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Manganese: Global Industry Markets & Outlook, 12th edition 2012

Abstract

Overview

The on-going economic development in emerging markets, which has seen a large increase in steel production and consumption in recent years, will lead to manganese demand accelerating in the years to come. In particular, high grade manganese ores from Africa, Australia and South America will be required to feed the ferroalloy smelters of Asia, where ores are typically low-grade and unsuitable for production of good quality manganese ferroalloys.

While the future of the manganese industry will continue to depend on steel production, other applications are likely to see impressive growth. Increasing use of Li-ion and NiMh batteries for consumer, electric vehicle and storage battery applications will see manganese consumption in this area rise to approximately 60kt by 2020.

In response to rising demand, manganese production will increase in the coming years, having recovered from the market downturn in 2009. New capacity in traditional producing countries, such as South Africa, Australia and China will see output of manganese ore, ferroalloys and EMM rise in the coming years as new projects enter the market to meet growing requirements.

Although supply is expected to increase in the coming years, power restrictions and industry restructuring will add some upward pressure to prices. Manganese ore prices are expected to remain stable, with some occasional spikes. Ferromanganese prices are likely to increase slightly faster than silicomanganese, reflecting faster expansion of the flat steel products market. Reflecting these conditions, manganese prices could be 20-30% higher in five years time from end-2011 levels.

This report gives you a full analysis of the key trends, issues and developments in the market, a clear insight into all areas of the industry and an authoritative analysis of its prospects.

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Table of Contents

1. Summary

  • 1.1 Production and new projects
  • 1.2 Consumption
  • 1.3 Prices

2. History, properties, occurrence and resources of manganese

  • 2.1 History
  • 2.2 Properties of manganese
  • 2.3 Occurrence of manganese
    • 2.3.1 Manganese minerals
    • 2.3.2 Types of manganese deposits
  • 2.4 Global manganese resources
    • 2.4.1 Ocean nodules

3. Mining, processing and refining of manganese

  • 3.1 Manganese ore mining
  • 3.2 Manganese ore processing
    • 3.2.1 Manganese ore production costs
  • 3.3 Manganese smelting and refining
    • 3.3.1 Manganese ferroalloys
      • 3.3.1.1 High-carbon ferromanganese
      • 3.3.1.2 Medium-carbon and low-carbon (refined) ferromanganese
      • 3.3.1.3 Silicomanganese
      • 3.3.1.4 Manganese ferroalloy production costs
    • 3.3.2 Electrolytic manganese metal (EMM)
    • 3.3.3 Manganese dioxide
    • 3.3.4 Manganese chemicals
    • 3.3.5 Manganese recycling

4. Overview of world manganese production

  • 4.1 World mine production of manganese
    • 4.1.1 Production of manganese ore (gross weight)
    • 4.1.2 Production of manganese ore (manganese content)
    • 4.1.3 Manganese mining companies
  • 4.2 Production of manganese ferroalloys
    • 4.2.1 Producers of manganese ferroalloys
  • 4.3 Production of manganese metal
  • 4.4 Production of electrolytic manganese dioxide (EMD)
  • 4.5 New manganese mining, ferroalloy and EMM projects

