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Public Policies for UFB: Benchmarking 7 Countries in Relation to the Digital Agenda for Europe

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Public Policies for UFB: Benchmarking 7 Countries in Relation to the Digital Agenda for Europe
Published: June 3, 2016 Content info: 96 Pages
Description

This report explores ultra-fast broadband rollouts carried out as part of national government-backed plans, by taking a detailed look at the situation today in seven countries: France, Germany, Italy, Portugal, Spain, Sweden and the UK.

The report consists of two parts:

  • Monographs of each country, which include a description of the current situation (demographics, technologies used), background on national programmes, details on the current programme (targets, regulatory measures, funding), the technologies being deployed, network governance and monitoring tools.
  • A synthesis that delivers:
    • an analysis of the current status of national programmes in relation to the objectives set out in the Digital Agenda for Europe;
    • an analysis of the progress being made in coverage rates;
    • a description of the different monitoring and supervisory mechanisms in place for each national programme
Table of Contents
Product Code: M16408MR

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

2. Methodology & definitions

  • 2.1. General methodology of IDATE's reports
  • 2.2. Background and methodology specific to this report
    • 2.2.1. Background
    • 2.2.2. Report objective
    • 2.2.3. Geographical scope
    • 2.2.4. Resources employed

3. France

  • 3.1. Background
    • 3.1.1. A population density below the European average
    • 3.1.2. Optimal broadband coverage, but below the European average when it comes to SFB
  • 3.2. Pioneer public initiatives and the national superfast broadband programme (2010 - 2013)
  • 3.3. Details on the current programme: Plan France TrÃs Haut Débit
    • 3.3.1. Regional digital development targets
    • 3.3.2. Regulatory measures
    • 3.3.3. Measures contained in the national programme
  • 3.4. Technologies employed
  • 3.5. Programme governance
  • 3.6. Monitoring system

4. Germany

  • 4.1. Background
    • 4.1.1. Higher population density than the European average
    • 4.1.2. SFB coverage above the European average
  • 4.2. First programme in 2009 (Breitbandstrategy der Bundesregierung)
  • 4.3. Details on the current programme (Digital Agenda 2014 - 2017)
    • 4.3.1. Regional digital development targets
    • 4.3.2. Regulatory measures
    • 4.3.3. Measures contained in the national programme
    • 4.3.4. Digitale Strategie 2025
  • 4.4. Technologies employed
  • 4.5. Programme governance
  • 4.6. Monitoring system

5. Italy

  • 5.1. Background
    • 5.1.1. One of the highest population densities in Europe
    • 5.1.2. Lagging behind in SFB coverage
  • 5.2. National broadband plan (2009-2011)
  • 5.3. Superfast strategic plan (2013-2015)
  • 5.4. Details on the current programme (Nuova strategia BUL)
    • 5.4.1. Regional digital development targets
    • 5.4.2. Regulatory measures
    • 5.4.3. Measures contained in the national programme
  • 5.5. Technologies employed
  • 5.6. Programme governance
  • 5.7. Monitoring system

6. Portugal

  • 6.1. Background
    • 6.1.1. Contrasting situations between densely populated coastal areas and more sparsely populated areas in the interior
    • 6.1.2. More than nine out of ten households eligible for SFB
  • 6.2. The POSC (Programa Operacional da Sociedade do Conhecimento) kicked off back in 2006
  • 6.3. Details on the current programme (Agenda Portugal Digital)
    • 6.3.1. Regional digital development targets
    • 6.3.2. Regulatory measures
    • 6.3.3. Measures contained in the national programme
  • 6.4. Technologies employed
  • 6.5. Programme governance
  • 6.6. Monitoring system

7. Spain

  • 7.1. Background
    • 7.1.1. Very disparate regional densities
    • 7.1.2. Catching up on BB/SFB coverage and take-up, despite regional disparities
  • 7.2. Description of the current programme: the Digital Agenda for Spain
    • 7.2.1. Regional digital development targets
    • 7.2.2. Regulatory measures
    • 7.2.3. Financing measures
  • 7.3. Technologies employed
  • 7.4. Programme governance
  • 7.5. Monitoring system

