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Market Research Report

Russia - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Published by BuddeComm Product code 979700
Published Content info 235 Pages
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Russia - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses
Published: December 9, 2020 Content info: 235 Pages
Description

Russia develops 5G spectrum program for 2021

The Russian telecom market is the largest in Europe, supported by a population of about 144 million. The market is dominated by the western regions where the main cities and economic centres are concentrated. All sectors have been liberalised, with competition most prevalent in Moscow and St Petersburg, the two largest regional markets. The incumbent telco Rostelecom, which absorbed most of the regional players, in late 2019 acquired the remaining 55% of Tele2 Russia which it did not already own. The deal strengthened the company's ability to compete in the offering a full range of bundled services.

Telcos continue to deploy and modernise fixed-line network infrastructure to offer improved broadband services as well as a range of IP-delivered content. As a result, the fibre broadband sector has shown considerable growth, supported by the government's program to extend the reach of broadband to outlying regions.

The mobile market is on the cusp of the 5G era, though there have been delays in auctioning suitable spectrum. The country's MNO have trialled 5G using spectrum in the higher bands, though spectrum assets in the 700MHz band and the 3.4GHz band, secured for 5G use elsewhere in Europe, have not been made available in Russia.

Mobile penetration is high, though this is partly due to the popularity of multiple SIM card use. There is pressure on operator revenue from the poor economic climate, lower pricing resulting from intense competition, regulatory measures introduced in 2018 which saw the end of roaming charges, and the effects of the Covid-19 pandemic.

This report provides an overview of Russia's fixed-line telecom and IT markets. It includes information on key regulatory developments, data on fixed-line networks, and an assessment of telcos' financial and operating performance. The report also reviews the mobile market, covering the major mobile operators as well as technologies and mobile data, content and applications, and a variety of updated financial and operational statistics. In addition, the report assesses developments in the fixed broadband sector, assessing the migration from DSL to fibre and the potential for DOCSIS3.1. The report includes a range or subscribers forecasts covering the fixed-line, mobile, mobile broadband and fixed broadband segments.

BuddeComm notes that the outbreak of the Coronavirus is having a significant impact on production and supply chains globally. During the coming year the telecoms sector to various degrees is likely to experience a downturn in mobile device production, while it may also be difficult for network operators to manage workflows when maintaining and upgrading existing infrastructure. Overall progress towards 5G may be postponed or slowed down in some countries.

On the consumer side, spending on telecoms services and devices is under pressure from the financial effect of large-scale job losses and the consequent restriction on disposable incomes. However, the crucial nature of telecom services, both for general communication as well as a tool for home-working, will offset such pressures. In many markets the net effect should be a steady though reduced increased in subscriber growth.

Although it is challenging to predict and interpret the long-term impacts of the crisis as it develops, these have been acknowledged in the industry forecasts contained in this report.

The report also covers the responses of the telecom operators as well as government agencies and regulators as they react to the crisis to ensure that citizens can continue to make optimum use of telecom services. This can be reflected in subsidy schemes and the promotion of tele-health and tele-education, among other solutions.

Key developments:

  • Government determines that only domestic-made equipment can be used in 5G networks from 2024;
  • Four MNOs sign agreement to cooperate in developing 5G networks;
  • Government proposes a single 5G network operator for the 4.5GHz band;
  • MegaFon providing 1Gb/s data rate on its LTE network, enters talks for sale and leaseback of tower infrastructure;
  • Domestic on-net roaming charges ended;
  • ER-Telecom to upgrade entire network to a 1Gb/s service by 2026;
  • Report update includes the regulator's market data to June 2020, telcos' financial and operating data to Q3 2020, Telecom Maturity Index charts and analyses, assessment of the global impact of Covid-19 on the telecoms sector, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:

MegaFon, Tele2 Russia, Skylink, VEON, Volga Telecom, SMARTS Group, Uralsvyazinform, MTS, TransTeleCom, ER-Telecom, MTS, Rostelecom, PeterStar, Synterra Telecom, Comstar, Summa Telecom, MetroMAX, Comstar, Yota, Virgin Connect, Enforta, Golden Telecom.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

