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Market Research Report

China Industrial Water Markets: Opportunities and Partnerships in the New Focus on Industrial Wastewater Treatment

Published by Global Water Intelligence Product code 332549
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China Industrial Water Markets: Opportunities and Partnerships in the New Focus on Industrial Wastewater Treatment
Published: July 6, 2015 Content info: 108 Pages
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OVERVIEW

“According to the Ministry of Environmental Protection (MEP), reaching the targets [outlined in the Water Pollution Action Plan that has just been released]... will require the direct purchase of treatment products and services exceeding $230 billion and indirect investment of $80.6 billion” - GWI Magazine, May 2015.

The new Chinese government has made a commitment to get tough on industrial polluters, with the publication of its Water Pollution Action Plan in April. While official data claims that 70% of China's industrial wastewater is treated before discharge, experts consider 30% to be a far more realistic number. This plan could potentially lead to direct investments of over $230 billion. In addition to increased investment, there will be double digit growth in some industries, making the Chinese industrial water sector a very buoyant market for international players. The broadening appeal of the environmental industry and the sheer scale of investment required to bring plants up to the regulatory standards has raised the profile of the water industry in this market. International companies need to be ready to take advantage of the window of opportunity to enter the Chinese industrial water sector.

How will the Environmental Protection Law create opportunities for international players?

This new report, “China Industrial Water Markets: Opportunities and partnerships in the new focus on industrial wastewater treatment” is must-have report for any business wanting to expand their international presence in the water sector. The Chinese industrial water market is promising new opportunities for foreign companies to partner with local players and Chinese industrial clients to meet stricter environmental regulations and we give you the tools you need to identify the opportunities for your business.

For many years, discharge regulations have been lenient in the industrial sector but the Environmental Protection Law will be a game-changer. Industrial clients will have to start taking water seriously and invest in advanced water treatment technologies for the first time - they will need the expertise of international companies to get adequate systems in place. This report will analyse the implications of these regulations on discharge volumes and quality of effluent as well as detailing specific discharge regulations by industry, so you can find a niche for your technology in this market.

This actionable short report will help you understand how regulations are driving opportunities and enable you to assess which industries offer the greatest opportunity - and the least local competition - for your solutions.

MARKET DRIVERS

China Industrial Water Markets: Opportunities and partnerships in the new focus on industrial wastewater treatment will provide analysis of the key development driving change and investment in the market. We explore the following drivers, so you can assess which of your solutions can help your potential clients to meet their water challenges:

  • More Stringent Environmental Regulations - we analyse which new policies and legislation will have the biggest impact on industrial water users in terms of the water usage and wastewater discharge. Find out what standards industrial clients need to meet and understand how this new legislation will drive investment in the various technologies and services offered by foreign companies
  • Water Scarcity - many of the country's most industrious regions are located in water scarce areas. We identify the industries facing the greatest water challenges and the opportunities for water reuse to meet these challenges - so you can identify which industries will benefit most from your solutions
  • Industrial Growth - there are some industries that are also experiencing growth on top of the need to meet new regulations. We provide you with forecast data so you can pinpoint which industries should be targeted in your strategy
  • The Environmental Industry - this report analyses why industrial water users in China are now recognising that environmental protection could be an investment opportunity and how the new favourable policies will encourage businesses in China to work with international companies

KEY FEATURES

The industrial sector is a key focus in the Water Pollution Action Plan. This report focuses on the opportunities for international water companies in the Chinese industrial water market, offering:

  • Market Forecasts - Capital expenditure by industry: Power; Coal-to-chemicals; Refining; Steel processing; Pulp & paper; Food & Beverage; Pharmaceuticals; Microelectronics
  • Market Forecasts - Capital expenditure by system: Process water treatment; Wastewater treatment; High recovery wastewater treatment (ZLD)
  • Analysis of Technology Trends - we show you why China's industries are moving from conventional treatment towards adopting advanced water treatment technologies. Understand the trends in different industries, and assess which of your technologies have a place in the market
  • Overview of Market Dynamics - identify the existing market players and the gaps in the market for international expertise. Find out how enter the supply chain and to co-operate with domestic companies in implementing technologies and solutions that meet their needs
  • Overview of Trends by Industry - the market is highly fragmented and water treatment needs vary by industry: this report will help you navigate the market and to identify the niche for your solution

OPPORTUNITIES

This report explores the key areas of opportunity for foreign companies to break in to the Chinese market. Industries are looking for international expertise to guarantee they meet stricter water quality standards; we focus on the advanced solutions and services that will have the least local competition and highlight the strongest growth segments.

