9.1.12. Zhejiang Zhongcheng
      • 5.9.1.13. BlueStar Lanzhou
    • 5.9.2. Ferrosilicon producers in China
      • 5.9.2.1. Erdos Metallurgy Group
      • 5.9.2.2. Ningxia Rongsheng Ferroalloy Group
      • 5.9.2.3. Dragon Northwest Ferroalloy
      • 5.9.2.4. Wuhai Junzheng Industry
      • 5.9.2.5. Inner Mongolia Baotou Daqingshan Smelting
      • 5.9.2.6. Qinghai Huadian Ferroalloy
  • 5.10. Egypt
    • 5.10.1. Egyptian Ferroalloy Co
    • 5.10.2. Egyptian Chemical Industries - Kima
  • 5.11. France
    • 5.11.1. FerroPem
  • 5.12. Germany
    • 5.12.1. RW Silicium GmbH
  • 5.13. Iceland
    • 5.13.1. Elkem Iceland
    • 5.13.2. Potential new projects
  • 5.14. India
    • 5.14.1. Ferrosilicon producing companies in India
  • 5.15. Iran
    • 5.15.1. Iran Ferroalloy Industries Co
    • 5.15.2. Iran Ferrosilice Co
  • 5.16. Italy
  • 5.17. Japan
  • 5.18. Kazakhstan
    • 5.18.1. Eurasian Natural Resources Corporation
    • 5.18.2. Silicium Kazakhstan LLP
    • 5.18.3. Kaz Silicon
  • 5.19. South Korea
    • 5.19.1. POSCO
  • 5.20. Laos
  • 5.21. Macedonia
    • 5.21.1. Jugohrom
  • 5.22. Malaysia
    • 5.22.1. Asia Minerals Limited, Pertama project
    • 5.22.2. OM Holdings project
  • 5.23. Netherlands
  • 5.24. New Zealand
  • 5.25. Norway
    • 5.25.1. Silicon and ferrosilicon producing companies
      • 5.25.1.1. Elkem ASA
      • 5.25.1.2. MFC Industrial
      • 5.25.1.3. Wacker Chemie Ag
      • 5.25.1.4. Finnfjord AS
  • 5.26. Paraguay
  • 5.27. Phillippines
  • 5.28. Poland
    • 5.28.1. Huta Laziska SA
  • 5.29. Romania
  • 5.30. Russia
    • 5.30.1. Silicon metal and ferrosilicon producing companies
      • 5.30.1.1. Mechel (Bratsk)
      • 5.30.1.2. Russian Ferro Alloys (ChEMK)
      • 5.30.1.3. Russian Ferro Alloys (Kuznetsk)
      • 5.30.1.4. Russian Ferro Alloys - Yurga
      • 5.30.1.5. ENRC - Serov
      • 5.30.1.6. Novolipetsk Steel
      • 5.30.1.7. Rusal
  • 5.31. Saudi Arabia
  • 5.32. Slovakia
  • 5.33. Slovenia
  • 5.34. South Africa
    • 5.34.1. Silicon metal and ferrosilicon producing companies in South Africa
      • 5.34.1.1. Kumba Ferroalloys
      • 5.34.1.2. Ferroatlantica South Africa
      • 5.34.1.3. Globe Specialty Metals - Silicon Technology (Pty) Ltd (Siltech)
      • 5.34.1.4. Siyanda-Inkwali Resources
  • 5.35. Spain
    • 5.35.1. Ferroatlantica SL
  • 5.36. Sweden
  • 5.37. Taiwan
  • 5.38. Thailand
  • 5.39. Turkey
  • 5.40. Ukraine
    • 5.40.1. Silicon metal and ferrosilicon producing companies in Ukraine
      • 5.40.1.1. Privat Group - Stakhanov
      • 5.40.1.2. Privat Group - Zaporozhye
  • 5.41. UK
  • 5.42. USA
    • 5.42.1. Silicon metal and ferrosilicon producing companies in the USA
      • 5.42.1.1. CC Metals & Alloys Inc (CCMA)
      • 5.42.1.2. Dow Corning
      • 5.42.1.3. Globe Specialty Metals
      • 5.42.1.4. Northwest Silicon
      • 5.42.1.5. Mississippi Silicon
  • 5.43. Uruguay
  • 5.44. Venezuela
    • 5.44.1. Ferroatlantica of Venezuela (Ferroven)

