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Market Research Report

Progress in IoT Communications - Technologies, Markets and Applications

Published by Practel, Inc. Product code 410916
Published Content info 91 Pages
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Progress in IoT Communications - Technologies, Markets and Applications
Published: January 7, 2017 Content info: 91 Pages
Description

This report addresses novel communications technologies designed for IoT/M2M. It concentrates on specifics of such communications; and analyzes several technologies that are being developed for these purposes.

Two categories of IoT communications standards may be distinguished:

  • Standards that have been developed in the "pre" - IoT communications time (such as ZigBee, traditional cellular, etc.) These standards are being adapted to serve a new class of communications - IoT. Due to specifics of IoT communications such approach is often not optimal.
  • Standards that have been developed specifically for IoT communications. They are the subject of this report.

Due to multiplicity of factors that should be considered in the developing IoT networks (applications, battery requirements, and traffic specifics, etc.) there is only a very remote possibility that a single technology will resolve all IoT communications issues. So far, the picture is very fragmented with multiple standards organizations working on sets of standards; and some industry players developing proprietary solutions.

It seems that open standards are prevailing, though there are also successful stories with proprietary technologies.

For the purpose of this report analysis, we distinguished the following groups of standards:

  • 1. Low Power Wide Area (LPWA) communications (Sub-1 GHz)
    • LoRA
    • SigFox
    • Weightless (W, N, P)
  • 2. 3GPP cellular LPWA (LTE)
    • NB-IoT
    • LTE Cat - M
  • 3. Industry Groups/Standardizations Bodies
    • IEEE802.11ah
    • Thread
    • Other

LPWA communication is split into two separate sub-categories. On the one hand, there are the current proprietary LPWA technologies, such as SigFox and LoRa, which typically operate on unlicensed sub 1 GHz spectrum (these are examples of technologies that have been commercialized before the 3GPP group of technologies; and they are trying to gain a leading position before the 3GPP is ready). On the other hand, there are the forthcoming 3GPP standardized cellular IoT technologies, which typically operate on licensed spectrum (3GPP Rel. 12 and 13).

Designed specifically for low bandwidth, low-power IoT applications, LPWAs structures are poised to see huge growth over the next few years, with stakeholders across the industry now talking about LPWA technologies as a core enabler of the IoT.

LPWA profile IoT applications include metering, agriculture, vehicle telematics, tracking, healthcare, consumer products, and others. Industry analysts have estimated that 3-5 billion LPWA connections will be in place by 2020, with hardware, network and service revenues reaching $9-$12 billion.

The report also analyzes the related work of such standards bodies as the IEEE, ITU, ETSI and other.

The report aims to provide an overview of global IoT communication protocols market with the detailed analysis of most important from them; and to concentrate on their specifics.

The report goal is also to identify major players in each protocol category; and estimate (5-year forecast) major marketing characteristics of still young IoT communications industry.

The report also contains the survey of 802.11ah - related patents.

The report was developed for a wide audience of managerial and technical staff of organizations that are working on IoT/M2M communications projects.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

1.0 Introduction

  • 1.1 Definition
  • 1.2 General
  • 1.3 Scope
  • 1.3.1 Major Goal
  • 1.4 Research Methodology
  • 1.5 Target Audience

2.0 IoT/M2M Communications Specifics

  • 2.1 General
  • 2.2 Environment
  • 2.3 Current Situation
  • 2.4 Requirements
  • 2.5 Spectrum Requirements
  • 2.6 Statistics
  • 2.7 Summary

