Established in 1930, the initials PIRA originally stood for the Printing Industry Research Association. The aim of the organization was to be "a technical research bureau for the pooling of technical information and to conduct scientific investigation of technical problems" for the printing industry. In December 2010 Pira became part of The Smithers Group. Headquartered in Akron, Ohio, The Smithers Group of companies provides technology-based services focused on defined markets. Sharing many of the values and goals Pira has, all Smithers companies are known by their clients as Trusted Providers of Innovative Solutions. By integrating science, technology and business expertise, Smithers goal is to add value throughout the life cycle of clients' products, by utilizing testing, consulting, information and compliance services.