6. Consumption of silicon metal and ferrosilicon

  • 6.1. World consumption of silicon metal
  • 6.2. World consumption of ferrosilicon

7. Uses of silicon metal

  • 7.1. Use of silicon metal in aluminium alloys
    • 7.1.1. Markets for silicon-bearing aluminium alloys
    • 7.1.2. Use of silicon-bearing aluminium alloys in transportation
      • 7.1.2.1. Motor vehicles
      • 7.1.2.2. Railways
      • 7.1.2.3. Aerospace
      • 7.1.2.4. Marine
    • 7.1.3. Use of silicon-bearing aluminium alloys in machinery and equipment
    • 7.1.4. Use of silicon-bearing aluminium alloys in building and construction
    • 7.1.5. Use of silicon-bearing aluminium alloys in consumer durables
    • 7.1.6. Use of silicon-bearing aluminium alloys in electricity
      • 7.1.6.1. Electricity transmission
      • 7.1.6.2. Telecommunications
      • 7.1.6.3. Other
    • 7.1.7. Use of silicon-bearing aluminium alloys in containers and packaging
    • 7.1.8. Uses of silicon-bearing aluminium alloys in other applications
      • 7.1.8.1. Metallurgy
      • 7.1.8.2. Other applications
  • 7.2. Use of silicon metal in silicones
    • 7.2.1. Silanes
    • 7.2.2. Silicones
    • 7.2.3. The markets for silicones
    • 7.2.4. Producers of silicones
      • 7.2.4.1. Dow Corning
      • 7.2.4.2. Wacker-Chemie
      • 7.2.4.3. Momentive Performance Materials
      • 7.2.4.4. Shin Etsu
      • 7.2.4.5. Bluestar Silicones
      • 7.2.4.6. Evonik Industries
      • 7.2.4.7. Chinese producers
    • 7.2.5. Upstream integration of silicon-based chemical producers into silicon metal production
  • 7.3. Use of silicon metal in the production of polycrystalline silicon
    • 7.3.1. Hemlock Semiconductor Group
    • 7.3.2. Wacker Polysilicon
    • 7.3.3. Tokuyama Corp
    • 7.3.4. Renewable Energy Corporation
    • 7.3.5. MEMC Electronic Materials
    • 7.3.6. OCI
    • 7.3.7. Korea Chemicals Corporation
    • 7.3.8. Woongjin Polysilicon
    • 7.3.9. HanKook Silicon
    • 7.3.10. M.Setec
    • 7.3.11. Chinese polysilicon companies
      • 7.3.11.1. GCL-Poly Energy
      • 7.3.11.2. LDK Solar
      • 7.3.11.3. Other Chinese polysilicon producers
    • 7.3.12. Other non-Chinese polysilicon projects
  • 7.4. Use of silicon metal in photovoltaic (solar) cells
    • 7.4.1. Solar wafers
    • 7.4.2. Solar cells and modules
  • 7.5. Use of silicon metal in semiconductors
    • 7.5.1. Production of silicon semiconductor wafers
    • 7.5.2. Markets for silicon semiconductor wafers
      • 7.5.2.1. Silicon integrated circuits - chips
  • 7.6. Other uses of silicon metal
    • 7.6.1. Iron and steel
    • 7.6.2. Manganese alloys
    • 7.6.3. Superalloys
    • 7.6.4. Nickel and iron-based alloys
    • 7.6.5. Silicon nitride
    • 7.6.6. Sialons
    • 7.6.7. Silicon nanoparticles
    • 7.6.8. Porous silicon
  • 7.7. Microsilica

