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Activated Carbon: Global Industry Markets and Outlook, 9th edition 2013

Regulatory uncertainty, trade tariffs, mergers and acquisitions, and raw material shortages have all been features of the market over the last five years in the activated carbon industry. This latest report from Roskill reviews these changes and examines their impact on the industry. One of the major drivers behind many of them is emerging North American demand for powdered activated carbon in mercury control applications, which grew at a dramatic 101% per year between 2007 and 2012, compared with an average overall growth rate for all applications of 13% per year.

Profiling over 150 activated carbon operations, including coal-based, coconut shell-based and wood-based production, Roskill's 350 page Global Industry and Market Outlook offers a comprehensive review of the whole activated carbon industry. From raw material sources through to developing end-use applications the report covers every aspect of the subject, examining trends and providing analysis to give decision makers clarity and an understanding of the market.

Liquid-phase end uses were still by far the largest application for activated carbon in 2012, accounting for an estimated 80% of total consumption. Gas-phase uses accounted for 20% of the world market in 2012 and their share of the market will increase to 2017. Water treatment was by far the largest individual market for activated carbon in 2012 and is the largest liquid-phase end-use.

It is interesting to note that the relative importance of each application for activated carbon varies significantly from country to country. Activated carbon is a bulky, highly adsorbent material that actually consists mainly of air and is relatively difficult to transport. Its indigenous, domestic uses, however, go back to ancient times. In 2012, gold recovery, for example, accounted for >65% of Australian demand for activated carbon but for only a negligible share of European consumption. Wine treatment accounts for a larger proportion of French demand for activated carbon than of Middle Eastern demand.

Activated carbon markets are entering a period of fast growth. The next four years could see world consumption almost double. Enough new production capacity should be in place by 2017 to meet new demand, but the potential exists for a shortage. Raw materials availability is a concern.

The main reason for the change is a piece of mercury control legislation, the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Mercury and Air Toxics Standard (MATS), which was signed on 16 December 2011 and is designed to reduce mercury, other metals and acid gas emissions from coal- and oil-fired power plants. Activated carbon injection systems are the dominant control technology to address mercury emissions in 2013. In October 2013, a new UN Treaty on mercury control will be signed that holds even greater potential for activated carbon consumption.

The corporate landscape is also shifting. Sixteen companies now account for almost two thirds of total activated carbon production capacity and just two countries account for the same proportion of world capacity.

During 2012 activated carbon prices achieved record highs. Roskill examines future supply and demand trends to see if those highs will continue.

China: Exports of act. carbon to Japan compared to
average value of exports, 1995 to 2012

Get accurate answers from independent experts

  • Will new production capacity be sufficient to meet the demand for activated carbon injection systems created by mercury control legislation?
  • What are the future implications of the new UN mercury control treaty negotiated in January 2013 for activated carbon markets?
  • Which companies are winning supply contracts from US power plants?
  • What are the other growing markets for activated carbon?

Table of Contents

1. Summary

2. Introduction, properties and specifications for activated carbon

  • 2.1. Introduction to activated carbon
  • 2.2. Properties of activated carbon
    • 2.2.1. Adsorption properties of activated carbon
    • 2.2.2. Other physical properties of activated carbon
    • 2.2.3. Impurities in activated carbon
    • 2.2.4. Packaging of activated carbon
  • 2.3. Specifications for activated carbon

3. Processing of activated carbon

  • 3.1. Raw materials for activated carbon production
    • 3.1.1. Coalbased activated carbon
      • 3.1.1.1. Coalbased activated carbon as a byproduct of mineral sands processing
    • 3.1.2. Woodbased activated carbon
    • 3.1.3. Coconut shellbased activated carbon
  • 3.2. Processing of activated carbon
    • 3.2.1. Steam activation of activated carbon
    • 3.2.2. Chemical activation of activated carbon
    • 3.2.3. Impregnation of activated carbon
    • 3.2.4. Catalytic activated carbon
    • 3.2.5. Activated carbon fibre
  • 3.3. Forms of activated carbon
    • 3.3.1. Powdered activated carbon
    • 3.3.2. Granular activated carbon
    • 3.3.3. Pelletised (extruded) activated carbon
    • 3.3.4. Activated carbon fibre
  • 3.4. Regeneration and reactivation of activated carbon
    • 3.4.1. Thermal reactivation process
    • 3.4.2. Steam regeneration process
    • 3.4.3. Chemical regeneration process
    • 3.4.4. New reactivation technologies

4. World production of activated carbon

  • 4.1. Production capacity for activated carbon by company
  • 4.2. Production of activated carbon by country
  • 4.3. Regeneration capacity for activated carbon by company
  • 4.4. Future trends in production of activated carbon

