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Market Research Report

LPWAN Market Report 2018-2023

Published by IoT Analytics GmbH Product code 710671
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LPWAN Market Report 2018-2023
Published: September 27, 2018 Content info:
Description

Industry Market Report examining the Low-Power Wide-Area Networks (LPWAN) space. Including:

  • Market size & outlook 2017-2023, by technology, spectrum type, deployment type, revenue type, market segment and region
  • Technical analysis of 7 major LPWAN technologies
  • Overview of 16 other technologies related to LPWAN
  • List of 150+ key vendors active in the LPWAN space
  • Detailed analysis of 37 key use cases over 9 market segments
  • 10 examples of successful deployments of LPWAN Technologies

Low-Power Wide-Area Networks (LPWANs) are a set of emerging wireless technologies designed to provide low-power, long-range connectivity to massive numbers of IoT devices at low cost. As such, they complement existing wireless technologies in addressing the wide range of requirements of IoT use cases and applications.

This 260-page report examines the LPWAN market in details providing a market sizing & outlook by region, by technology and by application until 2023 and highlighting some of the most important market trends. In addition, it contains insights on the technical capabilities of different LPWAN technologies, their business models and ecosystem and their main application scenarios.

FIND OUT:

  • What are LPWANs and how they achieve their goals of low-power, long-range communication at low cost
  • How the different LPWAN technologies compare to each (technical features, business model, ecosystem)
  • What are the key use cases targeted by LPWAN and how well different LPWANs address their requirements
  • How big is the LPWAN market today and how fast it is growing
  • What are the factors and trends playing a role in the evolution of the LPWAN market
  • Which LPWAN technologies are leading the market growth, and their market shares
  • What type of network deployment will emerge as the most adopted (private or public)
  • How the LPWAN market is developing over 9 market segments
  • How the LPWAN market is developing over 5 regions

AT A GLANCE

The evolving LPWAN market continues to exhibit strong momentum as both world-wide public network roll-outs and private network deployments proceed fast. This momentum is driving strong growth in LPWAN adoption as the number of connected devices is forecasted to grow at 109% per year until 2023. While the market fragmentation remains high, NB-IoT, LoRa and Sigfox are emerging as the most popular LPWAN both in terms of end-user adoption and ecosystem support, with the first two forecasted to be the dominant technologies over the forecasted period in public network and private network deployments respectively.

The LPWAN report forecasts a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) for LPWAN connections of 109% over the time frame of 2017-2023, with annual spending for connectivity surpassing US$4.5Billion by 2023.

These numbers are based on the analysis of world-wide LPWAN network roll-outs and state of adoption across 9 industry segments (Agriculture & Forestry, Buildings & Infrastructure, Healthcare, Home & Consumer, Industrial, Retail, Smart Cities, Transportation, Supply Chain & Logistics, and Utilities). The market is broken down into 5 technologies (Sigfox, LoRa, NB-IoT, LTE-M, Others), 5 regions (Asia Pacific, Europe, North America, Middle East and Africa, Latin America), 2 spectrum types (Unlicensed and licensed), 2 deployment types (public networks, private networks), and 2 revenue types (IoT modules and connectivity data plans).

In developing the 250-page report, the analyst team at IoT Analytics studied over 25 communication technologies that offer a combination of low-cost, low-power, long-range communication for large numbers of devices, and looked into more than 150 companies either offering network access and/or services or developing products or solutions based on these technologies. Further input to the report included 40+ industry interviews and numerous expert discussions at 10+ leading IoT conferences.

The report analyzes in detail 7 of the major LPWAN technologies today - Sigfox, LoRa, RPMA, Weightless, LTE-M, NB-IoT and EC-GSM - discussing their technical features, ecosystem and business model, and provides a brief overview of 16 other technologies that are similar or complementary to LPWAN (e.g., Wi-SUN, Thingstream, Telensa, NB-Fi).

The report also examines 37 key use cases over 9 market segments, discussing their application requirements and analyzing how well each of the major LPWAN technologies is suitable to satisfy these requirements. On top of that, 10 examples of successful deployments of LPWAN Technologies are presented to give a good representation of where the market is at today.

