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E-Waste Recycling and Reuse Services Worldwide

Abstract

E-waste (electronic and electrical waste) recycling and reuse (R&R) services include a wide plethora of business types, such as collectors, de-manufacturers, material processors, asset managers, recyclers and refurbishers. Companies involved in the e-waste R&R industry purchase, refurbish, recycle and sell used (working or non-working), obsolete or surplus electronic and electrical (E&E) items - including everything from computers and cell phones to refrigerators and microwaves, as well as E&E components and parts - including CRT tubes, plastics and precious metals).

The e-waste R&R services industry is complex and sometimes could even be referred to as elusive. A simple route for an electronic item on its way to be recycled may entail collection from a garbage collector, triage by a dismantling company and then final processing by an end processor, such as a smelter or refiner. More complex routes may be more difficult to track and E&E items may find themselves undocumented in storage somewhere, overseas illegally or even in landfills. It is not uncommon for an e-waste collector, or even dismantler, to have little or no knowledge regarding the destination of its products. This situation is changing, however, as the regulatory framework for e-waste R&R services becomes more established - at least in some regions -and as the market continues to evolve and grow.

In 2010 the e-waste R&R services market value totaled close to $6.8 billion, up from $6.2 billion in 2009. Industry growth is expected to continue on its uphill path at least through the next decade, with collection services alone more than tripling by 2020. In 2010, China and India (out of the top ten country pool) are estimated to retain the largest market shares, in terms of value, with approximate shares of 23.7% and 21.6% respectively.

Growth in the e-waste R&R services industry is being spurred by the ever-increasing amounts of e-waste being created around the world, as purchases of electronic products are on the rise - in some regions dramatically, and as old E&E items become obsolete at an accelerated rate. Another driving factor in e-waste market growth is the growing recognition of valuable substances, such as lead, copper and gold, found in some e-waste components. These resources may be reclaimed at a profit and subsequently reused, which makes a lot more sense than simply throwing them away.

Instances of corruption and "backyard recycling" may be somewhat exaggerated by the media, with both good and bad consequences. Pictures depicting hazardous working conditions, such as those of African children breathing fumes from burning copper wire, have helped to incite an increase in e-waste regulations and enforcement and have spurred the persistence of environmental watchdogs, such as the Basel Action Network and Greenpeace. Due to the persistence of groups such as these, the e-waste R&R services market is being upheld to a higher standard, although this increased scrutiny has also hindered growth for many involved in the industry.

E-Waste Recycling and Reuse Services Worldwide contains comprehensive historical data (2006-2010) and forecast data (2011-2020). This report identifies key trends and factors (such as the regulatory scene, new technologies, employment opportunities and economic drivers and challenges), which affect the size and direction of e-waste R&R market growth around the world. Profiles of more than a dozen major - or simply interesting - companies involved in the e-waste recycling and reuse industry are also included.

Report Methodology

The information contained in E-Waste Recycling and Reuse Services Worldwide has been gathered from trade associations; business, science and law journals; company literature and websites; interviews with at least ten key individuals, research services and institutes around the world; and is based on data from government agencies and other industry sources.

How You Will Benefit From This Report

E-Waste Recycling and Reuse Services Worldwide details significant trends, schemes and market numbers for a clear overview of the complex e-waste R&R market.

This report will help:

  • Managers identify market opportunities and develop solid implementation plans for e-waste R&R activities.
  • Research and development professionals stay on top of competitor initiatives and understand the developments and obstacles within the e-waste R&R services market.
  • Business development executives work within the dynamics of the market and identify possible partnerships.
  • Information and research center librarians access vital information.
  • Policy makers and government officials understand the dynamics and scope of the market they are working to affect.
  • Advertising agencies working with clients involved in the e-waste industry to help design appropriate messages and images.
  • Investors and stakeholders gain a well-rounded view of the e-waste R&R services market, including its strengths, weaknesses and likely future direction.

Additional Information

New York, NY - 5 December, 2011-- Purchases of electronic products are on the rise - in some regions dramatically, and as old E&E items become obsolete at an accelerated rate, growth in the e-waste R&R services industry is being spurred by the ever-increasing amounts of e-waste being created around the world. Another driving factor in e-waste market growth is the growing recognition of valuable substances, such as lead, copper and gold, found in some e-waste components. These resources may be reclaimed at a profit and subsequently reused.