5. Review of activated carbon producing countries

  • 5.1. Argentina
  • 5.2. Australia
    • 5.2.1. Activated Carbon Technologies
    • 5.2.2. Pacific Edge Holdings
    • 5.2.3. The Environmental Group
    • 5.2.4. Tronox Ltd
  • 5.3. Austria
  • 5.4. Belgium
    • 5.4.1. Chemviron Carbon
    • 5.4.2. Desotec Activated Carbon
  • 5.5. Brazil
    • 5.5.1. Brascarbo Agroindustrial (Grupo Clarimex)
    • 5.5.2. Indústrias Químicas Carbomafra
  • 5.6. Canada
    • 5.6.1. A.C. Carbone Canada
    • 5.6.2. Cabot/Sherritt Coal
  • 5.7. China
    • 5.7.1. Production of activated carbon in China
    • 5.7.2. Producers of activated carbon in China
      • 5.7.2.1. Anshan Sinocarb Active Carbon Fibers
      • 5.7.2.2. Beijing Haijian Jiechang Environmental Protection Chemicals
      • 5.7.2.3. Beijing Pacific Activated Carbon
      • 5.7.2.4. Bluesky Purification Material
      • 5.7.2.5. Datong Carbon
      • 5.7.2.6. Datong Coal Mine Group
      • 5.7.2.7. Datong Fenghua Activated Carbon
      • 5.7.2.8. Datong Huibao Active Carbon
      • 5.7.2.9. Datong Municipal Yunguang Activated Carbon
      • 5.7.2.10. Datong Weidu Activated Carbon Plant
      • 5.7.2.11. Fujian Yuanli Activated Carbon Industries
      • 5.7.2.12. Fuzhou Yihuan Carbon
      • 5.7.2.13. Hangzhou Xingyu Carbon (formerly Hengxing Activated Carbon)
      • 5.7.2.14. Huairen Huanyi Purification Materials
      • 5.7.2.15. Huaiyushan Activated Carbon Group
      • 5.7.2.16. Ebian Huatai Activated Carbon
      • 5.7.2.17. Huaxin Activated Carbon Plant
      • 5.7.2.18. Fujian Zhixing Activated Carbon
      • 5.7.2.19. JingMao Activated Carbon
      • 5.7.2.20. Zhejiang Xingdia Chemical
      • 5.7.2.21. Kaihua Xinghua Chemical Plant
      • 5.7.2.22. Kuraray Chemical Environmental Industry
      • 5.7.2.23. Longyan Wanan Activated Carbon and Longyan Ronghua Carbon
      • 5.7.2.24. Mindong Lianyi Group
      • 5.7.2.25. Nantong Sutong Carbon Fibre
      • 5.7.2.26. Ningxia BlueWhiteBlack Activated Carbon
      • 5.7.2.27. Ningxia Fengyuan Activated Carbon
      • 5.7.2.28. Ningxia GuanghuaCherishment Activated Carbon
      • 5.7.2.29. Ningxia Henghui Activated Carbon
      • 5.7.2.30. Ningxia Huahui Activated Carbon
      • 5.7.2.31. Ningxia Taixi Activated Carbon
      • 5.7.2.32. Ningxia Xingsheng Coal and Activated Carbon
      • 5.7.2.33. Shanghai Mebao Activated Carbon
      • 5.7.2.34. Shanghai Xingchang Activated Carbon
      • 5.7.2.35. Shanxi Xinhua Chemical
      • 5.7.2.36. Shanxi Zuoyun Yunpeng Coal Chemistry
      • 5.7.2.37. Shenhua Ningxia Coal Industry Group
      • 5.7.2.38. Taining Jinhu Carbon
      • 5.7.2.39. Tianchang (Tianjin) Activated Carbon
      • 5.7.2.40. Xuanzhong Chemical Industry
      • 5.7.2.41. Zhuxi Activated Carbon
    • 5.7.3. Trade in activated carbon in China
  • 5.8. Czech Republic
  • 5.9. Denmark
  • 5.10. Finland
  • 5.11. France
    • 5.11.1. Carbio
    • 5.11.2. Ceca
    • 5.11.3. Jacobi Carbons Pica
  • 5.12. Germany