8. Sweden

  • 8.1. Background
    • 8.1.1. A country of singular features
    • 8.1.2. Strong performance in both coverage and take-up
  • 8.2. Details on the current programme (Broadband Strategy for Sweden)
    • 8.2.1. Regional digital development targets
    • 8.2.2. Regulatory measures
    • 8.2.3. Financing measures
  • 8.3. Technologies employed
  • 8.4. Programme governance
  • 8.5. Monitoring system

9. The United Kingdom

  • 9.1. Background
    • 9.1.1. Demographic features
    • 9.1.2. Coverage and take-up: UK one of Europe's leaders
  • 9.2. Description of the current programme: Britain's Superfast Broadband Future
    • 9.2.1. Regional digital development targets
    • 9.2.2. Regulatory measures
    • 9.2.3. Financing measures
  • 9.3. Technologies employed
  • 9.4. Programme governance
  • 9.5. Monitoring system

10. Synthesis

  • 10.1. Objectives in sync with the Digital Agenda for Europe
  • 10.2. Disparate national coverage levels
    • 10.2.1. By and large, the national programme's start date has little impact on results
    • 10.2.2. More or less beneficial demographics
    • 10.2.3. FTTH: strong commitments
    • 10.2.4. Private sector investments very influential on outcome
  • 10.3. National plans: the same basic measures but different outcomes
    • 10.3.1. Regulation: the foundation of national plans
    • 10.3.2. Direct aid to operators to accelerate rollouts
    • 10.3.3. Financial support: a combination of federal funding and other forms of subsidy

List ofTables

  • Table 1: Status of broadband/superfast broadband coverage in Europe, in June 2015
  • Table 2: Country acronyms
  • Table 3: Country rankings by population
  • Table 4: Country rankings by population density
  • Table 5: Dominant BB/SFB access technology in each country
  • Table 6: A selection of demographic indicators for France
  • Table 7: BB and SFB coverage rates: France versus the EU-28 average
  • Table 8: Type of technologies deployed in France (with possible overlaps)
  • Table 9: Rollout status and subscriber numbers in France by technology
  • Table 10: A selection of demographic indicators for Germany
  • Table 11: BB and SFB coverage rates: Germany versus the EU-28 average
  • Table 12: Type of technologies deployed in Germany (with possible overlaps)
  • Table 13: Rollout status and subscriber numbers by technology in Germany
  • Table 14: A selection of demographic indicators for Italy
  • Table 15: BB and SFB coverage rates: Italy versus the EU-28 average
  • Table 16: Type of technologies deployed in Italy (with possible overlaps)
  • Table 17: Rollout status and subscriber numbers by technology in Italy
  • Table 18: Objectives and deadlines for Italy's SFB strategy (excluding public sites)
  • Table 19: Features of clusters in 2015
  • Table 20: Sources of financing mobilised
  • Table 21: Sources of financing
  • Table 22: A selection of demographic indicators for Portugal
  • Table 23: BB and SFB coverage rates: Portugal versus the EU-28 average
  • Table 24: Type of technologies deployed in Portugal (with possible overlaps)
  • Table 25: Rollout status and subscriber numbers by technology in Portugal
  • Table 26: Calls for proposals to cover rural areas in 2009
  • Table 27: A selection of demographic indicators for Spain
  • Table 28: BB and SFB coverage rates: Spain versus the EU-28 average
  • Table 29: Type of technologies deployed in Spain (with possible overlaps)
  • Table 30: Rollout status and subscriber numbers by technology in Spain
  • Table 31: Recap of government aid given to SFB network rollouts in Spain from 2013-2016
  • Table 32: A selection of demographic indicators for Sweden
  • Table 33: BB and SFB coverage rates: Sweden versus the EU-28 average
  • Table 34: Type of technologies deployed in Sweden (with possible overlaps)
  • Table 35: Rollout status and subscriber numbers in Sweden by technology
  • Table 36: Marking system for ranking subsidy applications for in Sweden
  • Table 37: A selection of demographic indicators for the UK
  • Table 38: BB and SFB coverage rates: the UK versus the EU-28 average
  • Table 39: Type of technologies deployed (with possible overlaps)
  • Table 40: Type of technologies deployed
  • Table 41: Targets in national plans in relation to Digital Agenda for Europe objectives
  • Table 42: Number of households eligible for a 30 Mbps connection thanks to private initiative, in June 2015
  • Table 43: Number of households eligible for a 100 Mbps connection thanks to private initiative, in June 2015
  • Table 44: Summary of regulatory measures introduced in the countries being examined
  • Table 45: Financing models used in the countries being examined
  • Table 46: Sources of public financing for national programmes
  • Table 47: Public funding allocated to current national programmes

