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PUBLISHER: Future Markets, Inc. | PRODUCT CODE: 1188877

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PUBLISHER: Future Markets, Inc. | PRODUCT CODE: 1188877

The Global Market for Biofuels to 2033

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PAGES: 297 Pages, 72 Tables, 78 Figures
DELIVERY TIME: 1-2 business days
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Renewable energy sources can be converted directly into biofuels. There has been a huge growth in the production and usage of biofuels as substitutes for fossil fuels. Due to the declining reserve of fossil resources as well as environmental concerns, and essential energy security, it is important to develop renewable and sustainable energy and chemicals.

The use of biofuels manufactured from plant-based biomass as feedstock would reduce fossil fuel consumption and consequently the negative impact on the environment. Renewable energy sources cover a broad raw material base, including cellulosic biomass (fibrous and inedible parts of plants), waste materials, algae, and biogas.

‘The Global Market for Biofuels’ covers biobased fuels, bio-diesel, renewable diesel, sustainable aviation fuels (SAFs), biogas, electrofuels (e-fuels), green ammonia based on utilization of:

  • First-Generation Feedstocks (food-based) e.g. Waste oils including used cooking oil, animal fats, and other fatty acids.
  • Second-Generation Feedstocks (non-food based) e.g. Lignocellulosic wastes and residues, Energy crops, Agricultural residues, Forestry residues, Biogenic fraction of municipal and industrial waste.
  • Third-Generation Feedstocks e.g. algal biomass
  • Fourth-Generation Feedstocks e.g. genetically modified (GM) algae and cyanobacteria.

Report contents include:

  • Market trends and drivers.
  • Market challenges.
  • Biofuels costs, now and estimated to 2033.
  • Biofuel consumption to 2033.
  • Market analysis including key players, end use markets, production processes, costs, production capacities, market demand for biofuels, bio-jet fuels, biodiesel, bio-naphtha, biobased alcohol fuels, biofuel from plastic waste & used tires, biofules from carbon capture renewable diesel, biogas, electrofuels, green ammonia and other relevant technologies.
  • Production and synthesis methods.
  • Biofuel industry developments and investments 2020-2023.
  • 153 company profiles including BTG Bioliquids, Byogy Renewables, Caphenia, Enerkem, Infinium. Eni S.p.A., Ensyn, FORGE Hydrocarbons Corporation, Fulcrum Bioenergy, Genecis Bioindustries, Gevo, Haldor Topsoe, Opera Bioscience, Steeper Energy, SunFire GmbH and Vertus Energy .

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

2. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

  • 2.1. Market drivers
  • 2.2. Market challenges
  • 2.3. Liquid biofuels market 2020-2033, by type and production

3. INDUSTRY DEVELOPMENTS 2020-2023

4. BIOFUELS

  • 4.1. The global biofuels market
    • 4.1.1. Diesel substitutes and alternatives
    • 4.1.2. Gasoline substitutes and alternatives
  • 4.2. Comparison of biofuel costs 2022, by type
  • 4.3. Types
    • 4.3.1. Solid Biofuels
    • 4.3.2. Liquid Biofuels
    • 4.3.3. Gaseous Biofuels
    • 4.3.4. Conventional Biofuels
    • 4.3.5. Advanced Biofuels
  • 4.4. Feedstocks
    • 4.4.1. First-generation (1-G)
    • 4.4.2. Second-generation (2-G)
      • 4.4.2.1. Lignocellulosic wastes and residues
      • 4.4.2.2. Biorefinery lignin
    • 4.4.3. Third-generation (3-G)
      • 4.4.3.1. Algal biofuels
    • 4.4.4. Fourth-generation (4-G)
    • 4.4.5. Advantages and disadvantages, by generation

5. HYDROCARBON BIOFUELS

  • 5.1. Biodiesel
    • 5.1.1. Biodiesel by generation
    • 5.1.2. Production of biodiesel and other biofuels
      • 5.1.2.1. Pyrolysis of biomass
      • 5.1.2.2. Vegetable oil transesterification
      • 5.1.2.3. Vegetable oil hydrogenation (HVO)
      • 5.1.2.4. Biodiesel from tall oil
      • 5.1.2.5. Fischer-Tropsch BioDiesel
      • 5.1.2.6. Hydrothermal liquefaction of biomass
      • 5.1.2.7. CO2 capture and Fischer-Tropsch (FT)
      • 5.1.2.8. Dymethyl ether (DME)
    • 5.1.3. Global production and consumption
  • 5.2. Renewable diesel
    • 5.2.1. Production
    • 5.2.2. Global consumption
  • 5.3. Bio-jet (bio-aviation) fuels
    • 5.3.1. Description
    • 5.3.2. Global market
    • 5.3.3. Production pathways
    • 5.3.4. Costs
    • 5.3.5. Biojet fuel production capacities
    • 5.3.6. Challenges
    • 5.3.7. Global consumption
  • 5.4. Syngas
  • 5.5. Biogas and biomethane
    • 5.5.1. Feedstocks
  • 5.6. Bio-naphtha
    • 5.6.1. Overview
    • 5.6.2. Markets and applications
    • 5.6.3. Production capacities, by producer, current and planned
    • 5.6.4. Production capacities, total (tonnes), historical, current and planned