    • 5.12.1. AdFis Systems (formerly German Carbon Teterow)
    • 5.12.2. CarboTech Activated Carbon
    • 5.12.3. CPL Carbon Link
    • 5.12.4. Donau Carbon
    • 5.12.5. Jacobi Carbons (Europe)
    • 5.12.6. Silcarbon Aktivkohle
  • 5.13. India
    • 5.13.1. Producers of activated carbon in India
      • 5.13.1.1. Active Carbon
      • 5.13.1.2. Active Char Products
      • 5.13.1.3. Agri Carbon
      • 5.13.1.4. Coco Carbon Activators
      • 5.13.1.5. Core Carbons
      • 5.13.1.6. Ebe Liza Enterprises
      • 5.13.1.7. Gowrishankar Chemicals
      • 5.13.1.8. HEG
      • 5.13.1.9. Hytech Carbons
      • 5.13.1.10. Indo German Carbons
      • 5.13.1.11. Industrial Carbons
      • 5.13.1.12. Jacobi Carbons India
      • 5.13.1.13. Kalpaka Chemicals
      • 5.13.1.14. KanCarbon
      • 5.13.1.15. Kavia Carbons
      • 5.13.1.16. Macro Carbons
      • 5.13.1.17. M/S Adsorbent Carbons
      • 5.13.1.18. Narbada Valley Chemicals
      • 5.13.1.19. Raj Carbons
      • 5.13.1.20. Unique Carbon & Chemicals
      • 5.13.1.21. Western Chemicals
  • 5.14. Indonesia
    • 5.14.1. Producers of activated carbon in Indonesia
      • 5.14.1.1. Green Carbon
      • 5.14.1.2. Intan Prima
      • 5.14.1.3. PT AIMTOPindo Nuansa Kimia
      • 5.14.1.4. PT Daiti Carbon Nusantera
      • 5.14.1.5. PT Eratechubudhi Sadhana
      • 5.14.1.6. PT Ikaindo Karbonik
      • 5.14.1.7. PT Indokarbon Prima Jaya
      • 5.14.1.8. PT Karbon Prima Sentosa Abadi
      • 5.14.1.9. PT Lilingga Lo Bongo Lestari
      • 5.14.1.10. PT Mapalus
      • 5.14.1.11. PT Nusagri
      • 5.14.1.12. PT Tanso Putra Asia
      • 5.14.1.13. PT UCI UTAMA
      • 5.14.1.14. Purnomo Indonesia
      • 5.14.1.15. Singapore CSC Activated Carbon
  • 5.15. Italy
  • 5.16. Japan
    • 5.16.1. Producers of activated carbon in Japan
      • 5.16.1.1. Calgon Carbon Japan
      • 5.16.1.2. Futamura Chemical Industry
      • 5.16.1.3. Hokuetsu Carbon Industry
      • 5.16.1.4. Kansai Coke & Chemicals
      • 5.16.1.5. Kuraray Chemical
      • 5.16.1.6. Kureha Carbon Products
      • 5.16.1.7. Osaka Gas
      • 5.16.1.8. Serachem
      • 5.16.1.9. Tsurumi Coal
  • 5.17. South Korea
    • 5.17.1. Producers of activated carbon in South Korea
  • 5.18. Malaysia
    • 5.18.1. Producers of activated carbon in Malaysia
      • 5.18.1.1. Bravo Green
      • 5.18.1.2. Century Chemical Works
      • 5.18.1.3. China Activated Carbon Industries
      • 5.18.1.4. Effigen
      • 5.18.1.5. Enviro Carbon
      • 5.18.1.6. KD Technology
      • 5.18.1.7. Kekwa Indah
      • 5.18.1.8. Laju Carbon Products
      • 5.18.1.9. MTrex Activated Carbon
      • 5.18.1.10. Pacific Activated Carbon
      • 5.18.1.11. Other producers in Malaysia
  • 5.19. Mexico
    • 5.19.1. Producers of activated carbon in Mexico
      • 5.19.1.1. Apelsa
      • 5.19.1.2. Carbon Resources
      • 5.19.1.3. Clarimex
      • 5.19.1.4. Carbotecnica
  • 5.20. Netherlands
    • 5.20.1. Cabot Corporation
