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Market Research Report

Mozambique - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Published by BuddeComm Product code 948437
Published Content info 108 Pages
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Mozambique - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses
Published: June 11, 2020 Content info: 108 Pages
Description

Mozambique trials Loon balloons for broadband coverage

Although delayed by the long civil war which ended in 1992, Mozambique was one of the first countries in the region to embark upon telecom reform and open the sector to competition. The mobile segment in particular has shown strong growth since the launch of services by Vodacom Mozambique to compete against mCel, the then mobile subsidiary of the national telco Telecomunicações de Moçambique (TdM). Additional competition followed in late 2020 with the launch of services by Movitel.

Following years of poor management and underachievement, TdM and mCel were merged in early 2019, creating a new operator Mozambique Telecom (Tmcel). In the process, the structure of the market changed from having four operators (TdM, mCel, Vodafone Mozambique and Movitel) to three (Tmcel, Vodafone Mozambique and Movitel). At the same time, a new licensing regime ensured that by mid-2019 all three operators had been provided with universal licenses, enabling them to offer all types of telephony and data services.

Mobile, fixed-line and broadband penetration rates remain far below the average for the region.

In recent years the government has enforced the registration of SIM cards, but with varying success. At the end of 2016 almost five million unregistered SIM cards were deactivated but poor monitoring meant that the process was revisited in mid-2029.

The high cost of international bandwidth had long hampered internet use, though the landing of two international submarine cables (SEACOM and EASSy) has reduced the cost of bandwidth and so led to drastic reductions in broadband retail prices as well as a significant jump in available bandwidth.

There is some cross-platform competition, with DSL, cable, fibre, WiMAX, and mobile broadband options available, though fixed broadband options can be limited to urban areas. Further improvements can be expected from the ongoing rollout of a national fibre backbone networks by Tmcel and of upgrades to mobile infrastructure.

BuddeComm notes that the outbreak of the Coronavirus in 2020 is having a significant impact on production and supply chains globally. During the coming year the telecoms sector to various degrees is likely to experience a downturn in mobile device production, while it may also be difficult for network operators to manage workflows when maintaining and upgrading existing infrastructure. Overall progress towards 5G may be postponed or slowed down in some countries.

On the consumer side, spending on telecoms services and devices is under pressure from the financial effect of large-scale job losses and the consequent restriction on disposable incomes. However, the crucial nature of telecom services, both for general communication as well as a tool for home-working, will offset such pressures. In many markets the net effect should be a steady though reduced increased in subscriber growth.

Although it is challenging to predict and interpret the long-term impacts of the crisis as it develops, these have been acknowledged in the industry forecasts contained in this report.

The report also covers the responses of the telecom operators as well as government agencies and regulators as they react to the crisis to ensure that citizens can continue to make optimum use of telecom services. This can be reflected in subsidy schemes and the promotion of tele-health and tele-education, among other solutions.

Key developments:

  • Mozambique Telecom secures $200 million loan to undertaken network upgrade projects, begins LTE trials after long delays;
  • Vodacom Mozambique contracts with Alphabet to use its Loon balloon broadband service;
  • Regulator completes multi-spectrum auction, imposes MTR cuts through to end-2020;
  • Vodacom Mozambique secures Unified Telecom License, launches LTE services;
  • Mozambique joins the Alliance for Affordable Internet, aiming to provide broadband at less than 5% of average monthly income;
  • Report update includes the regulator's market data for 2018, operator data updates to Q1 2020, ITU market data updates, Telecom Maturity Index tables, charts and analyses, assessment of the global impact of COVID-19 on the telecoms sector, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:

Mozambique Telecom (Telecomunicações De Moçambique, mCel), Vodacom Mozambique, Movitel (Viettel), Teledata, TV Cabo, Intra, Tropical Web, SEACOM.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

Key statistics

Regional African Market Comparison

  • TMI vs GDP
  • Mobile and mobile broadband
  • Fixed and mobile broadband

Country overview

COVID-19 and its impact on the telecom sector

  • Economic considerations and responses
  • Mobile devices
  • Subscribers
  • Infrastructure

Telecommunications market

  • Market analysis

Regulatory environment

  • Telecommunications Law 1992
  • Basic Telecommunications Act 2004
  • Amended Telecommunications Act 2016
  • Regulatory authority
  • National Commission on Information
  • Fixed network developments
    • Telecom sector liberalisation
    • Privatisation
    • Interconnection
    • Universal service
    • Spectrum monitoring
  • Mobile network developments
    • Third mobile licence
    • Spectrum auctions
    • Roaming
    • SIM card registration

Mobile market

  • Market analysis
  • Mobile statistics
  • Mobile data
    • SMS
  • Mobile broadband
  • Mobile infrastructure
    • 4G/LTE
    • 3G
  • Major mobile operators
    • Tmcel
    • Vodacom Mozambique
    • Movitel
  • Mobile content and applications
    • m-money

Fixed-line broadband market

  • Introduction and statistical overview
  • Broadband statistics
  • Public internet access locations
  • Mozambique Internet Exchange Point (MOZ-IX)
  • Fixed-line broadband technologies
    • Hybrid Fibre Coax (HFC) networks
    • Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
    • Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) networks
    • Fixed wireless (Wi-Fi and WiMAX)
    • Project Loon