PREVIEW

COMPANIES MENTIONED (SELECTED)

Actility, Advantech, Altair Semiconductor, AT&T, ATIM, Behr Technologies, Bouygues Telecom, China Mobile, China Telecom, China Unicom. Chunghwa Telecom, Cisco, Comcast, Deutsche Telekom, Engie M2M, Ericsson, Etilasat, Flashnet, Gemalto, Helium, Hiber, Huawei Technologies, Ingenu, Kamstrup A/S, KDDI Corporation, Kerlink, KONCAR Group, KPN, Libelium, Link Labs, Loriot, MEC Telematik, Microchip, Nokia, nWave, NXP Semiconductors, ofo, ON Semiconductor, OnePlus Systems, Orange, Pietro Fiorentini, Proximus, Pycom, Qualcomm, Quectel, Renesas Electronics, Samsung, Sat4M2M.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

Executive Summary

1. Introduction to LPWAN Networks

  • 1.1. LPWAN design goals
    • 1.1.1. Techniques to achieve LPWAN design goals
  • 1.2. Historical background
  • 1.3. Comparing LPWAN Networks to existing wireless technologies
    • 1.3.1. Short-Range Wireless Networks
    • 1.3.2. Medium-Range Wireless Networks
    • 1.3.3. Cellular Networks
    • 1.3.4. Satellite Networks
  • 1.4. LPWAN position in the IoT Tech Stack

2. Fundamental wireless concepts of LPWAN

  • 2.1. Radio Spectrum Licensing
  • 2.2. IoT network topology
    • 2.2.1. LPWAN Connectivity architecture
  • 2.3. Link Budget
    • 2.3.1. Overview & Definition
    • 2.3.2. Technical details
  • 2.4. Receiver Sensitivity
    • 2.4.1. Overview & Definition
    • 2.4.2. Technical Details
  • 2.5. Signal-to-Noise Ratio (SNR)
    • 2.5.1. Overview & Definition
    • 2.5.2. Technical Details
  • 2.6. Channel capacity
    • 2.6.1. Overview & Definition
    • 2.6.2. Technical Details
  • 2.7. Modulation
    • 2.7.1. Overview & Definition
    • 2.7.2. Technical details
  • 2.8. Bandwidth Occupancy
    • 2.8.1. Overview & Definition
    • 2.8.2. Observations on LPWAN bandwidth occupancy
  • 2.9. Spread Spectrum Techniques
    • 2.9.1. Overview & Definition
    • 2.9.2. Technical Details
  • 2.10. Multiple access protocols
    • 2.10.1. Overview & Definition
    • 2.10.2. Classification of multiple access protocols for wireless channels

3. Overview of current LPWAN Technologies

  • 3.1. Sigfox
    • 3.1.1. Description
    • 3.1.2. Technical Overview
    • 3.1.3. Business Model/Go-to-market strategy
    • 3.1.4. Ecosystem
    • 3.1.5. SWOT Analysis
  • 3.2. LoRa
    • 3.2.1. Description
    • 3.2.2. Technical Details
    • 3.2.3. Business Model/Go-to-market strategy
    • 3.2.4. Ecosystem
    • 3.2.5. SWOT analysis
  • 3.3. RPMA (Ingenu)
    • 3.3.1. Description
    • 3.3.2. Technical Details
    • 3.3.3. Business Model/Go-to-market strategy
    • 3.3.4. Ecosystem
    • 3.3.5. SWOT Analysis
  • 3.4. Weightless
    • 3.4.1. Description
    • 3.4.2. Technical Overview
    • 3.4.3. Business Model/Go-to-market strategy
    • 3.4.4. Ecosystem
    • 3.4.5. SWOT analysis
  • 3.5. LTE-M
    • 3.5.1. Description
    • 3.5.2. Technical Overview
    • 3.5.3. Business Model/Go-to-market strategy
    • 3.5.4. Ecosystem
    • 3.5.5. SWOT analysis
  • 3.6. NB-IoT
    • 3.6.1. Description
    • 3.6.3. Business Model/Go-to-market strategy
    • 3.6.4. Ecosystem
    • 3.6.5. SWOT analysis
  • 3.7. EC-GSM-IoT
    • 3.7.1. Description
    • 3.7.2. Technical Overview
    • 3.7.3. Business Model/Go-to-market strategy
    • 3.7.4. Ecosystem
    • 3.7.5. SWOT analysis
  • 3.8. Other relevant technologies
    • 3.8.1. Secondary LPWAN technologies
    • 3.8.2. Non-LPWAN technologies

