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Market Research Report

Progress in Optical Wireless Communications - Technologies, Applications and Markets

Published by PracTel, Inc. Product code 299572
Published Content info 116 Pages
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Progress in Optical Wireless Communications - Technologies, Applications and Markets
Published: October 23, 2018 Content info: 116 Pages
Description

This Practel report continues the company's project on optical wireless communications (OWC). It updates Practel reports on this subject published early.

Particular, the report concentrates on:

  • VLC - Visible Light Communication
  • FSF - Free Space Fiber.

In connection with the VLC developments, the report is addressing Light Emitting Diode (LED) technologies and markets. LED, in the near future, will be a dominate source of illumination; and used also as a transmitting device. The VLC LED-based channels promise to deliver high-speed data in office, home and other environments with high signal-to-noise ratio, and minimum infrastructure expenses.

The report is analyzing the emerging VLC industry, economics, technologies, standardization and applications. It shows that the spectrum of VLC applications is increasing with each year to support such developments as Intelligent Transportation Systems, Localization and other.

FSF devices are solving access issues in metro and LAN environments. They are relatively inexpensive, support Gb/s rates of transmission; they are also offering low maintenance cost, guarantee a short installation time and security of communications. The report presents the FSF technologies and market analysis as well as discusses their applications together with the survey of vendors and their portfolios.

The report also contains the survey of recent VLC patents.

The report is written for a wide population of technical and marketing specialists working in the area of Wireless Optical Communications.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

1.0. Introduction

  • 1.1. General
  • 1.2. Structure
  • 1.3. LED as Communications Transmitter
  • 1.4. Free Space Fiber
  • 1.5. Scope
  • 1.6. Research Methodology
  • 1.7. Target Audience

2.0. LED Specifics

  • 2.1. General
  • 2.2. Spectrum
  • 2.3. Types
  • 2.4. LED Modulation
    • 2.4.1. Limitations
  • 2.5. LED Evolution
    • 2.5.1. General
    • 2.5.2. Benefits
    • 2.5.3. Market Considerations
    • 2.5.4. Factors

3.0. Visible Light Communications

  • 3.1. General
    • 3.1.1. Drivers
    • 3.1.2. Industry Activity
      • 3.1.2.1. UC-Light Center
      • 3.1.2.2. Li-Fi Consortium
  • 3.2. VLC Standards Development
    • 3.2.1. IEEE 802.15.7
      • 3.2.1.1. Considerations
        • 3.2.1.2. Project
          • 3.2.1.2.1. Coexistence
          • 3.2.1.2.2. Scope
          • 3.2.1.2.3. Base
          • 3.2.1.2.4. Use Cases
          • 3.2.1.2.5. Physical Layer
            • 3.2.1.2.5.1. General
            • 3.2.1.2.5.2. Responsibilities
            • 3.2.1.2.5.3. Types
              • 3.2.1.2.5.4. Error Protection
              • 3.2.1.2.5.5. Rates
              • 3.2.1.2.5.6. Frequency Plan
              • 3.2.1.2.5.7. PHY Services
              • 3.2.1.2.5.8. Regulations
          • 3.2.1.2.6. MAC Layer
            • 3.2.1.2.6.1. Topologies
            • 3.2.1.2.6.2. Responsibilities
            • 3.2.1.2.6.3. Functionalities
            • 3.2.1.2.6.4. Channel Access
          • 3.2.1.2.7. Security
    • 3.2.2. IEEE802.15.7r1
    • 3.2.3. Jeita (Japan Electronics and Information Technology Industries Association)
      • 3.2.3.1. JEITA CP-1221
      • 3.2.3.2. JEITA CP-1222
      • 3.2.3.3. JEITA CP-1223(2013)
    • 3.2.4. Visible Light Communications Association (VLCA)
      • 3.2.4.1. General
      • 3.2.4.2. Experimental Systems- VLCA Projects
    • 3.2.5. ARIB T50
    • 3.2.6. ECMA 397-2010
  • 3.3. Li-Fi Consortium
  • 3.4. Details
    • 3.4.1. Communications Channel
    • 3.4.2. Transmitter
    • 3.4.3. Receiver
      • 3.4.3.1. Image Sensors
    • 3.4.4. Major Characteristics
      • 3.4.4.1. General
      • 3.4.4.2. Modulation
      • 3.4.4.3. VLC Channel: Characteristics Summary
      • 3.4.4.4. Limiting Factors
  • 3.5. Applications: Summary
    • 3.5.1. ITS
    • 3.5.2. Optical Wireless LAN
    • 3.5.3. Medical
    • 3.5.4. Localization
    • 3.5.5. City Wide Wireless Network
    • 3.5.6. Summary
  • 3.6. Companies and Organizations
    • Axrtek
    • Casio
    • Firefly
    • Fraunhofer IPMS
    • LVX
    • Lightbee
    • Nakagawa Laboratories
    • NEC
    • Oledcomm
    • Outstanding Technology
    • PureVLC-PureLi-Fi
    • Qualcomm
    • Renesas
    • SmartSignals
    • Supreme Architecture
    • TCL/Sunpartner
    • Tamura
  • 3.7. Market
  • 3.8. 5G View
    • 3.8.1. Attocell
    • 3.8.2. Cell Structures