6. ALCOHOL FUELS

  • 6.1. Biomethanol
    • 6.1.1. Methanol-to gasoline technology
      • 6.1.1.1. Production processes
  • 6.2. Bioethanol
    • 6.2.1. Technology description
    • 6.2.2. 1G Bio-Ethanol
    • 6.2.3. Ethanol to jet fuel technology
    • 6.2.4. Methanol from pulp & paper production
    • 6.2.5. Sulfite spent liquor fermentation
    • 6.2.6. Gasification
      • 6.2.6.1. Biomass gasification and syngas fermentation
      • 6.2.6.2. Biomass gasification and syngas thermochemical conversion
    • 6.2.7. CO2 capture and alcohol synthesis
    • 6.2.8. Biomass hydrolysis and fermentation
      • 6.2.8.1. Separate hydrolysis and fermentation
      • 6.2.8.2. Simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (SSF)
      • 6.2.8.3. Pre-hydrolysis and simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (PSSF)
      • 6.2.8.4. Simultaneous saccharification and co-fermentation (SSCF)
      • 6.2.8.5. Direct conversion (consolidated bioprocessing) (CBP)
    • 6.2.9. Global ethanol consumption
  • 6.3. Biobutanol
    • 6.3.1. Production

7. BIOFUEL FROM PLASTIC WASTE AND USED TIRES

  • 7.1. Plastic pyrolysis
  • 7.2. Used tires pyrolysis
    • 7.2.1. Conversion to biofuel

8. ELECTROFUELS (E-FUELS)

  • 8.1. Introduction
    • 8.1.1. Benefits of e-fuels
  • 8.2. Feedstocks
    • 8.2.1. Hydrogen electrolysis
    • 8.2.2. CO2 capture
  • 8.3. Production
  • 8.4. Electrolysers
    • 8.4.1. Commercial alkaline electrolyser cells (AECs)
    • 8.4.2. PEM electrolysers (PEMEC)
    • 8.4.3. High-temperature solid oxide electrolyser cells (SOECs)
  • 8.5. Costs
  • 8.6. Market challenges
  • 8.7. Companies

9. ALGAE-DERIVED BIOFUELS

  • 9.1. Technology description
  • 9.2. Production

10. GREEN AMMONIA

  • 10.1. Production
    • 10.1.1. Decarbonisation of ammonia production
    • 10.1.2. Green ammonia projects
  • 10.2. Green ammonia synthesis methods
    • 10.2.1. Haber-Bosch process
    • 10.2.2. Biological nitrogen fixation
    • 10.2.3. Electrochemical production
    • 10.2.4. Chemical looping processes
  • 10.3. Blue ammonia
    • 10.3.1. Blue ammonia projects
  • 10.4. Markets and applications
    • 10.4.1. Chemical energy storage
      • 10.4.1.1. Ammonia fuel cells
    • 10.4.2. Marine fuel
  • 10.5. Costs
  • 10.6. Estimated market demand
  • 10.7. Companies and projects

11. BIOFUELS FROM CARBON CAPTURE

  • 11.1. Overview
  • 11.2. CO2 capture from point sources
  • 11.3. Production routes
  • 11.4. Direct air capture (DAC)
    • 11.4.1. Description
    • 11.4.2. Deployment
    • 11.4.3. Point source carbon capture versus Direct Air Capture
    • 11.4.4. Technologies
      • 11.4.4.1. Solid sorbents
      • 11.4.4.2. Liquid sorbents
      • 11.4.4.3. Liquid solvents
      • 11.4.4.4. Airflow equipment integration
      • 11.4.4.5. Passive Direct Air Capture (PDAC)
      • 11.4.4.6. Direct conversion
      • 11.4.4.7. Co-product generation
      • 11.4.4.8. Low Temperature DAC
      • 11.4.4.9. Regeneration methods
    • 11.4.5. Commercialization and plants
    • 11.4.6. Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) in DAC
    • 11.4.7. DAC plants and projects-current and planned
    • 11.4.8. Markets for DAC
    • 11.4.9. Costs
    • 11.4.10. Challenges
    • 11.4.11. Players and production
  • 11.5. Methanol
  • 11.6. Algae based biofuels
  • 11.7. CO2-fuels from solar
  • 11.8. Companies
  • 11.9. Challenges

