The Hong Kong Data Center Market is expected to register a CAGR of 3.5% over the forecast period 2021 to 2026. Hong Kong has advanced to become a local hub for large companies across a range of businesses. Many of the large global cloud storage providers are concentrating on Hong Kong to build it a geo-redundant hyper multi-cloud architecture. Improved smart city initiatives, an improvement in cloud-based services, procurement of renewable energy resources, and growth of digital transformation and expansion of colocation and hyperscale Datacenter facilities are anticipated to drive the data center investment in Hong Kong.
- Nearly all the major cloud and hosting service providers globally have established a presence in Hong Kong. According to Datacenters.com, there are presently 22 service providers and 43 data centers in Hong Kong. This comprises 42 colocation facilities, 29 cloud nodes, 13 Internet exchanges (IX), and 10 disaster recovery and business continuity (DRBC) sites.
- Hong Kong is a principal financial and international trading and logistics hub and is home to several regional offices and headquarters of global corporations. This generates a strong demand for secure data center facilities and services. Its proximity to China's Mainland is also core strength, thus stressing the need for data centers in the region.
- In particular, hyper-scale and international digital media content and public cloud service providers such as Amazon Web Services (AWS), Facebook, Google, and Alibaba Cloud have been fundamental in pushing demand for data center services, significantly enhancing their uptake of data center capacity in Asia and particularly in Hong Kong over the past few years, by building massive-scale platforms.
- Hong Kong is one of the several locations in Asia with a stable and reliable supply of electricity, exceptional telecom infrastructure with excellent optical fiber connectivity, and is sheltered from natural disasters. According to Census and Statistics Department Hong Kong, in 2018, there were 238 external telecommunications service operators in Hong Kong, and BRI (business receipts index) for the telecommunications business in Hong Kong had amounted to 97.9 index points.
- The government of Hong Kong is adopting a multi-pronged approach in facilitating the development and application of the 5G network and plans to launch 5G services very soon. The low latency rate of 5G technology would likely to drive the demand for cloud storage, real-time data accessing, and streaming. Data centers would likely not only expand but also need upgrades amid this network transformation.
Key Market Trends
Increasing Demand for Cloud Computing is Boosting the Data Center Market Growth
- The growth of cloud computing, development of the Internet of Things (IoT), and the growth of data consumption from emerging industries like fintech, digital media, and e-commerce have become the catalyst for the increasing demand for colocation (or offsite third-party) data centers in Hong Kong.
- According to the 2020 Cloud Readiness Index by the 'Asia Cloud Computing Association' (ACCA), Hong Kong has reemerged as the most cloud-ready state in the APAC region, claiming the top spot from Singapore. This new development in Hong Kong would strengthen Digital Realty's presence within the Asia Pacific region, where the company currently operates a network of industry-leading data centers located in Tokyo, Singapore, Sydney Osaka, Hong Kong, and Melbourne.
- According to a report by Nutanix Inc. 2020, while public cloud investment will remain relatively flat over the coming year, planned investment in the private cloud is predicted to nearly double, while traditional datacentres look set to plummet 37.5% over the same period. Over the next few years, Hong Kong respondents are planning to triple their hybrid cloud investment, from 13% to 38%, as 70% of those surveyed locally agree or fully agree that hybrid cloud is the perfect cloud model for their IT environment.
Telecom and IT Sector Holds a Major Share of the Market
- IT service providers such as Fujitsu and IBM are frequently renting wholesale data center space from specialist data center providers as they strengthen their data center footsteps into a smaller number of newer, larger, and more effective data centers. Rather than paying for expensive refurbishments, they are closing down smaller, less efficient non-strategic data centers and improving their services. Local Hong Kong telecom firms are also fortifying their data center footprint. For instance, according to Hutchison Telecommunications forecast, there would be around 3.32 million HT mobile subscribers by 2020.
- With Long Term Evolution (LTE) accelerated expansion and a slowdown in 2G and 3G services, the Hong Kong telecom market is growing fast. For instance, according to GSMA, in 2019, around 74% of all mobile internet connections in Hong Kong used 4G technology. However, encompassing mobile connectivity, cloud services, IoT, and smartphones has become essential for telecom businesses. Operators across the value chain are forced to adjust to these emerging market changes to maintain revenue and profit.
- With the adoption of artificial intelligence, IoT, and big data analytics, the need for high-performance computing infrastructure grows. The requirement for supercomputers is also increasing with the increase in investment towards cryptocurrency mining. Furthermore, the growing development of Hong Kong facilities and the implementation of a high-speed 5G network in 2020 will encourage the data center network market.
The Hong Kong data center market is moderately competitive with the major players adopting strategies like product and service innovation and mergers & acquisitions. The market consists of several major players. Some of the major players in the market are China Mobile Limited, Cyxtera Technologies Inc., Global Switch Limited, SUNeVision Holdings Ltd, Digital Realty Trust, Inc., among others. The growing adoption of IT infrastructure is a principal driver in the data center market in Hong Kong, with high adoption of servers, storage, and networking infrastructure.
- March 2021 - Global Switch launched the final stage of its Hong Kong data centre, with this launch it becomes the largest multi customer, carrier and cloud neutral data centre in Hong Kong offering over 70,000 sq m of world class infrastructure services. This data center has Power Usage Effectiveness (PUE) of 1.3 across the entire facility.
- March 2020 - SUNeVision Holdings Ltd. announced a new Microsoft Azure ExpressRoute site in Hong Kong. Leveraging the strong connectivity on MEGA Campus and Hong Kong's strategic position as a regional information hub, this second Azure ExpressRoute site in Hong Kong will enable customers in the city and Asia to access greater resilience and better performance. With this new Azure ExpressRoute site in Hong Kong, data will be directly and privately transferred to and from Microsoft Azure within MEGA-i, without going through the public internet. This is designed to enhance security, network and latency performance for customers and partners alike.
- Jan 2020 - Cyxtera Technologies announced the availability of its innovative on-demand data center services platform, CXD, as CXD Federal Edition, a version tailored for federal government workloads and designated as FedRAMP Ready at the high impact level. CXD, Cyxtera's Extensible Data Center platform, combines the control, cost-savings, and security of dedicated colocation infrastructure with the provisioning speed, financial advantages, and agility of the cloud.
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