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Thin Wafers, Temporary Bonding Equipment & Materials Market

Notes

Multi-user license: the report can be used by unlimited users within the company. Subsidiaries and Joint-Ventures are not included.

Memory, Logic, Power Devices & Image Sensors markets will drive the thin wafers market and related handling technologies

DESCRIPTION

WITH ALMOST ¾ OF THE TOTAL NUMBER OF WAFERS EXPECTED TO BE THINNED BY 2017, TEMPORARY BONDING MARKET WILL INCREASE IN THE COMING YEARS

This Yole Développement report describes why thinner wafers will be needed in the future, especially for consumer applications. Indeed, consumer electronics is a big driver for smaller, higher-performing, lower-cost device configurations for use in various applications, such as memory and wireless devices. These new configurations, in turn, are pushing demand for thin (< 100 μm) and even ultra-thin semiconductor wafers (below 40μm) with the following benefits:

  • Reduced thickness and thus thinner packages (in cell phones, packaged dies must be < 1.2mm thick; this number shrinks to1mm for smart phones)
  • Wafer thinning is the most efficient approach used for heat dissipation in thermal management
  • For 3D integration, thin wafers bring higher through Si vias density, as pitch and dimensions are becoming smaller

Thin wafer shipment 2011-2017 forecast in 300 mm eq.

Figure 1: Thin wafer forecast by application

However, as wafer thickness decreases to 100μm and below, manufacturing challenges arise. Ultra-thin wafers are less stable and more vulnerable to stress, and the die can be prone to breaking and warping - not only during grinding but also during subsequent processing steps. Yole Développement's report describes why special thin wafer handling processes (i.e. temporary bonding) are necessary, especially when wafers are dual-side processed or have high topographies.

This report deals not only with the thin wafers market and applications, but also with related processes, equipment, and materials for temporary bonding.

Thin wafer shipment forecasts are analyzed, as there is definitely a growing need for thin wafers (below 100 μm) for numerous applications: 3D ICs, MEMS, CMOS Image Sensors, Power Devices, LEDs, RF Devices, Memory & Logic, Interposers and Photovoltaic. The report shows that, by 2017, the ratio of THIN wafers vs. TOTAL number of wafers (in 300 mm eq.) will be 74%, corresponding to > 80M 12" eq. wafers.

Applications are also described in the report. The 2012 market drivers for thin wafers are 3D ICs, and also Power Devices and CIS BSI for ultra-thin wafers. Indeed, the BSI application is the big driver for ultra thin wafers; this application is currently booming. 2011 was a big year for 300 mm wafer bonding tools, thanks to BSI. This application requires ultra thin layers (< 10μ) on 12".

Forecasts by wafer thickness are analyzed in the report. In 2017, most of the 12" wafers will be 200μm thick for logic application; also, most of the thinned wafers will be in the 10-99μ thickness range. This includes memory, as well as interposers and power device applications.

CURRENTLY LOW IN VALUE, THE TEMPORARY BONDING EQUIPMENT MARKET WILL REACH US$250M BY 2017

Thin wafer handling will enjoy increased importance in the coming years, but as chips get thinner and wafer diameter increases, thinning/handling procedures are required. This implies development in wafer thinning, wafer dicing and wafer temporary bonding.

Yole Développement's report provides a temporary wafer bonding equipment forecast which shows that 10% of the total thin wafer shipment will experience a temporary bonding step by 2017. So, while temporary bonding equipment is still a small market today, it is expected to grow as the need for thin wafer handling grows. In fact, we estimate the market for temporary bonding tools to be more than $250M by 2017. Currently, shipped bonder/debonders are for Power and 3D ICs applications. However, we believe 3D ICs will become the predominant application for temporary bonders > 2015.

Thin wafer handling solutions

Figure 2: Thin wafer handling technologies

Temporary bonding implies know-how in process and chemistry, and an understanding of the final application requirements. Temporary bonding is a complex technology, requiring an interface material (sometimes called the “Magic” material) that is strong enough to withstand post-processing but which can be easily removed afterwards. As the main concern for temporary bonding materials (wax, tape or glue) is temperature stability, the material must be strong enough to withstand processing steps (metallization, etching, grinding). Another issue is the choice of carrier material. Carrier lifetime depends on its capability to withstand steps such as grinding, etc., and carrier lifetime should be at least tens of times, though this is not yet the case today.

Temporary bonders/debonders market value forecast

Figure 3: Temporary bonder/debonder forecast

WHAT'S NEW COMPARED TO THE 2011 REPORT?

