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1044154

How's vRAN Doing These Days? Understanding How vRAN is More Fundamental than OpenRAN

Published: | Insight Research Corporation | Delivery time: 1-2 business days

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How's vRAN Doing These Days? Understanding How vRAN is More Fundamental than OpenRAN
Published: December 20, 2021
Insight Research Corporation
Delivery time: 1-2 business days
  • Description
  • Table of Contents

In the past, we have sought to distinguish the VM-based vRAN markets as VNFs and container-based vRAN markets as CNFs. Considering that containers do technically qualify as VNFs, and most VNF vendors have containerization of network functions on their radars anyway, we had to relook at the earlier characterizations.

This report concentrates on the market for vRAN.

The report now considers two types of vRANs:

  • Virtual machine (VM)-based vRANs
  • Container-based vRANs

SAMPLE VIEWS

Figure 1-2:
Market Share for VM and Container-based vRAN 2021-2026

               Source: Insight Research

Figure 1-2:
Market Share for VM and Container-based vRAN 2021-2026

               Source: Insight Research

Scope

The Executive Summary presents the key discernible trends in the virtual RAN market along with a high-level view of the market size.

This chapter, Virtualization of Network Functions details the origins of VM and container-based network functions in general. The distinction between the two is detailed in order to understand how the perceived limitations in one type of virtualization led to the evolution of another type.

This chapter, Virtualization of the RAN, places virtualization in the realms of the RAN network function. The RAN presents one of the most critical network functions of the mobile telephone network. The proof of virtualization gaining mainstream status can be delivered convincingly only when these network functions can be meaningfully rendered in the virtual mode. To understand the journey of virtualization of the RAN, it is important to understand how the RAN has evolved through successive generations.

The chapter, Telco Profiles, examines the approach adopted by leading telcos vis-à-vis virtualization of the RAN.

This chapter, Solution Provider Profiles, identifies and categorises the vendors or solution providers; and analyses their initiatives in the context of the network functions covered. It lays special emphasis on container-based vRAN initiatives of these vendors. The chapter includes the profiles of key solution provider companies.

This chapter, Quantitative Forecasts, presents the quantitative forecasts of the VM and container-based vRAN market broken down by different criteria. The chapter also provides and overview of the research methodology and a snapshot of the report taxonomy.

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

  • 1.1. What about Open RAN?
  • 1.2. Has vRAN changed form?
    • 1.2.1. VM-based vRAN
    • 1.2.2. Container-based vRAN
  • 1.3. Market Overview

2. Virtualization of Network Functions

  • 2.1. Introduction
  • 2.2. VM-based Approach; a.k.a. NFV Earlier
    • 2.2.1. VNFi/NFVi
    • 2.2.2. MANO
      • 2.2.2.1. Virtualized Infrastructure Manager (VIM)
      • 2.2.2.2. VNF Manager (VNFM)
      • 2.2.2.3. NFV Orchestrator (NFVO)
    • 2.2.3. VNF
  • 2.3. Container-based Approach; a.k.a. CNF Earlier
    • 2.3.1. What are Containers?
    • 2.3.2. Microservices
    • 2.3.3. Container Morphology
      • 2.3.3.1. Provisioning and Run-time Management Block
        • 2.3.3.1.1. Docker Engine
      • 2.3.3.2. Orchestration Block
        • 2.3.3.2.1. Kubernetes
      • 2.3.3.3. Application Deployment Block
    • 2.3.4. CNCF
  • 2.4. Contrasting VMs and Containers

3. Virtualization of the RAN

  • 3.1. The RAN and its Evolution
    • 3.1.1. Closer Look at E-UTRAN
    • 3.1.2. 5G- NR, NSA and SA
    • 3.1.3. MEC
  • 3.2. The Progression of the RAN to the vRAN
  • 3.3. How VM-based and Container-based vRANs Compare?
    • 3.3.1. The Need for Containers
      • 3.3.1.1. Advantage Containers
      • 3.3.1.2. Challenges Confronting Containers
    • 3.3.2. The Rigid CPRI
  • 3.4. RAN Virtualization - A Story of Alliances
    • 3.4.1. O-RAN Alliance
      • 3.4.1.1. Architecture and Approach to RAN Layer Split
    • 3.4.2. Open vRAN (O-vRAN)
      • 3.4.2.1. Architecture and Approach to RAN Layer Split
    • 3.4.3. Telecom Infra Project (TIP) OpenRAN
      • 3.4.3.1. Architecture and Approach to RAN Layer Split

