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1072678

LEDs Used in Test/Measurement, Medical & Other Science Devices Market Forecast and Analysis 2021-2031

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LEDs Used in Test/Measurement, Medical & Other Science Devices Market Forecast and Analysis 2021-2031
Published: May 5, 2022
ElectroniCast
Content info: 319 Page PDF, Excel Worksheets and Powerpoint
Delivery time: 1-2 business days
  • Description
  • Table of Contents
  • List of Tables

10-Year Market Forecast

This market forecast report, which is available immediately, is part of a consultant service from ElectroniCast Consultants to our clients. This 2021-2031 market estimate and forecast is presented for our extensive study of the worldwide use of packaged Light Emitting Diodes (LEDs) in Test/Measurement, Medical and other Science devices.

The market data are segmented into the following geographic regions, plus a Global summary:

  • North, Central and South America (America)
  • Europe, plus Middle Eastern and African countries (EMEA)
  • Asia Pacific (APAC)

The LED market is segmented into the following sub-application categories:

  • Sensing/Detection and Analytical/Monitoring
  • Photo-therapy/Sanitation/Cell Regeneration/Curing
  • Instrumentation Light Source and Imaging

The market data for are also segmented by the following colors (type):

  • Red
  • Green
  • Blue
  • White
  • Multiple Color/Multiple Chip
  • UV and Other

LED Level Quantified in the ElectroniCast Study

Below, are four levels (or "food chain") of LEDs. For the purposes of this ElectroniCast study, we quantify and provide a market forecast for "Level 2"

  • Level 1 - The chip or die
  • Level 2 - The Packaged LED Chip(s)
  • Level 3 - LED module / LED Lamp
  • Level 4 - LED luminaire (light fixture/light fitting with LED module/lamp)

This report provides the market data by the following functions:

  • Consumption Value (US$, million)
  • Quantity (number/units)
  • Average Selling Prices (ASP $, each)

The value is determined by multiplying the number of units by the average selling price (ASP). The ASPs are based on the price of the packaged LED at the initial factory level. The value is then based on the end-use application and the end-use region.

Microsoft Excel- Data Base Structure

At each database level, the ElectroniCast estimates and forecast for packaged LEDs is built from the bottom up, segmented by color-type, arranged in a hierarchy, of the end-user types (applications) that use devices that the LEDs are used in, and arranged in a hierarchy and summed upward. The estimates and forecast for each LED color-type in each region is in terms of quantity (unit/each), value (US$ Million) and average selling price.

Market analysis and technology forecasting are complex tasks. Any predictions of the shape and trends of technology and economic movement start from the notion that the germ of what will be important tomorrow is present, although smaller or larger or in a different form, in our environment today. However, taking as a basis for a prediction the assumptions of current, conventional belief create a set of preconceived notions that can lead to serious mistakes. ElectroniCast, instead, looks to the basic driving forces.

The future market for a particular type of LED consumed in selected medical and biophotonic devices depends on a number of factors, including: User equipment demand, for example - applications: Cosmetic surgery, Dermatology, Research & Development (lab); military/aeronautics, medical/dental, science disciplines and others.

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

  • 1.1 Overview
  • 1.2 Unpackaged and Packaged LEDs - Overview
  • 1.3 LEDs - Technology Overview
  • 1.4 Barriers to Growth in the Military/Government Sector
  • 1.5 COVID-19 Pandemic Brief

2. LEDs Used in Test/Measurement & Medical Science Devices Market Forecast

  • 2.1 Overview
  • 2.2 Sensing/Detection and Analytical/Monitoring
  • 2.3 Photo-therapy/Sanitation/Cell Regeneration/Curing
  • 2.4 Instrumentation Light Source and Imaging

3. ElectroniCast Market Research Methodology, including COVID-19 adjustment explanation

4. Market Forecast Data Base - Introduction

  • 4.1Overview
  • 4.2 Tutorial

Addendum

  • Excel Data Base Spreadsheets (Global Market Forecast); Detailed Data: ASP ($, each); Quantity (Million); Value ($, Million) for all Regions
  • PowerPoint Market Forecast Summary Figures

