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Market Research Report

Merchant Hydrogen: Industrial Gas and Energy Markets

Published by BCC Research Product code 955509
Published Content info 174 Pages
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Merchant Hydrogen: Industrial Gas and Energy Markets
Published: August 25, 2020 Content info: 174 Pages
Description

Highlights:

The global production of merchant hydrogen should grow from 8.13 million metric tons in 2020 to 13.57 million metric tons by 2025, at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 10.8% for the period of 2020-2025.

The U.S production of merchant hydrogen should grow from 4.88 million metric tons in 2020 to 7.40 million metric tons by 2025 at a CAGR of 8.7% through 2025.

The E.U production of merchant hydrogen should grow from 1.79 million metric tons in 2020 to 3.74 million metric tons by 2025 at a CAGR of 15.9% through 2025.

Report Scope:

This BCC Research study focuses on key hydrogen technologies and applications. It provides data about the size and growth of both captive and merchant hydrogen markets, lists company profiles, and discusses patent trends and industry trends. Cutting-edge developments, research priorities and potential business opportunities are key foci.

The report includes the following -

  • Investigation and assessment of the future use of merchant hydrogen as an industrial gas and the roles likely played by the emerging hydrogen energy market.
  • Analysis of trends in the market, with data for 2019, estimates for 2020 and projected compound annual growth rates through 2025.
  • An overview of the structure of the industry and extensive company profiles of the leading organizations.
  • Detailed analyses of research focus, end-use markets and production technologies.
  • Analysis of patent and intellectual property activity.
  • Market drivers, restraints and opportunities.
  • Initiatives of various regions to develop the hydrogen economy.
  • Analysis of delivery and storage methods for hydrogen.

Report Includes:

  • 48 tables
  • A brief overview of the global market for merchant hydrogen technologies within the energy sector
  • Analyses of the global market trends, with data corresponding to market size for 2019, estimates for 2020, and projections of compound annual growth rates (CAGRs) through 2025
  • State-of-the-art trends observed in fuel cell technology as it is one of the fastest growing segments in the merchant hydrogen application areas and a shift towards Green Hydrogen
  • New Federal & States incentives and laws supporting utilization of hydrogen and FCV in the U.S.
  • Policy Recommendations from IRENA, and economy diversification measures as apart of hydrogen economy by middle eastern states
  • Latest information on market opportunities for merchant hydrogen and its future use as an industrial gas and the roles likely played by the emerging hydrogen energy market
  • Industry value chain analysis of the merchant hydrogen energy market providing a systematic study of key intermediaries involved, which could expedite stakeholders in formulating appropriate strategies
  • Emphasis on the current and emerging applications of merchant hydrogen and its on-site distributed generation
  • Insight into the major breakthrough development areas such as biological processing and localized production, research focus, end-use markets, and production technologies
  • Profile description of major market players including Amec Foster Wheeler Ltd., Air Liquide, Iwatani International Corp., Linde Ag, Exxon Mobil Corp., Ceramatec, Hydrogenics Corp., and Mitsubishi Hitachi Power Systems Ltd.
Table of Contents
Product Code: CHM042E

Table of Contents

Chapter 1: Introduction

  • Study Goals and Objectives
  • What's New in This Update
  • Reasons for Doing This Study
  • Scope of Report
  • Information Sources
  • Methodology
  • Geographic Breakdown
  • Analyst's Credentials
  • BCC Custom Research
  • Related BCC Research Reports

Chapter 2: Summary and Highlights

Chapter 3: Market and Technology Background

  • Hydrogen
  • Market Size and Segmentation
    • Global Production of Hydrogen
    • Industrial Hydrogen Market Segments
    • Merchant Hydrogen Segment
  • Large-Scale Merchant Hydrogen Production Technologies
    • Steam Methane Reformation of Natural Gas
    • Coal Gasification
  • Distributed Hydrogen Production
    • Reformation of Bio-derived Liquids
    • Coal and Biomass Gasification
    • Compact Autothermal and Fuel Cell Generators
  • Merchant Market Delivery Modes
    • Delivery State: Liquefaction and Gasification
  • Economics
    • Plant Capital Costs
    • Role in Oil Refinery Cost
    • Hydrogen as an Energy Fuel
    • Pipeline Economics
    • Merchant Hydrogen Costs and End Users

