Cover Image
Market Research Report

Plastic Optical Fiber Market & Technology Assessment Study - 2016 Edition

Published by Information Gatekeepers Inc. Product code 203179
Published Content info
Delivery time: 1-2 business days
Price
Back to Top
Plastic Optical Fiber Market & Technology Assessment Study - 2016 Edition
Published: August 1, 2016 Content info:
Description

The plastic optical fiber (POF) data business is going through a period of extraordinary growth driven by the automotive manufacturers in Europe and by new technology development. Industrial controls and medical applications continue to be the bedrock of the industry, and they, too, are experiencing healthy growth. Unlike the telecommunications field, the POF business covers many industries and is not as vulnerable to industry downturns.

image1

New technological developments in sources, connectors, and fibers are expanding the bandwidth-distance limits of POF into new applications. After many years of playing second fiddle to the glass optical fiber business, POF is now starting to get the recognition it deserves. Some are even saying that POF could be a disruptive technology.

Over the past three years, there has been a dramatic increase in the GI-POF technology and its availability in the market. This has resulted in increased interest by component suppliers and end users. The market for short, high-speed optical links is experiencing extraordinary growth. These links are less than 100 meters, with speeds up to 40Gbps.

The market for POF could never be brighter with the trend to "all optical networks", need for higher bandwidth, EMI protection, lower cost, lighter weight, ease of use and other factors. POF's main competitor copper is fast running out of steam. New applications are starting to appear in data centers, commercial aircraft, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), Internet of Things (IoT), machine vision, sensors for structural health monitoring, and home networking for Ultra High Definition TVs (UHD TV/4K and 8K), to only name a few.

This study presents a comprehensive and historical review of the POF business and should form the basis of future internal market research.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

Foreword

Table of Contents

E.0 Executive Summary

  • E.1.0 Introduction
  • E.2.0 Markets
  • E.2.1 Automobiles
  • E.2.2 Consumer Electronics
  • E.2.3 Industrial Controls
  • E.2.4 Interconnection
  • E.2.5 Home Networks
  • E.2.6 Medical
  • E.2.7 Homeland Security
  • E.3.0 POF as a Disruptive Technology
  • E.4.0 Market Forecasts
  • E.5.0 Technology
  • E.5.1 Fiber Loss Trends
  • E.5.2 Bandwidth Trends
  • E.5.3 Step Index (SI) and Graded Index (GI) PMMA
  • E.5.4 Perfluorinated Graded Index POF (PF GI-POF)
  • E.5.5 Other POF Technologies
  • E.6.0 POF Associations and Interest Groups Trends
  • E.7.0 What are the Major Impediments to Further Developments in the POF Industry?
  • E.8.0 New POF developments in 2012/2013
  • E.9.0 Opportunities
  • E.10.0 Market Demand

1.0 Introduction

2.0 Why POF?

  • 2.1 Ease of connectorization
  • 2.2 Durability
  • 2.3 Large diameter
  • 2.4 Lower Costs
  • 2.5 Fiber Costs
  • 2.6 Transmitters (Transceivers, Receivers)
  • 2.7 Space Division Multiplexing is Possible
  • 2.8 Receivers
  • 2.9 Connectors
  • 2.10 Test Equipment
  • 2.11 Installation
  • 2.12 Maintenance
  • 2.13 Ease of Handling
  • 2.14 Safety
  • 2.15 Bandwidth
  • 2.16 Developments of other types of fibers
  • 2.17 Many markets are open to POF
  • 2.18 Standards Situation is Improved
  • 2.19 Growth Potential
  • 2.20 Size Matters
  • 2.21 PF GI-POF Takes Advantage of Low-cost Components Developed for GOF

3.0 Comparison Between Copper, GOF, and POF

  • 3.1 An Installer's View
  • 3.1.1 Installation Issues
  • 3.1.2 Testing
  • 3.1.2.1 Do-it-yourself POF Kits
  • 3.1.2.2 Connectorless Connetions

4.0 POF Historical Development and Organization

  • 4.1 Historical Perspective
  • 4.2 POF Organizations Worldwide
    • 4.2.1 POF Developments in Japan
    • 4.2.2 POF in the US
    • 4.2.3 POF in Europe
      • 4.2.3.1 France
      • 4.2.3.2 Germany
      • 4.2.3.3 European Commission
    • 4.2.4 POF in Korea
    • 4.2.5 POF in Australia
    • 4.2.6 POF in Brazil
    • 4.2.7 POF in China
    • 4.2.8 Others