Key statistics

Regional European Market Comparison

  • Europe Telecom Maturity Index by tier
    • Market Leaders
    • Market Challengers
    • Market Emergents
  • TMI versus GDP
  • Mobile and mobile broadband penetration
  • Fixed versus mobile broadband penetration

Country overview

Covid-19 and its impact on the telecom sector

  • Economic considerations and responses
  • Mobile devices
  • Subscribers
  • Infrastructure

Telecommunications market

  • Overview and statistics

Regulatory environment

  • Telecommunications Law 2003
  • Regulatory authority
  • Fixed-line developments
    • Telecom sector liberalisation
    • Privatisation
    • Interconnection
    • Access
    • Carrier selection
    • Universal Service Obligation
  • Broadband market developments
  • Mobile network developments
    • Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
    • 3G licences
    • 800MHz spectrum
    • 900MHz spectrum
    • 1800MHz spectrum
    • 2.6GHz spectrum
    • Roaming
    • Infrastructure sharing

Mobile market

  • Market analysis
  • Mobile statistics
    • General statistics
  • Mobile infrastructure
    • 5G
    • 4G (LTE)
    • 3G
    • GSM
  • Narrowband IoT (NB-IoT)
  • M2M networks
    • Mobile voice
    • Mobile data
    • Mobile broadband
  • Major mobile operators
    • Mobile TeleSystems (MTS)
    • VEON
    • MegaFon
    • Tele2 Russia/Rostelecom
    • SMARTS Group
    • Uralsvyazinform
    • VolgaTelecom
    • Skylink
    • Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
  • Mobile content and applications
    • M-commerce
    • M-payments

Fixed-line broadband market

  • Introduction and statistical overview
    • Market analysis
    • Broadband statistics
  • Hybrid Fibre Coax (HFC) networks
  • Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
    • Rostelecom
    • MTS
    • VEON
    • Other providers
  • Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP)
  • Other fixed broadband services
    • Broadband Powerline (BPL)
    • Fixed wireless broadband
    • Wi-Fi
    • WiMAX
    • Internet via satellite

Fixed network operators

  • Introduction
  • Svyazinvest
    • Regional operators
  • Rostelecom
  • Central Telegraph
  • VEON
  • Multiregional Transit Telecom
  • TransTeleCom (TTK)
  • PeterStar
  • ER-Telecom
  • MTS

Telecommunications infrastructure

  • Overview of the national telecom network
    • Central Telegraph
    • MTS
    • Golden Telecom
    • PeterStar
    • Rostelecom
    • TransTeleCom
    • ER-Telecom
  • International networks
    • Satellite networks
  • Data centres