4. Telco Profiles

  • 4.1. Telco profiles
  • 4.2. Airtel
    • 4.2.1. VM and Container-based vRAN Initiatives
  • 4.3. AT&T
    • 4.3.1. VM and Container-based vRAN Initiatives
  • 4.4. BT
    • 4.4.1. VM and Container-based vRAN Initiatives
  • 4.5. China Mobile
    • 4.5.1. VM and Container-based vRAN Initiatives
  • 4.6. China Telecom
    • 4.6.1. VM and Container-based vRAN Initiatives
  • 4.7. China Unicom
    • 4.7.1. VM and Container-based vRAN Initiatives
  • 4.8. Deutsche Telekom
    • 4.8.1. VM and Container-based vRAN Initiatives
  • 4.9. Etisalat
    • 4.9.1. VM and Container-based vRAN Initiatives
  • 4.10. Jio
    • 4.10.1. VM and Container-based vRAN Initiatives
  • 4.11. KDDI
    • 4.11.1. VM and Container-based vRAN Initiatives
  • 4.12. KT
    • 4.12.1. VM and Container-based vRAN Initiatives
  • 4.13. LG Uplus
    • 4.13.1. VM and Container-based vRAN Initiatives
  • 4.14. M1 Singapore
    • 4.14.1. VM and Container-based vRAN Initiatives
  • 4.15. NTT DoCoMo
    • 4.15.1. VM and Container-based vRAN Initiatives
  • 4.16. Ooredoo
    • 4.16.1. VM and Container-based vRAN Initiatives
  • 4.17. Optus (Singtel Optus)
    • 4.17.1. VM and Container-based vRAN Initiatives
  • 4.18. Orange
    • 4.18.1. VM and Container-based vRAN Initiatives
  • 4.19. Rakuten
    • 4.19.1. VM and Container-based vRAN Initiatives
  • 4.20. Saudi Telecom (STC)
    • 4.20.1. VM and Container-based vRAN Initiatives
  • 4.21. Singtel
    • 4.21.1. VM and Container-based vRAN Initiatives
  • 4.22. SK Telecom
    • 4.22.1. VM and Container-based vRAN Initiatives
  • 4.23. Softbank
    • 4.23.1. VM and Container-based vRAN Initiatives
  • 4.24. Swisscom
    • 4.24.1. VM and Container-based vRAN Initiatives
  • 4.25. T-Mobile
    • 4.25.1. VM and Container-based vRAN Initiatives
  • 4.26. TIM/Telecom Italia
    • 4.26.1. VM and Container-based vRAN Initiatives
  • 4.27. Telenor
    • 4.27.1. VM and Container-based vRAN Initiatives
  • 4.28. Telefonica
    • 4.28.1. VM and Container-based vRAN Initiatives
  • 4.29. Telia
    • 4.29.1. VM and Container-based vRAN Initiatives
  • 4.30. Telkom Indonesia
    • 4.30.1. VM and Container-based vRAN Initiatives
  • 4.31. Telstra
    • 4.31.1. VM and Container-based vRAN Initiatives
  • 4.32. Turk Telecom
    • 4.32.1. VM and Container-based vRAN Initiatives
  • 4.33. Turkcell
    • 4.33.1. VM and Container-based vRAN Initiatives
  • 4.34. Veon VimpelCom
    • 4.34.1. VM and Container-based vRAN Initiatives
  • 4.35. Verizon
    • 4.35.1. VM and Container-based vRAN Initiatives
  • 4.36. Vodafone
    • 4.36.1. VM and Container-based vRAN Initiatives