8. Uses of ferrosilicon

  • 8.1. Use of ferrosilicon in steel
    • 8.1.1. Applications of silicon in steel
    • 8.1.2. Factors affecting selecton of ferrosilicon or silicomanganese
      • 8.1.2.1. Relative price of ferrosilicon and silicomanganese
      • 8.1.2.2. Ratio of silicon to manganese in steel specification
      • 8.1.2.3. Steel plant configuration
    • 8.1.3. Steel types and implications for ferrosilicon consumption
      • 8.1.3.1. Carbon steel
      • 8.1.3.2. Stainless steel
      • 8.1.3.3. Electrical steel
      • 8.1.3.4. Other alloy steels
  • 8.2. Use of ferrosilicon in cast iron
    • 8.2.1. Production of cast iron
    • 8.2.2. Metallurgy and applications of cast irons
      • 8.2.2.1. Ductile iron
      • 8.2.2.2. Grey iron
      • 8.2.2.3. Malleable and other cast irons
  • 8.3. Use of ferrosilicon in magnesium
    • 8.3.1. Production of magnesium
    • 8.3.2. Applications of magnesium
  • 8.4. Other uses for ferrosilicon

9. Analysis of international trade data for silicon metal, high-purity silicon and ferrosilicon

  • 9.1. Anti-dumping duties, import and export taxes
  • 9.2. International trade in silicon metal
    • 9.2.1. Exports of silicon metal
    • 9.2.2. Imports of silicon metal
  • 9.3. International trade in high-purity silicon
    • 9.3.1. Exports of high-purity silicon
    • 9.3.2. Imports of high-purity silicon
  • 9.4. International trade in ferrosilicon containing more than 55% Si
    • 9.4.1. Exports of ferrosilicon containing more than 55% Si
    • 9.4.2. Imports of ferrosilicon containing more than 55% Si
  • 9.5. International trade in ferrosilicon containing less than 55% Si
    • 9.5.1. Exports of ferrosilicon containing less than 55% Si
    • 9.5.2. Imports of ferrosilicon containing less than 55% Si

10. Outlook for silicon metal and ferrosilicon consumption

  • 10.1. Outlook for silicon metal consumption
    • 10.1.1. Outlook for consumption of silicon metal in aluminium alloys
    • 10.1.2. Outlook for consumption of silicon metal in silicones
    • 10.1.3. Outlook for consumption of silicon metal in polycrystalline silicon
  • 10.2. Outlook for ferrosilicon consumption
    • 10.2.1. Outlook for consumption of ferrosilicon in steel
    • 10.2.2. Outlook for consumption of ferrosilicon in cast iron
    • 10.2.3. Outlook for consumption of ferrosilicon in magnesium

11. Prices and marketing of silicon metal and ferrosilicon

  • 11.1. Silicon metal prices
    • 11.1.1. Historical price trends for silicon metal
  • 11.2. Ferrosilicon prices
    • 11.2.1. Historical price trends for ferrosilicon
  • 11.3. Outlook for prices of silicon metal and ferrosilicon