Appendix - Historic data

Glossary of abbreviations

Related reports

List of Tables

  • Table 1 - Top Level Country Statistics and Telco Authorities - Russia - 2020 (e)
  • Table 2 - Increase in telecom market revenue - 2010 - 2020
  • Table 3 - Change in the share of telecom market revenue by type - 2016 - 2020
  • Table 4 - Growth in the number of mobile number portings - 2015 - 2019
  • Table 5 - Growth in the number of mobile subscribers and penetration - 2010 - 2025
  • Table 6 - Growth in the number of mobile subscribers and penetration in Moscow, St Petersburg - 2006 - 2019
  • Table 7 - Change in market share of subscribers by operator - 2010 - 2019
  • Table 8 - Decline in in mobile service revenue - 2010 - 2020
  • Table 9 - Forecast 5G subscribers and coverage - 2020 - 2025
  • Table 10 - LTE launch dates by operator
  • Table 11 - Growth in the number of mobile base stations by technology (thousand) - 2013 - 2020
  • Table 12 - Mobile ground base towers in service - 2015 - 2019
  • Table 13 - Development of MegaFon's LTE infrastructure - 2014 - 2019
  • Table 14 - Decline in the number of SMS sent - 2011 - 2020
  • Table 15 - Growth in the number of active mobile broadband subscribers and penetration - 2010 - 2025
  • Table 16 - Development of MTS's mobile financial data (Russia, RUB) - 2009 - 2020
  • Table 17 - Development of MTS's quarterly mobile financial data (Russia, RUB) - 2014 - 2020
  • Table 18 - Development of MTS capex (Russia, RUB) - 2010 - 2020
  • Table 19 - Development of MTS's operating profit and margin (Russia, RUB) - 2010 - 2020
  • Table 20 - Growth in the number of MTS Russia's mobile subscribers - 2010 - 2020
  • Table 21 - Change in MTS Russia's mobile voice and data traffic - 2014 - 2020
  • Table 22 - Change in the number of VEON's mobile subscribers (Russia) - 2009 - 2020
  • Table 23 - VEON ARPU and MOU (Russia) - 2010 - 2020
  • Table 24 - Development of VEON's mobile financial data by type ($ million) - 2010 - 2020
  • Table 25 - Development of MegaFon's consolidated financial data - 2010 - 2020
  • Table 26 - Change in MegaFon's capex - 2009 - 2020
  • Table 27 - Development of MegaFon's mobile revenue - 2010 - 2020
  • Table 28 - Growth in the number of MegaFon's mobile subscribers - 2009 - 2020
  • Table 29 - Development of MegaFon's mobile data traffic - 2012 - 2019
  • Table 30 - Growth in MegaFon's mobile data revenue and subscriber base - 2012 - 2020
  • Table 31 - Rostelecom mobile subscribers - 2017 - 2019
  • Table 32 - Growth in the number of fixed broadband subscribers and penetration - 2010 - 2025
  • Table 33 - Development in the number of cable broadband subscribers - 2011 - 2020
  • Table 34 - Development in the number of DSL subscribers - 2011 - 2020
  • Table 35 - Change in the number of Rostelecom's fixed broadband subscribers by platform- 2008 - 2020
  • Table 36 - Growth in the number of MTS's fixed broadband subscribers - 2009 - 2020
  • Table 37 - Growth in the number of VEON's fixed broadband subscribers - 2008 - 2020
  • Table 38 - Development of VEON's fixed broadband revenue ($ million) - 2010 - 2020
  • Table 39 - Development of VEON's fixed broadband ARPU - 2016 - 2020
  • Table 40 - Growth in the number of Rostelecom's fibre broadband subscribers - 2011 - 2020
  • Table 41 - Growth in the number of MGTS's GPON subscribers - 2014 - 2020
  • Table 42 - Growth in the number of VEON's FttB subscribers - 2010 - 2020
  • Table 43 - Development of VEON's FttB revenue - 2010 - 2020