List of Tables

  • 1.1.1LEDs in Test/Measurement & Medical Science Devices Global Forecast, By Application ($, Million)
  • 1.3.1 LED Color Variety - Selected Examples
  • 1.3.2LED Color Chart
  • 2.1.1LEDs in Test/Measurement & Medical Science Devices Global Forecast, By Application ($, Million)
  • 2.1.2LEDs in Test/Measurement & Medical Science Devices Global Forecast, By Application (Quantity)
  • 2.1.3LEDs in Test/Measurement & Medical Science Devices America Forecast, By Application ($, M)
  • 2.1.4LEDs in Test/Measurement & Medical Science Devices America Forecast, By Application (Qty)
  • 2.1.5LEDs in Test/Measurement & Medical Science Devices EMEA Forecast, By Application ($, Million)
  • 2.1.6LEDs in Test/Measurement & Medical Science Devices EMEA Forecast, By Application (Quantity)
  • 2.1.7LEDs in Test/Measurement & Medical Science Devices APAC Forecast, By Application ($, Million)
  • 2.1.8LEDs in Test/Measurement & Medical Science Devices APAC Forecast, By Application (Quantity)
  • 2.2.1LEDs in Sensing/Detection and Analytical/Monitoring Global Forecast, By Application ($, Million)
  • 2.2.2LEDs in Sensing/Detection and Analytical/Monitoring Global Forecast, By Application (Quantity)
  • 2.2.3LEDs in Sensing/Detection and Analytical/Monitoring America Forecast, By Application ($, Million)
  • 2.2.4LEDs in Sensing/Detection and Analytical/Monitoring America Forecast, By Application (Quantity)
  • 2.2.5LEDs in Sensing/Detection and Analytical/Monitoring EMEA Forecast, By Application ($, Million)
  • 2.2.6LEDs in Sensing/Detection and Analytical/Monitoring EMEA Forecast, By Application (Quantity)
  • 2.2.7LEDs in Sensing/Detection and Analytical/Monitoring APAC Forecast, By Application ($, Million)
  • 2.2.8LEDs in Sensing/Detection and Analytical/Monitoring APAC Forecast, By Application (Quantity)
  • 2.2.9 Available LED Color and Wavelengths
  • 2.2.10 Strain Sensing Technology Attributes Summary
  • 2.3.1LEDs in PDT/Sanitation/Cell Regeneration/Curing Global Forecast, By Application ($, Million)
  • 2.3.2LEDs in PDT/Sanitation/Cell Regeneration/Curing Global Forecast, By Application (Quantity)
  • 2.3.3LEDs in PDT/Sanitation/Cell Regeneration/Curing America Forecast, By Application ($, Million)
  • 2.3.4LEDs in PDT/Sanitation/Cell Regeneration/Curing America Forecast, By Application (Quantity)
  • 2.3.5LEDs in PDT/Sanitation/Cell Regeneration/Curing EMEA Forecast, By Application ($, Million)
  • 2.3.6LEDs in PDT/Sanitation/Cell Regeneration/Curing EMEA Forecast, By Application (Quantity)
  • 2.3.7LEDs in PDT/Sanitation/Cell Regeneration/Curing APAC Forecast, By Application ($, Million)
  • 2.3.8LEDs in PDT/Sanitation/Cell Regeneration/Curing APAC Forecast, By Application (Quantity)
  • 2.3.9 Therapeutic Visible Light Spectrum
  • 2.3.10 Eye Safety - Risk Classification
  • 2.4.1LEDs in Instrumentation Light Source and Imaging Global Forecast, By Application ($, Million)