Tables Listing

  • 1. Actual and forecast silicon metal spot prices, 2000 to 2019
  • 2. Actual and forecast standard 75% ferrosilicon spot prices, 2000 to 2019
  • 3. Thermal and mechanical properties of silicon
  • 4. Specifications of quartz for silicon metal and ferrosilicon production
  • 5. Typical silicon metal grade specifications, US market
  • 6. World: Production of silicon metal by country, 2004 to 2013
  • 7. World: Production of silicon metal by principal country, 2004 to 2013
  • 8. World: Silicon metal production capacity by company, 2014
  • 9. World: Production of ferrosilicon by country, 2004 to 2013
  • 10. World: Production of ferrosilicon by principal country, 2004 to 2013
  • 11. World: Ferrosilicon production capacity by company, 2014
  • 12. World: Planned new silicon metal and ferrosilicon capacity, 2014
  • 13. Argentina: Supply and demand for silicon metal and ferrosilicon, 2008 to 2013
  • 14. Australia: Supply and demand for silicon metal and ferrosilicon, 2008 to 2013
  • 15. Bhutan: Production and exports of ferrosilicon, 2008 to 2013
  • 16. Bhutan: Identified ferrosilicon producing companies and capacities, 2014
  • 17. Bosnia-Herzegovina: Production and exports of silicon metal, 2008 to 2013
  • 18. Brazil: Supply and demand for silicon metal and ferrosilicon, 2008 to 2013
  • 19. Brazil: Silicon metal and ferrosilicon producers
  • 20. Canada: Supply and demand for silicon metal and ferrosilicon, 2008 to 2013
  • 21. China: Supply and demand for silicon metal and ferrosilicon, 2008 to 2013
  • 22. China: Major silicon metal producers, 2014
  • 23. China: Major ferrosilicon producers, 2014
  • 24. France: Supply and demand for silicon metal and ferrosilicon, 2008 to 2013
  • 25. France: Silicon metal and ferrosilicon producers
  • 26. Germany: Supply and demand for silicon metal and ferrosilicon, 2008 to 2013
  • 27. Iceland: Supply and demand for silicon metal and ferrosilicon, 2008 to 2013
  • 28. India: Supply and demand for silicon metal and ferrosilicon, 2008 to 2013
  • 29. India: Identified ferrosilicon producing companies and capacities, 2014
  • 30. Italy: Supply and demand for silicon metal and ferrosilicon, 2008 to 2013
  • 31. Japan: Supply and demand for silicon metal and ferrosilicon, 2008 to 2013
  • 32. Kazakhstan: Supply and demand for silicon metal and ferrosilicon, 2008 to 2013
  • 33. South Korea: Supply and demand for silicon metal and ferrosilicon, 2008 to 2013
  • 34. Laos: Production and exports of silicon metal, 2008 to 2013
  • 35. Macedonia: Production and exports of ferrosilicon, 2008 to 2013
  • 36. Netherlands: Supply and demand for silicon metal and ferrosilicon, 2008 to 2013
  • 37. Norway: Supply and demand for silicon metal and ferrosilicon, 2008 to 2013
  • 38. Norway: Silicon metal and ferrosilicon producers
  • 39. Poland: Supply and demand for silicon metal and ferrosilicon, 2008 to 2013
  • 40. Russia: Supply and demand for silicon metal and ferrosilicon, 2008 to 2013
  • 41. Russia: Silicon metal and ferrosilicon producers
  • 42. Slovakia: Supply and demand for silicon metal and ferrosilicon, 2008 to 2013
  • 43. Slovenia: Supply and demand for silicon metal and ferrosilicon, 2008 to 2013
  • 44. South Africa: Supply and demand for silicon metal and ferrosilicon, 2008 to 2013
  • 45. South Africa: Silicon metal and ferrosilicon producers
  • 46. Spain: Supply and demand for silicon metal and ferrosilicon, 2008 to 2013
  • 47. Sweden: Supply and demand for silicon metal and ferrosilicon, 2008 to 2013
  • 48. Taiwan: Supply and demand for silicon metal and ferrosilicon, 2008 to 2013
  • 49. Thailand: Supply and demand for silicon metal and ferrosilicon, 2008 to 2013
  • 50. Turkey: Supply and demand for silicon metal and ferrosilicon, 2008 to 2013
  • 51. Ukraine: Supply and demand for silicon metal and ferrosilicon, 2008 to 2013
  • 52. Ukraine: Silicon metal and ferrosilicon producers, 2013
  • 53. UK: Supply and demand for silicon metal and ferrosilicon, 2008 to 2013
  • 54. USA: Supply and demand for silicon metal and ferrosilicon, 2008 to 2013
  • 55. USA: Silicon metal and ferrosilicon producers, 2010-2013
  • 56. Venezuela: Supply and demand for silicon metal and ferrosilicon, 2008 to 2013
  • 57. World: Apparent and reported consumption of silicon metal, 2005 to 2013
  • 58. World: Apparent and reported consumption of ferrosilicon, 2005 to 2013