5. Solution Provider Profiles

  • 5.1. Containers and the Vendors
  • 5.2. Organization Categories
    • 5.2.1. Telecommunications Domain Experts
    • 5.2.2. DAS Specialists
    • 5.2.3. Equipment Vendors
    • 5.2.4. Independent Software Vendors (ISV)
    • 5.2.5. Semiconductor Specialists
    • 5.2.6. Hardware, OS and Firmware Specialists
    • 5.2.7. Niche Solution Developers
  • 5.3. Company Profiles
  • 5.4. 6WIND
    • 5.4.1. VM and Container-based vRAN Initiatives
      • 5.4.1.1. 6WINDGate
      • 5.4.1.2. Other Developments
  • 5.5. Accelleran
    • 5.5.1. VM and Container-based vRAN Initiatives
      • 5.5.1.1. dRAX
      • 5.5.1.2. Other Developments
  • 5.6. Airspan
    • 5.6.1. VM and Container-based vRAN Initiatives
      • 5.6.1.1. Air5G OpenRange
        • 5.6.1.1.1. OpenRANGE Software,
      • 5.6.1.2. AirSymphony
      • 5.6.1.3. Other Developments
  • 5.7. Altiostar
    • 5.7.1. VM and Container-based vRAN Initiatives
      • 5.7.1.1. Altiostar - vRAN
        • 5.7.1.1.1. Open vRAN software
        • 5.7.1.1.2. vBBU
        • 5.7.1.1.3. Radio
      • 5.7.1.2. Other Developments
  • 5.8. Amarisoft
    • 5.8.1. VM and Container-based vRAN Initiatives
      • 5.8.1.1. LTE and 5G NR software
      • 5.8.1.2. Other Developments
  • 5.9. ASOCS
    • 5.9.1. VM and Container-based vRAN Initiatives
      • 5.9.1.1. Cyrus 4.0
      • 5.9.1.2. Other Developments
  • 5.10. Cisco Systems
    • 5.10.1. VM and Container-based vRAN Initiatives
    • 5.10.2. Open vRAN
      • 5.10.2.1. Other Developments
  • 5.11. Commscope
    • 5.11.1. VM and Container-based vRAN Initiatives
      • 5.11.1.1. OneCell Controller
      • 5.11.1.2. Other Developments
  • 5.12. Dali Wireless
    • 5.12.1. VM and Container-based vRAN Initiatives
      • 5.12.1.1. Dali - Matrix vFI
      • 5.12.1.2. Other Developments
  • 5.13. Dell EMC
    • 5.13.1. VM and Container-based vRAN Initiatives
      • 5.13.1.1. Open Networking Switches
      • 5.13.1.2. Virtual Edge Platform
      • 5.13.1.3. Other Developments
  • 5.14. Ericsson
    • 5.14.1. VM and Container-based vRAN Initiatives
      • 5.14.1.1. Cloud Native Application (CNA)
      • 5.14.1.2. vRAN
      • 5.14.1.3. Cloud-native NFVi
      • 5.14.1.4. Cloud RAN
      • 5.14.1.5. Other Developments
  • 5.15. Huawei
    • 5.15.1. VM and Container-based vRAN Initiatives
      • 5.15.1.1. 5G RAN Gear
      • 5.15.1.2. Other Initiatives
  • 5.16. Intel
    • 5.16.1. VM and Container-based vRAN Initiatives
      • 5.16.1.1. RAN
      • 5.16.1.2. Silicon Photonics
      • 5.16.1.3. Other Developments
  • 5.17. JMA Wireless
    • 5.17.1. VM and Container-based vRAN Initiatives
      • 5.17.1.1. XRAN Adaptive Baseband Software
      • 5.17.1.2. Other Developments
  • 5.18. Mavenir
    • 5.18.1. VM and Container-based vRAN Initiatives
      • 5.18.1.1. 4G/5G OpenRAN
      • 5.18.1.2. vRAN
      • 5.18.1.3. Open vRAN
      • 5.18.1.4. Other Developments
  • 5.19. NEC/Netcracker
    • 5.19.1. VM and Container-based vRAN Initiatives
      • 5.19.1.1. Open vRAN
      • 5.19.1.2. Radio Units (RU)
      • 5.19.1.3. Other Developments
  • 5.20. Nokia
    • 5.20.1. VM and Container-based vRAN Initiatives
      • 5.20.1.1. Nokia - AirScale
      • 5.20.1.2. Other Developments
  • 5.21. Parallel Wireless
    • 5.21.1. VM and Container-based vRAN Initiatives
      • 5.21.1.1. OpenRAN
      • 5.21.1.2. Other Developments
  • 5.22. Phluido
    • 5.22.1. VM and Container-based vRAN Initiatives
      • 5.22.1.1. Phluido - vRAN Layer-1
      • 5.22.1.2. Radio-as-a-Service (RaaS)
      • 5.22.1.3. Other Developments
  • 5.23. Platform9
    • 5.23.1. VM and Container-based vRAN Initiatives
      • 5.23.1.1. Open-Source SaaS Managed Solution
      • 5.23.1.2. Other Developments
  • 5.24. Radisys
    • 5.24.1. VM and Container-based vRAN Initiatives
      • 5.24.1.1. MobilityEngine
      • 5.24.1.2. Open RAN
      • 5.24.1.3. Other Developments
  • 5.25. Red Hat
    • 5.25.1. VM and Container-based vRAN Initiatives
      • 5.25.1.1. OpenShift Container Platform
      • 5.25.1.2. Ansible
      • 5.25.1.3. Other Developments
  • 5.26. Robin.io
    • 5.26.1. VM and Container-based vRAN Initiatives
      • 5.26.1.1. Other Developments
  • 5.27. Samsung
    • 5.27.1. VM and Container-based vRAN Initiatives
      • 5.27.1.1. vRAN
      • 5.27.1.2. Other Developments
  • 5.28. VMware
    • 5.28.1. VM and Container-based vRAN Initiatives
      • 5.28.1.1. NSX
      • 5.28.1.2. X-Factor
      • 5.28.1.3. Telco Cloud Platform RAN
      • 5.28.1.4. Other Developments
  • 5.29. Wind River
    • 5.29.1. VM and Container-based vRAN Initiatives
      • 5.29.1.1. Titanium Cloud Product Portfolio
      • 5.29.1.2. Kubernetes
      • 5.29.1.3. Wind River Studio
      • 5.29.1.4. Other Developments
  • 5.30. ZTE
    • 5.30.1. VM and Container-based vRAN Initiatives
      • 5.30.1.1. TECS
      • 5.30.1.2. Other Developments