  • 5.21. Philippines
    • 5.21.1. Producers of activated carbon in the Philippines
      • 5.21.1.1. Cenapro Chemical
      • 5.21.1.2. Davao Central Chemical
      • 5.21.1.3. Donau Carbon
      • 5.21.1.4. Industrofield Export Trading
      • 5.21.1.5. Mapecon Green Charcoal Philippines
      • 5.21.1.6. Pacific Activated Carbon
      • 5.21.1.7. PhilippineJapan Active Carbon
      • 5.21.1.8. Premium A.C.
      • 5.21.1.9. Other producers in the Philippines
  • 5.22. Russia
    • 5.22.1. Production of activated carbon in Russia
    • 5.22.2. Producers of activated carbon in Russia
      • 5.22.2.1. JSC Amzinsky Sawmill
      • 5.22.2.2. LLC Antaliks
      • 5.22.2.3. JSC Electrostal ChemicalMechanical Plant
      • 5.22.2.4. PFK Karbon
      • 5.22.2.5. PJSC KarbonikaF
      • 5.22.2.6. LLC Priladozhsky Sorbent Plant
      • 5.22.2.7. JSC Sorbent
      • 5.22.2.8. OOO Tekhnosorb
      • 5.22.2.9. PJSC Tyumen Pyrolysis Plant
      • 5.22.2.10. JSC Zarya
      • 5.22.2.11. Potential activated carbon projects in Russia
    • 5.22.3. Trade in activated carbon in Russia
  • 5.23. Sri Lanka
    • 5.23.1. Processing of activated carbon in Sri Lanka
    • 5.23.2. Production of activated carbon in Sri Lanka
      • 5.23.2.1. Bieco Link Carbons
      • 5.23.2.2. Haycarb Group
      • 5.23.2.3. Jacobi Carbons
      • 5.23.2.4. J.B. Carbon Activators
      • 5.23.2.5. Newco Carbons
      • 5.23.2.6. Prime Carbons Lanka
  • 5.24. Sweden
  • 5.25. Taiwan
  • 5.26. Thailand
    • 5.26.1. Producers of activated carbon in Thailand
      • 5.26.1.1. C. Gigantic Carbon and Calgon Carbon (Thailand) joint venture
      • 5.26.1.2. Carbokarn Thailand
      • 5.26.1.3. Tanawin
  • 5.27. UK
    • 5.27.1. Producers of activated carbon in the UK
      • 5.27.1.1. Brimac Environmental Services
      • 5.27.1.2. Cabot Corporation (Norit UK)
      • 5.27.1.3. Chemviron Carbon
      • 5.27.1.4. Chemviron Carbon Cloth Division (CCCD)
      • 5.27.1.5. CPL Carbon Link
      • 5.27.1.6. Eurocarb
      • 5.27.1.7. MAST Carbon Advanced Products
      • 5.27.1.8. Thames Water
  • 5.28. Ukraine
  • 5.29. USA
    • 5.29.1. Production of activated carbon in the USA
    • 5.29.2. Producers of activated carbon in the USA
      • 5.29.2.1. ADA Carbon Solutions
      • 5.29.2.2. AgriTecSorbents
      • 5.29.2.3. Asbury Carbons
      • 5.29.2.4. Big Island Carbon
      • 5.29.2.5. Cabot Corporation (formerly Norit)
      • 5.29.2.6. Cal Pacific Carbon
      • 5.29.2.7. Calgon Carbon
      • 5.29.2.8. California Carbon
      • 5.29.2.9. Cameron Great Lakes
      • 5.29.2.10. Carbochem
      • 5.29.2.11. Carbon Activated
      • 5.29.2.12. Carbon Resources
      • 5.29.2.13. Greater Cincinnati Water Works
      • 5.29.2.14. Jacobi Carbons Reactivation Services
      • 5.29.2.15. MeadWestvaco
      • 5.29.2.16. Siemens Industry
      • 5.29.2.17. Albemarle
    • 5.29.3. Trade in activated carbon in the USA
  • 5.30. Uzbekistan
  • 5.31. Vanuatu
  • 5.32. Vietnam

