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Market Research Report

Merchant Hydrogen: Industrial Gas and Energy Markets

Published by BCC Research Product code 228020
Published Content info 155 Pages
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Merchant Hydrogen: Industrial Gas and Energy Markets
Published: November 26, 2018 Content info: 155 Pages
Description

Report Highlights:

The global production of merchant hydrogen should grow from 8.61 million metric tons in 2018 to reach 11.81 million metric tons by 2023 at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 6.5% for the period of 2018-2023.

U.S. production of merchant hydrogen should grow from 4.85 million metric tons in 2018 to reach $6.76 million metric tons by 2023 at a CAGR of 6.9% for the period of 2018-2023.

China production of merchant hydrogen should grow from 0.52 million metric tons in 2018 to reach 0.81 million metric tons by 2023 at a CAGR of 9.3% for the period of 2018-2023.

Report Scope:

This BCC Research study focuses on key hydrogen technologies and applications. It provides data about the size and growth of both captive and merchant hydrogen markets, lists company profiles and discusses patent trends and industry trends. Cutting-edge developments, research priorities and potential business opportunities are a key focus.

The report includes the following -

  • Investigation and assessment of the future use of merchant hydrogen as an industrial gas and the roles likely played by the emerging hydrogen energy market.
  • Analysis of trends in the market, with data for 2017, estimates for 2018 and projected compound annual growth rates through 2023.
  • An overview of the structure of the industry and extensive company profiles of the leading organizations.
  • Detailed analyses of research focus, end-use markets and production technologies.
  • Analysis of patent and intellectual property activity.

Report Includes:

  • 29 data tables and 12 additional tables
  • An overview of the global market for merchant hydrogen
  • Analysis of trends in the market, with data for 2017, estimates for 2018 and projected compound annual growth rates through 2023.
  • Coverage of cutting-edge development areas such as biological processing and localized production, research focus, end-use markets, and production technologies
  • Assessment of patent and intellectual property (IP) activities
  • Evaluation of the future use of merchant hydrogen and on-site distributed generation
  • Company profiles of the leading players in the industry, including Airgas, Inc., Air Liquide, Air Products and Chemicals, Inc., Linde AG and Praxair, Inc.
Table of Contents
Product Code: CHM042D

Table of Contents

Chapter 1: Introduction

  • Study Goals and Objectives
  • Reasons for Doing This Study
  • Scope of Report
  • Information Sources
  • Methodology
  • Geographic Breakdown
  • Analyst's Credentials
  • BCC Custom Research
  • Related BCC Research Reports

Chapter 2: Summary and Highlights

Chapter 3: Market and Technology Background

  • Hydrogen
  • Market Size and Segmentation
    • Global Production of Hydrogen
    • Industrial Hydrogen Market Segments
    • Merchant Hydrogen Segment
  • Large-Scale Merchant Hydrogen Production Technologies
    • Steam Methane Reformation of Natural Gas
    • Coal Gasification
  • Distributed Hydrogen Production
    • Reformation of Bio-Derived Liquids
    • Coal and Biomass Gasification
    • Compact Autothermal and Fuel Cell Generators
  • Merchant Market Delivery Modes
    • Delivery State: Liquefaction and Gasification
  • Economics
    • Plant Capital Costs
    • Role in Oil Refinery Cost
    • Hydrogen as an Energy Fuel
    • Pipeline Economics
    • Merchant Hydrogen Costs and End Users

Chapter 4: Global Merchant Hydrogen Markets

  • Summary
  • European Market
    • European Production
    • E.U. Pipelines
  • China

Chapter 5: U.S. Merchant Hydrogen Demand

  • Merchant Industrial Hydrogen End-User Segments
    • Oil Refining
    • Food Industry/Edible Oil
    • Chemical Industry
    • Steel Industry/Metallurgy
    • Electronics Industry
    • Glass Processing Industry
    • Power Industry
    • Research and Development Demand
  • U.S. Merchant Hydrogen Demand Forecast
  • Hydrogen Energy Market Drivers
    • Environmental Benefits of Hydrogen
    • Advances in Fuel Cell Technology
    • Development of Fueling Infrastructure
    • Distributed Hydrogen Production Systems
  • High-Purity Hydrogen Market
  • Government-Supported Hydrogen Initiatives
    • Government Initiatives

Chapter 6: U.S. Merchant Production

  • Location of U.S. Hydrogen Refinery Capacity
  • Location of U.S. Merchant Hydrogen Plants
  • Hydrogen from Renewable Resources