Wastewater Treatment

We show you why the biggest opportunities for international players and start-up technology companies will be in the application of advanced technologies for wastewater treatment, with a focus on ZLD in the coal-to-chemicals, refining and power industries.

Process Water

International knowhow and expertise is also needed for ultrapure water applications within the pharmaceutical and microelectronics industries.

INDUSTRIES COVERED

Although not all industries are experiencing high growth, the following industries will offer significant opportunities within the next three years:

  • Power
  • Coal-to-chemicals
  • Refining and Petrochemicals
  • Steel
  • Microelectronics
  • Pharmaceuticals
  • Pulp & Paper
  • Food & Beverage
PREVIEW ARTICLE
Table of Contents

Table of Contents

Publication information

Executive summary

  • Capital expenditure on industrial water and wastewater treatment in China, 2013-2020
  • Opportunities
    • Capital expenditure on water and wastewater treatment by industry in China, 2013-2020
  • Partnerships and market players

1. Introduction

  • 1.1. Market drivers
    • 1.1.1. Water scarcity
      • Figure 1.1: Overview of water scarcity in China by province
      • Figure 1.2: Freshwater resources & withdrawal in northern China provinces/province-level municipalities, 2013
      • Figure 1.3: Freshwater resources & withdrawal in southern China provinces/province-level municipalities, 2013
      • Figure 1.4: Distribution of selected industrial products between China's southern and northern regions
    • 1.1.2. Environmental regulations
      • Figure 1.5: Selected industry-related regulations and policies on industrial water/wastewater in 2012-2014
      • Figure 1.6: Selected industry-related regulations and policies on industrial water/wastewater in 2015
      • 1.1.2.1. Water Pollution Action Plan
    • 1.1.3. Industrial water allocation
      • Figure 1.7: Freshwater withdrawal quota for selected industries
      • Figure 1.8: Difference between 2013 total water withdrawal and 2015 target withdrawal quota, by province
      • Figure 1.9: Current water withdrawal and targeted water withdrawal by province
      • 1.1.3.1. Wastewater discharge standard
        • Figure 1.10: Execution date of individual discharge standards for selected industries
        • Figure 1.11: Comparison of old and new discharge standards for selected industries
      • 1.1.3.2. New Environmental Protection Law and Enforcement
      • 1.1.3.3. Third party industrial wastewater treatment
  • 1.2. Market forecast
    • Figure 1.12: Capital expenditure on water and wastewater treatment by industry in China, 2013-2020
    • Figure 1.13: Industrial wastewater treatment projects, 2012-2015
    • Figure 1.14: Capital expenditure on industrial water and wastewater treatment in China, 2013-2020

2. Power generation

  • 2.1. Market overview
    • Figure 2.1: Current installed power generation capacity by fuel type, 2012-2014
  • 2.2. Drivers
    • 2.2.1. Water scarcity
    • 2.2.2. Environmental regulation
      • 2.2.2.1. Water allocation and water reuse requirements
        • Figure 2.2: Maximum freshwater withdrawal quotas
    • 2.2.3. Air pollution and wastewater discharge standards
  • 2.3. Technology trends
    • Figure 2.3: Water and wastewater systems in Chinese power plants
  • 2.4. Procurement process
  • 2.5. Supply chain analysis
    • Figure 2.4: Main players in the water for power market
  • 2.6. Market opportunities
    • 2.6.1. Opportunities for ZLD technologies in FGD wastewater treatment
    • 2.6.2. Accessing the market
  • 2.7. Market forecast
    • Figure 2.5: Power generation: Capital expenditure on water and wastewater treatment, 2013-2020

