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Fuel Efficient Internal Combustion Engine (ICE) Technologies Worldwide

Fuel Efficient Internal Combustion Engine Global Markets

Internal combustion engines (ICEs) power our cars, trucks, big rigs, trains, generator sets, ships, and a host of other applications worldwide. Unfortunately, conventional ICEs boast low efficiency - most convert only 30% of fuel into usable work, and that is under optimal conditions. When accounting for idling and sub-optimal speeds, efficiency drops to 15 to 20%. That means, for every gallon of fuel placed into the engine, only 15 to 20% of the energy in that fuel is ever transferred into usable mechanical energy under typical conditions. The remaining 80 to 85% of energy contained in the fuel is wasted - wasted on friction, losses to heat, incomplete burning, and other inefficiencies characteristic of conventional ICEs.

Spurred by the current global focus on reducing carbon emissions, promoting sustainability, and enhancing energy use efficiency, global governments and industry leaders are driving strong interest, research, and investment in improving ICE efficiency. Companies as diverse as automaking giants Ford Motor Company and Toyota, to engine manufacturers in the U.S. and Europe, to a handful of tiny Silicon Valley and MIT associated startups, are pushing the efficiency envelope of ICEs.

Generally speaking, ICE efficiency measures come in two forms: (1) specialized components, add-ons, and auxiliary systems that are worked into the basic framework design of a conventional reciprocating internal combustion engine; and (2) highly modified or novel engine designs, which seek to re-engineer the internal combustion engine from the ground up, using alternative and novel designs and processes. Measures in the former group are being more widely pursued by the existing automotive and ICE production industries, where manufacturers are focusing on incremental design updates to conventional engines. These technologies include engine deactivation, cylinder deactivation, variable valve timing and lift, turbochargers and superchargers, direct fuel injection, smaller displacement motors, hybrid and partial hybrid systems, and homogeneous charge compression ignition. These measures apply to conventional designs with relatively little modification.

The second category of ICE energy efficiency measures provides a more radical break from convention, and is being forwarded primarily by various small and mid-sized start-ups and venture capital firms, alongside breakthrough-oriented government grants and other funding mechanisms. These endeavors significantly redesign internal combustion engines, and include redesigned combustion chambers, opposing piston designs, split cycle engine designs, opposed piston/opposed cyclinder engines, and updated rotary engine designs. Proponents and investors in these technologies are focusing on the larger industry's current lack of interest in breakthrough-oriented ICE technologies, and generating a race toward commercialization for potential new technologies.

Now is therefore an exciting time in the ICE engineering and technology industry. Mainstream industry investment in design upgrades will drive typical operating engine efficiency up from 15-20% to upwards of 30%. Some of the potential breakthrough/redesigned systems claim efficiencies upwards of 40 and 50%, although commercialization of these technologies has not yet been achieved. Accordingly, many industry insiders and durable goods manufacturers are banking on sharp increases in demand for energy efficient ICEs in the transportation and distributed generation industries worldwide. Expectations are driven by a lack of foreseeable near term technological maturity and competition from fuel cells, electric motors and batteries for transportation, and other envisioned high efficiency transport and distributed generation solutions. Thus, while the gap between demand for higher efficiency engines and available high efficiency technologies continues to widen, the ICE industry is betting on itself to fill that gap more quickly than fuel cells or other technologically immature solutions.

Demand for energy efficient ICEs has strengthened notably with the ongoing economic recovery. Following stagnation during the 2008 and 2009, efficient ICE demand rebounded strongly in 2010 and 2011, increasing from a total global value of $80 billion in 2009 to $121 billion in 2011. From 2006 through 2011, the market showed an overall increase of $70 billion, equivalent to a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of nearly 19%. Through 2021, the efficient ICE market is expected to expand significantly, in spite of near term softening in emerging markets. Specifically, the global market is expected to reach $401 billion by 2021, equivalent to a 10-year CAGR of nearly 13%.