E-waste is estimated to comprise only .01% to 3% of the world's total solid waste stream. Despite being such a small portion of world waste, e-waste is receiving a lot of attention due to both its high toxicity and its rapid growth (2-3 times faster than any other waste stream). Because of its economic value, e-waste is quickly becoming less of an environmental problem and more of a market opportunity.

E-Waste Recycling and Reuse Services Worldwide, a new market research study from industry leader SBI Energy, finds that in 2010 the e-waste R&R services market value totaled close to $6.8 billion, up from $6.2 billion in 2009, nearly a 10% increase. Industry growth is expected to continue on its uphill path at least through the next decade, with collection services alone more than tripling by 2020. In 2011, China and India are estimated to retain the largest market shares, in terms of value, with approximate 24% and 22% respectively.

The e-waste R&R services industry is complex and sometimes even elusive. Nana Lapham, SBI Energy analyst, explains, "A simple route for an electronic item on its way to be recycled may entail collection from a garbage collector, triage by a dismantling company and then final processing by an end processor, such as a smelter or refiner. More complex routes may be more difficult to track and E&E items may be undocumented in storage somewhere, overseas illegally or even in landfills. It is not uncommon for an e-waste collector, or even dismantler, to have little or no knowledge regarding the destination of its products. This situation is changing, however, as the regulatory framework for e-waste R&R services becomes more established-at least in some regions-as the market continues to evolve and grow.

E-Waste Recycling and Reuse Services Worldwide contains comprehensive historical data (2006-2010) and forecast data (2011-2020). This report identifies key trends and factors (such as the regulatory scene, new technologies, employment opportunities and economic drivers and challenges), which affect the size and direction of e-waste R&R market growth around the world. Profiles of more than a dozen companies involved in the e-waste recycling and reuse industry are also included.

Table of Contents

Chapter 1: Executive Summary

  • Introduction
    • E-Waste Recycling and Reuse Services, Defined
    • The Growth of E-Waste Recycling and Reuse Services
  • Market Size and Growth
    • E-Waste Recycling and Reuse Services
    • Total E-Waste Services Market Rests at $6.8 Billion In 2010
    • Figure 1-1 Total E-Waste R&R Services Market Worldwide, In Billion Dollars (2006-2010)
    • Figure 1-2 Total E-Waste R&R Services Market Worldwide, In Million Tons (2006-2010)
    • E-Waste Collection Services Total $.41 Billion in 2010
    • Figure 1-3 E-Waste Collection Services Market Segment Worldwide, In Billion Dollars (2006-2010)
    • E-Waste Services Market to Reach Nearly $20 Billion by 2020
    • Figure 1-4 Total E-Waste R&R Services Market Worldwide, In Billion Dollars (2010-2020)
    • Figure 1-5 Total E-Waste R&R Services Market Worldwide, In Million Tons (2010-2020)
    • Collection Services Market Segment to Surpass $1.6 Billion
    • Figure 1-6 E-Waste Collection Services Market Segment Worldwide, In Billion Dollars (2006-2010)
    • E-Waste Product Collected for R&R: Value vs. Volume
    • Appliances Collected for R&R Valued at $2.11 Billion in 2010
    • Figure 1-7 Collected E-Waste Products for R&R: Household Appliances Worldwide, In Billion Dollars (2006 - 2010)
    • Figure 1-8 Collected E-Waste Products for R&R: Household Appliances Worldwide, In Million Tons (2006 - 2010)
    • Household Appliances Collected for R&R Total $6.26 Billion
    • Figure 1-9 E-Waste Products Collected for R&R: Household Appliances Worldwide, In Billion Dollars (2010 - 2020)
    • Iron and Steel Reclaimed from E-Waste Valued at $958 Million
    • Figure 1-10 Iron and Steel Reclaimed from E-Waste Value, In Million Dollars (2006 - 2010)
    • Figure 1-11 Iron and Steel Reclaimed from E-Waste Volume, In Million Tons (2006 - 2010)
    • Value of Iron and Steel from E-Waste to Near $1.5 Billion in 2020
    • Figure 1-12 Iron and Steel Reclaimed from E-Waste Projected Value, in Million Dollars (2010 - 2020)
    • Figure 1-13 Iron and Steel Reclaimed from E-Waste Projected Volume, in Million Tons (2010 - 2020)
  • Factors in Market Size and Growth
    • E-Waste Volume Growing Fast
    • E&E Product Sales Expected to Soar in Some Regions
    • Public Awareness Growing: E-Waste Industry in Spotlight
    • Informal & Formal E-Waste R&R Services
  • Technological Innovations and Schemes
    • Reusable Elements and Components Found in E&E
    • Table 1-1 Substances & Elements Found in E&E Prevalence, Toxicity Level and Use
    • Traditional E-Waste Recycling Processes
  • Around the World
    • E-Waste R&R around the World
    • North America: E-Waste R&R Overview
    • South America and Central America: E-Waste R&R Overview
    • Europe: E-Waste R&R Overview
    • Africa: E-Waste R&R Overview
    • Asia: E-Waste R&R Overview
    • Middle East: E-Waste R&R Overview
    • Australia and Oceania: E-Waste R&R Overview
  • Employment Opportunities
    • Variety of Employment Opportunities in the E-Waste Industry
    • About 8.3 Million Employed in E- Waste R&R Market
    • Table 1-2 Global E-Waste R&R Market: Employee Count In Millions (2006-2020)