  • 59. World: Estimated silicon content of aluminium output by region, 2006 to 2013
  • 60. Reporting countries: Production of aluminium castings, 2004 to 2013
  • 61. Compositions of the major aluminium alloys used in motor vehicles
  • 62. Applications of aluminium alloys containing silicon in automobiles
  • 63. World: Production of passenger vehicles by region, 2004 to 2013
  • 64. World: Production of light commercial vehicles by region, 2004 to 2013
  • 65. Estimated global polysilicon capacity by producer, 2005 to 2013
  • 66. World: Production of solar cells by region, 2007 to 2013
  • 67. World: Production of solar cells by major company, 2010 to 2013
  • 68. Global shipments of silicon semiconductor wafers, 2004 to 2013
  • 69. Average silicon content within identified steel product groups, 2013
  • 70. World: Production of crude steel by region, 2000 to 2013
  • 71. World: Average annual periodic growth rates of crude steel production by region, 1980 to 2013
  • 72. World: Top-20 crude steel producing companies, 2012
  • 73. World: Production of stainless steel by region, 2000 to 2013
  • 74. World: Top-10 stainless steel producing companies, 2013
  • 75. Specifications and applications of main grades of stainless steel
  • 76. World: Production of cast iron by country, 2005 to 2013
  • 77. World: Production of cast iron by type, 1992 to 2013
  • 78. Chemical specifications for cast iron
  • 79. World: Production of primary magnesium by country, 2003 to 2013
  • 80. International trade in silicon and ferrosilicon, 2008 to 2013
  • 81. Reporting countries: Exports of silicon metal (Si content less than 99.99%), 2008 to 2013
  • 82. Reporting countries: Exports of silicon metal (Si content less than 99.99%), by country of destination, 2013
  • 83. Reporting countries: Imports of silicon metal (Si content less than 99.99%), 2008 to 2013
  • 84. Reporting countries: Imports of silicon (Si content less than 99.99%) by country of origin, 2013
  • 85. Reporting countries: Exports of high purity silicon (Si content more than 99.99%) by country, 2008 to 2013
  • 86. Reporting countries: Exports of high purity silicon (Si content more than 99.99%) by destination 2013
  • 87. Reporting countries: Imports of high purity silicon (Si content more than 99.99%) by country of origin, 2008 to 2013
  • 88. Reporting countries: Imports of high-purity silicon (Si content more than 99.99%) by country of origin, 2013
  • 89. Reporting countries: Exports of ferrosilicon containing more than 55% Si, 2008 to 2013
  • 90. Reporting countries: Exports of ferrosilicon containing more than 55% Si by country of destination, 2013
  • 91. Reporting countries: Imports of ferrosilicon containing more than 55% Si, 2008 to 2013
  • 92. Reporting countries: Imports of ferrosilicon containing more than 55% Si by country of origin, 2013
  • 93. Reporting countries: Exports of ferrosilicon containing less than 55% Si, 2008 to 2013
  • 94. Reporting countries: Exports of ferrosilicon containing less than 55% Si by country of destination, 2013
  • 95. Reporting countries: Imports of ferrosilicon containing less than 55% Si, 2008 to 2013
  • 96. Reporting countries: Imports of ferrosilicon containing less than 55% Si by country of origin, 2013
  • 97. Actual and forecast reported consumption of silicon metal by end-use, 2000 to 2019
  • 98. Actual and forecast silicon metal consumption in aluminium by end-use, 2013 to 2019
  • 99. Actual and forecast reported consumption of ferrosilicon by end-use, 2000 to 2019
  • 100. Actual and forecast crude steel production, 2000 to 2019
  • 101. Actual and forecast stainless steel production, 2000 to 2019
  • 102. World: Forecast consumption of magnesium by end-use, 2012 to 2017
  • 103. USA: Annual average silicon metal spot prices, 2000 to 2014
  • 104. Europe: Annual average silicon metal spot prices, 1999 to 2014
  • 105. China: Annual average silicon metal spot prices, 1999 to 2014
  • 106. USA: Annual average standard ferrosilicon spot prices, 2000 to 2014
  • 107. Europe: Annual average standard 75% ferrosilicon spot prices, 1999 to 2014
  • 108. China: Annual average standard 75% ferrosilicon spot prices, 1999 to 2014
  • 109. Actual and forecast silicon metal spot prices, 2000 to 2019
  • 110. Actual and forecast standard 75% ferrosilicon spot prices, 2000 to 2019