Chapter 4: Global Merchant Hydrogen Markets

  • Summary
  • European Market
    • European Production
    • E.U. Pipelines
  • China
    • China Hydrogen Production and Supply
  • Australia
  • Policy Recommendation from IRENA at Second Hydrogen Energy Ministerial Meeting

Chapter 5: U.S. Merchant Hydrogen Demand

  • Merchant Industrial Hydrogen End-User Segments
    • Oil Refining
    • Food Industry/Edible Oil
    • Chemical Industry
    • Steel Industry/Metallurgy
    • Electronics Industry
    • Glass Processing Industry
    • Power Industry
    • Research and Development Demand
  • U.S. Merchant Hydrogen Demand Forecast
  • Hydrogen Energy Market Drivers
    • Environmental Benefits of Hydrogen
    • Advances in Fuel Cell Technology
    • Development of Fueling Infrastructure
    • Distributed Hydrogen Production Systems
  • High-Purity Hydrogen Market
  • Government-Supported Hydrogen Initiatives
    • Government Initiatives
    • Federal Initiatives
    • State Initiatives
    • Regional Initiatives

Chapter 6: U.S. Merchant Production

  • Location of U.S. Hydrogen Refinery Capacity
  • Location of U.S. Merchant Hydrogen Plants
  • Hydrogen from Renewable Resources
    • 2020 Update

Chapter 7: Merchant Hydrogen Technology Development

  • Overview
  • Principal Technologies
    • Thermal Processes
    • Electrolytic Processes
    • Photolytic Processes
    • Other Types of Process
  • Emerging Production Technologies
    • Advanced Membrane Technology
    • Plasma Reforming
    • Hydrogen via Wastewater Remediation
    • Direct Sunlight-to-Hydrogen Conversion
  • Catalysts
    • Oxygen and Hydrogen Evolution Reaction Catalysts
    • Atomically Dispersed Platinum Catalyst
    • Molybdenum Sulfide as Platinum Catalyst Replacement
    • Stanford Nickel Iron Catalyst
    • Nanostructured Nickel Hydroxide
    • A shift toward Production of Green Hydrogen-Global Developments in Electrolyte Technology and Storage

Chapter 8: Merchant Hydrogen Delivery Modes

  • Pipelines
    • New Hydrogen Pipeline Materials
    • Mixed Hydrogen/Natural Gas Pipelines
  • Tank Trucks, Railcars, Barges
  • Tube Trailers
    • On-Site Production

Chapter 9: Hydrogen Storage

  • Principal Technologies
    • Direct Storage of Hydrogen
    • Hydrocarbons
    • Zeolites

Chapter 10: Patents

  • Summary of Patent Activity
    • Hydrogen Production
    • Hydrogen Storage
    • Bulk Distribution
    • Fuel Cells
    • Direct Combustion of Hydrogen
    • Hydrogen Sensors
  • Sample Patents