Chapter 2: Introduction

  • E-Waste Recycling and Reuse Services, Defined
  • E-Waste R&R: How it Works
  • Toxic Substances Found in E-Waste
  • E-waste R&R Certification
  • International Regulations and Associations
  • The Growth of E-Waste Recycling and Reuse Services

Chapter 3: Market Size and Growth

  • E-Waste Recycling and Reuse Services
  • Total E-Waste Services Market Rests at $6.8 Billion In 2010
    • Figure 3-1 Total E-Waste R&R Services Market Worldwide, In Billion Dollars (2006-2010)
    • Figure 3-2 Total E-Waste R&R Services Market Worldwide, In Million Tons (2006-2010)
  • E-Waste Collection Services Total $.41 Billion in 2010
    • Figure 3-3 E-Waste Collection Services Market Segment Worldwide, In Billion Dollars (2006-2010)
  • E-Waste Refurbishment and Reuse Settles at $.75 Billion in 2010
    • Figure 3-4 E-Waste Refurbishment and Reuse Market Segment Worldwide, In Billion Dollars (2006-2010)
  • E-Waste Asset Management and Logistics Exceeds $1.2 Billion
    • Figure 3-5 E-Waste Asset Management and Logistics Services Market Segment Worldwide, In Billion Dollars (2006-2010)
  • Triage and De-manufacturing Reach $1.7 Billion in 2010
    • Figure 3-6 E-Waste Triage and De-manufacturing Services Market Segment Worldwide, In Billion Dollars (2006-2010)
  • E-Waste Material Processing & Recovery Reaches $2.72 Billion
    • Figure 3-7 E-Waste Material Processing and Recovery Market Segment Worldwide, In Billion Dollars (2006-2010)
  • E-Waste Services Market to Reach Nearly $20 Billion by 2020
    • Figure 3-8 Total E-Waste R&R Services Market Worldwide, In Billion Dollars (2010-2020)
    • Figure 3-9 Total E-Waste R&R Services Market Worldwide, In Million Tons (2010-2020)
  • Collection Services Market Segment to Surpass $1.6 Billion
    • Figure 3-10 E-Waste Collection Services Market Segment Worldwide, In Billion Dollars (2006-2010)
  • Refurbishment and Reuse Services Raises to $2.15 Billion
    • Figure 3-11 E-Waste Refurbishment and Reuse Services Market Segment Worldwide, In Billion Dollars (2010-2020)
  • Asset Management and Logistics Market to Near $3.8 Billion
    • Figure 3-12 E-Waste Asset Management and Logistics Services Market Segment Worldwide, In Billion Dollars (2010-2020)
  • Triage and De-manufacturing to Reach $4.77 Billion in 2020
    • Figure 3-13 E-Waste Triage and De-manufacturing Services Market Segment Worldwide, In Billions (2010-2020)
  • Material Processing and Recovery Projected at $7.56 Billion
    • Figure 3-14 E-Waste Processing and Recovery Services Market Segment Worldwide, In Billion Dollars (2010-2020)
  • Material Processing and Recovery Dominates E-Waste R&R
    • Figure 3-15 Global E-Waste R&R Services Market Share By Service Type, In Dollar Value (2006)
    • Figure 3-16 Global E-Waste R&R Services Market Share By Service Type, In Dollar Value (2010)
    • Figure 3-17 Global E-Waste R&R Services Market Share By Service Type, In Dollar Value (2015)
    • Figure 3-18 Global E-Waste R&R Services Market Share By Service Type, In Dollar Value (2020)
  • E-Waste Product Collected for R&R: Value vs. Volume
  • Appliances Collected for R&R Valued at $2.11 Billion in 2010
    • Figure 3-19 Collected E-Waste Products for R&R: Household Appliances Worldwide, In Billion Dollars (2006 - 2010)
    • Figure 3-20 Collected E-Waste Products for R&R: Household Appliances Worldwide, In Million Tons (2006 - 2010)
  • Computer Displays Collected for R&R Valued at Over $1 Billion
    • Figure 3-21 Collected E-Waste Products for R&R: Computer Displays Worldwide, In Billion Dollars (2006 - 2010)
    • Figure 3-22 Collected E-Waste Products for R&R: Computer Displays Worldwide, In Million Tons (2006 - 2010)
  • Televisions Collected for R&R Valued at Almost $1 Billion in 2010
    • Figure 3-23 Collected E-Waste Products for R&R: Televisions Worldwide, In Billion Dollars (2006 - 2010)
    • Figure 3-24 Collected E-Waste Products for R&R: Televisions Worldwide, In Million Tons (2006 - 2010)
  • Computers Collected for R&R Total $1.2 Billion in 2010
    • Figure 3-25 Collected E-Waste Products for R&R: Computers Worldwide, In Billion Dollars (2006 - 2010)
    • Figure 3-26 Collected E-Waste for R&R: Computers Worldwide, In Million Tons (2006 - 2010)
  • Hard Copy Devices Collected for R&R Valued at $.73 Billion
    • Figure 3-27 Collected E-Waste Products for R&R: Hard Copy Devices Worldwide, In Billion Dollars (2006 - 2010)
    • Figure 3-28 Collected E-Waste Products for R&R: Hard Copy Devices Worldwide, In Million Tons (2006 - 2010)