4. LPWAN Applications and Use Cases

  • 4.1. General Analysis of application requirements
  • 4.2. Analysis of LPWAN application suitability
    • 4.2.1. Agriculture & Forestry
    • 4.2.2. Building & Infrastructure
    • 4.2.3. Healthcare
    • 4.2.4. Home & Consumer
    • 4.2.5. Industrial
    • 4.2.6. Retail
    • 4.2.7. Smart City
    • 4.2.8. Transportation, Supply Chain and Logistics
    • 4.2.9. Utilities
  • 4.3. Selected Case Studies and success stories
    • 4.3.1. Agriculture: Precision Viticulture with LoRa
    • 4.3.2. Healthcare: Assisted Living
    • 4.3.3. Consumer: Shared Bicycle
    • 4.3.4. Industrial: Digital Oilfield with RPMA
    • 4.3.5. Smart City: Connected Street Lighting
    • 4.3.6. Smart City: Smart Parking
    • 4.3.7. Smart City: Waste Management
    • 4.3.8. Supply Chain: Cold Chain Food Traceability with LoRa
    • 4.3.9. Utilities: Smart Water Metering with NB-IoT
    • 4.3.10. Utilities: Smart Energy Metering

5. Market dynamics, sizing and outlook

  • 5.1. Market Overview
    • 5.1.1. Market evolution in three phases
    • 5.1.2. Other industry trends
  • 5.2. Overall Market
    • 5.2.1. Global Market Revenues
  • 5.3. Market by technology
    • 5.3.1. Connections by Spectrum type
    • 5.3.2. Connections by LPWAN Technology
    • 5.3.3. Connections by Network Deployment type
  • 5.4. Market by Segment
    • 5.4.1. Overview
    • 5.4.2. Agriculture & Forestry
    • 5.4.3. Buildings & Infrastructure
    • 5.4.4. Healthcare
    • 5.4.5. Home & Consumer
    • 5.4.6. Industrial
    • 5.4.7. Retail
    • 5.4.8. Smart Cities & Communities
    • 5.4.9. Transportation, Supply Chain & Logistic
    • 5.4.10. Utilities
  • 5.5. Market by Region
    • 5.5.1. North America
    • 5.5.2. Europe
    • 5.5.3. Asia Pacific (APAC)
    • 5.5.4. Latin America
    • 5.5.5. Middle East & Africa

Appendix

  • A. Research Methodology and Market Sizing
  • B. List of Exhibits
  • C. List of Tables
  • D. List of Acronyms
  • About
  • Selected recent publications
  • Upcoming publications
  • Subscription
  • Newsletter
  • Author
  • Contact Us
  • Copyright