  • 2.4.2LEDs in Instrumentation Light Source and Imaging Global Forecast, By Application (Quantity)
  • 2.4.3LEDs in Instrumentation Light Source and Imaging America Forecast, By Application ($, Million)
  • 2.4.4LEDs in Instrumentation Light Source and Imaging America Forecast, By Application (Quantity)
  • 2.4.5LEDs in Instrumentation Light Source and Imaging EMEA Forecast, By Application ($, Million)
  • 2.4.6LEDs in Instrumentation Light Source and Imaging EMEA Forecast, By Application (Quantity)
  • 2.4.7LEDs in Instrumentation Light Source and Imaging APAC Forecast, By Application ($, Million)
  • 2.4.8LEDs in Instrumentation Light Source and Imaging APAC Forecast, By Application (Quantity)
  • - List of Figures -
  • 1.1.1LEDs in Test/Measurement, Medical/Science Devices Global Forecast ($, Million)
  • 1.1.2LEDs in Test/Measurement, Medical/Science Devices Global Forecast, By Application ($, Million)
  • 1.1.3 LEDs in Test/Measurement, Medical/Science Devices Global Forecast, By Region ($, Million)
  • 1.1.4 LEDs in Test/Measurement, Medical/Science Devices Global Forecast, By Color ($, Million)
  • 1.1.5 LEDs in Test/Measurement, Medical/Science Devices America Forecast, By Color ($, Million)
  • 1.1.6 LEDs in Test/Measurement, Medical/Science Devices EMEA Forecast, By Color ($, Million)
  • 1.1.7 LEDs in Test/Measurement, Medical/Science Devices APAC Forecast, By Color ($, Million)
  • 1.2.1 Diagram of a typical LED chip
  • 1.2.2 Diagram of schematic structure of AlGaN-based UV LED Chip
  • 1.2.3 2D LED Structure - wavelength can be specifically influenced
  • 1.2.4 LED Chip Cross-Sectional Structure
  • 1.2.5 Electrostatic discharge (ESD) - Integrated Protection Devices for LEDs
  • 1.2.6 Electrostatic Discharge Example
  • 1.2.7 Chip-on-Board LED Technology
  • 1.2.8 Chip-Scale Package (CSP) LEDs
  • 1.2.9 High Performance LED
  • 1.2.10 Surface Mounted Device (SMD) LED
  • 1.2.11Chip-On-Board and Multi-Chip on Board (COB/MCOB) LED
  • 1.2.12 Tunable Chip-On-Board LEDs with Highly Efficient Color Mixing
  • 1.2.13 COB Packaged LEDs Provide Natural Light Spectrum
  • 1.2.14 Highest Efficacy 90 CRI Chip-on-Board LEDs
  • 1.2.15 Quad Chip LED Arrays
  • 1.2.16 Single Chip LED Arrays
  • 1.2.17 LED Arrays
  • 1.2.18 Resonant Cavity LED (RCLED) Technology
  • 1.3.1 LED Chromatic Chart
  • 1.3.2 Evolution of Research Emphasis During Technology Life Cycle
  • 2.1.1 LEDs in Medical/Science Devices Global Forecast ($, Million)
  • 2.1.2 LEDs in Medical/ Science Devices Global Forecast (Quantity/Units)
  • 2.2.1 Chemiluminescence Imaging Systems
  • 2.2.2 LED-induced chemiluminescence platform
  • 2.2.3 LED-induced chemiluminescence Imaging
  • 2.2.4 Laser Diode Based Chemiluminescent System
  • 2.2.5 In vitro diagnostic (IVD) testing Tool
  • 2.2.6 LED-based Monitoring Sensor
  • 2.2.7 Light-Emitting Diode Detection and Ranging Board Modules
  • 2.2.8 Light-Emitting Diode Detection and Ranging
  • 2.2.9Fluorescence detection of trace hydrazine vapor