4.0. Free Space Fiber

  • 4.1. General
  • 4.2. Major Characteristics
  • 4.3. Protection
  • 4.4. Applications
    • 4.4.1. Major Use Cases
    • 4.4.2. Requirements
    • 4.4.3. Inter-satellite Links
    • 4.4.4. Intra-building Communications
    • 4.4.5. Inter-building Communications
  • 4.5. FSF Communications Benefits and Limitations: Summary
    • 4.5.1. Weather Factor
    • 4.5.2. Building Swaying
  • 4.6. Design Issues
  • 4.7. Users
  • 4.8. FSF Market
    • 4.8.1. General
    • 4.8.2. Market Drivers
      • 4.8.2.1. Market Segments
    • 4.8.3. Competition
      • 4.8.3.1. Fiber Optics Systems
      • 4.8.3.2. Microwave
      • 4.8.3.3. PONs
    • 4.8.4. Forecast
      • 4.8.4.1. General
      • 4.8.4.2. Model Assumptions
      • 4.8.4.3. Structure
      • 4.8.4.4. Market Estimate
  • 4.9. Vendors
    • CableFree
    • Canon USA
    • CBL
    • Dailianxu Engineering Company
    • fSONA
    • Guilin
    • LightPointe
    • PAV
    • Plaintree
    • 4.10. Standards
      • 4.10.1. ITU G.640
      • 4.10.2. ITU-R P.1814-2007
      • 4.10.3. ARIB STD-T50(OPTICAL WIRELESS LAN SYSTEM) v4-2009
  • 4.11. Free Space Fiber and VLC - Summary

5.0. Conclusions

List of Figures

  • Figure 1: OWC Connections
  • Figure 2: LED Structure
  • Figure 3: LED Spectrum
  • Figure 4: White LED Properties Illustration
  • Figure 5: Estimate: Lighting LED Market -U.S. ($B)
  • Figure 6: Estimate: Lighting LED Market -U.S. (Bil. Units Shipped)
  • Figure 7: LED Price Factor
  • Figure 8: Cost and Brightness- Light Sources
  • Figure 9: WPAN Family and VLC
  • Figure 10: Illustration-VLC Channel
  • Figure 11: Applications
  • Figure 12: VLC Market Categories
  • Figure 13: Estimate: VLC Market - Global ($B)
  • Figure 14: VLC Market Geography (2017)
  • Figure 15: Simplified FSF Device Diagram
  • Figure 16: FSF Market Segments
  • Figure 17: Estimate: FSF Market Value ($M)
  • Figure 18: FSF Market Geography

List of Tables

  • Table 1: VLC and FSF Characteristics
  • Table 2: Wavelengths (nm)
  • Table 3: Comparison - Laser vs. LED
  • Table 4: Light Sources Characteristics
  • Table 5: Use Cases
  • Table 6: Devices and Characteristics
  • Table 7: Frequency Plan
  • Table 8: VLC/RF Properties
  • Table 9: VLC, IR and RF Communications ITS Applications Comparison
  • Table 10: Locations Technologies-VLC Place
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