List of Figures

  • Figure 1: Cost of achieving Digital Agenda BB/SFB targets (EU-27)
  • Figure 2: Map of the population density in France
  • Figure 3: BB and SFB coverage: France versus other EU-28 countries
  • Figure 4: Percentage of high-speed access lines that are SFB lines: France versus other EU-28 countries
  • Figure 5: Zoning following the call for expressions of intentions to invest issued in France in 2011
  • Figure 6: Contracted and non-contracted areas in the Plan France Très Haut Débit launched in 2013
  • Figure 7: The programme's observatory
  • Figure 8: Map of population density in Germany
  • Figure 9: BB and SFB coverage: Germany versus other EU-28 countries
  • Figure 10: Percentage of high-speed access lines that are SFB lines: Germany versus other EU-28 countries
  • Figure 11: Subsidies under the national programme
  • Figure 12: Ten priorities of the Digitale Strategie 2025
  • Figure 13: Map of the population density in Italy
  • Figure 14: BB and SFB coverage: Italy versus other EU-28 countries
  • Figure 15: Percentage of high-speed access lines that are SFB lines: Italy versus other EU-28 countries
  • Figure 16: Map of cluster properties in 2015
  • Figure 17: Atlas of government-supported projects in Italy
  • Figure 18: Map of the population density in Portugal
  • Figure 19: BB and SFB coverage: Portugal versus other EU-28 countries
  • Figure 20: Percentage of high-speed access lines that are SFB lines: Portugal versus other EU-28 countries
  • Figure 21: Map of selected projects in Portugal in 2007
  • Figure 22: Rural areas in Portugal that received public funding
  • Figure 23: Map of the population density in Spain
  • Figure 24: BB and SFB coverage: Spain versus other EU-28 countries
  • Figure 25: Percentage of high-speed access lines that are SFB lines: Spain versus other EU-28 countries
  • Figure 26: The Spanish government's digital strategy: nine action plans
  • Figure 27: Rollout objectives of Spain's SFB rollout plan
  • Figure 28: A global governance model for the nine action plans that make up the Digital Agenda for Spain
  • Figure 29: Spain: monitoring system map of coverage levels in Spain
  • Figure 30: Map of the population density in Sweden
  • Figure 31: BB and SFB coverage: Sweden versus other EU-28 countries
  • Figure 32: Percentage of high-speed access lines that are SFB lines: Sweden versus other EU-28 countries
  • Figure 33: Bredbandskarten: Sweden's broadband and superfast broadband observatory
  • Figure 34: Map of the population density in the UK
  • Figure 35: BB and SFB coverage: the UK versus other EU-28 countries
  • Figure 36: SFB take-up levels: the UK versus other EU-28 countries
  • Figure 37: Seven market test pilots
  • Figure 38: Households' current 30 Mbps coverage level and situation with respect to DAE target
  • Figure 39: Percentage of households with access to a 100 Mbps service
  • Figure 40: Timeline of public policies introduced in the seven European countries being studied
  • Figure 41: Analysis of national population densities and household numbers compared to the European average
  • Figure 42: Technological choices in the countries being examined

Slideshow contents

Objectives in sync with the Digital Agenda for Europe

  • Objectives in sync with the Digital Agenda for Europe, but with additional targets

Currently disparate national coverage levels

  • Portugal and Sweden amongst countries with highest coverage levels
  • National programme's start date has little impact on results
  • More or less beneficial demographics
  • FTTH: strong commitments
  • Private sector investments very influential on outcome

National plans: the same basic measures but different outcomes

  • Regulation: the foundation of national plans
  • Direct aid to operators to accelerate rollouts
  • Financial support: a combination of federal funding and other forms of subsidy

To summarise...

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