3. Coal-to-chemicals

  • 3.1. Market overview
    • Figure 3.1: Coal-to-chemical routes
    • Figure 3.2: Pipeline of CTX projects in China
    • Figure 3.3: CTX projects and coal reserves in China
    • Figure 3.4: Minimum capacity requirements for CTX projects
    • Figure 3.5: Volume of water needed for CTX projects
    • Figure 3.6: Capacity and production of CTX projects, 2013-2014
  • 3.2. Market drivers
    • 3.2.1. Growth of the CTX industry
      • Figure 3.7: China's dependence on imported crude oil
    • 3.2.2. Water scarcity
      • Figure 3.8: Coal reserves and freshwater resources in coal-rich regions, 2013
    • 3.2.3. Regulations
      • Figure 3.9: Regulations on freshwater withdrawal and wastewater discharge for CTX projects
  • 3.3. Technology trends
    • Figure 3.10: Water balance in a CTX plant
    • Figure 3.11: Typical treatment train for biological wastewater treatment
    • Figure 3.12: Example of current wastewater technology treatment trains in CTX projects
    • 3.3.1. Zero liquid discharge (ZLD)
      • Figure 3.13: Zero liquid discharge system
      • Figure 3.14: Existing and emerging technologies
  • 3.4. Procurement process
    • Figure 3.15: Development of a CTX project
    • Figure 3.16: Engineering, procurement and construction process
    • Figure 3.17: Current coal-to-chemical ZLD EP(C) projects
    • Figure 3.18: Current CTX water BOT projects
  • 3.5. Supply chain analysis
    • Figure 3.19: Major clients
    • Figure 3.20: Major EPC contractors
    • Figure 3.21: Wastewater treatment providers
  • 3.6. Market opportunities
    • 3.6.1. Current and future projects
      • Figure 3.22: Investment in coal-to-chemicals projects by province
      • Figure 3.23: Investment in coal-to-chemicals projects by product type
      • Figure 3.24: Number of online coal-to-chemical projects by region and product type
      • Figure 3.25: Number of planned coal-to-chemical projects by region and product type
      • Figure 3.26: Historical and planned investments in coal-to-chemicals projects by product type, 2000-2020
  • 3.7. Market forecast
    • Figure 3.27: Coal-to-chemicals: Capital expenditure on water and wastewater treatment, 2013-2020

4. Refining and petrochemicals

  • 4.1. Market overview
    • 4.1.1. Refining and petrochemical production
      • Figure 4.1: China's crude oil throughput, 1998-2014
      • Figure 4.2: Crude oil processed in China, 2014
      • Figure 4.3: Production of refining products in China, 2007-2014
    • 4.1.2. Geographical distribution of the refining and petrochemical industry
      • Figure 4.4: Refining capacity & distribution of PX projects & ethylene projects in three main economic rims
  • 4.2. Market drivers
    • 4.2.1. Environmental regulation
      • Figure 4.5: Freshwater withdrawal quota for selected industries
      • Figure 4.6: Target for reduction of pollutant discharge for the refining and petrochemicals industry
      • Figure 4.7: Implementation date for newly published discharge standards
      • Figure 4.8: Comparison of old and new standards for the refining and petrochemical industry
    • 4.2.2. Upgrade of refineries to meet stricter petroleum product specifications
    • 4.2.3. Refining and petrochemical industrial parks
      • Figure 4.9: Requirements for newly built refining and petrochemical facilities
  • 4.3. Technology trends
    • 4.3.1. Water systems
      • Figure 4.10: Treatment requirements for water systems in the refining and petrochemical industry
    • 4.3.2. Wastewater treatment
      • Figure 4.11: Suggested wastewater treatment train by the MEP, effective from March 2015
      • Figure 4.12: Examples of refining and petrochemical wastewater treatment trains using MBR
    • 4.3.3. Wastewater reuse
      • Figure 4.13: Wastewater reuse in the refining and petrochemical industry
  • 4.4. Procurement process
    • Figure 4.14: Examples of EP(C) projects
    • Figure 4.15: Examples of JV projects
  • 4.5. Supply chain analysis
    • 4.5.1. Clients
      • Figure 4.16: Major clients
    • 4.5.2. EPC contractors
      • Figure 4.17: Major EPC contractors
    • 4.5.3. Water and wastewater technology providers
      • Figure 4.18: Major water and wastewater technology providers
  • 4.6. Market opportunities
    • 4.6.1. Current and future projects
      • Figure 4.19: Upcoming refinery construction projects, updated in May 2015
  • 4.7. Market forecast
    • Figure 4.20: Refining & petrochemicals: Capital expenditure on water & wastewater treatment, 2013-2020