The market expansion projected for efficient ICEs maintains strong roots in the automotive and light truck industries. Other key markets include ground transport, distributed power generation, marine transport, and industrial/mechanical uses, including mineral extraction, petroleum extraction, wastewater treatment, and many other industries where mechanical energy is not typically provided by electric motors. A significant advantage of these multiple drivers is that demand for efficient ICE technologies is resilient in comparison to goods that serve more limited markets. While the automotive and transport markets are highly competitive, other non-transport markets provide diverse niche opportunities that may be available to well-positioned start-ups.

Fuel Efficient Internal Combustion Engine Global Markets contains comprehensive data on the worldwide market for efficient ICE technologies (engine deactivation, cylinder deactivation, variable valve timing and lift, turbochargers and superchargers, direct fuel injection, homogeneous charge compression ignition, reduced displacement engines, hybrids and partial hybrids, split cycle engines, and opposed piston/opposed cylinder engine designs. Market data are provided for historic (2006 to 2011 Q3) and forecast (2011 Q4 to 2021) market size data in terms of the dollar value of product shipments. The report identifies key trends affecting the marketplace, along with trends driving growth, and central challenges to further market development. The report also profiles leading startups and established manufacturers of fuel efficient ICEs that are most relevant to the fuel efficient ICE industry.

What You'll Get in This Report

Fuel Efficient Internal Combustion Engines, Global Markets makes important predictions and recommendations regarding the near term and mid term future of this market. It pinpoints trends and market sectors that current and prospective industry players can capitalize upon to spearhead new products, support product expansion or diversification, and drive investment. It provides information with respect to select niche and specialty markets, which may function as breeding grounds for emerging technologies and product launches. No other market research report provides both comprehensive analysis and extensive, quality data that Fuel Efficient Internal Combustion Engines, Global Markets offers. Plus, you'll benefit from extensive data, presented in easy-to-read and practical charts, tables and graphs.

How You'll Benefit from This Report

If your company is already doing business in the fuel efficient ICE market, in associated manufacturing industries, or is considering making the leap, you will find this report invaluable, as it provides a comprehensive package of information and insight not offered in any other single source. Fuel efficient technology holders and developers, investors, marketers, midstream industry, and startups will also benefit from key insights into market structure, the supply chain, projects worldwide, and industry suppliers associated with fuel efficient ICE technologies. The report provides an extensive review of markets for fuel efficient ICEs, from 2006 as well as projects and trends through 2020.

This report will also help:

  • Marketing managers identify market opportunities and develop targeted promotion plans for efficient ICE technologies, components, materials, and end uses.
  • Research and development professionals stay on top of competitor initiatives and explore demand for efficient ICE technologies, components, materials, and associated services.
  • Business development executives, entrepreneurs, and venture capitalists understand the dynamics of the industry/market, identify possible partnerships, and evaluate the pros and cons of investment in the efficient ICE industry.
  • Advertising agencies working with clients in the ICE industry to understand the market for efficient ICE technologies, their application, and the product procurement and project construction process; to develop messages and images that compel consumers to invest in companies involved in the efficient ICE supply and product chains.
  • Information and research center librarians provide market researchers, brand and product managers and other colleagues with the vital information they need to do their jobs more effectively.