5. Manganese mining and processing by country

  • 5.1 Argentina
  • 5.2 Australia
    • 5.2.1 Manganese resources
    • 5.2.2 Producers of manganese ore in Australia
      • 5.2.2.1 Groote Eylandt Mining Co. Pty. Ltd. (Gemco)
      • 5.2.2.2 Consolidated Minerals Ltd. (Consmin)
      • 5.2.2.3 OM Holdings Ltd. (OMH)
      • 5.2.2.4 Process Minerals International (PMI)
      • 5.2.2.5 Hancock Prospecting/PMI - Nicholas Downs
    • 5.2.3 Manganese exploration projects
      • 5.2.3.1 Ant Hill - Auvex Resources/Mesa Minerals
      • 5.2.3.2 Shaw River Manganese
      • 5.2.3.3 Spitfire Resources
      • 5.2.3.4 Jupiter Mines
      • 5.2.3.5 Montezuma Mining Company
      • 5.2.3.6 Other manganese exploration projects
    • 5.2.4 Manganese processing in Australia
      • 5.2.4.1 Tasmanian Electro-Metallurgical Co. Pty. Ltd. (Temco)
  • 5.3 Austria
  • 5.4 Bahrain
  • 5.5 Belgium
  • 5.6 Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • 5.7 Brazil
    • 5.7.1 Resources
    • 5.7.2 Producers of manganese ore in Brazil
      • 5.7.2.1 Vale SA
      • 5.7.2.2 Mineracao Buritirama SA
      • 5.7.2.3 Ribeirao Manganese project
    • 5.7.3 Producers of manganese ferroalloys in Brazil
      • 5.7.3.1 Vale Manganes
      • 5.7.3.2 Other producers
  • 5.8 Bulgaria
    • 5.8.1 Euromangan AD
  • 5.9 Burkina Faso
  • 5.10 Canada
    • 5.10.1 Buchans Minerals
    • 5.10.2 Other manganese properties
  • 5.11 Chile
  • 5.12 China
    • 5.12.1 Resources
    • 5.12.2 Mining
      • 5.12.2.1 CITIC Dameng Mining Industries
      • 5.12.2.2 Hubei Changyang Hongxin Industry Group
      • 5.12.2.3 Yunnan Wenshan Dounan Manganese
    • 5.12.3 Production of manganese ferroalloys
    • 5.12.4 Production of manganese metal
    • 5.12.5 Production of manganese dioxide
  • 5.13 Congo
  • 5.14 Costa Rica
  • 5.15 Egypt
  • 5.16 France
    • 5.16.1 Eramet Comilog Manganese
    • 5.16.2 Vale Manganese France
  • 5.17 Gabon
    • 5.17.1.1 Compagnie Miniere de l'Ogooue (Comilog)
    • 5.17.1.2 Manganese exploration projects
  • 5.18 Georgia
    • 5.18.1 Georgian Manganese LLC
  • 5.19 Germany
  • 5.20 Ghana
    • 5.20.1 Ghana Manganese Company
    • 5.20.2 Shaw River Manganese - Butre Project
  • 5.21 Greece
  • 5.22 Guyana
  • 5.23 Hungary
  • 5.24 India
    • 5.24.1 Resources
    • 5.24.2 Mine production
      • 5.24.2.1 MOIL
      • 5.24.2.2 Tata Iron & Steel
      • 5.24.2.3 Sandur Manganese and Iron Ore Ltd. (Sandur)
      • 5.24.2.4 Mangilall Rungta
      • 5.24.2.5 Orissa Mining Corp
      • 5.24.2.6 Orissa Manganese & Minerals
    • 5.24.3 Producers of manganese ferroalloys in India
      • 5.24.3.1 Amit Ferro-Alloys & Steels
      • 5.24.3.2 Baheti Metals and Ferroalloys Ltd.
      • 5.24.3.3 Balasore Alloys
      • 5.24.3.4 BMA Group
      • 5.24.3.5 Chhattisgarh Electricity Co. Ltd.
      • 5.24.3.6 Corporate Ispat Alloys Limited (CIAL)
      • 5.24.3.7 Ferroalloys Corp. (Facor)
      • 5.24.3.8 Hira Ferro Alloys Ltd.
      • 5.24.3.9 Jindal Group
      • 5.24.3.10 Karthik Alloys Ltd.
      • 5.24.3.11 Maharashtra Elektrosmelt Ltd. (MEL)
      • 5.24.3.12 MOIL
      • 5.24.3.13 Nav Bharat Ventures Ltd. (NBV)