5. Industrial parks

  • 5.1. Market overview
    • 5.1.1. Industrial parks in China
      • Figure 5.1: Explanation of industrial park levels
    • 5.1.2. Distribution of industries within industrial parks
      • Figure 5.2: Distribution of national level refining & petrochemical industrial parks in China by region, 2012
    • 5.1.3. Water and wastewater management in industrial parks
      • Figure 5.3: Types of wastewater management system in industrial parks
  • 5.2. Drivers
  • 5.3. Technology trends
  • 5.4. Procurement process
    • Figure 5.4: Wastewater treatment service contracts for the top 30 refining & petrochemical industrial parks
  • 5.5. Supply chain analysis
    • Figure 5.5: International market players
  • 5.6. Market opportunities
    • Figure 5.6: Industrial park PPP projects

6. Microelectronics

  • 6.1. Market overview
    • Figure 6.1: China semiconductor industry revenue, 2003-2013
    • Figure 6.2: Worldwide semiconductor sales by region, 2014-2015
  • 6.2. Drivers
  • 6.3. Technology trends
    • 6.3.1. Ultrapure water (UPW) systems
      • Figure 6.3: Process water treatment steps for UPW production
      • Figure 6.4: Technologies used in UPW production
    • 6.3.2. Wastewater treatment
      • Figure 6.5: Typical contaminants present in the semiconductor manufacturing process steps
  • 6.4. Procurement process
  • 6.5. Supply chain analysis
    • Figure 6.6: Major players in the wastewater treatment market in the microelectronics industry in China
    • Figure 6.7: Breakdown of global fab equipment spending by region, 2015
  • 6.6. Market opportunities
    • 6.6.1. Opportunities in UPW treatment
    • 6.6.2. Opportunities in wastewater treatment
    • 6.6.3. Opportunities in wastewater reuse
      • Figure 6.8: Water scarcity in Chinese provinces with semiconductor manufacturing activity
    • 6.6.4. Accessing the market
  • 6.7. Market forecast
    • Figure 6.9: Microelectronics: Capital expenditure on water and wastewater treatment, 2013-2020

7. Pharmaceuticals

  • 7.1. Overview
    • Figure 7.1: Pharmaceutical sales in China, 2011-2013
  • 7.2. Drivers
    • 7.2.1. Industry growth
    • 7.2.2. Environmental regulations and corporate standards
  • 7.3. Technology trends
    • 7.3.1. Process water technologies
      • Figure 7.2: Typical process water treatment system in the pharmaceutical industry
      • Figure 7.3: Pharmaceutical grade waters
    • 7.3.2. Wastewater treatment
      • Figure 7.4: Advanced wastewater treatment technologies
  • 7.4. Procurement process
    • 7.4.1. Procurement process for new projects
    • 7.4.2. Procurement process for project upgrades
    • 7.4.3. Key success factors
  • 7.5. Supply chain analysis
    • Figure 7.5: Major players in the wastewater treatment market in the pharmaceutical industry in China
  • 7.6. Market opportunities
    • 7.6.1. Opportunities in UPW systems
    • 7.6.2. Opportunities in wastewater treatment systems
    • 7.6.3. Opportunities in water reuse
    • 7.6.4. Current and future projects
      • Figure 7.6: Current and future pharmaceuticals projects in China
    • 7.6.5. Accessing the market
  • 7.7. Market forecast
    • Figure 7.7: Pharmaceuticals: Capital expenditure on water and wastewater treatment, 2013-2020

8. Other industries

  • 8.1. Pulp & paper
    • 8.1.1. Market forecast
      • Figure 8.1: Pulp & paper: Capital expenditure on water and wastewater treatment, 2013-2020
  • 8.2. Food & beverage
    • 8.2.1. Market forecast
      • Figure 8.2: Food & beverage: Capital expenditure on water and wastewater treatment, 2013-2020
  • 8.3. Steel

9. Market players

  • Figure 9.1: Top 120 Chinese industrial players
  • Figure 9.2: Selected Chinese membrane manufacturers
  • Figure 9.3: Selected international investments in the Chinese industrial water sector
  • Figure 9.4: Recent mergers and acquisitions involving Chinese investment in international companies

Interviewees

References

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