Table of Contents

Chapter 1 - Executive Summary

  • Scope
  • Global Fuel Usage and Efficiency
    • Figure 1-1: Realized Transportation Energy Efficiency Savings, Canada, 1990-2008 (Barrels of Oil Equivalent)
  • Internal Combustion Engines and Fuel Efficient Internal Combustion Engines
    • Figure 1-2: United States Car and Light Truck Fuel Efficiency Standards (CAFE), 1978-2010
  • Existing and Anticipated Applications
  • Fuel Efficient ICE Systems: System Descriptions and Requirements
    • Table 1-1: Overview of EICE Technologies
  • Environmental and Social Benefits of Fuel Efficient ICEs
    • Figure 1-3: Percent of Fuel Consumed for EICEs versus Conventional ICEs, Per Unit Output
  • EICE Market Assessment
    • Engine Deactivation
    • Cylinder Deactivation
    • Variable Valve Timing and Lift
    • Turbochargers and Superchargers
    • Direct Fuel Injection
    • Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition
    • Reduced Displacement Engine
    • Hybrid and Partial Hybrid
    • Split Cycle Engines
    • Opposed Piston/Opposed Cylinder Engines
    • Total EICE Market
      • Figure 1-4: Global Market for EICE Technologies (Billion US Dollars)
  • Industry Trends
    • Conventional ICE Cost Ranges
      • Figure 1-5: Engine Cost Ranges ($/Horsepower)
    • EICE Components Cost Ranges
      • Table 1-2: Additive Incremental Cost Data for EICE Systems, Based on Consumer Class Vehicles in the U.S. (Percent of Total Conventional ICE Cost)
    • Air Emissions Reduction
      • Table 1-3: Incremental CO2 Emission Reduction of Specialized Components and Auxiliary Systems Implementation
      • Figure 1-6: Vehicle Fuel Efficiency Standards for the U.S., European Union, Japan, and China, Including Enacted and Proposed Standards.
    • Balance of Power (Performance) and Efficiency
    • Research and Development
  • EICE Supply Chain
    • Figure 1-7: EICE Technologies Supply Chain
  • EICE Product Promotion
  • Job Creation
    • Table 1-4: Annual Worker Productivity Rates for EICE Technologies (Units Per Full Time Equivalent Per Year)
    • Figure 1-8: Annualized Jobs Creation for All EICE Technologies, 2007 to 2021e (Full Time Equivalent Jobs Created or Lost Per Year)
  • Competitive Profiles
  • EICE End Users
    • Table 1-5: EICE End User Categories
    • Figure 1-9: Per Capita Disposable Income, 2000 to 2010 (US Dollars)
  • Summary
    • Figure 1-10: Global Market for EICE Technologies (Billion US Dollars)

Chapter 2 - Overview of Fuel Efficient Internal Combustion Engines

  • Scope
  • Global Liquid Fuels Usage and Future Trends
  • Fuel Efficiency
    • Figure 2-1: Realized Transportation Energy Efficiency Savings, Canada, 1990-2008 (BOE)
  • Internal Combustion Engines: History and Applicability
  • Fuel Efficient Internal Combustion Engines
    • Figure 2-2: United States Car and Light Truck Fuel Efficiency Standards (CAFE), 1978-2010
  • Existing and Anticipated Applications
    • Figure 2-3: Annual Passenger and Commercial Vehicle Production Rates, 2000 to 2010
    • Transportation and Automotive Industry
    • Power Generation
    • Construction Equipment Industry
    • Industrial Applications
    • Energy Resource Extraction
    • Materials Extraction and Processing
    • Industrial Process
    • Other
  • Fuel Efficient ICE Systems: System Descriptions and Requirements
    • Table 2-1: Overview of EICE Technologies
    • Cylinder Deactivation
    • Variable Valve Timing and Lift
    • Turbochargers and Superchargers
    • Direct Fuel Injection
    • Smaller Displacement Engines
    • Hybrid and Partial Hybrid Systems
    • Novel System Designs
    • Split Cycle Engines
    • Opposed Piston/Opposed Cylinder Engines
    • High Efficiency Hybrid Cycle
    • Non-Engine Efficiency Technologies
  • Conventional Versus Efficient Internal Combustion Engines: Where to Draw the Line?
  • Environmental and Social Benefits of Fuel Efficient ICEs
    • Fuel Use Reduction and Cost Savings
      • Figure 2-4: Percent of Fuel Consumed for EICEs versus Conventional ICEs, Per Unit Output
    • Energy Security
    • Greenhouse Gas Benefits
  • Comparison to Other Competing Technologies
  • Summary