      • 5.24.3.14 Rohit Ferro Tech
      • 5.24.3.15 Sandur Manganese and Iron Ore Ltd.
      • 5.24.3.16 Shree Ganesh Metalloy
      • 5.24.3.17 Sova Ispat Group
      • 5.24.3.18 Srinivasa Ferroalloys Ltd.
      • 5.24.3.19 Tanushree Inspat
      • 5.24.3.20 Tata Iron & Steel
      • 5.24.3.21 Universal Ferro and Allied Chemicals Ltd.
  • 5.25 Indonesia
  • 5.26 Iran
    • 5.26.1 Iran Manganese Mines
    • 5.26.2 Manganese ferroalloy production
  • 5.27 Italy
  • 5.28 Ivory Coast
  • 5.29 Japan
    • 5.29.1 Producers of manganese ferroalloys in Japan
      • 5.29.1.1 Chuo Denki Kogyo Co. Ltd.
      • 5.29.1.2 Kobe Steel
      • 5.29.1.3 Mizushima Ferroalloy Co. Ltd.
      • 5.29.1.4 Nippon Denko
    • 5.29.2 EMD production
  • 5.30 Kazakhstan
    • 5.30.1 Mining
      • 5.30.1.1 Eurasian Natural Resources Corp (ENRC)
      • 5.30.1.2 JSC Atasuruda
      • 5.30.1.3 Alash
    • 5.30.2 Production of manganese ferroalloys
      • 5.30.2.1 Aksu ferroalloy plant
      • 5.30.2.2 Temirtau Electrometallurgical Complex
      • 5.30.2.3 Taraz Metallurgical Plant
      • 5.30.2.4 ThyssenKrupp/Electro Manganese
  • 5.31 South Korea
    • 5.31.1 Dongbu Metal Co
    • 5.31.2 Samjung P&A
    • 5.31.3 Simpac Metalloy
  • 5.32 Macedonia
  • 5.33 Malaysia
  • 5.34 Mexico
    • 5.34.1 Minera Autlan
    • 5.34.2 Eramet Mexico
    • 5.34.3 Potential mine production
  • 5.35 Morocco
  • 5.36 Myanmar
  • 5.37 Namibia
    • 5.37.1 Purity Manganese
    • 5.37.2 Shaw River - Otjozondu Manganese Project
  • 5.38 Norway
    • 5.38.1 Producers of manganese ferroalloys in Norway
      • 5.38.1.1 Eramet A/S
      • 5.38.1.2 Vale Manganese Norway AS
  • 5.39 Paraguay
  • 5.40 Peru
  • 5.41 Poland
    • 5.41.1 Producers of manganese ferroalloys in Poland
      • 5.41.1.1 HutaLaziska
      • 5.41.1.2 Stalmag
  • 5.42 Romania
  • 5.43 Russia
    • 5.43.1 Siberian Metallurgical Company
    • 5.43.2 Other manganese mining projects
    • 5.43.3 Producers of manganese ferroalloys
  • 5.44 Saudi Arabia
  • 5.45 Slovakia
    • 5.45.1 Oravske Ferozliatinarske Zavody (OFZ)
  • 5.46 South Africa
    • 5.46.1 Manganese resources
    • 5.46.2 Production
      • 5.46.2.1 Assmang Ltd.
      • 5.46.2.2 Samancor Manganese
      • 5.46.2.3 Transalloys
      • 5.46.2.4 Mogale Alloys
      • 5.46.2.5 United Manganese of Kalahari (UMK)
      • 5.46.2.6 Kalagadi Manganese
      • 5.46.2.7 Tshipi Manganese Mining
      • 5.46.2.8 Other
    • 5.46.3 Producers of manganese metal and chemicals
  • 5.47 Spain
    • 5.47.1.1 FerroAtlantica SA
  • 5.48 Turkey
  • 5.49 Ukraine
    • 5.49.1 Privat Group
      • 5.49.1.1 Mining
      • 5.49.1.2 Manganese ferroalloys
    • 5.49.2 Past producers of ore and ferroalloys
  • 5.50 USA
    • 5.50.1 Mining
    • 5.50.2 Producers of manganese ferroalloys in the USA
      • 5.50.2.1 Eramet Marietta
      • 5.50.2.2 Felman Production Inc.
      • 5.50.2.3 Bateman Mineral Recovery
    • 5.50.3 EMD producers
      • 5.50.3.1 Erachem Comilog
      • 5.50.3.2 Eveready Battery Co.
      • 5.50.3.3 Tronox Inc.
    • 5.50.4 National Defense Stockpile
  • 5.51 Venezuela
  • 5.52 Vietnam
  • 5.53 Zambia