Digital economy

  • E-government
  • e-learning

Fixed network operator

Telecommunications infrastructure

  • Overview of the national telecom network
  • National fibre backbone
  • Data centres
  • International infrastructure
    • Satellite
    • Terrestrial microwave and fibre
    • Submarine fibre

Appendix - Historic data

Glossary of abbreviations

Related reports

List of Tables

  • Table 1 - Top Level Country Statistics and Telco Authorities - Mozambique - 2020 (e)
  • Table 2 - Change in the mobile market share of subscribers by operators - 2017 - 2018
  • Table 3 - Growth in the number of mobile subscribers and penetration - 2010 - 2025
  • Table 4 - Development of SMS traffic - - 2015 - 2018
  • Table 5 - Growth in the number of active mobile broadband subscribers - 2010 - 2025
  • Table 6 - Change in the number of Tmcel's mobile subscribers - 2010 - 2018
  • Table 7 - Development of Vodacom Mozambique's financial data (MZM) - 2016 - 2020
  • Table 8 - Growth in the number of Vodacom Mozambique's mobile subscribers - 2008 - 2020
  • Table 9 - Growth in the number of Vodacom Mozambique's mobile data subscribers - 2013 - 2020
  • Table 10 - Change in Vodacom Mozambique's mobile ARPU - 2008 - 2020
  • Table 11 - Change in the number of Movitel mobile subscribers - 2012 - 2019
  • Table 12 - Growth in the number of Vodacom Mozambique's M-Pesa subscribers - 2016 - 2020
  • Table 13 - Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers - 2010 - 2025
  • Table 14 - Growth in the number of cable broadband subscribers - 2011 -2017
  • Table 15 - Change in the number of DSL broadband subscribers - 2010 - 2017
  • Table 16 - Growth in the number of DSL broadband subscribers - 2014 - 2017
  • Table 17 - Tmcel revenue - 2016 - 2017
  • Table 18 - Decline in the number of fixed lines and teledensity - 2010 - 2025
  • Table 19 - International bandwidth - 2010 - 2017
  • Table 20 - Historic - Telecom market investment by operator - 2008 - 2015
  • Table 21 - Historic - Telecom market revenue by sector - 2004 - 2015
  • Table 22 - Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 1997 - 2009
  • Table 23 - Historic - Mobile market revenue - 2012 - 2016
  • Table 24 - Historic - Vodacom Mozambique financial results (ZAR) - 2007 - 2010
  • Table 25 - Historic - TdM financial results - 2006 - 2011
  • Table 26 - Historic - TdM fixed lines - 2015 - 2016
  • Table 27 - Historic - Internet users and penetration rate - 1996 - 2015
  • Table 28 - Historic - Fixed lines in service and penetration - 2005 - 2009
  • Table 29 - Historic - Fixed-line broadband subscribers - 2007 - 2009
  • Table 30 - Historic - Mobile on-net and fixed-line national voice traffic - 2009 - 2016
  • Table 31 - Historic - 2G mobile base stations by operator - 2015 - 2016
  • Table 32 - Historic - 3G mobile base stations by operator - 2015 - 2016
  • Table 33 - Historic - Fixed-line broadband subscribers - 2007 - 2009
  • Table 34 - Historic - DSL broadband subscribers - 2006 - 2009
  • Table 35 - Historic - Fixed lines in service and teledensity - 1995 - 2009
  • Table 36 - Historic - International bandwidth - 2001 - 2009

List of Charts

  • Chart 1 - Overall Africa view - Telecoms Maturity Index vs GDP per Capita
  • Chart 2 - East Africa - Telecoms Maturity Index vs GDP per Capita
  • Chart 3 - Africa - Middle-tier Telecoms Maturity Index (Market Emergents)
  • Chart 4 - East Africa -Telecoms Maturity Index by country
  • Chart 5 - East Africa mobile subscriber penetration versus mobile broadband penetration
  • Chart 6 - East Africa fixed and mobile penetration rates
  • Chart 7 - Growth in the number of mobile subscribers and penetration - 2010 - 2025
  • Chart 8 - Development of SMS traffic - - 2015 - 2018
  • Chart 9 - Growth in the number of active mobile broadband subscribers - 2010 - 2025
  • Chart 10 - Change in the number of Tmcel's mobile subscribers - 2010 - 2018
  • Chart 11 - Development of Vodacom Mozambique's financial data (MZM) - 2016 - 2020
  • Chart 12 - Growth in the number of Vodacom Mozambique's mobile subscribers - 2008 - 2020
  • Chart 13 - Growth in the number of Vodacom Mozambique's mobile data subscribers - 2013 - 2020
  • Chart 14 - Change in Vodacom Mozambique's mobile ARPU - 2008 - 2020
  • Chart 15 - Change in the number of Movitel mobile subscribers - 2012 - 2019
  • Chart 16 - Growth in the number of Vodacom Mozambique's M-Pesa subscribers - 2016 - 2020
  • Chart 17 - Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers - 2010 - 2025
  • Chart 18 - Growth in the number of cable broadband subscribers - 2011 -2017
  • Chart 19 - Change in the number of DSL broadband subscribers - 2010 - 2017
  • Chart 20 - Decline in the number of fixed lines and teledensity - 2010 - 2025

List of Exhibits

  • Exhibit 1 - Generalised Market Characteristics by Market Segment
  • Exhibit 2 - East Africa - Key Characteristics of Telecoms Markets by Country
  • Exhibit 3 - 2Africa submarine cable
  • Exhibit 4 - 2Africa landing stations
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