Chapter 3 - Fuel Efficient Engines - Market Size and Growth

  • Scope
  • Market Assessment Methodology
    • Market Projections for ICE and EICE Technologies
    • Disclosure Regarding Data Uncertainty
    • Additional Market Valuation Factors
  • Market Origins, History, and Present Trends
    • The ICE Market Since 1900
    • Emergence and Development of the EICE Market
    • Public Perceptions
    • Recent Market Strength
    • Growth in EICE Demand in Other Sectors
  • Factors Affecting Market Size and Growth
    • GHG emissions reduction requirements, targets, and strategies
    • Fuel Efficiency
      • Table 3-1: Fuel Efficiency Measures
      • Table 3-2: Regional and National Fuel Economy and GHG Emissions Standards Summary for On-Road Vehicles
    • Role of alternative Fuels
    • Role of competing technologies
    • Research and development
    • Trends in global industrialization and development
  • EICE Technologies Markets
    • Figure 3-1: Global ICE Sales, All Industries, 2006-2011e (Millions of Units)
    • Review of the Global ICE Market
    • Figure 3-2: Global ICE Sales, Non-Vehicle End Uses, 2006-2011e (Thousands of Units)
  • Global Market for Specialized Components and Auxiliary Systems
  • Engine Deactivation
    • Table 3-3: Global Engine Deactivation Market, Historic and Projected, 2006 to 2021e (Millions of US Dollars)
    • Figure 3-3: Engine Deactivation Global Market, 2006 to 2021e (Billions of US Dollars)
    • Figure 3-4: Engine Deactivation Global Market, Non-Vehicle Breakdown, 2006 to 2021e (Millions of US Dollars)
    • Figure 3-5: Engine Deactivation Regional Markets, 2006 to 2021e (Billions of US Dollars)
    • Figure 3-6: Engine Deactivation Key National Markets, 2006, 2011e, and 2021e (Millions of US Dollars)
  • Cylinder Deactivation
    • Table 3-4: Global Cylinder Deactivation Market, Historic and Projected, 2006 to 2021e (Millions of US Dollars)
    • Figure 3-7: Cylinder Deactivation Global Market, 2006 to 2021e (Billions of US Dollars)
    • Figure 3-8: Cylinder Deactivation Global Market, Non-Vehicle Breakdown, 2006 to 2021e (Millions of US Dollars)
    • Figure 3-9: Cylinder Deactivation Regional Markets, 2006 to 2021e (Billions of US Dollars)
    • Figure 3-10: Cylinder Deactivation Key National Markets, 2006, 2011e, and 2021e (Millions of US Dollars)
  • Variable Valve Timing and Lift
    • Table 3-5: Global Variable Valve Timing and Lift Market, Historic and Projected, 2006 to 2021e (Millions of US Dollars)
    • Figure 3-11: Variable Valve Timing and Lift Global Market, 2006 to 2021e (Billions of US Dollars)
    • Figure 3-12: Variable Valve Timing and Lift Global Market, Non-Vehicle Breakdown, 2006 to 2021e (Billions of US Dollars)
    • Figure 3-13: Variable Valve Timing and Lift Regional Markets, 2006 to 2021e (Billions of US Dollars)
    • Figure 3-14: Variable Valve Timing and Lift Key National Markets, 2006, 2011e, and 2021e (Billions of US Dollars)
  • Turbochargers and Superchargers
    • Table 3-6: Global Turbochargers Market, Historic and Projected, 2006 to 2021e (Millions of US Dollars)
    • Figure 3-15: Turbocharger Global Market, 2006 to 2021e (Billions of US Dollars)
    • Figure 3-16: Turbocharger Global Market, Non-Vehicle Breakdown, 2006 to 2021e (Billions of US Dollars)
    • Figure 3-17: Turbocharger Regional Markets, 2006 to 2021e (Billions of US Dollars)