6. Overview of world manganese consumption

  • 6.1 Consumption of manganese ore
    • 6.1.1 Consumption of manganese ore by product
  • 6.2 Consumption of manganese ferroalloys
    • 6.2.1 Consumption of manganese ferroalloys by use
  • 6.3 Consumption of manganese metal (EMM)
    • 6.3.1 Consumption of electrolytic manganese metal by use

7. Uses of manganese

  • 7.1 Use of manganese in iron and steel production
    • 7.1.1 Use of manganese in pig iron production
      • 7.1.1.1 Pig iron production
    • 7.1.2 Use of manganese in crude steel
      • 7.1.2.1 Manganese ferroalloys used
      • 7.1.2.2 Steelmaking processes
    • 7.1.3 Crude steel production
    • 7.1.4 Carbon steels
      • 7.1.4.1 Transportation markets
      • 7.1.4.2 Construction markets
      • 7.1.4.3 Other markets for carbon steels
    • 7.1.5 Alloy engineering steels
      • 7.1.5.1 Full alloy steels
      • 7.1.5.2 HSLA steels
    • 7.1.6 Tool and high speed steels
      • 7.1.6.1 Hot-work tool/die and valve steels
      • 7.1.6.2 Cold-work tool steels
      • 7.1.6.3 Carbon tool steels
    • 7.1.7 Stainless steel
      • 7.1.7.1 Types of stainless steel
      • 7.1.7.2 Uses of stainless steel
      • 7.1.7.3 Production of stainless steel
    • 7.1.8 Use of manganese in cast iron
      • 7.1.8.1 Production of cast irons
      • 7.1.8.2 Metallurgy and applications of cast irons
  • 7.2 Use of manganese in non-ferrous alloys
    • 7.2.1 Aluminium alloys
    • 7.2.2 Copper alloys
      • 7.2.2.1 Other non-ferrous alloys
    • 7.2.3 Superalloys
    • 7.2.4 Other non-steel alloys
  • 7.3 Use of manganese in batteries
    • 7.3.1 Types of batteries
      • 7.3.1.1 Primary batteries
      • 7.3.1.2 Secondary (rechargeable) batteries
    • 7.3.2 Production of batteries
  • 7.4 Other uses for manganese
    • 7.4.1 Colourants and pigments
      • 7.4.1.1 Bricks and tiles
      • 7.4.1.2 Frits
      • 7.4.1.3 Glazes
      • 7.4.1.4 Glass
      • 7.4.1.5 Pigments
      • 7.4.1.6 Tumbling media
    • 7.4.2 Ferrites
    • 7.4.3 Welding fluxes
    • 7.4.4 Agriculture
      • 7.4.4.1 Animal feeds
      • 7.4.4.2 Fertilisers
    • 7.4.5 Water treatment
      • 7.4.5.1 Manganese ore
      • 7.4.5.2 Potassium permanganate
    • 7.4.6 Hydrometallurgy
      • 7.4.6.1 Zinc processing
      • 7.4.6.2 Uranium processing
      • 7.4.6.3 Other uses
    • 7.4.7 Fuel additives
    • 7.4.8 Oxidising agents
    • 7.4.9 Odour control
    • 7.4.10 Catalysts
    • 7.4.11 Sealants
    • 7.4.12 Metal coating
    • 7.4.13 Circuit boards
    • 7.4.14 Sulphur dioxide removal
    • 7.4.15 Hydroquinone production
    • 7.4.16 Other minor uses

8. Outlook for manganese demand to 2016

  • 8.1 Outlook for manganese demand in iron and steel
    • 8.1.1 Outlook for manganese demand in stainless steel
  • 8.2 Outlook for manganese demand in non-ferrous alloys
  • 8.3 Outlook for manganese demand in batteries

9. Analysis of manganese international trade data

  • 9.1 International trade in manganese ore
    • 9.1.1 Exports
  • 9.2 Imports
  • 9.3 International trade in silicomanganese
    • 9.3.1 Exports
    • 9.3.2 Imports
  • 9.4 International trade in high carbon ferromanganese
    • 9.4.1 Exports
    • 9.4.2 Imports
  • 9.5 International trade in refined ferromanganese
    • 9.5.1 Exports
    • 9.5.2 Imports
  • 9.6 International trade in manganese metal
    • 9.6.1 Exports
    • 9.6.2 Imports
  • 9.7 International trade in manganese dioxide
    • 9.7.1 Exports
    • 9.7.2 Imports

10. Manganese marketing and prices

  • 10.1 Prices of manganese ore and concentrates
  • 10.2 Prices of manganese ferroalloys
  • 10.3 Prices of manganese metal
  • 10.4 Prices of manganese dioxide
  • 10.5 Outlook for prices of manganese