  • Value of Collected 'Other' E-Waste Valued at $.82 Billion in 2010
    • Figure 3-29 Collected E-Waste Products for R&R: 'Other' Category Worldwide, In Billion Dollars (2006 - 2010)
    • Figure 3-30 Collected E-Waste Products for R&R: 'Other' Category Worldwide, In Million Tons (2006 - 2010)
  • Household Appliances Collected for R&R Total $6.26 Billion
    • Figure 3-31 E-Waste Products Collected for R&R: Household Appliances Worldwide, In Billion Dollars (2010 - 2020)
    • Figure 3-32 E-Waste Products Collected for R&R: Household Appliances Worldwide, In Million Tons (2010 - 2020)
  • Computer Displays Collected for R&R Valued at $2.19 Billion
    • Figure 3-33 E-Waste Products Collected for R&R: Computer Displays Worldwide, In Billion Dollars (2010 - 2020)
    • Figure 3-34 E-Waste Products Collected for R&R: Computer Displays Worldwide, In Million Tons (2010 - 2020)
  • Televisions Collected for R&R Valued at $2.49 Billion in 2020
    • Figure 3-35 E-Waste Products Collected for R&R: T.V.sTelevisions Worldwide, In Billion Dollars (2010 - 2020)
    • Figure 3-36 E-Waste Products Collected for R&R: Televisions Worldwide, In Million Tons (2010 - 2020)
  • Computers Collected for R&R Valued at $3.98 Billion in 2020
    • Figure 3-37 E-Waste Products Collected for R&R: Computers Worldwide, In Billion Dollars (2010 - 2020)
    • Figure 3-38 E-Waste Products Collected for R&R: Computers Worldwide, In Million Tons (2010 - 2020)
  • Hard Copy Devices Collected for R&R Valued at $2.59 Billion
    • Figure 3-39 E-Waste Products Collected for R&R: Hard Copy Devices Worldwide, In Billion Dollars (2010 - 2020)
    • Figure 3-40 E-Waste Products Collected for R&R: Hard Copy Devices Worldwide, In Million Tons (2010 - 2020)
  • 'Other' Category Collected for R&R Valued at $2.38 Billion
    • Figure 3-41 E-Waste Products Collected for R&R: 'Other' Category Worldwide, In Billion Dollars (2010 - 2020)
    • Figure 3-42 E-Waste Products Collected for R&R: 'Other' Category Worldwide, In Million Tons (2010 - 2020)
  • Household Appliances Commandeer Market Share
    • Figure 3-43 Collected E-Waste Share for R&R, by Product Type In Billion Dollars and Million Tons (2006)
    • Figure 3-44 Collected E-Waste Share for R&R, by Product Type In Billion Dollars and Million Tons (2010)
    • Figure 3-45 Collected E-Waste Share for R&R, by Product Type In Billion Dollars and Million Tons (2015)
    • Figure 3-46 Collected E-Waste Share for R&R, by Product Type In Billion Dollars and Million Tons (2020)
  • End Products Reclaimed from E-Waste Recycling Services
  • Iron and Steel Reclaimed from E-Waste Valued at $958 Million
    • Figure 3-47 Iron and Steel Reclaimed from E-Waste Value, In Million Dollars (2006 - 2010)
    • Figure 3-48 Iron and Steel Reclaimed from E-Waste Volume, In Million Tons (2006 - 2010)
  • Value of Reclaimed Plastic from E-Waste Exceeds $1 Billion
    • Figure 3-49 Plastic Reclaimed from E-Waste Value, in Million Dollars (2006 - 2010)
    • Figure 3-50 Plastic Reclaimed from E-Waste Volume, In Million Tons (2006 - 2010)
  • Copper Produced from E-Waste Reaches $2.4 Billion in 2010
    • Figure 3-51 Copper Reclaimed from E-Waste Value, in Million Dollars (2006 - 2010)
    • Figure 3-52 Copper Reclaimed from E-Waste Volume, in Million Tons (2006 - 2010)
  • Value of Reclaimed Glass Surpasses $9 Million in 2010
    • Figure 3-53 Glass Reclaimed from E-Waste Value, in Million Dollars (2006 - 2010)
    • Figure 3-54 Glass Reclaimed from E-Waste Volume, in Million Tons (2006 - 2010)
  • Aluminum Reclaimed from E-Waste Valued at $484 Million
    • Figure 3-55 Aluminum Reclaimed from E-Waste Value, in Million Dollars (2006 - 2010)
    • Figure 3-56 Aluminum Reclaimed from E-Waste Volume, In Million Tons (2006 - 2010)
  • Circuit Boards Reclaimed from E-Waste Valued at $1.5 Billion
    • Figure 3-57 Circuit Boards Reclaimed from E-Waste Value, In Million Dollars (2006 - 2010)
    • Figure 3-58 Circuit Boards Reclaimed from E-Waste Volume, In Million Tons (2006 - 2010)
  • Value of Iron and Steel from E-Waste to Near $1.5 Billion in 2020
    • Figure 3-59 Iron and Steel Reclaimed from E-Waste Projected Value, in Million Dollars (2010 - 2020)
    • Figure 3-60 Iron and Steel Reclaimed from E-Waste Projected Volume, in Million Tons (2010 - 2020)
  • Reclaimed Plastic from E-Waste Valued at $2.1 Billion in 2020
    • Figure 3-61 Plastic Reclaimed from E-Waste Projected Value, in Million Dollars (2010 - 2020)
    • Figure 3-62 Plastic Reclaimed from E-Waste Projected Volume, in Million Tons (2010 - 2020)