    • Figure 3-18: Turbocharger Key National Markets, 2006, 2011e, and 2021e (Billions of US Dollars)
  • Direct Fuel Injection
    • Table 3-7: Global Direct injection Market, Historic and Projected, 2006 to 2021e (Millions of US Dollars)
    • Figure 3-19: Direct Injection Global Market, 2006 to 2021e (Billions of US Dollars)
    • Figure 3-20: Direct Injection Global Market, Non-Vehicle Breakdown, 2006 to 2021e (Billions of US Dollars)
    • Figure 3-21: Direct Injection Regional Markets, 2006 to 2021e (Billions of US Dollars)
    • Figure 3-22: Direct Injection Key National Markets, 2006, 2011e, and 2021e (Billions of US Dollars)
  • Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition
    • Table 3-8: Global HCCI Market, Historic and Projected, 2006 to 2021e (Millions of US Dollars)
    • Figure 3-23: HCCI Global Market, 2006 to 2021e (Billions of US Dollars)
    • Figure 3-24: HCCI Global Market, Non-Vehicle Breakdown, 2006 to 2021e (Millions of US Dollars)
    • Figure 3-25: HCCI Regional Markets, 2006 to 2021e (Billions of US Dollars)
    • Figure 3-26: HCCI Key National Markets, 2006, 2011e, and 2021e (Millions of US Dollars)
  • Reduced Displacement Engine
    • Table 3-9: Global Reduced Displacement Engine Market, Historic and Projected, 2006 to 2021e (Millions of US Dollars)
    • Figure 3-27: Reduced Displacement Engine Global Market, 2006 to 2021e (Billions of US Dollars)
    • Figure 3-28: Reduced Displacement Engine Global Market, Non-Vehicle Breakdown, 2006 to 2021e (Billions of US Dollars)
    • Figure 3-29: Reduced Displacement Engine Regional Markets, 2006 to 2021e (Billions of US Dollars)
    • Figure 3-30: Reduced Displacement Engine Key National Markets, 2006, 2011e, and 2021e (Billions of US Dollars)
  • Hybrid and Partial Hybrid
    • Table 3-10: Global Hybrid Market, Historic and Projected, 2006 to 2021e (Millions of US Dollars)
    • Figure 3-31: Hybrid Global Market, 2006 to 2021e (Billions of US Dollars)
    • Figure 3-32: Hybrid Global Market, Non-Vehicle Breakdown, 2006 to 2021e (Billions of US Dollars)
    • Figure 3-33: Hybrid Regional Markets, 2006 to 2021e (Billions of US Dollars)
    • Figure 3-34: Hybrid Key National Markets, 2006, 2011e, and 2021e (Billions of US Dollars)
  • Global Market for Novel System Designs
  • Split Cycle Engines
    • Table 3-11: Global Split Cycle Market, Historic and Projected, 2006 to 2021e (Millions of US Dollars)
    • Figure 3-35: Split Cycle Global Market, 2006 to 2021e (Billions of US Dollars)
    • Figure 3-36: Split Cycle Global Market, Non-Vehicle Breakdown, 2006 to 2021e (Billions of US Dollars)
    • Figure 3-37: Split Cycle Regional Market, 2006-2021e (Billions of US Dollars)
  • Opposed Piston/Opposed Cylinder Engines
    • Table 3-12: Global Opposed Piston/Opposed Cylinder Market, Historic and Projected, 2006 to 2021e (Millions of US Dollars)
    • Figure 3-38: Opposed Piston/Opposed Cylinder Global Market, 2006 to 2021e (Billions of US Dollars)
    • Figure 3-39: Split Cycle Global Market, Non-Vehicle Breakdown, 2006 to 2021e (Billions of US Dollars)
    • Figure 3-40: Regional Markets for Opposed Piston/Opposed Cylinder Technologies, 2006 to 2021e (Billions of US Dollars)
  • Summary
    • Figure 3-41: Global Market for EICE Technologies (Billion US Dollars)