List of Exhibits

  • Exhibit 1: Fundamentals of LPWAN technologies
  • Exhibit 2: Positioning of wireless technologies based on their peak data rate and maximum theoretical communication range (Source: IoT Analytics)
  • Exhibit 3: The technology stack of the Internet of Things (Source: IoT Analytics)
  • Exhibit 4: Distribution of network nodes in star and mesh network topologies
  • Exhibit 5: Typical LPWAN end-to-end communication architecture
  • Exhibit 6: Example of link budget calculation along the radio path between a transmitter and a receiver
  • Exhibit 7: Performance comparison of different digital modulation schemes
  • Exhibit 8: Example showing the difference between analog (a) and digital (b) modulations of a carrier's amplitude
  • Exhibit 9: Example showing how spread spectrum techniques modify a signal's power density and bandwidth occupancy (Source: Internet search)
  • Exhibit 10: High level overview of current LPWAN and comparative technologies
  • Exhibit 11: Sigfox's “Flat” Network Architecture (Source: Sigfox)
  • Exhibit 12: LoRaWAN protocol stack (Source: LoRa Alliance)
  • Exhibit 13: Structure of a LoRaWAN packet (Source: LoRa Alliance)
  • Exhibit 14: Overall ranking of LPWAN technologies based on their level of suitability over the 37 selected use cases
  • Exhibit 15: LPWAN Market evolution in three phases.
  • Exhibit 16: Global LPWAN connections 2017-2023 (Source: IoT Analytics)
  • Exhibit 17: Global LPWAN market revenues 2017-2023 (Source: IoT Analytics)
  • Exhibit 18: Global LPWAN connections by spectrum type (Source: IoT Analytics)
  • Exhibit 19: Global LPWAN connections by technology type 2017-2023 (Source: IoT Analytics)
  • Exhibit 20: Global LPWAN market shares by technology, 2017-2023 (Source: IoT Analytics)
  • Exhibit 21: Global LPWAN connections by network deployment type 2017-2023 (Source: IoT Analytics)
  • Exhibit 22: Global market shares of public LPWAN connections, 2017-2023 (Source: IoT Analytics)
  • Exhibit 23: Global market shares of private LPWAN connections, 2017-2023 (Source: IoT Analytics)
  • Exhibit 24: LPWAN Market shares by technology and market segment in 2017 (Source: IoT Analytics)
  • Exhibit 25: Global LPWAN connections by market segment, 2017-2023 (Source: IoT Analytics)
  • Exhibit 26: Global LPWAN connections within the Agriculture & Forestry segment, 2017-2023 (Source: IoT Analytics)
  • Exhibit 27: Global LPWAN connections within the Buildings & Infrastructure segment, 2017-2023 (Source: IoT Analytics)
  • Exhibit 28: Global LPWAN connections within the Healthcare segment, 2017-2023 (Source: IoT Analytics)
  • Exhibit 29: Global LPWAN connections within the Home & Consumer segment, 2017-2023 (Source: IoT Analytics)
  • Exhibit 30: Global LPWAN connections within the Industrial segment, 2017-2023 (Source: IoT Analytics)
  • Exhibit 31: Global LPWAN connections within the Retail segment, 2017-2023 (Source: IoT Analytics)
  • Exhibit 32: Global LPWAN connections within the Smart Cities & Communities segment, 2017-2023 (Source: IoT Analytics)
  • Exhibit 33: Global LPWAN connections within the Transportation, Supply Chain & Logistics segment, 2017-2023 (Source: IoT Analytics)
  • Exhibit 34: Global LPWAN connections within the Utilities segment, 2017-2023 (Source: IoT Analytics)
  • Exhibit 35: LPWAN Market shares by technology and region in 2017 (Source: IoT Analytics)
  • Exhibit 36: Global LPWAN connections by region, 2017-2023 (Source: IoT Analytics)
  • Exhibit 37: LPWAN Connections in North America, 2017-2023 (Source: IoT Analytics)
  • Exhibit 38: LPWAN Connections in Europe, 2017-2023 (Source: IoT Analytics)
  • Exhibit 39: LPWAN Connections in Asia Pacific, 2017-2023 (Source: IoT Analytics)
  • Exhibit 40: LPWAN Connections in Latin America, 2017-2023 (Source: IoT Analytics)
  • Exhibit 41: LPWAN Connections in Middle East & Africa, 2017-2023 (Source: IoT Analytics)