Chapter 7: Merchant Hydrogen Technology Development

  • Overview
  • Principal Technologies
    • Thermal Processes
    • Electrolytic Processes
    • Photolytic Processes
    • Other Types of Process
  • Emerging Production Technologies
    • Advanced Membrane Technology
    • Plasma Reforming
    • Hydrogen via Wastewater Remediation
    • Direct Sunlight-to-Hydrogen Conversion
  • Catalysts
    • Oxygen and Hydrogen Evolution Reaction Catalysts
    • Atomically Dispersed Platinum Catalyst
    • Molybdenum Sulfide as Platinum Catalyst Replacement
    • Stanford Nickel Iron Catalyst
    • Nanostructured Nickel Hydroxide

Chapter 8: Merchant Hydrogen Delivery Modes

  • Pipelines
    • New Hydrogen Pipeline Materials
    • Mixed Hydrogen/Natural Gas Pipelines
  • Tank Trucks, Railcars, Barges
  • Tube Trailers
  • On-Site Production

Chapter 9: Hydrogen Storage

  • Principal Technologies
    • Direct Storage of Hydrogen
    • Hydrocarbons
    • Ammonia Storage
    • Metal Hydrides
    • Zeolites
    • Other Nanostructured Materials
    • Other Storage Technologies

Chapter 10: Patents

  • Summary of Patent Activity
    • Hydrogen Production
    • Storage
    • Bulk Distribution
    • Fuel Cells
    • Direct Combustion of Hydrogen
    • Hydrogen Sensors
  • Sample Patents

Chapter 11: Industry Structure and Company Profiles

  • Engineering Services
    • AMEC FOSTER WHEELER LTD.
    • TECHNIPFMC
    • UHDE GMBH
  • Industrial Gas Providers
    • AIRGAS, INC.
    • AIR LIQUIDE
    • AIR PRODUCTS AND CHEMICALS, INC.
    • EQUISTAR CHEMICALS LP
    • GENERAL HYDROGEN CORP.
    • IWATANI INTERNATIONAL CORP.
    • LINDE AG
    • PRAXAIR, INC.
    • SINOPEC
    • UNITED HYDROGEN GROUP
  • Refiners and Refineries
    • AMEC FOSTER WHEELER LTD.
    • ANDEAVOR
    • BP PLC
    • CHEVRON CORP.
    • CONOCOPHILLIPS
    • EXXON MOBIL CORP.
    • FLINT HILLS RESOURCES
    • MARKWEST JAVELINA
    • MOTIVA ENTERPRISES LLC
    • ROYAL DUTCH SHELL PLC
    • SHELL DEER PARK REFINING
    • VALERO ENERGY CORP.
  • Fuel Cells
    • BALLARD POWER SYSTEMS
    • BLOOM ENERGY CORP.
    • CERAMATEC
    • FUEL CELL ENERGY, INC.
    • HYDROGENICS CORP.
    • MITSUBISHI HITACHI POWER SYSTEMS LTD.
    • PLUG POWER LLC
  • Vehicles
    • ASIA PACIFIC FUEL CELL TECHNOLOGIES LTD.
    • BAYERISCHE MOTOREN WERKE AG
    • HYUNDAI MOTORS
    • MAGNA STEYR AG & CO. KG
    • MERITOR, INC.
    • TOYOTA MOTORS
    • US FUEL CELL
  • Electrolyzers and Distributed Reformers
    • ACTA SPA
    • INTELLIGENT ENERGY
    • ITM POWER PLC
    • NEL HYDROGEN AS
    • NUVERA FUEL CELLS LLC
    • PROTON ONSITE, INC.
  • Hydrogen Purification and Sensors
    • ELEMENT ONE
    • H2SCAN
    • HY9 CORP.
    • MAKEL ENGINEERING, INC.
    • MEMBRANE TECHNOLOGY AND RESEARCH, INC.
    • XEBEC ADSORPTION, INC.
  • Catalysts
    • ACTA SPA
    • E. I. DU PONT DE NEMOURS AND CO.
    • HALDOR TOPSOE A/S
    • MEMBRANE TECHNOLOGY AND RESEARCH, INC.
    • NANOMIX, INC
  • Storage
    • PLASTIC OMNIUM GROUP
    • QUANTUM FUEL SYSTEMS TECHNOLOGIES WORLDWIDE, INC.
    • LUXFER GROUP LTD.
    • TOSHIBA CORP.
  • Start-Ups and R&D
    • ADVANCED MATERIALS CORP.
    • ALUMIFUEL POWER CORP.
    • BATELLE MEMORIAL INSTITUTE
    • DIVERSIFIED ENERGY CORP.
    • EPRIDA TECHNOLOGIES
    • ETUDES CHEMIQUES ET PHYSIQUES SARL
    • GAS TECHNOLOGY INSTITUTE
    • GENERAL ATOMICS
    • HCE LLC
    • HTC PURENERGY
    • INNOVATEK, INC.
    • JETSTREAM ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
    • MO-SCI CORP.
    • NATIONAL CENTER FOR HYDROGEN TECHNOLOGY
    • POWERTECH LABS, INC.
    • SECAT, INC.
    • SOTACARBO SPA
    • YANGTZE ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES, INC.