Chapter 4 - Fuel Efficient Internal Combustion Engines - Market and Product Trends

  • Scope
  • EICE Product Pricing: Specialized Components and Auxiliary Systems
    • Conventional ICE Cost Range
      • Figure 4-1: Engine Cost Ranges ($/Horsepower)
      • Figure 4-2: Engine Cost Ranges (Detail for Light Duty and Transport Industries; $/Horsepower)
    • EICE Cost: Specialized Components and Auxiliary Systems
      • Table 4-1: Additive Incremental Cost Data for EICE Systems, Based on Consumer Class Vehicles in the U.S. (Percent of Total Conventional ICE Cost)
    • Engine Deactivation
      • Figure 4-3: Engine Deactivation Cost for a 215 HP Light Duty/Consumer Truck Engine (2011 Dollars)
    • Cylinder Deactivation
      • Figure 4-4: Cylinder Deactivation Cost for a 215 HP Light Duty/Consumer Truck Engine
    • Variable Valve Timing and Lift
      • Figure 4-5: Variable Valve Timing and Lift Cost for a 215 HP Light Duty/Consumer Truck Engine
    • Turbocharger or Supercharger
      • Figure 4-6: Turbocharger or Supercharger Cost for a 215 HP Light Duty/Consumer Truck Engine
    • Direct Fuel Injection
      • Figure 4-7: Direct Fuel Injection Cost for a 215 HP Light Duty/Consumer Truck Engine
    • Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition
      • Figure 4-8: Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition Cost for a 215 HP Light Duty/Consumer Truck Engine
    • Reduced Displacement Engine
      • Figure 4 - 9: Smaller Displacement Motor Cost for a Base 215 HP Light Duty/Consumer Truck Engine, with Application of 10% Capacity Reduction
    • Hybrid or Partial Hybrid
      • Figure 4-10: Hybrid or Partial Hybrid Cost Range for a 215 HP Light Duty/Consumer Truck Engine
    • EICE Product Trends and Pricing: Novel System Designs
    • Split Cycle Engines
    • Opposed Piston/Opposed Cylinder Engines
    • High Efficiency Hybrid Cycle
  • General Cost Factors
  • Industry Trends
    • Air Emissions Reduction: Greenhouse Gases
      • Figure 4-11: U.S. Domestic Greenhouse Gas Emissions: Fossil Fuel Combustion for Transportation and Total Annual Domestic Emissions
      • Table 4-2: Incremental CO2 Emission Reduction of Specialized Components and Auxiliary Systems Implementation
      • Figure 4-12: Vehicle Fuel Efficiency Standards for the U.S., European Union, Japan, and China, Including Enacted and Proposed Standards.
    • Air Emissions Reduction: Other Harmful Air Pollutants
      • Figure 4-13: Historic U.S. and European Light Duty Vehicle Emissions, Hydrocarbons and Nitrogen Oxides (grams/mile)
      • Figure 4-14: Historic U.S. and European Light Duty Vehicle Emissions, Carbon Monoxide (grams/mile)
      • Figure 4-15: Historic Trends in Emissions from New Diesel Engines Based on Applicable Standards in the U.S. (1970-2010).
    • Balance of Power (Performance) and Efficiency
  • Trends in Research and Development
  • Summary

Chapter 5 - Fuel Efficient Internal Combustion Engines - Supply Chain and Promotion

  • Scope
  • EICE Technologies Supply Chain
    • Overview of the EICE Technologies Supply Chain
      • Figure 5-1: EICE Technologies Supply Chain
    • Supply Chain Variants and Optimization
      • Figure 5-2: EICE Technologies: Supply Chain Variants
    • Supply Chain Greening
      • Table 5-1: Green Supply Chain Components
  • EICE Product Promotion
    • Promotion to Durable Goods Producers
    • Promotion to the End User
    • Promotion to Government and Regulators
  • Summary

Chapter 6 - Fuel Efficient Internal Combustion Engines - Job Creation Estimates

  • Scope
  • Modes of Job Creation and Methodology
    • Figure 6-1: U.S. Automotive Sector Productivity, Autos Produced per Worker Full Time Equivalent, 2000 to 2010e
    • Table 6-1: Annual Worker Productivity Rates for EICE Technologies (Units Per Full Time Equivalent Per Year)
  • Job Creation Projections
    • Variable Valve Timing and Lift
      • Figure 6-2: Annualized Jobs Creation and Loss Due To Variable Valve Timing and Lift Technology Production, 2007 to 2021e (Full Time Equivalent Jobs Created or Lost Per Year)
    • Turbochargers
      • Figure 6-3: Annualized Jobs Creation and Loss Due To Turbocharger Technology Production, 2007 to 2021e (Full Time Equivalent Jobs Created or Lost Per Year)
    • Direct Fuel Injection
      • Figure 6-4: Annualized Jobs Creation and Loss Due To Direct Injection Technology Production, 2007 to 2021e (Full Time Equivalent Jobs Created or Lost Per Year)
    • Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition
      • Figure 6-5: Annualized Jobs Creation and Loss Due To HCCI Technology Production, 2007 to 2021e (Full Time Equivalent Jobs Created or Lost Per Year)
    • Reduced Displacement Engines
      • Figure 6-6: Annualized Jobs Creation and Loss Due To HCCI Technology Production, 2007 to 2021e (Full Time Equivalent Jobs Created or Lost Per Year)
    • Hybrid Systems
      • Figure 6-7: Annualized Jobs Creation and Loss Due To Hybrid Systems Technology Production, 2007 to 2021e (Full Time Equivalent Jobs Created or Lost Per Year)
  • Summary
    • Figure 6-8: Annualized Jobs Creation for All EICE Technologies, 2007 to 2021e (Full Time Equivalent Jobs Created or Lost Per Year)
  • References