5.0 Technical Characteristics of POF Fibers Systems

  • 5.1 Basic Technical Components of Optical Fiber Systems
  • 5.2 Types of Optical Fibers
    • 5.2.1 Step Index Fibers
    • 5.2.2 Multimode Graded Index Fiber (MMF)
    • 5.2.3 Single-mode Fibers (SMF)
  • 5.3 Plastic Optical Fibers
    • 5.3.1 Materials used for POF
    • 5.3.2 Attenuation
    • 5.3.3 Perfluorinated POF
      • 5.3.4.1 How Numerical Aperture of Fiber Affects Bandwidth
      • 5.3.4.2 Methods to Increase Bandwidth
      • 5.3.4.3 Increased Bandwidth Using Low-NA Source
    • 5.3.5 Graded Index PMMA POF (GI-POF)
    • 5.3.6 Perflourinated (PF) Graded Index POF (GI-POF)
    • 5.3.7 Partially Chlorinated GI-POF
      • 5.3.7.1 New GI PTCEMA
    • 5.3.8 High-temperature Plastic Optical Fibers
      • 5.3.8.1 Polystyrene
      • 5.3.8.2 The Advantages of Polystyrene
    • 5.3.9 Photonic Crystal Microstructured Polymer Optical Fibers
      • 5.3.9.1 Microstructured Polymer Fibers
    • 5.3.10 Summary Performance of PMMA and PF-GI POF (SI and GI)
    • 5.3.11 Environmental Effects on POF
    • 5.3.12 Manufacturing Methods of POF
      • 5.3.12.1 Extrusion
      • 5.3.12.2 Preform Drawing
      • 5.3.12.3 Manufacturing Graded Index PMMA POF
      • 5.3.12.4 Manufacturing PF GI-POF
      • 5.3.12.5 Continuous Extrusion Process
      • 5.3.12.5 Continu ous Extrusion Process

6.Light Sources

  • 6.1 LEDs
    • 6.1.1 Low NA LED
    • 6.1.2 Low NA LED Source Perspective for POF Data Link
    • 6.1.3 Materials and Available LED Wavelengths
    • 6.1.4 Gigabit Links Using LEDs
  • 6.2 Resonant Cavity LEDs (RC-LEDs)
  • 6.3 Laser Diodes
  • 6.4 Vertical Cavity Surface Emitting Lasers (VCSELs)
    • 6.4.1 Data Links Using Red VCSELS
    • 6.4.2 Red VCSEL Transceivers for Gigabit Transmission over POF
  • 6.5 Outlook for POF Green and Blue Sources
  • 6.6 High Speed POF Receivers

7.0 Optical Connectors and Splicing

  • 7.1 Connectorization
    • 7.1.1 POF Connector Requirements
    • 7.1.2 ATM Forum
  • 7.2 POF Connect Types
    • 7.2.1 PN Connector
    • 7.2.2 Small Multimedia Interface (SMI)
    • 7.2.3 IDB-1394 POF Interface and Latch Connector for Automotive Use
    • 7.2.4 Packard Hughes Interconnect
    • 7.2.5 Optical Mini Jack
    • 7.2.6 Panduit Poly-Jack - RJ-45 Type
    • 7.2.7 MOST Automotive Connector and Header System
  • 7.3 Splicing
    • 7.3.1 Brookhaven Industrial Laboratory
    • 7.3.2 Mechanical Splices
    • 7.3.3 Ultrasonic Splicing
  • 7.4 OptoLock - Connectorless Connection
  • 7.5 Ballpoint Connector

8.0 Couplers

  • 8.1 Optical Busses and Cross-connects
  • 8.2 Switches using Couplers

9.0 POF Cables

10.0 Integrated Optics

  • 10.1 Planar Waveguides and Other Passive Devices
  • 10.2 Holograms

11.0 Lenses

  • 11.1 Polymeric Lenses
    • 11.1.1 Ball Point Pen Collimator Lens
  • 11.2 High-efficiency Optical Concentrators for POF

12.0 Fiber Bragg Gratings

13.0 Optical Amplifiers

  • 13.1 Keio University
  • 13.2 Model for Analyzing the Factors in the Performance of Dye-Doped POF Lasers
  • 13.3 Plastic Optical Fiber with Embedded Organic Semiconductors for Signal Amplification