List of Tables

  • Table 1: Physical properties of manganese
  • Table 2: Principal manganese minerals
  • Table 3: Composition of ocean-floor manganese nodules by ocean
  • Table 4: World: Estimated manganese reserves and reserve base
  • Table 5: Principal producing countries: Typical head grades of manganese ore
  • Table 6: Selected manganese ore grades produced by Vale in Brazil
  • Table 7: Selected mines: Operating costs, 2006 to 2011
  • Table 8: ASTM specifications for manganese ferroalloys
  • Table 9: Costs of ore and power in the production of manganese ferroalloys, 2011
  • Table 10: Selected manganese chemicals: Formulae, manganese content and main markets 23
  • Table 11: World: Comparison of annual growth rates in crude steel and manganese mine production, 1995 to 2010
  • Table 12: World: Production of manganese ore by country, 2002 to 2011
  • Table 13: World: Estimated mine production of manganese by country, 2002 to 2011
  • Table 14: World: Mine production of manganese by principal countries, 2002 to 201
  • Table 15: World: Principal producers of manganese ore and concentrates, December 2010
  • Table 16: World: Production of manganese ferroalloys, 2003 to 2010
  • Table 17: World: Production of manganese ferroalloys by country, 2002 to 2011
  • Table 18: World: Production of ferromanganese by country, 2005 to 2010
  • Table 19: World: Production of silicomanganese by country, 2005 to 2010
  • Table 20: World: Principal producers of manganese ferroalloys, 2011
  • Table 21: World: Principal producers of EMD, 2010
  • Table 22: World: New manganese mining, ferroalloy and EMM projects, 2011
  • Table 23: Argentina: Supply and disposal of manganese products, 2005 to 2011
  • Table 24: Australia: Supply and disposal of manganese products, 2005 to 2011
  • Table 25: Australia: Reported manganese resources, end 2010
  • Table 26: Australia: Production of manganese ore and concentrates by company, 2006 to 2011
  • Table 27: Gemco: Manganese reserves and resources at the Groote Eylandt manganese mine, June 30th 2011
  • Table 28: Gemco: Grades of manganese ore and concentrates produced
  • Table 29: OM Holdings: Mine production of manganese at Bootu Creek Mine, 2006 to 2011
  • Table 30: Austria: Supply and disposal of manganese products, 2005 to 2011
  • Table 31: Bahrain: Inferred exports of manganese ferroalloys, 2009 and 2010
  • Table 32: Belgium: Supply and disposal of manganese products, 2005 to 2011
  • Table 33: Brazil: Supply and disposal of manganese products, 2005 to 2011
  • Table 34: Brazil: Manganese resources by state, 2005
  • Table 35: Brazil: Vale: Production of manganese ore by mine, 2005 to 2011
  • Table 36:Vale: Manganese ore reserves in Brazil, 2010
  • Table 37: Brazil: Vale: Specifications of metallurgical manganese ore and concentrates
  • Table 38: Brazil: Mineracao Buritirama: Production of manganese ore, 2004 to 2010
  • Table 39: Bulgaria: Supply and disposal of manganese products, 2005 to 2011
  • Table 40: Canada: Supply and disposal of manganese products, 2005 to 2011
  • Table 41: Chile: Production of manganese ore and manganese ferroalloys, 2000 to 2009
  • Table 42: China: Supply and disposal of manganese products, 2005 to 2011
  • Table 43: China: Principal (+200ktpy ore capacity) manganese mining operations, 2010
  • Table 44: China: Principal (+150ktpy capacity) manganese ferroalloy producing companies, 2010
  • Table 45: China: Biggest exporters of manganese metal, Jan to June 2011
  • Table 46: China: EMM production by principal companies, 2008
  • Table 47: France: Supply and disposal of manganese products, 2005 to 2011
  • Table 48: Eramet: Worldwide production of manganese ferroalloys, 2004 to 2010
  • Table 49: France: Vale Manganese France : Production of manganese ferroalloys, 2005 to 2010
  • Table 50: Gabon: Manganese mine production and inferred exports, 2005 to 2011
  • Table 51: Georgia: Production and inferred exports of manganese products, 2005 to 2011
  • Table 52: Germany: Supply and disposal of manganese products, 2005 to 2011
  • Table 53: Ghana: Production and inferred exports of manganese ore, 2005 to 2011
  • Table 54: India: Supply and disposal of manganese products, 2005 to 2011
  • Table 55: India: Resources of manganese ore by grade and state, 2005
  • Table 56: India: Production of manganese ore by state and Mn content, 2008/9