6. World consumption of activated carbon

  • 6.1. Future trends in demand for activated carbon

7. Liquidphase uses for activated carbon

  • 7.1. Use of activated carbon in water treatment
    • 7.1.1. Use of activated carbon in drinking water treatment
      • 7.1.1.1. Granular activated carbon in drinking water treatment
      • 7.1.1.2. Powdered activated carbon in drinking water treatment
    • 7.1.2. Use of activated carbon in wastewater treatment
      • 7.1.2.1. Granular activated carbon in wastewater treatment
      • 7.1.2.2. Powdered activated carbon in wastewater treatment
    • 7.1.3. Use of activated carbon in groundwater/leachate remediation
    • 7.1.4. Use of activated carbon in process water treatment
    • 7.1.5. Use of activated carbon in medical water treatment
    • 7.1.6. Use of activated carbon in service water treatment
    • 7.1.7. Use of activated carbon in ultrapure water treatment
    • 7.1.8. Use of activated carbon in domestic water filters
    • 7.1.9. Use of activated carbon in aquaria water treatment
    • 7.1.10. Use of activated carbon in swimming pool water treatment
    • 7.1.11. Grades of activated carbon used in water treatment
    • 7.1.12. Trends in demand for activated carbon in water treatment
  • 7.2. Use of activated carbon in food and beverage processing
    • 7.2.1. Cane sugar refining
    • 7.2.2. Sweetener production
    • 7.2.3. Citric acid production
    • 7.2.4. Alcoholic beverage production
    • 7.2.5. Fruit juice purification
    • 7.2.6. Vegetable oil refining
    • 7.2.7. Food additives production
    • 7.2.8. Glycerine production
    • 7.2.9. Carbon dioxide removal
    • 7.2.10. Decaffeination
    • 7.2.11. Process water treatment
    • 7.2.12. Trends in demand for activated carbon in food and beverage processing
  • 7.3. Use of activated carbon in gold recovery
    • 7.3.1. Carboninpulp process
    • 7.3.2. Carboninleach process
    • 7.3.3. Carbonincolumn process
    • 7.3.4. Gold recovery from activated carbon
    • 7.3.5. Regeneration of activated carbon
    • 7.3.6. Cyanide management
    • 7.3.7. Specifications for activated carbon used in gold recovery
    • 7.3.8. Trends in demand for activated carbon in gold recovery
  • 7.4. Use of activated carbon in pharmaceutical and medical markets
  • 7.5. Use of activated carbon in chemical markets

8. Gasphase uses for activated carbon

  • 8.1. Use of activated carbon in air treatment
    • 8.1.1. Incinerator flue gas treatment
    • 8.1.2. Mercury control from coalfired power plants
      • 8.1.2.1. Mercury removal using activated carbon
      • 8.1.2.2. Specifications for activated carbon used in mercury removal
      • 8.1.2.3. Demand for activated carbon in mercury removal
    • 8.1.3. VOC removal
    • 8.1.4. Odour control
    • 8.1.5. Groundwater remediation
    • 8.1.6. Hydrocarbon vapour recovery
    • 8.1.7. Toxic industrial chemical removal
      • 8.1.7.1. DeSOx/DeNOx process
  • 8.2. Use of activated carbon in industrial processes
    • 8.2.1. Process gas purification
    • 8.2.2. Mercury removal from natural gas
    • 8.2.3. Gas desulphurisation
    • 8.2.4. Pressure swing adsorption process
    • 8.2.5. Gas storage and delivery
    • 8.2.6. Catalysts
    • 8.2.7. Fuel cells
    • 8.2.8. Carbon dioxide purification
    • 8.2.9. Chloralkali production
    • 8.2.10. Compressed gas
    • 8.2.11. Advanced batteries
    • 8.2.12. Ultracapacitors
  • 8.3. Use of activated carbon in ambient air treatment
    • 8.3.1. Manufacturing plants
    • 8.3.2. Sensitive buildings
    • 8.3.3. Public spaces
    • 8.3.4. Cigarette filters
    • 8.3.5. Household odours
    • 8.3.6. Fruit storage
    • 8.3.7. Jewellery protection
    • 8.3.8. Cat litter
    • 8.3.9. Vehicle cabin air
    • 8.3.10. Automotive emissions
      • 8.3.10.1. Vehicle canisters
      • 8.3.10.2. ORVR canisters
      • 8.3.10.3. Air induction systems
      • 8.3.10.4. Hybrid electric vehicles and gasoline direct injected engines
  • 8.4. Use of activated carbon in personnel protection
    • 8.4.1. Protection from toxic gases
    • 8.4.2. Consumer protection
    • 8.4.3. Nuclear protection
    • 8.4.4. Military clothing

9. International trade in activated carbon

  • 9.1. Exports of activated carbon
    • 9.1.1. Exports of activated carbon from China
    • 9.1.2. Exports of activated carbon from other countries
  • 9.2. Imports of activated carbon
    • 9.2.1. Imports of activated carbon by Japan
    • 9.2.2. Imports of activated carbon by other countries

10. Price trends for activated carbon

List of Tables:

  • Table 1: World: Activated carbon consumption by country/region, 2007 to 2017
  • Table 2: World: Activated carbon production capacity by country/region, 2007 to 2017
  • Table 3: Key properties of the main types of activated carbon
  • Table 4: Activated carbon properties
  • Table 5: US mesh sizes
  • Table 6: Impurities in activated carbon
  • Table 7: Specifications for selected powdered activated carbons
  • Table 8: Specifications for selected granular activated carbons
  • Table 9: Specifications for pelletised activated carbon
  • Table 10: Specifications for regenerated activated carbon
  • Table 11: Specifications for KoTHmex® activated carbon fibre
  • Table 12: Fixed carbon content of activated carbon raw materials
  • Table 13: Comparison of properties of activated carbon by raw material
  • Table 14: Specifications for coal processed in China
  • Table 15: Comparison of inorganic elements in typical unwashed and acidwashed activated carbons produced by Norit
  • Table 16: Contaminants removed by impregnated activated carbon
  • Table 17: World: Estimated production capacity for activated carbon by leading producing country, 2012
  • Table 18: World: Leading producers of activated carbon, 2012
  • Table 19: World: Estimated production capacity for activated carbon by producer, 2012
  • Table 20: Japan, Russia and the USA: Reported production of activated carbon, 2000 to 2010
  • Table 21: Calgon Carbon: Expansion in world reactivation capacity, 2012
  • Table 22: World: Estimated regeneration capacity for activated carbon operated by producers and service companies, 2012
  • Table 23: World: Potential expansion in production capacity for activated carbon by producer, 2013 to 2017
  • Table 24: ACT: Grades of activated carbon
  • Table 25: Indústrias Químicas Carbomafra: Grades of activated carbon
  • Table 26: China: Specifications for unprocessed coal
  • Table 27: China: Typical specifications for coalbased activated carbons
  • Table 28: China: Typical specifications for nut shellbased activated carbons
  • Table 29: China: Producers of activated carbon, 2012
  • Table 30: Kaihua Xingda Chemical: Grades of activated carbon
  • Table 31: Ceca: Estimated production capacity for activated carbon by grade, 2013
  • Table 32: Pica: Estimated production capacity for activated carbon by plant, 2012
  • Table 33: Jacobi Carbons: Pica grades of activated carbon
  • Table 34: Donau Carbon: Grades of activated carbon
  • Table 35: India: Producers of activated carbon
  • Table 36: Core Carbons: Specifications for activated carbon
  • Table 37: IGCL: Grades of activated carbon
  • Table 38: Indonesia: Leading producers of activated carbon
  • Table 39: Indonesia: Activated carbon operations
  • Table 40: Intan Prima: Grades of activated carbon
  • Table 41: Japan: Production and imports of activated carbon, FY 2000 to 2011
  • Table 42: Japan: Leading producers of activated carbon, 2012
  • Table 43: Kuraray Chemical: Activated carbon operations, 2012
  • Table 44: Kureha Carbon Products: Properties of BAC activated carbon
  • Table 45: Osaka Gas: Activated carbon operations
  • Table 46: Shin Kwang Chemical Industry: Production capacity for activated carbon by grade, 2012
  • Table 47: Malaysia: Leading producers of activated carbon
  • Table 48: Laju Carbon Products: Grades of activated carbon
  • Table 49: Mexico: Leading producers of activated carbon, 2012
  • Table 50: Netherlands: Trade in activated carbon, 2010 to 2012
  • Table 51: Cabot Corporation Purification Solutions segment (formerly Norit): Activated carbon operations
  • Table 52: Norit: Sales volume of activated carbon (unaudited), 2007 to 2011
  • Table 53: Philippines: Exports of activated carbon and coconut shell charcoal, 2000 to 2012
  • Table 54: Philippines: Leading producers of activated carbon, 2012
  • Table 55: PJAC: Specifications for activated carbon
  • Table 56: Electrostal ChemicalMechanical Plant: Grades of activated carbon
  • Table 57: Sorbent: Production of activated carbon, 1997 to 2006
  • Table 58: Sorbent: Grades of activated carbon
  • Table 59: Tekhnosorb: Grades of activated carbon
  • Table 60: Russia: Imports of activated carbon by country of origin, 2007 to 2011
  • Table 61: Sri Lanka: Estimated production capacity for activated carbon by producer, 2012
  • Table 62: Haycarb: Activated carbon operations, 2012
  • Table 63: Haycarb: Grades of activated carbon
  • Table 64: Jacobi Carbons: Grades of activated carbon
  • Table 65: Taiwan Carbon Technology: Specifications for activated carbon fibre
  • Table 66: UK: Trade in activated carbon, 2008 to 2012
  • Table 67: UK: Estimated production capacity for activated carbon by producer, 2012
  • Table 68: Sutcliffe Speakman: Grades of activated carbon
  • Table 69: Charcoal Cloth International: Grades of activated carbon cloth
  • Table 70: Eurocarb: Grades of activated carbon1
  • Table 71: USA: Estimated production capacity for activated carbon by producer, 2012
  • Table 72: Calgon Carbon: Net sales by segment, 2003 to 2012
  • Table 73: Calgon Carbon: Activated carbon operations worldwide, 2012
  • Table 74: Calgon Carbon: Selected grades of activated carbon
  • Table 75: Carbon Resources: Grades of activated carbon
  • Table 76: MeadWestvaco: Grades of activated carbon
  • Table 77: Siemens Industry: Activated carbon services
  • Table 78: USA: Net imports of activated carbon, 2001 to 2012
  • Table 79: USA: Imports of activated carbon by country of origin, 2008 to 2011
  • Table 80: Japan and the USA: Estimated consumption of activated carbon, 2000 to 2012
  • Table 81: USA: Activated carbon consumption by end use in 1997, 2002, 2007, 2012 and 2017
  • Table 82: EPA Mercury and Air Toxics Standard and other EPA rules
  • Table 83: World: Forecast demand for activated carbon, 2007, 2012 and 2017