3.0 IoT Communications Standardization

  • 3.1 Weightless Technologies - LPWAN
    • 3.1.1 Weightless SIG
      • 3.1.1.1 Common Features
        • 3.1.1.2 Weightless-W
          • 3.1.1.2.1 White Spaces Communications - Principles
          • 3.1.1.2.2 Definition
          • 3.1.1.2.3 Rational
          • 3.1.1.2.4 Ecosystem and Use Cases
          • 3.1.1.2.5 Weightless-W Details
      • 3.1.1.3 Changes
        • 3.1.1.4 Weightless-N (UNB)
          • 3.1.1.4.1 General
          • 3.1.1.4.2 Open Standard
          • 3.1.1.4.3 Nwave
          • 3.1.1.4.4 First Deployments
          • 3.1.1.4.5 Summary
      • 3.1.1.5 Weightless-P (NB)
        • 3.1.1.5.1 General
        • 3.1.1.5.2 Details
        • 3.1.1.5.3 M2COMM
    • 3.1.2 Comparison of Weightless Technologies
  • 3.2 IEEE
    • 3.2.1 802.11ah (Wi-Fi HaLow)
      • 3.2.1.1 General
      • 3.2.1.2 Goal and Schedule
      • 3.2.1.3 Attributes
      • 3.2.1.4 Use Cases
      • 3.2.1.5 PHY Layer
        • 3.2.1.5.1 Bandwidth
        • 3.2.1.5.2 Channelization
        • 3.2.1.5.3 Transmission Modes and MIMO
          • 3.2.1.5.3.1 Relay Mode
      • 3.2.1.6 MAC Layer
      • 3.2.1.7 Summary
      • 3.2.1.8 Industry
        • Aviacomm/Newracom
        • Orca
        • Aegis-IP
    • 3.2.2 P2413
  • 3.3 ETSI
    • 3.3.1 Contributions
    • 3.3.2 Low Throughput Network
      • 3.3.2.1 Weightless and ETSI
  • 3.4 ITU
    • 3.4.1 SG 20
  • 3.5 oneM2M
  • 3.6 ISO/IES
  • 3.7 3GPP and IoT Communications
    • 3.7.1 3GPP Position
    • 3.7.2 IoT Requirements and LTE
    • 3.7.3 3GPP LTE Rel. 12 Enhancement and IoT Communications
    • 3.7.4 3GPP LTE Rel. 13 Enhancement and IoT Communications
    • 3.7.5 Further Enhancements
    • 3.7.6 Summary of LTE/IoT Features
    • 3.7.7 NB-IoT Standardized
      • 3.7.7.1 Scope
        • 3.7.7.1.1 Scalable LTE IoT Platform
    • 3.7.8 Industry
      • Altair (acquired by Sony in 2016)
      • Aeris
      • Ericsson
      • Gemalto
      • Kore Telematics
      • Mistbase
      • Orca
      • Sequans
      • Qualcomm
      • u-blox
      • WNC
    • 3.7.9 Summary
  • 3.8 LoRa
    • 3.8.1 Alliance
      • 3.8.1.1 Open Protocol
    • 3.8.2 Technology Basics
      • 3.8.2.1 Protocol
      • 3.8.2.2 Modulation
      • 3.8.2.3 Long Range
      • 3.8.2.4 Applications
      • 3.8.2.5 Architecture
      • 3.8.2.6 Classes
      • 3.8.2.7 LoRaWAN
      • 3.8.2.8 Major Characteristics
    • 3.8.3 Industry
      • Actility
      • Amiho
      • Cisco
      • Kerlink
      • Link Labs
      • LORIOT.io
      • Microchip Technology
      • MultiTech
      • Murata
      • Sagemcom
      • Semtech
      • STMicroelectronics
      • Tektelic
    • 3.8.4 Comparison
  • 3.9 SigFox
    • 3.9.1 Company
    • 3.9.2 Technology
      • 3.9.2.1 Details - Uplink
      • 3.9.2.2 Details - Downlink
      • 3.9.2.3 SmartLNB
    • 3.9.3 Market
    • 3.9.4 Use Cases
    • 3.9.5 Industry
      • Adeunis RF
      • Innocomm
      • Microchip
      • On Semiconductor
      • Telit
  • 3.10 Thread
    • 3.10.1 General: From Smart Home to Commercial Buildings
    • 3.10.2 Protocol
    • 3.10.3 Major Features
    • 3.10.4 Specification Summary
    • 3.10.5 Components
    • 3.10.6 Industry
      • CEL
      • Digi
      • NXP (Qualcomm)
      • Silicon Labs
    • 3.10.7 Comparison

4.0 IoT Communications Market

  • 4.1 Statistics
  • 4.2 Estimate
    • 4.2.1 IoT/M2M Traffic Volume
    • 4.2.2 IoT/M2M Communications Market
    • 4.2.3 IoT Connections
    • 4.2.4 IoT Telecom Services
    • 4.2.5 Cellular IoT Subscribers

5.0 Conclusions

Attachment I: 802.11ah - related Patents Survey (2015-2016)

  • Figure 1: IoT Environment
  • Figure 2: Projections: IoT/M2M Technologies and Applications Market ($Trillion)
  • Figure 3: Projections: Number of Smart Devices in Smart Homes-Global (Bil.)
  • Figure 4: Frequency Spectrum (sub-1 GHz)
  • Figure 5: 802.11ah - Channelization Plan in U.S.
  • Figure 6: ETSI Activity - IoT/M2M
  • Figure 7: Use Cases
  • Figure 8: Time Schedule
  • Figure 9: Evolution of LTE IoT Communications
  • Figure 10: Cellular-based IoT Technologies
  • Figure 11: LoRa Protocol Architecture
  • Figure 12: Architecture
  • Figure 13: Battery Lifetime
  • Figure 14: Uplink Frame Format
  • Figure 15: Downlink Frame Format
  • Figure 16: Thread Protocol Stack and Related Standards
  • Figure 17: Thread Protocol Major Features
  • Figure 18: M2M Applications
  • Figure 19: Projections: IoT/M2M Traffic Volume (PB/Month)
  • Figure 20: TAM: IoT/M2M Communications ($B)
  • Figure 21: Estimate: Number of IoT Connections (Bil.)
  • Figure 22: TAM: IoT Telecom Services - Global ($B)
  • Figure 23: Estimate: Number of Cellular IoT Subscribers (Bil.)
  • Table 1: Iceni Characteristics
  • Table 2: Weightless Technologies Comparison
  • Table 3: Transmission Characteristics - 802.11ah
  • Table 4: 802.11ah Features Summary
  • Table 5: CAT-0 and CAT-1 Characteristics
  • Table 6: Modem Complexity
  • Table 7: 3GPP IoT Communications Technologies Characteristics
  • Table 8: Classes
  • Table 9: Regional Differences
  • Table 10: Major IoT Communications Technologies Comparison
  • Table 11: Features - SigFox
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