14.0 Test Equipment

  • 14.1 OTDRs

15.0 POF Systems - Ethernet Example

16.0 POF Hardware for Ethernet

  • 16.1 Commercial Silicon for Gigabit Communication over SI-POF
  • 16.2 Ethernet POF Media Converter for ITU Standard G.hn
  • 16.3 G.hn Chip Sets
  • 16.4 Gigabit Ethernet Standard
  • 16.5 Gigabit Ethernet OptoLock

17.0 Illustrative Examples of POF Data Communications Applications

  • 17.1 Introduction
  • 17.2 Range of Applications 17.3 Optocoupler Applications
  • 17.4 Printed Circuit Board (PCB) Interconnects
  • 17.5 Digital Audio Interface
  • 17.6 Avionic Data Links
    • 17.6.1 Practical Experience in Military and Civilian Avionic Systems
    • 17.6.2 McDonald Douglas
    • 17.6.3 Boeing
    • 17.6.4 Requirements for POF in Commercial Aircraft -Boeing
  • 17.7 Automotive Applications of POF
    • 17.7.1 Automotive Harness Trends
    • 17.7.2 Increase in Electronic Content
      • 17.7.2.1 Different Data Busses in Automobiles
    • 17.7.3 Automobile Standards
      • 17.7.3.1 MOST Standard
      • 17.7.3.2 1394 Automotive Working Group and IDB
  • 17.8 Local Area Networks
    • 17.8.1.1 POF vs. Glass Comparison
    • 17.8.1.2 Operating Experience
    • 17.8.2 Codenoll
    • 17.8.3 Mitsubishi Rayon
    • 17.8.4 NEC Corp. Ethernet
  • 17.9 IEEE 1394 FireWire
    • 17.9.1 Markets for 1394
    • 17.9.2 Transmission Media
    • 17.9.3 1394 as a Home Network
      • 17.9.3.1 IEEE 1394 Proposed Costs
  • 17.10 Tollbooth Applications
  • 17.11 Factory Automation
  • 17.12 Medical Applications
  • 17.13 High Voltage Isolation
  • 17.14 Home Networks
    • 17.14.1 CEBus
    • 17.14.2 Over the Top (OTT)
    • 17.14.3 "Capillary of Light" Home Network
  • 17.15 Test Equipment
  • 17.16 POF Sensors
  • 17.17 Security (Tempest)
  • 17.18 EMI/RFI
  • 17.19 Hydraulic Lifts
  • 17.20 Trains
  • 17.21 Controller Area Network (CAN)
  • 17.22 Point-of-sale Terminals
  • 17.23 Robotics
  • 17.24 Programmable Controllers (PLC)
  • 17.25 Video Surveillance
  • 17.26 High-speed Video
  • 17.27 Home Video
  • 17.28 Digital Signage

18.0 POF Cost Comparisons

  • 18.1 Avago Cost Trade-off White Paper

19.0 POF and Related Standards

  • 19.1 What drives standards?
  • 19.2 Trends in POF Standards
  • 19.3 History of the Development of POF Standards
    • 19.3.1 IEC
  • 19.4 Present Standards that Include POF
    • 19.4.1 Process Control
      • 19.4.1.1 Profibus
      • 19.4.1.2 SERCOS (Serial Realtime Communication System)
      • 19.4.1.3 Interbus
    • 19.4.2 Automotive Standards
      • 19.4.2.1 MOST
      • 19.4.2.2 IDB-1394
      • 19.4.2.3 ByteFlight
      • 19.4.2.4 CEA Aftermarket
    • 19.4.3 Computer Standards
      • 19.4.3.1 ATM
      • 19.4.3.2 IEEE-1394
      • 19.4.3.3 Storage Area Networks
      • 19.4.3.4 Supercomputers/Servers
      • 19.4.3.5 Datacenters
    • 19.4.4 Home Standards
      • 19.4.4.1 CEBUS
      • 19.4.4.2 ATM Forum Residential Broadband
      • 19.4.4.3 IEEE-1394 Home Networking
      • 19.4.4.4 ITU G.h
    • 19.4.5 Consumer Electronics and "Over the Top"
      • 19.4.5.1 Active Optical Cables
      • 19.4.5.2 Over-the-Top-Enabled Devices