Compared to the 2011 installment, this report now contains:

  • Updated thin wafers forecast 2011-2017
    • By application
    • By thickness
    • By wafer size
  • Updated players
    • New chapter on Power MOSFETs
    • Why thin wafers for power
    • Players
    • Roadmap
  • New chapter on Photovoltaic
    • Why thin wafers for PV
    • Players
    • Roadmap
  • New chapter on temporary bonding
    • Players
    • Technologies
    • Applications
    • Challenges
  • Equipment forecast 2011-2017
    • In units
    • In US$
    • By application
  • Temporary chemistry forecast 2011-2017

BENEFITS:

OBJECTIVES OF THE REPORT

  • Provide an understanding of the thin wafers application:
    • Overview of thin wafers applications: MEMS, CMOS Image Sensors, Memory, Power Devices, RF Devices, LEDs, Interposers, Photovoltaics
    • Thin wafers roadmap
  • Present market forecasts for thin wafers:
    • 2011-2017 Market Forecast in units and US$ for thin wafers
    • Detailed forecasts by application, wafer size and thickness
  • Analyze wafer thinning trends, with a focus on temporary bonding
  • Market Forecasts for temporary bonding in US$ value and number of equipment:
    • By application
    • By wafer size
  • Market Forecast for temporary bonding chemistry
  • Overview of the different temporary bonding approaches, i.e.:
    • Without carrier:
      • TAIKO
      • DoubleCheck Semiconductors
    • With Carrier:
      • UV laser released
      • Electrostatic
      • Thermal release
      • Mechanical release
      • Chemical release
  • Temporary bonding trends
  • Thinning trends
  • Dicing trends
  • Description of the applications for temporary wafer bonding, including main characteristics and challenges

COMPANY INDEX

1366 Technologies, 3M, AAC, ABB, Accretech, ADI, AGC, ALSI, Altera, AMAT, AMD, Amkor, Ampulse, ANJI, Aptina / Micron, ASE, AstroWatt, Avago, Brewer Science, Cabot, Canon, Corning, Cree, Crystal Solar, Dalsa, Danfoss, Discera, Disco, Dongjin, DoubleCheck Semiconductors, Dupont, Dynatex, Ebara, EM Marin, Epistar, Epoxy Technologies, ERS, ESI, EVG, Fairchild, Fraunhofer IZM, Freescale, GCL Solar, Hamamatsu, Hitachi Chemical, Hynix, IBM, Imec, Infineon, Intel, International Rectifier, Invensense, Ipdia, LDK, Leti, LG Innotek, Lintec, Lumileds, MEMC, Micron, Misui Chemical, Mitsubishi Electric, Nichia, Nitronex, Nitta Corp., Nitto Denko, Okamoto, Omnivision, ON Semi, Osram, Panasonic, PlanOptik, Protec, Qualcomm, REC, Renesas, ReneSola, RFMD, Robert Bosch, Roockwood, S'Tile, Samsung, SanRex, Schott, Sensonor, Seoul Semiconductor, Shinko, Sigen, Silex, Skyworks, Solarforce, SPIL, STMicroelectronics, Strasbaugh, STATSChipPAC, Sumitomo Chemical, SUSS MicroTEC, Synova, Taiko, Tekcore, TEL, TMAT, TOK, Toyoda Gosei, Triquint, Twincreeks, VisEra, WLCSP, Xilinx, Xintec, Yushin.

BIOs

Dr. Eric Mounier has a PhD in microelectronics from the INP in Grenoble. Since 1998 he is a co-founder of Yole Développement, a market research company based in France. He is in charge of market analysis for MEMS, equipment & material. He is Chief Editor of Micronews, and MEMS'Trends magazines.

Amandine Pizzagalli joined Yole Développement Advanced Packaging and MEMS manufacturing teams after gradua-ting as an engineer in Electronics, with a specialization in Semiconductors and Nano Electronics Technologies. She worked in the past for Air Liquide with an emphasis on CVD and ALD processes for semiconductor applications.

Table of Contents

  • Table of contents
  • Why this report
  • What is new compared to 2011 report
  • List of companies mentioned in the report
  • Executive summary
  • THIN WAFERS
  • 2011-2017 thin wafer market forecasts
    • Thinned wafers vs. TOT number of shipped wafers
    • Thin wafers shipment in 300 mm eq
    • 2011-2017 thin wafer shipment forecast by application in units
    • In US$
    • 2011-2017 thin wafer shipment forecast by wafer diameter in units
    • In US$
    • 2011-2017 thin wafer shipment forecast by wafer thickness in units
    • In US$
    • 2011 Thickness Breakdown
    • 2017 Thickness Breakdown
  • Description of applications
    • TOP Thin wafers processors
    • Thin wafers processors production ranking
    • Thin wafers processors by application
    • Thin wafer processing geographical breakdown
    • Grinding players
    • MEMS
    • CMOS Image Sensors
    • Memory & Logic
    • Power Devices
    • RF Devices (GaAs)
    • LEDs
    • Advanced Packaging
    • Photovoltaic
  • THIN WAFERS HANDLING
  • Temporary bonders/Carriers/Materials forecast
    • Temporary bonded wafers forecast
    • Temporary bonders forecast in $M/units
    • Temporary bonders forecast by wafer size
    • Temporary bonding materials forecast
    • Est 2011 temporary bonding players market share
  • Thin wafer handling: the different solutions
    • Wafer handling with carrier: temporary bonding
    • The different temporary bonding techniques 170
      • Thermal plastic release
      • Mechanical release
      • ZoneBOND
      • YAG laser release
      • Excimer laser release
      • Chemical release
    • Temporary bonding materials
      • The “Magic” material
      • Carriers
    • Wafer handling with carrier: electrostatic carrier
    • Wafer handling without carrier
    • Wafer handling with ring technology
    • Wafer thinning
    • Wafer dicing
  • Final conclusions
Show More
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