12. COMPANY PROFILES (153 company profiles)

13. REFERENCES

List of Tables

  • Table 1. Market drivers for biofuels
  • Table 2. Market challenges for biofuels
  • Table 3. Liquid biofuels market 2020-2033, by type and production
  • Table 4. Industry developments in biofuels 2020-2023
  • Table 5. Comparison of biofuel costs (USD/liter) 2022, by type
  • Table 6. Categories and examples of solid biofuel
  • Table 7. Comparison of biofuels and e-fuels to fossil and electricity
  • Table 8. Classification of biomass feedstock
  • Table 9. Biorefinery feedstocks
  • Table 10. Feedstock conversion pathways
  • Table 11. First-Generation Feedstocks
  • Table 12. Lignocellulosic ethanol plants and capacities
  • Table 13. Comparison of pulping and biorefinery lignins
  • Table 14. Commercial and pre-commercial biorefinery lignin production facilities and processes
  • Table 15. Operating and planned lignocellulosic biorefineries and industrial flue gas-to-ethanol
  • Table 16. Properties of microalgae and macroalgae
  • Table 17. Yield of algae and other biodiesel crops
  • Table 18. Advantages and disadvantages of biofuels, by generation
  • Table 19. Biodiesel by generation
  • Table 20. Biodiesel production techniques
  • Table 21. Summary of pyrolysis technique under different operating conditions
  • Table 22. Biomass materials and their bio-oil yield
  • Table 23. Biofuel production cost from the biomass pyrolysis process
  • Table 24. Properties of vegetable oils in comparison to diesel
  • Table 25. Main producers of HVO and capacities
  • Table 26. Example commercial Development of BtL processes
  • Table 27. Pilot or demo projects for biomass to liquid (BtL) processes
  • Table 28. Global biodiesel consumption, 2010-2033 (M litres/year)
  • Table 29. Global renewable diesel consumption, to 2033 (M litres/year)
  • Table 30. Advantages and disadvantages of biojet fuel
  • Table 31. Production pathways for bio-jet fuel
  • Table 32. Current and announced biojet fuel facilities and capacities
  • Table 33. Global bio-jet fuel consumption to 2033 (Million litres/year)
  • Table 34. Biogas feedstocks
  • Table 35. Bio-based naphtha markets and applications
  • Table 36. Bio-naphtha market value chain
  • Table 37. Bio-based Naphtha production capacities, by producer
  • Table 38. Comparison of biogas, biomethane and natural gas
  • Table 39. Processes in bioethanol production
  • Table 40. Microorganisms used in CBP for ethanol production from biomass lignocellulosic
  • Table 41. Ethanol consumption 2010-2033 (million litres)
  • Table 42. Applications of e-fuels, by type
  • Table 43. Overview of e-fuels
  • Table 44. Benefits of e-fuels
  • Table 45. Main characteristics of different electrolyzer technologies
  • Table 46. Market challenges for e-fuels
  • Table 47. E-fuels companies
  • Table 48. Green ammonia projects (current and planned)
  • Table 49. Blue ammonia projects
  • Table 50. Ammonia fuel cell technologies
  • Table 51. Market overview of green ammonia in marine fuel
  • Table 52. Summary of marine alternative fuels
  • Table 53. Estimated costs for different types of ammonia
  • Table 54. Main players in green ammonia
  • Table 55. Market overview for CO2 derived fuels
  • Table 56. Point source examples
  • Table 57. Advantages and disadvantages of DAC
  • Table 58. Companies developing airflow equipment integration with DAC
  • Table 59. Companies developing Passive Direct Air Capture (PDAC) technologies
  • Table 60. Companies developing regeneration methods for DAC technologies
  • Table 61. DAC companies and technologies
  • Table 62. DAC technology developers and production
  • Table 63. DAC projects in development
  • Table 64. Markets for DAC
  • Table 65. Costs summary for DAC
  • Table 66. Cost estimates of DAC
  • Table 67. Challenges for DAC technology
  • Table 68. DAC companies and technologies
  • Table 69. Microalgae products and prices
  • Table 70. Main Solar-Driven CO2 Conversion Approaches
  • Table 71. Companies in CO2-derived fuel products
  • Table 72. Granbio Nanocellulose Processes