6. Quantitative Forecasts

  • 6.1. Report Taxonomy
  • 6.2. Research Methodology
  • 6.3. Foreword
    • 6.3.1. Container Morphology
    • 6.3.2. Deployment Methodology
    • 6.3.3. Geographical Regions
  • 6.4. Global Markets
    • 6.4.1. End Users
    • 6.4.2. RAN Morphology
    • 6.4.3. Hosting Modes
    • 6.4.4. Geographical Regions
  • 6.5. VM-based vRAN Market
    • 6.5.1. NFV Component
    • 6.5.2. End-user
    • 6.5.3. RAN Morphology
    • 6.5.4. Hosting Mode
    • 6.5.5. Geographical Regions
  • 6.6. Container-based vRAN Market
    • 6.6.1. Container Morphology
    • 6.6.2. End-user
    • 6.6.3. RAN Morphology
    • 6.6.4. Hosting Mode
    • 6.6.5. Deployment Methodology
    • 6.6.6. Geographical Regions

Figures & Tables

  • Figure 1-1: Global Market for VM and Container-based vRAN 2021-2026 ($ million)
  • Figure 1-2: Market Share for VM and Container-based vRAN 2021-2026
  • Figure 2-1: Interactive Cloud Native Technology Developer Landscape from CNCF
  • Figure 2-2: VNF versus CNF Stacks
  • Figure 3-1: O-RAN High-Level Architecture
  • Figure 3-1: O-RAN Reference Architecture
  • Figure 3-1: VNF versus CNF Stacks
  • Figure 3-2: Architecture of vRAN Base Station as Visualized by TIP.
  • Figure 5-2: Cloud Infrastructure Requirements as Visualized by Ericsson
  • Figure 5-3: NFVI Evolution
  • Figure 6-1: Taxonomy of the VM-based vRAN Market
  • Figure 6-2: Taxonomy of the Container-based vRAN Market
  • Figure 6-3: Global Market for VM and Container-based vRAN; by End-User 2021-2026 ($ million)
  • Figure 6-4: Market Share for VM and Container-based vRAN; by End-User 2021-2026
  • Figure 6-5: Global Market for VM and Container-based vRAN; by RAN Morphology 2021-2026 ($ million)
  • Figure 6-6: Market Share for VM and Container-based vRAN; by RAN Morphology 2021-2026
  • Figure 6-7: Global Market for VM and Container-based vRAN; by Hosting Mode 2021-2026 ($ million)
  • Figure 6-8: Market Share for VM and Container-based vRAN; by Hosting Mode 2021-2026
  • Figure 6-9: Global Market for VM and Container-based vRAN; by Region 2021-2026 ($ million)
  • Figure 6-10: Market Share for VM and Container-based vRAN; by Region 2021-2026
  • Figure 6-11: Global Market for VM-based vRAN; by NFV Component 2021-2026 ($ million)
  • Figure 6-12: Market Share for VM-based vRAN; by NFV Component 2021-2026
  • Figure 6-13: Global Market for VM-based vRAN; by End-User 2021-2026 ($ million)
  • Figure 6-14: Market Share for VM-based vRAN; by End-User 2021-2026
  • Figure 6-15: Global Market for VM-based vRAN; by RAN Morphology 2021-2026 ($ million)
  • Figure 6-16: Market Share for VM-based vRAN; by RAN Morphology 2021-2026
  • Figure 6-17: Global Market for VM-based vRAN; by Hosting Mode 2021-2026 ($ million)