  • Copper Reclaimed from E-Waste Valued over $3.9 Billion in 2020
    • Figure 3-63 Copper Reclaimed from E-Waste Projected Value, in Million Dollars (2010 - 2020)
    • Figure 3-64 Copper Reclaimed from E-Waste Projected Volume, in Million Tons (2010 - 2020)
  • Glass Reclaimed from E-Waste Valued at $11.2 Million in 2020
    • Figure 3-65 Glass Reclaimed from E-Waste Projected Value, in Million Dollars (2010 - 2020)
    • Figure 3-66 Glass Reclaimed from E-Waste Projected Volume, In Million Tons (2010 - 2020)
  • Aluminum Reclaimed from E-Waste Valued at $880 Million
    • Figure 3-67 Aluminum Reclaimed from E-WasteProjected Value, In Million Dollars (2010 - 2020)
    • Figure 3-68 Aluminum Reclaimed from E-Waste Projected Volume, in Million Tons (2010 - 2020)
  • Circuit Boards Reclaimed from E-Waste Valued at $3.2 Billion
    • Figure 3-69 Circuit Boards Reclaimed from E-Waste Projected Value, in Million Dollars (2010 - 2020)
    • Figure 3-70 Circuit Boards Reclaimed from E-Waste Projected Volume, in Million Tons (2010 - 2020)
  • Estimates for Regional Market Shares Rough
  • Top Ten Countries Have 72% Market Share in 2010
    • Figure 3-71 E-Waste R&R Services Market Share Top Ten Countries, In Value (2006)
    • Figure 3-72 E-Waste R&R Services Market Share Top Ten Countries, in Volume (2006)
    • Figure 3-73 E-Waste R&R Services Market Share Top Ten Countries, in Value (2010)
    • Figure 3-74 E-Waste R&R Services Market Share Top Ten Countries, in Volume (2010)
    • Figure 3-75 E-Waste R&R Services Market Share Top Ten Countries, in Value (2015)
    • Figure 3-76 E-Waste R&R Services Market Share Top Ten Countries, in Volume (2015)
    • Figure 3-77 E-Waste R&R Services Market Share Top Ten Countries, in Value (2020)
    • Figure 3-78 E-Waste R&R Services Market Share Top Ten Countries, in Volume (2020)
  • China To Process E-Waste Volume Valued at $4.06 Billion
    • Table 3-1 E-Waste R&R Services Market: Top Ten Countries In Billion Dollars (2006 - 2020)
  • China Projected to Process 3.83 Million Tons of E-Waste in 2020
    • Table 3-2 E-Waste R&R Services Market In Million Tons (2006 - 2020)
    • Figure 3-79 China's E-Waste R&R Market, by Service Type Percent Share (2006 - 2020)
  • China's E-Waste Market Dominated by Material Processing
    • Table 3-3 China's E-Waste R&R Market, by Service Type In Million Dollars (2006 - 2020)
  • Refurbishment and Reuse Services Claim 31% of India's E-Waste R&R
    • Figure 3-80 India's E-Waste R&R Market, by Service Type Percent Share (2006 - 2020)
    • Table 3-4 India's E-Waste R&R Market, by Service Type In Million Dollars (2006 - 2020)
  • United States Sees Steady Growth
    • Figure 3-81 United States' E-Waste Market, by Service Type Percent Share (2006 - 2020)
    • Table 3-5 United States' E-Waste R&R Market, by Service Type In Million Dollars (2006 - 2020)
  • Germany's Material Processing Claims a 35% Market Share
    • Figure 3-82 Germany's E-Waste Market, by Service Type Percent Share (2006 - 2020)
    • Table 3-6 Germany's E-Waste R&R Market, by Service Type In Million Dollars (2006 - 2020)
  • U.K.'s Material Processing Segment Sees Growth
    • Figure 3-83 United Kingdom's E-Waste Market, by Service Type Percent Share (2006 - 2020)
    • Table 3-7 United Kingdom's E-Waste R&R Market, by Service Type In Million Dollars (2006 - 2020)
  • Spain's Material Processing and Recovery Segment Loses Share
    • Figure 3-84 Spain's E-Waste Market, by Service Type Percent Share (2006 - 2020)
    • Table 3-8 Spain's E-Waste R&R Market, by Service Type In Million Dollars (2006 - 2020)
  • France's E-Waste R&R World Growing
    • Figure 3-85 France's E-Waste Market, by Service Type Percent Share (2006 - 2020)
    • Table 3-9 France's E-Waste R&R Market, by Service Type In Million Dollars (2006 - 2020)
  • Sweden Heavily Dominated by Material Processing Segment
    • Figure 3-86 Sweden's E-Waste Market, by Service Type Percent Share (2006 - 2020)
    • Table 3-10 Sweden's E-Waste R&R Market, by Service Type In Million Dollars (2006 - 2020)
  • Italy's E-W R&R Sees Steady Climb
    • Figure 3-87 Italy's E-Waste Market, by Service Type Percent Share (2006 - 2020)
    • Table 3-11 Italy's E-Waste R&R Market, by Service Type In Million Dollars (2006 - 2020)
  • Ghana Has Large Refurbishment and Reuse Segment
    • Figure 3-88 Ghana's E-Waste Market, by Service Type Percent Share (2006 - 2020)
    • Table 3-12 Ghana's E-Waste R&R Market, by Service Type In Million Dollars (2006 - 2020)
  • Potential E-waste R&R Services Industry Huge, but Has Limits