  • 2.2.10 Fabry-Perot Fiber-Optic Temperature-Sensor
  • 2.2.11 Pre-clinical Transducer with Fiber Coating
  • 2.2.12 Sealed-Gauge Fiber Optic Pressure Sensors
  • 2.2.13 Seven (7) wavelengths acquire blood constituent data
  • 2.2.14 Seven (7) wavelengths acquire blood constituent data
  • 2.2.15Oximeters - Upgradable Technology Platforms
  • 2.2.16LED-based Non-invasive Sensing
  • 2.2.17FLIPPER - light-emitting diode excites fluorescence in the sample flow cell
  • 2.2.18 Blue and Green Excitation LEDs in Space
  • 2.2.19Nano-sized "carbon dots" glow brightly when exposed to light
  • 2.2.20Led-Based Direct Visualization of Tissue Fluorescence
  • 2.2.21LED-Based Cell Phone Sensor for Detection of E. coli
  • 2.3.1 Comparison Graph - Mercury Lamps versus UV LEDs for Medical Curing
  • 2.3.2 DEEP UV (DUV) LED (Surface mount devices / SMDs)
  • 2.3.3 Application Examples for Deep UV (DUV) LEDs
  • 2.3.4 Ultra Violet LED Array
  • 2.3.5 Packaged UV-LED (4-chips)
  • 2.3.6 UVA- LED Tube Lamp
  • 2.3.7 UVC-LED Disinfection Module
  • 2.3.8 70mW UV-C LED
  • 2.3.9 UVC LED Reactor - Water Disinfection
  • 2.3.10 UVC LED for effective disinfection solutions
  • 2.3.11Handheld LED Light Therapy Rejuvenation Device
  • 2.3.12 Consumer-Level LED Face Mask
  • 2.3.13 Neonatal Photo therapy Treatment (Blue LEDs)
  • 2.3.14Light doses range in LED Photo therapy
  • 2.3.15 Skin treatment therapies Utilizing LED Photo-modulation: Typical LED array (Red)
  • 2.3.16Blue LED Arrays
  • 2.3.17 Circadian PAR30 Gimbal Spot
  • 2.3.18 Circadian Phototransduction
  • 2.3.19 Circadian Phototransduction (Typical - versus HCL - LEDs)
  • 2.3.20Blue LED Teeth Whitening Device
  • 2.3.21 Apparatuses (two) Containing Arrays of LEDs to Treat Mucositis
  • 2.3.22 Light Therapy for traumatic brain injury (TBI)
  • 2.3.23 Dentistry - Light Cure Unit (LCU) Explanation Illustration
  • 2.3.24 Curing of 3D Printed Parts
  • 2.3.25 Red, Green and Blue LED Light Sources - Biophotonics
  • 2.4.1 Non-Coherent Illustration Options in Optical Microscopy
  • 2.4.2 Fluorescence Microscopy - Lamphouse Anatomy with LEDs
  • 2.4.3 LEDs - Different Colors for Fluorescence Microscopy Applications
  • 2.4.4 LED Light Source for Fluorescence Microscopy
  • 2.4.5 LED-Based Fiber Optic Illuminator
  • 2.4.6 LED versus Tungsten used in Slit Lamps Retina Observation
  • 2.4.7 Fiber Optic Light Module for medical illumination
  • 2.4.8 LED-Based Fiber Optic Illuminator
  • 2.4.9Holographic Bioimaging - Concept Image
  • 2.4.10Example of Color Rendering in Medical Surgery
  • 2.4.11 LED-Based Surgical Lighting
  • 2.4.12 LED-Based Surgical Lighting
  • 2.4.13 Reflector-Part of a LED-Based Surgical Light
  • 2.4.14 Homogenous Beam of LED Light and Light Heads
  • 2.4.15 LED- Surgery Lighting: Output rated at 100,000 LUX; 4,300° Kelvin pure white illumination
  • 2.4.16 Medical Examination Lighting
  • 2.4.17 LED-based Surgical Headlamp
  • 3.1 Market Research & Forecasting Methodology