  • Table 44 - Growth in the number of fibre broadband subscribers - 2011 - 2020
  • Table 45 - Satellite broadband subscribers - 2011 - 2020
  • Table 46 - Development of Rostelecom's financials (post-merger) - 2008 - 2020
  • Table 47 - Change in the number of Rostelecom's subscriber by type - 2008 - 2020
  • Table 48 - Development of VEON Group' financial data ($ billion)- 2010 - 2020
  • Table 49 - Development of VEON's domestic financial data ($ billion) - 2010 - 2020
  • Table 50 - Change in the number of VEON's domestic subscribers (million)- 2010 - 2020
  • Table 51 - Growth in ER-Telecom's revenue - 2014 - 2020
  • Table 52 - Development of MTS's financials (Russia, RUB) - 2010 - 2020
  • Table 53 - Development of MTS's fixed-line subscribers by type - 2008 - 2020
  • Table 54 - Decline in the number of fixed lines in service and teledensity - 2010 - 2025
  • Table 55 - Increase in international internet bandwidth - 2010 - 2019
  • Table 56 - Historic - Fixed lines in service and teledensity - 1998 - 2009
  • Table 57 - Historic - Telecom sector revenue (RUB million) - 2003 - 2010
  • Table 58 - Historic - MTS financial data (Russia, $) - 2008 - 2012
  • Table 59 - Historic - Rostelecom (pre-merger) financial data - 2008 - 2010
  • Table 60 - Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 1995 - 2009
  • Table 61 - Historic - Mobile service revenue - 2003 - 2009
  • Table 62 - Historic - Mobile VAS market share by operator - 2007 - 2015
  • Table 63 - Historic - MegaFon mobile revenue - 2005 - 2009
  • Table 64 - Historic - Development of MTS's fixed-line subscribers by type - 2008 - 2009
  • Table 65 - Historic - MTS mobile financial data (Russia, RUB) - 2004 - 2009
  • Table 66 - Historic - MTS mobile financial data (old style, Russia, $) - 2004 - 2012
  • Table 67 - Historic - Tele2 financial data - 2007 - 2012
  • Table 68 - Historic - MTS Russia MOU, churn and annualised ARPU - 2001 - 2015
  • Table 69 - Historic - MTS Russia annualised VAS - 2004 - 2015
  • Table 70 - Historic - MTS Russia annualised VAS revenue by type - 2010 - 2015
  • Table 71 - Historic - M-commerce revenue - 2011 - 2015
  • Table 72 - Historic - Rostelecom mobile subscribers - 2010 - 2014
  • Table 73 - Historic - Rostelecom mobile revenue - 2008 - 2014
  • Table 74 - Historic - Tele2's mobile subscribers - 2007 - 2017
  • Table 75 - Historic - VEON mobile subscribers (Russia) - 2005 - 2009
  • Table 76 - Historic - MegaFon base stations in use - 2013 - 2015
  • Table 77 - Historic - SMARTS Group subscribers - 2009 - 2015
  • Table 78 - Historic - SMARTS Group financial data - 2006 - 2013
  • Table 79 - Historic - Internet users and penetration rate - 1999 - 2015
  • Table 80 - Historic - Fixed broadband subscribers and penetration - 2003 - 2009
  • Table 81 - Historic - VEON ARPU and MOU (Russia) - 2007 - 2009
  • Table 82 - Historic - Increase in international internet bandwidth - 2006 - 2009
  • Table 83 - Historic - Development of VEON (Russia) financial data - 2007 - 2009
  • Table 84 - Historic - Development of VEON Group' financial data - 2007 - 2009
  • Table 85 - Historic - Rostelecom's subscriber by type -2008 - 2009
  • Table 86 - Historic - Development of Rostelecom's financials (post-merger) - 2008 - 2009
  • Table 87 - Historic - Growth in the number of VEON's fixed broadband subscribers - 2008 - 2009
  • Table 88 - Historic - Growth in the number of fixed broadband subscribers and penetration (thousand)- 2003 - 2009
  • Table 89 - Historic - Development of MegaFon's consolidated financial data - 2005 - 2009

