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Aerospace and Defense Technology: Big Data, Cybersecurity, 3D Printing and Block Chain Tech Are the Emerging Defense Trends Of 2018 and Beyond

Published by MarketLine Product code 731840
Published Content info 30 Pages
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Aerospace and Defense Technology: Big Data, Cybersecurity, 3D Printing and Block Chain Tech Are the Emerging Defense Trends Of 2018 and Beyond
Published: October 19, 2018 Content info: 30 Pages
Description

Summary

In the world of aerospace and defense, technological developments have always been a crucial aspect of staying ahead of rivals both for military and commercial players. Now though, perhaps more than ever, technology from other industries is starting to creep into the A&D world and could provide some highly useful new methods of production, learning and protection of assets. The major military players and significant defense companies are experimenting with the potential of many of these developing technologies and they could lead to some significant leaps in capability.

This new technology does come with problems however, and the changing nature of warfare between nations means that threats are increasingly coming from the internet and software rather than troops on the ground. This means players of all types need to be prepared for this technology whether they want to or not. These four technological areas include; 3D printing, blockchain, cybersecurity and big data all of which most A&D firms are now heavily involved in.

Key Highlights

The aerospace industry requires precision engineering to produce high specification parts. 3D printers have already proved their worth here: Airbus Group conducted a study to assess the effectiveness of 3D printing on a highly standardized part - an Airbus A320 nacelle hinge bracket. They compared EOS's titanium printed bracket (using direct metal laser sintering) with a traditionally cast steel bracket. Airbus concluded that EOS's 3D printed bracket was stronger, lighter and produced 40% less CO2 emissions during manufacture. Moreover, because the 3D printing process used only the material needed to make the part, it eliminated any waste from secondary machining, thereby reducing titanium consumption by 25%.

Blockchain technology, often referred to as "distributed ledger technology" (or DLT) is a means by which the participants in a distributed network can each maintain a copy of an immutable ledger of transactions, and where transactions can be executed without the need for a single, central, coordinating authority. This has a wide variety of applications and many companies are very excited by the possibilities that this offers.

Cybersecurity has been a concern for aerospace and defense companies for decades, due to their roles as operators of critical military infrastructure and providers of essential hardware. However, concern over cybersecurity continues to climb up the defense agenda, driven by the increasingly interconnected nature of infrastructure, hardware and systems, and the growing number of attacks targeting defense related and critical operational information. Military hardware is currently undergoing significant change. Services are becoming ever more integrated through information sharing.

Resultantly, companies working in aerospace and defense are racing to develop cybersecurity systems that can withstand complex and penetrative attacks from governments and independent actors. The transition has been rapid and will undergo further change as artificial intelligence and machine learning begins to play an ever-greater role in the modern battlefield. Given the potential for disruption - such as the grounding of aircraft fleets, collapse of communication systems or general confusion in the command chain - the need for cybersecurity that is reliable and able to withstand cutting-edge attacks will become elevated beyond current levels.

Scope

  • Examine the major trends in aerospace and defense technology
  • See how big data technology is becoming a big target for A&D firms
  • Explore the benefits of 3D Printing technology to A&D companies and militaries
  • Examine how cyber security has become such an important issue and how companies are trying to solve it
  • See how block chain technology is being pursued by A&D companies
  • Reasons to buy
  • What technology absorbing the attention of modern military planners?
  • Where is the money going and is it being spent wisely?
  • Are all of the new technologies emerging actually practical?
  • What can we expect to see in future wars and does this make the world safer or less safe?
Table of Contents
Product Code: ML00026-020

Table of Contents

Executive Summary 2

  • 3D printing has now evolved beyond prototypes 2
  • Blockchain in Aerospace and Defense is worth exploring cautiously 2
  • Cybersecurity in Aerospace & Defense is a vital industry outlay 2
  • Understanding and manipulating big data could lead to huge benefits 2
  • 3D printing has now evolved beyond prototypes 7

  • Impact of 3D printing on A&D is growing and more parts can now be made with the technology 7
  • Aerospace weight reduction is one of the key applications 8
  • Printing on demand has been vastly improved 8
  • 3D Printing is an ideal solution for spare parts 9
  • Applicable where necessary, but not the solution for everything 9
  • Transition from prototyping to actual parts 9
  • Regulatory approval is slow 10
  • For use in the field 10

Blockchain in Aerospace and Defense is worth exploring cautiously 11

  • Blockchain is a type of distributed ledger technology 11
  • Blockchain for tracking A&D company supply chain 12
  • Blockchain for state military applications is at an early stage of development 12
  • Blockchain to allow swarming of unmanned aerial vehicles 12
  • Cyber security and securing transactions between clients 13
  • Aerospace and defense companies involved with Blockchain technology 13
  • Key recommendations for aerospace & defense companies 14
    • AI and blockchain need to be watched simultaneously: 14
    • Treat blockchain as one tool in a well-stocked toolbox 14
    • Those not interested in blockchain, might need to focus on it regardless 14

Cybersecurity in Aerospace & Defense is a vital industry outlay 15

  • Cybersecurity is of vital importance in the A&D industry 15
  • Unique challenges facing aerospace and defense when implementing cybersecurity 16
  • Ransomware has affected all industries including A&D 17
  • Insider and privilege misuse is the main method of cyber attack 18
  • Denial of service (DoS) is getting more advanced with AI taking a key role 18
  • Key trends and threats in the cybersecurity industry 19
    • Expanding use of specialist civilian companies as threats mount up 19
    • AI and machine learning to lead development in military cybersecurity 19
    • Skills shortage threatens to make development harder 19
    • Ransomware is expanding as a threat with some notable recent attacks 19
    • Rising threat of cyber-warfare from secretly created virus weapons 19

Understanding and manipulating big data could lead to huge benefits 21

  • The Internet of Things, the cloud and AI are driving growth in Big Data technology 21
  • Big Data used for intelligence gathering 22
  • Big Data enables more integrated military operations 22
  • Drones and autonomous technology rising in prominence due to Big Data 23
  • Big Data is helping militaries to learn from business 23
  • Major trends and opportunities in A&D big data software 23
    • Edge Computing will be a highly useful tool but could be difficult thing to achieve 23
    • It is hoped that quantum computers will speed up big data processing 24
    • Cloud Computing is the crucial element that allows collection and analysis of big data 24
    • Impact of big data on A&D will be significant and is now an essential military function 24
  • Key recommendations for A&D companies involved in big data 25
    • Proving reliability in extreme environments is essential for Big Data 25
    • Scale is important; smaller players should examine merger and acquisition to play bigger role 25
    • Leading US tech companies need to publicly separate military and civilian business activities 26

Key Findings 27

Appendix 28

  • Further Reading 28
  • Ask the analyst 29
  • About MarketLine 29
  • Disclaimer 29

List of Figures

  • Figure 1: Global additive manufacturing market 2017-2025 8
  • Figure 2: The EOS titanium printed bracket (right) is stronger and lighter than conventional steel cast bracket (left) 9
  • Figure 3: How a blockchain transaction can work 12
  • Figure 4: 2016-2021 Cybersecurity products and services $bn 16
  • Figure 5: WannaCry attack 2017 18
  • Figure 6: Consumer and business data traffic by segment 2016-2021 22
  • Figure 7: Data traffic by type 2016-2021 23
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