Chapter 11: Industry Structure and Company Profiles

  • Engineering Services
  • AMEC FOSTER WHEELER LTD./WOOD. PLC
  • TECHNIPFMC
  • UHDE GMBH
  • Industrial Gas Providers
  • AIRGAS, INC-AN AIR LIQUIDE COMPANY
  • AIR LIQUIDE
  • AIR PRODUCTS AND CHEMICALS, INC.
  • EQUISTAR CHEMICALS LP
  • GENERAL HYDROGEN CORP.
  • IWATANI INTERNATIONAL CORP.
  • LINDE AG
  • PRAXAIR, INC.- A WHOLLY OWNED SUBSIDIARY OF LINDE PLC
  • SINOPEC MAOMING CO.
  • UNITED HYDROGEN GROUP (NOW AQUIRED BY PLUG POWER INC.)
  • Refiners and Refineries
  • AMEC FOSTER WHEELER LTD. (WOOD. PLC)
  • ANDEAVOR
  • BP PLC
  • CHEVRON CORP.
  • CONOCOPHILLIPS
  • EXXON MOBIL CORP.
  • FLINT HILLS RESOURCES
  • MARKWEST JAVELINA
  • MOTIVA ENTERPRISES LLC
  • ROYAL DUTCH SHELL PLC
  • SHELL DEER PARK REFINING
  • VALERO ENERGY CORP.
  • Fuel Cells
  • BALLARD POWER SYSTEMS
  • BLOOM ENERGY CORP.
  • CERAMATEC
  • FUEL CELL ENERGY, INC.
  • GRZ TECHNOLOGIES SA
  • HYDROGENICS CORP.
  • MITSUBISHI HITACHI POWER SYSTEMS LTD.
  • PLUG POWER LLC
  • PRAGMA INDUSTRIES
  • Vehicles
  • ASIA PACIFIC FUEL CELL TECHNOLOGIES LTD.
  • BAYERISCHE MOTOREN WERKE AG
  • HYUNDAI MOTORS
  • MAGNA STEYR AG & CO. KG
  • MERITOR, INC.
  • TOYOTA MOTORS
  • US FUEL CELL
  • Electrolyzers and Distributed Reformers
  • ACTA SPA
  • INTELLIGENT ENERGY
  • ITM POWER PLC
  • NEL HYDROGEN AS
  • NUVERA FUEL CELLS LLC
  • PROTON ONSITE, INC.
  • Hydrogen Purification and Sensors
  • ELEMENT ONE
  • H2SCAN
  • HY9 CORP.
  • MAKEL ENGINEERING, INC.
  • MEMBRANE TECHNOLOGY AND RESEARCH, INC.
  • XEBEC ADSORPTION, INC.
  • Catalysts
  • ACTA SPA
  • E. I. DU PONT DE NEMOURS AND CO.
  • HALDOR TOPSOE A/S
  • MEMBRANE TECHNOLOGY AND RESEARCH, INC.
  • NANOMIX, INC.
  • Storage
  • LUXFER GROUP LTD.
  • PLASTIC OMNIUM GROUP
  • QUANTUM FUEL SYSTEMS TECHNOLOGIES WORLDWIDE, INC.
  • TOSHIBA CORP.
  • Start-Ups and R&D
  • ADVANCED MATERIALS CORP.
  • ALUMIFUEL POWER CORP.
  • BATELLE MEMORIAL INSTITUTE
  • DIVERSIFIED ENERGY CORP.
  • ERGOSUP
  • ELECTROCHAEA
  • EPRIDA TECHNOLOGIES
  • ETUDES CHEMIQUES ET PHYSIQUES SARL
  • GAS TECHNOLOGY INSTITUTE
  • GENERAL ATOMICS
  • HELIOGEN
  • HCE LLC
  • HTC PURENERGY
  • INNOVATEK, INC.
  • JETSTREAM ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
  • MO-SCI CORP.
  • NATIONAL CENTER FOR HYDROGEN TECHNOLOGY
  • POWERTECH LABS, INC.
  • SECAT, INC.
  • SOTACARBO SPA
  • YANGTZE ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES, INC.