Companies/Organizations Credited or Mentioned in this report:

Chapter 1.1 and 1.2

  • Nitride Semiconductors Company Limited
  • Institute of Semiconductors, Chinese Academy of Sciences (China)
  • Vienna University of Technology (TU Wien)
  • Nichia Corporation
  • Samsung / Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd
  • Murata
  • Tecco Group Ltd
  • ProPhotonix
  • Luminus Devices, Incorporated
  • Electronics Maker (Magazine)
  • Shine Technologies Ltd - Shine ®
  • LED News
  • Cree, Incorporated
  • Excelitas Technologies Corporation

Chapter 1.3

  • Kodak
  • OSRAM
  • OKSolar.com
  • LEDtronics, Incorporated
  • ElectroniCast Consultants

Chapter 1.4

  • US Department of State
  • DARPA (Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency)
  • General Services Administration (GSA) (USA)
  • ANAB (ANSI National Accreditation Board)
  • International Aerospace Quality Group (IAQG)
  • Americas Aerospace Quality Group (AAQG)
  • Defense Contract Audit Agency - (DCAA)
  • DOD (Defense Department-United States)
  • Department of State (United States)
  • Department of Commerce (United States)
  • Treasury Department (United States)
  • Department of Justice (United States)
  • Department of Commerce (United States)
  • Department of Energy (United States)
  • Department of Homeland Security (United States)
  • Census Bureau (United States)

Chapter 1.5

  • The World Bank Group
  • International Monetary Fund (IMF)
  • International Labour Organization

Chapter 2.2

  • Syngene (A Division of Synoptics Ltd)
  • Royal Society of Chemistry
  • Thermo Fisher Scientific
  • Azure Biosystems, Inc.
  • Clinx Science Instruments Co., Ltd.
  • SCHOTT AG Lighting and Imaging
  • US National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health
  • HercepTest™ (Agilent Technologies Company)
  • Food and Drug Administration (FDA) - United States
  • American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO)
  • Joint Commission of Healthcare Organizations
  • CE label (Consumer electronics or Council of the European Union)
  • Skyla (LITE-ON Technology Corporation)
  • Polish Academy of Sciences, Institute of Low Temperatures and Structural Research
  • Wroclaw University of Technology, Group of Chemical and Biochemical Processes
  • Queensland Micro- and Nanotechnology Centre & School of Engineering, Griffith University
  • Key Laboratory of Marine Chemistry Theory and Technology-Ocean University of China
  • CSIRO Materials Science and Engineering
  • Osram Opto Semiconductors
  • Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical
  • Laboratory for Gas Sensors, Department of Microsystems Engineering, University of Freiburg, Germany
  • Fraunhofer Institute for Physical Measurement Techniques (IPM), Freiburg, Germany
  • LeddarTech Inc. (Leddar™)
  • Integrated Device Technology, Inc. (IDT)
  • University of Central Florida
  • Fuels, Engines and Emissions Research Center, Oak Ridge National Laboratory
  • Faculty of Electrical Engineering, University of Montenegro
  • School of Engineering and Built Environment, Glasgow Caledonian University
  • Hikari Tec/Miura-ori Lab.
  • Ritsumeikan University, Faculty of Engineering Science
  • Ritsumeikan University, Global Innovation Research Organization
  • Tokyo Metropolitan Industrial Technology Research Institute
  • School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Shaanxi University of Science and Technology, China
  • Nano Institute of Utah and Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Utah, USA
  • HexaTech
  • Dublin City University (DCU)
  • Edgewood Chemical and Biological Center (ECBC)
  • U.S. Army Research Laboratory (ARL)
  • DARPA (Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency)
  • Centre for Optical and Electromagnetic Research - JORCEP China
  • Philips (China) Investment Co., Ltd.
  • National Instruments Corporation
  • Goddard Space Flight Center (NASA)
  • HTS Biosystems, Inc
  • FISO Technologies Inc.
  • Optrand Incorporated
  • Ocean Optics, Incorporated
  • Bio-optics and Fiber Optics Laboratory, Institute of Atomic Physics and Spectroscopy, University of Latvia
  • NASA - Johnson Space Center
  • NASA - Multi-Spectral Fluorescence Imaging System (Spectrum)
  • International Space Station (ISS)
  • NASA - Kennedy Space Center Payload Development team
  • Clemson University
  • Atom
  • Datascope
  • GE Medical
  • Medtronic
  • National Science Foundation
  • SRU Biosystems
  • U.S. Department of Energy
  • Philips
  • Spacelabs
  • ZollSyngene (A Division of Synoptics Ltd)
  • Masimo Corporation
  • Applied and Plasma Group, School of Physics, University of Sydney
  • Department of Analytical Chemistry Faculty of Sciences, Campus Fuentenuev, University of Granada
  • CLARITY: Centre for Sensor Web Technologies
  • National Centre for Sensor Research, Dublin
  • Department of Chemistry, Biotechnology, and Chemical Engineering - Kagoshima University
  • China Agricultural University
  • Department of Electro-Optical Engineering, National Taipei University of Technology
  • Department of Chemistry, University of Warsaw
  • Department of Chemistry, University of the Balearic Islands
  • University of Chicago
  • Institute of Microelectronics - Singapore
  • NASA - Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL)
  • Applied and Plasma Group, School of Physics, University of Sydney, NSW, Australia
  • Clemson University
  • National Science Foundation (United States)
  • SRU Biosystems
  • University of Illinois - Center for Microanalysis of Materials
  • US Department of Energy
  • Marshall Space Flight Center, Alabama
  • Greatbatch Ltd (Biophan) Technologies Inc
  • Imperial College London
  • Karlstad University
  • College of Chemistry and College of Chemical Engineering, Sichuan University, PR China
  • HyperQuan, Inc.
  • Analog Devices Inc (ADI)
  • Chrontel, Inc.
  • Redmere Technology Ltd.
  • University of Warsaw, Department of Chemistry
  • Department of Chemistry, National University of Singapore
  • Oak Ridge National Laboratory
  • Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences
  • Department of Applied Chemistry, Graduate School of Engineering, Tokyo Metropolitan University
  • Department of Physics, Harbin Institute of Technology, Science and Technology Park, Harbin, China
  • Department of Chemistry, National Taiwan Normal University
  • LED Medical Diagnostics Inc.
  • McGill University in Montreal, Canada
  • Oral Cancer Foundation
  • LED Medical Diagnostics Inc.
  • UCLA Henry Samueli School of Engineering and Applied Science