Chapter 4: Factors in Market Size and Growth

  • E-Waste Volume Growing Fast
  • E&E Product Sales Expected to Soar in Some Regions
  • Public Awareness Growing: E-Waste Industry in Spotlight
  • Informal & Formal E-Waste R&R Services
  • Why Export?
  • Backyard E-Waste Recyclers Paint Dark Picture
  • Corruption Levels High in Some E-Waste Markets
  • E-Waste Recycling Can Be Costly
  • OEMs Take on E-Waste Responsibility
  • Communities Host Own Electronic Collection Events
  • Consumer Recycling Fees and... Payouts?
  • Secondary Market for Used and Refurbished Electronics
  • E-Waste Industry Involvement May Be Low National Priority
  • E-Waste Reclamation to Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions
  • High Value of Recovered Raw Materials
  • Data Destruction: Incentive for Formal Recycling Measures
  • Reports Say 38 Million Tons of E-Waste Unaccounted For
  • Some E-Waste Markets Built on Immature Infrastructure
  • Electronics Refurbishment, a Threat to Manufacturers?
  • Some Turn to Prisons for Cheap Labor
  • Green Computing May Help Reduce E-Waste
  • Environmental & Occupational Concerns Re: E-Waste Recycling
  • Environmental Groups Have Big Impact on E-Waste Industry
  • Recycling Associations and Others Help Propel Market Growth