Figures Listing

  • 1. World: Silicon metal consumption by end-use, 2000 to 2019
  • 2. World: Silicon metal production by major country, 2000 to 2013
  • 3. World: Ferrosilicon consumption by end-use, 2000 to 2019
  • 4. World: Ferrosilicon production by major country, 2000 to 2013
  • 5. Silicon metal and ferrosilicon ex-plant cash production costs by component, global average, 2014
  • 6. Global average silicon metal and ferrosilicon ex-plant cash production costs, 2007 to 2014
  • 7. Average electricity tariffs for ferroalloy producers, 2006 to 2014
  • 8. Average spot prices for energy coal and charcoal, 2007 to 2014
  • 9. Spanish quartz export prices, monthly, 2007 to 2014
  • 10. Average spot prices for electrodes, 2007 to 2014
  • 11. Average spot prices for iron ore pellets, 2007 to 2014
  • 12. Exchange rate movements versus US$, 2006 to 2014
  • 13. Global ex-plant cash cost curve for silicon metal, 2014
  • 14. Silicon metal ex-plant cash costs by region and component, 2014
  • 15. Global ex-plant cash cost curve for ferrosilicon, 2014
  • 16. Ferrosilicon ex-plant cash costs by region and component, 2014
  • 17. World: Production of silicon metal and ferrosilicon, 2013
  • 18. World: Silicon metal production, 1985 to 2013
  • 19. World: Production of silicon metal, 2000 to 2013
  • 20. World excluding China: Production of silicon metal, 2000 to 2013
  • 21. World: Silicon metal production by principal country, 2013
  • 22. Top-20 global silicon metal producers by capacity, 2014
  • 23. World: Ferrosilicon production, 1985 to 2013
  • 24. World: Production of ferrosilicon, 2000 to 2013
  • 25. World excluding China: Production of ferrosilicon, 2000 to 2013
  • 26. World: Ferrosilicon production by principal country, 2013
  • 27. Top-20 global ferrosilicon producers by capacity, 2014
  • 28. China: Silicon metal production, 2000 to 2013
  • 29. China: Ferrosilicon production, 2000 to 2013
  • 30. China: Silicon metal exports (Si<99.99%), 2000 to 2013
  • 31. China: Silicon metal exports (Si<99.99%) by destination, 2013
  • 32. China: Ferrosilicon exports, 2000 to 2013
  • 33. China: Ferrosilicon exports by destination, 2013
  • 34. China: Silicon metal production by province, 2013
  • 35. China: Average electricity tariffs by province, 2013
  • 36. China: Silicon metal capacity by furnace size, 2013
  • 37. China: Ferrosilicon production by province, 2013
  • 38. World: Silicon metal reported consumption by end-use, 2013
  • 39. World: Silicon metal reported consumption by end-use, 2000 to 2013
  • 40. World: Apparent consumption of silicon metal by region compared with reported consumption, 2000 to 2013
  • 41. World: Ferrosilicon reported consumption by end-use, 2013
  • 42. World: Ferrosilicon reported consumption by end-use, 2000 to 2013
  • 43. World: Apparent consumption of ferrosilicon by region versus reported consumption, 2000 to 2013
  • 44. Global silicon metal consumption in aluminium, 2000 to 2013
  • 45. World: Production of aluminium1, 2004 to 2013
  • 46. Reporting countries: Production of cast aluminium by principal country, 2000 to 2013
  • 47. World: Estimated division of aluminium consumption by region and end-use, 2013
  • 48. North America: Aluminium consumption, percentage share by end-use, 1960 to 2013
  • 49. World: Aluminium shipments by product type and end-use, 2013
  • 50. World: Estimated division of silicon metal consumption in aluminium alloys by end-use, 2013
  • 51. North America: Aluminium consumption in motor vehicles
  • 52. World: Production of passenger cars and light commercial vehicles by major region, 2000 to 2013
  • 53. Average aluminium content of cars produced in Europe, 1990 to 2020
  • 54. Global silicon metal consumption in silicones, 2000 to 2013
  • 55. USA: silicone consumption by product, 2014
  • 56. World: Silicone consumption by end-use
  • 57. World: Silicone market share by major supplier
  • 58. Global silicon metal consumption in polysilicon, 2000 to 2013
  • 59. Comparison of silicon metal and polysilicon spot prices, January 2010 to March 2014
  • 60. Polysilicon: Capacity by country and global production, 2005 to 2013
  • 61. World: Polysilicon market share by major supplier
  • 62. World: Production of solar cells by type, 2007 to 2013
  • 63. Global ferrosilicon consumption in steel, 2000 to 2013
