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Market Research Report
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1031453

Progress in Optical Wireless Communications - Visible Light Communications and Free Space Fiber: Technologies, Applications and Markets

Published: | PracTel, Inc. | Delivery time: 1-2 business days

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Progress in Optical Wireless Communications - Visible Light Communications and Free Space Fiber: Technologies, Applications and Markets
Published: October 9, 2021
PracTel, Inc.
Delivery time: 1-2 business days
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  • Description
  • Table of Contents
Description

Brief:

This Practel report continues the company's project on optical wireless communications (OWC). It revises and updates Practel reports on this subject published previously.

Particular, the report concentrates on:

  • VLC - Visible Light Communication
  • FSF - Free Space Fiber.

In connection with the VLC development, the report is addressing Light Emitting Diode (LED) technologies and markets. LED, in the near future, will be a dominate source of illumination; and used also as a transmitting device. The VLC LED-based channels promise to deliver high-speed data in office, home and other environments with high signal-to-noise ratio, and minimum infrastructure expenses.

The report is analyzing the emerging VLC industry, economics, technologies, standardization and applications. It shows that the spectrum of VLC applications is increasing each year to support such developments as Intelligent Transportation Systems, Localization and other. The report also surveys VLC-related patents.

FSF devices are solving access issues in metro and LAN environments. They are relatively inexpensive, support Gb/s rates of transmission; they are also offering low maintenance cost, guarantee a short installation time and security of communications. The report presents the FSF technologies and market analysis as well as discusses their applications together with the survey of vendors and their portfolios.

This report is important to a wide population of researches, technical and sales staff involved in the developing of advanced Optical Wireless Communications methods. It is recommended for both service providers and vendors that are working with related technologies.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

1.0 Introduction

  • 1.1 General
  • 1.2 Structure
  • 1.3 LED as Communications Transmitter
  • 1.4 Free Space Fiber
  • 1.5 Scope
  • 1.6 Research Methodology
  • 1.7 Target Audience

2.0 LED Specifics

  • 2.1 General
  • 2.2 Spectrum
  • 2.3 Types
  • 2.4 LED Modulation
    • 2.4.1 Limitations
  • 2.5 LED Evolution
    • 2.5.1 General
    • 2.5.2 Benefits
    • 2.5.3 Market Characteristics
    • 2.5.4 Factors

3.0 Visible Light Communications

  • 3.1 General
    • 3.1.1 Drivers
    • 3.1.2 Organizations - Examples
      • 3.1.2.1 UC-Light Center
      • 3.1.2.2 Li-Fi Consortium and Li-Fi vs. VLC
      • 3.1.2.3 Light Communications Alliance
  • 3.2 VLC Standards Development
    • 3.2.1 IEEE
      • 3.2.1.1 802.15.7
        • 3.2.1.1.1 Considerations
        • 3.2.1.1.2 Project
          • 3.2.1.1.2.1 Coexistence
          • 3.2.1.1.2.2 Essence
          • 3.2.1.1.2.3 Base
          • 3.2.1.1.2.4 Use Cases and Devices
          • 3.2.1.1.2.5 Physical Layer
            • 3.2.1.1.2.5.1 General
            • 3.2.1.1.2.5.2 Responsibilities
            • 3.2.1.1.2.5.3 Types
            • 3.2.1.1.2.5.4 Error Protection
            • 3.2.1.1.2.5.5 Rates
            • 3.2.1.1.2.5.6 Frequency Plan
            • 3.2.1.1.2.5.7 PHY Services
          • 3.2.1.1.2.6 Regulations
          • 3.2.1.1.2.7 MAC Layer
            • 3.2.1.1.2.7.1 Topologies
            • 3.2.1.1.2.7.2 Responsibilities
            • 3.2.1.1.2.7.3 Functionalities
            • 3.2.1.1.2.7.4 Channel Access
          • 3.2.1.1.2.8 Security
      • 3.2.1.2 802.11bb
      • 3.2.1.3 802.15.13
    • 3.2.4 Jeita (Japan Electronics and Information Technology Industries Association) Standards
      • 3.2.4.1 JEITA CP-1221
      • 3.2.4.2 JEITA CP-1222
      • 3.2.4.3 JEITA CP-1223 (2013)
    • 3.2.5 Visible Light Communications Association (VLCA)
      • 3.2.5.1 General
      • 3.2.5.2 Experimental Systems- VLCA Projects
    • 3.2.6 ECMA 397-2010
    • 3.2.7 ITU
      • 3.2.7.1 G.9991
      • 3.2.7.2 Report ITU-R SM.2422-0 (06/2018)
  • 3.3 Details
    • 3.3.1 Communication Channel
    • 3.3.2 Transmitter
    • 3.3.3 Receiver
      • 3.3.3.1 Image Sensors
    • 3.3.4 Major Characteristics
      • 3.3.4.1 General
      • 3.3.4.2 Modulation
      • 3.3.4.3 VLC Channel: Characteristics Summary
      • 3.3.4.4 Limiting Factors
    • 3.3.5 Applications: Summary
      • 3.3.5.1 ITS
      • 3.3.5.2 Optical Wireless LAN
      • 3.3.5.3 Medical
      • 3.3.5.4 Localization
      • 3.3.5.5 City Wide Wireless Network
      • 3.3.5.6 Summary
  • 3.4 Industry
    • Casio
    • Firefly
    • Fraunhofer IPMS
    • Lightbee
    • Nakagawa Laboratories
    • NEC
    • Oledcomm
    • Outstanding Technology
    • PureVLC-PureLi-Fi
    • Qualcomm
    • Renesas
    • Signify (Philips Lighting)
    • Supreme Architecture
    • VLNComm
    • Zero1
  • 3.5 Market
  • 3.6 5G View
    • 3.6.1 Attocell
    • 3.6.2 Cell Structures