Chapter 5: Technological Processes and Innovations

  • Reusable Elements and Components Found in E&E
    • Table 5-1 Substances & Elements Found in Electronics Prevalence, Toxicity Level and Use
  • Traditional E-Waste Recycling Processes
  • Hazardous Processing Methods Not Uncommon
  • CRT Recycling
  • Scientists Look at Cryogenic Recycling of Printed Circuit Boards
  • Bio-treatment of E-Waste Promising
  • EcoATMs Dispense Cash for Used Phones!
  • Shanghai University Studies E-Waste Processes
  • Stanford University's Bloom Laptop
  • Circuit Board Recycling Innovations

Chapter 6: Around the World

  • E-Waste R&R around the World
    • North America: E-Waste R&R Overview
    • U.S. Did Not Ratify Basel Ban Amendment
    • The National Recycling Coalition, Inc.
    • EPA's Plug-in to E-Cycling Guidelines
    • The Sustainable Electronics Initiative
    • Proposed Electronic Device Recycling Research and Development Act
    • The Resource Conservation and Recovery Act Covers Cathode Ray Tubes
    • The ISO 14000 Family
    • The Electronic Product Environmental Assessment Tool
    • U.S. States Enact Own Disposal Laws for Electronics
    • E-Cycling Central
    • ReCellular Provides Used Phones to Soldiers
    • Manitoba's E&E Equipment Stewardship Regulation Program
    • Canada's Computers for Schools Initiative
    • Canadian Provinces Implement Recycling Fees
    • Mississauga E-Waste Plant Processes 20,000 Pounds per Hour
  • South America and Central America: E-Waste R&R Overview
    • Mercosur Policy Agreement from 2006
    • Computers for Education in Latin America
    • Peruvian Government Expresses Interest in E-waste R&R
    • Mexico Lacks Formal Electronic Recycling Program
    • Brazil's E-Waste Market Leads the Way for Latin America
    • Bolivia Houses Informal E-Waste Market
    • Electronic Waste Toolkit for Latin America and the Caribbean
    • Argentina Has Toe in E-Waste Industry
    • Costa Rica Has Extended Producer Responsibility Policy
    • Venezuela Spends $55 Million on 25 Environmental Projects
    • Chile's Environmental Legislation Weak
    • Foreign Companies Offer E-Waste Recycling Services in Latin America
    • Small Localized Businesses Gather Computers for Reuse
  • Europe: E-Waste R&R Overview
    • Table 6-1 E-Waste Collection Rates from Private Households in Europe, Per Capita In Kilograms (2008)
    • Europe's WEEE Directive Provides Uniform Legislation across Europe
    • RoHS Directive
    • European Union's REACH
    • Switzerland's SWICO
    • Switzerland's EMPA Impacts Global E-Waste Market
    • United Kingdom and Netherland Guilty of Illegal Exports
    • France's Roma People Scavenge E-Waste
    • France's Ordi 2.0
    • Germany's Electrical and Electronic Equipment Act Spurs E-Waste R&R
    • Norway Is European Leader in E-Waste R&R
    • Sweden Leads by Example
  • Africa: E-Waste R&R Overview
    • Refurbishment and Repair
    • The Durban Declaration on E-Waste Management in Africa
    • E-Waste Association of South Africa
    • HP Has Presence in African E-Waste Market
    • Kenya's E-Waste Program Lacks Infrastructure Support
    • Computers for Schools Kenya
    • Many African Countries Considering Formalizing E-Waste Industry
    • Pilot E-Waste project in Cape Town, South Africa
    • About 500 Containers of Used Computers Arrive at Nigeria's Ports Each Month
    • Ghana Tagged as E-Waste Capital of Africa
  • Asia: E-Waste R&R Overview
    • Asia's Network of Illegal Transboundary Movement of Hazardous Waste
    • China Has Resources to Capitalize on E-Waste Market
    • China's E-Waste Industry Mostly Semi-informal
    • Chinese Government Creates E-Waste Recycling Incentive
    • Guiyu Polluted by China's Largest E-Waste Site
    • China RoHS
    • China WEEE
    • Japan's Home Appliance Recycling Law
    • Japan's RoHS
    • Japan's Law for the Recycling of Specified Kinds of Home Appliances
    • Japan Recycles 2.5 kg per Capita Each Year
    • India Recycles 5% of its E-Waste
    • India Houses Extensive Informal E-Waste Industry
    • E-Waste Policy in India
    • The E-Waste Guide, India
    • Delhi's E-Waste Collection Bins
    • Malaysia Supports 138 E-Waste Recovery Facilities
    • Thailand Adds Regulation to Limit Imports
    • Pakistan Plays Role in Global E-Waste Industry
    • Port of Hong Kong Is Large E-Waste Hub
    • Some Asian E-Waste Markets Difficult to Pinpoint
  • Middle East: E-Waste R&R Overview
    • The Middle East Has Weak E-Waste R&R Legislation
    • Emirates Environmental Group
    • Tunisia's E-waste Facility Has a Capacity of 1,000 Tons Per Year
    • UAE Telecoms Recycling Campaign
    • HP's Touch the Green campaign in the UAE
    • Jordan Environment Society Reuse Project
    • Morocco's Green Chip Project
    • CEDARE
  • Australia and Oceania: E-Waste R&R Overview
    • Victoria's Byteback Program
    • Microsoft Authorized Refurbisher Program in Australia
    • New Zealand Government Invests in E-waste Recycling Schemes