  • Figure 6-18: Market Share for VM-based vRAN; by Hosting Mode 2021-2026
  • Figure 6-19: Global Market for VM-based vRAN; by Region 2021-2026 ($ million)
  • Figure 6-20: Market Share for VM-based vRAN; by Region 2021-2026
  • Figure 6-21: Global Market for Container-based vRAN, by CNF Morphology 2021-2026 ($ million)
  • Figure 6-22: Market Share for Container-based vRAN, by CNF Morphology 2021-2026
  • Figure 6-23: Global Market for Container-based vRAN; by End-User 2021-2026 ($ million)
  • Figure 6-24: Market Share for Container-based vRAN; by End-User 2021-2026
  • Figure 6-25: Global Market for Container-based vRAN; by RAN Morphology 2021-2026 ($ million)
  • Figure 6-26: Market Share for Container-based vRAN; by RAN Morphology 2021-2026
  • Figure 6-27: Global Market for Container-based vRAN; by Hosting Mode 2021-2026 ($ million)
  • Figure 6-28: Market Share for Container-based vRAN; by Hosting Mode 2021-2026
  • Figure 6-29: Global Market for Container-based vRAN, by Deployment Methodology 2021-2026 ($ million)
  • Figure 6-30: Market Share for Container-based vRAN, by Deployment Methodology 2021-2026
  • Figure 6-31: Global Market for Container-based vRAN, by Region 2021-2026 ($ million)
  • Figure 6-32: Market Share for Container-based vRAN, by Region 2021-2026
  • Table 1-1: Global Market for VM and Container-based vRAN 2021-2026 ($ million)
  • Table 6-1: Global Market for VM and Container-based vRAN; by End-User 2021-2026 ($ million)
  • Table 6-2: Global Market for VM and Container-based vRAN; by RAN Morphology 2021-2026 ($ million)
  • Table 6-3: Global Market for VM and Container-based vRAN; by Hosting Mode 2021-2026 ($ million)
  • Table 6-4: Global Market for VM and Container-based vRAN; by Region 2021-2026 ($ million)
  • Table 6-5: Global Market for VM-based vRAN; by NFV Component 2021-2026 ($ million)
  • Table 6-6: Global Market for VM-based vRAN; by End-User 2021-2026 ($ million)
  • Table 6-7: Global Market for VM-based vRAN; by RAN Morphology 2021-2026 ($ million)
  • Table 6-8: Global Market for VM-based vRAN; by Hosting Mode 2021-2026 ($ million)
  • Table 6-9: Global Market for VM-based vRAN; by Region 2021-2026 ($ million)
  • Table 6-10: Global Market for Container-based vRAN, by CNF Morphology 2021-2026 ($ million)
  • Table 6-11: Global Market for Container-based vRAN; by End-User 2021-2026 ($ million)
  • Table 6-12: Global Market for Container-based vRAN; by RAN Morphology 2021-2026 ($ million)
  • Table 6-13: Global Market for Container-based vRAN; by Hosting Mode 2021-2026 ($ million)
  • Table 6-14: Global Market for Container-based vRAN, by Deployment Methodology 2021-2026 ($ million)
  • Table 6-15: Global Market for Container-based vRAN, by Region 2021-2026 ($ million)