List of Figures

  • Figure 1. Liquid biofuel production and consumption (in thousands of m3), 2000-2021
  • Figure 2. Distribution of global liquid biofuel production in 2021
  • Figure 3. Diesel and gasoline alternatives and blends
  • Figure 4. Schematic of a biorefinery for production of carriers and chemicals
  • Figure 5. Hydrolytic lignin powder
  • Figure 6. Regional production of biodiesel (billion litres)
  • Figure 7. Flow chart for biodiesel production
  • Figure 8. Global biodiesel consumption, 2010-2033 (M litres/year)
  • Figure 9. Global renewable diesel consumption, to 2033 (M litres/year)
  • Figure 10. Global bio-jet fuel consumption to 2033 (Million litres/year)
  • Figure 11. Total syngas market by product in MM Nm3/h of Syngas, 2021
  • Figure 12. Overview of biogas utilization
  • Figure 13. Biogas and biomethane pathways
  • Figure 14. Bio-based naphtha production capacities, 2018-2033 (tonnes)
  • Figure 15. Renewable Methanol Production Processes from Different Feedstocks
  • Figure 16. Production of biomethane through anaerobic digestion and upgrading
  • Figure 17. Production of biomethane through biomass gasification and methanation
  • Figure 18. Production of biomethane through the Power to methane process
  • Figure 19. Ethanol consumption 2010-2033 (million litres)
  • Figure 20. Properties of petrol and biobutanol
  • Figure 21. Biobutanol production route
  • Figure 22. Waste plastic production pathways to (A) diesel and (B) gasoline
  • Figure 23. Schematic for Pyrolysis of Scrap Tires
  • Figure 24. Used tires conversion process
  • Figure 25. Process steps in the production of electrofuels
  • Figure 26. Mapping storage technologies according to performance characteristics
  • Figure 27. Production process for green hydrogen
  • Figure 28. E-liquids production routes
  • Figure 29. Fischer-Tropsch liquid e-fuel products
  • Figure 30. Resources required for liquid e-fuel production
  • Figure 31. Levelized cost and fuel-switching CO2 prices of e-fuels
  • Figure 32. Cost breakdown for e-fuels
  • Figure 33. Pathways for algal biomass conversion to biofuels
  • Figure 34. Algal biomass conversion process for biofuel production
  • Figure 35. Classification and process technology according to carbon emission in ammonia production
  • Figure 36. Green ammonia production and use
  • Figure 37. Schematic of the Haber Bosch ammonia synthesis reaction
  • Figure 38. Schematic of hydrogen production via steam methane reformation
  • Figure 39. Estimated production cost of green ammonia
  • Figure 40. Projected annual ammonia production, million tons
  • Figure 41. CO2 capture and separation technology
  • Figure 42. Conversion route for CO2-derived fuels and chemical intermediates
  • Figure 43. Conversion pathways for CO2-derived methane, methanol and diesel
  • Figure 44. CO2 captured from air using liquid and solid sorbent DAC plants, storage, and reuse
  • Figure 45. Global CO2 capture from biomass and DAC in the Net Zero Scenario
  • Figure 46. DAC technologies
  • Figure 47. Schematic of Climeworks DAC system
  • Figure 48. Climeworks' first commercial direct air capture (DAC) plant, based in Hinwil, Switzerland
  • Figure 49. Flow diagram for solid sorbent DAC
  • Figure 50. Direct air capture based on high temperature liquid sorbent by Carbon Engineering
  • Figure 51. Global capacity of direct air capture facilities
  • Figure 52. Global map of DAC and CCS plants
  • Figure 53. Schematic of costs of DAC technologies
  • Figure 54. DAC cost breakdown and comparison
  • Figure 55. Operating costs of generic liquid and solid-based DAC systems
  • Figure 56. CO2 feedstock for the production of e-methanol
  • Figure 57. Schematic illustration of (a) biophotosynthetic, (b) photothermal, (c) microbial-photoelectrochemical, (d) photosynthetic and photocatalytic (PS/PC), (e) photoelectrochemical (PEC), and (f) photovoltaic plus electrochemical (PV+EC) approaches for CO2 c
  • Figure 58. Audi synthetic fuels
  • Figure 59. ANDRITZ Lignin Recovery process
  • Figure 60. FBPO process
  • Figure 61. Direct Air Capture Process
  • Figure 62. CRI process
  • Figure 63. Colyser process
  • Figure 64. Domsjö process
  • Figure 65. ECFORM electrolysis reactor schematic
  • Figure 66. Dioxycle modular electrolyzer
  • Figure 67. FuelPositive system
  • Figure 68. INERATEC unit
  • Figure 69. Infinitree swing method
  • Figure 70. Enfinity cellulosic ethanol technology process
  • Figure 71: Plantrose process
  • Figure 72. Sunfire process for Blue Crude production
  • Figure 73. O12 Reactor
  • Figure 74. Sunglasses with lenses made from CO2-derived materials
  • Figure 75. CO2 made car part
  • Figure 76. The Velocys process
  • Figure 77. Goldilocks process and applications
  • Figure 78. The Proesa® Process
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