  • 64. World: Silicon units contained within global steel output by source, 2013
  • 65. Europe: Price of SiMn versus price of equivalent amount of FeSi and HC FeMn, 2000 to 2013
  • 66. Discount for SiMn price relative to price of an equivalent amount of FeSi and HC FeMn, 2000 to 2013
  • 67. World: Crude steel output by product group, 2013
  • 68. Global ferrosilicon consumption in steel by steel product group, 2013
  • 69. World: Production of crude steel and year-on-year changes, 1981 to 2013
  • 70. World: Production of crude steel by region, 2000 to 2013
  • 71. World: Steel output by product group
  • 72. World: Steel consumption by end-use sector
  • 73. World: Production of stainless steel by region, 2000 to 2013
  • 74. World: Stainless steel output by series, 2012
  • 75. World: Consumption of stainless steel by application
  • 76. World: Production of electrical steel by region, 2000 to 2013
  • 77. Global ferrosilicon consumption in cast iron, 2000 to 2013
  • 78. World: Approximate division of production of cast irons by major country
  • 79. Share of global cast iron production by type, 1992 to 2012
  • 80. Global ferrosilicon consumption in magnesium, 2000 to 2013
  • 81. World: Production of primary magnesium by country
  • 82. World: Estimated division of magnesium consumption by application
  • 83. Exports of silicon metal (Si content less than 99.99%) by principal countries, 2008 to 2013
  • 84. World exports of silicon metal (Si content less than 99.99%) by principal country, 2013
  • 85. Imports of silicon metal (Si content less than 99.99%) by principal countries, 2008 to 2013
  • 86. Imports of silicon metal (Si content less than 99.99%) by principal country, 2013
  • 87. Exports of high-purity silicon (Si content more than 99.99%) by principal countries, 2008 to 2013
  • 88. Exports of high-purity silicon (Si content more than 99.99%) by principal country, 2013
  • 89. Imports of high-purity silicon (Si content more than 99.99%) by principal countries, 2008 to 2013
  • 90. Imports of high-purity silicon (Si content more than 99.99%) by principal country, 2013
  • 91. Exports of ferrosilicon containing more than 55% Si by principal country, 2008 to 2013
  • 92. Exports of ferrosilicon containing more than 55% Si by principal country, 2013
  • 93. Imports of ferrosilicon containing more than 55% Si by principal country, 2008 to 2013
  • 94. Imports of ferrosilicon containing more than 55% Si by principal country, 2013
  • 95. Exports of ferrosilicon containing less than 55% Si by principal countries, 2008 to 2013
  • 96. Exports of ferrosilicon containing less than 55% Si by principal countries, 2013
  • 97. Imports of ferrosilicon containing less than 55% Si by principal country, 2008 to 2013
  • 98. Imports of ferrosilicon containing less than 55% Si by principal country, 2013
  • 99. Year-on-year change in world aluminium production and silicon metal consumption in aluminium, 2005 to 2013
  • 100. Estimated percentage of silicon consumption in aluminium deriving from scrap, 2004 to 2013
  • 101. Average aluminium content of cars produced in Europe, 1990 to 2020
  • 102. Permissible CO2 emissions from passenger cars, g CO2 per km, 2000 to 2025
  • 103. Actual and forecast global silicone revenues, 2012 versus 2017
  • 104. World: Actual and forecast new photovoltaic solar installations per year, 2000 to 2017
  • 105. World: Potential future capacity and demand for primary magnesium metal, 2012 to 2017
  • 106. Ratio of silicon metal prices to ferrosilicon prices, 1995 to 2014
  • 107. Comparison of silicon metal1 and polysilicon spot prices, January 2010 to March 2014
  • 108. USA: Average prices for silicon metal, nominal and real terms, 1977 to 2014
  • 109. Monthly average spot prices for silicon metal, 2008 to 2014
  • 110. Average silicon metal prices, 2013
  • 111. Silicon metal prices and average production costs, 2007 to 2014
  • 112. USA: Average prices for standard 75% ferrosilicon, nominal and real terms, 1977 to 2014
  • 113. Monthly average spot prices for standard 75% ferrosilicon, 2008 to 2014
  • 114. Ferrosilicon prices and average production costs, 2007 to 2014
  • 115. Correlation of silicon metal and ferrosilicon spot prices with energy coal prices, 2000 to 2014
  • 116. Actual and future energy coal prices, 2011 to 2018
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