  • Table 57: India: Estimated production of manganese ore by company, 2010/11
  • Table 58: India: MOIL: Production of manganese materials, 1999/00 to 2010/11
  • Table 59: MOIL: Manganese mines and reserves, 2007
  • Table 60: India: Principal producers of manganese ferroalloys
  • Table 61: India: Tata Iron & Steel: Production of manganese ferroalloys, 2004/05 to 2010/11
  • Table 62: Italy: Supply and disposal of manganese products, 2005 to 2011
  • Table 63: Japan: Supply and disposal of manganese products, 2005 to 2011
  • Table 64: Japan: Nominal capacity of manganese ferroalloy producers
  • Table 65: Kazakhstan: Supply and disposal of manganese products, 2005 to 2011
  • Table 66: Kazakhstan: ENRC: Production and sales of manganese concentrates and ferroalloys, 2007 to 2011
  • Table 67: Kazakhstan: Production of silicomanganese by company, 2010 and 2011
  • Table 68: South Korea: Supply and disposal of manganese products, 2005 to 2011
  • Table 69: Macedonia: Inferred exports of silicomanganese, 2005 to 2011
  • Table 70: Mexico: Supply and disposal of manganese products, 2005 to 2011
  • Table 71: Myanmar: Inferred exports of manganese ore, 2005 to 2011
  • Table 72: Norway: Supply and disposal of manganese products, 2005 to 2011
  • Table 73: Norway: Estimated production of manganese ferroalloys by company, 2005 to 2010
  • Table 74: Poland: Supply and disposal of manganese products, 2005 to 2011
  • Table 75: Romania: Supply and disposal of manganese products, 2005 to 2011
  • Table 76: Russia: Supply and disposal of manganese products, 2005 to 2011
  • Table 77: Russia: Production of manganese ferroalloys by company, 2008 to 2011
  • Table 78: Slovakia: Supply and disposal of manganese products, 2005 to 2011
  • Table 79: Slovakia: OFZ: Production of manganese ferroalloys, 2003 to 2009
  • Table 80: South Africa: Supply and disposal of manganese products, 2005 to 2011
  • Table 81: South Africa: Manganese resources held by major mining and exploration companies, 2010
  • Table 82: South Africa: Production of manganese ore and ferroalloys by company, 2003 to 2011 (kt; years ending June 30th)
  • Table 83: Assmang: Summary of manganese reserves, 2011
  • Table 84: Assmang: Specification of manganese ores
  • Table 85: Samancor Manganese: Summary of manganese reserves and resources (at 30th June 2011)
  • Table 86: Spain: Supply and disposal of manganese products, 2005 to 2011
  • Table 87: Ukraine: Supply and disposal of manganese products, 2005 to 2011
  • Table 88: Ukraine: Privat Group: Production of manganese ferroalloys by plant, 2008 to 2011
  • Table 89: USA: Supply and disposal of manganese products, 2005 to 2011
  • Table 90: Venezuela: Supply and disposal of manganese products, 2005 to 2011
  • Table 91: World: Apparent consumption of manganese ore by country, 2005 to 2011
  • Table 92: World: Apparent consumption of manganese ferroalloys, 2005 to 2011
  • Table 93: Brazil: Consumption of manganese ferroalloys by type in steel production, 2005 to 2010
  • Table 94: USA: Reported use of manganese ferroalloys by type of alloy, 2008 and 2009
  • Table 95: World: Apparent consumption of electrolytic manganese metal, 2005 to 2010
  • Table 96: USA: Reported consumption of EMM by use, 2007 to 2009
  • Table 97: World: Estimated use of manganese, manganese ferroalloys and manganese ore in steel, 1995 to 2011
  • Table 98: World: Estimated use of manganese in crude steel by region, 2001 to 2011
  • Table 99: Typical manganese content of selected carbon and alloy steels
  • Table 100: World: Production of pig iron by region, 2001 to 2010
  • Table 101: World: Crude steel production by region, 2001 to 2011
  • Table 102: World: Average annual periodic growth rates of crude steel production by region, 1980 to 2011
  • Table 103: Crude steel production by principal steelmakers, 2009 and 2010
  • Table 104: World: Production of passenger vehicles, 2001 to 2010
  • Table 105: World: Production of light commercial vehicles by country, 2001 to 2010
  • Table 106: Typical compositions of full alloy steels
  • Table 107: Compositions of air cooled microalloy forging steels
  • Table 108: Alloying additions and properties of selected ASTM grades of HSLA steel
  • Table 109: SAE grades for HSLA steel
  • Table 110: Selected countries: Production of tool and high speed steel, 2000 to 2007
  • Table 111: Selected high-speed steels
  • Table 112: Selected manganese-bearing hot-work die steels