Chapter 12: Appendix: Glossary and Acronyms

List of Tables

  • Summary Table: Global Production of Merchant Hydrogen, by Country/Region, Through 2023
    • Table 1: Hydrogen Production Feedstocks
    • Table 2: Global Hydrogen Production, by Segment, 2017
    • Table 3: U.S. Share of Merchant Hydrogen Production, by Industry Type, 2017
    • Table 4: North American Share of Merchant Hydrogen Capacity, by Company, 2017
    • Table 5: Global Market Share of Merchant Market Delivery Modes, by Sector, 2017
    • Table 6: Hydrogen's Share of Oil Refinery Fixed and Variable Operating Costs, 2017
    • Table 7: Global Production of Merchant Hydrogen, by Country/Region, Through 2023
    • Table 8: Global Production Share for End Uses of Hydrogen, by Country/Region, 2017
    • Table 9: E.U. Merchant Hydrogen Production, 2004-2014
    • Table 10: E.U. Merchant Hydrogen Production, Through 2023
    • Table 11: Merchant Liquid and Compressed Gas Hydrogen Production in the E.U., by Company and Location, 2017
    • Table 12: E.U. Hydrogen Pipeline, by Country, 2017
    • Table 13: E.U. Hydrogen Pipeline, by Company, 2017
    • Table 14: Chinese Consumption of Hydrogen, by End Use, 2017
    • Table 15: U.S. Merchant Hydrogen Production, by End Use, Through 2023
    • Table 16: U.S. Department of Energy Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Funding, Fiscal Years, 2004-2017
    • Table 17: U.S. Fuel Cell Bus Projects as of August 2017
    • Table 18: R&D Areas for Distributed Hydrogen Production
    • Table 19: U.S. Department of Energy Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Funding, Fiscal Years, 2004-2016
    • Table 20: U.S. Refinery Hydrogen Production Capacity, by State, 2016
    • Table 21: Merchant Liquid and Compressed Gas Hydrogen Production Capacity in the U.S., Canada and Mexico, by Company and Location, 2016
    • Table 22: Approaches to Using Renewable Power to Produce Hydrogen, by Project Category
    • Table 23: Sample of U.S. Renewables-Based Hydrogen Production Pilot Projects, 2017
    • Table 24: Thermal Processes for Hydrogen Production
    • Table 25: Electrolytic Processes for the Production of Hydrogen
    • Table 26: Photolytic Processes for the Production of Hydrogen
    • Table 27: Typical Hydrogen Sale Quantities
    • Table 28: U.S. Hydrogen Pipeline, by State, 2006-2016
    • Table 29: U.S. Hydrogen Pipeline, by Owner, 2016
    • Table 30: U.S. Department of Energy Targets for On-Board Hydrogen Storage Systems, 2020 and 2025
    • Table 31: Hydrogen Storage Technologies
    • Table 32: Distribution of Hydrogen Patents, by Major Field of Application, 1975-June 15, 2018
    • Table 33: U.S. Hydrogen Production Patents Issued, by Technology Type, 1975-June 15, 2018
    • Table 34: Major Hydrogen Production Intellectual Property Portfolios Issued, 1975-June 15, 2018
    • Table 35: U.S. Hydrogen Storage Patents Issued, by Technology Type, 1975-June 15, 2018
    • Table 36: Major Hydrogen Storage Intellectual Property Portfolios Issued, 1975-June 15, 2018
    • Table 37: U.S. Hydrogen Transmission and Distribution Technology Patents Issued, by Technology Type, 1975-June 15, 2018
    • Table 38: U.S. Fuel Cell Patents Issued, by Technology Type, 1975-June 15, 2018
    • Table 39: Major Fuel Cell Intellectual Property Portfolios of U.S. Hydrogen Storage Patents Issued, 1975-June 15, 2018
    • Table 40: Holders of U.S. Hydrogen Sensor Patents Issued, by Company, 1975-June 15, 2018

List of Figures

  • Summary Figure: Global Production of Merchant Hydrogen, by Country/Region, 2017-2023
    • Figure 1: Global Hydrogen Production Trends, 2017-2023
    • Figure 2: U.S. Merchant Hydrogen Demand, 2017-2023
    • Figure 3: U.S. Department of Energy Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Funding, Fiscal Years, 2008-2016
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