Chapter 12: Appendix: Glossary and Acronyms

List of Tables

  • Summary Table: Global Production of Merchant Hydrogen, by Country/Region, Through 2025
    • Table 1: Potential Applications of Hydrogen
    • Table 2: Hydrogen Production Feedstocks
    • Table 3: Natural Gas Prices for Industrial Sector
    • Table 4: U.S. By-Product Hydrogen Production Share, by Industry, 2019
    • Table 5: Global Hydrogen Production, by Segment, 2019
    • Table 6: U.S. Market Share of Merchant Hydrogen Production, by Industry Type, 2019
    • Table 7: North American Market Share of Merchant Hydrogen Capacity, by Company, 2017
    • Table 8: Global Market Share of Merchant Market Delivery Modes, by Sector, 2019
    • Table 9: Hydrogen's Share of Oil Refinery Fixed and Variable Operating Costs, 2017
    • Table 10: Global Production of Merchant Hydrogen, by Country/Region, Through 2025
    • Table 11: Global Production Share of End Uses of Hydrogen, by Country/Region, 2019
    • Table 12: E.U. Merchant Hydrogen Production, 2004-2014
    • Table 13: E.U. Merchant Hydrogen Production, Through 2025
    • Table 14: Merchant Liquid and Compressed Gas Hydrogen Production in the E.U., by Company and Location, 2017
    • Table 15: E.U. Hydrogen Pipeline, by Country, 2017
    • Table 16: E.U. Hydrogen Pipeline, by Company, 2017
    • Table 17: Chinese Consumption Share of Hydrogen, by End Use, 2019
    • Table 18: U.S. Merchant Hydrogen Demand, by End-Use, Through 2025
    • Table 19: U.S. Department of Energy Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Funding, by Fiscal Years, 2004-2017
    • Table 20: U.S. Fuel Cell Bus Projects, August 2018
    • Table 21: U.S. Fuel Cell Vehicles on Road, 6th June 2020
    • Table 22: U.S. Stationary Fuel Cell Equipment, 6th June 2020
    • Table 23: R&D Areas for Distributed Hydrogen Production
    • Table 24: U.S. Hydrogen Laws and Incentives (Federal)
    • Table 25: State Incentives-California
    • Table 26: Hydrogen Laws and Incentives in New York
    • Table 27: U.S. Refinery Hydrogen Production Capacity, January 2019
    • Table 28: Merchant Liquid and Compressed Gas Hydrogen Production Capacity in the U.S., Canada and Mexico, by Company and Location, 2016
    • Table 29: Approaches to Using Renewable Power to Produce Hydrogen, by Project Category
    • Table 30: Sample of U.S. Renewables-Based Hydrogen Production Pilot Projects, 2017
    • Table 31: Thermal Processes for Hydrogen Production
    • Table 32: Electrolytic Processes for the Production of Hydrogen
    • Table 33: Photolytic Processes for the Production of Hydrogen
    • Table 34: Typical Hydrogen Sale Quantities
    • Table 35: U.S. Hydrogen Pipeline, by State, 2006-2016
    • Table 36: U.S. Hydrogen Pipeline, by Owner, 2016
    • Table 37: U.S. Department of Energy Targets for On-Board Hydrogen Storage Systems, 2020 and 2025
    • Table 38: Hydrogen Storage Technologies
    • Table 39: Distribution of Hydrogen Patents, by Major Field of Application, 1975-June 15, 2018
    • Table 40: U.S. Hydrogen Production Patents Issued, by Technology Type, 1975-June 15, 2018
    • Table 41: Major Hydrogen Production Intellectual Property Portfolios Issued, by Assignee, 1975-June 15, 2018
    • Table 42: U.S. Hydrogen Storage Patents Issued, by Technology Type, 1975-June 15, 2018
    • Table 43: Major Hydrogen Storage Intellectual Property Portfolios Issued, by Assignee, 1975-June 15, 2018
    • Table 44: U.S. Hydrogen Transmission and Distribution Technology Patents Issued, by Technology Type, 1975-June 15, 2018
    • Table 45: U.S. Fuel Cell Patents Issued, by Technology Type, 1975-June 15, 2018
    • Table 46: Major Fuel Cell Intellectual Property Portfolios of U.S. Hydrogen Storage Patents Issued, by Assignee, 1975-June 15, 2018
    • Table 47: Holders of U.S. Hydrogen Sensor Patents Issued, by Company, 1975-June 15, 2018

List of Figures

  • Summary Figure: Global Production of Merchant Hydrogen, by Country/Region, 2019-2025
    • Figure 1: Global Hydrogen Production Trends, 2019-2025
    • Figure 2: U.S. Merchant Hydrogen Demand, 2019-2025
    • Figure 3: U.S. Department of Energy Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Funding, 2008-2016
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