Chapter 2.3

  • U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (National Center for PTSD)
  • University of Texas at Arlington
  • Ultradent Products Inc.
  • Excelitas Technologies Corporation
  • allnex group
  • Nikkiso Giken Co., Ltd.
  • AP Technologies Ltd
  • Sensor Electronic Technology, inc. (SETi)
  • LG Innotek
  • Bavarian Ministry for Economic Affairs, Media, Energy and Technology
  • Osram Opto Semiconductors
  • aprotec GmbH
  • SCHOTT AG in Landshut
  • University of Minnesota's Lillehei Heart Institute
  • University of Bristol (Aquatest Research Program); Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation
  • World Health Organization
  • Garrett Corporation, Air Research Division
  • Carefree Clearwater, Ltd
  • National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
  • Plaza Hotel in Auckland
  • Wallops Flight Facility
  • Aquionics - Halma Holdings, Inc
  • Asahi Kasei Group (Crystal IS)
  • Microdermabrasion Machines
  • Angel Kiss - Amazon.com
  • Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology - Tel-Aviv University
  • Krupa Electro Device
  • Microdermabrasion Machines
  • Virtual Beauty Corporation
  • United States Navy Sea, Air, and Land Teams (Navy SEALs)
  • US National Library of Medicine
  • National Institute of Mental Health
  • Lighting Science (Rhode Island, USA)
  • Infineon Technologies AG
  • Mount Sinai Hospital
  • National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences (NCATS) - (US) National Institutes of Health (NIH)
  • Commission for Occupational Health and Safety and Standardization (KAN) - Germany
  • Delos Living LLC
  • International WELL Building Institute (IWBI)
  • Green Business Certification Inc. (GBCI) - Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) program
  • Lumenia - Slovenija
  • SRAM Innovation
  • Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) - USA
  • OSRAM Innovation
  • University of Twente VU - Amsterdam
  • CBRE Group Inc.
  • National Institute of General Medical Sciences (USA)
  • Regiolux GmbH
  • Lighting Research Center (LRC)
  • Alphabet Lighting, Inc.
  • Smile Brilliant Ventures, Inc.
  • U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
  • Medical College of Wisconsin
  • Naval Special Warfare Command, Submarine Squadron ELEVEN - USS Salt Lake City
  • Quantum Devices, Inc (QDI)
  • Wisconsin Center for Space Automation and Robotics (WCSAR) - University of Wisconsin-Madison (NASA)
  • Medical College of Wisconsin
  • Roswell Park Cancer Institute in Buffalo, New York
  • Rush-Presbyterian-St. Lukes Medical Center in Chicago
  • Instituto de Oncologia Pediatrica in Sao Paulo, Brazil
  • Instituto de Física de São Carlos, Universidade de São Paulo, São Carlos, SP, Brazil
  • Mayo Clinic
  • Light4Tech
  • University of Minnesota - Lillehei Heart Institute
  • Boston VA - (US) Army's Advanced Medical Technology Initiative
  • LumiThera Inc.
  • National Institute of Health (NIH) - National Eye Institute (NEI)
  • U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs and the Boston VA
  • Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine
  • Boston University School of Medicine (BUSM)
  • Photomedex
  • Vielight
  • MedX Health
  • Ivoclar Vivadent AG
  • University of Minnesota's Lillehei Heart Institute
  • Qubit Systems Incorporated
  • Gregor Mendel Institute of Molecular Plant Biology
  • Royal Holloway University of London - School of Biological Sciences, Plant Molecular Science
  • Royal Holloway University of London - Centre for Systems and Synthetic Biology
  • Plant Cell Biology, Faculty of Biology, University of Marburg, Karl-von-Frisch-Str., Marburg, Germany
  • Laboratory of Growth Regulators, Academy of Sciences, Botany & Palacký University (Czech Republic)
  • King Abdulaziz University, Saudi Arabia
  • Dreve group
  • Valoya