Chapter 7 - Competitive Profiles

  • Scope
  • Methodology and Selection of Profiles
  • Cargine
    • Overview
    • Performance
    • Product Portfolio
    • Company News and Developments
  • Chrysler
    • Overview
    • Performance
      • Figure 7-1: Chrysler Annual Revenues, 2007-2011e
    • Product Portfolio
    • Company News and Developments
  • Cummins
    • Overview
    • Performance
      • Figure 7-2: Cummins Annual Revenues, 2007-2011e
    • Product Portfolio
    • Company News and Developments
  • Daimler
    • Overview
    • Performance
    • Product Portfolio
      • Figure 7-3: Daimler Annual Revenues, 2007-2011e
    • Company News and Developments
  • Delphi Automotive Systems, LLC
    • Overview
    • Performance
    • Product Portfolio
    • Company News and Developments
  • Detroit Diesel Corporation
    • Overview
    • Performance
    • Product Portfolio
    • Company News and Developments
  • Ecomotors
    • Overview
    • Performance
    • Product Portfolio
    • Company News and Developments
  • Ford Motor Company
    • Overview
    • Performance
    • Product Portfolio
      • Figure 7-4: Ford Annual Revenues, 2007-2011e
    • Company News and Developments
  • General Electric
    • Overview
    • Performance
      • Figure 7-5: General Electric Annual Revenues, 2007-2011e
    • Product Portfolio
  • General Motors
    • Overview
    • Performance
      • Figure 7-6: General Motors Annual Revenues, 2007-2011e
    • Product Portfolio
    • Company News and Developments
  • Honeywell
    • Overview
    • Performance
    • Product Portfolio
    • Company News and Developments
      • Figure 7-7: Honeywell Annual Revenues, 2007-2011e
  • LiquidPiston
    • Overview
    • Performance
    • Product Portfolio
    • Company News and Developments
  • Navistar
    • Overview
    • Performance
      • Figure 7-8: Navistar Annual Revenues, 2007-2011e
    • Product Portfolio
    • Company News and Developments
  • Pinnacle
    • Overview
    • Performance
    • Product Portfolio
    • Company News and Developments
  • Revtec
    • Overview
    • Performance
    • Product Portfolio
    • Company News and Developments
  • Transonic Combustion
    • Overview
    • Performance
    • Product Portfolio
    • Company News and Developments
  • Volvo
    • Overview
    • Performance
      • Figure 7-9: Volvo Annual Revenues, 2007-2011e
    • Product Portfolio
    • Company News and Developments
  • Zajac Motors
    • Overview
    • Performance
    • Product Portfolio
    • Company News and Developments

Chapter 8 - Fuel Efficient Internal Combustion Engine End Users

  • Scope
  • Fuel Efficient ICE End Users
    • Table 8-1: EICE End User Categories
    • End Users for Consumer Durables
      • Figure 8-1: Per Capita Disposable Income, 2000 to 2010 (US Dollars)
      • Figure 8-2: U.S. Personal Consumption: Per Capita Spending on Motor Vehicles and Parts, 2000 to 2011e (2005 US Dollars)
      • Figure 8-3: Per Capita Disposable Income, 2000 to 2009 (US Dollars; China Urban Population Only)
    • End Users for the Transport Industry
    • End Users for Industrial Technologies
      • Figure 8-4: Industrial Productivity Index, Normalized to 2005 Industrial Productivity (2005 to 2011e)
    • End Users for Agriculture
      • Figure 8-5: Commodity Food Price Index, 2001 to 2011
  • Summary
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