  • Table 113: Selected manganese-bearing cold work tool and die steels
  • Table 114: World: Production of stainless steel by region, 2001 to 2011
  • Table 115: World: Production of cast irons by type, 1992 to 2009
  • Table 116: World: Production of cast iron by country, 2001 to 2009
  • Table 117: Compositions for typical cast irons
  • Table 118: Compositions of selected superalloys and high-performance alloys containing manganese
  • Table 119: Specifications and typical analysis of NMD, EMD and CMD
  • Table 120: Japan: Sales of batteries by type, 1990 to 2010
  • Table 121: World: Principle producers of EMD
  • Table 122: World: Forecast manganese demand by sector and region, 2011 to 2016
  • Table 123: World: Forecast use of manganese in crude steel, 2010 to 2012
  • Table 124: World: Forecast crude steel production, 2011-2016 (000t)
  • Table 125: World: Forecast demand for manganese in iron and steel by region, 2011 and 2016
  • Table 126: Japan: Forecast of shipments of primary and small secondary batteries, 2011 to 2013
  • Table 127: World: Forecast of manganese demand for use in batteries by region, 2011 to 2016
  • Table 128: World: Reported international trade in manganese products, 2005 to 2011
  • Table 129: Reporting countries: Exports of manganese ore by country of destination, 2010
  • Table 130: Reporting countries: Exports of manganese ore by country, 2005 to 2011
  • Table 131: Reporting countries: Imports of manganese ore by country, 2005 to 2011
  • Table 132: Reporting countries: Imports of manganese ore by country of origin, 2010
  • Table 133: Reporting countries: Exports of silicomanganese by country, 2005 to 2011
  • Table 134: Reporting countries: Exports of silicomanganese by country of destination, 2010
  • Table 135: Reporting countries: Imports of silicomanganese by country, 2005 to 2011
  • Table 136: Reporting countries: Imports of silicomanganese by country of origin, 2010
  • Table 137: Reporting countries: Exports of high carbon ferromanganese by country, 2005 to 2011
  • Table 138: Reporting countries: Exports of high carbon ferromanganese by country of destination, 2010
  • Table 139: Reporting countries: Imports of high carbon ferromanganese by country, 2010
  • Table 140: Reporting countries: Imports of high carbon ferromanganese by country of origin, 2010
  • Table 141: Reporting countries: Exports of refined ferromanganese by country, 2005 to 2011
  • Table 142: Reporting countries: Exports of refined ferromanganese by country of destination, 2010
  • Table 143: Reporting countries: Imports of refined ferromanganese by country, 2005 to 2011
  • Table 144: Reporting countries: Imports of refined ferromanganese by country or origin, 2010
  • Table 145: Reporting countries: Exports of manganese metal by country, 2005 to 2011
  • Table 146: Reporting countries: Exports of manganese metal by country of destination, 2010
  • Table 147: Reporting countries: Imports of manganese metal by country, 2005 to 2011
  • Table 148: Reporting countries: Imports of manganese metal by country or origin, 2010
  • Table 149: Reporting countries: Exports of manganese dioxide by country, 2005 to 2011
  • Table 150: Reporting countries: Exports of manganese dioxide by country of destination, 2010
  • Table 151: Reporting countries: Imports of manganese dioxide by country, 2005 to 2011
  • Table 152: Reporting countries: Imports of manganese dioxide by country of origin, 2010
  • Table 153: Europe: Prices of metallurgical-grade manganese ore, 1980 to 2011
  • Table 154: Selected monthly manganese ore prices, 2010 to 2011
  • Table 155: Europe, Hong Kong & USA: Year-end prices of high carbon ferromanganese 2002 to 2011
  • Table 156: Europe, Hong Kong & USA: Year-end prices of silicomanganese, 2002 to 2011
  • Table 157: Europe, USA & Hong Kong: Monthly mean prices of ferromanganese and silicomanganese, 2007 to 2011
  • Table 158: Monthly prices of high carbon ferromanganese in selected locations, 2010 and 2011
  • Table 159: Monthly prices of silicomanganese in selected locations, 2010 and 2011
  • Table 160: World: Free market prices of manganese metal, 99.7%Mn, electrolytic flake, 1997 to 2011
  • Table 161: Selected countries: average value of imports and exports of manganese dioxide, 2005 to 2011
  • Table 162: Forecast prices for manganese ore, ferroalloys and metal, 2012 to 2016