Chapter 7: Employment Opportunities

  • Variety of Employment Opportunities in the E-Waste Industry
  • About 8.3 Million Employed in E- Waste R&R Market
    • Table 7-1 Global E-Waste R&R Market: Employee Count In Millions (2006-2020)
  • Wide Range of Experience and Salary in E-Waste R&R Market
    • Table 7-2 E-Waste R&R Job Earnings and Educational Requirements In Developed Regions (By Occupation)
  • Increased E-Waste R&R Regulations Bode Well for Job Market
  • E-Waste R&R and Occupational Health
  • E-Waste Jobs Advertised on Internet Job Sites
  • ERI Holds Job Fair for New E-Waste Plant
  • TNEP Teams up with Griffith University for E-Waste Curriculum
  • Educational Opportunities in E-Waste

Chapter 8: Company Profiles

  • Wide Range of Companies in E-Waste R&R Industry
  • 1800 E-Waste Pty. Ltd.
    • Table 8-1 1800 E-Waste Pty. Ltd. Profile
    • Company Overview
  • Africa E-Waste
    • Table 8-2 Africa E-Waste Profile
    • Company Overview
  • American Retroworks, Inc.
    • Table 8-3 American Retroworks, Inc. Profile
    • Company Overview
  • Attero Recycling Pvt. Ltd.
    • Table 8-4 Attero Recycling Pvt. Ltd. Profile
    • Company Overview
  • Boliden A.B.
    • Table 8-5 Boliden A.B. Profile
    • Company Overview
    • Boliden's Performance
  • California Electronic Asset Recovery, Inc.
    • Table 8-6 California Electronic Asset Recovery, Inc. Profile
    • Company Overview
  • Dowa Holdings Co. Ltd.
    • Table 8-7 Dowa Holdings Co. Ltd. Profile
    • Company Overview
    • Performance
  • Egyptian Electronic Recycling Co.
    • Table 8-8 Egyptian Electronic Recycling Co. Profile
    • Company Overview
  • Electronic Recyclers International, Inc.
    • Table 8-9 Electronic Recyclers International, Inc. Profile
    • Company Overview
  • Exitcom Recycling GmbH
    • Table 8-10 Exitcom Recycling GmbH Profile
    • Company Overview
  • Redemtech, Inc.
    • Table 8-11 Redemtech, Inc. Profile
    • Company Overview
  • Sims Recycling Solutions AB/Sims Metal Management Ltd.
    • Table 8-12 Sims Recycling Solutions AB Profile
    • Company Overview
  • NextStep Recycling
    • Table 8-13 NextStep Recycling Profile
    • Company Overview
  • Nonprofit Technology Resources, Inc.
    • Table 8-14 Nonprofit Technology Resources, Inc. Profile
    • Company Overview
  • Umicore SA/NV
    • Table 8-15 Umicore SA/NV Profile
    • Company Overview
  • Waste Management, Inc.
    • Table 8-16 Waste Management, Inc. Profile
    • Company Overview
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