  • Table 84: Main features of water treatment using powdered activated carbon (PAC) and granular activated carbon (GAC)
  • Table 85: Typical parameters for municipal water treatment using AquaSorb® 2000 activated carbon produced by Jacobi Carbons
  • Table 86: Main applications for activated carbon in industrial wastewater treatment
  • Table 87: Typical parameters for effluent water treatment using AquaSorb® 1000 granular activated carbon produced by Jacobi Carbons
  • Table 88: Specifications for activated carbon liquidphase adsorption systems for groundwater remediation produced by TIGG
  • Table 89: Typical parameters for process water treatment using AquaSorb® CS activated carbon produced by Jacobi Carbons
  • Table 90: Specifications for Filtrasorb® granular activated carbon for water treatment produced by Calgon Carbon
  • Table 91: Specifications for AquaCarb® activated carbon for water treatment produced by Siemens Industry
  • Table 92: World: WHO, EU and US parameters for maximum levels of water pollutants, 2013
  • Table 93: USA: Estimated consumption of activated carbon in water treatment, 1997, 2002, 2007 and 2012
  • Table 94: World: Centrifugal sugar production, 2007/08 to 2012/13
  • Table 95: Properties of CANECAL® granular activated carbon for sugar decolourisation produced by Chemviron (Calgon Carbon)
  • Table 96: Typical parameters for glucose decolourisation using ColorSorb® activated carbon produced by Jacobi Carbons
  • Table 97: USA: Shipments of corn sweeteners for domestic food and beverage use, 2000 to 2011
  • Table 98: Specifications for activated carbon for beverage filtration supplied by Cameron Carbon
  • Table 99: World: Production of wine by country, 2002, 2007, 2012 and 2017
  • Table 100: World: Leading producers of beer, 2002, 2007, 2012 and 2017
  • Table 101: Specifications for DARCO® KBWJ activated carbon for decolourisation purification supplied by Norit Americas (Cabot Corporation)
  • Table 102: Specifications for GA SERIES activated carbon for edible oil purification supplied by Jiangxi Sinobase Juston
  • Table 103: World: Leading producers of vegetable oils, 2002, 2007, 2012 and 2017
  • Table 104: Typical CIP design parameters using GoldSorb® activated carbon produced by Jacobi Carbons
  • Table 105: Typical CIL design parameters using GoldSorb® activated carbon produced by Jacobi Carbons
  • Table 106: Typical CIC design parameters using GoldSorb® activated carbon produced by Jacobi Carbons
  • Table 107: Typical operating conditions for Zadra and AARL processes
  • Table 108: Specifications for GCC612 and GCE816 activated carbon produced by IndoCarb for gold recovery. 242
  • Table 109: Specifications for GoldSorb® activated carbon produced by Jacobi Carbons for gold recovery
  • Table 110: World: Leading gold mine producers, 2007 and 2011
  • Table 111: Properties of NORIT® GAC 1240 PLUS ultrapurity activated carbon for pharmaceutical applications
  • Table 112: Properties of NORIT® A SUPRA USP Pharmacopeiagrade activated carbon for pharmaceutical applications
  • Table 113: Typical parameters for purified phosphoric acid production using ColorSorb® H200 granular activated carbon produced by Jacobi Carbons
  • Table 114: Typical parameters for flue gas treatment using DioxSorb® powdered activated carbon produced by Jacobi Carbons
  • Table 115: Properties of DioxSorb® activated carbon for flue gas treatment produced by Jacobi Carbons
  • Table 116: Properties of DARCO® activated carbon for flue gas treatment produced by Norit Americas
  • Table 117: Specifications for powdered activated carbon for flue gas mercury removal produced by Norit Americas
  • Table 118: Typical parameters for solvent recovery using EcoSorb® BXPlus activated carbon produced by Jacobi Carbons
  • Table 119: Properties of SORBONORIT® activated carbon for solvent recovery produced by Norit Americas
  • Table 120: Typical parameters for hydrogen sulphide control using AddSorb® VA3 produced by Jacobi Carbons
  • Table 121: Use of activated carbon in process gas purification
  • Table 122: Typical parameters for process gas purification using EcoSorb® activated carbon produced by Jacobi Carbons
  • Table 123: Typical parameters for mercury removal from natural gas using AddSorb® VQ1 produced by Jacobi Carbons
  • Table 124: Typical specifications for activated carbon used in PSA processes
  • Table 125: Uses for Merox catalysts
  • Table 126: Comparison of ultracapacitors, electrostatic capacitors and batteries
  • Table 127: Typical parameters for industrial air treatment using EcoSorb® GXB activated carbon produced by Jacobi Carbons
  • Table 128: Specifications for IndoCarb CF range activated carbons for cigarette filters
  • Table 129: World: Automotive fuel vapour regulations by region and country, 2010
  • Table 130: World: Recorded trade in activated carbon, 2002 to 2011
  • Table 131: World: Exports of activated carbon by region and country, 2002 to 2011
  • Table 132: World: Major reported trade flows of activated carbon exports, 2010
  • Table 133: World: Major reported trade flows of activated carbon exports, 2011
  • Table 134: USA: US Department of Commerce weight averaged dumping margins, 2012
  • Table 135: USA: US Department of Commerce final dumping margins: period of review April 2010 to March 2011 (US$/kg)
  • Table 136: World: Reported imports of activated carbon by region and country, 2002 to 2011
  • Table 137: World: Major reported trade flows of activated carbon imports, 2010
  • Table 138: World: Major reported trade flows of activated carbon imports, 2011
  • Table 139: Average values of activated carbon imported into Japan, the USA, South Korea and Belgium by country of origin, 2007 and 2012
  • Table 140: Average values of activated carbon exported from China by country of destination, 2003 to 2012
  • Table 141: Selected activated carbon prices quoted in early 2013