List of Figures

  • Figure 1: World: Mine production of manganese and production of crude steel, 1995 to 2011
  • Figure 2: Forecast of manganese price indices by product, 2011 to 2016
  • Figure 3: World: Distribution of estimated manganese reserves by country, 2010
  • Figure 4: Selected mines: Cash operating costs, 2011
  • Figure 5: Selected mines: Cash operating costs, 2010
  • Figure 6: World: Mine production of manganese, 1995 to 2011
  • Figure 7: World: Mine production of manganese and production of crude steel, 1995 to 2011
  • Figure 8: World: Correlation between manganese mine production and crude steel production, 1995 to 2010
  • Figure 9: World: Comparison of growth rates in mine production of manganese and output of crude steel, 1995 to 2010
  • Figure 10: World: Comparison of trends in manganese production and GDP, 1995 to 2011
  • Figure 11: World: Production of manganese ore by principal countries, 2001 to 2011
  • Figure 12: World: Division of production of manganese ore by principal country, 2011
  • Figure 13: World: Production of manganese ore by principal countries, 2011 contained
  • Figure 14: World: Mine production of manganese by principal country, 2001 to 2011
  • Figure 15: World: Division of production of manganese ore by principal company, 2010
  • Figure 16: World: Production of manganese ferroalloys, 1995 to 2011
  • Figure 17: World: Production of manganese ferroalloys by principal countries, 2001 to 2011
  • Figure 18: World: Division of production of manganese ferroalloys by principal countries, 2011
  • Figure 19: Australia: Mine production of manganese, 2001 to 2011
  • Figure 20: Brazil: Manganese ore production and exports, 1995 to 2011
  • Figure 21: Brazil: Production of manganese ferroalloys, 1995 to 2011
  • Figure 22: China: Production and imports of manganese ore , 2001 to 2011
  • Figure 23: China: Manganese ferroalloy production and exports, and manganese metal exports, 2001 to 2011
  • Figure 24: World: Estimated apparent consumption of manganese ore by principal countries, 2011
  • Figure 25: World: Apparent consumption of manganese ore in China and the rest of the world, 2005 to 2011
  • Figure 26: World excluding China: Apparent consumption of manganese ore by principal countries, 2005 to 2011
  • Figure 27: World: Apparent consumption of manganese ore, 2000 to 2011
  • Figure 28: World: Estimated consumption of manganese ore by type of manganese product, 2010
  • Figure 29: World: Apparent consumption of manganese ferroalloys by principal countries, 2011
  • Figure 30: World: Apparent consumption of manganese ferroalloys in China and the rest of the world, 2000 to 2011
  • Figure 31: Apparent consumption of manganese ferroalloys in ten principal countries excluding China, 2005 to 2011
  • Figure 32: World: Apparent consumption of manganese ferroalloys, 2000 to 2011
  • Figure 33: Consumption of types of manganese ferroalloy by steelmaking process
  • Figure 34: USA: Division of manganese ferroalloy use by type of steel and other alloys, 2009
  • Figure 35: Principal countries excluding China: Apparent consumption of EMM, 2010
  • Figure 36: USA: Division of use of EMM by type of alloy, 2009
  • Figure 37: World: Estimated division of manganese consumption by major industry, 2010
  • Figure 38: World: Estimated use of manganese in crude steel by region, 2001 to 2011
  • Figure 39: World: Estimated consumption of manganese by type of steel, 2009
  • Figure 40: World: Production of pig iron by region, 2001 to 2010
  • Figure 41: World: Production of crude steel and year-on-year changes, 1981 to 2011
  • Figure 42: World: Crude steel production by region, 2001 to 2011
  • Figure 43: Division of world production of crude steel by region, 2011
  • Figure 44: Comparison of growth rates in crude steel production in principal regions, 2001-2011
  • Figure 45: World: Division of production of passenger cars and light commercial vehicles by region, 2010
  • Figure 46: World: Production of cars and light commercial vehicles by region, 2000 to 2010
  • Figure 47: World: Consumption of stainless steel by application, 2010
  • Figure 48: World: Production of stainless steel, and year-on-year change, 1992 to 2010
  • Figure 49: World: Production of stainless steel by region, 2001 to 2010
  • Figure 50: World: Approximate division of production of cast irons by major country, 2009
  • Figure 51: World: production of primary aluminium by principal countries, 2010
  • Figure 52: World: Estimated division of aluminium consumption by region and industry, 2010
  • Figure 53: Europe: Sales of batteries, 2009
  • Figure 54: Japan: Sales of secondary (rechargeable) batteries by type, 1990 to 2010
  • Figure 55: World: Division of lithium-ion battery production by major company, 2010
  • Figure 56: World: International trade in manganese products, 2005 to 2011
  • Figure 57: Exports of manganese ore by principal countries, 2005 to 2011
  • Figure 58: Division of exports of manganese ore by principal countries, 2011
  • Figure 59: Imports of manganese ore by principal countries, 2005 to 2011
  • Figure 60: Division of imports of manganese ore by principal countries, 2011
  • Figure 61: Exports of silicomanganese by principal countries, 2005 to 2011
  • Figure 62: Division of exports of silicomanganese by principal countries, 2011
  • Figure 63: Imports of silicomanganese by principal countries, 2005 to 2011
  • Figure 64: Division of imports of silicomanganese by principal countries, 2011
  • Figure 65: Exports of high carbon ferromanganese by principal countries, 2005 to 2011
  • Figure 66: Division of exports of high carbon ferromanganese by principal countries, 2011
  • Figure 67: Imports of high carbon ferromanganese by principal countries, 2005 to 2011
  • Figure 68: Division of imports of high carbon ferromanganese by principal countries, 2011
  • Figure 69: Exports of refined ferromanganese by principal countries, 2005 to 2011
  • Figure 70: Division of exports of refined ferromanganese by principal countries, 2011
  • Figure 71: Imports of refined ferromanganese by principal countries, 2005 to 2011
  • Figure 72: Division of imports of refined ferromanganese by principal countries, 2011
  • Figure 73: Exports of manganese metal by principal countries, 2005 to 2011
  • Figure 74: Division of exports of manganese metal by principal countries, 2011
  • Figure 75: Imports of manganese metal by principal countries, 2005 to 2011
  • Figure 76: Division of imports of manganese metal by principal countries, 2011
  • Figure 77: Exports of manganese dioxide by principal countries, 2005 to 2011
  • Figure 78: Division of exports of manganese dioxide by principal countries, 2011
  • Figure 79: Imports of manganese dioxide by principal countries, 2005 to 2011
  • Figure 80: Division of imports of manganese dioxide by principal countries, 2011
  • Figure 81: Mean monthly prices of manganese ore, 1980 to November 2011
  • Figure 82: Year-end price quotations for high carbon and medium carbon ferromanganese, and silicomanganese 1981 to 2011
  • Figure 83: USA: Monthly prices of imported ferromanganese and silicomanganese, 2007 to 2011
  • Figure 84: World: Prices of manganese metal, 99.7% Mn, electrolytic flake, 1985 to 2011
  • Figure 85: World: Monthly prices of manganese metal, 99.7% Mn electrolytic flake, 2007
  • Figure 86: Forecast of manganese price indices by product, 2011 to 2016
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