List of Charts

  • Chart 1 - Europe Telecoms Maturity Index - Market Leaders (top tier)
  • Chart 2 - Europe Telecoms Maturity Index - Market Challengers (middle tier)
  • Chart 3 - Europe Telecoms Maturity Index - Market Emergents (bottom tier)
  • Chart 4 - Overall view - Telecoms Maturity Index vs GDP per Capita
  • Chart 5 - Europe - mobile subscriber penetration vs mobile broadband penetration
  • Chart 6 - Scandinavia and Baltics: mobile subscriber penetration vs mobile broadband penetration
  • Chart 7 - Northern Europe -mobile subscriber penetration vs mobile broadband penetration
  • Chart 8 - Southern Europe mobile subscriber penetration vs mobile broadband penetration
  • Chart 9 - Eastern Europe mobile subscriber penetration vs mobile broadband penetration
  • Chart 10 - Scandinavia and Baltics fixed and mobile broadband penetration
  • Chart 11 - Northern Europe fixed and mobile broadband penetration
  • Chart 12 - Southern Europe fixed and mobile broadband penetration
  • Chart 13 - Eastern Europe fixed and mobile broadband penetration
  • Chart 14 - Increase in telecom market revenue - 2010 - 2020
  • Chart 15 - Change in the share of telecom market revenue by type - 2016 - 2020
  • Chart 16 - Growth in the number of mobile subscribers and penetration - 2010 - 2025
  • Chart 17 - Growth in the number of mobile subscribers and penetration in Moscow, St Petersburg - 2010 - 2019
  • Chart 18 - Change in market share of subscribers by operator - 2010 - 2019
  • Chart 19 - Decline in in mobile service revenue - 2010 - 2020
  • Chart 20 - Growth in the number of mobile base stations by technology - 2013 - 2020
  • Chart 21 - Growth in the number of mobile broadband subscribers and penetration - 2010 - 2025
  • Chart 22 - Development of MTS's mobile financial data (Russia, RUB) - 2010 - 2020
  • Chart 23 - Development of MTS's quarterly mobile financial data (Russia, RUB) - 2014 - 2019
  • Chart 24 - Development of MTS capex (Russia, RUB) - 2010 - 2020
  • Chart 25 - Development of MTS's operating profit and margin (Russia, RUB) - 2010 - 2020
  • Chart 26 - Growth in the number of MTS Russia's mobile subscribers - 2010 - 2020
  • Chart 27 - Change in the number of VEON's mobile subscribers (Russia) - 2010 - 2020
  • Chart 28 - Development of VEON's mobile financial data by type (Russia) - 2010 - 2020
  • Chart 29 - Development of MegaFon's consolidated financial data - 2010 - 2020
  • Chart 30 - Change in MegaFon's capex - 2009 - 2020
  • Chart 31 - Development of MegaFon's mobile revenue - 2010 - 2020
  • Chart 32 - Growth in the number of MegaFon's mobile subscribers - 2009 - 2020
  • Chart 33 - Growth in MegaFon's mobile data revenue and subscriber base - 2009 - 2020
  • Chart 34 - Growth in the number of fixed broadband subscribers and penetration - 2010- 2025
  • Chart 35 - Development in the number of cable broadband subscribers - 2011 - 2020
  • Chart 36 - Development in the number of DSL subscribers - 2011 - 2020
  • Chart 37 - Change in the number of Rostelecom's fixed broadband subscribers by platform- 2010 - 2020
  • Chart 38 - Growth in the number of MTS's fixed broadband subscribers - 2010 - 2020
  • Chart 39 - Growth in the number of VEON's fixed broadband subscribers - 2010 - 2020
  • Chart 40 - Development of VEON's fixed broadband revenue - 2010 - 2020
  • Chart 41 - Development of VEON's fixed broadband ARPU - 2016 - 2020
  • Chart 42 - Growth in the number of Rostelecom's fibre broadband subscribers - 2011 - 2020
  • Chart 43 - Growth in the number of MGTS GPON subscribers - 2014 - 2020
  • Chart 44 - Growth in the number of VEON's FttB subscribers - 2010 - 2020
  • Chart 45 - Development of VEON's FttB revenue - 2010 - 2020
  • Chart 46 - Growth in the number of fibre broadband subscribers - 2011 - 2020
  • Chart 47 - Development of Rostelecom's financials (post-merger) - 2010 - 2020
  • Chart 48 - Change in the number of Rostelecom's subscriber by type - 2010 - 2020
  • Chart 49 - Development of VEON Group' financial data - 2010 - 2020
  • Chart 50 - Development of VEON's domestic financial data ($ billion) - 2010 - 2020
  • Chart 51 - Change in the number of VEON's domestic subscribers - 2010 - 2020
  • Chart 52 - Growth in ER-Telecom's revenue - 2014 - 2020
  • Chart 53 - Development of MTS's financials (Russia, RUB) - 2010 - 2020
  • Chart 54 - Development of MTS's fixed-line subscribers by type - 2008 - 2020
  • Chart 55 - Decline in the number of fixed lines in service and teledensity - 2010 - 2025
  • Chart 56 - Increase in international internet bandwidth - 2010 - 2019
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