Chapter 2.4

  • Carl Zeiss MicroImaging Inc
  • Excelitas Technologies® Corp.,
  • Radiant Vision Systems, LLC
  • CoolLED (UK)
  • Photon Systems Instruments
  • Haag-Streit USA
  • Qubit Systems Incorporated
  • Titan Tool Supply Inc.
  • Omicron
  • Opticology, Inc.
  • Stanford University
  • Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST)
  • International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC)
  • Electrical and Computer Engineering Department, University of Connecticut
  • Departament de Física Aplicada, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
  • The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda, Vadodara, India
  • Department of Mechanical Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA
  • Singapore-MIT Alliance for Research and Technology (SMART) Centre, Singapore
  • Department of Electronic and Information Engineering, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University
  • CNR - Institute of Applied Sciences & Intelligent Systems, Pozzuoli (Napoli), Italy
  • Electrical Engineering Department, Stanford University
  • Department of Information Physics and Computing, Information Science &Technology, The University of Tokyo
  • Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, New Delhi, India
  • Institute of Micromechanics and Photonics, Warsaw University of Technology, Warsaw, Poland
  • Center for Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering & OPTRAMED, Medical University of Vienna
  • CERVO Brain Research Center, CIUSSS & Dept. of Psychiatry and Neuroscience, Universit' Laval, Qu'bec City
  • Faculty of Systems Engineering, Wakayama University, Wakayama, Japan
  • Electrical & Computer Engineering, University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA)
  • Department of Physics & KAIST Institute for Health Science and Technology, (KAIST), Republic of Korea
  • Tomocube Inc., Daejeon, Republic of Korea
  • Institute of Applied Optics ITO, University of Stuttgart, Stuttgart, Germany
  • Laboratoire d'Acoustique de l'Universit' du Mans, Institut d'Acoustique-Grad. School - Le Mans Universit', France
  • School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheva, Israel
  • 3D Imaging & Display Laboratory, Universitat de Val'ncia, Burjassot, Spain
  • Department of Biomedical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel
  • GROC•UJI, Institut of New Imaging Technologies (INIT), Universitat Jaume I, Castelló, Spain
  • Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engr. & Department of Biomedical Engr., Boston University
  • Tokyo Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Kanagawa, Japan
  • Surgiris
  • STERIS plc.
  • Striker
  • S.I.M.E.O.N. Medical GmbH & Co. KG
  • Medical Illumination International
  • Burton Medical LLC (Philips Burton)
  • Cool View