20.0 Components and Testing

  • 20.1 Introduction
  • 20.2 IEC
  • 20.3 VDI/VDE
  • 20.4 Standards Summary

21.0 POF Components - Present Status

  • 21.1 POF Fibers
    • 21.1.1 Mitsubishi Rayon
    • 21.1.2 Asahi Kasei
    • 21.1.3 Toray Industries Inc.
    • 21.1.4 Shenzhen Dasheng Optoelectronic Technology Co. Ltd.
    • 21.1.5 Asahi Glass
    • 21.1.6 Nanoptics
    • 21.1.7 OFS-Fitel (now Chromis Fiber Optics)
    • 21.1.8 Redfern Polymer (Cactus Fiber) (Kiriama)
    • 21.1.9 Nexans
    • 21.1.10 Fuji Film
    • 21.1.11 Luvantix
    • 21.1.12 Optimedia
    • 21.1.13 Jiang Daisheng Co. Ltd.
    • 21.1.14 Sekisui Chemical Company

22.0 POF Suppliers

  • 22.1 POF Cables
  • 22.2 Semiconductors (Transceivers) for POF
    • 22.2.1 KDPOF
    • 22.2.2 CoolSilicon/CoolPOF
  • 22.3 Light Sources (Transceivers)
    • 22.3.1 Light Emitting Diodes (LEDs)
    • 22.3.2 Resonant Cavity LEDs (RC-LEDs)
    • 22.3.3 Laser Diodes
    • 22.3.4 VCSELs
  • 22.4 Photodiodes
  • 22.5 Connectors
    • 22.5.1 Connectorless Technologies
  • 22.6 Couplers
  • 22.7 Test Equipment
  • 22.8 Splicing
  • 22.9 Media Converters
  • 22.10 Data Links
  • 22.11 POF Networks
  • 22.12 IPTV Equipment Providers
  • 22.13 Other POF Passive Components
  • 22.14 Other Active Components

23.0 POF Component Price Trends

  • 23.1 Impact of the MOST Standard
  • 23.2 POF Fiber Pricing
    • 23.2.1 Step Index Fibers
    • 23.2.2 Graded Index POF
  • 23.3 Cables
  • 23.4 Cable Assemblies
  • 23.5 POF Transmitters and Receivers
  • 23.5.1 MOST Pricing
  • 23.6 Conclusions for POF Data Components
  • 23.7 Graded Index PMMA POF
  • 23.8 Perfluorinated GI-POF
  • 23.9 Partially Chlorinated Polymer
  • 23.10 Price targets for POF Components

24.0 Market Drivers

  • 24.1 Technology
  • 24.2 Standards
  • 24.3 Market Needs
  • 24.4 Government Funding
  • 24.5 Education of End Users
  • 24.6 Marketing Push
  • 24.7 Lack of Major Player
  • 24.8 Resistance to Change and Imbedded Infrastructure

25.0 POF Markets and Forecasts

  • 25.1 Automotive Market
    • 25.1.1 How Big is the Market?
  • 25.2 Consumer Electronics Market
    • 25.2.1 Connected TV Device Ownership
  • 25.3 POF Industrial Controls Market and IoT Market
  • 25.4 Home Market and IPTV / Ultra HD TV (4K&8K)
    • 25.4.1 Market Forecast
    • 25.4.2 UHD TV 4K/8K
  • 25.5 Interconnect Market
  • 25.6 Medical Market
  • 25.7 Total POF Market Potential

26.0 POF Activities in Various Countries

  • 26.1 US
  • 26.2 Plastic Optical Fiber Organization in Japan
  • 26.3 POF in Europe
    • 26.3.1 French Plastic Optical Fibre Club (FOP)
    • 26.3.2 POF in Germany
  • 26.3.3 POF in the UK
  • 26.4 POF in Brazil
  • 26.5 POF in Korea
  • 26.6 Spain
  • 26.7 Australia

27.0 Opportunities in the Emerging POF Business

  • 27.1 Cables and Fiber
  • 27.2 Connectors
  • 27.3 Sources
  • 27.4 Couplers
  • 27.5 Test Equipment
  • 27.6 Splicing
  • 27.7 Hardware
  • 27.8 Data Links
  • 27.9 Distribution
  • 27.10 Design and Engineering
  • 27.11 Converters
  • 27.12 Systems Suppliers

28.0 Strategies for Success in the POF Market

References

  • Appendix 1: Avago White Paper on POF Sensors
  • Appendix 2: Avago White Paper on Fiber vs. Copper Links
  • Appendix 3: 15 Years Polymer Optical Fiber Application Center - A Summary
  • Appendix 4: List of POF Conferences, POF Symposia and POF WORLD
  • Appendix 5: Mitsubishi Pencil and KPRI's 4K/8K connector through multiple GI POF micro-collimators based on ball-point pen technology
Back to Top