List of Figures

  • Figure 1: World: Consumption of activated carbon, 1997 to 2017
  • Figure 2: China: Exports of activated carbon to Japan compared to average value of exports, 1995 to 2012
  • Figure 3: Stages in the production of activated carbon from coconut shells
  • Figure 4: Stages in the production of activated carbon from coal
  • Figure 5: World: Production capacity for activated carbon by leading producing country, 2012
  • Figure 6: World: Leading producers of coconuts by country, 2010
  • Figure 7: India: Exports of activated carbon, 2000 to 2012
  • Figure 8: Netherlands: Exports of activated carbon by region of destination, 2012
  • Figure 9: USA: Activated carbon production capacity by producer, 2012
  • Figure 10: Calgon Carbon: Net sales by country, 2011
  • Figure 11: Calgon Carbon: Net sales by enduse, 2011
  • Figure 12: USA: Imports of activated carbon by country of origin, 2012
  • Figure 13: Vietnam: Exports of activated carbon by major country, 2002 to 2011
  • Figure 14: World: Estimated consumption of activated carbon by leading consuming country, 2012
  • Figure 15: China: Urban wastewater treatment, 2005 to 2017
  • Figure 16: World: Production of centrifugal sugar by leading producing country, 2012/13
  • Figure 17: World: Regional production of wine, 2007 and 2011
  • Figure 18: World: Regional production of beer, 2011
  • Figure 19: Carboninpulp process
  • Figure 20: World: Mine production of gold by country, 2011
  • Figure 21: Mercury removal from power plant flue gas using activated carbon
  • Figure 22: Mercury removal from natural gas using activated carbon
  • Figure 23: World: Difference between reported exports and imports of activated carbon, 2002 to 2012
  • Figure 24: World: Reported exports of activated carbon, 2000 to 2012
  • Figure 25: World: Exports of activated carbon by major country, 2002 to 2012
  • Figure 26: China: Exports of activated carbon by region of destination, 2007 to 2012
  • Figure 27: World: Reported imports of activated carbon by major country, 2000 to 2012
  • Figure 28: Japan: Imports of activated carbon by main country, 1994 to 2012
  • Figure 29: USA: Imports of steamactivated carbon from China, 2003 to 2011
  • Figure 30: USA: Value of imports of steamactivated carbon from China, 2003 to 2011
  • Figure 31: Average values of activated carbon imported into the USA by leading country of origin, 2002 to 2012
  • Figure 32: China: Exports of activated carbon to the rest of the world compared to average value of exports, 1995 to 2012
  • Figure 33: China: Exports of activated carbon to the USA compared to average value of exports, 1995 to 2012
  • Figure 34: Average values of activated carbon exported from China by leading country of destination, 2002 to 2012
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