4.0 Free Space Fiber

  • 4.1 General
  • 4.2 Major Characteristics
  • 4.3 Protection
  • 4.4 Applications
    • 4.4.1 Major Use Cases
    • 4.4.2 Requirements
    • 4.4.3 Inter-satellite Links
    • 4.4.4 Intra-building Communications
    • 4.4.5 Inter-building Communications
  • 4.5 FSF Communications Benefits and Limitations: Summary
    • 4.5.1 Weather Factor
    • 4.5.2 Building Swaying
  • 4.6 Design Issues
  • 4.7 Customers
  • 4.8 FSF Market
    • 4.8.1 General
    • 4.8.2 Market Drivers
      • 4.8.2.1 Market Segments
    • 4.8.3 Competition
      • 4.8.3.1 Fiber Optics Systems
      • 4.8.3.2 Microwave
      • 4.8.3.3 PONs
    • 4.8.4 Forecast
      • 4.8.4.1 General
      • 4.8.4.2 Model Assumptions
      • 4.8.4.3 Structure
      • 4.8.4.4 Market Estimate
  • 4.9 Vendors
    • CableFree
    • CBL
    • Dailianxu Engineering Company
    • fSONA
    • Guilin
    • Plaintree
    • SA Photonics
  • 4.10 Standards
    • 4.10.1 ITU G.640
    • 4.10.2 ITU-R P.1814-2007
    • 4.10.3 ARIB STD-T50 (OPTICAL WIRELESS LAN SYSTEM) v4-2009

5.0 Comparison: VLC and FSF

6.0 Conclusions

Attachment I: VLC - related Patents Survey (2017-2020)

List of Figures

  • Figure 1: OWC Illustration
  • Figure 2: LED Structure
  • Figure 3: LED Spectrum
  • Figure 4: White LED Properties Illustration
  • Figure 5: Estimate: Lighting LED Market - U.S. ($B)
  • Figure 6: Estimate: Lighting LED Market -U.S. (Bil. Units Shipped)
  • Figure 7: LED Price Factor
  • Figure 8: Cost and Brightness- Light Sources
  • Figure 9: Illustration: VLC Place
  • Figure 10: PHY Types
  • Figure 11: Topologies
  • Figure 12: Illustration-VLC Channel
  • Figure 13: VLC Applications
  • Figure 14: Channel Set-up
  • Figure 15: VLC Market Categories
  • Figure 16: Estimate: VLC Market - Global ($B)
  • Figure 17: VLC Market Geography (2020)
  • Figure 18: Simplified FSF Connection Diagram
  • Figure 19: FSF Market Segments
  • Figure 20: Estimate: FSF Global Market Value ($B)
  • Figure 21: FSF Market Geography

List of Tables

  • Table 1: VLC vs FSF
  • Table 2: LED Wavelengths (nm)
  • Table 3: Properties - Laser vs. LED
  • Table 4: Light Sources Characteristics
  • Table 5: VLC Use Cases
  • Table 6: Devices and Characteristics
  • Table 7: Frequency Plan
  • Table 8: VLC vs RF Properties
  • Table 9: VLC, IR and RF Communications - ITS Applications Comparison
  • Table 10: Locations Technologies - VLC Place