List of Tables

  • Table 1: Overview of the 10 wireless concepts discussed in this chapter
  • Table 2: Pros and cons of star and mesh networks
  • Table 3: Pros and Cons of the different digital modulation schemes
  • Table 4: Pros and Cons of Narrowband and Wideband Systems
  • Table 5: High level comparison of the main LPWAN technologies
  • Table 6: List of 20 key vendors of Sigfox products and solutions
  • Table 7: List of 15 key Sigfox Network Operators
  • Table 8: SWOT analysis of Sigfox
  • Table 9: List of 20 key vendors of LoRa products and solutions
  • Table 10: List of key LoRaWAN Network Operators
  • Table 11: SWOT Analysis of LoRa
  • Table 12: List of 20 key vendors of RPMA products and solutions
  • Table 13: List of 5 known RPMA public operators
  • Table 14: SWOT Analysis of RPMA
  • Table 15: SWOT Analysis of Weightless
  • Table 16: List of 13 key vendors of LTE-M products and solutions
  • Table 17: List of 12 key LTE-M Network Operators
  • Table 18: SWOT Analysis of LTE-M
  • Table 19: List of 20 key vendors of NB-IoT products and solutions
  • Table 20: List of 28 key NB-IoT network operators
  • Table 21: SWOT Analysis of NB-IoT
  • Table 22: List of the 17 companies supporting the development of EC-GSM
  • Table 23: SWOT Analysis of EC-GSM
  • Table 24: Comparison table of other LPWAN technologies (1 out of 3)
  • Table 25: Comparison table of other LPWAN technologies (2 out of 3)
  • Table 26: Comparison table of other LPWAN technologies (3 out of 3)
  • Table 27: Comparison table of non-LPWAN technologies addressing similar use cases (1 out of 2)
  • Table 28: Comparison table of non-LPWAN technologies addressing similar use cases (2 out of 2)
  • Table 29: Definitions and possible values of the criteria used to analyse application requirements (1-6) (Source: IoT Analytics)
  • Table 30: Definitions and possible values of the criteria used to analyse application requirements (7-12) (Source: IoT Analytics)
  • Table 31: General application requirements of the analysed market segments (1-5) (Source: IoT Analytics)
  • Table 32: General application requirements of the analysed market segments (6-9) (Source: IoT Analytics)
  • Table 33: Technical suitability of LPWANs for the selected key use cases (market segments 1-5)
  • Table 34: Technical suitability of LPWANs for the selected key use cases (market segments 6-9)
  • Table 35: Application requirements of key use cases within the Agriculture & Forestry market segment (Source: IoT Analytics)
  • Table 36: Technical Suitability of LPWANs for key Agriculture & Forestry use cases (Source: IoT Analytics)
  • Table 37: Application requirements of key use cases within the Building & Infrastructure market segment (Source: IoT Analytics)
  • Table 38: Technical Suitability of LPWANs for key Building & Infrastructure use cases (Source: IoT Analytics)
  • Table 39: Application requirements of key use cases within the Healthcare market segment (Source: IoT Analytics)
  • Table 40: Technical Suitability of LPWANs for key Healthcare use cases (Source: IoT Analytics)
  • Table 41: Application requirements of key use cases within the Home & consumer market segment (Source: IoT Analytics)
  • Table 42: Technical Suitability of LPWANs for key Home & Consumer use cases (Source: IoT Analytics)
  • Table 43: Application requirements of key use cases within the Industrial market segment (Source: IoT Analytics)
  • Table 44: Technical Suitability of LPWANs for key Industrial use cases (Source: IoT Analytics)
  • Table 45: Application requirements of key use cases within the Retail market segment (Source: IoT Analytics)
  • Table 46: Technical Suitability of LPWANs for key Retail use cases (Source: IoT Analytics)
  • Table 47: Application requirements of key use cases within the Smart City market segment (Source: IoT Analytics)
  • Table 48: Technical Suitability of LPWANs for key Smart City use cases (Source: IoT Analytics)
  • Table 49: Application requirements of key use cases within the Transportation, Supply Chain and Logistics market segment (Source: IoT Analytics)
  • Table 50: Technical Suitability of LPWANs for key Transportation, Supply Chain and Logistics use cases (Source: IoT Analytics)
  • Table 51: Application requirements of key use cases within the Utilities market segment (Source: IoT Analytics)
  • Table 52: Technical Suitability of LPWANs for key Utilities use cases (Source: IoT Analytics)
  • Table 53: Overview of the 10 analysed case studies
  • Table 54: General information on the analyzed case study
  • Table 55: List of companies and institutions publicly involved in the case study
  • Table 56: General information on the analyzed case study
  • Table 57: List of companies and institutions publicly involved in the case study
  • Table 58: General information on the analyzed case study
  • Table 59: List of companies and institutions publicly involved in the case study
  • Table 60: General information on the analyzed case study
  • Table 61: List of companies and institutions publicly involved in the case study
  • Table 62: General information on the analyzed case study
  • Table 63: List of companies and institutions publicly involved in the case study
  • Table 64: General information on the analyzed case study
  • Table 65: List of companies and institutions publicly involved in the case study
  • Table 66: General information on the analyzed case study
  • Table 67: List of companies and institutions publicly involved in the case study
  • Table 68: General information on the analyzed case study
  • Table 69: List of companies and institutions publicly involved in the case study
  • Table 70: General information on the analyzed case study
  • Table 71: List of companies and institutions publicly involved in the case study
  • Table 72: General information on the analyzed case study
  • Table 73: List of companies and institutions publicly involved in the case study
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